geyson /wp-includes/functions.php

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<?php
/**
 * Main WordPress API
 *
 * @package WordPress
 */

require( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/option.php' );

/**
 * Convert given date string into a different format.
 *
 * $format should be either a PHP date format string, e.g. 'U' for a Unix
 * timestamp, or 'G' for a Unix timestamp assuming that $date is GMT.
 *
 * If $translate is true then the given date and format string will
 * be passed to date_i18n() for translation.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @param string $format    Format of the date to return.
 * @param string $date      Date string to convert.
 * @param bool   $translate Whether the return date should be translated. Default true.
 * @return string|int|bool Formatted date string or Unix timestamp. False if $date is empty.
 */
function mysql2date( $format, $date, $translate = true ) {
	if ( empty( $date ) )
		return false;

	if ( 'G' == $format )
		return strtotime( $date . ' +0000' );

	$i = strtotime( $date );

	if ( 'U' == $format )
		return $i;

	if ( $translate )
		return date_i18n( $format, $i );
	else
		return date( $format, $i );
}

/**
 * Retrieve the current time based on specified type.
 *
 * The 'mysql' type will return the time in the format for MySQL DATETIME field.
 * The 'timestamp' type will return the current timestamp.
 * Other strings will be interpreted as PHP date formats (e.g. 'Y-m-d').
 *
 * If $gmt is set to either '1' or 'true', then both types will use GMT time.
 * if $gmt is false, the output is adjusted with the GMT offset in the WordPress option.
 *
 * @since 1.0.0
 *
 * @param string   $type Type of time to retrieve. Accepts 'mysql', 'timestamp', or PHP date
 *                       format string (e.g. 'Y-m-d').
 * @param int|bool $gmt  Optional. Whether to use GMT timezone. Default false.
 * @return int|string Integer if $type is 'timestamp', string otherwise.
 */
function current_time( $type, $gmt = 0 ) {
	switch ( $type ) {
		case 'mysql':
			return ( $gmt ) ? gmdate( 'Y-m-d H:i:s' ) : gmdate( 'Y-m-d H:i:s', ( time() + ( get_option( 'gmt_offset' ) * HOUR_IN_SECONDS ) ) );
		case 'timestamp':
			return ( $gmt ) ? time() : time() + ( get_option( 'gmt_offset' ) * HOUR_IN_SECONDS );
		default:
			return ( $gmt ) ? date( $type ) : date( $type, time() + ( get_option( 'gmt_offset' ) * HOUR_IN_SECONDS ) );
	}
}

/**
 * Retrieve the date in localized format, based on timestamp.
 *
 * If the locale specifies the locale month and weekday, then the locale will
 * take over the format for the date. If it isn't, then the date format string
 * will be used instead.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @global WP_Locale $wp_locale
 *
 * @param string   $dateformatstring Format to display the date.
 * @param bool|int $unixtimestamp    Optional. Unix timestamp. Default false.
 * @param bool     $gmt              Optional. Whether to use GMT timezone. Default false.
 *
 * @return string The date, translated if locale specifies it.
 */
function date_i18n( $dateformatstring, $unixtimestamp = false, $gmt = false ) {
	global $wp_locale;
	$i = $unixtimestamp;

	if ( false === $i ) {
		if ( ! $gmt )
			$i = current_time( 'timestamp' );
		else
			$i = time();
		// we should not let date() interfere with our
		// specially computed timestamp
		$gmt = true;
	}

	/*
	 * Store original value for language with untypical grammars.
	 * See https://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/9396
	 */
	$req_format = $dateformatstring;

	$datefunc = $gmt? 'gmdate' : 'date';

	if ( ( !empty( $wp_locale->month ) ) && ( !empty( $wp_locale->weekday ) ) ) {
		$datemonth = $wp_locale->get_month( $datefunc( 'm', $i ) );
		$datemonth_abbrev = $wp_locale->get_month_abbrev( $datemonth );
		$dateweekday = $wp_locale->get_weekday( $datefunc( 'w', $i ) );
		$dateweekday_abbrev = $wp_locale->get_weekday_abbrev( $dateweekday );
		$datemeridiem = $wp_locale->get_meridiem( $datefunc( 'a', $i ) );
		$datemeridiem_capital = $wp_locale->get_meridiem( $datefunc( 'A', $i ) );
		$dateformatstring = ' '.$dateformatstring;
		$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])D/", "\\1" . backslashit( $dateweekday_abbrev ), $dateformatstring );
		$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])F/", "\\1" . backslashit( $datemonth ), $dateformatstring );
		$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])l/", "\\1" . backslashit( $dateweekday ), $dateformatstring );
		$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])M/", "\\1" . backslashit( $datemonth_abbrev ), $dateformatstring );
		$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])a/", "\\1" . backslashit( $datemeridiem ), $dateformatstring );
		$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])A/", "\\1" . backslashit( $datemeridiem_capital ), $dateformatstring );

		$dateformatstring = substr( $dateformatstring, 1, strlen( $dateformatstring ) -1 );
	}
	$timezone_formats = array( 'P', 'I', 'O', 'T', 'Z', 'e' );
	$timezone_formats_re = implode( '|', $timezone_formats );
	if ( preg_match( "/$timezone_formats_re/", $dateformatstring ) ) {
		$timezone_string = get_option( 'timezone_string' );
		if ( $timezone_string ) {
			$timezone_object = timezone_open( $timezone_string );
			$date_object = date_create( null, $timezone_object );
			foreach( $timezone_formats as $timezone_format ) {
				if ( false !== strpos( $dateformatstring, $timezone_format ) ) {
					$formatted = date_format( $date_object, $timezone_format );
					$dateformatstring = ' '.$dateformatstring;
					$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])$timezone_format/", "\\1" . backslashit( $formatted ), $dateformatstring );
					$dateformatstring = substr( $dateformatstring, 1, strlen( $dateformatstring ) -1 );
				}
			}
		}
	}
	$j = @$datefunc( $dateformatstring, $i );

	/**
	 * Filter the date formatted based on the locale.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 *
	 * @param string $j          Formatted date string.
	 * @param string $req_format Format to display the date.
	 * @param int    $i          Unix timestamp.
	 * @param bool   $gmt        Whether to convert to GMT for time. Default false.
	 */
	$j = apply_filters( 'date_i18n', $j, $req_format, $i, $gmt );
	return $j;
}

/**
 * Convert integer number to format based on the locale.
 *
 * @since 2.3.0
 *
 * @global WP_Locale $wp_locale
 *
 * @param int $number   The number to convert based on locale.
 * @param int $decimals Optional. Precision of the number of decimal places. Default 0.
 * @return string Converted number in string format.
 */
function number_format_i18n( $number, $decimals = 0 ) {
	global $wp_locale;
	$formatted = number_format( $number, absint( $decimals ), $wp_locale->number_format['decimal_point'], $wp_locale->number_format['thousands_sep'] );

	/**
	 * Filter the number formatted based on the locale.
	 *
	 * @since  2.8.0
	 *
	 * @param string $formatted Converted number in string format.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'number_format_i18n', $formatted );
}

/**
 * Convert number of bytes largest unit bytes will fit into.
 *
 * It is easier to read 1 kB than 1024 bytes and 1 MB than 1048576 bytes. Converts
 * number of bytes to human readable number by taking the number of that unit
 * that the bytes will go into it. Supports TB value.
 *
 * Please note that integers in PHP are limited to 32 bits, unless they are on
 * 64 bit architecture, then they have 64 bit size. If you need to place the
 * larger size then what PHP integer type will hold, then use a string. It will
 * be converted to a double, which should always have 64 bit length.
 *
 * Technically the correct unit names for powers of 1024 are KiB, MiB etc.
 *
 * @since 2.3.0
 *
 * @param int|string $bytes    Number of bytes. Note max integer size for integers.
 * @param int        $decimals Optional. Precision of number of decimal places. Default 0.
 * @return string|false False on failure. Number string on success.
 */
function size_format( $bytes, $decimals = 0 ) {
	$quant = array(
		// ========================= Origin ====
		'TB' => 1099511627776,  // pow( 1024, 4)
		'GB' => 1073741824,     // pow( 1024, 3)
		'MB' => 1048576,        // pow( 1024, 2)
		'kB' => 1024,           // pow( 1024, 1)
		'B'  => 1,              // pow( 1024, 0)
	);

	foreach ( $quant as $unit => $mag ) {
		if ( doubleval( $bytes ) >= $mag ) {
			return number_format_i18n( $bytes / $mag, $decimals ) . ' ' . $unit;
		}
	}

	return false;
}

/**
 * Get the week start and end from the datetime or date string from MySQL.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @param string     $mysqlstring   Date or datetime field type from MySQL.
 * @param int|string $start_of_week Optional. Start of the week as an integer. Default empty string.
 * @return array Keys are 'start' and 'end'.
 */
function get_weekstartend( $mysqlstring, $start_of_week = '' ) {
	// MySQL string year.
	$my = substr( $mysqlstring, 0, 4 );

	// MySQL string month.
	$mm = substr( $mysqlstring, 8, 2 );

	// MySQL string day.
	$md = substr( $mysqlstring, 5, 2 );

	// The timestamp for MySQL string day.
	$day = mktime( 0, 0, 0, $md, $mm, $my );

	// The day of the week from the timestamp.
	$weekday = date( 'w', $day );

	if ( !is_numeric($start_of_week) )
		$start_of_week = get_option( 'start_of_week' );

	if ( $weekday < $start_of_week )
		$weekday += 7;

	// The most recent week start day on or before $day.
	$start = $day - DAY_IN_SECONDS * ( $weekday - $start_of_week );

	// $start + 7 days - 1 second.
	$end = $start + 7 * DAY_IN_SECONDS - 1;
	return compact( 'start', 'end' );
}

/**
 * Unserialize value only if it was serialized.
 *
 * @since 2.0.0
 *
 * @param string $original Maybe unserialized original, if is needed.
 * @return mixed Unserialized data can be any type.
 */
function maybe_unserialize( $original ) {
	if ( is_serialized( $original ) ) // don't attempt to unserialize data that wasn't serialized going in
		return @unserialize( $original );
	return $original;
}

/**
 * Check value to find if it was serialized.
 *
 * If $data is not an string, then returned value will always be false.
 * Serialized data is always a string.
 *
 * @since 2.0.5
 *
 * @param string $data   Value to check to see if was serialized.
 * @param bool   $strict Optional. Whether to be strict about the end of the string. Default true.
 * @return bool False if not serialized and true if it was.
 */
function is_serialized( $data, $strict = true ) {
	// if it isn't a string, it isn't serialized.
	if ( ! is_string( $data ) ) {
		return false;
	}
	$data = trim( $data );
 	if ( 'N;' == $data ) {
		return true;
	}
	if ( strlen( $data ) < 4 ) {
		return false;
	}
	if ( ':' !== $data[1] ) {
		return false;
	}
	if ( $strict ) {
		$lastc = substr( $data, -1 );
		if ( ';' !== $lastc && '}' !== $lastc ) {
			return false;
		}
	} else {
		$semicolon = strpos( $data, ';' );
		$brace     = strpos( $data, '}' );
		// Either ; or } must exist.
		if ( false === $semicolon && false === $brace )
			return false;
		// But neither must be in the first X characters.
		if ( false !== $semicolon && $semicolon < 3 )
			return false;
		if ( false !== $brace && $brace < 4 )
			return false;
	}
	$token = $data[0];
	switch ( $token ) {
		case 's' :
			if ( $strict ) {
				if ( '"' !== substr( $data, -2, 1 ) ) {
					return false;
				}
			} elseif ( false === strpos( $data, '"' ) ) {
				return false;
			}
			// or else fall through
		case 'a' :
		case 'O' :
			return (bool) preg_match( "/^{$token}:[0-9]+:/s", $data );
		case 'b' :
		case 'i' :
		case 'd' :
			$end = $strict ? '$' : '';
			return (bool) preg_match( "/^{$token}:[0-9.E-]+;$end/", $data );
	}
	return false;
}

/**
 * Check whether serialized data is of string type.
 *
 * @since 2.0.5
 *
 * @param string $data Serialized data.
 * @return bool False if not a serialized string, true if it is.
 */
function is_serialized_string( $data ) {
	// if it isn't a string, it isn't a serialized string.
	if ( ! is_string( $data ) ) {
		return false;
	}
	$data = trim( $data );
	if ( strlen( $data ) < 4 ) {
		return false;
	} elseif ( ':' !== $data[1] ) {
		return false;
	} elseif ( ';' !== substr( $data, -1 ) ) {
		return false;
	} elseif ( $data[0] !== 's' ) {
		return false;
	} elseif ( '"' !== substr( $data, -2, 1 ) ) {
		return false;
	} else {
		return true;
	}
}

/**
 * Serialize data, if needed.
 *
 * @since 2.0.5
 *
 * @param string|array|object $data Data that might be serialized.
 * @return mixed A scalar data
 */
function maybe_serialize( $data ) {
	if ( is_array( $data ) || is_object( $data ) )
		return serialize( $data );

	// Double serialization is required for backward compatibility.
	// See https://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/12930
	// Also the world will end. See WP 3.6.1.
	if ( is_serialized( $data, false ) )
		return serialize( $data );

	return $data;
}

/**
 * Retrieve post title from XMLRPC XML.
 *
 * If the title element is not part of the XML, then the default post title from
 * the $post_default_title will be used instead.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @global string $post_default_title Default XML-RPC post title.
 *
 * @param string $content XMLRPC XML Request content
 * @return string Post title
 */
function xmlrpc_getposttitle( $content ) {
	global $post_default_title;
	if ( preg_match( '/<title>(.+?)<\/title>/is', $content, $matchtitle ) ) {
		$post_title = $matchtitle[1];
	} else {
		$post_title = $post_default_title;
	}
	return $post_title;
}

/**
 * Retrieve the post category or categories from XMLRPC XML.
 *
 * If the category element is not found, then the default post category will be
 * used. The return type then would be what $post_default_category. If the
 * category is found, then it will always be an array.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @global string $post_default_category Default XML-RPC post category.
 *
 * @param string $content XMLRPC XML Request content
 * @return string|array List of categories or category name.
 */
function xmlrpc_getpostcategory( $content ) {
	global $post_default_category;
	if ( preg_match( '/<category>(.+?)<\/category>/is', $content, $matchcat ) ) {
		$post_category = trim( $matchcat[1], ',' );
		$post_category = explode( ',', $post_category );
	} else {
		$post_category = $post_default_category;
	}
	return $post_category;
}

/**
 * XMLRPC XML content without title and category elements.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @param string $content XML-RPC XML Request content.
 * @return string XMLRPC XML Request content without title and category elements.
 */
function xmlrpc_removepostdata( $content ) {
	$content = preg_replace( '/<title>(.+?)<\/title>/si', '', $content );
	$content = preg_replace( '/<category>(.+?)<\/category>/si', '', $content );
	$content = trim( $content );
	return $content;
}

/**
 * Use RegEx to extract URLs from arbitrary content.
 *
 * @since 3.7.0
 *
 * @param string $content Content to extract URLs from.
 * @return array URLs found in passed string.
 */
function wp_extract_urls( $content ) {
	preg_match_all(
		"#([\"']?)("
			. "(?:([\w-]+:)?//?)"
			. "[^\s()<>]+"
			. "[.]"
			. "(?:"
				. "\([\w\d]+\)|"
				. "(?:"
					. "[^`!()\[\]{};:'\".,<>«»“”‘’\s]|"
					. "(?:[:]\d+)?/?"
				. ")+"
			. ")"
		. ")\\1#",
		$content,
		$post_links
	);

	$post_links = array_unique( array_map( 'html_entity_decode', $post_links[2] ) );

	return array_values( $post_links );
}

/**
 * Check content for video and audio links to add as enclosures.
 *
 * Will not add enclosures that have already been added and will
 * remove enclosures that are no longer in the post. This is called as
 * pingbacks and trackbacks.
 *
 * @since 1.5.0
 *
 * @global wpdb $wpdb
 *
 * @param string $content Post Content.
 * @param int    $post_ID Post ID.
 */
function do_enclose( $content, $post_ID ) {
	global $wpdb;

	//TODO: Tidy this ghetto code up and make the debug code optional
	include_once( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/class-IXR.php' );

	$post_links = array();

	$pung = get_enclosed( $post_ID );

	$post_links_temp = wp_extract_urls( $content );

	foreach ( $pung as $link_test ) {
		if ( ! in_array( $link_test, $post_links_temp ) ) { // link no longer in post
			$mids = $wpdb->get_col( $wpdb->prepare("SELECT meta_id FROM $wpdb->postmeta WHERE post_id = %d AND meta_key = 'enclosure' AND meta_value LIKE %s", $post_ID, $wpdb->esc_like( $link_test ) . '%') );
			foreach ( $mids as $mid )
				delete_metadata_by_mid( 'post', $mid );
		}
	}

	foreach ( (array) $post_links_temp as $link_test ) {
		if ( !in_array( $link_test, $pung ) ) { // If we haven't pung it already
			$test = @parse_url( $link_test );
			if ( false === $test )
				continue;
			if ( isset( $test['query'] ) )
				$post_links[] = $link_test;
			elseif ( isset($test['path']) && ( $test['path'] != '/' ) &&  ($test['path'] != '' ) )
				$post_links[] = $link_test;
		}
	}

	foreach ( (array) $post_links as $url ) {
		if ( $url != '' && !$wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT post_id FROM $wpdb->postmeta WHERE post_id = %d AND meta_key = 'enclosure' AND meta_value LIKE %s", $post_ID, $wpdb->esc_like( $url ) . '%' ) ) ) {

			if ( $headers = wp_get_http_headers( $url) ) {
				$len = isset( $headers['content-length'] ) ? (int) $headers['content-length'] : 0;
				$type = isset( $headers['content-type'] ) ? $headers['content-type'] : '';
				$allowed_types = array( 'video', 'audio' );

				// Check to see if we can figure out the mime type from
				// the extension
				$url_parts = @parse_url( $url );
				if ( false !== $url_parts ) {
					$extension = pathinfo( $url_parts['path'], PATHINFO_EXTENSION );
					if ( !empty( $extension ) ) {
						foreach ( wp_get_mime_types() as $exts => $mime ) {
							if ( preg_match( '!^(' . $exts . ')$!i', $extension ) ) {
								$type = $mime;
								break;
							}
						}
					}
				}

				if ( in_array( substr( $type, 0, strpos( $type, "/" ) ), $allowed_types ) ) {
					add_post_meta( $post_ID, 'enclosure', "$url\n$len\n$mime\n" );
				}
			}
		}
	}
}

/**
 * Perform a HTTP HEAD or GET request.
 *
 * If $file_path is a writable filename, this will do a GET request and write
 * the file to that path.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @param string      $url       URL to fetch.
 * @param string|bool $file_path Optional. File path to write request to. Default false.
 * @param int         $red       Optional. The number of Redirects followed, Upon 5 being hit,
 *                               returns false. Default 1.
 * @return bool|string False on failure and string of headers if HEAD request.
 */
function wp_get_http( $url, $file_path = false, $red = 1 ) {
	@set_time_limit( 60 );

	if ( $red > 5 )
		return false;

	$options = array();
	$options['redirection'] = 5;

	if ( false == $file_path )
		$options['method'] = 'HEAD';
	else
		$options['method'] = 'GET';

	$response = wp_safe_remote_request( $url, $options );

	if ( is_wp_error( $response ) )
		return false;

	$headers = wp_remote_retrieve_headers( $response );
	$headers['response'] = wp_remote_retrieve_response_code( $response );

	// WP_HTTP no longer follows redirects for HEAD requests.
	if ( 'HEAD' == $options['method'] && in_array($headers['response'], array(301, 302)) && isset( $headers['location'] ) ) {
		return wp_get_http( $headers['location'], $file_path, ++$red );
	}

	if ( false == $file_path )
		return $headers;

	// GET request - write it to the supplied filename
	$out_fp = fopen($file_path, 'w');
	if ( !$out_fp )
		return $headers;

	fwrite( $out_fp,  wp_remote_retrieve_body( $response ) );
	fclose($out_fp);
	clearstatcache();

	return $headers;
}

/**
 * Retrieve HTTP Headers from URL.
 *
 * @since 1.5.1
 *
 * @param string $url        URL to retrieve HTTP headers from.
 * @param bool   $deprecated Not Used.
 * @return bool|string False on failure, headers on success.
 */
function wp_get_http_headers( $url, $deprecated = false ) {
	if ( !empty( $deprecated ) )
		_deprecated_argument( __FUNCTION__, '2.7' );

	$response = wp_safe_remote_head( $url );

	if ( is_wp_error( $response ) )
		return false;

	return wp_remote_retrieve_headers( $response );
}

/**
 * Whether the publish date of the current post in the loop is different from the
 * publish date of the previous post in the loop.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @global string $currentday  The day of the current post in the loop.
 * @global string $previousday The day of the previous post in the loop.
 *
 * @return int 1 when new day, 0 if not a new day.
 */
function is_new_day() {
	global $currentday, $previousday;
	if ( $currentday != $previousday )
		return 1;
	else
		return 0;
}

/**
 * Build URL query based on an associative and, or indexed array.
 *
 * This is a convenient function for easily building url queries. It sets the
 * separator to '&' and uses _http_build_query() function.
 *
 * @since 2.3.0
 *
 * @see _http_build_query() Used to build the query
 * @see http://us2.php.net/manual/en/function.http-build-query.php for more on what
 *		http_build_query() does.
 *
 * @param array $data URL-encode key/value pairs.
 * @return string URL-encoded string.
 */
function build_query( $data ) {
	return _http_build_query( $data, null, '&', '', false );
}

/**
 * From php.net (modified by Mark Jaquith to behave like the native PHP5 function).
 *
 * @since 3.2.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @see http://us1.php.net/manual/en/function.http-build-query.php
 *
 * @param array|object  $data       An array or object of data. Converted to array.
 * @param string        $prefix     Optional. Numeric index. If set, start parameter numbering with it.
 *                                  Default null.
 * @param string        $sep        Optional. Argument separator; defaults to 'arg_separator.output'.
 *                                  Default null.
 * @param string        $key        Optional. Used to prefix key name. Default empty.
 * @param bool          $urlencode  Optional. Whether to use urlencode() in the result. Default true.
 *
 * @return string The query string.
 */
function _http_build_query( $data, $prefix = null, $sep = null, $key = '', $urlencode = true ) {
	$ret = array();

	foreach ( (array) $data as $k => $v ) {
		if ( $urlencode)
			$k = urlencode($k);
		if ( is_int($k) && $prefix != null )
			$k = $prefix.$k;
		if ( !empty($key) )
			$k = $key . '%5B' . $k . '%5D';
		if ( $v === null )
			continue;
		elseif ( $v === false )
			$v = '0';

		if ( is_array($v) || is_object($v) )
			array_push($ret,_http_build_query($v, '', $sep, $k, $urlencode));
		elseif ( $urlencode )
			array_push($ret, $k.'='.urlencode($v));
		else
			array_push($ret, $k.'='.$v);
	}

	if ( null === $sep )
		$sep = ini_get('arg_separator.output');

	return implode($sep, $ret);
}

/**
 * Retrieve a modified URL query string.
 *
 * You can rebuild the URL and append a new query variable to the URL query by
 * using this function. You can also retrieve the full URL with query data.
 *
 * Adding a single key & value or an associative array. Setting a key value to
 * an empty string removes the key. Omitting oldquery_or_uri uses the $_SERVER
 * value. Additional values provided are expected to be encoded appropriately
 * with urlencode() or rawurlencode().
 *
 * @since 1.5.0
 *
 * @param string|array $param1 Either newkey or an associative_array.
 * @param string       $param2 Either newvalue or oldquery or URI.
 * @param string       $param3 Optional. Old query or URI.
 * @return string New URL query string.
 */
function add_query_arg() {
	$args = func_get_args();
	if ( is_array( $args[0] ) ) {
		if ( count( $args ) < 2 || false === $args[1] )
			$uri = $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'];
		else
			$uri = $args[1];
	} else {
		if ( count( $args ) < 3 || false === $args[2] )
			$uri = $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'];
		else
			$uri = $args[2];
	}

	if ( $frag = strstr( $uri, '#' ) )
		$uri = substr( $uri, 0, -strlen( $frag ) );
	else
		$frag = '';

	if ( 0 === stripos( $uri, 'http://' ) ) {
		$protocol = 'http://';
		$uri = substr( $uri, 7 );
	} elseif ( 0 === stripos( $uri, 'https://' ) ) {
		$protocol = 'https://';
		$uri = substr( $uri, 8 );
	} else {
		$protocol = '';
	}

	if ( strpos( $uri, '?' ) !== false ) {
		list( $base, $query ) = explode( '?', $uri, 2 );
		$base .= '?';
	} elseif ( $protocol || strpos( $uri, '=' ) === false ) {
		$base = $uri . '?';
		$query = '';
	} else {
		$base = '';
		$query = $uri;
	}

	wp_parse_str( $query, $qs );
	$qs = urlencode_deep( $qs ); // this re-URL-encodes things that were already in the query string
	if ( is_array( $args[0] ) ) {
		foreach ( $args[0] as $k => $v ) {
			$qs[ $k ] = $v;
		}
	} else {
		$qs[ $args[0] ] = $args[1];
	}

	foreach ( $qs as $k => $v ) {
		if ( $v === false )
			unset( $qs[$k] );
	}

	$ret = build_query( $qs );
	$ret = trim( $ret, '?' );
	$ret = preg_replace( '#=(&|$)#', '$1', $ret );
	$ret = $protocol . $base . $ret . $frag;
	$ret = rtrim( $ret, '?' );
	return $ret;
}

/**
 * Removes an item or list from the query string.
 *
 * @since 1.5.0
 *
 * @param string|array $key   Query key or keys to remove.
 * @param bool|string  $query Optional. When false uses the $_SERVER value. Default false.
 * @return string New URL query string.
 */
function remove_query_arg( $key, $query = false ) {
	if ( is_array( $key ) ) { // removing multiple keys
		foreach ( $key as $k )
			$query = add_query_arg( $k, false, $query );
		return $query;
	}
	return add_query_arg( $key, false, $query );
}

/**
 * Walks the array while sanitizing the contents.
 *
 * @since 0.71
 *
 * @param array $array Array to walk while sanitizing contents.
 * @return array Sanitized $array.
 */
function add_magic_quotes( $array ) {
	foreach ( (array) $array as $k => $v ) {
		if ( is_array( $v ) ) {
			$array[$k] = add_magic_quotes( $v );
		} else {
			$array[$k] = addslashes( $v );
		}
	}
	return $array;
}

/**
 * HTTP request for URI to retrieve content.
 *
 * @since 1.5.1
 *
 * @see wp_safe_remote_get()
 *
 * @param string $uri URI/URL of web page to retrieve.
 * @return false|string HTTP content. False on failure.
 */
function wp_remote_fopen( $uri ) {
	$parsed_url = @parse_url( $uri );

	if ( !$parsed_url || !is_array( $parsed_url ) )
		return false;

	$options = array();
	$options['timeout'] = 10;

	$response = wp_safe_remote_get( $uri, $options );

	if ( is_wp_error( $response ) )
		return false;

	return wp_remote_retrieve_body( $response );
}

/**
 * Set up the WordPress query.
 *
 * @since 2.0.0
 *
 * @global WP       $wp_locale
 * @global WP_Query $wp_query
 * @global WP_Query $wp_the_query
 *
 * @param string|array $query_vars Default WP_Query arguments.
 */
function wp( $query_vars = '' ) {
	global $wp, $wp_query, $wp_the_query;
	$wp->main( $query_vars );

	if ( !isset($wp_the_query) )
		$wp_the_query = $wp_query;
}

/**
 * Retrieve the description for the HTTP status.
 *
 * @since 2.3.0
 *
 * @global array $wp_header_to_desc
 *
 * @param int $code HTTP status code.
 * @return string Empty string if not found, or description if found.
 */
function get_status_header_desc( $code ) {
	global $wp_header_to_desc;

	$code = absint( $code );

	if ( !isset( $wp_header_to_desc ) ) {
		$wp_header_to_desc = array(
			100 => 'Continue',
			101 => 'Switching Protocols',
			102 => 'Processing',

			200 => 'OK',
			201 => 'Created',
			202 => 'Accepted',
			203 => 'Non-Authoritative Information',
			204 => 'No Content',
			205 => 'Reset Content',
			206 => 'Partial Content',
			207 => 'Multi-Status',
			226 => 'IM Used',

			300 => 'Multiple Choices',
			301 => 'Moved Permanently',
			302 => 'Found',
			303 => 'See Other',
			304 => 'Not Modified',
			305 => 'Use Proxy',
			306 => 'Reserved',
			307 => 'Temporary Redirect',

			400 => 'Bad Request',
			401 => 'Unauthorized',
			402 => 'Payment Required',
			403 => 'Forbidden',
			404 => 'Not Found',
			405 => 'Method Not Allowed',
			406 => 'Not Acceptable',
			407 => 'Proxy Authentication Required',
			408 => 'Request Timeout',
			409 => 'Conflict',
			410 => 'Gone',
			411 => 'Length Required',
			412 => 'Precondition Failed',
			413 => 'Request Entity Too Large',
			414 => 'Request-URI Too Long',
			415 => 'Unsupported Media Type',
			416 => 'Requested Range Not Satisfiable',
			417 => 'Expectation Failed',
			418 => 'I\'m a teapot',
			422 => 'Unprocessable Entity',
			423 => 'Locked',
			424 => 'Failed Dependency',
			426 => 'Upgrade Required',
			428 => 'Precondition Required',
			429 => 'Too Many Requests',
			431 => 'Request Header Fields Too Large',

			500 => 'Internal Server Error',
			501 => 'Not Implemented',
			502 => 'Bad Gateway',
			503 => 'Service Unavailable',
			504 => 'Gateway Timeout',
			505 => 'HTTP Version Not Supported',
			506 => 'Variant Also Negotiates',
			507 => 'Insufficient Storage',
			510 => 'Not Extended',
			511 => 'Network Authentication Required',
		);
	}

	if ( isset( $wp_header_to_desc[$code] ) )
		return $wp_header_to_desc[$code];
	else
		return '';
}

/**
 * Set HTTP status header.
 *
 * @since 2.0.0
 *
 * @see get_status_header_desc()
 *
 * @param int $code HTTP status code.
 */
function status_header( $code ) {
	$description = get_status_header_desc( $code );

	if ( empty( $description ) )
		return;

	$protocol = $_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL'];
	if ( 'HTTP/1.1' != $protocol && 'HTTP/1.0' != $protocol )
		$protocol = 'HTTP/1.0';
	$status_header = "$protocol $code $description";
	if ( function_exists( 'apply_filters' ) )

		/**
		 * Filter an HTTP status header.
		 *
		 * @since 2.2.0
		 *
		 * @param string $status_header HTTP status header.
		 * @param int    $code          HTTP status code.
		 * @param string $description   Description for the status code.
		 * @param string $protocol      Server protocol.
		 */
		$status_header = apply_filters( 'status_header', $status_header, $code, $description, $protocol );

	@header( $status_header, true, $code );
}

/**
 * Get the header information to prevent caching.
 *
 * The several different headers cover the different ways cache prevention
 * is handled by different browsers
 *
 * @since 2.8.0
 *
 * @return array The associative array of header names and field values.
 */
function wp_get_nocache_headers() {
	$headers = array(
		'Expires' => 'Wed, 11 Jan 1984 05:00:00 GMT',
		'Cache-Control' => 'no-cache, must-revalidate, max-age=0',
		'Pragma' => 'no-cache',
	);

	if ( function_exists('apply_filters') ) {
		/**
		 * Filter the cache-controlling headers.
		 *
		 * @since 2.8.0
		 *
		 * @see wp_get_nocache_headers()
		 *
		 * @param array $headers {
		 *     Header names and field values.
		 *
		 *     @type string $Expires       Expires header.
		 *     @type string $Cache-Control Cache-Control header.
		 *     @type string $Pragma        Pragma header.
		 * }
		 */
		$headers = (array) apply_filters( 'nocache_headers', $headers );
	}
	$headers['Last-Modified'] = false;
	return $headers;
}

/**
 * Set the headers to prevent caching for the different browsers.
 *
 * Different browsers support different nocache headers, so several
 * headers must be sent so that all of them get the point that no
 * caching should occur.
 *
 * @since 2.0.0
 *
 * @see wp_get_nocache_headers()
 */
function nocache_headers() {
	$headers = wp_get_nocache_headers();

	unset( $headers['Last-Modified'] );

	// In PHP 5.3+, make sure we are not sending a Last-Modified header.
	if ( function_exists( 'header_remove' ) ) {
		@header_remove( 'Last-Modified' );
	} else {
		// In PHP 5.2, send an empty Last-Modified header, but only as a
		// last resort to override a header already sent. #WP23021
		foreach ( headers_list() as $header ) {
			if ( 0 === stripos( $header, 'Last-Modified' ) ) {
				$headers['Last-Modified'] = '';
				break;
			}
		}
	}

	foreach( $headers as $name => $field_value )
		@header("{$name}: {$field_value}");
}

/**
 * Set the headers for caching for 10 days with JavaScript content type.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
function cache_javascript_headers() {
	$expiresOffset = 10 * DAY_IN_SECONDS;

	header( "Content-Type: text/javascript; charset=" . get_bloginfo( 'charset' ) );
	header( "Vary: Accept-Encoding" ); // Handle proxies
	header( "Expires: " . gmdate( "D, d M Y H:i:s", time() + $expiresOffset ) . " GMT" );
}

/**
 * Retrieve the number of database queries during the WordPress execution.
 *
 * @since 2.0.0
 *
 * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
 *
 * @return int Number of database queries.
 */
function get_num_queries() {
	global $wpdb;
	return $wpdb->num_queries;
}

/**
 * Whether input is yes or no.
 *
 * Must be 'y' to be true.
 *
 * @since 1.0.0
 *
 * @param string $yn Character string containing either 'y' (yes) or 'n' (no).
 * @return bool True if yes, false on anything else.
 */
function bool_from_yn( $yn ) {
	return ( strtolower( $yn ) == 'y' );
}

/**
 * Load the feed template from the use of an action hook.
 *
 * If the feed action does not have a hook, then the function will die with a
 * message telling the visitor that the feed is not valid.
 *
 * It is better to only have one hook for each feed.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 *
 * @global WP_Query $wp_query Used to tell if the use a comment feed.
 */
function do_feed() {
	global $wp_query;

	$feed = get_query_var( 'feed' );

	// Remove the pad, if present.
	$feed = preg_replace( '/^_+/', '', $feed );

	if ( $feed == '' || $feed == 'feed' )
		$feed = get_default_feed();

	$hook = 'do_feed_' . $feed;
	if ( ! has_action( $hook ) )
		wp_die( __( 'ERROR: This is not a valid feed template.' ), '', array( 'response' => 404 ) );

	/**
	 * Fires once the given feed is loaded.
	 *
	 * The dynamic hook name, $hook, refers to the feed name.
	 *
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 *
	 * @param bool $is_comment_feed Whether the feed is a comment feed.
	 */
	do_action( $hook, $wp_query->is_comment_feed );
}

/**
 * Load the RDF RSS 0.91 Feed template.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 *
 * @see load_template()
 */
function do_feed_rdf() {
	load_template( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/feed-rdf.php' );
}

/**
 * Load the RSS 1.0 Feed Template.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 *
 * @see load_template()
 */
function do_feed_rss() {
	load_template( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/feed-rss.php' );
}

/**
 * Load either the RSS2 comment feed or the RSS2 posts feed.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 *
 * @see load_template()
 *
 * @param bool $for_comments True for the comment feed, false for normal feed.
 */
function do_feed_rss2( $for_comments ) {
	if ( $for_comments )
		load_template( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/feed-rss2-comments.php' );
	else
		load_template( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/feed-rss2.php' );
}

/**
 * Load either Atom comment feed or Atom posts feed.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 *
 * @see load_template()
 *
 * @param bool $for_comments True for the comment feed, false for normal feed.
 */
function do_feed_atom( $for_comments ) {
	if ($for_comments)
		load_template( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/feed-atom-comments.php');
	else
		load_template( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/feed-atom.php' );
}

/**
 * Display the robots.txt file content.
 *
 * The echo content should be with usage of the permalinks or for creating the
 * robots.txt file.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
function do_robots() {
	header( 'Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8' );

	/**
	 * Fires when displaying the robots.txt file.
	 *
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 */
	do_action( 'do_robotstxt' );

	$output = "User-agent: *\n";
	$public = get_option( 'blog_public' );
	if ( '0' == $public ) {
		$output .= "Disallow: /\n";
	} else {
		$site_url = parse_url( site_url() );
		$path = ( !empty( $site_url['path'] ) ) ? $site_url['path'] : '';
		$output .= "Disallow: $path/wp-admin/\n";
	}

	/**
	 * Filter the robots.txt output.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param string $output Robots.txt output.
	 * @param bool   $public Whether the site is considered "public".
	 */
	echo apply_filters( 'robots_txt', $output, $public );
}

/**
 * Test whether blog is already installed.
 *
 * The cache will be checked first. If you have a cache plugin, which saves
 * the cache values, then this will work. If you use the default WordPress
 * cache, and the database goes away, then you might have problems.
 *
 * Checks for the 'siteurl' option for whether WordPress is installed.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 *
 * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
 *
 * @return bool Whether the blog is already installed.
 */
function is_blog_installed() {
	global $wpdb;

	/*
	 * Check cache first. If options table goes away and we have true
	 * cached, oh well.
	 */
	if ( wp_cache_get( 'is_blog_installed' ) )
		return true;

	$suppress = $wpdb->suppress_errors();
	if ( ! defined( 'WP_INSTALLING' ) ) {
		$alloptions = wp_load_alloptions();
	}
	// If siteurl is not set to autoload, check it specifically
	if ( !isset( $alloptions['siteurl'] ) )
		$installed = $wpdb->get_var( "SELECT option_value FROM $wpdb->options WHERE option_name = 'siteurl'" );
	else
		$installed = $alloptions['siteurl'];
	$wpdb->suppress_errors( $suppress );

	$installed = !empty( $installed );
	wp_cache_set( 'is_blog_installed', $installed );

	if ( $installed )
		return true;

	// If visiting repair.php, return true and let it take over.
	if ( defined( 'WP_REPAIRING' ) )
		return true;

	$suppress = $wpdb->suppress_errors();

	/*
	 * Loop over the WP tables. If none exist, then scratch install is allowed.
	 * If one or more exist, suggest table repair since we got here because the
	 * options table could not be accessed.
	 */
	$wp_tables = $wpdb->tables();
	foreach ( $wp_tables as $table ) {
		// The existence of custom user tables shouldn't suggest an insane state or prevent a clean install.
		if ( defined( 'CUSTOM_USER_TABLE' ) && CUSTOM_USER_TABLE == $table )
			continue;
		if ( defined( 'CUSTOM_USER_META_TABLE' ) && CUSTOM_USER_META_TABLE == $table )
			continue;

		if ( ! $wpdb->get_results( "DESCRIBE $table;" ) )
			continue;

		// One or more tables exist. We are insane.

		wp_load_translations_early();

		// Die with a DB error.
		$wpdb->error = sprintf( __( 'One or more database tables are unavailable. The database may need to be <a href="%s">repaired</a>.' ), 'maint/repair.php?referrer=is_blog_installed' );
		dead_db();
	}

	$wpdb->suppress_errors( $suppress );

	wp_cache_set( 'is_blog_installed', false );

	return false;
}

/**
 * Retrieve URL with nonce added to URL query.
 *
 * @since 2.0.4
 *
 * @param string     $actionurl URL to add nonce action.
 * @param int|string $action    Optional. Nonce action name. Default -1.
 * @param string     $name      Optional. Nonce name. Default '_wpnonce'.
 * @return string Escaped URL with nonce action added.
 */
function wp_nonce_url( $actionurl, $action = -1, $name = '_wpnonce' ) {
	$actionurl = str_replace( '&amp;', '&', $actionurl );
	return esc_html( add_query_arg( $name, wp_create_nonce( $action ), $actionurl ) );
}

/**
 * Retrieve or display nonce hidden field for forms.
 *
 * The nonce field is used to validate that the contents of the form came from
 * the location on the current site and not somewhere else. The nonce does not
 * offer absolute protection, but should protect against most cases. It is very
 * important to use nonce field in forms.
 *
 * The $action and $name are optional, but if you want to have better security,
 * it is strongly suggested to set those two parameters. It is easier to just
 * call the function without any parameters, because validation of the nonce
 * doesn't require any parameters, but since crackers know what the default is
 * it won't be difficult for them to find a way around your nonce and cause
 * damage.
 *
 * The input name will be whatever $name value you gave. The input value will be
 * the nonce creation value.
 *
 * @since 2.0.4
 *
 * @param int|string $action  Optional. Action name. Default -1.
 * @param string     $name    Optional. Nonce name. Default '_wpnonce'.
 * @param bool       $referer Optional. Whether to set the referer field for validation. Default true.
 * @param bool       $echo    Optional. Whether to display or return hidden form field. Default true.
 * @return string Nonce field HTML markup.
 */
function wp_nonce_field( $action = -1, $name = "_wpnonce", $referer = true , $echo = true ) {
	$name = esc_attr( $name );
	$nonce_field = '<input type="hidden" id="' . $name . '" name="' . $name . '" value="' . wp_create_nonce( $action ) . '" />';

	if ( $referer )
		$nonce_field .= wp_referer_field( false );

	if ( $echo )
		echo $nonce_field;

	return $nonce_field;
}

/**
 * Retrieve or display referer hidden field for forms.
 *
 * The referer link is the current Request URI from the server super global. The
 * input name is '_wp_http_referer', in case you wanted to check manually.
 *
 * @since 2.0.4
 *
 * @param bool $echo Optional. Whether to echo or return the referer field. Default true.
 * @return string Referer field HTML markup.
 */
function wp_referer_field( $echo = true ) {
	$referer_field = '<input type="hidden" name="_wp_http_referer" value="'. esc_attr( wp_unslash( $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'] ) ) . '" />';

	if ( $echo )
		echo $referer_field;
	return $referer_field;
}

/**
 * Retrieve or display original referer hidden field for forms.
 *
 * The input name is '_wp_original_http_referer' and will be either the same
 * value of wp_referer_field(), if that was posted already or it will be the
 * current page, if it doesn't exist.
 *
 * @since 2.0.4
 *
 * @param bool   $echo         Optional. Whether to echo the original http referer. Default true.
 * @param string $jump_back_to Optional. Can be 'previous' or page you want to jump back to.
 *                             Default 'current'.
 * @return string Original referer field.
 */
function wp_original_referer_field( $echo = true, $jump_back_to = 'current' ) {
	if ( ! $ref = wp_get_original_referer() ) {
		$ref = 'previous' == $jump_back_to ? wp_get_referer() : wp_unslash( $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'] );
	}
	$orig_referer_field = '<input type="hidden" name="_wp_original_http_referer" value="' . esc_attr( $ref ) . '" />';
	if ( $echo )
		echo $orig_referer_field;
	return $orig_referer_field;
}

/**
 * Retrieve referer from '_wp_http_referer' or HTTP referer.
 *
 * If it's the same as the current request URL, will return false.
 *
 * @since 2.0.4
 *
 * @return false|string False on failure. Referer URL on success.
 */
function wp_get_referer() {
	if ( ! function_exists( 'wp_validate_redirect' ) )
		return false;
	$ref = false;
	if ( ! empty( $_REQUEST['_wp_http_referer'] ) )
		$ref = wp_unslash( $_REQUEST['_wp_http_referer'] );
	elseif ( ! empty( $_SERVER['HTTP_REFERER'] ) )
		$ref = wp_unslash( $_SERVER['HTTP_REFERER'] );

	if ( $ref && $ref !== wp_unslash( $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'] ) )
		return wp_validate_redirect( $ref, false );
	return false;
}

/**
 * Retrieve original referer that was posted, if it exists.
 *
 * @since 2.0.4
 *
 * @return string|false False if no original referer or original referer if set.
 */
function wp_get_original_referer() {
	if ( ! empty( $_REQUEST['_wp_original_http_referer'] ) && function_exists( 'wp_validate_redirect' ) )
		return wp_validate_redirect( wp_unslash( $_REQUEST['_wp_original_http_referer'] ), false );
	return false;
}

/**
 * Recursive directory creation based on full path.
 *
 * Will attempt to set permissions on folders.
 *
 * @since 2.0.1
 *
 * @param string $target Full path to attempt to create.
 * @return bool Whether the path was created. True if path already exists.
 */
function wp_mkdir_p( $target ) {
	$wrapper = null;

	// Strip the protocol.
	if ( wp_is_stream( $target ) ) {
		list( $wrapper, $target ) = explode( '://', $target, 2 );
	}

	// From php.net/mkdir user contributed notes.
	$target = str_replace( '//', '/', $target );

	// Put the wrapper back on the target.
	if ( $wrapper !== null ) {
		$target = $wrapper . '://' . $target;
	}

	/*
	 * Safe mode fails with a trailing slash under certain PHP versions.
	 * Use rtrim() instead of untrailingslashit to avoid formatting.php dependency.
	 */
	$target = rtrim($target, '/');
	if ( empty($target) )
		$target = '/';

	if ( file_exists( $target ) )
		return @is_dir( $target );

	// We need to find the permissions of the parent folder that exists and inherit that.
	$target_parent = dirname( $target );
	while ( '.' != $target_parent && ! is_dir( $target_parent ) ) {
		$target_parent = dirname( $target_parent );
	}

	// Get the permission bits.
	if ( $stat = @stat( $target_parent ) ) {
		$dir_perms = $stat['mode'] & 0007777;
	} else {
		$dir_perms = 0777;
	}

	if ( @mkdir( $target, $dir_perms, true ) ) {

		/*
		 * If a umask is set that modifies $dir_perms, we'll have to re-set
		 * the $dir_perms correctly with chmod()
		 */
		if ( $dir_perms != ( $dir_perms & ~umask() ) ) {
			$folder_parts = explode( '/', substr( $target, strlen( $target_parent ) + 1 ) );
			for ( $i = 1, $c = count( $folder_parts ); $i <= $c; $i++ ) {
				@chmod( $target_parent . '/' . implode( '/', array_slice( $folder_parts, 0, $i ) ), $dir_perms );
			}
		}

		return true;
	}

	return false;
}

/**
 * Test if a give filesystem path is absolute.
 *
 * For example, '/foo/bar', or 'c:\windows'.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @param string $path File path.
 * @return bool True if path is absolute, false is not absolute.
 */
function path_is_absolute( $path ) {
	/*
	 * This is definitive if true but fails if $path does not exist or contains
	 * a symbolic link.
	 */
	if ( realpath($path) == $path )
		return true;

	if ( strlen($path) == 0 || $path[0] == '.' )
		return false;

	// Windows allows absolute paths like this.
	if ( preg_match('#^[a-zA-Z]:\\\\#', $path) )
		return true;

	// A path starting with / or \ is absolute; anything else is relative.
	return ( $path[0] == '/' || $path[0] == '\\' );
}

/**
 * Join two filesystem paths together.
 *
 * For example, 'give me $path relative to $base'. If the $path is absolute,
 * then it the full path is returned.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @param string $base Base path.
 * @param string $path Path relative to $base.
 * @return string The path with the base or absolute path.
 */
function path_join( $base, $path ) {
	if ( path_is_absolute($path) )
		return $path;

	return rtrim($base, '/') . '/' . ltrim($path, '/');
}

/**
 * Normalize a filesystem path.
 *
 * Replaces backslashes with forward slashes for Windows systems, and ensures
 * no duplicate slashes exist.
 *
 * @since 3.9.0
 *
 * @param string $path Path to normalize.
 * @return string Normalized path.
 */
function wp_normalize_path( $path ) {
	$path = str_replace( '\\', '/', $path );
	$path = preg_replace( '|/+|','/', $path );
	return $path;
}

/**
 * Determine a writable directory for temporary files.
 *
 * Function's preference is the return value of sys_get_temp_dir(),
 * followed by your PHP temporary upload directory, followed by WP_CONTENT_DIR,
 * before finally defaulting to /tmp/
 *
 * In the event that this function does not find a writable location,
 * It may be overridden by the WP_TEMP_DIR constant in your wp-config.php file.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @staticvar string $temp
 *
 * @return string Writable temporary directory.
 */
function get_temp_dir() {
	static $temp = '';
	if ( defined('WP_TEMP_DIR') )
		return trailingslashit(WP_TEMP_DIR);

	if ( $temp )
		return trailingslashit( $temp );

	if ( function_exists('sys_get_temp_dir') ) {
		$temp = sys_get_temp_dir();
		if ( @is_dir( $temp ) && wp_is_writable( $temp ) )
			return trailingslashit( $temp );
	}

	$temp = ini_get('upload_tmp_dir');
	if ( @is_dir( $temp ) && wp_is_writable( $temp ) )
		return trailingslashit( $temp );

	$temp = WP_CONTENT_DIR . '/';
	if ( is_dir( $temp ) && wp_is_writable( $temp ) )
		return $temp;

	return '/tmp/';
}

/**
 * Determine if a directory is writable.
 *
 * This function is used to work around certain ACL issues in PHP primarily
 * affecting Windows Servers.
 *
 * @since 3.6.0
 *
 * @see win_is_writable()
 *
 * @param string $path Path to check for write-ability.
 * @return bool Whether the path is writable.
 */
function wp_is_writable( $path ) {
	if ( 'WIN' === strtoupper( substr( PHP_OS, 0, 3 ) ) )
		return win_is_writable( $path );
	else
		return @is_writable( $path );
}

/**
 * Workaround for Windows bug in is_writable() function
 *
 * PHP has issues with Windows ACL's for determine if a
 * directory is writable or not, this works around them by
 * checking the ability to open files rather than relying
 * upon PHP to interprate the OS ACL.
 *
 * @since 2.8.0
 *
 * @see http://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=27609
 * @see http://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=30931
 *
 * @param string $path Windows path to check for write-ability.
 * @return bool Whether the path is writable.
 */
function win_is_writable( $path ) {

	if ( $path[strlen( $path ) - 1] == '/' ) { // if it looks like a directory, check a random file within the directory
		return win_is_writable( $path . uniqid( mt_rand() ) . '.tmp');
	} elseif ( is_dir( $path ) ) { // If it's a directory (and not a file) check a random file within the directory
		return win_is_writable( $path . '/' . uniqid( mt_rand() ) . '.tmp' );
	}
	// check tmp file for read/write capabilities
	$should_delete_tmp_file = !file_exists( $path );
	$f = @fopen( $path, 'a' );
	if ( $f === false )
		return false;
	fclose( $f );
	if ( $should_delete_tmp_file )
		unlink( $path );
	return true;
}

/**
 * Get an array containing the current upload directory's path and url.
 *
 * Checks the 'upload_path' option, which should be from the web root folder,
 * and if it isn't empty it will be used. If it is empty, then the path will be
 * 'WP_CONTENT_DIR/uploads'. If the 'UPLOADS' constant is defined, then it will
 * override the 'upload_path' option and 'WP_CONTENT_DIR/uploads' path.
 *
 * The upload URL path is set either by the 'upload_url_path' option or by using
 * the 'WP_CONTENT_URL' constant and appending '/uploads' to the path.
 *
 * If the 'uploads_use_yearmonth_folders' is set to true (checkbox if checked in
 * the administration settings panel), then the time will be used. The format
 * will be year first and then month.
 *
 * If the path couldn't be created, then an error will be returned with the key
 * 'error' containing the error message. The error suggests that the parent
 * directory is not writable by the server.
 *
 * On success, the returned array will have many indices:
 * 'path' - base directory and sub directory or full path to upload directory.
 * 'url' - base url and sub directory or absolute URL to upload directory.
 * 'subdir' - sub directory if uploads use year/month folders option is on.
 * 'basedir' - path without subdir.
 * 'baseurl' - URL path without subdir.
 * 'error' - set to false.
 *
 * @since 2.0.0
 *
 * @param string $time Optional. Time formatted in 'yyyy/mm'. Default null.
 * @return array See above for description.
 */
function wp_upload_dir( $time = null ) {
	$siteurl = get_option( 'siteurl' );
	$upload_path = trim( get_option( 'upload_path' ) );

	if ( empty( $upload_path ) || 'wp-content/uploads' == $upload_path ) {
		$dir = WP_CONTENT_DIR . '/uploads';
	} elseif ( 0 !== strpos( $upload_path, ABSPATH ) ) {
		// $dir is absolute, $upload_path is (maybe) relative to ABSPATH
		$dir = path_join( ABSPATH, $upload_path );
	} else {
		$dir = $upload_path;
	}

	if ( !$url = get_option( 'upload_url_path' ) ) {
		if ( empty($upload_path) || ( 'wp-content/uploads' == $upload_path ) || ( $upload_path == $dir ) )
			$url = WP_CONTENT_URL . '/uploads';
		else
			$url = trailingslashit( $siteurl ) . $upload_path;
	}

	/*
	 * Honor the value of UPLOADS. This happens as long as ms-files rewriting is disabled.
	 * We also sometimes obey UPLOADS when rewriting is enabled -- see the next block.
	 */
	if ( defined( 'UPLOADS' ) && ! ( is_multisite() && get_site_option( 'ms_files_rewriting' ) ) ) {
		$dir = ABSPATH . UPLOADS;
		$url = trailingslashit( $siteurl ) . UPLOADS;
	}

	// If multisite (and if not the main site in a post-MU network)
	if ( is_multisite() && ! ( is_main_network() && is_main_site() && defined( 'MULTISITE' ) ) ) {

		if ( ! get_site_option( 'ms_files_rewriting' ) ) {
			/*
			 * If ms-files rewriting is disabled (networks created post-3.5), it is fairly
			 * straightforward: Append sites/%d if we're not on the main site (for post-MU
			 * networks). (The extra directory prevents a four-digit ID from conflicting with
			 * a year-based directory for the main site. But if a MU-era network has disabled
			 * ms-files rewriting manually, they don't need the extra directory, as they never
			 * had wp-content/uploads for the main site.)
			 */

			if ( defined( 'MULTISITE' ) )
				$ms_dir = '/sites/' . get_current_blog_id();
			else
				$ms_dir = '/' . get_current_blog_id();

			$dir .= $ms_dir;
			$url .= $ms_dir;

		} elseif ( defined( 'UPLOADS' ) && ! ms_is_switched() ) {
			/*
			 * Handle the old-form ms-files.php rewriting if the network still has that enabled.
			 * When ms-files rewriting is enabled, then we only listen to UPLOADS when:
			 * 1) We are not on the main site in a post-MU network, as wp-content/uploads is used
			 *    there, and
			 * 2) We are not switched, as ms_upload_constants() hardcodes these constants to reflect
			 *    the original blog ID.
			 *
			 * Rather than UPLOADS, we actually use BLOGUPLOADDIR if it is set, as it is absolute.
			 * (And it will be set, see ms_upload_constants().) Otherwise, UPLOADS can be used, as
			 * as it is relative to ABSPATH. For the final piece: when UPLOADS is used with ms-files
			 * rewriting in multisite, the resulting URL is /files. (#WP22702 for background.)
			 */

			if ( defined( 'BLOGUPLOADDIR' ) )
				$dir = untrailingslashit( BLOGUPLOADDIR );
			else
				$dir = ABSPATH . UPLOADS;
			$url = trailingslashit( $siteurl ) . 'files';
		}
	}

	$basedir = $dir;
	$baseurl = $url;

	$subdir = '';
	if ( get_option( 'uploads_use_yearmonth_folders' ) ) {
		// Generate the yearly and monthly dirs
		if ( !$time )
			$time = current_time( 'mysql' );
		$y = substr( $time, 0, 4 );
		$m = substr( $time, 5, 2 );
		$subdir = "/$y/$m";
	}

	$dir .= $subdir;
	$url .= $subdir;

	/**
	 * Filter the uploads directory data.
	 *
	 * @since 2.0.0
	 *
	 * @param array $uploads Array of upload directory data with keys of 'path',
	 *                       'url', 'subdir, 'basedir', and 'error'.
	 */
	$uploads = apply_filters( 'upload_dir',
		array(
			'path'    => $dir,
			'url'     => $url,
			'subdir'  => $subdir,
			'basedir' => $basedir,
			'baseurl' => $baseurl,
			'error'   => false,
		) );

	// Make sure we have an uploads directory.
	if ( ! wp_mkdir_p( $uploads['path'] ) ) {
		if ( 0 === strpos( $uploads['basedir'], ABSPATH ) )
			$error_path = str_replace( ABSPATH, '', $uploads['basedir'] ) . $uploads['subdir'];
		else
			$error_path = basename( $uploads['basedir'] ) . $uploads['subdir'];

		$message = sprintf( __( 'Unable to create directory %s. Is its parent directory writable by the server?' ), $error_path );
		$uploads['error'] = $message;
	}

	return $uploads;
}

/**
 * Get a filename that is sanitized and unique for the given directory.
 *
 * If the filename is not unique, then a number will be added to the filename
 * before the extension, and will continue adding numbers until the filename is
 * unique.
 *
 * The callback is passed three parameters, the first one is the directory, the
 * second is the filename, and the third is the extension.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @param string   $dir                      Directory.
 * @param string   $filename                 File name.
 * @param callback $unique_filename_callback Callback. Default null.
 * @return string New filename, if given wasn't unique.
 */
function wp_unique_filename( $dir, $filename, $unique_filename_callback = null ) {
	// Sanitize the file name before we begin processing.
	$filename = sanitize_file_name($filename);

	// Separate the filename into a name and extension.
	$info = pathinfo($filename);
	$ext = !empty($info['extension']) ? '.' . $info['extension'] : '';
	$name = basename($filename, $ext);

	// Edge case: if file is named '.ext', treat as an empty name.
	if ( $name === $ext )
		$name = '';

	/*
	 * Increment the file number until we have a unique file to save in $dir.
	 * Use callback if supplied.
	 */
	if ( $unique_filename_callback && is_callable( $unique_filename_callback ) ) {
		$filename = call_user_func( $unique_filename_callback, $dir, $name, $ext );
	} else {
		$number = '';

		// Change '.ext' to lower case.
		if ( $ext && strtolower($ext) != $ext ) {
			$ext2 = strtolower($ext);
			$filename2 = preg_replace( '|' . preg_quote($ext) . '$|', $ext2, $filename );

			// Check for both lower and upper case extension or image sub-sizes may be overwritten.
			while ( file_exists($dir . "/$filename") || file_exists($dir . "/$filename2") ) {
				$new_number = $number + 1;
				$filename = str_replace( "$number$ext", "$new_number$ext", $filename );
				$filename2 = str_replace( "$number$ext2", "$new_number$ext2", $filename2 );
				$number = $new_number;
			}
			return $filename2;
		}

		while ( file_exists( $dir . "/$filename" ) ) {
			if ( '' == "$number$ext" )
				$filename = $filename . ++$number . $ext;
			else
				$filename = str_replace( "$number$ext", ++$number . $ext, $filename );
		}
	}

	return $filename;
}

/**
 * Create a file in the upload folder with given content.
 *
 * If there is an error, then the key 'error' will exist with the error message.
 * If success, then the key 'file' will have the unique file path, the 'url' key
 * will have the link to the new file. and the 'error' key will be set to false.
 *
 * This function will not move an uploaded file to the upload folder. It will
 * create a new file with the content in $bits parameter. If you move the upload
 * file, read the content of the uploaded file, and then you can give the
 * filename and content to this function, which will add it to the upload
 * folder.
 *
 * The permissions will be set on the new file automatically by this function.
 *
 * @since 2.0.0
 *
 * @param string       $name       Filename.
 * @param null|string  $deprecated Never used. Set to null.
 * @param mixed        $bits       File content
 * @param string       $time       Optional. Time formatted in 'yyyy/mm'. Default null.
 * @return array
 */
function wp_upload_bits( $name, $deprecated, $bits, $time = null ) {
	if ( !empty( $deprecated ) )
		_deprecated_argument( __FUNCTION__, '2.0' );

	if ( empty( $name ) )
		return array( 'error' => __( 'Empty filename' ) );

	$wp_filetype = wp_check_filetype( $name );
	if ( ! $wp_filetype['ext'] && ! current_user_can( 'unfiltered_upload' ) )
		return array( 'error' => __( 'Invalid file type' ) );

	$upload = wp_upload_dir( $time );

	if ( $upload['error'] !== false )
		return $upload;

	/**
	 * Filter whether to treat the upload bits as an error.
	 *
	 * Passing a non-array to the filter will effectively short-circuit preparing
	 * the upload bits, returning that value instead.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param mixed $upload_bits_error An array of upload bits data, or a non-array error to return.
	 */
	$upload_bits_error = apply_filters( 'wp_upload_bits', array( 'name' => $name, 'bits' => $bits, 'time' => $time ) );
	if ( !is_array( $upload_bits_error ) ) {
		$upload[ 'error' ] = $upload_bits_error;
		return $upload;
	}

	$filename = wp_unique_filename( $upload['path'], $name );

	$new_file = $upload['path'] . "/$filename";
	if ( ! wp_mkdir_p( dirname( $new_file ) ) ) {
		if ( 0 === strpos( $upload['basedir'], ABSPATH ) )
			$error_path = str_replace( ABSPATH, '', $upload['basedir'] ) . $upload['subdir'];
		else
			$error_path = basename( $upload['basedir'] ) . $upload['subdir'];

		$message = sprintf( __( 'Unable to create directory %s. Is its parent directory writable by the server?' ), $error_path );
		return array( 'error' => $message );
	}

	$ifp = @ fopen( $new_file, 'wb' );
	if ( ! $ifp )
		return array( 'error' => sprintf( __( 'Could not write file %s' ), $new_file ) );

	@fwrite( $ifp, $bits );
	fclose( $ifp );
	clearstatcache();

	// Set correct file permissions
	$stat = @ stat( dirname( $new_file ) );
	$perms = $stat['mode'] & 0007777;
	$perms = $perms & 0000666;
	@ chmod( $new_file, $perms );
	clearstatcache();

	// Compute the URL
	$url = $upload['url'] . "/$filename";

	return array( 'file' => $new_file, 'url' => $url, 'error' => false );
}

/**
 * Retrieve the file type based on the extension name.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @param string $ext The extension to search.
 * @return string|void The file type, example: audio, video, document, spreadsheet, etc.
 */
function wp_ext2type( $ext ) {
	$ext = strtolower( $ext );

	/**
	 * Filter file type based on the extension name.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 *
	 * @see wp_ext2type()
	 *
	 * @param array $ext2type Multi-dimensional array with extensions for a default set
	 *                        of file types.
	 */
	$ext2type = apply_filters( 'ext2type', array(
		'image'       => array( 'jpg', 'jpeg', 'jpe',  'gif',  'png',  'bmp',   'tif',  'tiff', 'ico' ),
		'audio'       => array( 'aac', 'ac3',  'aif',  'aiff', 'm3a',  'm4a',   'm4b',  'mka',  'mp1',  'mp2',  'mp3', 'ogg', 'oga', 'ram', 'wav', 'wma' ),
		'video'       => array( '3g2',  '3gp', '3gpp', 'asf', 'avi',  'divx', 'dv',   'flv',  'm4v',   'mkv',  'mov',  'mp4',  'mpeg', 'mpg', 'mpv', 'ogm', 'ogv', 'qt',  'rm', 'vob', 'wmv' ),
		'document'    => array( 'doc', 'docx', 'docm', 'dotm', 'odt',  'pages', 'pdf',  'xps',  'oxps', 'rtf',  'wp', 'wpd', 'psd', 'xcf' ),
		'spreadsheet' => array( 'numbers',     'ods',  'xls',  'xlsx', 'xlsm',  'xlsb' ),
		'interactive' => array( 'swf', 'key',  'ppt',  'pptx', 'pptm', 'pps',   'ppsx', 'ppsm', 'sldx', 'sldm', 'odp' ),
		'text'        => array( 'asc', 'csv',  'tsv',  'txt' ),
		'archive'     => array( 'bz2', 'cab',  'dmg',  'gz',   'rar',  'sea',   'sit',  'sqx',  'tar',  'tgz',  'zip', '7z' ),
		'code'        => array( 'css', 'htm',  'html', 'php',  'js' ),
	) );

	foreach ( $ext2type as $type => $exts )
		if ( in_array( $ext, $exts ) )
			return $type;
}

/**
 * Retrieve the file type from the file name.
 *
 * You can optionally define the mime array, if needed.
 *
 * @since 2.0.4
 *
 * @param string $filename File name or path.
 * @param array  $mimes    Optional. Key is the file extension with value as the mime type.
 * @return array Values with extension first and mime type.
 */
function wp_check_filetype( $filename, $mimes = null ) {
	if ( empty($mimes) )
		$mimes = get_allowed_mime_types();
	$type = false;
	$ext = false;

	foreach ( $mimes as $ext_preg => $mime_match ) {
		$ext_preg = '!\.(' . $ext_preg . ')$!i';
		if ( preg_match( $ext_preg, $filename, $ext_matches ) ) {
			$type = $mime_match;
			$ext = $ext_matches[1];
			break;
		}
	}

	return compact( 'ext', 'type' );
}

/**
 * Attempt to determine the real file type of a file.
 *
 * If unable to, the file name extension will be used to determine type.
 *
 * If it's determined that the extension does not match the file's real type,
 * then the "proper_filename" value will be set with a proper filename and extension.
 *
 * Currently this function only supports validating images known to getimagesize().
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param string $file     Full path to the file.
 * @param string $filename The name of the file (may differ from $file due to $file being
 *                         in a tmp directory).
 * @param array   $mimes   Optional. Key is the file extension with value as the mime type.
 * @return array Values for the extension, MIME, and either a corrected filename or false
 *               if original $filename is valid.
 */
function wp_check_filetype_and_ext( $file, $filename, $mimes = null ) {
	$proper_filename = false;

	// Do basic extension validation and MIME mapping
	$wp_filetype = wp_check_filetype( $filename, $mimes );
	$ext = $wp_filetype['ext'];
	$type = $wp_filetype['type'];

	// We can't do any further validation without a file to work with
	if ( ! file_exists( $file ) ) {
		return compact( 'ext', 'type', 'proper_filename' );
	}

	// We're able to validate images using GD
	if ( $type && 0 === strpos( $type, 'image/' ) && function_exists('getimagesize') ) {

		// Attempt to figure out what type of image it actually is
		$imgstats = @getimagesize( $file );

		// If getimagesize() knows what kind of image it really is and if the real MIME doesn't match the claimed MIME
		if ( !empty($imgstats['mime']) && $imgstats['mime'] != $type ) {
			/**
			 * Filter the list mapping image mime types to their respective extensions.
			 *
			 * @since 3.0.0
			 *
			 * @param  array $mime_to_ext Array of image mime types and their matching extensions.
			 */
			$mime_to_ext = apply_filters( 'getimagesize_mimes_to_exts', array(
				'image/jpeg' => 'jpg',
				'image/png'  => 'png',
				'image/gif'  => 'gif',
				'image/bmp'  => 'bmp',
				'image/tiff' => 'tif',
			) );

			// Replace whatever is after the last period in the filename with the correct extension
			if ( ! empty( $mime_to_ext[ $imgstats['mime'] ] ) ) {
				$filename_parts = explode( '.', $filename );
				array_pop( $filename_parts );
				$filename_parts[] = $mime_to_ext[ $imgstats['mime'] ];
				$new_filename = implode( '.', $filename_parts );

				if ( $new_filename != $filename ) {
					$proper_filename = $new_filename; // Mark that it changed
				}
				// Redefine the extension / MIME
				$wp_filetype = wp_check_filetype( $new_filename, $mimes );
				$ext = $wp_filetype['ext'];
				$type = $wp_filetype['type'];
			}
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Filter the "real" file type of the given file.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param array  $wp_check_filetype_and_ext File data array containing 'ext', 'type', and
	 *                                          'proper_filename' keys.
	 * @param string $file                      Full path to the file.
	 * @param string $filename                  The name of the file (may differ from $file due to
	 *                                          $file being in a tmp directory).
	 * @param array  $mimes                     Key is the file extension with value as the mime type.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'wp_check_filetype_and_ext', compact( 'ext', 'type', 'proper_filename' ), $file, $filename, $mimes );
}

/**
 * Retrieve list of mime types and file extensions.
 *
 * @since 3.5.0
 * @since 4.2.0 Support was added for GIMP (xcf) files.
 *
 * @return array Array of mime types keyed by the file extension regex corresponding to those types.
 */
function wp_get_mime_types() {
	/**
	 * Filter the list of mime types and file extensions.
	 *
	 * This filter should be used to add, not remove, mime types. To remove
	 * mime types, use the 'upload_mimes' filter.
	 *
	 * @since 3.5.0
	 *
	 * @param array $wp_get_mime_types Mime types keyed by the file extension regex
	 *                                 corresponding to those types.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'mime_types', array(
	// Image formats.
	'jpg|jpeg|jpe' => 'image/jpeg',
	'gif' => 'image/gif',
	'png' => 'image/png',
	'bmp' => 'image/bmp',
	'tiff|tif' => 'image/tiff',
	'ico' => 'image/x-icon',
	// Video formats.
	'asf|asx' => 'video/x-ms-asf',
	'wmv' => 'video/x-ms-wmv',
	'wmx' => 'video/x-ms-wmx',
	'wm' => 'video/x-ms-wm',
	'avi' => 'video/avi',
	'divx' => 'video/divx',
	'flv' => 'video/x-flv',
	'mov|qt' => 'video/quicktime',
	'mpeg|mpg|mpe' => 'video/mpeg',
	'mp4|m4v' => 'video/mp4',
	'ogv' => 'video/ogg',
	'webm' => 'video/webm',
	'mkv' => 'video/x-matroska',
	'3gp|3gpp' => 'video/3gpp', // Can also be audio
	'3g2|3gp2' => 'video/3gpp2', // Can also be audio
	// Text formats.
	'txt|asc|c|cc|h|srt' => 'text/plain',
	'csv' => 'text/csv',
	'tsv' => 'text/tab-separated-values',
	'ics' => 'text/calendar',
	'rtx' => 'text/richtext',
	'css' => 'text/css',
	'htm|html' => 'text/html',
	'vtt' => 'text/vtt',
	'dfxp' => 'application/ttaf+xml',
	// Audio formats.
	'mp3|m4a|m4b' => 'audio/mpeg',
	'ra|ram' => 'audio/x-realaudio',
	'wav' => 'audio/wav',
	'ogg|oga' => 'audio/ogg',
	'mid|midi' => 'audio/midi',
	'wma' => 'audio/x-ms-wma',
	'wax' => 'audio/x-ms-wax',
	'mka' => 'audio/x-matroska',
	// Misc application formats.
	'rtf' => 'application/rtf',
	'js' => 'application/javascript',
	'pdf' => 'application/pdf',
	'swf' => 'application/x-shockwave-flash',
	'class' => 'application/java',
	'tar' => 'application/x-tar',
	'zip' => 'application/zip',
	'gz|gzip' => 'application/x-gzip',
	'rar' => 'application/rar',
	'7z' => 'application/x-7z-compressed',
	'exe' => 'application/x-msdownload',
	'psd' => 'application/octet-stream',
	'xcf' => 'application/octet-stream',
	// MS Office formats.
	'doc' => 'application/msword',
	'pot|pps|ppt' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint',
	'wri' => 'application/vnd.ms-write',
	'xla|xls|xlt|xlw' => 'application/vnd.ms-excel',
	'mdb' => 'application/vnd.ms-access',
	'mpp' => 'application/vnd.ms-project',
	'docx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document',
	'docm' => 'application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12',
	'dotx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template',
	'dotm' => 'application/vnd.ms-word.template.macroEnabled.12',
	'xlsx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet',
	'xlsm' => 'application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12',
	'xlsb' => 'application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12',
	'xltx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template',
	'xltm' => 'application/vnd.ms-excel.template.macroEnabled.12',
	'xlam' => 'application/vnd.ms-excel.addin.macroEnabled.12',
	'pptx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation',
	'pptm' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12',
	'ppsx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow',
	'ppsm' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12',
	'potx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template',
	'potm' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.template.macroEnabled.12',
	'ppam' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.addin.macroEnabled.12',
	'sldx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slide',
	'sldm' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slide.macroEnabled.12',
	'onetoc|onetoc2|onetmp|onepkg' => 'application/onenote',
	'oxps' => 'application/oxps',
	'xps' => 'application/vnd.ms-xpsdocument',
	// OpenOffice formats.
	'odt' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text',
	'odp' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.presentation',
	'ods' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.spreadsheet',
	'odg' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.graphics',
	'odc' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.chart',
	'odb' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.database',
	'odf' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.formula',
	// WordPerfect formats.
	'wp|wpd' => 'application/wordperfect',
	// iWork formats.
	'key' => 'application/vnd.apple.keynote',
	'numbers' => 'application/vnd.apple.numbers',
	'pages' => 'application/vnd.apple.pages',
	) );
}
/**
 * Retrieve list of allowed mime types and file extensions.
 *
 * @since 2.8.6
 *
 * @param int|WP_User $user Optional. User to check. Defaults to current user.
 * @return array Array of mime types keyed by the file extension regex corresponding
 *               to those types.
 */
function get_allowed_mime_types( $user = null ) {
	$t = wp_get_mime_types();

	unset( $t['swf'], $t['exe'] );
	if ( function_exists( 'current_user_can' ) )
		$unfiltered = $user ? user_can( $user, 'unfiltered_html' ) : current_user_can( 'unfiltered_html' );

	if ( empty( $unfiltered ) )
		unset( $t['htm|html'] );

	/**
	 * Filter list of allowed mime types and file extensions.
	 *
	 * @since 2.0.0
	 *
	 * @param array            $t    Mime types keyed by the file extension regex corresponding to
	 *                               those types. 'swf' and 'exe' removed from full list. 'htm|html' also
	 *                               removed depending on '$user' capabilities.
	 * @param int|WP_User|null $user User ID, User object or null if not provided (indicates current user).
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'upload_mimes', $t, $user );
}

/**
 * Display "Are You Sure" message to confirm the action being taken.
 *
 * If the action has the nonce explain message, then it will be displayed
 * along with the "Are you sure?" message.
 *
 * @since 2.0.4
 *
 * @param string $action The nonce action.
 */
function wp_nonce_ays( $action ) {
	if ( 'log-out' == $action ) {
		$html = sprintf( __( 'You are attempting to log out of %s' ), get_bloginfo( 'name' ) ) . '</p><p>';
		$redirect_to = isset( $_REQUEST['redirect_to'] ) ? $_REQUEST['redirect_to'] : '';
		$html .= sprintf( __( "Do you really want to <a href='%s'>log out</a>?"), wp_logout_url( $redirect_to ) );
	} else {
		$html = __( 'Are you sure you want to do this?' );
		if ( wp_get_referer() )
			$html .= "</p><p><a href='" . esc_url( remove_query_arg( 'updated', wp_get_referer() ) ) . "'>" . __( 'Please try again.' ) . "</a>";
	}

	wp_die( $html, __( 'WordPress Failure Notice' ), 403 );
}

/**
 * Kill WordPress execution and display HTML message with error message.
 *
 * This function complements the `die()` PHP function. The difference is that
 * HTML will be displayed to the user. It is recommended to use this function
 * only when the execution should not continue any further. It is not recommended
 * to call this function very often, and try to handle as many errors as possible
 * silently or more gracefully.
 *
 * As a shorthand, the desired HTTP response code may be passed as an integer to
 * the `$title` parameter (the default title would apply) or the `$args` parameter.
 *
 * @since 2.0.4
 * @since 4.1.0 The `$title` and `$args` parameters were changed to optionally accept
 *              an integer to be used as the response code.
 *
 * @param string|WP_Error  $message Optional. Error message. If this is a {@see WP_Error} object,
 *                                  the error's messages are used. Default empty.
 * @param string|int       $title   Optional. Error title. If `$message` is a `WP_Error` object,
 *                                  error data with the key 'title' may be used to specify the title.
 *                                  If `$title` is an integer, then it is treated as the response
 *                                  code. Default empty.
 * @param string|array|int $args {
 *     Optional. Arguments to control behavior. If `$args` is an integer, then it is treated
 *     as the response code. Default empty array.
 *
 *     @type int    $response       The HTTP response code. Default 500.
 *     @type bool   $back_link      Whether to include a link to go back. Default false.
 *     @type string $text_direction The text direction. This is only useful internally, when WordPress
 *                                  is still loading and the site's locale is not set up yet. Accepts 'rtl'.
 *                                  Default is the value of {@see is_rtl()}.
 * }
 */
function wp_die( $message = '', $title = '', $args = array() ) {

	if ( is_int( $args ) ) {
		$args = array( 'response' => $args );
	} elseif ( is_int( $title ) ) {
		$args  = array( 'response' => $title );
		$title = '';
	}

	if ( defined( 'DOING_AJAX' ) && DOING_AJAX ) {
		/**
		 * Filter callback for killing WordPress execution for AJAX requests.
		 *
		 * @since 3.4.0
		 *
		 * @param callback $function Callback function name.
		 */
		$function = apply_filters( 'wp_die_ajax_handler', '_ajax_wp_die_handler' );
	} elseif ( defined( 'XMLRPC_REQUEST' ) && XMLRPC_REQUEST ) {
		/**
		 * Filter callback for killing WordPress execution for XML-RPC requests.
		 *
		 * @since 3.4.0
		 *
		 * @param callback $function Callback function name.
		 */
		$function = apply_filters( 'wp_die_xmlrpc_handler', '_xmlrpc_wp_die_handler' );
	} else {
		/**
		 * Filter callback for killing WordPress execution for all non-AJAX, non-XML-RPC requests.
		 *
		 * @since 3.0.0
		 *
		 * @param callback $function Callback function name.
		 */
		$function = apply_filters( 'wp_die_handler', '_default_wp_die_handler' );
	}

	call_user_func( $function, $message, $title, $args );
}

/**
 * Kill WordPress execution and display HTML message with error message.
 *
 * This is the default handler for wp_die if you want a custom one for your
 * site then you can overload using the wp_die_handler filter in wp_die
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param string       $message Error message.
 * @param string       $title   Optional. Error title. Default empty.
 * @param string|array $args    Optional. Arguments to control behavior. Default empty array.
 */
function _default_wp_die_handler( $message, $title = '', $args = array() ) {
	$defaults = array( 'response' => 500 );
	$r = wp_parse_args($args, $defaults);

	$have_gettext = function_exists('__');

	if ( function_exists( 'is_wp_error' ) && is_wp_error( $message ) ) {
		if ( empty( $title ) ) {
			$error_data = $message->get_error_data();
			if ( is_array( $error_data ) && isset( $error_data['title'] ) )
				$title = $error_data['title'];
		}
		$errors = $message->get_error_messages();
		switch ( count( $errors ) ) {
		case 0 :
			$message = '';
			break;
		case 1 :
			$message = "<p>{$errors[0]}</p>";
			break;
		default :
			$message = "<ul>\n\t\t<li>" . join( "</li>\n\t\t<li>", $errors ) . "</li>\n\t</ul>";
			break;
		}
	} elseif ( is_string( $message ) ) {
		$message = "<p>$message</p>";
	}

	if ( isset( $r['back_link'] ) && $r['back_link'] ) {
		$back_text = $have_gettext? __('&laquo; Back') : '&laquo; Back';
		$message .= "\n<p><a href='javascript:history.back()'>$back_text</a></p>";
	}

	if ( ! did_action( 'admin_head' ) ) :
		if ( !headers_sent() ) {
			status_header( $r['response'] );
			nocache_headers();
			header( 'Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8' );
		}

		if ( empty($title) )
			$title = $have_gettext ? __('WordPress &rsaquo; Error') : 'WordPress &rsaquo; Error';

		$text_direction = 'ltr';
		if ( isset($r['text_direction']) && 'rtl' == $r['text_direction'] )
			$text_direction = 'rtl';
		elseif ( function_exists( 'is_rtl' ) && is_rtl() )
			$text_direction = 'rtl';
?>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<!-- Ticket #11289, IE bug fix: always pad the error page with enough characters such that it is greater than 512 bytes, even after gzip compression abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890aabbccddeeffgghhiijjkkllmmnnooppqqrrssttuuvvwwxxyyzz11223344556677889900abacbcbdcdcededfefegfgfhghgihihjijikjkjlklkmlmlnmnmononpopoqpqprqrqsrsrtstsubcbcdcdedefefgfabcadefbghicjkldmnoepqrfstugvwxhyz1i234j567k890laabmbccnddeoeffpgghqhiirjjksklltmmnunoovppqwqrrxsstytuuzvvw0wxx1yyz2z113223434455666777889890091abc2def3ghi4jkl5mno6pqr7stu8vwx9yz11aab2bcc3dd4ee5ff6gg7hh8ii9j0jk1kl2lmm3nnoo4p5pq6qrr7ss8tt9uuvv0wwx1x2yyzz13aba4cbcb5dcdc6dedfef8egf9gfh0ghg1ihi2hji3jik4jkj5lkl6kml7mln8mnm9ono
-->
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" <?php if ( function_exists( 'language_attributes' ) && function_exists( 'is_rtl' ) ) language_attributes(); else echo "dir='$text_direction'"; ?>>
<head>
	<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
	<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width">
	<title><?php echo $title ?></title>
	<style type="text/css">
		html {
			background: #f1f1f1;
		}
		body {
			background: #fff;
			color: #444;
			font-family: "Open Sans", sans-serif;
			margin: 2em auto;
			padding: 1em 2em;
			max-width: 700px;
			-webkit-box-shadow: 0 1px 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.13);
			box-shadow: 0 1px 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.13);
		}
		h1 {
			border-bottom: 1px solid #dadada;
			clear: both;
			color: #666;
			font: 24px "Open Sans", sans-serif;
			margin: 30px 0 0 0;
			padding: 0;
			padding-bottom: 7px;
		}
		#error-page {
			margin-top: 50px;
		}
		#error-page p {
			font-size: 14px;
			line-height: 1.5;
			margin: 25px 0 20px;
		}
		#error-page code {
			font-family: Consolas, Monaco, monospace;
		}
		ul li {
			margin-bottom: 10px;
			font-size: 14px ;
		}
		a {
			color: #21759B;
			text-decoration: none;
		}
		a:hover {
			color: #D54E21;
		}
		.button {
			background: #f7f7f7;
			border: 1px solid #cccccc;
			color: #555;
			display: inline-block;
			text-decoration: none;
			font-size: 13px;
			line-height: 26px;
			height: 28px;
			margin: 0;
			padding: 0 10px 1px;
			cursor: pointer;
			-webkit-border-radius: 3px;
			-webkit-appearance: none;
			border-radius: 3px;
			white-space: nowrap;
			-webkit-box-sizing: border-box;
			-moz-box-sizing:    border-box;
			box-sizing:         border-box;

			-webkit-box-shadow: inset 0 1px 0 #fff, 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.08);
			box-shadow: inset 0 1px 0 #fff, 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.08);
		 	vertical-align: top;
		}

		.button.button-large {
			height: 29px;
			line-height: 28px;
			padding: 0 12px;
		}

		.button:hover,
		.button:focus {
			background: #fafafa;
			border-color: #999;
			color: #222;
		}

		.button:focus  {
			-webkit-box-shadow: 1px 1px 1px rgba(0,0,0,.2);
			box-shadow: 1px 1px 1px rgba(0,0,0,.2);
		}

		.button:active {
			background: #eee;
			border-color: #999;
			color: #333;
			-webkit-box-shadow: inset 0 2px 5px -3px rgba( 0, 0, 0, 0.5 );
		 	box-shadow: inset 0 2px 5px -3px rgba( 0, 0, 0, 0.5 );
		}

		<?php if ( 'rtl' == $text_direction ) : ?>
		body { font-family: Tahoma, Arial; }
		<?php endif; ?>
	</style>
</head>
<body id="error-page">
<?php endif; // ! did_action( 'admin_head' ) ?>
	<?php echo $message; ?>
</body>
</html>
<?php
	die();
}

/**
 * Kill WordPress execution and display XML message with error message.
 *
 * This is the handler for wp_die when processing XMLRPC requests.
 *
 * @since 3.2.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @global wp_xmlrpc_server $wp_xmlrpc_server
 *
 * @param string       $message Error message.
 * @param string       $title   Optional. Error title. Default empty.
 * @param string|array $args    Optional. Arguments to control behavior. Default empty array.
 */
function _xmlrpc_wp_die_handler( $message, $title = '', $args = array() ) {
	global $wp_xmlrpc_server;
	$defaults = array( 'response' => 500 );

	$r = wp_parse_args($args, $defaults);

	if ( $wp_xmlrpc_server ) {
		$error = new IXR_Error( $r['response'] , $message);
		$wp_xmlrpc_server->output( $error->getXml() );
	}
	die();
}

/**
 * Kill WordPress ajax execution.
 *
 * This is the handler for wp_die when processing Ajax requests.
 *
 * @since 3.4.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param string $message Optional. Response to print. Default empty.
 */
function _ajax_wp_die_handler( $message = '' ) {
	if ( is_scalar( $message ) )
		die( (string) $message );
	die( '0' );
}

/**
 * Kill WordPress execution.
 *
 * This is the handler for wp_die when processing APP requests.
 *
 * @since 3.4.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param string $message Optional. Response to print. Default empty.
 */
function _scalar_wp_die_handler( $message = '' ) {
	if ( is_scalar( $message ) )
		die( (string) $message );
	die();
}

/**
 * Encode a variable into JSON, with some sanity checks.
 *
 * @since 4.1.0
 *
 * @param mixed $data    Variable (usually an array or object) to encode as JSON.
 * @param int   $options Optional. Options to be passed to json_encode(). Default 0.
 * @param int   $depth   Optional. Maximum depth to walk through $data. Must be
 *                       greater than 0. Default 512.
 * @return string|false The JSON encoded string, or false if it cannot be encoded.
 */
function wp_json_encode( $data, $options = 0, $depth = 512 ) {
	/*
	 * json_encode() has had extra params added over the years.
	 * $options was added in 5.3, and $depth in 5.5.
	 * We need to make sure we call it with the correct arguments.
	 */
	if ( version_compare( PHP_VERSION, '5.5', '>=' ) ) {
		$args = array( $data, $options, $depth );
	} elseif ( version_compare( PHP_VERSION, '5.3', '>=' ) ) {
		$args = array( $data, $options );
	} else {
		$args = array( $data );
	}

	$json = call_user_func_array( 'json_encode', $args );

	// If json_encode() was successful, no need to do more sanity checking.
	// ... unless we're in an old version of PHP, and json_encode() returned
	// a string containing 'null'. Then we need to do more sanity checking.
	if ( false !== $json && ( version_compare( PHP_VERSION, '5.5', '>=' ) || false === strpos( $json, 'null' ) ) )  {
		return $json;
	}

	try {
		$args[0] = _wp_json_sanity_check( $data, $depth );
	} catch ( Exception $e ) {
		return false;
	}

	return call_user_func_array( 'json_encode', $args );
}

/**
 * Perform sanity checks on data that shall be encoded to JSON.
 *
 * @ignore
 * @since 4.1.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @see wp_json_encode()
 *
 * @param mixed $data  Variable (usually an array or object) to encode as JSON.
 * @param int   $depth Maximum depth to walk through $data. Must be greater than 0.
 * @return mixed The sanitized data that shall be encoded to JSON.
 */
function _wp_json_sanity_check( $data, $depth ) {
	if ( $depth < 0 ) {
		throw new Exception( 'Reached depth limit' );
	}

	if ( is_array( $data ) ) {
		$output = array();
		foreach ( $data as $id => $el ) {
			// Don't forget to sanitize the ID!
			if ( is_string( $id ) ) {
				$clean_id = _wp_json_convert_string( $id );
			} else {
				$clean_id = $id;
			}

			// Check the element type, so that we're only recursing if we really have to.
			if ( is_array( $el ) || is_object( $el ) ) {
				$output[ $clean_id ] = _wp_json_sanity_check( $el, $depth - 1 );
			} elseif ( is_string( $el ) ) {
				$output[ $clean_id ] = _wp_json_convert_string( $el );
			} else {
				$output[ $clean_id ] = $el;
			}
		}
	} elseif ( is_object( $data ) ) {
		$output = new stdClass;
		foreach ( $data as $id => $el ) {
			if ( is_string( $id ) ) {
				$clean_id = _wp_json_convert_string( $id );
			} else {
				$clean_id = $id;
			}

			if ( is_array( $el ) || is_object( $el ) ) {
				$output->$clean_id = _wp_json_sanity_check( $el, $depth - 1 );
			} elseif ( is_string( $el ) ) {
				$output->$clean_id = _wp_json_convert_string( $el );
			} else {
				$output->$clean_id = $el;
			}
		}
	} elseif ( is_string( $data ) ) {
		return _wp_json_convert_string( $data );
	} else {
		return $data;
	}

	return $output;
}

/**
 * Convert a string to UTF-8, so that it can be safely encoded to JSON.
 *
 * @ignore
 * @since 4.1.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @see _wp_json_sanity_check()
 *
 * @staticvar bool $use_mb
 *
 * @param string $string The string which is to be converted.
 * @return string The checked string.
 */
function _wp_json_convert_string( $string ) {
	static $use_mb = null;
	if ( is_null( $use_mb ) ) {
		$use_mb = function_exists( 'mb_convert_encoding' );
	}

	if ( $use_mb ) {
		$encoding = mb_detect_encoding( $string, mb_detect_order(), true );
		if ( $encoding ) {
			return mb_convert_encoding( $string, 'UTF-8', $encoding );
		} else {
			return mb_convert_encoding( $string, 'UTF-8', 'UTF-8' );
		}
	} else {
		return wp_check_invalid_utf8( $string, true );
	}
}

/**
 * Send a JSON response back to an Ajax request.
 *
 * @since 3.5.0
 *
 * @param mixed $response Variable (usually an array or object) to encode as JSON,
 *                        then print and die.
 */
function wp_send_json( $response ) {
	@header( 'Content-Type: application/json; charset=' . get_option( 'blog_charset' ) );
	echo wp_json_encode( $response );
	if ( defined( 'DOING_AJAX' ) && DOING_AJAX )
		wp_die();
	else
		die;
}

/**
 * Send a JSON response back to an Ajax request, indicating success.
 *
 * @since 3.5.0
 *
 * @param mixed $data Data to encode as JSON, then print and die.
 */
function wp_send_json_success( $data = null ) {
	$response = array( 'success' => true );

	if ( isset( $data ) )
		$response['data'] = $data;

	wp_send_json( $response );
}

/**
 * Send a JSON response back to an Ajax request, indicating failure.
 *
 * If the `$data` parameter is a {@see WP_Error} object, the errors
 * within the object are processed and output as an array of error
 * codes and corresponding messages. All other types are output
 * without further processing.
 *
 * @since 3.5.0
 * @since 4.1.0 The `$data` parameter is now processed if a {@see WP_Error}
 *              object is passed in.
 *
 * @param mixed $data Data to encode as JSON, then print and die.
 */
function wp_send_json_error( $data = null ) {
	$response = array( 'success' => false );

	if ( isset( $data ) ) {
		if ( is_wp_error( $data ) ) {
			$result = array();
			foreach ( $data->errors as $code => $messages ) {
				foreach ( $messages as $message ) {
					$result[] = array( 'code' => $code, 'message' => $message );
				}
			}

			$response['data'] = $result;
		} else {
			$response['data'] = $data;
		}
	}

	wp_send_json( $response );
}

/**
 * Retrieve the WordPress home page URL.
 *
 * If the constant named 'WP_HOME' exists, then it will be used and returned
 * by the function. This can be used to counter the redirection on your local
 * development environment.
 *
 * @since 2.2.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @see WP_HOME
 *
 * @param string $url URL for the home location.
 * @return string Homepage location.
 */
function _config_wp_home( $url = '' ) {
	if ( defined( 'WP_HOME' ) )
		return untrailingslashit( WP_HOME );
	return $url;
}

/**
 * Retrieve the WordPress site URL.
 *
 * If the constant named 'WP_SITEURL' is defined, then the value in that
 * constant will always be returned. This can be used for debugging a site
 * on your localhost while not having to change the database to your URL.
 *
 * @since 2.2.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @see WP_SITEURL
 *
 * @param string $url URL to set the WordPress site location.
 * @return string The WordPress Site URL.
 */
function _config_wp_siteurl( $url = '' ) {
	if ( defined( 'WP_SITEURL' ) )
		return untrailingslashit( WP_SITEURL );
	return $url;
}

/**
 * Set the localized direction for MCE plugin.
 *
 * Will only set the direction to 'rtl', if the WordPress locale has
 * the text direction set to 'rtl'.
 *
 * Fills in the 'directionality' setting, enables the 'directionality'
 * plugin, and adds the 'ltr' button to 'toolbar1', formerly
 * 'theme_advanced_buttons1' array keys. These keys are then returned
 * in the $input (TinyMCE settings) array.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param array $input MCE settings array.
 * @return array Direction set for 'rtl', if needed by locale.
 */
function _mce_set_direction( $input ) {
	if ( is_rtl() ) {
		$input['directionality'] = 'rtl';

		if ( ! empty( $input['plugins'] ) && strpos( $input['plugins'], 'directionality' ) === false ) {
			$input['plugins'] .= ',directionality';
		}

		if ( ! empty( $input['toolbar1'] ) && ! preg_match( '/\bltr\b/', $input['toolbar1'] ) ) {
			$input['toolbar1'] .= ',ltr';
		}
	}

	return $input;
}


/**
 * Convert smiley code to the icon graphic file equivalent.
 *
 * You can turn off smilies, by going to the write setting screen and unchecking
 * the box, or by setting 'use_smilies' option to false or removing the option.
 *
 * Plugins may override the default smiley list by setting the $wpsmiliestrans
 * to an array, with the key the code the blogger types in and the value the
 * image file.
 *
 * The $wp_smiliessearch global is for the regular expression and is set each
 * time the function is called.
 *
 * The full list of smilies can be found in the function and won't be listed in
 * the description. Probably should create a Codex page for it, so that it is
 * available.
 *
 * @global array $wpsmiliestrans
 * @global array $wp_smiliessearch
 *
 * @since 2.2.0
 */
function smilies_init() {
	global $wpsmiliestrans, $wp_smiliessearch;

	// don't bother setting up smilies if they are disabled
	if ( !get_option( 'use_smilies' ) )
		return;

	if ( !isset( $wpsmiliestrans ) ) {
		$wpsmiliestrans = array(
		':mrgreen:' => 'mrgreen.png',
		':neutral:' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x90",
		':twisted:' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x88",
		  ':arrow:' => "\xe2\x9e\xa1",
		  ':shock:' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\xaf",
		  ':smile:' => 'simple-smile.png',
		    ':???:' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x95",
		   ':cool:' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x8e",
		   ':evil:' => "\xf0\x9f\x91\xbf",
		   ':grin:' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x80",
		   ':idea:' => "\xf0\x9f\x92\xa1",
		   ':oops:' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\xb3",
		   ':razz:' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x9b",
		   ':roll:' => 'rolleyes.png',
		   ':wink:' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x89",
		    ':cry:' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\xa5",
		    ':eek:' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\xae",
		    ':lol:' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x86",
		    ':mad:' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\xa1",
		    ':sad:' => 'frownie.png',
		      '8-)' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x8e",
		      '8-O' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\xaf",
		      ':-(' => 'frownie.png',
		      ':-)' => 'simple-smile.png',
		      ':-?' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x95",
		      ':-D' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x80",
		      ':-P' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x9b",
		      ':-o' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\xae",
		      ':-x' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\xa1",
		      ':-|' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x90",
		      ';-)' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x89",
		// This one transformation breaks regular text with frequency.
		//     '8)' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x8e",
		       '8O' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\xaf",
		       ':(' => 'frownie.png',
		       ':)' => 'simple-smile.png',
		       ':?' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x95",
		       ':D' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x80",
		       ':P' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x9b",
		       ':o' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\xae",
		       ':x' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\xa1",
		       ':|' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x90",
		       ';)' => "\xf0\x9f\x98\x89",
		      ':!:' => "\xe2\x9d\x97",
		      ':?:' => "\xe2\x9d\x93",
		);
	}

	if (count($wpsmiliestrans) == 0) {
		return;
	}

	/*
	 * NOTE: we sort the smilies in reverse key order. This is to make sure
	 * we match the longest possible smilie (:???: vs :?) as the regular
	 * expression used below is first-match
	 */
	krsort($wpsmiliestrans);

	$spaces = wp_spaces_regexp();

	// Begin first "subpattern"
	$wp_smiliessearch = '/(?<=' . $spaces . '|^)';

	$subchar = '';
	foreach ( (array) $wpsmiliestrans as $smiley => $img ) {
		$firstchar = substr($smiley, 0, 1);
		$rest = substr($smiley, 1);

		// new subpattern?
		if ($firstchar != $subchar) {
			if ($subchar != '') {
				$wp_smiliessearch .= ')(?=' . $spaces . '|$)';  // End previous "subpattern"
				$wp_smiliessearch .= '|(?<=' . $spaces . '|^)'; // Begin another "subpattern"
			}
			$subchar = $firstchar;
			$wp_smiliessearch .= preg_quote($firstchar, '/') . '(?:';
		} else {
			$wp_smiliessearch .= '|';
		}
		$wp_smiliessearch .= preg_quote($rest, '/');
	}

	$wp_smiliessearch .= ')(?=' . $spaces . '|$)/m';

}

/**
 * Merge user defined arguments into defaults array.
 *
 * This function is used throughout WordPress to allow for both string or array
 * to be merged into another array.
 *
 * @since 2.2.0
 *
 * @param string|array $args     Value to merge with $defaults
 * @param array        $defaults Optional. Array that serves as the defaults. Default empty.
 * @return array Merged user defined values with defaults.
 */
function wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults = '' ) {
	if ( is_object( $args ) )
		$r = get_object_vars( $args );
	elseif ( is_array( $args ) )
		$r =& $args;
	else
		wp_parse_str( $args, $r );

	if ( is_array( $defaults ) )
		return array_merge( $defaults, $r );
	return $r;
}

/**
 * Clean up an array, comma- or space-separated list of IDs.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param array|string $list List of ids.
 * @return array Sanitized array of IDs.
 */
function wp_parse_id_list( $list ) {
	if ( !is_array($list) )
		$list = preg_split('/[\s,]+/', $list);

	return array_unique(array_map('absint', $list));
}

/**
 * Extract a slice of an array, given a list of keys.
 *
 * @since 3.1.0
 *
 * @param array $array The original array.
 * @param array $keys  The list of keys.
 * @return array The array slice.
 */
function wp_array_slice_assoc( $array, $keys ) {
	$slice = array();
	foreach ( $keys as $key )
		if ( isset( $array[ $key ] ) )
			$slice[ $key ] = $array[ $key ];

	return $slice;
}

/**
 * Filters a list of objects, based on a set of key => value arguments.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param array       $list     An array of objects to filter
 * @param array       $args     Optional. An array of key => value arguments to match
 *                              against each object. Default empty array.
 * @param string      $operator Optional. The logical operation to perform. 'or' means
 *                              only one element from the array needs to match; 'and'
 *                              means all elements must match. Default 'and'.
 * @param bool|string $field    A field from the object to place instead of the entire object.
 *                              Default false.
 * @return array A list of objects or object fields.
 */
function wp_filter_object_list( $list, $args = array(), $operator = 'and', $field = false ) {
	if ( ! is_array( $list ) )
		return array();

	$list = wp_list_filter( $list, $args, $operator );

	if ( $field )
		$list = wp_list_pluck( $list, $field );

	return $list;
}

/**
 * Filters a list of objects, based on a set of key => value arguments.
 *
 * @since 3.1.0
 *
 * @param array  $list     An array of objects to filter.
 * @param array  $args     Optional. An array of key => value arguments to match
 *                         against each object. Default empty array.
 * @param string $operator Optional. The logical operation to perform. 'AND' means
 *                         all elements from the array must match. 'OR' means only
 *                         one element needs to match. 'NOT' means no elements may
 *                         match. Default 'AND'.
 * @return array Array of found values.
 */
function wp_list_filter( $list, $args = array(), $operator = 'AND' ) {
	if ( ! is_array( $list ) )
		return array();

	if ( empty( $args ) )
		return $list;

	$operator = strtoupper( $operator );
	$count = count( $args );
	$filtered = array();

	foreach ( $list as $key => $obj ) {
		$to_match = (array) $obj;

		$matched = 0;
		foreach ( $args as $m_key => $m_value ) {
			if ( array_key_exists( $m_key, $to_match ) && $m_value == $to_match[ $m_key ] )
				$matched++;
		}

		if ( ( 'AND' == $operator && $matched == $count )
		  || ( 'OR' == $operator && $matched > 0 )
		  || ( 'NOT' == $operator && 0 == $matched ) ) {
			$filtered[$key] = $obj;
		}
	}

	return $filtered;
}

/**
 * Pluck a certain field out of each object in a list.
 *
 * This has the same functionality and prototype of
 * array_column() (PHP 5.5) but also supports objects.
 *
 * @since 3.1.0
 * @since 4.0.0 $index_key parameter added.
 *
 * @param array      $list      List of objects or arrays
 * @param int|string $field     Field from the object to place instead of the entire object
 * @param int|string $index_key Optional. Field from the object to use as keys for the new array.
 *                              Default null.
 * @return array Array of found values. If `$index_key` is set, an array of found values with keys
 *               corresponding to `$index_key`. If `$index_key` is null, array keys from the original
 *               `$list` will be preserved in the results.
 */
function wp_list_pluck( $list, $field, $index_key = null ) {
	if ( ! $index_key ) {
		/*
		 * This is simple. Could at some point wrap array_column()
		 * if we knew we had an array of arrays.
		 */
		foreach ( $list as $key => $value ) {
			if ( is_object( $value ) ) {
				$list[ $key ] = $value->$field;
			} else {
				$list[ $key ] = $value[ $field ];
			}
		}
		return $list;
	}

	/*
	 * When index_key is not set for a particular item, push the value
	 * to the end of the stack. This is how array_column() behaves.
	 */
	$newlist = array();
	foreach ( $list as $value ) {
		if ( is_object( $value ) ) {
			if ( isset( $value->$index_key ) ) {
				$newlist[ $value->$index_key ] = $value->$field;
			} else {
				$newlist[] = $value->$field;
			}
		} else {
			if ( isset( $value[ $index_key ] ) ) {
				$newlist[ $value[ $index_key ] ] = $value[ $field ];
			} else {
				$newlist[] = $value[ $field ];
			}
		}
	}

	return $newlist;
}

/**
 * Determines if Widgets library should be loaded.
 *
 * Checks to make sure that the widgets library hasn't already been loaded.
 * If it hasn't, then it will load the widgets library and run an action hook.
 *
 * @since 2.2.0
 */
function wp_maybe_load_widgets() {
	/**
	 * Filter whether to load the Widgets library.
	 *
	 * Passing a falsey value to the filter will effectively short-circuit
	 * the Widgets library from loading.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 *
	 * @param bool $wp_maybe_load_widgets Whether to load the Widgets library.
	 *                                    Default true.
	 */
	if ( ! apply_filters( 'load_default_widgets', true ) ) {
		return;
	}

	require_once( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/default-widgets.php' );

	add_action( '_admin_menu', 'wp_widgets_add_menu' );
}

/**
 * Append the Widgets menu to the themes main menu.
 *
 * @since 2.2.0
 *
 * @global array $submenu
 */
function wp_widgets_add_menu() {
	global $submenu;

	if ( ! current_theme_supports( 'widgets' ) )
		return;

	$submenu['themes.php'][7] = array( __( 'Widgets' ), 'edit_theme_options', 'widgets.php' );
	ksort( $submenu['themes.php'], SORT_NUMERIC );
}

/**
 * Flush all output buffers for PHP 5.2.
 *
 * Make sure all output buffers are flushed before our singletons are destroyed.
 *
 * @since 2.2.0
 */
function wp_ob_end_flush_all() {
	$levels = ob_get_level();
	for ($i=0; $i<$levels; $i++)
		ob_end_flush();
}

/**
 * Load custom DB error or display WordPress DB error.
 *
 * If a file exists in the wp-content directory named db-error.php, then it will
 * be loaded instead of displaying the WordPress DB error. If it is not found,
 * then the WordPress DB error will be displayed instead.
 *
 * The WordPress DB error sets the HTTP status header to 500 to try to prevent
 * search engines from caching the message. Custom DB messages should do the
 * same.
 *
 * This function was backported to WordPress 2.3.2, but originally was added
 * in WordPress 2.5.0.
 *
 * @since 2.3.2
 *
 * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
 */
function dead_db() {
	global $wpdb;

	wp_load_translations_early();

	// Load custom DB error template, if present.
	if ( file_exists( WP_CONTENT_DIR . '/db-error.php' ) ) {
		require_once( WP_CONTENT_DIR . '/db-error.php' );
		die();
	}

	// If installing or in the admin, provide the verbose message.
	if ( defined('WP_INSTALLING') || defined('WP_ADMIN') )
		wp_die($wpdb->error);

	// Otherwise, be terse.
	status_header( 500 );
	nocache_headers();
	header( 'Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8' );
?>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"<?php if ( is_rtl() ) echo ' dir="rtl"'; ?>>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
	<title><?php _e( 'Database Error' ); ?></title>

</head>
<body>
	<h1><?php _e( 'Error establishing a database connection' ); ?></h1>
</body>
</html>
<?php
	die();
}

/**
 * Convert a value to non-negative integer.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @param mixed $maybeint Data you wish to have converted to a non-negative integer.
 * @return int A non-negative integer.
 */
function absint( $maybeint ) {
	return abs( intval( $maybeint ) );
}

/**
 * Mark a function as deprecated and inform when it has been used.
 *
 * There is a hook deprecated_function_run that will be called that can be used
 * to get the backtrace up to what file and function called the deprecated
 * function.
 *
 * The current behavior is to trigger a user error if WP_DEBUG is true.
 *
 * This function is to be used in every function that is deprecated.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param string $function    The function that was called.
 * @param string $version     The version of WordPress that deprecated the function.
 * @param string $replacement Optional. The function that should have been called. Default null.
 */
function _deprecated_function( $function, $version, $replacement = null ) {

	/**
	 * Fires when a deprecated function is called.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $function    The function that was called.
	 * @param string $replacement The function that should have been called.
	 * @param string $version     The version of WordPress that deprecated the function.
	 */
	do_action( 'deprecated_function_run', $function, $replacement, $version );

	/**
	 * Filter whether to trigger an error for deprecated functions.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 *
	 * @param bool $trigger Whether to trigger the error for deprecated functions. Default true.
	 */
	if ( WP_DEBUG && apply_filters( 'deprecated_function_trigger_error', true ) ) {
		if ( function_exists( '__' ) ) {
			if ( ! is_null( $replacement ) )
				trigger_error( sprintf( __('%1$s is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s! Use %3$s instead.'), $function, $version, $replacement ) );
			else
				trigger_error( sprintf( __('%1$s is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s with no alternative available.'), $function, $version ) );
		} else {
			if ( ! is_null( $replacement ) )
				trigger_error( sprintf( '%1$s is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s! Use %3$s instead.', $function, $version, $replacement ) );
			else
				trigger_error( sprintf( '%1$s is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s with no alternative available.', $function, $version ) );
		}
	}
}

/**
 * Marks a constructor as deprecated and informs when it has been used.
 *
 * Similar to _deprecated_function(), but with different strings. Used to
 * remove PHP4 style constructors.
 *
 * The current behavior is to trigger a user error if `WP_DEBUG` is true.
 *
 * This function is to be used in every PHP4 style constructor method that is deprecated.
 *
 * @since 4.3.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param string $class   The class containing the deprecated constructor.
 * @param string $version The version of WordPress that deprecated the function.
 */
function _deprecated_constructor( $class, $version ) {

	/**
	 * Fires when a deprecated constructor is called.
	 *
	 * @since 4.3.0
	 *
	 * @param string $class   The class containing the deprecated constructor.
	 * @param string $version The version of WordPress that deprecated the function.
	 */
	do_action( 'deprecated_constructor_run', $class, $version );

	/**
	 * Filter whether to trigger an error for deprecated functions.
	 *
	 * `WP_DEBUG` must be true in addition to the filter evaluating to true.
	 *
	 * @since 4.3.0
	 *
	 * @param bool $trigger Whether to trigger the error for deprecated functions. Default true.
	 */
	if ( WP_DEBUG && apply_filters( 'deprecated_constructor_trigger_error', true ) ) {
		if ( function_exists( '__' ) ) {
			trigger_error( sprintf( __( 'The called constructor method for %1$s is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s! Use %3$s instead.' ), $class, $version, '<pre>__construct()</pre>' ) );
		} else {
			trigger_error( sprintf( 'The called constructor method for %1$s is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s! Use %3$s instead.', $class, $version, '<pre>__construct()</pre>' ) );
		}
	}

}

/**
 * Mark a file as deprecated and inform when it has been used.
 *
 * There is a hook deprecated_file_included that will be called that can be used
 * to get the backtrace up to what file and function included the deprecated
 * file.
 *
 * The current behavior is to trigger a user error if WP_DEBUG is true.
 *
 * This function is to be used in every file that is deprecated.
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param string $file        The file that was included.
 * @param string $version     The version of WordPress that deprecated the file.
 * @param string $replacement Optional. The file that should have been included based on ABSPATH.
 *                            Default null.
 * @param string $message     Optional. A message regarding the change. Default empty.
 */
function _deprecated_file( $file, $version, $replacement = null, $message = '' ) {

	/**
	 * Fires when a deprecated file is called.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $file        The file that was called.
	 * @param string $replacement The file that should have been included based on ABSPATH.
	 * @param string $version     The version of WordPress that deprecated the file.
	 * @param string $message     A message regarding the change.
	 */
	do_action( 'deprecated_file_included', $file, $replacement, $version, $message );

	/**
	 * Filter whether to trigger an error for deprecated files.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 *
	 * @param bool $trigger Whether to trigger the error for deprecated files. Default true.
	 */
	if ( WP_DEBUG && apply_filters( 'deprecated_file_trigger_error', true ) ) {
		$message = empty( $message ) ? '' : ' ' . $message;
		if ( function_exists( '__' ) ) {
			if ( ! is_null( $replacement ) )
				trigger_error( sprintf( __('%1$s is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s! Use %3$s instead.'), $file, $version, $replacement ) . $message );
			else
				trigger_error( sprintf( __('%1$s is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s with no alternative available.'), $file, $version ) . $message );
		} else {
			if ( ! is_null( $replacement ) )
				trigger_error( sprintf( '%1$s is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s! Use %3$s instead.', $file, $version, $replacement ) . $message );
			else
				trigger_error( sprintf( '%1$s is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s with no alternative available.', $file, $version ) . $message );
		}
	}
}
/**
 * Mark a function argument as deprecated and inform when it has been used.
 *
 * This function is to be used whenever a deprecated function argument is used.
 * Before this function is called, the argument must be checked for whether it was
 * used by comparing it to its default value or evaluating whether it is empty.
 * For example:
 *
 *     if ( ! empty( $deprecated ) ) {
 *         _deprecated_argument( __FUNCTION__, '3.0' );
 *     }
 *
 *
 * There is a hook deprecated_argument_run that will be called that can be used
 * to get the backtrace up to what file and function used the deprecated
 * argument.
 *
 * The current behavior is to trigger a user error if WP_DEBUG is true.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param string $function The function that was called.
 * @param string $version  The version of WordPress that deprecated the argument used.
 * @param string $message  Optional. A message regarding the change. Default null.
 */
function _deprecated_argument( $function, $version, $message = null ) {

	/**
	 * Fires when a deprecated argument is called.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param string $function The function that was called.
	 * @param string $message  A message regarding the change.
	 * @param string $version  The version of WordPress that deprecated the argument used.
	 */
	do_action( 'deprecated_argument_run', $function, $message, $version );

	/**
	 * Filter whether to trigger an error for deprecated arguments.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 *
	 * @param bool $trigger Whether to trigger the error for deprecated arguments. Default true.
	 */
	if ( WP_DEBUG && apply_filters( 'deprecated_argument_trigger_error', true ) ) {
		if ( function_exists( '__' ) ) {
			if ( ! is_null( $message ) )
				trigger_error( sprintf( __('%1$s was called with an argument that is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s! %3$s'), $function, $version, $message ) );
			else
				trigger_error( sprintf( __('%1$s was called with an argument that is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s with no alternative available.'), $function, $version ) );
		} else {
			if ( ! is_null( $message ) )
				trigger_error( sprintf( '%1$s was called with an argument that is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s! %3$s', $function, $version, $message ) );
			else
				trigger_error( sprintf( '%1$s was called with an argument that is <strong>deprecated</strong> since version %2$s with no alternative available.', $function, $version ) );
		}
	}
}

/**
 * Mark something as being incorrectly called.
 *
 * There is a hook doing_it_wrong_run that will be called that can be used
 * to get the backtrace up to what file and function called the deprecated
 * function.
 *
 * The current behavior is to trigger a user error if WP_DEBUG is true.
 *
 * @since 3.1.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param string $function The function that was called.
 * @param string $message  A message explaining what has been done incorrectly.
 * @param string $version  The version of WordPress where the message was added.
 */
function _doing_it_wrong( $function, $message, $version ) {

	/**
	 * Fires when the given function is being used incorrectly.
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 *
	 * @param string $function The function that was called.
	 * @param string $message  A message explaining what has been done incorrectly.
	 * @param string $version  The version of WordPress where the message was added.
	 */
	do_action( 'doing_it_wrong_run', $function, $message, $version );

	/**
	 * Filter whether to trigger an error for _doing_it_wrong() calls.
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 *
	 * @param bool $trigger Whether to trigger the error for _doing_it_wrong() calls. Default true.
	 */
	if ( WP_DEBUG && apply_filters( 'doing_it_wrong_trigger_error', true ) ) {
		if ( function_exists( '__' ) ) {
			$version = is_null( $version ) ? '' : sprintf( __( '(This message was added in version %s.)' ), $version );
			$message .= ' ' . __( 'Please see <a href="https://codex.wordpress.org/Debugging_in_WordPress">Debugging in WordPress</a> for more information.' );
			trigger_error( sprintf( __( '%1$s was called <strong>incorrectly</strong>. %2$s %3$s' ), $function, $message, $version ) );
		} else {
			$version = is_null( $version ) ? '' : sprintf( '(This message was added in version %s.)', $version );
			$message .= ' Please see <a href="https://codex.wordpress.org/Debugging_in_WordPress">Debugging in WordPress</a> for more information.';
			trigger_error( sprintf( '%1$s was called <strong>incorrectly</strong>. %2$s %3$s', $function, $message, $version ) );
		}
	}
}

/**
 * Is the server running earlier than 1.5.0 version of lighttpd?
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @return bool Whether the server is running lighttpd < 1.5.0.
 */
function is_lighttpd_before_150() {
	$server_parts = explode( '/', isset( $_SERVER['SERVER_SOFTWARE'] )? $_SERVER['SERVER_SOFTWARE'] : '' );
	$server_parts[1] = isset( $server_parts[1] )? $server_parts[1] : '';
	return  'lighttpd' == $server_parts[0] && -1 == version_compare( $server_parts[1], '1.5.0' );
}

/**
 * Does the specified module exist in the Apache config?
 *
 * @since 2.5.0
 *
 * @global bool $is_apache
 *
 * @param string $mod     The module, e.g. mod_rewrite.
 * @param bool   $default Optional. The default return value if the module is not found. Default false.
 * @return bool Whether the specified module is loaded.
 */
function apache_mod_loaded($mod, $default = false) {
	global $is_apache;

	if ( !$is_apache )
		return false;

	if ( function_exists( 'apache_get_modules' ) ) {
		$mods = apache_get_modules();
		if ( in_array($mod, $mods) )
			return true;
	} elseif ( function_exists( 'phpinfo' ) && false === strpos( ini_get( 'disable_functions' ), 'phpinfo' ) ) {
			ob_start();
			phpinfo(8);
			$phpinfo = ob_get_clean();
			if ( false !== strpos($phpinfo, $mod) )
				return true;
	}
	return $default;
}

/**
 * Check if IIS 7+ supports pretty permalinks.
 *
 * @since 2.8.0
 *
 * @global bool $is_iis7
 *
 * @return bool Whether IIS7 supports permalinks.
 */
function iis7_supports_permalinks() {
	global $is_iis7;

	$supports_permalinks = false;
	if ( $is_iis7 ) {
		/* First we check if the DOMDocument class exists. If it does not exist, then we cannot
		 * easily update the xml configuration file, hence we just bail out and tell user that
		 * pretty permalinks cannot be used.
		 *
		 * Next we check if the URL Rewrite Module 1.1 is loaded and enabled for the web site. When
		 * URL Rewrite 1.1 is loaded it always sets a server variable called 'IIS_UrlRewriteModule'.
		 * Lastly we make sure that PHP is running via FastCGI. This is important because if it runs
		 * via ISAPI then pretty permalinks will not work.
		 */
		$supports_permalinks = class_exists('DOMDocument') && isset($_SERVER['IIS_UrlRewriteModule']) && ( PHP_SAPI == 'cgi-fcgi' );
	}

	/**
	 * Filter whether IIS 7+ supports pretty permalinks.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 *
	 * @param bool $supports_permalinks Whether IIS7 supports permalinks. Default false.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'iis7_supports_permalinks', $supports_permalinks );
}

/**
 * File validates against allowed set of defined rules.
 *
 * A return value of '1' means that the $file contains either '..' or './'. A
 * return value of '2' means that the $file contains ':' after the first
 * character. A return value of '3' means that the file is not in the allowed
 * files list.
 *
 * @since 1.2.0
 *
 * @param string $file File path.
 * @param array  $allowed_files List of allowed files.
 * @return int 0 means nothing is wrong, greater than 0 means something was wrong.
 */
function validate_file( $file, $allowed_files = '' ) {
	if ( false !== strpos( $file, '..' ) )
		return 1;

	if ( false !== strpos( $file, './' ) )
		return 1;

	if ( ! empty( $allowed_files ) && ! in_array( $file, $allowed_files ) )
		return 3;

	if (':' == substr( $file, 1, 1 ) )
		return 2;

	return 0;
}

/**
 * Determine if SSL is used.
 *
 * @since 2.6.0
 *
 * @return bool True if SSL, false if not used.
 */
function is_ssl() {
	if ( isset($_SERVER['HTTPS']) ) {
		if ( 'on' == strtolower($_SERVER['HTTPS']) )
			return true;
		if ( '1' == $_SERVER['HTTPS'] )
			return true;
	} elseif ( isset($_SERVER['SERVER_PORT']) && ( '443' == $_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'] ) ) {
		return true;
	}
	return false;
}

/**
 * Whether SSL login should be forced.
 *
 * @since 2.6.0
 *
 * @see force_ssl_admin()
 *
 * @param string|bool $force Optional Whether to force SSL login. Default null.
 * @return bool True if forced, false if not forced.
 */
function force_ssl_login( $force = null ) {
	return force_ssl_admin( $force );
}

/**
 * Whether to force SSL used for the Administration Screens.
 *
 * @since 2.6.0
 *
 * @staticvar bool $forced
 *
 * @param string|bool $force Optional. Whether to force SSL in admin screens. Default null.
 * @return bool True if forced, false if not forced.
 */
function force_ssl_admin( $force = null ) {
	static $forced = false;

	if ( !is_null( $force ) ) {
		$old_forced = $forced;
		$forced = $force;
		return $old_forced;
	}

	return $forced;
}

/**
 * Guess the URL for the site.
 *
 * Will remove wp-admin links to retrieve only return URLs not in the wp-admin
 * directory.
 *
 * @since 2.6.0
 *
 * @return string The guessed URL.
 */
function wp_guess_url() {
	if ( defined('WP_SITEURL') && '' != WP_SITEURL ) {
		$url = WP_SITEURL;
	} else {
		$abspath_fix = str_replace( '\\', '/', ABSPATH );
		$script_filename_dir = dirname( $_SERVER['SCRIPT_FILENAME'] );

		// The request is for the admin
		if ( strpos( $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'], 'wp-admin' ) !== false || strpos( $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'], 'wp-login.php' ) !== false ) {
			$path = preg_replace( '#/(wp-admin/.*|wp-login.php)#i', '', $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'] );

		// The request is for a file in ABSPATH
		} elseif ( $script_filename_dir . '/' == $abspath_fix ) {
			// Strip off any file/query params in the path
			$path = preg_replace( '#/[^/]*$#i', '', $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] );

		} else {
			if ( false !== strpos( $_SERVER['SCRIPT_FILENAME'], $abspath_fix ) ) {
				// Request is hitting a file inside ABSPATH
				$directory = str_replace( ABSPATH, '', $script_filename_dir );
				// Strip off the sub directory, and any file/query params
				$path = preg_replace( '#/' . preg_quote( $directory, '#' ) . '/[^/]*$#i', '' , $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'] );
			} elseif ( false !== strpos( $abspath_fix, $script_filename_dir ) ) {
				// Request is hitting a file above ABSPATH
				$subdirectory = substr( $abspath_fix, strpos( $abspath_fix, $script_filename_dir ) + strlen( $script_filename_dir ) );
				// Strip off any file/query params from the path, appending the sub directory to the install
				$path = preg_replace( '#/[^/]*$#i', '' , $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'] ) . $subdirectory;
			} else {
				$path = $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'];
			}
		}

		$schema = is_ssl() ? 'https://' : 'http://'; // set_url_scheme() is not defined yet
		$url = $schema . $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'] . $path;
	}

	return rtrim($url, '/');
}

/**
 * Temporarily suspend cache additions.
 *
 * Stops more data being added to the cache, but still allows cache retrieval.
 * This is useful for actions, such as imports, when a lot of data would otherwise
 * be almost uselessly added to the cache.
 *
 * Suspension lasts for a single page load at most. Remember to call this
 * function again if you wish to re-enable cache adds earlier.
 *
 * @since 3.3.0
 *
 * @staticvar bool $_suspend
 *
 * @param bool $suspend Optional. Suspends additions if true, re-enables them if false.
 * @return bool The current suspend setting
 */
function wp_suspend_cache_addition( $suspend = null ) {
	static $_suspend = false;

	if ( is_bool( $suspend ) )
		$_suspend = $suspend;

	return $_suspend;
}

/**
 * Suspend cache invalidation.
 *
 * Turns cache invalidation on and off. Useful during imports where you don't wont to do
 * invalidations every time a post is inserted. Callers must be sure that what they are
 * doing won't lead to an inconsistent cache when invalidation is suspended.
 *
 * @since 2.7.0
 *
 * @global bool $_wp_suspend_cache_invalidation
 *
 * @param bool $suspend Optional. Whether to suspend or enable cache invalidation. Default true.
 * @return bool The current suspend setting.
 */
function wp_suspend_cache_invalidation( $suspend = true ) {
	global $_wp_suspend_cache_invalidation;

	$current_suspend = $_wp_suspend_cache_invalidation;
	$_wp_suspend_cache_invalidation = $suspend;
	return $current_suspend;
}

/**
 * Determine whether a site is the main site of the current network.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @global object $current_site
 *
 * @param int $site_id Optional. Site ID to test. Defaults to current site.
 *                     Defaults to current site.
 * @return bool True if $site_id is the main site of the network, or if not
 *              running Multisite.
 */
function is_main_site( $site_id = null ) {
	// This is the current network's information; 'site' is old terminology.
	global $current_site;

	if ( ! is_multisite() )
		return true;

	if ( ! $site_id )
		$site_id = get_current_blog_id();

	return (int) $site_id === (int) $current_site->blog_id;
}

/**
 * Determine whether a network is the main network of the Multisite install.
 *
 * @since 3.7.0
 *
 * @param int $network_id Optional. Network ID to test. Defaults to current network.
 * @return bool True if $network_id is the main network, or if not running Multisite.
 */
function is_main_network( $network_id = null ) {
	if ( ! is_multisite() ) {
		return true;
	}

	$current_network_id = (int) get_current_site()->id;

	if ( null === $network_id ) {
		$network_id = $current_network_id;
	}

	$network_id = (int) $network_id;

	return ( $network_id === get_main_network_id() );
}

/**
 * Get the main network ID.
 *
 * @since 4.3.0
 *
 * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
 *
 * @return int The ID of the main network.
 */
function get_main_network_id() {
	global $wpdb;

	if ( ! is_multisite() ) {
		return 1;
	}

	if ( defined( 'PRIMARY_NETWORK_ID' ) ) {
		$main_network_id = PRIMARY_NETWORK_ID;
	} elseif ( 1 === (int) get_current_site()->id ) {
		// If the current network has an ID of 1, assume it is the main network.
		$main_network_id = 1;
	} else {
		$main_network_id = wp_cache_get( 'primary_network_id', 'site-options' );

		if ( false === $main_network_id ) {
			$main_network_id = (int) $wpdb->get_var( "SELECT id FROM {$wpdb->site} ORDER BY id LIMIT 1" );
			wp_cache_add( 'primary_network_id', $main_network_id, 'site-options' );
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Filter the main network ID.
	 *
	 * @since 4.3.0
	 *
	 * @param int $main_network_id The ID of the main network.
	 */
	return (int) apply_filters( 'get_main_network_id', $main_network_id );
}

/**
 * Determine whether global terms are enabled.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @staticvar bool $global_terms
 *
 * @return bool True if multisite and global terms enabled.
 */
function global_terms_enabled() {
	if ( ! is_multisite() )
		return false;

	static $global_terms = null;
	if ( is_null( $global_terms ) ) {

		/**
		 * Filter whether global terms are enabled.
		 *
		 * Passing a non-null value to the filter will effectively short-circuit the function,
		 * returning the value of the 'global_terms_enabled' site option instead.
		 *
		 * @since 3.0.0
		 *
		 * @param null $enabled Whether global terms are enabled.
		 */
		$filter = apply_filters( 'global_terms_enabled', null );
		if ( ! is_null( $filter ) )
			$global_terms = (bool) $filter;
		else
			$global_terms = (bool) get_site_option( 'global_terms_enabled', false );
	}
	return $global_terms;
}

/**
 * gmt_offset modification for smart timezone handling.
 *
 * Overrides the gmt_offset option if we have a timezone_string available.
 *
 * @since 2.8.0
 *
 * @return float|false Timezone GMT offset, false otherwise.
 */
function wp_timezone_override_offset() {
	if ( !$timezone_string = get_option( 'timezone_string' ) ) {
		return false;
	}

	$timezone_object = timezone_open( $timezone_string );
	$datetime_object = date_create();
	if ( false === $timezone_object || false === $datetime_object ) {
		return false;
	}
	return round( timezone_offset_get( $timezone_object, $datetime_object ) / HOUR_IN_SECONDS, 2 );
}

/**
 * Sort-helper for timezones.
 *
 * @since 2.9.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param array $a
 * @param array $b
 * @return int
 */
function _wp_timezone_choice_usort_callback( $a, $b ) {
	// Don't use translated versions of Etc
	if ( 'Etc' === $a['continent'] && 'Etc' === $b['continent'] ) {
		// Make the order of these more like the old dropdown
		if ( 'GMT+' === substr( $a['city'], 0, 4 ) && 'GMT+' === substr( $b['city'], 0, 4 ) ) {
			return -1 * ( strnatcasecmp( $a['city'], $b['city'] ) );
		}
		if ( 'UTC' === $a['city'] ) {
			if ( 'GMT+' === substr( $b['city'], 0, 4 ) ) {
				return 1;
			}
			return -1;
		}
		if ( 'UTC' === $b['city'] ) {
			if ( 'GMT+' === substr( $a['city'], 0, 4 ) ) {
				return -1;
			}
			return 1;
		}
		return strnatcasecmp( $a['city'], $b['city'] );
	}
	if ( $a['t_continent'] == $b['t_continent'] ) {
		if ( $a['t_city'] == $b['t_city'] ) {
			return strnatcasecmp( $a['t_subcity'], $b['t_subcity'] );
		}
		return strnatcasecmp( $a['t_city'], $b['t_city'] );
	} else {
		// Force Etc to the bottom of the list
		if ( 'Etc' === $a['continent'] ) {
			return 1;
		}
		if ( 'Etc' === $b['continent'] ) {
			return -1;
		}
		return strnatcasecmp( $a['t_continent'], $b['t_continent'] );
	}
}

/**
 * Gives a nicely-formatted list of timezone strings.
 *
 * @since 2.9.0
 *
 * @staticvar bool $mo_loaded
 *
 * @param string $selected_zone Selected timezone.
 * @return string
 */
function wp_timezone_choice( $selected_zone ) {
	static $mo_loaded = false;

	$continents = array( 'Africa', 'America', 'Antarctica', 'Arctic', 'Asia', 'Atlantic', 'Australia', 'Europe', 'Indian', 'Pacific');

	// Load translations for continents and cities
	if ( !$mo_loaded ) {
		$locale = get_locale();
		$mofile = WP_LANG_DIR . '/continents-cities-' . $locale . '.mo';
		load_textdomain( 'continents-cities', $mofile );
		$mo_loaded = true;
	}

	$zonen = array();
	foreach ( timezone_identifiers_list() as $zone ) {
		$zone = explode( '/', $zone );
		if ( !in_array( $zone[0], $continents ) ) {
			continue;
		}

		// This determines what gets set and translated - we don't translate Etc/* strings here, they are done later
		$exists = array(
			0 => ( isset( $zone[0] ) && $zone[0] ),
			1 => ( isset( $zone[1] ) && $zone[1] ),
			2 => ( isset( $zone[2] ) && $zone[2] ),
		);
		$exists[3] = ( $exists[0] && 'Etc' !== $zone[0] );
		$exists[4] = ( $exists[1] && $exists[3] );
		$exists[5] = ( $exists[2] && $exists[3] );

		$zonen[] = array(
			'continent'   => ( $exists[0] ? $zone[0] : '' ),
			'city'        => ( $exists[1] ? $zone[1] : '' ),
			'subcity'     => ( $exists[2] ? $zone[2] : '' ),
			't_continent' => ( $exists[3] ? translate( str_replace( '_', ' ', $zone[0] ), 'continents-cities' ) : '' ),
			't_city'      => ( $exists[4] ? translate( str_replace( '_', ' ', $zone[1] ), 'continents-cities' ) : '' ),
			't_subcity'   => ( $exists[5] ? translate( str_replace( '_', ' ', $zone[2] ), 'continents-cities' ) : '' )
		);
	}
	usort( $zonen, '_wp_timezone_choice_usort_callback' );

	$structure = array();

	if ( empty( $selected_zone ) ) {
		$structure[] = '<option selected="selected" value="">' . __( 'Select a city' ) . '</option>';
	}

	foreach ( $zonen as $key => $zone ) {
		// Build value in an array to join later
		$value = array( $zone['continent'] );

		if ( empty( $zone['city'] ) ) {
			// It's at the continent level (generally won't happen)
			$display = $zone['t_continent'];
		} else {
			// It's inside a continent group

			// Continent optgroup
			if ( !isset( $zonen[$key - 1] ) || $zonen[$key - 1]['continent'] !== $zone['continent'] ) {
				$label = $zone['t_continent'];
				$structure[] = '<optgroup label="'. esc_attr( $label ) .'">';
			}

			// Add the city to the value
			$value[] = $zone['city'];

			$display = $zone['t_city'];
			if ( !empty( $zone['subcity'] ) ) {
				// Add the subcity to the value
				$value[] = $zone['subcity'];
				$display .= ' - ' . $zone['t_subcity'];
			}
		}

		// Build the value
		$value = join( '/', $value );
		$selected = '';
		if ( $value === $selected_zone ) {
			$selected = 'selected="selected" ';
		}
		$structure[] = '<option ' . $selected . 'value="' . esc_attr( $value ) . '">' . esc_html( $display ) . "</option>";

		// Close continent optgroup
		if ( !empty( $zone['city'] ) && ( !isset($zonen[$key + 1]) || (isset( $zonen[$key + 1] ) && $zonen[$key + 1]['continent'] !== $zone['continent']) ) ) {
			$structure[] = '</optgroup>';
		}
	}

	// Do UTC
	$structure[] = '<optgroup label="'. esc_attr__( 'UTC' ) .'">';
	$selected = '';
	if ( 'UTC' === $selected_zone )
		$selected = 'selected="selected" ';
	$structure[] = '<option ' . $selected . 'value="' . esc_attr( 'UTC' ) . '">' . __('UTC') . '</option>';
	$structure[] = '</optgroup>';

	// Do manual UTC offsets
	$structure[] = '<optgroup label="'. esc_attr__( 'Manual Offsets' ) .'">';
	$offset_range = array (-12, -11.5, -11, -10.5, -10, -9.5, -9, -8.5, -8, -7.5, -7, -6.5, -6, -5.5, -5, -4.5, -4, -3.5, -3, -2.5, -2, -1.5, -1, -0.5,
		0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, 4.5, 5, 5.5, 5.75, 6, 6.5, 7, 7.5, 8, 8.5, 8.75, 9, 9.5, 10, 10.5, 11, 11.5, 12, 12.75, 13, 13.75, 14);
	foreach ( $offset_range as $offset ) {
		if ( 0 <= $offset )
			$offset_name = '+' . $offset;
		else
			$offset_name = (string) $offset;

		$offset_value = $offset_name;
		$offset_name = str_replace(array('.25','.5','.75'), array(':15',':30',':45'), $offset_name);
		$offset_name = 'UTC' . $offset_name;
		$offset_value = 'UTC' . $offset_value;
		$selected = '';
		if ( $offset_value === $selected_zone )
			$selected = 'selected="selected" ';
		$structure[] = '<option ' . $selected . 'value="' . esc_attr( $offset_value ) . '">' . esc_html( $offset_name ) . "</option>";

	}
	$structure[] = '</optgroup>';

	return join( "\n", $structure );
}

/**
 * Strip close comment and close php tags from file headers used by WP.
 *
 * @since 2.8.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @see https://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/8497
 *
 * @param string $str Header comment to clean up.
 * @return string
 */
function _cleanup_header_comment( $str ) {
	return trim(preg_replace("/\s*(?:\*\/|\?>).*/", '', $str));
}

/**
 * Permanently delete comments or posts of any type that have held a status
 * of 'trash' for the number of days defined in EMPTY_TRASH_DAYS.
 *
 * The default value of `EMPTY_TRASH_DAYS` is 30 (days).
 *
 * @since 2.9.0
 *
 * @global wpdb $wpdb
 */
function wp_scheduled_delete() {
	global $wpdb;

	$delete_timestamp = time() - ( DAY_IN_SECONDS * EMPTY_TRASH_DAYS );

	$posts_to_delete = $wpdb->get_results($wpdb->prepare("SELECT post_id FROM $wpdb->postmeta WHERE meta_key = '_wp_trash_meta_time' AND meta_value < '%d'", $delete_timestamp), ARRAY_A);

	foreach ( (array) $posts_to_delete as $post ) {
		$post_id = (int) $post['post_id'];
		if ( !$post_id )
			continue;

		$del_post = get_post($post_id);

		if ( !$del_post || 'trash' != $del_post->post_status ) {
			delete_post_meta($post_id, '_wp_trash_meta_status');
			delete_post_meta($post_id, '_wp_trash_meta_time');
		} else {
			wp_delete_post($post_id);
		}
	}

	$comments_to_delete = $wpdb->get_results($wpdb->prepare("SELECT comment_id FROM $wpdb->commentmeta WHERE meta_key = '_wp_trash_meta_time' AND meta_value < '%d'", $delete_timestamp), ARRAY_A);

	foreach ( (array) $comments_to_delete as $comment ) {
		$comment_id = (int) $comment['comment_id'];
		if ( !$comment_id )
			continue;

		$del_comment = get_comment($comment_id);

		if ( !$del_comment || 'trash' != $del_comment->comment_approved ) {
			delete_comment_meta($comment_id, '_wp_trash_meta_time');
			delete_comment_meta($comment_id, '_wp_trash_meta_status');
		} else {
			wp_delete_comment($comment_id);
		}
	}
}

/**
 * Retrieve metadata from a file.
 *
 * Searches for metadata in the first 8kiB of a file, such as a plugin or theme.
 * Each piece of metadata must be on its own line. Fields can not span multiple
 * lines, the value will get cut at the end of the first line.
 *
 * If the file data is not within that first 8kiB, then the author should correct
 * their plugin file and move the data headers to the top.
 *
 * @link https://codex.wordpress.org/File_Header
 *
 * @since 2.9.0
 *
 * @param string $file            Path to the file.
 * @param array  $default_headers List of headers, in the format array('HeaderKey' => 'Header Name').
 * @param string $context         Optional. If specified adds filter hook "extra_{$context}_headers".
 *                                Default empty.
 * @return array Array of file headers in `HeaderKey => Header Value` format.
 */
function get_file_data( $file, $default_headers, $context = '' ) {
	// We don't need to write to the file, so just open for reading.
	$fp = fopen( $file, 'r' );

	// Pull only the first 8kiB of the file in.
	$file_data = fread( $fp, 8192 );

	// PHP will close file handle, but we are good citizens.
	fclose( $fp );

	// Make sure we catch CR-only line endings.
	$file_data = str_replace( "\r", "\n", $file_data );

	/**
	 * Filter extra file headers by context.
	 *
	 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$context`, refers to
	 * the context where extra headers might be loaded.
	 *
	 * @since 2.9.0
	 *
	 * @param array $extra_context_headers Empty array by default.
	 */
	if ( $context && $extra_headers = apply_filters( "extra_{$context}_headers", array() ) ) {
		$extra_headers = array_combine( $extra_headers, $extra_headers ); // keys equal values
		$all_headers = array_merge( $extra_headers, (array) $default_headers );
	} else {
		$all_headers = $default_headers;
	}

	foreach ( $all_headers as $field => $regex ) {
		if ( preg_match( '/^[ \t\/*#@]*' . preg_quote( $regex, '/' ) . ':(.*)$/mi', $file_data, $match ) && $match[1] )
			$all_headers[ $field ] = _cleanup_header_comment( $match[1] );
		else
			$all_headers[ $field ] = '';
	}

	return $all_headers;
}

/**
 * Returns true.
 *
 * Useful for returning true to filters easily.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @see __return_false()
 *
 * @return true True.
 */
function __return_true() {
	return true;
}

/**
 * Returns false.
 *
 * Useful for returning false to filters easily.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @see __return_true()
 *
 * @return false False.
 */
function __return_false() {
	return false;
}

/**
 * Returns 0.
 *
 * Useful for returning 0 to filters easily.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @return int 0.
 */
function __return_zero() {
	return 0;
}

/**
 * Returns an empty array.
 *
 * Useful for returning an empty array to filters easily.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @return array Empty array.
 */
function __return_empty_array() {
	return array();
}

/**
 * Returns null.
 *
 * Useful for returning null to filters easily.
 *
 * @since 3.4.0
 *
 * @return null Null value.
 */
function __return_null() {
	return null;
}

/**
 * Returns an empty string.
 *
 * Useful for returning an empty string to filters easily.
 *
 * @since 3.7.0
 *
 * @see __return_null()
 *
 * @return string Empty string.
 */
function __return_empty_string() {
	return '';
}

/**
 * Send a HTTP header to disable content type sniffing in browsers which support it.
 *
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @see http://blogs.msdn.com/ie/archive/2008/07/02/ie8-security-part-v-comprehensive-protection.aspx
 * @see http://src.chromium.org/viewvc/chrome?view=rev&revision=6985
 */
function send_nosniff_header() {
	@header( 'X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff' );
}

/**
 * Return a MySQL expression for selecting the week number based on the start_of_week option.
 *
 * @ignore
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param string $column Database column.
 * @return string SQL clause.
 */
function _wp_mysql_week( $column ) {
	switch ( $start_of_week = (int) get_option( 'start_of_week' ) ) {
	case 1 :
		return "WEEK( $column, 1 )";
	case 2 :
	case 3 :
	case 4 :
	case 5 :
	case 6 :
		return "WEEK( DATE_SUB( $column, INTERVAL $start_of_week DAY ), 0 )";
	case 0 :
	default :
		return "WEEK( $column, 0 )";
	}
}

/**
 * Find hierarchy loops using a callback function that maps object IDs to parent IDs.
 *
 * @since 3.1.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param callback $callback      Function that accepts ( ID, $callback_args ) and outputs parent_ID.
 * @param int      $start         The ID to start the loop check at.
 * @param int      $start_parent  The parent_ID of $start to use instead of calling $callback( $start ).
 *                                Use null to always use $callback
 * @param array    $callback_args Optional. Additional arguments to send to $callback.
 * @return array IDs of all members of loop.
 */
function wp_find_hierarchy_loop( $callback, $start, $start_parent, $callback_args = array() ) {
	$override = is_null( $start_parent ) ? array() : array( $start => $start_parent );

	if ( !$arbitrary_loop_member = wp_find_hierarchy_loop_tortoise_hare( $callback, $start, $override, $callback_args ) )
		return array();

	return wp_find_hierarchy_loop_tortoise_hare( $callback, $arbitrary_loop_member, $override, $callback_args, true );
}

/**
 * Use the "The Tortoise and the Hare" algorithm to detect loops.
 *
 * For every step of the algorithm, the hare takes two steps and the tortoise one.
 * If the hare ever laps the tortoise, there must be a loop.
 *
 * @since 3.1.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param callback $callback      Function that accepts ( ID, callback_arg, ... ) and outputs parent_ID.
 * @param int      $start         The ID to start the loop check at.
 * @param array    $override      Optional. An array of ( ID => parent_ID, ... ) to use instead of $callback.
 *                                Default empty array.
 * @param array    $callback_args Optional. Additional arguments to send to $callback. Default empty array.
 * @param bool     $_return_loop  Optional. Return loop members or just detect presence of loop? Only set
 *                                to true if you already know the given $start is part of a loop (otherwise
 *                                the returned array might include branches). Default false.
 * @return mixed Scalar ID of some arbitrary member of the loop, or array of IDs of all members of loop if
 *               $_return_loop
 */
function wp_find_hierarchy_loop_tortoise_hare( $callback, $start, $override = array(), $callback_args = array(), $_return_loop = false ) {
	$tortoise = $hare = $evanescent_hare = $start;
	$return = array();

	// Set evanescent_hare to one past hare
	// Increment hare two steps
	while (
		$tortoise
	&&
		( $evanescent_hare = isset( $override[$hare] ) ? $override[$hare] : call_user_func_array( $callback, array_merge( array( $hare ), $callback_args ) ) )
	&&
		( $hare = isset( $override[$evanescent_hare] ) ? $override[$evanescent_hare] : call_user_func_array( $callback, array_merge( array( $evanescent_hare ), $callback_args ) ) )
	) {
		if ( $_return_loop )
			$return[$tortoise] = $return[$evanescent_hare] = $return[$hare] = true;

		// tortoise got lapped - must be a loop
		if ( $tortoise == $evanescent_hare || $tortoise == $hare )
			return $_return_loop ? $return : $tortoise;

		// Increment tortoise by one step
		$tortoise = isset( $override[$tortoise] ) ? $override[$tortoise] : call_user_func_array( $callback, array_merge( array( $tortoise ), $callback_args ) );
	}

	return false;
}

/**
 * Send a HTTP header to limit rendering of pages to same origin iframes.
 *
 * @since 3.1.3
 *
 * @see https://developer.mozilla.org/en/the_x-frame-options_response_header
 */
function send_frame_options_header() {
	@header( 'X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN' );
}

/**
 * Retrieve a list of protocols to allow in HTML attributes.
 *
 * @since 3.3.0
 * @since 4.3.0 Added 'webcal' to the protocols array.
 *
 * @see wp_kses()
 * @see esc_url()
 *
 * @staticvar array $protocols
 *
 * @return array Array of allowed protocols. Defaults to an array containing 'http', 'https',
 *               'ftp', 'ftps', 'mailto', 'news', 'irc', 'gopher', 'nntp', 'feed', 'telnet',
 *               'mms', 'rtsp', 'svn', 'tel', 'fax', 'xmpp', and 'webcal'.
 */
function wp_allowed_protocols() {
	static $protocols = array();

	if ( empty( $protocols ) ) {
		$protocols = array( 'http', 'https', 'ftp', 'ftps', 'mailto', 'news', 'irc', 'gopher', 'nntp', 'feed', 'telnet', 'mms', 'rtsp', 'svn', 'tel', 'fax', 'xmpp', 'webcal' );

		/**
		 * Filter the list of protocols allowed in HTML attributes.
		 *
		 * @since 3.0.0
		 *
		 * @param array $protocols Array of allowed protocols e.g. 'http', 'ftp', 'tel', and more.
		 */
		$protocols = apply_filters( 'kses_allowed_protocols', $protocols );
	}

	return $protocols;
}

/**
 * Return a comma-separated string of functions that have been called to get
 * to the current point in code.
 *
 * @since 3.4.0
 *
 * @see https://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/19589
 *
 * @param string $ignore_class Optional. A class to ignore all function calls within - useful
 *                             when you want to just give info about the callee. Default null.
 * @param int    $skip_frames  Optional. A number of stack frames to skip - useful for unwinding
 *                             back to the source of the issue. Default 0.
 * @param bool   $pretty       Optional. Whether or not you want a comma separated string or raw
 *                             array returned. Default true.
 * @return string|array Either a string containing a reversed comma separated trace or an array
 *                      of individual calls.
 */
function wp_debug_backtrace_summary( $ignore_class = null, $skip_frames = 0, $pretty = true ) {
	if ( version_compare( PHP_VERSION, '5.2.5', '>=' ) )
		$trace = debug_backtrace( false );
	else
		$trace = debug_backtrace();

	$caller = array();
	$check_class = ! is_null( $ignore_class );
	$skip_frames++; // skip this function

	foreach ( $trace as $call ) {
		if ( $skip_frames > 0 ) {
			$skip_frames--;
		} elseif ( isset( $call['class'] ) ) {
			if ( $check_class && $ignore_class == $call['class'] )
				continue; // Filter out calls

			$caller[] = "{$call['class']}{$call['type']}{$call['function']}";
		} else {
			if ( in_array( $call['function'], array( 'do_action', 'apply_filters' ) ) ) {
				$caller[] = "{$call['function']}('{$call['args'][0]}')";
			} elseif ( in_array( $call['function'], array( 'include', 'include_once', 'require', 'require_once' ) ) ) {
				$caller[] = $call['function'] . "('" . str_replace( array( WP_CONTENT_DIR, ABSPATH ) , '', $call['args'][0] ) . "')";
			} else {
				$caller[] = $call['function'];
			}
		}
	}
	if ( $pretty )
		return join( ', ', array_reverse( $caller ) );
	else
		return $caller;
}

/**
 * Retrieve ids that are not already present in the cache.
 *
 * @since 3.4.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @param array  $object_ids ID list.
 * @param string $cache_key  The cache bucket to check against.
 *
 * @return array List of ids not present in the cache.
 */
function _get_non_cached_ids( $object_ids, $cache_key ) {
	$clean = array();
	foreach ( $object_ids as $id ) {
		$id = (int) $id;
		if ( !wp_cache_get( $id, $cache_key ) ) {
			$clean[] = $id;
		}
	}

	return $clean;
}

/**
 * Test if the current device has the capability to upload files.
 *
 * @since 3.4.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @return bool Whether the device is able to upload files.
 */
function _device_can_upload() {
	if ( ! wp_is_mobile() )
		return true;

	$ua = $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];

	if ( strpos($ua, 'iPhone') !== false
		|| strpos($ua, 'iPad') !== false
		|| strpos($ua, 'iPod') !== false ) {
			return preg_match( '#OS ([\d_]+) like Mac OS X#', $ua, $version ) && version_compare( $version[1], '6', '>=' );
	}

	return true;
}

/**
 * Test if a given path is a stream URL
 *
 * @param string $path The resource path or URL.
 * @return bool True if the path is a stream URL.
 */
function wp_is_stream( $path ) {
	$wrappers = stream_get_wrappers();
	$wrappers_re = '(' . join('|', $wrappers) . ')';

	return preg_match( "!^$wrappers_re://!", $path ) === 1;
}

/**
 * Test if the supplied date is valid for the Gregorian calendar.
 *
 * @since 3.5.0
 *
 * @see checkdate()
 *
 * @param  int    $month       Month number.
 * @param  int    $day         Day number.
 * @param  int    $year        Year number.
 * @param  string $source_date The date to filter.
 * @return bool True if valid date, false if not valid date.
 */
function wp_checkdate( $month, $day, $year, $source_date ) {
	/**
	 * Filter whether the given date is valid for the Gregorian calendar.
	 *
	 * @since 3.5.0
	 *
	 * @param bool   $checkdate   Whether the given date is valid.
	 * @param string $source_date Date to check.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'wp_checkdate', checkdate( $month, $day, $year ), $source_date );
}

/**
 * Load the auth check for monitoring whether the user is still logged in.
 *
 * Can be disabled with remove_action( 'admin_enqueue_scripts', 'wp_auth_check_load' );
 *
 * This is disabled for certain screens where a login screen could cause an
 * inconvenient interruption. A filter called wp_auth_check_load can be used
 * for fine-grained control.
 *
 * @since 3.6.0
 */
function wp_auth_check_load() {
	if ( ! is_admin() && ! is_user_logged_in() )
		return;

	if ( defined( 'IFRAME_REQUEST' ) )
		return;

	$screen = get_current_screen();
	$hidden = array( 'update', 'update-network', 'update-core', 'update-core-network', 'upgrade', 'upgrade-network', 'network' );
	$show = ! in_array( $screen->id, $hidden );

	/**
	 * Filter whether to load the authentication check.
	 *
	 * Passing a falsey value to the filter will effectively short-circuit
	 * loading the authentication check.
	 *
	 * @since 3.6.0
	 *
	 * @param bool      $show   Whether to load the authentication check.
	 * @param WP_Screen $screen The current screen object.
	 */
	if ( apply_filters( 'wp_auth_check_load', $show, $screen ) ) {
		wp_enqueue_style( 'wp-auth-check' );
		wp_enqueue_script( 'wp-auth-check' );

		add_action( 'admin_print_footer_scripts', 'wp_auth_check_html', 5 );
		add_action( 'wp_print_footer_scripts', 'wp_auth_check_html', 5 );
	}
}

/**
 * Output the HTML that shows the wp-login dialog when the user is no longer logged in.
 *
 * @since 3.6.0
 */
function wp_auth_check_html() {
	$login_url = wp_login_url();
	$current_domain = ( is_ssl() ? 'https://' : 'http://' ) . $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'];
	$same_domain = ( strpos( $login_url, $current_domain ) === 0 );

	/**
	 * Filter whether the authentication check originated at the same domain.
	 *
	 * @since 3.6.0
	 *
	 * @param bool $same_domain Whether the authentication check originated at the same domain.
	 */
	$same_domain = apply_filters( 'wp_auth_check_same_domain', $same_domain );
	$wrap_class = $same_domain ? 'hidden' : 'hidden fallback';

	?>
	<div id="wp-auth-check-wrap" class="<?php echo $wrap_class; ?>">
	<div id="wp-auth-check-bg"></div>
	<div id="wp-auth-check">
	<div class="wp-auth-check-close" tabindex="0" title="<?php esc_attr_e('Close'); ?>"></div>
	<?php

	if ( $same_domain ) {
		?>
		<div id="wp-auth-check-form" data-src="<?php echo esc_url( add_query_arg( array( 'interim-login' => 1 ), $login_url ) ); ?>"></div>
		<?php
	}

	?>
	<div class="wp-auth-fallback">
		<p><b class="wp-auth-fallback-expired" tabindex="0"><?php _e('Session expired'); ?></b></p>
		<p><a href="<?php echo esc_url( $login_url ); ?>" target="_blank"><?php _e('Please log in again.'); ?></a>
		<?php _e('The login page will open in a new window. After logging in you can close it and return to this page.'); ?></p>
	</div>
	</div>
	</div>
	<?php
}

/**
 * Check whether a user is still logged in, for the heartbeat.
 *
 * Send a result that shows a log-in box if the user is no longer logged in,
 * or if their cookie is within the grace period.
 *
 * @since 3.6.0
 *
 * @global int $login_grace_period
 *
 * @param array $response  The Heartbeat response.
 * @return array $response The Heartbeat response with 'wp-auth-check' value set.
 */
function wp_auth_check( $response ) {
	$response['wp-auth-check'] = is_user_logged_in() && empty( $GLOBALS['login_grace_period'] );
	return $response;
}

/**
 * Return RegEx body to liberally match an opening HTML tag.
 *
 * Matches an opening HTML tag that:
 * 1. Is self-closing or
 * 2. Has no body but has a closing tag of the same name or
 * 3. Contains a body and a closing tag of the same name
 *
 * Note: this RegEx does not balance inner tags and does not attempt
 * to produce valid HTML
 *
 * @since 3.6.0
 *
 * @param string $tag An HTML tag name. Example: 'video'.
 * @return string Tag RegEx.
 */
function get_tag_regex( $tag ) {
	if ( empty( $tag ) )
		return;
	return sprintf( '<%1$s[^<]*(?:>[\s\S]*<\/%1$s>|\s*\/>)', tag_escape( $tag ) );
}

/**
 * Retrieve a canonical form of the provided charset appropriate for passing to PHP
 * functions such as htmlspecialchars() and charset html attributes.
 *
 * @since 3.6.0
 * @access private
 *
 * @see https://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/23688
 *
 * @param string $charset A charset name.
 * @return string The canonical form of the charset.
 */
function _canonical_charset( $charset ) {
	if ( 'UTF-8' === $charset || 'utf-8' === $charset || 'utf8' === $charset ||
		'UTF8' === $charset )
		return 'UTF-8';

	if ( 'ISO-8859-1' === $charset || 'iso-8859-1' === $charset ||
		'iso8859-1' === $charset || 'ISO8859-1' === $charset )
		return 'ISO-8859-1';

	return $charset;
}

/**
 * Set the mbstring internal encoding to a binary safe encoding when func_overload
 * is enabled.
 *
 * When mbstring.func_overload is in use for multi-byte encodings, the results from
 * strlen() and similar functions respect the utf8 characters, causing binary data
 * to return incorrect lengths.
 *
 * This function overrides the mbstring encoding to a binary-safe encoding, and
 * resets it to the users expected encoding afterwards through the
 * `reset_mbstring_encoding` function.
 *
 * It is safe to recursively call this function, however each
 * `mbstring_binary_safe_encoding()` call must be followed up with an equal number
 * of `reset_mbstring_encoding()` calls.
 *
 * @since 3.7.0
 *
 * @see reset_mbstring_encoding()
 *
 * @staticvar array $encodings
 * @staticvar bool  $overloaded
 *
 * @param bool $reset Optional. Whether to reset the encoding back to a previously-set encoding.
 *                    Default false.
 */
function mbstring_binary_safe_encoding( $reset = false ) {
	static $encodings = array();
	static $overloaded = null;

	if ( is_null( $overloaded ) )
		$overloaded = function_exists( 'mb_internal_encoding' ) && ( ini_get( 'mbstring.func_overload' ) & 2 );

	if ( false === $overloaded )
		return;

	if ( ! $reset ) {
		$encoding = mb_internal_encoding();
		array_push( $encodings, $encoding );
		mb_internal_encoding( 'ISO-8859-1' );
	}

	if ( $reset && $encodings ) {
		$encoding = array_pop( $encodings );
		mb_internal_encoding( $encoding );
	}
}

/**
 * Reset the mbstring internal encoding to a users previously set encoding.
 *
 * @see mbstring_binary_safe_encoding()
 *
 * @since 3.7.0
 */
function reset_mbstring_encoding() {
	mbstring_binary_safe_encoding( true );
}

/**
 * Filter/validate a variable as a boolean.
 *
 * Alternative to `filter_var( $var, FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN )`.
 *
 * @since 4.0.0
 *
 * @param mixed $var Boolean value to validate.
 * @return bool Whether the value is validated.
 */
function wp_validate_boolean( $var ) {
	if ( is_bool( $var ) ) {
		return $var;
	}

	if ( is_string( $var ) && 'false' === strtolower( $var ) ) {
		return false;
	}

	return (bool) $var;
}

/**
 * Delete a file
 *
 * @since 4.2.0
 *
 * @param string $file The path to the file to delete.
 */
function wp_delete_file( $file ) {
	/**
	 * Filter the path of the file to delete.
	 *
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 *
	 * @param string $medium Path to the file to delete.
	 */
	$delete = apply_filters( 'wp_delete_file', $file );
	if ( ! empty( $delete ) ) {
		@unlink( $delete );
	}
}

/**
 * Outputs a small JS snippet on preview tabs/windows to remove `window.name` on unload.
 *
 * This prevents reusing the same tab for a preview when the user has navigated away.
 *
 * @since 4.3.0
 */
function wp_post_preview_js() {
	global $post;

	if ( ! is_preview() || empty( $post ) ) {
		return;
	}

	// Has to match the window name used in post_submit_meta_box()
	$name = 'wp-preview-' . (int) $post->ID;

	?>
	<script>
	( function() {
		var query = document.location.search;

		if ( query && query.indexOf( 'preview=true' ) !== -1 ) {
			window.name = '<?php echo $name; ?>';
		}

		if ( window.addEventListener ) {
			window.addEventListener( 'unload', function() { window.name = ''; }, false );
		}
	}());
	</script>
	<?php
}
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