nhcontrib /src/NHibernate.Spatial/src/Tests.NHibernate.Spatial/OgcSfSql11Compliance/ConformanceItemsFixture.cs

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using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Linq;
using GeoAPI.Geometries;
using NHibernate;
using NHibernate.Criterion;
using NHibernate.Linq;
using NHibernate.Spatial.Linq;
using NHibernate.Spatial.Metadata;
using NUnit.Framework;
using Tests.NHibernate.Spatial.OgcSfSql11Compliance.Model;

namespace Tests.NHibernate.Spatial.OgcSfSql11Compliance
{
	/// <summary>
	/// Adaptation of OGC SFSQL 1.1 Compliance Test Suite.
	/// 
	/// All conformance items should be specified as HQL queries 
	/// (server-side processed) and NTS methods (client-side processed).
	/// For example, see <c>ConformanceItemT11</c> and <c>ConformanceItemT11Hql</c>.
	/// </summary>
	public abstract class ConformanceItemsFixture : AbstractFixture
	{
		protected override Type[] Mappings
		{
			get
			{
				return new Type[] { 
					typeof(Bridge),
					typeof(Building),
					typeof(DividedRoute),
					typeof(Forest),
					typeof(Lake),
					typeof(MapNeatline),
					typeof(NamedPlace),
					typeof(Pond),
					typeof(RoadSegment),
					typeof(Stream),
				};
			}
		}

		private ISession session;

		protected override bool CheckDatabaseWasCleanedOnTearDown
		{
			get { return false; }
		}

		private const string SpatialReferenceSystemWKT =
@"PROJCS[""UTM_ZONE_14N"", GEOGCS[""World Geodetic System 72"",
DATUM[""WGS_72"",  SPHEROID[""NWL_10D"", 6378135, 298.26]],
PRIMEM[""Greenwich"", 0], UNIT[""Meter"", 1.0]],
PROJECTION[""Transverse_Mercator""],
PARAMETER[""False_Easting"", 500000.0],
PARAMETER[""False_Northing"", 0.0],
PARAMETER[""Central_Meridian"", -99.0],
PARAMETER[""Scale_Factor"", 0.9996],
PARAMETER[""Latitude_of_origin"", 0.0],
UNIT[""Meter"", 1.0]]";


		protected override void OnBeforeCreateSchema()
		{
			using (ISession session = sessions.OpenSession())
			{
                if (Metadata.SupportsSpatialMetadata(session, MetadataClass.SpatialReferenceSystem))
                {
                    session.Save(new SpatialReferenceSystem(101, "POSC", 32214, SpatialReferenceSystemWKT));
                    session.Flush();
                }
			}
		}

		protected override void OnAfterDropSchema()
		{
			using (ISession session = sessions.OpenSession())
			{
                if (Metadata.SupportsSpatialMetadata(session, MetadataClass.SpatialReferenceSystem))
                {
                    session.Delete("from SpatialReferenceSystem where SRID=101");
                    session.Flush();
                }
			}
		}

		protected override void OnTestFixtureSetUp()
		{
			using (ISession session = sessions.OpenSession())
			{
				// Lake
				session.Save(new Lake(101, "Blue Lake",
					Wkt.Read("POLYGON((52 18,66 23,73 9,48 6,52 18),(59 18,67 18,67 13,59 13,59 18))")));

				// RoadSegment
				session.Save(new RoadSegment(102, "Route 5", null, 2,
					Wkt.Read("LINESTRING( 0 18, 10 21, 16 23, 28 26, 44 31 )")));
				session.Save(new RoadSegment(103, "Route 5", "Main Street", 4,
					Wkt.Read("LINESTRING( 44 31, 56 34, 70 38 )")));
				session.Save(new RoadSegment(104, "Route 5", null, 2,
					Wkt.Read("LINESTRING( 70 38, 72 48 )")));
				session.Save(new RoadSegment(105, "Main Street", null, 4,
					Wkt.Read("LINESTRING( 70 38, 84 42 )")));
				session.Save(new RoadSegment(106, "Dirt Road by Green Forest", null, 1,
					Wkt.Read("LINESTRING( 28 26, 28 0 )")));

				// DividedRoute
				session.Save(new DividedRoute(119, "Route 75", 4,
					Wkt.Read("MULTILINESTRING((10 48,10 21,10 0),(16 0,16 23,16 48))")));

				// Forest
				session.Save(new Forest(109, "Green Forest",
					Wkt.Read("MULTIPOLYGON(((28 26,28 0,84 0,84 42,28 26),(52 18,66 23,73 9,48 6,52 18)),((59 18,67 18,67 13,59 13,59 18)))")));

				// Bridge
				session.Save(new Bridge(110, "Cam Bridge",
					Wkt.Read("POINT( 44 31 )")));

				// Stream
				session.Save(new Stream(111, "Cam Stream",
					Wkt.Read("LINESTRING( 38 48, 44 41, 41 36, 44 31, 52 18 )")));
				session.Save(new Stream(112, null,
					Wkt.Read("LINESTRING( 76 0, 78 4, 73 9 )")));

				// Building
				session.Save(new Building(113, "123 Main Street",
					Wkt.Read("POINT( 52 30 )"),
					Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 50 31, 54 31, 54 29, 50 29, 50 31) )")));
				session.Save(new Building(114, "215 Main Street",
					Wkt.Read("POINT( 64 33 )"),
					Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 66 34, 62 34, 62 32, 66 32, 66 34) )")));

				// Pond
				session.Save(new Pond(120, null, "Stock Pond",
					Wkt.Read("MULTIPOLYGON( ( ( 24 44, 22 42, 24 40, 24 44) ), ( ( 26 44, 26 40, 28 42, 26 44) ) )")));

				// NamedPlace
				session.Save(new NamedPlace(117, "Ashton",
					Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 62 48, 84 48, 84 30, 56 30, 56 34, 62 48) )")));
				session.Save(new NamedPlace(118, "Goose Island",
					Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13) )")));

				// MapNeatline
				session.Save(new MapNeatline(115,
					Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 0 0, 0 48, 84 48, 84 0, 0 0 ) )")));

				session.Flush();
			}
		}

		protected override void OnTestFixtureTearDown()
		{
			using (ISession session = sessions.OpenSession())
			{
				DeleteMappings(session);
			}
		}

		protected override void OnSetUp()
		{
			session = sessions.OpenSession();
		}

		protected override void OnTearDown()
		{
			session.Clear();
			session.Close();
			session.Dispose();
		}

		#region Queries testing functions in section 3.2.10.2 (T1 - T14)

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T1	
		/// GEOMETRY_COLUMNS table/view is created/updated properly	
		/// For this test we will check to see that all of the feature tables are 
		/// represented by entries in the GEOMETRY_COLUMNS table/view
		///
		/// ANSWER: lakes, road_segments, divided_routes, buildings, forests, bridges, 
		///         named_places, streams, ponds, map_neatlines
		/// *** ADAPTATION ALERT ***	
		/// Since there are no quotes around the table names in the CREATE TABLEs,
		/// they will be converted to upper case in many DBMSs, and therefore, the 
		/// answer to this query may be:
		/// ANSWER: LAKES, ROAD_SEGMENTS, DIVIDED_ROUTES, BUILDINGS, FORESTS, BRIDGES, 
		///         NAMED_PLACES, STREAMS, PONDS, MAP_NEATLINES
		/// *** ADAPTATION ALERT ***	
		/// If the implementer made the adaptation concerning the buildings table
		/// in sqltsch.sql, then the answer here may differ slightly.
		///	
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT f_table_name
		///		FROM geometry_columns;
		///	</code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT01Hql()
		{
            if (!Metadata.SupportsSpatialMetadata(session, MetadataClass.GeometryColumn))
            {
                Assert.Ignore("Provider does not support spatial metadata");
            }

			string[] tables = new string[] {
				"lakes",
				"road_segments",
				"divided_routes",
				"buildings",
				"forests",
				"bridges",
				"named_places",
				"streams",
				"ponds",
				"map_neatlines",
			};
			IList results = session.CreateQuery("select distinct g.TableName from GeometryColumn g").List();

			Assert.AreEqual(tables.Length, results.Count);

			foreach (string tableName in results)
			{
				bool found = (Array.IndexOf<string>(tables, tableName) != -1);
				Assert.IsTrue(found);
			}
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T2	
		/// GEOMETRY_COLUMNS table/view is created/updated properly	
		/// For this test we will check to see that the correct geometry columns for the 
		/// streams table is represented in the GEOMETRY_COLUMNS table/view
		///
		/// ANSWER: centerline
		/// *** ADAPTATION ALERT ***	
		/// Since there are no quotes around the table name, streams, in it's CREATE TABLE,
		/// it will be converted to upper case in many DBMSs, and therefore, the WHERE 
		/// clause may have to be f_table_name = 'STREAMS'.
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT f_geometry_column
		///		FROM geometry_columns
		///		WHERE f_table_name = 'streams';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT02Hql()
		{
			if (!Metadata.SupportsSpatialMetadata(session, MetadataClass.GeometryColumn))
            {
                Assert.Ignore("Provider does not support spatial metadata");
            }
			var query = session.CreateQuery(@"
				select g.Name
				from GeometryColumn g
				where g.TableName = 'streams'
				");

			string result = query.UniqueResult<string>();

			Assert.AreEqual("centerline", result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT02Linq()
		{
			if (!Metadata.SupportsSpatialMetadata(session, MetadataClass.GeometryColumn))
            {
                Assert.Ignore("Provider does not support spatial metadata");
            }
			var query =
				from g in session.Query<GeometryColumn>()
				where g.TableName == "streams"
				select g.Name;

			string result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual("centerline", result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T3	
		/// GEOMETRY_COLUMNS table/view is created/updated properly	
		/// For this test we will check to see that the correct coordinate dimension 
		/// for the streams table is represented in the GEOMETRY_COLUMNS table/view
		///
		/// ANSWER: 2	
		/// *** ADAPTATION ALERT ***	
		/// Since there are no quotes around the table name, streams, in it's CREATE TABLE,
		/// it will be converted to upper case in many DBMSs, and therefore, the WHERE 
		/// clause may have to be f_table_name = 'STREAMS'.
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT coord_dimension
		///		FROM geometry_columns
		///		WHERE f_table_name = 'streams';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT03Hql()
		{
			if (!Metadata.SupportsSpatialMetadata(session, MetadataClass.GeometryColumn))
            {
                Assert.Ignore("Provider does not support spatial metadata");
            }
			var query = session.CreateQuery(@"
				select g.Dimension
				from GeometryColumn g
				where g.TableName = 'streams'
				");

			int result = query.UniqueResult<int>();

			Assert.AreEqual(2, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT03Linq()
		{
			if (!Metadata.SupportsSpatialMetadata(session, MetadataClass.GeometryColumn))
            {
                Assert.Ignore("Provider does not support spatial metadata");
            }
			var query = 
				from g in session.Query<GeometryColumn >()
				where g.TableName == "streams"
				select g.Dimension;

			int result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(2, result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T4	
		/// GEOMETRY_COLUMNS table/view is created/updated properly	
		/// For this test we will check to see that the correct value of srid for 
		/// the streams table is represented in the GEOMETRY_COLUMNS table/view
		///
		/// ANSWER: 101	
		/// *** ADAPTATION ALERT ***	
		/// Since there are no quotes around the table name, streams, in it's CREATE TABLE,
		/// it will be converted to upper case in many DBMSs, and therefore, the WHERE 
		/// clause may have to be f_table_name = 'STREAMS'.
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT srid
		///		FROM geometry_columns
		///		WHERE f_table_name = 'streams';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT04Hql()
		{
			if (!Metadata.SupportsSpatialMetadata(session, MetadataClass.GeometryColumn))
            {
                Assert.Ignore("Provider does not support spatial metadata");
            }
			var query = session.CreateQuery(@"
				select g.SRID
				from GeometryColumn g
				where g.TableName = 'streams'
				");

			int result = query.UniqueResult<int>();

			Assert.AreEqual(101, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT04Linq()
		{
			if (!Metadata.SupportsSpatialMetadata(session, MetadataClass.GeometryColumn))
            {
                Assert.Ignore("Provider does not support spatial metadata");
            }
			var query = 
				from g in session.Query<GeometryColumn >()
				where g.TableName == "streams"
				select g.SRID;

			int result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(101, result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T5
		/// SPATIAL_REF_SYS table/view is created/updated properly
		/// For this test we will check to see that the correct value of srtext is 
		/// represented in the SPATIAL_REF_SYS table/view
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'PROJCS["UTM_ZONE_14N", GEOGCS["World Geodetic System 72", 
		///           DATUM["WGS_72",  SPHEROID["NWL_10D", 6378135, 298.26]], 
		///           PRIMEM["Greenwich", 0], UNIT["Meter", 1.0]], 
		///           PROJECTION["Traverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["False_Easting", 500000.0], 
		///           PARAMETER["False_Northing", 0.0], PARAMETER["Central_Meridian", -99.0], 
		///           PARAMETER["Scale_Factor", 0.9996], PARAMETER["Latitude_of_origin", 0.0], 
		///           UNIT["Meter", 1.0]]'	
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT srtext
		///		FROM SPATIAL_REF_SYS
		///		WHERE SRID = 101;
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT05Hql()
		{
			if (!Metadata.SupportsSpatialMetadata(session, MetadataClass.SpatialReferenceSystem))
            {
                Assert.Ignore("Provider does not support spatial metadata");
            }
            SpatialReferenceSystem srs = session.CreateQuery(
				"from SpatialReferenceSystem where SRID=101")
				.UniqueResult<SpatialReferenceSystem>();

			Assert.IsNotNull(srs);
			Assert.AreEqual(SpatialReferenceSystemWKT, srs.WellKnownText);

			// Alternative syntax for identifiers:
			srs = session.CreateQuery(
				"from SpatialReferenceSystem s where s=101")
				.UniqueResult<SpatialReferenceSystem>();

			Assert.IsNotNull(srs);
			Assert.AreEqual(SpatialReferenceSystemWKT, srs.WellKnownText);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT05Linq()
		{
			if (!Metadata.SupportsSpatialMetadata(session, MetadataClass.SpatialReferenceSystem))
            {
                Assert.Ignore("Provider does not support spatial metadata");
            }
			var query =
				from s in session.Query<SpatialReferenceSystem>()
				where s.SRID == 101
				select s;
			
			var srs = query.Single();

			Assert.IsNotNull(srs);
			Assert.AreEqual(SpatialReferenceSystemWKT, srs.WellKnownText);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT05Get()
		{
			if (!Metadata.SupportsSpatialMetadata(session, MetadataClass.SpatialReferenceSystem))
            {
                Assert.Ignore("Provider does not support spatial metadata");
            }
            SpatialReferenceSystem srs = session.Get<SpatialReferenceSystem>(101);
			Assert.IsNotNull(srs);
			Assert.AreEqual(SpatialReferenceSystemWKT, srs.WellKnownText);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT05Criteria()
		{
			if (!Metadata.SupportsSpatialMetadata(session, MetadataClass.SpatialReferenceSystem))
            {
                Assert.Ignore("Provider does not support spatial metadata");
            }
            SpatialReferenceSystem srs = session.CreateCriteria(typeof(SpatialReferenceSystem))
				.Add(Restrictions.IdEq(101))
				.UniqueResult<SpatialReferenceSystem>();

			Assert.IsNotNull(srs);
			Assert.AreEqual(SpatialReferenceSystemWKT, srs.WellKnownText);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T6	
		/// Dimension(g Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine the dimension of Blue Lake.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 2
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Dimension(shore)
		///		FROM lakes
		///		WHERE name = 'Blue Lake';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT06()
		{
			Lake lake = session.CreateCriteria(typeof(Lake))
			.Add(Restrictions.Eq("Name", "Blue Lake"))
			.UniqueResult<Lake>();

			Assert.AreEqual(2, (int)lake.Shore.Dimension);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT06Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Dimension(t.Shore)
from Lake t
where t.Name = 'Blue Lake'
";
			int result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<int>();

			Assert.AreEqual(2, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT06Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<Lake>()
				where t.Name == "Blue Lake"
				select t.Shore.GetDimension();

			int result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(2, result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T7	
		/// GeometryType(g Geometry) : String
		/// For this test we will determine the type of Route 75.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 9 (which corresponds to 'MULTILINESTRING')
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT GeometryType(centerlines)
		///		FROM lakes
		///		WHERE name = 'Route 75';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		/// <remarks>
		/// Correction:
		/// * Table name should be DIVIDED_ROUTES instead of LAKES
		/// </remarks>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT07()
		{
			DividedRoute route = session.CreateCriteria(typeof(DividedRoute))
				.Add(Restrictions.Eq("Name", "Route 75"))
				.UniqueResult<DividedRoute>();
			Assert.AreEqual("MULTILINESTRING", route.Centerlines.GeometryType.ToUpper());
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT07Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.GeometryType(t.Centerlines)
from DividedRoute t
where t.Name = 'Route 75'
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			Assert.AreEqual("MULTILINESTRING", result.ToUpper());
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT07Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<DividedRoute>()
				where t.Name == "Route 75"
				select t.Centerlines.GeometryType;

			string result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual("MULTILINESTRING", result.ToUpper());
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T8	
		/// AsText(g Geometry) : String
		/// For this test we will determine the WKT representation of Goose Island.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'POLYGON( ( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13) )'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT AsText(boundary)
		///		FROM named_places
		///		WHERE name = 'Goose Island';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT08()
		{
			NamedPlace place = session.CreateCriteria(typeof(NamedPlace))
				.Add(Restrictions.Eq("Name", "Goose Island"))
				.UniqueResult<NamedPlace>();

			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13) )");
			
			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(place.Boundary));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT08Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select t.Boundary
from NamedPlace t
where t.Name = 'Goose Island'
";
			IGeometry result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<IGeometry>();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13) )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(result));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT08Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where t.Name == "Goose Island"
				select t.Boundary;

			IGeometry result = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13) )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(result));
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T9	
		/// AsBinary(g Geometry) : Blob
		/// For this test we will determine the WKB representation of Goose Island.
		/// We will test by applying AsText to the result of PolygonFromText to the 
		/// result of AsBinary.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'POLYGON( ( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13) )'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT AsText(PolygonFromWKB(AsBinary(boundary)))
		///		FROM named_places
		///		WHERE name = 'Goose Island';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT09Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.PolyFromWKB(NHSP.AsBinary(t.Boundary), 0))
from NamedPlace t
where t.Name = 'Goose Island'
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13) )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		[Ignore("TODO: ToPolygon")]
		public void ConformanceItemT09Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where t.Name == "Goose Island"
				select t.Boundary.AsBinary().ToPolygon(0);

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13) )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T10	
		/// SRID(g Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine the SRID of Goose Island.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 101
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT SRID(boundary)
		///		FROM named_places
		///		WHERE name = 'Goose Island';
		///	</code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT10Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.SRID(t.Boundary)
from NamedPlace t
where t.Name = 'Goose Island'
";
			int result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<int>();

			Assert.AreEqual(101, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT10Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where t.Name == "Goose Island"
				select t.Boundary.SRID;

			int result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(101, result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T11	
		/// IsEmpty(g Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine whether the geometry of a 
		/// segment of Route 5 is empty.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 0
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides IsEmpty as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: FALSE or 'f'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT IsEmpty(centerline)
		///		FROM road_segments
		///		WHERE name = 'Route 5' AND aliases = 'Main Street';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT11()
		{
			RoadSegment entity = session.CreateCriteria(typeof(RoadSegment))
				.Add(Restrictions.Eq("Name", "Route 5"))
				.Add(Restrictions.Eq("Aliases", "Main Street"))
				.UniqueResult<RoadSegment>();

			Assert.IsFalse(entity.Centerline.IsEmpty);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT11Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.IsEmpty(t.Centerline)
from RoadSegment t
where t.Name = 'Route 5' and t.Aliases = 'Main Street'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsFalse(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT11Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<RoadSegment>()
				where t.Name == "Route 5" && t.Aliases == "Main Street"
				select t.Centerline.IsEmpty;

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsFalse(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T12	
		/// IsSimple(g Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine whether the geometry of a 
		/// segment of Blue Lake is simple.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides IsSimple as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: TRUE or 't'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT IsSimple(shore)
		///		FROM lakes
		///		WHERE name = 'Blue Lake';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT12()
		{
			Lake entity = session.CreateCriteria(typeof(Lake))
				.Add(Restrictions.Eq("Name", "Blue Lake"))
				.UniqueResult<Lake>();

			Assert.IsTrue(entity.Shore.IsSimple);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT12Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.IsSimple(t.Shore)
from Lake t
where t.Name = 'Blue Lake'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT12Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<Lake>()
				where t.Name == "Blue Lake"
				select t.Shore.IsSimple;

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T13	
		/// Boundary(g Geometry) : Geometry
		/// For this test we will determine the boundary of Goose Island.
		/// NOTE: The boundary result is as defined in 3.12.3.2 of 96-015R1.
		/// 
		/// ANSWER: 'LINESTRING( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13 )'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT AsText(Boundary((boundary))
		///		FROM named_places
		///		WHERE name = 'Goose Island';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT13()
		{
			NamedPlace entity = session.CreateCriteria(typeof(NamedPlace))
				.Add(Restrictions.Eq("Name", "Goose Island"))
				.UniqueResult<NamedPlace>();

			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("LINESTRING( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(entity.Boundary.Boundary));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT13Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.Boundary(t.Boundary))
from NamedPlace t
where t.Name = 'Goose Island'
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("LINESTRING( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT13Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where t.Name == "Goose Island"
				select t.Boundary.Boundary;

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("LINESTRING( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T14	
		/// Envelope(g Geometry) : Geometry
		/// For this test we will determine the envelope of Goose Island.
		/// 
		/// ANSWER: 'POLYGON( ( 59 13, 59 18, 67 18, 67 13, 59 13) )'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT AsText(Envelope((boundary))
		///		FROM named_places
		///		WHERE name = 'Goose Island';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT14Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.Envelope(t.Boundary))
from NamedPlace t
where t.Name = 'Goose Island'
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 59 13, 59 18, 67 18, 67 13, 59 13) )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT14Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where t.Name == "Goose Island"
				select t.Boundary.Envelope;

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 59 13, 59 18, 67 18, 67 13, 59 13) )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		#endregion

		#region Queries testing functions in section 3.2.11.2 (T15 - T16)


		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T15	
		/// X(p Point) : Double Precision
		/// For this test we will determine the X coordinate of Cam Bridge.
		/// 
		/// ANSWER: 44.00
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT X(position)
		///		FROM bridges
		///		WHERE name = 'Bridges';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		/// <remarks>
		/// Correction:
		/// * Bridge name should be 'Cam Bridge'
		/// </remarks>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT15Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.X(t.Position)
from Bridge t
where t.Name = 'Cam Bridge'
";
			double result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<double>();

			Assert.AreEqual(44, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT15Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<Bridge>()
				where t.Name == "Cam Bridge"
				select ((IPoint)t.Position).X;

			double result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(44, result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T16	
		/// Y(p Point) : Double Precision
		/// For this test we will determine the Y coordinate of Cam Bridge.
		/// 
		/// ANSWER: 31.00
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Y(position)
		///		FROM bridges
		///		WHERE name = 'Bridges';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		/// <remarks>
		/// Correction:
		/// * Bridge name should be 'Cam Bridge'
		/// </remarks>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT16Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Y(t.Position)
from Bridge t
where t.Name = 'Cam Bridge'
";
			double result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<double>();

			Assert.AreEqual(31, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT16Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<Bridge >()
				where t.Name == "Cam Bridge"
				select ((IPoint)t.Position).Y;

			double result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(31, result);
		}

		#endregion
		
		#region Queries testing functions in section 3.2.12.2 (T17 - T21)

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T17	
		/// StartPoint(c Curve) : Point
		/// For this test we will determine the start point of road segment 102.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'POINT( 0 18 )'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT AsText(StartPoint(centerline))
		///		FROM road_segments
		///		WHERE fid = 102;
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT17Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.StartPoint(t.Centerline))
from RoadSegment t
where t.Fid = 102
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POINT( 0 18 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT17Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<RoadSegment>()
				where t.Fid == 102
				select ((ICurve)t.Centerline).StartPoint;

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POINT( 0 18 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T18	
		/// EndPoint(c Curve) : Point
		/// For this test we will determine the end point of road segment 102.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'POINT( 44 31 )'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT AsText(EndPoint(centerline))
		///		FROM road_segments
		///		WHERE fid = 102;
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT18Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.EndPoint(t.Centerline))
from RoadSegment t
where t.Fid = 102
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POINT( 44 31 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT18Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<RoadSegment>()
				where t.Fid == 102
				select ((ICurve)t.Centerline).EndPoint;

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POINT( 44 31 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T19	
		/// IsClosed(c Curve) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine the boundary of Goose Island.
		/// 
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides IsClosed as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: TRUE or 't'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT IsClosed(Boundary(boundary))
		///		FROM named_places
		///		WHERE name = 'Goose Island';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT19Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.IsClosed(NHSP.Boundary(t.Boundary))
from NamedPlace t
where t.Name = 'Goose Island'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT19Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where t.Name == "Goose Island"
				select ((ICurve)t.Boundary.Boundary).IsClosed;

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T20	
		/// IsRing(c Curve) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine the boundary of Goose Island.
		/// 
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides IsRing as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: TRUE or 't'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT IsRing(Boundary(boundary))
		///		FROM named_places
		///		WHERE name = 'Goose Island';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT20Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.IsRing(NHSP.Boundary(t.Boundary))
from NamedPlace t
where t.Name = 'Goose Island'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT20Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where t.Name == "Goose Island"
				select ((ICurve)t.Boundary.Boundary).IsRing;

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T21	
		/// Length(c Curve) : Double Precision
		/// For this test we will determine the length of road segment 106.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 26.00 (meters)
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Length(centerline)
		///		FROM road_segments 
		///		WHERE fid = 106;
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT21Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Length(t.Centerline)
from RoadSegment t
where t.Fid = 106
";
			double result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<double>();

			Assert.AreEqual(26, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT21Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<RoadSegment>()
				where t.Fid == 106
				select t.Centerline.Length;

			double result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(26, result);
		}

		#endregion

		#region Queries testing functions in section 3.2.13.2 (T22 - T23)

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T22	
		/// NumPoints(l LineString) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine the number of points in road segment 102.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 5
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT NumPoints(centerline)
		///		FROM road_segments 
		///		WHERE fid = 102;
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT22Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.NumPoints(t.Centerline)
from RoadSegment t
where t.Fid = 102
";
			int result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<int>();

			Assert.AreEqual(5, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT22Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<RoadSegment>()
				where t.Fid == 102
				select t.Centerline.NumPoints;

			int result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(5, result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T23	
		/// PointN(l LineString, n Integer) : Point
		/// For this test we will determine the 1st point in road segment 102.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'POINT( 0 18 )'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT AsText(PointN(centerline, 1))
		///		FROM road_segments 
		///		WHERE fid = 102;
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT23Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.PointN(t.Centerline, 1))
from RoadSegment t
where t.Fid = 102
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POINT( 0 18 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT23Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<RoadSegment>()
				where t.Fid == 102
				select ((ILineString)t.Centerline).GetPointN(0);

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POINT( 0 18 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		#endregion

		#region Queries testing functions in section 3.2.14. (T24 - T26)

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T24	
		/// Centroid(s Surface) : Point
		/// For this test we will determine the centroid of Goose Island.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'POINT( 63 15.5 )'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT AsText(Centroid(boundary))
		///		FROM named_places 
		///		WHERE name = 'Goose Island';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT24Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.Centroid(t.Boundary))
from NamedPlace t
where t.Name = 'Goose Island'
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POINT( 63 15.5 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT24Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where t.Name == "Goose Island"
				select t.Boundary.Centroid;

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POINT( 63 15.5 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T25	
		/// PointOnSurface(s Surface) : Point
		/// For this test we will determine a point on Goose Island.
		/// NOTE: For this test we will have to uses the Contains function
		///       (which we don't test until later).
		///
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides Contains as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: TRUE or 't'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Contains(boundary, PointOnSurface(boundary))
		///		FROM named_places 
		///		WHERE name = 'Goose Island';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT25()
		{
			NamedPlace entity = session.CreateCriteria(typeof(NamedPlace))
				.Add(Restrictions.Eq("Name", "Goose Island"))
				.UniqueResult<NamedPlace>();

			Assert.IsTrue(entity.Boundary.Contains(entity.Boundary.PointOnSurface));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT25Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Contains(t.Boundary, NHSP.PointOnSurface(t.Boundary))
from NamedPlace t
where t.Name = 'Goose Island'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT25Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where t.Name == "Goose Island"
				select t.Boundary.Contains(t.Boundary.PointOnSurface);

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T26	
		/// Area(s Surface) : Double Precision
		/// For this test we will determine the area of Goose Island.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 40.00 (square meters)
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Area(boundary)
		///		FROM named_places 
		///		WHERE name = 'Goose Island';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT26Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Area(t.Boundary)
from NamedPlace t
where t.Name = 'Goose Island'
";
			double result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<double>();

			Assert.AreEqual(40, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT26Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where t.Name == "Goose Island"
				select t.Boundary.Area;

			double result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(40, result);
		}

		#endregion

		#region Queries testing functions in section 3.2.15.2 (T27 - T29)

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T27	
		/// ExteriorRing(p Polygon) : LineString
		/// For this test we will determine the exteroir ring of Blue Lake.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'LINESTRING(52 18, 66 23, 73  9, 48  6, 52 18)'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT AsText(ExteriorRing(shore))
		///		FROM lakes 
		///		WHERE name = 'Blue Lake';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT27Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.ExteriorRing(t.Shore))
from Lake t
where t.Name = 'Blue Lake'
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("LINESTRING(52 18, 66 23, 73  9, 48  6, 52 18)");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT27Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<Lake>()
				where t.Name == "Blue Lake"
				select ((IPolygon)t.Shore).ExteriorRing;

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("LINESTRING(52 18, 66 23, 73  9, 48  6, 52 18)");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T28	
		/// NumInteriorRings(p Polygon) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine the number of interior rings of Blue Lake.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 1
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT NumInteriorRings(shore)
		///		FROM lakes 
		///		WHERE name = 'Blue Lake';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT28Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.NumInteriorRings(t.Shore)
from Lake t
where t.Name = 'Blue Lake'
";
			int result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<int>();

			Assert.AreEqual(1, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT28Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<Lake>()
				where t.Name == "Blue Lake"
				select ((IPolygon)t.Shore).NumInteriorRings;

			int result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(1, result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T29	
		/// InteriorRingN(p Polygon, n Integer) : LineString
		/// For this test we will determine the first interior ring of Blue Lake.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'LINESTRING(59 18, 67 18, 67 13, 59 13, 59 18)'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT AsText(InteriorRingN(shore, 1))
		///		FROM lakes 
		///		WHERE name = 'Blue Lake';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT29()
		{
			Lake entity = session.CreateCriteria(typeof(Lake))
				.Add(Restrictions.Eq("Name", "Blue Lake"))
				.UniqueResult<Lake>();

			IGeometry geometry = (entity.Shore as IPolygon).InteriorRings[0];
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("LINESTRING(59 18, 67 18, 67 13, 59 13, 59 18)");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT29Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.InteriorRingN(t.Shore, 1))
from Lake t
where t.Name = 'Blue Lake'
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("LINESTRING(59 18, 67 18, 67 13, 59 13, 59 18)");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT29Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<Lake>()
				where t.Name == "Blue Lake"
				select ((IPolygon)t.Shore).GetInteriorRingN(0);

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("LINESTRING(59 18, 67 18, 67 13, 59 13, 59 18)");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		#endregion

		#region Queries testing functions in section 3.2.16.2 (T30 - T31)

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T30	
		/// NumGeometries(g GeometryCollection) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine the number of geometries in Route 75.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 2
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT NumGeometries(centerlines)
		///		FROM divided_routes 
		///		WHERE name = 'Route 75';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT30Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.NumGeometries(t.Centerlines)
from DividedRoute t
where t.Name = 'Route 75'
";
			int result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<int>();

			Assert.AreEqual(2, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT30Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<DividedRoute>()
				where t.Name == "Route 75"
				select t.Centerlines.NumGeometries;

			int result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(2, result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T31	
		/// GeometryN(g GeometryCollection, n Integer) : Geometry
		/// For this test we will determine the second geometry in Route 75.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'LINESTRING( 16 0, 16 23, 16 48 )'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT GeometryN(centerlines, 2)
		///		FROM divided_routes 
		///		WHERE name = 'Route 75';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT31()
		{
			DividedRoute entity = session.CreateCriteria(typeof(DividedRoute))
				.Add(Restrictions.Eq("Name", "Route 75"))
				.UniqueResult<DividedRoute>();

			IGeometry geometry = (entity.Centerlines as IMultiLineString).Geometries[1];
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("LINESTRING( 16 0, 16 23, 16 48 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT31Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.GeometryN(t.Centerlines, 2))
from DividedRoute t
where t.Name = 'Route 75'
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("LINESTRING( 16 0, 16 23, 16 48 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT31Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<DividedRoute>()
				where t.Name == "Route 75"
				select t.Centerlines.GetGeometryN(1);

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("LINESTRING( 16 0, 16 23, 16 48 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		#endregion

		#region Queries testing functions in section 3.2.17.2 (T31 - T33)

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T32	
		/// IsClosed(mc MultiCurve) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine if the geometry of Route 75 is closed.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 0
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides IsClosed as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: FALSE or 'f'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT IsClosed(centerlines)
		///		FROM divided_routes 
		///		WHERE name = 'Route 75';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT32Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.IsClosed(t.Centerlines)
from DividedRoute t
where t.Name = 'Route 75'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsFalse(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT32Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<DividedRoute>()
				where t.Name == "Route 75"
				select ((ICurve)t.Centerlines).IsClosed;
			
			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsFalse(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T33	
		/// Length(mc MultiCurve) : Double Precision
		/// For this test we will determine the length of Route 75.
		/// NOTE: This makes no semantic sense in our example...
		///
		/// ANSWER: 96.00 (meters)
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Length(centerlines)
		///		FROM divided_routes 
		///		WHERE name = 'Route 75';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT33Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Length(t.Centerlines)
from DividedRoute t
where t.Name = 'Route 75'
";
			double result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<double>();

			Assert.AreEqual(96, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT33Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<DividedRoute>()
				where t.Name == "Route 75"
				select t.Centerlines.Length;

			double result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(96, result);
		}

		#endregion

		#region Queries testing functions in section 3.2.18.2 (T34 - T36)

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T34	
		/// Centroid(ms MultiSurface) : Point
		/// For this test we will determine the centroid of the ponds.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'POINT( 25 42 )'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT AsText(Centroid(shores))
		///		FROM ponds 
		///		WHERE fid = 120;
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT34Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.Centroid(t.Shores))
from Pond t
where t.Fid = 120
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POINT( 25 42 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}
		
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT34Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<Pond>()
				where t.Fid == 120
				select t.Shores.Centroid;

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POINT( 25 42 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}
		
		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T35	
		/// PointOnSurface(ms MultiSurface) : Point
		/// For this test we will determine a point on the ponds.
		/// NOTE: For this test we will have to uses the Contains function
		///       (which we don't test until later).
		///
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides Contains as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: TRUE or 't'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Contains(shores, PointOnSurface(shores))
		///		FROM ponds 
		///		WHERE fid = 120;
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT35()
		{
			Pond entity = session.CreateCriteria(typeof(Pond))
				.Add(Restrictions.Eq("Fid", (long)120))
				.UniqueResult<Pond>();

			Assert.IsTrue(entity.Shores.Contains(entity.Shores.PointOnSurface));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT35Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Contains(t.Shores, NHSP.PointOnSurface(t.Shores))
from Pond t
where t.Fid = 120
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT35Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<Pond>()
				where t.Fid == 120
				select t.Shores.Contains(t.Shores.PointOnSurface);

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T36	
		/// Area(ms MultiSurface) : Double Precision
		/// For this test we will determine the area of the ponds.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 8.00 (square meters)
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Area(shores)
		///		FROM ponds 
		///		WHERE fid = 120;
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT36Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Area(t.Shores)
from Pond t
where t.Fid = 120
";
			double result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<double>();

			Assert.AreEqual(8, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT36Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<Pond>()
				where t.Fid == 120
				select t.Shores.Area;

			double result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(8, result);
		}

		#endregion

		#region Queries testing functions in section 3.2.19.2 (T37 - T45)

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T37	
		/// Equals(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine if the geometry of Goose Island is equal
		/// to the same geometry as consructed from it's WKT representation.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides Equals as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: TRUE or 't'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Equals(boundary, PolygonFromText('POLYGON( ( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13) )',1))
		///		FROM named_places 
		///		WHERE name = 'Goose Island';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		/// <remarks>
		/// Correction:
		/// * SRID changed to 101. We require SRIDs are the same for binary operations.
		/// </remarks>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT37Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Equals(t.Boundary, NHSP.PolyFromText('POLYGON( ( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13) )',101))
from NamedPlace t
where t.Name = 'Goose Island'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		[Test]
		[Ignore("TODO: ToPolygon")]
		public void ConformanceItemT37Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from t in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where t.Name == "Goose Island"
				select t.Boundary.Equals("POLYGON( ( 67 13, 67 18, 59 18, 59 13, 67 13) )".ToPolygon(101));

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T38	
		/// Disjoint(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine if the geometry of Route 75 is disjoint
		/// from the geometry of Ashton.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides Disjoint as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: TRUE or 't'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Disjoint(centerlines, boundary)
		///		FROM divided_routes, named_places 
		///		WHERE divided_routes.name = 'Route 75' AND named_places.name = 'Ashton';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT38Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Disjoint(dr.Centerlines, np.Boundary)
from DividedRoute dr, NamedPlace np
where dr.Name = 'Route 75' and np.Name = 'Ashton'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT38Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from dr in session.Query<DividedRoute>()
				from np in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where dr.Name == "Route 75" && np.Name == "Ashton"
				select dr.Centerlines.Disjoint(np.Boundary);

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T39	
		/// Touch(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine if the geometry of Cam Stream touches
		/// the geometry of Blue Lake.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides Touch as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: TRUE or 't'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Touch(centerline, shore)
		///		FROM streams, lakes 
		///		WHERE streams.name = 'Cam Stream' AND lakes.name = 'Blue Lake';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT39Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Touches(s.Centerline, l.Shore)
from Stream s, Lake l
where s.Name = 'Cam Stream' and l.Name = 'Blue Lake'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT39Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from s in session.Query<Stream>()
				from l in session.Query<Lake>()
				where s.Name == "Cam Stream" && l.Name == "Blue Lake"
				select s.Centerline.Touches(l.Shore);

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T40	
		/// Within(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine if the geometry of the house at 215 Main Street
		/// is within Ashton.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides Within as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: TRUE or 't'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Within(boundary, footprint)
		///		FROM named_places, buildings 
		///		WHERE named_places.name = 'Ashton' AND buildings.address = '215 Main Street';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		/// <remarks>
		/// Correction:
		/// * Within arguments order changed because is wrong. 
		///   The test asks if a footprint ('215 Main Street') is within a boundary ('Ashton'),
		///   so the correct argument order should be Within(footprint, boundary).
		/// </remarks>
		[Test]
		public virtual void ConformanceItemT40Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Within(b.Footprint, np.Boundary)
from NamedPlace np, Building b
where np.Name = 'Ashton' and b.Address = '215 Main Street'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public virtual void ConformanceItemT40Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from np in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				from b in session.Query<Building>()
				where np.Name == "Ashton" && b.Address == "215 Main Street"
				select b.Footprint.Within(np.Boundary);
		
			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T41	
		/// Overlap(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine if the geometry of Green Forest overlaps 
		/// the geometry of Ashton.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides Overlap as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: TRUE or 't'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Overlap(forest.boundary, named_places.boundary)
		///		FROM forests, named_places 
		///		WHERE forests.name = 'Green Forest' AND named_places.name = 'Ashton';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT41Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Overlaps(f.Boundary, np.Boundary)
from Forest f, NamedPlace np
where f.Name = 'Green Forest' and np.Name = 'Ashton'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT41Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from f in session.Query<Forest>()
				from np in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where f.Name == "Green Forest" && np.Name == "Ashton"
				select f.Boundary.Overlaps(np.Boundary);

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T42	
		/// Cross(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine if the geometry of road segment 102 crosses 
		/// the geometry of Route 75.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides Cross as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: TRUE or 't'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Cross(road_segment.centerline, divided_routes.centerlines)
		///		FROM road_segment, divided_routes 
		///		WHERE road_segment.fid = 102 AND divided_routes.name = 'Route 75';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT42Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Crosses(rs.Centerline, dr.Centerlines)
from RoadSegment rs, DividedRoute dr
where rs.Fid = 102 and dr.Name = 'Route 75'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT42Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from rs in session.Query<RoadSegment>()
				from dr in session.Query<DividedRoute>()
				where rs.Fid == 102 && dr.Name == "Route 75"
				select rs.Centerline.Crosses(dr.Centerlines);

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T43	
		/// Intersects(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine if the geometry of road segment 102 intersects 
		/// the geometry of Route 75.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides Intersects as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: TRUE or 't'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Intersects(road_segment.centerline, divided_routes.centerlines)
		///		FROM road_segment, divided_routes 
		///		WHERE road_segment.fid = 102 AND divided_routes.name = 'Route 75';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT43Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Intersects(rs.Centerline, dr.Centerlines)
from RoadSegment rs, DividedRoute dr
where rs.Fid = 102 and dr.Name = 'Route 75'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT43Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from rs in session.Query<RoadSegment>()
				from dr in session.Query<DividedRoute>()
				where rs.Fid == 102 && dr.Name == "Route 75"
				select rs.Centerline.Intersects(dr.Centerlines);

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T44	
		/// Contains(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine if the geometry of Green Forest contains 
		/// the geometry of Ashton.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 0
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides Contains as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: FALSE or 'f'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Contains(forest.boundary, named_places.boundary)
		///		FROM forests, named_places 
		///		WHERE forests.name = 'Green Forest' AND named_places.name = 'Ashton';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT44Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Contains(f.Boundary, np.Boundary)
from Forest f, NamedPlace np
where f.Name = 'Green Forest' and np.Name = 'Ashton'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsFalse(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT44Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from f in session.Query<Forest>()
				from np in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where f.Name == "Green Forest" && np.Name == "Ashton"
				select f.Boundary.Contains(np.Boundary);

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsFalse(result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T45	
		/// Relate(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry, PatternMatrix String) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine if the geometry of Green Forest relates to 
		/// the geometry of Ashton using the pattern "TTTTTTTTT".
		///
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides Relate as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then:
		/// ANSWER: TRUE or 't'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Relate(forest.boundary, named_places.boundary, 'TTTTTTTTT')
		///		FROM forests, named_places 
		///		WHERE forests.name = 'Green Forest' AND named_places.name = 'Ashton';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT45Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Relate(f.Boundary, np.Boundary, 'TTTTTTTTT')
from Forest f, NamedPlace np
where f.Name = 'Green Forest' and np.Name = 'Ashton'
";
			bool result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<bool>();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT45Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from f in session.Query<Forest>()
				from np in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where f.Name == "Green Forest" && np.Name == "Ashton"
				select f.Boundary.Relate(np.Boundary, "TTTTTTTTT");

			bool result = query.Single();

			Assert.IsTrue(result);
		}

		#endregion

		#region Queries testing functions in section 3.2.20.2 (T46)

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T46	
		/// Distance(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry) : Double Precision
		/// For this test we will determine the distance between Cam Bridge and Ashton.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 12 (meters)
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Distance(position, boundary)
		///		FROM bridges, named_places 
		///		WHERE bridges.name = 'Cam Bridge' AND named_places.name = 'Ashton';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT46Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.Distance(b.Position, np.Boundary)
from Bridge b, NamedPlace np
where b.Name = 'Cam Bridge' and np.Name = 'Ashton'
";
			double result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<double>();

			Assert.AreEqual(12, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT46Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from b in session.Query<Bridge>()
				from np in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where b.Name == "Cam Bridge" && np.Name == "Ashton"
				select b.Position.Distance(np.Boundary);

			double result = query.Single();

			Assert.AreEqual(12, result);
		}

		#endregion

		#region Queries testing functions in section 3.2.21.2 (T47 - T50)


		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T47	
		/// Intersection(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry) : Geometry
		/// For this test we will determine the intersection between Cam Stream and 
		/// Blue Lake.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'POINT( 52 18 )'
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Intersection(centerline, shore)
		///		FROM streams, lakes 
		///		WHERE streams.name = 'Cam Stream' AND lakes.name = 'Blue Lake';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT47Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.Intersection(s.Centerline, l.Shore))
from Stream s, Lake l
where s.Name = 'Cam Stream' and l.Name = 'Blue Lake'
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POINT( 52 18 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT47Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from s in session.Query<Stream>()
				from l in session.Query<Lake>()
				where s.Name == "Cam Stream" && l.Name == "Blue Lake"
				select s.Centerline.Intersection(l.Shore);

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POINT( 52 18 )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T48	
		/// Difference(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry) : Geometry
		/// For this test we will determine the difference between Ashton and 
		/// Green Forest.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'POLYGON( ( 56 34, 62 48, 84 48, 84 42, 56 34) )'
		/// NOTE: The order of the vertices here is arbitrary.
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Difference(named_places.boundary, forests.boundary)
		///		FROM named_places, forests 
		///		WHERE named_places.name = 'Ashton' AND forests.name = 'Green Forest';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT48Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.Difference(np.Boundary, f.Boundary))
from NamedPlace np, Forest f
where np.Name = 'Ashton' and f.Name = 'Green Forest'
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 56 34, 62 48, 84 48, 84 42, 56 34) )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT48Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from np in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				from f in session.Query<Forest>()
				where np.Name == "Ashton" && f.Name == "Green Forest"
				select np.Boundary.Difference(f.Boundary);

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON( ( 56 34, 62 48, 84 48, 84 42, 56 34) )");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T49	
		/// Union(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine the union of Blue Lake and Goose Island 
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'POLYGON((52 18,66 23,73 9,48 6,52 18))'
		/// NOTE: The outer ring of BLue Lake is the answer.
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT Union(shore, boundary)
		///		FROM lakes, named_places 
		///		WHERE lakes.name = 'Blue Lake' AND named_places.name = Ashton';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		/// <remarks>
		/// Correction:
		/// * Place name condition changed from 'Ashton' to 'Goose Island'
		///   in order to conform the test enunciation and correct answer.
		/// </remarks>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT49Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.Union(l.Shore, np.Boundary))
from Lake l, NamedPlace np
where l.Name = 'Blue Lake' and np.Name = 'Goose Island'
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON((52 18,66 23,73 9,48 6,52 18))");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT49Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from l in session.Query<Lake>()
				from np in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where l.Name == "Blue Lake" && np.Name == "Goose Island"
				select l.Shore.Union(np.Boundary);

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON((52 18,66 23,73 9,48 6,52 18))");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T50	
		/// SymmetricDifference(g1 Geometry, g2 Geometry) : Integer
		/// For this test we will determine the symmetric difference of Blue Lake 
		/// and Goose Island 
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'POLYGON((52 18,66 23,73 9,48 6,52 18))'
		/// NOTE: The outer ring of BLue Lake is the answer.
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT SymmetricDifference(shore, boundary)
		///		FROM lakes, named_places 
		///		WHERE lakes.name = 'Blue Lake' OR named_places.name = 'Ashton';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		/// <remarks>
		/// Correction:
		/// * Place name condition changed from 'Ashton' to 'Goose Island'
		///   in order to conform the test enunciation and correct answer.
		/// </remarks>
		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT50()
		{
			IGeometry shore  = session
				.CreateCriteria(typeof(Lake), "l")
				.Add(Restrictions.Eq("l.Name", "Blue Lake"))
				.SetProjection(Projections.Property("l.Shore"))
				.UniqueResult<IGeometry>();

			IGeometry boundary = session
				.CreateCriteria(typeof(NamedPlace))
				.Add(Restrictions.Eq("Name", "Goose Island"))
				.SetProjection(Projections.Property("Boundary"))
				.UniqueResult<IGeometry>();

			IGeometry result = shore.SymmetricDifference(boundary);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON((52 18,66 23,73 9,48 6,52 18))");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(result));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT50Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.SymDifference(l.Shore, np.Boundary))
from Lake l, NamedPlace np
where l.Name = 'Blue Lake' and np.Name = 'Goose Island'
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON((52 18,66 23,73 9,48 6,52 18))");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT50Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from l in session.Query<Lake>()
				from np in session.Query<NamedPlace>()
				where l.Name == "Blue Lake" && np.Name == "Goose Island"
				select l.Shore.SymmetricDifference(np.Boundary);

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON((52 18,66 23,73 9,48 6,52 18))");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T51	
		/// Buffer(g Geometry, d Double Precision) : Geometry
		/// For this test we will make a 15 meter buffer about Cam Bridge.
		/// NOTE: This test we count the number of buildings contained in
		///       the buffer that is generated. This test only works because
		///       we have a single bridge record, two building records, and
		///       we selected the buffer size such that only one of the buildings
		///       is contained in the buffer.
		///
		/// ANSWER: 1
		/// *** Adaptation Alert ***
		/// If the implementer provides Contains as a boolean function, instead of as
		/// an INTEGER function, then the WHERE clause should be:
		/// WHERE Contains(Buffer(bridges.position, 15.0), buildings.footprint) = 'TRUE';
		///   - or -
		/// WHERE Contains(Buffer(bridges.position, 15.0), buildings.footprint) = 't';
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT count(*)
		///		FROM buildings, bridges
		///		WHERE Contains(Buffer(bridges.position, 15.0), buildings.footprint) = 1;
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
		[Test]
		public virtual void ConformanceItemT51Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select count(*)
from Building bl, Bridge br
where NHSP.Contains(NHSP.Buffer(br.Position, 15.0), bl.Footprint) = true
";
			long result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<long>();

			Assert.AreEqual(1, result);
		}

		[Test]
		public virtual void ConformanceItemT51Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from bl in session.Query<Building>()
				from br in session.Query<Bridge>()
				where br.Position.Buffer(15.0).Contains(bl.Footprint)
				select bl
				;
			long result = query.LongCount();

			Assert.AreEqual(1, result);
		}

		/// <summary>
		/// Conformance Item T52	
		/// ConvexHull(g Geometry) : Geometry
		/// For this test we will determine the convex hull of Blue Lake 
		///
		/// ANSWER: 'POLYGON((52 18,66 23,73 9,48 6,52 18))'
		/// NOTE: The outer ring of BLue Lake is the answer.
		///
		/// Original SQL:
		/// <code>
		///		SELECT ConvexHull(shore)
		///		FROM lakes
		///		WHERE lakes.name = 'Blue Lake';
		/// </code>
		/// </summary>
 		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT52Hql()
		{
			string query =
@"select NHSP.AsText(NHSP.ConvexHull(l.Shore))
from Lake l
where l.Name = 'Blue Lake'
";
			string result = session.CreateQuery(query)
				.UniqueResult<string>();

			IGeometry geometry = Wkt.Read(result);
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON((52 18,66 23,73 9,48 6,52 18))");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		[Test]
		public void ConformanceItemT52Linq()
		{
			var query =
				from l in session.Query<Lake>()
				where l.Name == "Blue Lake"
				select l.Shore.ConvexHull();

			IGeometry geometry = query.Single();
			IGeometry expected = Wkt.Read("POLYGON((52 18,66 23,73 9,48 6,52 18))");

			Assert.IsTrue(expected.Equals(geometry));
		}

		#endregion

	}
}
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