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/arch/alpha/include/asm/pgtable.h

http://github.com/mirrors/linux
C Header | 363 lines | 192 code | 63 blank | 108 comment | 7 complexity | fe490970be85f75b6cb781085f3d1b67 MD5 | raw file
  1/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
  2#ifndef _ALPHA_PGTABLE_H
  3#define _ALPHA_PGTABLE_H
  4
  5#include <asm-generic/pgtable-nopud.h>
  6
  7/*
  8 * This file contains the functions and defines necessary to modify and use
  9 * the Alpha page table tree.
 10 *
 11 * This hopefully works with any standard Alpha page-size, as defined
 12 * in <asm/page.h> (currently 8192).
 13 */
 14#include <linux/mmzone.h>
 15
 16#include <asm/page.h>
 17#include <asm/processor.h>	/* For TASK_SIZE */
 18#include <asm/machvec.h>
 19#include <asm/setup.h>
 20
 21struct mm_struct;
 22struct vm_area_struct;
 23
 24/* Certain architectures need to do special things when PTEs
 25 * within a page table are directly modified.  Thus, the following
 26 * hook is made available.
 27 */
 28#define set_pte(pteptr, pteval) ((*(pteptr)) = (pteval))
 29#define set_pte_at(mm,addr,ptep,pteval) set_pte(ptep,pteval)
 30
 31/* PMD_SHIFT determines the size of the area a second-level page table can map */
 32#define PMD_SHIFT	(PAGE_SHIFT + (PAGE_SHIFT-3))
 33#define PMD_SIZE	(1UL << PMD_SHIFT)
 34#define PMD_MASK	(~(PMD_SIZE-1))
 35
 36/* PGDIR_SHIFT determines what a third-level page table entry can map */
 37#define PGDIR_SHIFT	(PAGE_SHIFT + 2*(PAGE_SHIFT-3))
 38#define PGDIR_SIZE	(1UL << PGDIR_SHIFT)
 39#define PGDIR_MASK	(~(PGDIR_SIZE-1))
 40
 41/*
 42 * Entries per page directory level:  the Alpha is three-level, with
 43 * all levels having a one-page page table.
 44 */
 45#define PTRS_PER_PTE	(1UL << (PAGE_SHIFT-3))
 46#define PTRS_PER_PMD	(1UL << (PAGE_SHIFT-3))
 47#define PTRS_PER_PGD	(1UL << (PAGE_SHIFT-3))
 48#define USER_PTRS_PER_PGD	(TASK_SIZE / PGDIR_SIZE)
 49#define FIRST_USER_ADDRESS	0UL
 50
 51/* Number of pointers that fit on a page:  this will go away. */
 52#define PTRS_PER_PAGE	(1UL << (PAGE_SHIFT-3))
 53
 54#ifdef CONFIG_ALPHA_LARGE_VMALLOC
 55#define VMALLOC_START		0xfffffe0000000000
 56#else
 57#define VMALLOC_START		(-2*PGDIR_SIZE)
 58#endif
 59#define VMALLOC_END		(-PGDIR_SIZE)
 60
 61/*
 62 * OSF/1 PAL-code-imposed page table bits
 63 */
 64#define _PAGE_VALID	0x0001
 65#define _PAGE_FOR	0x0002	/* used for page protection (fault on read) */
 66#define _PAGE_FOW	0x0004	/* used for page protection (fault on write) */
 67#define _PAGE_FOE	0x0008	/* used for page protection (fault on exec) */
 68#define _PAGE_ASM	0x0010
 69#define _PAGE_KRE	0x0100	/* xxx - see below on the "accessed" bit */
 70#define _PAGE_URE	0x0200	/* xxx */
 71#define _PAGE_KWE	0x1000	/* used to do the dirty bit in software */
 72#define _PAGE_UWE	0x2000	/* used to do the dirty bit in software */
 73
 74/* .. and these are ours ... */
 75#define _PAGE_DIRTY	0x20000
 76#define _PAGE_ACCESSED	0x40000
 77
 78/*
 79 * NOTE! The "accessed" bit isn't necessarily exact:  it can be kept exactly
 80 * by software (use the KRE/URE/KWE/UWE bits appropriately), but I'll fake it.
 81 * Under Linux/AXP, the "accessed" bit just means "read", and I'll just use
 82 * the KRE/URE bits to watch for it. That way we don't need to overload the
 83 * KWE/UWE bits with both handling dirty and accessed.
 84 *
 85 * Note that the kernel uses the accessed bit just to check whether to page
 86 * out a page or not, so it doesn't have to be exact anyway.
 87 */
 88
 89#define __DIRTY_BITS	(_PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_KWE | _PAGE_UWE)
 90#define __ACCESS_BITS	(_PAGE_ACCESSED | _PAGE_KRE | _PAGE_URE)
 91
 92#define _PFN_MASK	0xFFFFFFFF00000000UL
 93
 94#define _PAGE_TABLE	(_PAGE_VALID | __DIRTY_BITS | __ACCESS_BITS)
 95#define _PAGE_CHG_MASK	(_PFN_MASK | __DIRTY_BITS | __ACCESS_BITS)
 96
 97/*
 98 * All the normal masks have the "page accessed" bits on, as any time they are used,
 99 * the page is accessed. They are cleared only by the page-out routines
100 */
101#define PAGE_NONE	__pgprot(_PAGE_VALID | __ACCESS_BITS | _PAGE_FOR | _PAGE_FOW | _PAGE_FOE)
102#define PAGE_SHARED	__pgprot(_PAGE_VALID | __ACCESS_BITS)
103#define PAGE_COPY	__pgprot(_PAGE_VALID | __ACCESS_BITS | _PAGE_FOW)
104#define PAGE_READONLY	__pgprot(_PAGE_VALID | __ACCESS_BITS | _PAGE_FOW)
105#define PAGE_KERNEL	__pgprot(_PAGE_VALID | _PAGE_ASM | _PAGE_KRE | _PAGE_KWE)
106
107#define _PAGE_NORMAL(x) __pgprot(_PAGE_VALID | __ACCESS_BITS | (x))
108
109#define _PAGE_P(x) _PAGE_NORMAL((x) | (((x) & _PAGE_FOW)?0:_PAGE_FOW))
110#define _PAGE_S(x) _PAGE_NORMAL(x)
111
112/*
113 * The hardware can handle write-only mappings, but as the Alpha
114 * architecture does byte-wide writes with a read-modify-write
115 * sequence, it's not practical to have write-without-read privs.
116 * Thus the "-w- -> rw-" and "-wx -> rwx" mapping here (and in
117 * arch/alpha/mm/fault.c)
118 */
119	/* xwr */
120#define __P000	_PAGE_P(_PAGE_FOE | _PAGE_FOW | _PAGE_FOR)
121#define __P001	_PAGE_P(_PAGE_FOE | _PAGE_FOW)
122#define __P010	_PAGE_P(_PAGE_FOE)
123#define __P011	_PAGE_P(_PAGE_FOE)
124#define __P100	_PAGE_P(_PAGE_FOW | _PAGE_FOR)
125#define __P101	_PAGE_P(_PAGE_FOW)
126#define __P110	_PAGE_P(0)
127#define __P111	_PAGE_P(0)
128
129#define __S000	_PAGE_S(_PAGE_FOE | _PAGE_FOW | _PAGE_FOR)
130#define __S001	_PAGE_S(_PAGE_FOE | _PAGE_FOW)
131#define __S010	_PAGE_S(_PAGE_FOE)
132#define __S011	_PAGE_S(_PAGE_FOE)
133#define __S100	_PAGE_S(_PAGE_FOW | _PAGE_FOR)
134#define __S101	_PAGE_S(_PAGE_FOW)
135#define __S110	_PAGE_S(0)
136#define __S111	_PAGE_S(0)
137
138/*
139 * pgprot_noncached() is only for infiniband pci support, and a real
140 * implementation for RAM would be more complicated.
141 */
142#define pgprot_noncached(prot)	(prot)
143
144/*
145 * BAD_PAGETABLE is used when we need a bogus page-table, while
146 * BAD_PAGE is used for a bogus page.
147 *
148 * ZERO_PAGE is a global shared page that is always zero:  used
149 * for zero-mapped memory areas etc..
150 */
151extern pte_t __bad_page(void);
152extern pmd_t * __bad_pagetable(void);
153
154extern unsigned long __zero_page(void);
155
156#define BAD_PAGETABLE	__bad_pagetable()
157#define BAD_PAGE	__bad_page()
158#define ZERO_PAGE(vaddr)	(virt_to_page(ZERO_PGE))
159
160/* number of bits that fit into a memory pointer */
161#define BITS_PER_PTR			(8*sizeof(unsigned long))
162
163/* to align the pointer to a pointer address */
164#define PTR_MASK			(~(sizeof(void*)-1))
165
166/* sizeof(void*)==1<<SIZEOF_PTR_LOG2 */
167#define SIZEOF_PTR_LOG2			3
168
169/* to find an entry in a page-table */
170#define PAGE_PTR(address)		\
171  ((unsigned long)(address)>>(PAGE_SHIFT-SIZEOF_PTR_LOG2)&PTR_MASK&~PAGE_MASK)
172
173/*
174 * On certain platforms whose physical address space can overlap KSEG,
175 * namely EV6 and above, we must re-twiddle the physaddr to restore the
176 * correct high-order bits.
177 *
178 * This is extremely confusing until you realize that this is actually
179 * just working around a userspace bug.  The X server was intending to
180 * provide the physical address but instead provided the KSEG address.
181 * Or tried to, except it's not representable.
182 * 
183 * On Tsunami there's nothing meaningful at 0x40000000000, so this is
184 * a safe thing to do.  Come the first core logic that does put something
185 * in this area -- memory or whathaveyou -- then this hack will have
186 * to go away.  So be prepared!
187 */
188
189#if defined(CONFIG_ALPHA_GENERIC) && defined(USE_48_BIT_KSEG)
190#error "EV6-only feature in a generic kernel"
191#endif
192#if defined(CONFIG_ALPHA_GENERIC) || \
193    (defined(CONFIG_ALPHA_EV6) && !defined(USE_48_BIT_KSEG))
194#define KSEG_PFN	(0xc0000000000UL >> PAGE_SHIFT)
195#define PHYS_TWIDDLE(pfn) \
196  ((((pfn) & KSEG_PFN) == (0x40000000000UL >> PAGE_SHIFT)) \
197  ? ((pfn) ^= KSEG_PFN) : (pfn))
198#else
199#define PHYS_TWIDDLE(pfn) (pfn)
200#endif
201
202/*
203 * Conversion functions:  convert a page and protection to a page entry,
204 * and a page entry and page directory to the page they refer to.
205 */
206#ifndef CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM
207#define page_to_pa(page)	(((page) - mem_map) << PAGE_SHIFT)
208
209#define pte_pfn(pte)	(pte_val(pte) >> 32)
210#define pte_page(pte)	pfn_to_page(pte_pfn(pte))
211#define mk_pte(page, pgprot)						\
212({									\
213	pte_t pte;							\
214									\
215	pte_val(pte) = (page_to_pfn(page) << 32) | pgprot_val(pgprot);	\
216	pte;								\
217})
218#endif
219
220extern inline pte_t pfn_pte(unsigned long physpfn, pgprot_t pgprot)
221{ pte_t pte; pte_val(pte) = (PHYS_TWIDDLE(physpfn) << 32) | pgprot_val(pgprot); return pte; }
222
223extern inline pte_t pte_modify(pte_t pte, pgprot_t newprot)
224{ pte_val(pte) = (pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_CHG_MASK) | pgprot_val(newprot); return pte; }
225
226extern inline void pmd_set(pmd_t * pmdp, pte_t * ptep)
227{ pmd_val(*pmdp) = _PAGE_TABLE | ((((unsigned long) ptep) - PAGE_OFFSET) << (32-PAGE_SHIFT)); }
228
229extern inline void pud_set(pud_t * pudp, pmd_t * pmdp)
230{ pud_val(*pudp) = _PAGE_TABLE | ((((unsigned long) pmdp) - PAGE_OFFSET) << (32-PAGE_SHIFT)); }
231
232
233extern inline unsigned long
234pmd_page_vaddr(pmd_t pmd)
235{
236	return ((pmd_val(pmd) & _PFN_MASK) >> (32-PAGE_SHIFT)) + PAGE_OFFSET;
237}
238
239#ifndef CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM
240#define pmd_page(pmd)	(mem_map + ((pmd_val(pmd) & _PFN_MASK) >> 32))
241#define pud_page(pud)	(mem_map + ((pud_val(pud) & _PFN_MASK) >> 32))
242#endif
243
244extern inline unsigned long pud_page_vaddr(pud_t pgd)
245{ return PAGE_OFFSET + ((pud_val(pgd) & _PFN_MASK) >> (32-PAGE_SHIFT)); }
246
247extern inline int pte_none(pte_t pte)		{ return !pte_val(pte); }
248extern inline int pte_present(pte_t pte)	{ return pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_VALID; }
249extern inline void pte_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep)
250{
251	pte_val(*ptep) = 0;
252}
253
254extern inline int pmd_none(pmd_t pmd)		{ return !pmd_val(pmd); }
255extern inline int pmd_bad(pmd_t pmd)		{ return (pmd_val(pmd) & ~_PFN_MASK) != _PAGE_TABLE; }
256extern inline int pmd_present(pmd_t pmd)	{ return pmd_val(pmd) & _PAGE_VALID; }
257extern inline void pmd_clear(pmd_t * pmdp)	{ pmd_val(*pmdp) = 0; }
258
259extern inline int pud_none(pud_t pud)		{ return !pud_val(pud); }
260extern inline int pud_bad(pud_t pud)		{ return (pud_val(pud) & ~_PFN_MASK) != _PAGE_TABLE; }
261extern inline int pud_present(pud_t pud)	{ return pud_val(pud) & _PAGE_VALID; }
262extern inline void pud_clear(pud_t * pudp)	{ pud_val(*pudp) = 0; }
263
264/*
265 * The following only work if pte_present() is true.
266 * Undefined behaviour if not..
267 */
268extern inline int pte_write(pte_t pte)		{ return !(pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_FOW); }
269extern inline int pte_dirty(pte_t pte)		{ return pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_DIRTY; }
270extern inline int pte_young(pte_t pte)		{ return pte_val(pte) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; }
271
272extern inline pte_t pte_wrprotect(pte_t pte)	{ pte_val(pte) |= _PAGE_FOW; return pte; }
273extern inline pte_t pte_mkclean(pte_t pte)	{ pte_val(pte) &= ~(__DIRTY_BITS); return pte; }
274extern inline pte_t pte_mkold(pte_t pte)	{ pte_val(pte) &= ~(__ACCESS_BITS); return pte; }
275extern inline pte_t pte_mkwrite(pte_t pte)	{ pte_val(pte) &= ~_PAGE_FOW; return pte; }
276extern inline pte_t pte_mkdirty(pte_t pte)	{ pte_val(pte) |= __DIRTY_BITS; return pte; }
277extern inline pte_t pte_mkyoung(pte_t pte)	{ pte_val(pte) |= __ACCESS_BITS; return pte; }
278
279#define PAGE_DIR_OFFSET(tsk,address) pgd_offset((tsk),(address))
280
281/* to find an entry in a kernel page-table-directory */
282#define pgd_offset_k(address) pgd_offset(&init_mm, (address))
283
284/* to find an entry in a page-table-directory. */
285#define pgd_index(address)	(((address) >> PGDIR_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PGD-1))
286#define pgd_offset(mm, address)	((mm)->pgd+pgd_index(address))
287
288/*
289 * The smp_read_barrier_depends() in the following functions are required to
290 * order the load of *dir (the pointer in the top level page table) with any
291 * subsequent load of the returned pmd_t *ret (ret is data dependent on *dir).
292 *
293 * If this ordering is not enforced, the CPU might load an older value of
294 * *ret, which may be uninitialized data. See mm/memory.c:__pte_alloc for
295 * more details.
296 *
297 * Note that we never change the mm->pgd pointer after the task is running, so
298 * pgd_offset does not require such a barrier.
299 */
300
301/* Find an entry in the second-level page table.. */
302extern inline pmd_t * pmd_offset(pud_t * dir, unsigned long address)
303{
304	pmd_t *ret = (pmd_t *) pud_page_vaddr(*dir) + ((address >> PMD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PAGE - 1));
305	smp_read_barrier_depends(); /* see above */
306	return ret;
307}
308
309/* Find an entry in the third-level page table.. */
310extern inline pte_t * pte_offset_kernel(pmd_t * dir, unsigned long address)
311{
312	pte_t *ret = (pte_t *) pmd_page_vaddr(*dir)
313		+ ((address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PAGE - 1));
314	smp_read_barrier_depends(); /* see above */
315	return ret;
316}
317
318#define pte_offset_map(dir,addr)	pte_offset_kernel((dir),(addr))
319#define pte_unmap(pte)			do { } while (0)
320
321extern pgd_t swapper_pg_dir[1024];
322
323/*
324 * The Alpha doesn't have any external MMU info:  the kernel page
325 * tables contain all the necessary information.
326 */
327extern inline void update_mmu_cache(struct vm_area_struct * vma,
328	unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep)
329{
330}
331
332/*
333 * Non-present pages:  high 24 bits are offset, next 8 bits type,
334 * low 32 bits zero.
335 */
336extern inline pte_t mk_swap_pte(unsigned long type, unsigned long offset)
337{ pte_t pte; pte_val(pte) = (type << 32) | (offset << 40); return pte; }
338
339#define __swp_type(x)		(((x).val >> 32) & 0xff)
340#define __swp_offset(x)		((x).val >> 40)
341#define __swp_entry(type, off)	((swp_entry_t) { pte_val(mk_swap_pte((type), (off))) })
342#define __pte_to_swp_entry(pte)	((swp_entry_t) { pte_val(pte) })
343#define __swp_entry_to_pte(x)	((pte_t) { (x).val })
344
345#ifndef CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM
346#define kern_addr_valid(addr)	(1)
347#endif
348
349#define pte_ERROR(e) \
350	printk("%s:%d: bad pte %016lx.\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, pte_val(e))
351#define pmd_ERROR(e) \
352	printk("%s:%d: bad pmd %016lx.\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, pmd_val(e))
353#define pgd_ERROR(e) \
354	printk("%s:%d: bad pgd %016lx.\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, pgd_val(e))
355
356extern void paging_init(void);
357
358#include <asm-generic/pgtable.h>
359
360/* We have our own get_unmapped_area to cope with ADDR_LIMIT_32BIT.  */
361#define HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA
362
363#endif /* _ALPHA_PGTABLE_H */