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/arch/powerpc/platforms/powermac/bootx_init.c

http://github.com/mirrors/linux
C | 594 lines | 453 code | 72 blank | 69 comment | 97 complexity | f65bf85ab82db472b2452de1605395bb MD5 | raw file
  1// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
  2/*
  3 *  Early boot support code for BootX bootloader
  4 *
  5 *  Copyright (C) 2005 Ben. Herrenschmidt (benh@kernel.crashing.org)
  6 */
  7
  8#include <linux/kernel.h>
  9#include <linux/string.h>
 10#include <linux/init.h>
 11#include <generated/utsrelease.h>
 12#include <asm/sections.h>
 13#include <asm/prom.h>
 14#include <asm/page.h>
 15#include <asm/bootx.h>
 16#include <asm/btext.h>
 17#include <asm/io.h>
 18#include <asm/setup.h>
 19
 20#undef DEBUG
 21#define SET_BOOT_BAT
 22
 23#ifdef DEBUG
 24#define DBG(fmt...) do { bootx_printf(fmt); } while(0)
 25#else
 26#define DBG(fmt...) do { } while(0)
 27#endif
 28
 29extern void __start(unsigned long r3, unsigned long r4, unsigned long r5);
 30
 31static unsigned long __initdata bootx_dt_strbase;
 32static unsigned long __initdata bootx_dt_strend;
 33static unsigned long __initdata bootx_node_chosen;
 34static boot_infos_t * __initdata bootx_info;
 35static char __initdata bootx_disp_path[256];
 36
 37/* Is boot-info compatible ? */
 38#define BOOT_INFO_IS_COMPATIBLE(bi) \
 39	((bi)->compatible_version <= BOOT_INFO_VERSION)
 40#define BOOT_INFO_IS_V2_COMPATIBLE(bi)	((bi)->version >= 2)
 41#define BOOT_INFO_IS_V4_COMPATIBLE(bi)	((bi)->version >= 4)
 42
 43#ifdef CONFIG_BOOTX_TEXT
 44static void __init bootx_printf(const char *format, ...)
 45{
 46	const char *p, *q, *s;
 47	va_list args;
 48	unsigned long v;
 49
 50	va_start(args, format);
 51	for (p = format; *p != 0; p = q) {
 52		for (q = p; *q != 0 && *q != '\n' && *q != '%'; ++q)
 53			;
 54		if (q > p)
 55			btext_drawtext(p, q - p);
 56		if (*q == 0)
 57			break;
 58		if (*q == '\n') {
 59			++q;
 60			btext_flushline();
 61			btext_drawstring("\r\n");
 62			btext_flushline();
 63			continue;
 64		}
 65		++q;
 66		if (*q == 0)
 67			break;
 68		switch (*q) {
 69		case 's':
 70			++q;
 71			s = va_arg(args, const char *);
 72			if (s == NULL)
 73				s = "<NULL>";
 74			btext_drawstring(s);
 75			break;
 76		case 'x':
 77			++q;
 78			v = va_arg(args, unsigned long);
 79			btext_drawhex(v);
 80			break;
 81		}
 82	}
 83	va_end(args);
 84}
 85#else /* CONFIG_BOOTX_TEXT */
 86static void __init bootx_printf(const char *format, ...) {}
 87#endif /* CONFIG_BOOTX_TEXT */
 88
 89static void * __init bootx_early_getprop(unsigned long base,
 90					 unsigned long node,
 91					 char *prop)
 92{
 93	struct bootx_dt_node *np = (struct bootx_dt_node *)(base + node);
 94	u32 *ppp = &np->properties;
 95
 96	while(*ppp) {
 97		struct bootx_dt_prop *pp =
 98			(struct bootx_dt_prop *)(base + *ppp);
 99
100		if (strcmp((char *)((unsigned long)pp->name + base),
101			   prop) == 0) {
102			return (void *)((unsigned long)pp->value + base);
103		}
104		ppp = &pp->next;
105	}
106	return NULL;
107}
108
109#define dt_push_token(token, mem) \
110	do { \
111		*(mem) = _ALIGN_UP(*(mem),4); \
112		*((u32 *)*(mem)) = token; \
113		*(mem) += 4; \
114	} while(0)
115
116static unsigned long __init bootx_dt_find_string(char *str)
117{
118	char *s, *os;
119
120	s = os = (char *)bootx_dt_strbase;
121	s += 4;
122	while (s <  (char *)bootx_dt_strend) {
123		if (strcmp(s, str) == 0)
124			return s - os;
125		s += strlen(s) + 1;
126	}
127	return 0;
128}
129
130static void __init bootx_dt_add_prop(char *name, void *data, int size,
131				  unsigned long *mem_end)
132{
133	unsigned long soff = bootx_dt_find_string(name);
134	if (data == NULL)
135		size = 0;
136	if (soff == 0) {
137		bootx_printf("WARNING: Can't find string index for <%s>\n",
138			     name);
139		return;
140	}
141	if (size > 0x20000) {
142		bootx_printf("WARNING: ignoring large property ");
143		bootx_printf("%s length 0x%x\n", name, size);
144		return;
145	}
146	dt_push_token(OF_DT_PROP, mem_end);
147	dt_push_token(size, mem_end);
148	dt_push_token(soff, mem_end);
149
150	/* push property content */
151	if (size && data) {
152		memcpy((void *)*mem_end, data, size);
153		*mem_end = _ALIGN_UP(*mem_end + size, 4);
154	}
155}
156
157static void __init bootx_add_chosen_props(unsigned long base,
158					  unsigned long *mem_end)
159{
160	u32 val;
161
162	bootx_dt_add_prop("linux,bootx", NULL, 0, mem_end);
163
164	if (bootx_info->kernelParamsOffset) {
165		char *args = (char *)((unsigned long)bootx_info) +
166			bootx_info->kernelParamsOffset;
167		bootx_dt_add_prop("bootargs", args, strlen(args) + 1, mem_end);
168	}
169	if (bootx_info->ramDisk) {
170		val = ((unsigned long)bootx_info) + bootx_info->ramDisk;
171		bootx_dt_add_prop("linux,initrd-start", &val, 4, mem_end);
172		val += bootx_info->ramDiskSize;
173		bootx_dt_add_prop("linux,initrd-end", &val, 4, mem_end);
174	}
175	if (strlen(bootx_disp_path))
176		bootx_dt_add_prop("linux,stdout-path", bootx_disp_path,
177				  strlen(bootx_disp_path) + 1, mem_end);
178}
179
180static void __init bootx_add_display_props(unsigned long base,
181					   unsigned long *mem_end,
182					   int has_real_node)
183{
184	boot_infos_t *bi = bootx_info;
185	u32 tmp;
186
187	if (has_real_node) {
188		bootx_dt_add_prop("linux,boot-display", NULL, 0, mem_end);
189		bootx_dt_add_prop("linux,opened", NULL, 0, mem_end);
190	} else
191		bootx_dt_add_prop("linux,bootx-noscreen", NULL, 0, mem_end);
192
193	tmp = bi->dispDeviceDepth;
194	bootx_dt_add_prop("linux,bootx-depth", &tmp, 4, mem_end);
195	tmp = bi->dispDeviceRect[2] - bi->dispDeviceRect[0];
196	bootx_dt_add_prop("linux,bootx-width", &tmp, 4, mem_end);
197	tmp = bi->dispDeviceRect[3] - bi->dispDeviceRect[1];
198	bootx_dt_add_prop("linux,bootx-height", &tmp, 4, mem_end);
199	tmp = bi->dispDeviceRowBytes;
200	bootx_dt_add_prop("linux,bootx-linebytes", &tmp, 4, mem_end);
201	tmp = (u32)bi->dispDeviceBase;
202	if (tmp == 0)
203		tmp = (u32)bi->logicalDisplayBase;
204	tmp += bi->dispDeviceRect[1] * bi->dispDeviceRowBytes;
205	tmp += bi->dispDeviceRect[0] * ((bi->dispDeviceDepth + 7) / 8);
206	bootx_dt_add_prop("linux,bootx-addr", &tmp, 4, mem_end);
207}
208
209static void __init bootx_dt_add_string(char *s, unsigned long *mem_end)
210{
211	unsigned int l = strlen(s) + 1;
212	memcpy((void *)*mem_end, s, l);
213	bootx_dt_strend = *mem_end = *mem_end + l;
214}
215
216static void __init bootx_scan_dt_build_strings(unsigned long base,
217					       unsigned long node,
218					       unsigned long *mem_end)
219{
220	struct bootx_dt_node *np = (struct bootx_dt_node *)(base + node);
221	u32 *cpp, *ppp = &np->properties;
222	unsigned long soff;
223	char *namep;
224
225	/* Keep refs to known nodes */
226	namep = np->full_name ? (char *)(base + np->full_name) : NULL;
227       	if (namep == NULL) {
228		bootx_printf("Node without a full name !\n");
229		namep = "";
230	}
231	DBG("* strings: %s\n", namep);
232
233	if (!strcmp(namep, "/chosen")) {
234		DBG(" detected /chosen ! adding properties names !\n");
235		bootx_dt_add_string("linux,bootx", mem_end);
236		bootx_dt_add_string("linux,stdout-path", mem_end);
237		bootx_dt_add_string("linux,initrd-start", mem_end);
238		bootx_dt_add_string("linux,initrd-end", mem_end);
239		bootx_dt_add_string("bootargs", mem_end);
240		bootx_node_chosen = node;
241	}
242	if (node == bootx_info->dispDeviceRegEntryOffset) {
243		DBG(" detected display ! adding properties names !\n");
244		bootx_dt_add_string("linux,boot-display", mem_end);
245		bootx_dt_add_string("linux,opened", mem_end);
246		strlcpy(bootx_disp_path, namep, sizeof(bootx_disp_path));
247	}
248
249	/* get and store all property names */
250	while (*ppp) {
251		struct bootx_dt_prop *pp =
252			(struct bootx_dt_prop *)(base + *ppp);
253
254		namep = pp->name ? (char *)(base + pp->name) : NULL;
255 		if (namep == NULL || strcmp(namep, "name") == 0)
256 			goto next;
257		/* get/create string entry */
258		soff = bootx_dt_find_string(namep);
259		if (soff == 0)
260			bootx_dt_add_string(namep, mem_end);
261	next:
262		ppp = &pp->next;
263	}
264
265	/* do all our children */
266	cpp = &np->child;
267	while(*cpp) {
268		np = (struct bootx_dt_node *)(base + *cpp);
269		bootx_scan_dt_build_strings(base, *cpp, mem_end);
270		cpp = &np->sibling;
271	}
272}
273
274static void __init bootx_scan_dt_build_struct(unsigned long base,
275					      unsigned long node,
276					      unsigned long *mem_end)
277{
278	struct bootx_dt_node *np = (struct bootx_dt_node *)(base + node);
279	u32 *cpp, *ppp = &np->properties;
280	char *namep, *p, *ep, *lp;
281	int l;
282
283	dt_push_token(OF_DT_BEGIN_NODE, mem_end);
284
285	/* get the node's full name */
286	namep = np->full_name ? (char *)(base + np->full_name) : NULL;
287	if (namep == NULL)
288		namep = "";
289	l = strlen(namep);
290
291	DBG("* struct: %s\n", namep);
292
293	/* Fixup an Apple bug where they have bogus \0 chars in the
294	 * middle of the path in some properties, and extract
295	 * the unit name (everything after the last '/').
296	 */
297	memcpy((void *)*mem_end, namep, l + 1);
298	namep = (char *)*mem_end;
299	for (lp = p = namep, ep = namep + l; p < ep; p++) {
300		if (*p == '/')
301			lp = namep;
302		else if (*p != 0)
303			*lp++ = *p;
304	}
305	*lp = 0;
306	*mem_end = _ALIGN_UP((unsigned long)lp + 1, 4);
307
308	/* get and store all properties */
309	while (*ppp) {
310		struct bootx_dt_prop *pp =
311			(struct bootx_dt_prop *)(base + *ppp);
312
313		namep = pp->name ? (char *)(base + pp->name) : NULL;
314		/* Skip "name" */
315 		if (namep == NULL || !strcmp(namep, "name"))
316 			goto next;
317		/* Skip "bootargs" in /chosen too as we replace it */
318		if (node == bootx_node_chosen && !strcmp(namep, "bootargs"))
319			goto next;
320
321		/* push property head */
322		bootx_dt_add_prop(namep,
323				  pp->value ? (void *)(base + pp->value): NULL,
324				  pp->length, mem_end);
325	next:
326		ppp = &pp->next;
327	}
328
329	if (node == bootx_node_chosen) {
330		bootx_add_chosen_props(base, mem_end);
331		if (bootx_info->dispDeviceRegEntryOffset == 0)
332			bootx_add_display_props(base, mem_end, 0);
333	}
334	else if (node == bootx_info->dispDeviceRegEntryOffset)
335		bootx_add_display_props(base, mem_end, 1);
336
337	/* do all our children */
338	cpp = &np->child;
339	while(*cpp) {
340		np = (struct bootx_dt_node *)(base + *cpp);
341		bootx_scan_dt_build_struct(base, *cpp, mem_end);
342		cpp = &np->sibling;
343	}
344
345	dt_push_token(OF_DT_END_NODE, mem_end);
346}
347
348static unsigned long __init bootx_flatten_dt(unsigned long start)
349{
350	boot_infos_t *bi = bootx_info;
351	unsigned long mem_start, mem_end;
352	struct boot_param_header *hdr;
353	unsigned long base;
354	u64 *rsvmap;
355
356	/* Start using memory after the big blob passed by BootX, get
357	 * some space for the header
358	 */
359	mem_start = mem_end = _ALIGN_UP(((unsigned long)bi) + start, 4);
360	DBG("Boot params header at: %x\n", mem_start);
361	hdr = (struct boot_param_header *)mem_start;
362	mem_end += sizeof(struct boot_param_header);
363	rsvmap = (u64 *)(_ALIGN_UP(mem_end, 8));
364	hdr->off_mem_rsvmap = ((unsigned long)rsvmap) - mem_start;
365	mem_end = ((unsigned long)rsvmap) + 8 * sizeof(u64);
366
367	/* Get base of tree */
368	base = ((unsigned long)bi) + bi->deviceTreeOffset;
369
370	/* Build string array */
371	DBG("Building string array at: %x\n", mem_end);
372	DBG("Device Tree Base=%x\n", base);
373	bootx_dt_strbase = mem_end;
374	mem_end += 4;
375	bootx_dt_strend = mem_end;
376	bootx_scan_dt_build_strings(base, 4, &mem_end);
377	/* Add some strings */
378	bootx_dt_add_string("linux,bootx-noscreen", &mem_end);
379	bootx_dt_add_string("linux,bootx-depth", &mem_end);
380	bootx_dt_add_string("linux,bootx-width", &mem_end);
381	bootx_dt_add_string("linux,bootx-height", &mem_end);
382	bootx_dt_add_string("linux,bootx-linebytes", &mem_end);
383	bootx_dt_add_string("linux,bootx-addr", &mem_end);
384	/* Wrap up strings */
385	hdr->off_dt_strings = bootx_dt_strbase - mem_start;
386	hdr->dt_strings_size = bootx_dt_strend - bootx_dt_strbase;
387
388	/* Build structure */
389	mem_end = _ALIGN(mem_end, 16);
390	DBG("Building device tree structure at: %x\n", mem_end);
391	hdr->off_dt_struct = mem_end - mem_start;
392	bootx_scan_dt_build_struct(base, 4, &mem_end);
393	dt_push_token(OF_DT_END, &mem_end);
394
395	/* Finish header */
396	hdr->boot_cpuid_phys = 0;
397	hdr->magic = OF_DT_HEADER;
398	hdr->totalsize = mem_end - mem_start;
399	hdr->version = OF_DT_VERSION;
400	/* Version 16 is not backward compatible */
401	hdr->last_comp_version = 0x10;
402
403	/* Reserve the whole thing and copy the reserve map in, we
404	 * also bump mem_reserve_cnt to cause further reservations to
405	 * fail since it's too late.
406	 */
407	mem_end = _ALIGN(mem_end, PAGE_SIZE);
408	DBG("End of boot params: %x\n", mem_end);
409	rsvmap[0] = mem_start;
410	rsvmap[1] = mem_end;
411	if (bootx_info->ramDisk) {
412		rsvmap[2] = ((unsigned long)bootx_info) + bootx_info->ramDisk;
413		rsvmap[3] = rsvmap[2] + bootx_info->ramDiskSize;
414		rsvmap[4] = 0;
415		rsvmap[5] = 0;
416	} else {
417		rsvmap[2] = 0;
418		rsvmap[3] = 0;
419	}
420
421	return (unsigned long)hdr;
422}
423
424
425#ifdef CONFIG_BOOTX_TEXT
426static void __init btext_welcome(boot_infos_t *bi)
427{
428	unsigned long flags;
429	unsigned long pvr;
430
431	bootx_printf("Welcome to Linux, kernel " UTS_RELEASE "\n");
432	bootx_printf("\nlinked at        : 0x%x", KERNELBASE);
433	bootx_printf("\nframe buffer at  : 0x%x", bi->dispDeviceBase);
434	bootx_printf(" (phys), 0x%x", bi->logicalDisplayBase);
435	bootx_printf(" (log)");
436	bootx_printf("\nklimit           : 0x%x",(unsigned long)klimit);
437	bootx_printf("\nboot_info at     : 0x%x", bi);
438	__asm__ __volatile__ ("mfmsr %0" : "=r" (flags));
439	bootx_printf("\nMSR              : 0x%x", flags);
440	__asm__ __volatile__ ("mfspr %0, 287" : "=r" (pvr));
441	bootx_printf("\nPVR              : 0x%x", pvr);
442	pvr >>= 16;
443	if (pvr > 1) {
444	    __asm__ __volatile__ ("mfspr %0, 1008" : "=r" (flags));
445	    bootx_printf("\nHID0             : 0x%x", flags);
446	}
447	if (pvr == 8 || pvr == 12 || pvr == 0x800c) {
448	    __asm__ __volatile__ ("mfspr %0, 1019" : "=r" (flags));
449	    bootx_printf("\nICTC             : 0x%x", flags);
450	}
451#ifdef DEBUG
452	bootx_printf("\n\n");
453	bootx_printf("bi->deviceTreeOffset   : 0x%x\n",
454		     bi->deviceTreeOffset);
455	bootx_printf("bi->deviceTreeSize     : 0x%x\n",
456		     bi->deviceTreeSize);
457#endif
458	bootx_printf("\n\n");
459}
460#endif /* CONFIG_BOOTX_TEXT */
461
462void __init bootx_init(unsigned long r3, unsigned long r4)
463{
464	boot_infos_t *bi = (boot_infos_t *) r4;
465	unsigned long hdr;
466	unsigned long space;
467	unsigned long ptr;
468	char *model;
469	unsigned long offset = reloc_offset();
470
471	reloc_got2(offset);
472
473	bootx_info = bi;
474
475	/* We haven't cleared any bss at this point, make sure
476	 * what we need is initialized
477	 */
478	bootx_dt_strbase = bootx_dt_strend = 0;
479	bootx_node_chosen = 0;
480	bootx_disp_path[0] = 0;
481
482	if (!BOOT_INFO_IS_V2_COMPATIBLE(bi))
483		bi->logicalDisplayBase = bi->dispDeviceBase;
484
485	/* Fixup depth 16 -> 15 as that's what MacOS calls 16bpp */
486	if (bi->dispDeviceDepth == 16)
487		bi->dispDeviceDepth = 15;
488
489
490#ifdef CONFIG_BOOTX_TEXT
491	ptr = (unsigned long)bi->logicalDisplayBase;
492	ptr += bi->dispDeviceRect[1] * bi->dispDeviceRowBytes;
493	ptr += bi->dispDeviceRect[0] * ((bi->dispDeviceDepth + 7) / 8);
494	btext_setup_display(bi->dispDeviceRect[2] - bi->dispDeviceRect[0],
495			    bi->dispDeviceRect[3] - bi->dispDeviceRect[1],
496			    bi->dispDeviceDepth, bi->dispDeviceRowBytes,
497			    (unsigned long)bi->logicalDisplayBase);
498	btext_clearscreen();
499	btext_flushscreen();
500#endif /* CONFIG_BOOTX_TEXT */
501
502	/*
503	 * Test if boot-info is compatible.  Done only in config
504	 * CONFIG_BOOTX_TEXT since there is nothing much we can do
505	 * with an incompatible version, except display a message
506	 * and eventually hang the processor...
507	 *
508	 * I'll try to keep enough of boot-info compatible in the
509	 * future to always allow display of this message;
510	 */
511	if (!BOOT_INFO_IS_COMPATIBLE(bi)) {
512		bootx_printf(" !!! WARNING - Incompatible version"
513			     " of BootX !!!\n\n\n");
514		for (;;)
515			;
516	}
517	if (bi->architecture != BOOT_ARCH_PCI) {
518		bootx_printf(" !!! WARNING - Unsupported machine"
519			     " architecture !\n");
520		for (;;)
521			;
522	}
523
524#ifdef CONFIG_BOOTX_TEXT
525	btext_welcome(bi);
526#endif
527
528	/* New BootX enters kernel with MMU off, i/os are not allowed
529	 * here. This hack will have been done by the boostrap anyway.
530	 */
531	if (bi->version < 4) {
532		/*
533		 * XXX If this is an iMac, turn off the USB controller.
534		 */
535		model = (char *) bootx_early_getprop(r4 + bi->deviceTreeOffset,
536						     4, "model");
537		if (model
538		    && (strcmp(model, "iMac,1") == 0
539			|| strcmp(model, "PowerMac1,1") == 0)) {
540			bootx_printf("iMac,1 detected, shutting down USB\n");
541			out_le32((unsigned __iomem *)0x80880008, 1);	/* XXX */
542		}
543	}
544
545	/* Get a pointer that points above the device tree, args, ramdisk,
546	 * etc... to use for generating the flattened tree
547	 */
548	if (bi->version < 5) {
549		space = bi->deviceTreeOffset + bi->deviceTreeSize;
550		if (bi->ramDisk >= space)
551			space = bi->ramDisk + bi->ramDiskSize;
552	} else
553		space = bi->totalParamsSize;
554
555	bootx_printf("Total space used by parameters & ramdisk: 0x%x\n", space);
556
557	/* New BootX will have flushed all TLBs and enters kernel with
558	 * MMU switched OFF, so this should not be useful anymore.
559	 */
560	if (bi->version < 4) {
561		unsigned long x __maybe_unused;
562
563		bootx_printf("Touching pages...\n");
564
565		/*
566		 * Touch each page to make sure the PTEs for them
567		 * are in the hash table - the aim is to try to avoid
568		 * getting DSI exceptions while copying the kernel image.
569		 */
570		for (ptr = ((unsigned long) &_stext) & PAGE_MASK;
571		     ptr < (unsigned long)bi + space; ptr += PAGE_SIZE)
572			x = *(volatile unsigned long *)ptr;
573	}
574
575	/* Ok, now we need to generate a flattened device-tree to pass
576	 * to the kernel
577	 */
578	bootx_printf("Preparing boot params...\n");
579
580	hdr = bootx_flatten_dt(space);
581
582#ifdef CONFIG_BOOTX_TEXT
583#ifdef SET_BOOT_BAT
584	bootx_printf("Preparing BAT...\n");
585	btext_prepare_BAT();
586#else
587	btext_unmap();
588#endif
589#endif
590
591	reloc_got2(-offset);
592
593	__start(hdr, KERNELBASE + offset, 0);
594}