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/Lib/abc.py

http://unladen-swallow.googlecode.com/
Python | 174 lines | 149 code | 4 blank | 21 comment | 0 complexity | eaea1d9cdac060576c6cf1ebdadd5f6f MD5 | raw file
  1# Copyright 2007 Google, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  2# Licensed to PSF under a Contributor Agreement.
  3
  4"""Abstract Base Classes (ABCs) according to PEP 3119."""
  5
  6
  7def abstractmethod(funcobj):
  8    """A decorator indicating abstract methods.
  9
 10    Requires that the metaclass is ABCMeta or derived from it.  A
 11    class that has a metaclass derived from ABCMeta cannot be
 12    instantiated unless all of its abstract methods are overridden.
 13    The abstract methods can be called using any of the normal
 14    'super' call mechanisms.
 15
 16    Usage:
 17
 18        class C:
 19            __metaclass__ = ABCMeta
 20            @abstractmethod
 21            def my_abstract_method(self, ...):
 22                ...
 23    """
 24    funcobj.__isabstractmethod__ = True
 25    return funcobj
 26
 27
 28class abstractproperty(property):
 29    """A decorator indicating abstract properties.
 30
 31    Requires that the metaclass is ABCMeta or derived from it.  A
 32    class that has a metaclass derived from ABCMeta cannot be
 33    instantiated unless all of its abstract properties are overridden.
 34    The abstract properties can be called using any of the normal
 35    'super' call mechanisms.
 36
 37    Usage:
 38
 39        class C:
 40            __metaclass__ = ABCMeta
 41            @abstractproperty
 42            def my_abstract_property(self):
 43                ...
 44
 45    This defines a read-only property; you can also define a read-write
 46    abstract property using the 'long' form of property declaration:
 47
 48        class C:
 49            __metaclass__ = ABCMeta
 50            def getx(self): ...
 51            def setx(self, value): ...
 52            x = abstractproperty(getx, setx)
 53    """
 54    __isabstractmethod__ = True
 55
 56
 57class ABCMeta(type):
 58
 59    """Metaclass for defining Abstract Base Classes (ABCs).
 60
 61    Use this metaclass to create an ABC.  An ABC can be subclassed
 62    directly, and then acts as a mix-in class.  You can also register
 63    unrelated concrete classes (even built-in classes) and unrelated
 64    ABCs as 'virtual subclasses' -- these and their descendants will
 65    be considered subclasses of the registering ABC by the built-in
 66    issubclass() function, but the registering ABC won't show up in
 67    their MRO (Method Resolution Order) nor will method
 68    implementations defined by the registering ABC be callable (not
 69    even via super()).
 70
 71    """
 72
 73    # A global counter that is incremented each time a class is
 74    # registered as a virtual subclass of anything.  It forces the
 75    # negative cache to be cleared before its next use.
 76    _abc_invalidation_counter = 0
 77
 78    def __new__(mcls, name, bases, namespace):
 79        cls = super(ABCMeta, mcls).__new__(mcls, name, bases, namespace)
 80        # Compute set of abstract method names
 81        abstracts = set(name
 82                     for name, value in namespace.items()
 83                     if getattr(value, "__isabstractmethod__", False))
 84        for base in bases:
 85            for name in getattr(base, "__abstractmethods__", set()):
 86                value = getattr(cls, name, None)
 87                if getattr(value, "__isabstractmethod__", False):
 88                    abstracts.add(name)
 89        cls.__abstractmethods__ = frozenset(abstracts)
 90        # Set up inheritance registry
 91        cls._abc_registry = set()
 92        cls._abc_cache = set()
 93        cls._abc_negative_cache = set()
 94        cls._abc_negative_cache_version = ABCMeta._abc_invalidation_counter
 95        return cls
 96
 97    def register(cls, subclass):
 98        """Register a virtual subclass of an ABC."""
 99        if not isinstance(cls, type):
100            raise TypeError("Can only register classes")
101        if issubclass(subclass, cls):
102            return  # Already a subclass
103        # Subtle: test for cycles *after* testing for "already a subclass";
104        # this means we allow X.register(X) and interpret it as a no-op.
105        if issubclass(cls, subclass):
106            # This would create a cycle, which is bad for the algorithm below
107            raise RuntimeError("Refusing to create an inheritance cycle")
108        cls._abc_registry.add(subclass)
109        ABCMeta._abc_invalidation_counter += 1  # Invalidate negative cache
110
111    def _dump_registry(cls, file=None):
112        """Debug helper to print the ABC registry."""
113        print >> file, "Class: %s.%s" % (cls.__module__, cls.__name__)
114        print >> file, "Inv.counter: %s" % ABCMeta._abc_invalidation_counter
115        for name in sorted(cls.__dict__.keys()):
116            if name.startswith("_abc_"):
117                value = getattr(cls, name)
118                print >> file, "%s: %r" % (name, value)
119
120    def __instancecheck__(cls, instance):
121        """Override for isinstance(instance, cls)."""
122        # Inline the cache checking when it's simple.
123        subclass = getattr(instance, '__class__', None)
124        if subclass in cls._abc_cache:
125            return True
126        subtype = type(instance)
127        if subtype is subclass or subclass is None:
128            if (cls._abc_negative_cache_version ==
129                ABCMeta._abc_invalidation_counter and
130                subtype in cls._abc_negative_cache):
131                return False
132            # Fall back to the subclass check.
133            return cls.__subclasscheck__(subtype)
134        return (cls.__subclasscheck__(subclass) or
135                cls.__subclasscheck__(subtype))
136
137    def __subclasscheck__(cls, subclass):
138        """Override for issubclass(subclass, cls)."""
139        # Check cache
140        if subclass in cls._abc_cache:
141            return True
142        # Check negative cache; may have to invalidate
143        if cls._abc_negative_cache_version < ABCMeta._abc_invalidation_counter:
144            # Invalidate the negative cache
145            cls._abc_negative_cache = set()
146            cls._abc_negative_cache_version = ABCMeta._abc_invalidation_counter
147        elif subclass in cls._abc_negative_cache:
148            return False
149        # Check the subclass hook
150        ok = cls.__subclasshook__(subclass)
151        if ok is not NotImplemented:
152            assert isinstance(ok, bool)
153            if ok:
154                cls._abc_cache.add(subclass)
155            else:
156                cls._abc_negative_cache.add(subclass)
157            return ok
158        # Check if it's a direct subclass
159        if cls in getattr(subclass, '__mro__', ()):
160            cls._abc_cache.add(subclass)
161            return True
162        # Check if it's a subclass of a registered class (recursive)
163        for rcls in cls._abc_registry:
164            if issubclass(subclass, rcls):
165                cls._abc_cache.add(subclass)
166                return True
167        # Check if it's a subclass of a subclass (recursive)
168        for scls in cls.__subclasses__():
169            if issubclass(subclass, scls):
170                cls._abc_cache.add(subclass)
171                return True
172        # No dice; update negative cache
173        cls._abc_negative_cache.add(subclass)
174        return False