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/Lib/asynchat.py

http://unladen-swallow.googlecode.com/
Python | 314 lines | 287 code | 2 blank | 25 comment | 9 complexity | 899e2ea1eb98a636469eb97f4d95bc1c MD5 | raw file
  1# -*- Mode: Python; tab-width: 4 -*-
  2#       Id: asynchat.py,v 2.26 2000/09/07 22:29:26 rushing Exp
  3#       Author: Sam Rushing <rushing@nightmare.com>
  4
  5# ======================================================================
  6# Copyright 1996 by Sam Rushing
  7#
  8#                         All Rights Reserved
  9#
 10# Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and
 11# its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby
 12# granted, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all
 13# copies and that both that copyright notice and this permission
 14# notice appear in supporting documentation, and that the name of Sam
 15# Rushing not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to
 16# distribution of the software without specific, written prior
 17# permission.
 18#
 19# SAM RUSHING DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE,
 20# INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, IN
 21# NO EVENT SHALL SAM RUSHING BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR
 22# CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS
 23# OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
 24# NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN
 25# CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 26# ======================================================================
 27
 28r"""A class supporting chat-style (command/response) protocols.
 29
 30This class adds support for 'chat' style protocols - where one side
 31sends a 'command', and the other sends a response (examples would be
 32the common internet protocols - smtp, nntp, ftp, etc..).
 33
 34The handle_read() method looks at the input stream for the current
 35'terminator' (usually '\r\n' for single-line responses, '\r\n.\r\n'
 36for multi-line output), calling self.found_terminator() on its
 37receipt.
 38
 39for example:
 40Say you build an async nntp client using this class.  At the start
 41of the connection, you'll have self.terminator set to '\r\n', in
 42order to process the single-line greeting.  Just before issuing a
 43'LIST' command you'll set it to '\r\n.\r\n'.  The output of the LIST
 44command will be accumulated (using your own 'collect_incoming_data'
 45method) up to the terminator, and then control will be returned to
 46you - by calling your self.found_terminator() method.
 47"""
 48
 49import socket
 50import asyncore
 51from collections import deque
 52from sys import py3kwarning
 53from warnings import filterwarnings, catch_warnings
 54
 55class async_chat (asyncore.dispatcher):
 56    """This is an abstract class.  You must derive from this class, and add
 57    the two methods collect_incoming_data() and found_terminator()"""
 58
 59    # these are overridable defaults
 60
 61    ac_in_buffer_size       = 4096
 62    ac_out_buffer_size      = 4096
 63
 64    def __init__ (self, sock=None, map=None):
 65        # for string terminator matching
 66        self.ac_in_buffer = ''
 67
 68        # we use a list here rather than cStringIO for a few reasons...
 69        # del lst[:] is faster than sio.truncate(0)
 70        # lst = [] is faster than sio.truncate(0)
 71        # cStringIO will be gaining unicode support in py3k, which
 72        # will negatively affect the performance of bytes compared to
 73        # a ''.join() equivalent
 74        self.incoming = []
 75
 76        # we toss the use of the "simple producer" and replace it with
 77        # a pure deque, which the original fifo was a wrapping of
 78        self.producer_fifo = deque()
 79        asyncore.dispatcher.__init__ (self, sock, map)
 80
 81    def collect_incoming_data(self, data):
 82        raise NotImplementedError("must be implemented in subclass")
 83
 84    def _collect_incoming_data(self, data):
 85        self.incoming.append(data)
 86
 87    def _get_data(self):
 88        d = ''.join(self.incoming)
 89        del self.incoming[:]
 90        return d
 91
 92    def found_terminator(self):
 93        raise NotImplementedError("must be implemented in subclass")
 94
 95    def set_terminator (self, term):
 96        "Set the input delimiter.  Can be a fixed string of any length, an integer, or None"
 97        self.terminator = term
 98
 99    def get_terminator (self):
100        return self.terminator
101
102    # grab some more data from the socket,
103    # throw it to the collector method,
104    # check for the terminator,
105    # if found, transition to the next state.
106
107    def handle_read (self):
108
109        try:
110            data = self.recv (self.ac_in_buffer_size)
111        except socket.error, why:
112            self.handle_error()
113            return
114
115        self.ac_in_buffer = self.ac_in_buffer + data
116
117        # Continue to search for self.terminator in self.ac_in_buffer,
118        # while calling self.collect_incoming_data.  The while loop
119        # is necessary because we might read several data+terminator
120        # combos with a single recv(4096).
121
122        while self.ac_in_buffer:
123            lb = len(self.ac_in_buffer)
124            terminator = self.get_terminator()
125            if not terminator:
126                # no terminator, collect it all
127                self.collect_incoming_data (self.ac_in_buffer)
128                self.ac_in_buffer = ''
129            elif isinstance(terminator, int) or isinstance(terminator, long):
130                # numeric terminator
131                n = terminator
132                if lb < n:
133                    self.collect_incoming_data (self.ac_in_buffer)
134                    self.ac_in_buffer = ''
135                    self.terminator = self.terminator - lb
136                else:
137                    self.collect_incoming_data (self.ac_in_buffer[:n])
138                    self.ac_in_buffer = self.ac_in_buffer[n:]
139                    self.terminator = 0
140                    self.found_terminator()
141            else:
142                # 3 cases:
143                # 1) end of buffer matches terminator exactly:
144                #    collect data, transition
145                # 2) end of buffer matches some prefix:
146                #    collect data to the prefix
147                # 3) end of buffer does not match any prefix:
148                #    collect data
149                terminator_len = len(terminator)
150                index = self.ac_in_buffer.find(terminator)
151                if index != -1:
152                    # we found the terminator
153                    if index > 0:
154                        # don't bother reporting the empty string (source of subtle bugs)
155                        self.collect_incoming_data (self.ac_in_buffer[:index])
156                    self.ac_in_buffer = self.ac_in_buffer[index+terminator_len:]
157                    # This does the Right Thing if the terminator is changed here.
158                    self.found_terminator()
159                else:
160                    # check for a prefix of the terminator
161                    index = find_prefix_at_end (self.ac_in_buffer, terminator)
162                    if index:
163                        if index != lb:
164                            # we found a prefix, collect up to the prefix
165                            self.collect_incoming_data (self.ac_in_buffer[:-index])
166                            self.ac_in_buffer = self.ac_in_buffer[-index:]
167                        break
168                    else:
169                        # no prefix, collect it all
170                        self.collect_incoming_data (self.ac_in_buffer)
171                        self.ac_in_buffer = ''
172
173    def handle_write (self):
174        self.initiate_send()
175
176    def handle_close (self):
177        self.close()
178
179    def push (self, data):
180        sabs = self.ac_out_buffer_size
181        if len(data) > sabs:
182            for i in xrange(0, len(data), sabs):
183                self.producer_fifo.append(data[i:i+sabs])
184        else:
185            self.producer_fifo.append(data)
186        self.initiate_send()
187
188    def push_with_producer (self, producer):
189        self.producer_fifo.append(producer)
190        self.initiate_send()
191
192    def readable (self):
193        "predicate for inclusion in the readable for select()"
194        # cannot use the old predicate, it violates the claim of the
195        # set_terminator method.
196
197        # return (len(self.ac_in_buffer) <= self.ac_in_buffer_size)
198        return 1
199
200    def writable (self):
201        "predicate for inclusion in the writable for select()"
202        return self.producer_fifo or (not self.connected)
203
204    def close_when_done (self):
205        "automatically close this channel once the outgoing queue is empty"
206        self.producer_fifo.append(None)
207
208    def initiate_send(self):
209        while self.producer_fifo and self.connected:
210            first = self.producer_fifo[0]
211            # handle empty string/buffer or None entry
212            if not first:
213                del self.producer_fifo[0]
214                if first is None:
215                    self.handle_close()
216                    return
217
218            # handle classic producer behavior
219            obs = self.ac_out_buffer_size
220            try:
221                with catch_warnings():
222                    if py3kwarning:
223                        filterwarnings("ignore", ".*buffer", DeprecationWarning)
224                    data = buffer(first, 0, obs)
225            except TypeError:
226                data = first.more()
227                if data:
228                    self.producer_fifo.appendleft(data)
229                else:
230                    del self.producer_fifo[0]
231                continue
232
233            # send the data
234            try:
235                num_sent = self.send(data)
236            except socket.error:
237                self.handle_error()
238                return
239
240            if num_sent:
241                if num_sent < len(data) or obs < len(first):
242                    self.producer_fifo[0] = first[num_sent:]
243                else:
244                    del self.producer_fifo[0]
245            # we tried to send some actual data
246            return
247
248    def discard_buffers (self):
249        # Emergencies only!
250        self.ac_in_buffer = ''
251        del self.incoming[:]
252        self.producer_fifo.clear()
253
254class simple_producer:
255
256    def __init__ (self, data, buffer_size=512):
257        self.data = data
258        self.buffer_size = buffer_size
259
260    def more (self):
261        if len (self.data) > self.buffer_size:
262            result = self.data[:self.buffer_size]
263            self.data = self.data[self.buffer_size:]
264            return result
265        else:
266            result = self.data
267            self.data = ''
268            return result
269
270class fifo:
271    def __init__ (self, list=None):
272        if not list:
273            self.list = deque()
274        else:
275            self.list = deque(list)
276
277    def __len__ (self):
278        return len(self.list)
279
280    def is_empty (self):
281        return not self.list
282
283    def first (self):
284        return self.list[0]
285
286    def push (self, data):
287        self.list.append(data)
288
289    def pop (self):
290        if self.list:
291            return (1, self.list.popleft())
292        else:
293            return (0, None)
294
295# Given 'haystack', see if any prefix of 'needle' is at its end.  This
296# assumes an exact match has already been checked.  Return the number of
297# characters matched.
298# for example:
299# f_p_a_e ("qwerty\r", "\r\n") => 1
300# f_p_a_e ("qwertydkjf", "\r\n") => 0
301# f_p_a_e ("qwerty\r\n", "\r\n") => <undefined>
302
303# this could maybe be made faster with a computed regex?
304# [answer: no; circa Python-2.0, Jan 2001]
305# new python:   28961/s
306# old python:   18307/s
307# re:        12820/s
308# regex:     14035/s
309
310def find_prefix_at_end (haystack, needle):
311    l = len(needle) - 1
312    while l and not haystack.endswith(needle[:l]):
313        l -= 1
314    return l