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/net/netfilter/ipvs/ip_vs_proto_udp.c

http://github.com/mirrors/linux
C | 503 lines | 392 code | 64 blank | 47 comment | 85 complexity | 9f33e16eb156383b535d8aead8c99fbc MD5 | raw file
  1// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
  2/*
  3 * ip_vs_proto_udp.c:	UDP load balancing support for IPVS
  4 *
  5 * Authors:     Wensong Zhang <wensong@linuxvirtualserver.org>
  6 *              Julian Anastasov <ja@ssi.bg>
  7 *
  8 * Changes:     Hans Schillstrom <hans.schillstrom@ericsson.com>
  9 *              Network name space (netns) aware.
 10 */
 11
 12#define KMSG_COMPONENT "IPVS"
 13#define pr_fmt(fmt) KMSG_COMPONENT ": " fmt
 14
 15#include <linux/in.h>
 16#include <linux/ip.h>
 17#include <linux/kernel.h>
 18#include <linux/netfilter.h>
 19#include <linux/netfilter_ipv4.h>
 20#include <linux/udp.h>
 21#include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h>
 22
 23#include <net/ip_vs.h>
 24#include <net/ip.h>
 25#include <net/ip6_checksum.h>
 26
 27static int
 28udp_csum_check(int af, struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_vs_protocol *pp);
 29
 30static int
 31udp_conn_schedule(struct netns_ipvs *ipvs, int af, struct sk_buff *skb,
 32		  struct ip_vs_proto_data *pd,
 33		  int *verdict, struct ip_vs_conn **cpp,
 34		  struct ip_vs_iphdr *iph)
 35{
 36	struct ip_vs_service *svc;
 37	struct udphdr _udph, *uh;
 38	__be16 _ports[2], *ports = NULL;
 39
 40	if (likely(!ip_vs_iph_icmp(iph))) {
 41		/* IPv6 fragments, only first fragment will hit this */
 42		uh = skb_header_pointer(skb, iph->len, sizeof(_udph), &_udph);
 43		if (uh)
 44			ports = &uh->source;
 45	} else {
 46		ports = skb_header_pointer(
 47			skb, iph->len, sizeof(_ports), &_ports);
 48	}
 49
 50	if (!ports) {
 51		*verdict = NF_DROP;
 52		return 0;
 53	}
 54
 55	if (likely(!ip_vs_iph_inverse(iph)))
 56		svc = ip_vs_service_find(ipvs, af, skb->mark, iph->protocol,
 57					 &iph->daddr, ports[1]);
 58	else
 59		svc = ip_vs_service_find(ipvs, af, skb->mark, iph->protocol,
 60					 &iph->saddr, ports[0]);
 61
 62	if (svc) {
 63		int ignored;
 64
 65		if (ip_vs_todrop(ipvs)) {
 66			/*
 67			 * It seems that we are very loaded.
 68			 * We have to drop this packet :(
 69			 */
 70			*verdict = NF_DROP;
 71			return 0;
 72		}
 73
 74		/*
 75		 * Let the virtual server select a real server for the
 76		 * incoming connection, and create a connection entry.
 77		 */
 78		*cpp = ip_vs_schedule(svc, skb, pd, &ignored, iph);
 79		if (!*cpp && ignored <= 0) {
 80			if (!ignored)
 81				*verdict = ip_vs_leave(svc, skb, pd, iph);
 82			else
 83				*verdict = NF_DROP;
 84			return 0;
 85		}
 86	}
 87	/* NF_ACCEPT */
 88	return 1;
 89}
 90
 91
 92static inline void
 93udp_fast_csum_update(int af, struct udphdr *uhdr,
 94		     const union nf_inet_addr *oldip,
 95		     const union nf_inet_addr *newip,
 96		     __be16 oldport, __be16 newport)
 97{
 98#ifdef CONFIG_IP_VS_IPV6
 99	if (af == AF_INET6)
100		uhdr->check =
101			csum_fold(ip_vs_check_diff16(oldip->ip6, newip->ip6,
102					 ip_vs_check_diff2(oldport, newport,
103						~csum_unfold(uhdr->check))));
104	else
105#endif
106		uhdr->check =
107			csum_fold(ip_vs_check_diff4(oldip->ip, newip->ip,
108					 ip_vs_check_diff2(oldport, newport,
109						~csum_unfold(uhdr->check))));
110	if (!uhdr->check)
111		uhdr->check = CSUM_MANGLED_0;
112}
113
114static inline void
115udp_partial_csum_update(int af, struct udphdr *uhdr,
116		     const union nf_inet_addr *oldip,
117		     const union nf_inet_addr *newip,
118		     __be16 oldlen, __be16 newlen)
119{
120#ifdef CONFIG_IP_VS_IPV6
121	if (af == AF_INET6)
122		uhdr->check =
123			~csum_fold(ip_vs_check_diff16(oldip->ip6, newip->ip6,
124					 ip_vs_check_diff2(oldlen, newlen,
125						csum_unfold(uhdr->check))));
126	else
127#endif
128	uhdr->check =
129		~csum_fold(ip_vs_check_diff4(oldip->ip, newip->ip,
130				ip_vs_check_diff2(oldlen, newlen,
131						csum_unfold(uhdr->check))));
132}
133
134
135INDIRECT_CALLABLE_SCOPE int
136udp_snat_handler(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_vs_protocol *pp,
137		 struct ip_vs_conn *cp, struct ip_vs_iphdr *iph)
138{
139	struct udphdr *udph;
140	unsigned int udphoff = iph->len;
141	bool payload_csum = false;
142	int oldlen;
143
144#ifdef CONFIG_IP_VS_IPV6
145	if (cp->af == AF_INET6 && iph->fragoffs)
146		return 1;
147#endif
148	oldlen = skb->len - udphoff;
149
150	/* csum_check requires unshared skb */
151	if (skb_ensure_writable(skb, udphoff + sizeof(*udph)))
152		return 0;
153
154	if (unlikely(cp->app != NULL)) {
155		int ret;
156
157		/* Some checks before mangling */
158		if (!udp_csum_check(cp->af, skb, pp))
159			return 0;
160
161		/*
162		 *	Call application helper if needed
163		 */
164		if (!(ret = ip_vs_app_pkt_out(cp, skb, iph)))
165			return 0;
166		/* ret=2: csum update is needed after payload mangling */
167		if (ret == 1)
168			oldlen = skb->len - udphoff;
169		else
170			payload_csum = true;
171	}
172
173	udph = (void *)skb_network_header(skb) + udphoff;
174	udph->source = cp->vport;
175
176	/*
177	 *	Adjust UDP checksums
178	 */
179	if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL) {
180		udp_partial_csum_update(cp->af, udph, &cp->daddr, &cp->vaddr,
181					htons(oldlen),
182					htons(skb->len - udphoff));
183	} else if (!payload_csum && (udph->check != 0)) {
184		/* Only port and addr are changed, do fast csum update */
185		udp_fast_csum_update(cp->af, udph, &cp->daddr, &cp->vaddr,
186				     cp->dport, cp->vport);
187		if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE)
188			skb->ip_summed = cp->app ?
189					 CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY : CHECKSUM_NONE;
190	} else {
191		/* full checksum calculation */
192		udph->check = 0;
193		skb->csum = skb_checksum(skb, udphoff, skb->len - udphoff, 0);
194#ifdef CONFIG_IP_VS_IPV6
195		if (cp->af == AF_INET6)
196			udph->check = csum_ipv6_magic(&cp->vaddr.in6,
197						      &cp->caddr.in6,
198						      skb->len - udphoff,
199						      cp->protocol, skb->csum);
200		else
201#endif
202			udph->check = csum_tcpudp_magic(cp->vaddr.ip,
203							cp->caddr.ip,
204							skb->len - udphoff,
205							cp->protocol,
206							skb->csum);
207		if (udph->check == 0)
208			udph->check = CSUM_MANGLED_0;
209		skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY;
210		IP_VS_DBG(11, "O-pkt: %s O-csum=%d (+%zd)\n",
211			  pp->name, udph->check,
212			  (char*)&(udph->check) - (char*)udph);
213	}
214	return 1;
215}
216
217
218static int
219udp_dnat_handler(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_vs_protocol *pp,
220		 struct ip_vs_conn *cp, struct ip_vs_iphdr *iph)
221{
222	struct udphdr *udph;
223	unsigned int udphoff = iph->len;
224	bool payload_csum = false;
225	int oldlen;
226
227#ifdef CONFIG_IP_VS_IPV6
228	if (cp->af == AF_INET6 && iph->fragoffs)
229		return 1;
230#endif
231	oldlen = skb->len - udphoff;
232
233	/* csum_check requires unshared skb */
234	if (skb_ensure_writable(skb, udphoff + sizeof(*udph)))
235		return 0;
236
237	if (unlikely(cp->app != NULL)) {
238		int ret;
239
240		/* Some checks before mangling */
241		if (!udp_csum_check(cp->af, skb, pp))
242			return 0;
243
244		/*
245		 *	Attempt ip_vs_app call.
246		 *	It will fix ip_vs_conn
247		 */
248		if (!(ret = ip_vs_app_pkt_in(cp, skb, iph)))
249			return 0;
250		/* ret=2: csum update is needed after payload mangling */
251		if (ret == 1)
252			oldlen = skb->len - udphoff;
253		else
254			payload_csum = true;
255	}
256
257	udph = (void *)skb_network_header(skb) + udphoff;
258	udph->dest = cp->dport;
259
260	/*
261	 *	Adjust UDP checksums
262	 */
263	if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL) {
264		udp_partial_csum_update(cp->af, udph, &cp->vaddr, &cp->daddr,
265					htons(oldlen),
266					htons(skb->len - udphoff));
267	} else if (!payload_csum && (udph->check != 0)) {
268		/* Only port and addr are changed, do fast csum update */
269		udp_fast_csum_update(cp->af, udph, &cp->vaddr, &cp->daddr,
270				     cp->vport, cp->dport);
271		if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE)
272			skb->ip_summed = cp->app ?
273					 CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY : CHECKSUM_NONE;
274	} else {
275		/* full checksum calculation */
276		udph->check = 0;
277		skb->csum = skb_checksum(skb, udphoff, skb->len - udphoff, 0);
278#ifdef CONFIG_IP_VS_IPV6
279		if (cp->af == AF_INET6)
280			udph->check = csum_ipv6_magic(&cp->caddr.in6,
281						      &cp->daddr.in6,
282						      skb->len - udphoff,
283						      cp->protocol, skb->csum);
284		else
285#endif
286			udph->check = csum_tcpudp_magic(cp->caddr.ip,
287							cp->daddr.ip,
288							skb->len - udphoff,
289							cp->protocol,
290							skb->csum);
291		if (udph->check == 0)
292			udph->check = CSUM_MANGLED_0;
293		skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY;
294	}
295	return 1;
296}
297
298
299static int
300udp_csum_check(int af, struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_vs_protocol *pp)
301{
302	struct udphdr _udph, *uh;
303	unsigned int udphoff;
304
305#ifdef CONFIG_IP_VS_IPV6
306	if (af == AF_INET6)
307		udphoff = sizeof(struct ipv6hdr);
308	else
309#endif
310		udphoff = ip_hdrlen(skb);
311
312	uh = skb_header_pointer(skb, udphoff, sizeof(_udph), &_udph);
313	if (uh == NULL)
314		return 0;
315
316	if (uh->check != 0) {
317		switch (skb->ip_summed) {
318		case CHECKSUM_NONE:
319			skb->csum = skb_checksum(skb, udphoff,
320						 skb->len - udphoff, 0);
321			/* fall through */
322		case CHECKSUM_COMPLETE:
323#ifdef CONFIG_IP_VS_IPV6
324			if (af == AF_INET6) {
325				if (csum_ipv6_magic(&ipv6_hdr(skb)->saddr,
326						    &ipv6_hdr(skb)->daddr,
327						    skb->len - udphoff,
328						    ipv6_hdr(skb)->nexthdr,
329						    skb->csum)) {
330					IP_VS_DBG_RL_PKT(0, af, pp, skb, 0,
331							 "Failed checksum for");
332					return 0;
333				}
334			} else
335#endif
336				if (csum_tcpudp_magic(ip_hdr(skb)->saddr,
337						      ip_hdr(skb)->daddr,
338						      skb->len - udphoff,
339						      ip_hdr(skb)->protocol,
340						      skb->csum)) {
341					IP_VS_DBG_RL_PKT(0, af, pp, skb, 0,
342							 "Failed checksum for");
343					return 0;
344				}
345			break;
346		default:
347			/* No need to checksum. */
348			break;
349		}
350	}
351	return 1;
352}
353
354static inline __u16 udp_app_hashkey(__be16 port)
355{
356	return (((__force u16)port >> UDP_APP_TAB_BITS) ^ (__force u16)port)
357		& UDP_APP_TAB_MASK;
358}
359
360
361static int udp_register_app(struct netns_ipvs *ipvs, struct ip_vs_app *inc)
362{
363	struct ip_vs_app *i;
364	__u16 hash;
365	__be16 port = inc->port;
366	int ret = 0;
367	struct ip_vs_proto_data *pd = ip_vs_proto_data_get(ipvs, IPPROTO_UDP);
368
369	hash = udp_app_hashkey(port);
370
371	list_for_each_entry(i, &ipvs->udp_apps[hash], p_list) {
372		if (i->port == port) {
373			ret = -EEXIST;
374			goto out;
375		}
376	}
377	list_add_rcu(&inc->p_list, &ipvs->udp_apps[hash]);
378	atomic_inc(&pd->appcnt);
379
380  out:
381	return ret;
382}
383
384
385static void
386udp_unregister_app(struct netns_ipvs *ipvs, struct ip_vs_app *inc)
387{
388	struct ip_vs_proto_data *pd = ip_vs_proto_data_get(ipvs, IPPROTO_UDP);
389
390	atomic_dec(&pd->appcnt);
391	list_del_rcu(&inc->p_list);
392}
393
394
395static int udp_app_conn_bind(struct ip_vs_conn *cp)
396{
397	struct netns_ipvs *ipvs = cp->ipvs;
398	int hash;
399	struct ip_vs_app *inc;
400	int result = 0;
401
402	/* Default binding: bind app only for NAT */
403	if (IP_VS_FWD_METHOD(cp) != IP_VS_CONN_F_MASQ)
404		return 0;
405
406	/* Lookup application incarnations and bind the right one */
407	hash = udp_app_hashkey(cp->vport);
408
409	list_for_each_entry_rcu(inc, &ipvs->udp_apps[hash], p_list) {
410		if (inc->port == cp->vport) {
411			if (unlikely(!ip_vs_app_inc_get(inc)))
412				break;
413
414			IP_VS_DBG_BUF(9, "%s(): Binding conn %s:%u->"
415				      "%s:%u to app %s on port %u\n",
416				      __func__,
417				      IP_VS_DBG_ADDR(cp->af, &cp->caddr),
418				      ntohs(cp->cport),
419				      IP_VS_DBG_ADDR(cp->af, &cp->vaddr),
420				      ntohs(cp->vport),
421				      inc->name, ntohs(inc->port));
422
423			cp->app = inc;
424			if (inc->init_conn)
425				result = inc->init_conn(inc, cp);
426			break;
427		}
428	}
429
430	return result;
431}
432
433
434static const int udp_timeouts[IP_VS_UDP_S_LAST+1] = {
435	[IP_VS_UDP_S_NORMAL]		=	5*60*HZ,
436	[IP_VS_UDP_S_LAST]		=	2*HZ,
437};
438
439static const char *const udp_state_name_table[IP_VS_UDP_S_LAST+1] = {
440	[IP_VS_UDP_S_NORMAL]		=	"UDP",
441	[IP_VS_UDP_S_LAST]		=	"BUG!",
442};
443
444static const char * udp_state_name(int state)
445{
446	if (state >= IP_VS_UDP_S_LAST)
447		return "ERR!";
448	return udp_state_name_table[state] ? udp_state_name_table[state] : "?";
449}
450
451static void
452udp_state_transition(struct ip_vs_conn *cp, int direction,
453		     const struct sk_buff *skb,
454		     struct ip_vs_proto_data *pd)
455{
456	if (unlikely(!pd)) {
457		pr_err("UDP no ns data\n");
458		return;
459	}
460
461	cp->timeout = pd->timeout_table[IP_VS_UDP_S_NORMAL];
462	if (direction == IP_VS_DIR_OUTPUT)
463		ip_vs_control_assure_ct(cp);
464}
465
466static int __udp_init(struct netns_ipvs *ipvs, struct ip_vs_proto_data *pd)
467{
468	ip_vs_init_hash_table(ipvs->udp_apps, UDP_APP_TAB_SIZE);
469	pd->timeout_table = ip_vs_create_timeout_table((int *)udp_timeouts,
470							sizeof(udp_timeouts));
471	if (!pd->timeout_table)
472		return -ENOMEM;
473	return 0;
474}
475
476static void __udp_exit(struct netns_ipvs *ipvs, struct ip_vs_proto_data *pd)
477{
478	kfree(pd->timeout_table);
479}
480
481
482struct ip_vs_protocol ip_vs_protocol_udp = {
483	.name =			"UDP",
484	.protocol =		IPPROTO_UDP,
485	.num_states =		IP_VS_UDP_S_LAST,
486	.dont_defrag =		0,
487	.init =			NULL,
488	.exit =			NULL,
489	.init_netns =		__udp_init,
490	.exit_netns =		__udp_exit,
491	.conn_schedule =	udp_conn_schedule,
492	.conn_in_get =		ip_vs_conn_in_get_proto,
493	.conn_out_get =		ip_vs_conn_out_get_proto,
494	.snat_handler =		udp_snat_handler,
495	.dnat_handler =		udp_dnat_handler,
496	.state_transition =	udp_state_transition,
497	.state_name =		udp_state_name,
498	.register_app =		udp_register_app,
499	.unregister_app =	udp_unregister_app,
500	.app_conn_bind =	udp_app_conn_bind,
501	.debug_packet =		ip_vs_tcpudp_debug_packet,
502	.timeout_change =	NULL,
503};