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/net/core/gen_estimator.c

http://github.com/mirrors/linux
C | 267 lines | 166 code | 34 blank | 67 comment | 16 complexity | 47b33b59cf41440a165c41ed8b7ec51f MD5 | raw file
  1// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
  2/*
  3 * net/sched/gen_estimator.c	Simple rate estimator.
  4 *
  5 * Authors:	Alexey Kuznetsov, <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru>
  6 *		Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
  7 *
  8 * Changes:
  9 *              Jamal Hadi Salim - moved it to net/core and reshulfed
 10 *              names to make it usable in general net subsystem.
 11 */
 12
 13#include <linux/uaccess.h>
 14#include <linux/bitops.h>
 15#include <linux/module.h>
 16#include <linux/types.h>
 17#include <linux/kernel.h>
 18#include <linux/jiffies.h>
 19#include <linux/string.h>
 20#include <linux/mm.h>
 21#include <linux/socket.h>
 22#include <linux/sockios.h>
 23#include <linux/in.h>
 24#include <linux/errno.h>
 25#include <linux/interrupt.h>
 26#include <linux/netdevice.h>
 27#include <linux/skbuff.h>
 28#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
 29#include <linux/init.h>
 30#include <linux/slab.h>
 31#include <linux/seqlock.h>
 32#include <net/sock.h>
 33#include <net/gen_stats.h>
 34
 35/* This code is NOT intended to be used for statistics collection,
 36 * its purpose is to provide a base for statistical multiplexing
 37 * for controlled load service.
 38 * If you need only statistics, run a user level daemon which
 39 * periodically reads byte counters.
 40 */
 41
 42struct net_rate_estimator {
 43	struct gnet_stats_basic_packed	*bstats;
 44	spinlock_t		*stats_lock;
 45	seqcount_t		*running;
 46	struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu __percpu *cpu_bstats;
 47	u8			ewma_log;
 48	u8			intvl_log; /* period : (250ms << intvl_log) */
 49
 50	seqcount_t		seq;
 51	u64			last_packets;
 52	u64			last_bytes;
 53
 54	u64			avpps;
 55	u64			avbps;
 56
 57	unsigned long           next_jiffies;
 58	struct timer_list       timer;
 59	struct rcu_head		rcu;
 60};
 61
 62static void est_fetch_counters(struct net_rate_estimator *e,
 63			       struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *b)
 64{
 65	memset(b, 0, sizeof(*b));
 66	if (e->stats_lock)
 67		spin_lock(e->stats_lock);
 68
 69	__gnet_stats_copy_basic(e->running, b, e->cpu_bstats, e->bstats);
 70
 71	if (e->stats_lock)
 72		spin_unlock(e->stats_lock);
 73
 74}
 75
 76static void est_timer(struct timer_list *t)
 77{
 78	struct net_rate_estimator *est = from_timer(est, t, timer);
 79	struct gnet_stats_basic_packed b;
 80	u64 rate, brate;
 81
 82	est_fetch_counters(est, &b);
 83	brate = (b.bytes - est->last_bytes) << (10 - est->ewma_log - est->intvl_log);
 84	brate -= (est->avbps >> est->ewma_log);
 85
 86	rate = (b.packets - est->last_packets) << (10 - est->ewma_log - est->intvl_log);
 87	rate -= (est->avpps >> est->ewma_log);
 88
 89	write_seqcount_begin(&est->seq);
 90	est->avbps += brate;
 91	est->avpps += rate;
 92	write_seqcount_end(&est->seq);
 93
 94	est->last_bytes = b.bytes;
 95	est->last_packets = b.packets;
 96
 97	est->next_jiffies += ((HZ/4) << est->intvl_log);
 98
 99	if (unlikely(time_after_eq(jiffies, est->next_jiffies))) {
100		/* Ouch... timer was delayed. */
101		est->next_jiffies = jiffies + 1;
102	}
103	mod_timer(&est->timer, est->next_jiffies);
104}
105
106/**
107 * gen_new_estimator - create a new rate estimator
108 * @bstats: basic statistics
109 * @cpu_bstats: bstats per cpu
110 * @rate_est: rate estimator statistics
111 * @lock: lock for statistics and control path
112 * @running: qdisc running seqcount
113 * @opt: rate estimator configuration TLV
114 *
115 * Creates a new rate estimator with &bstats as source and &rate_est
116 * as destination. A new timer with the interval specified in the
117 * configuration TLV is created. Upon each interval, the latest statistics
118 * will be read from &bstats and the estimated rate will be stored in
119 * &rate_est with the statistics lock grabbed during this period.
120 *
121 * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code.
122 *
123 */
124int gen_new_estimator(struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *bstats,
125		      struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu __percpu *cpu_bstats,
126		      struct net_rate_estimator __rcu **rate_est,
127		      spinlock_t *lock,
128		      seqcount_t *running,
129		      struct nlattr *opt)
130{
131	struct gnet_estimator *parm = nla_data(opt);
132	struct net_rate_estimator *old, *est;
133	struct gnet_stats_basic_packed b;
134	int intvl_log;
135
136	if (nla_len(opt) < sizeof(*parm))
137		return -EINVAL;
138
139	/* allowed timer periods are :
140	 * -2 : 250ms,   -1 : 500ms,    0 : 1 sec
141	 *  1 : 2 sec,    2 : 4 sec,    3 : 8 sec
142	 */
143	if (parm->interval < -2 || parm->interval > 3)
144		return -EINVAL;
145
146	est = kzalloc(sizeof(*est), GFP_KERNEL);
147	if (!est)
148		return -ENOBUFS;
149
150	seqcount_init(&est->seq);
151	intvl_log = parm->interval + 2;
152	est->bstats = bstats;
153	est->stats_lock = lock;
154	est->running  = running;
155	est->ewma_log = parm->ewma_log;
156	est->intvl_log = intvl_log;
157	est->cpu_bstats = cpu_bstats;
158
159	if (lock)
160		local_bh_disable();
161	est_fetch_counters(est, &b);
162	if (lock)
163		local_bh_enable();
164	est->last_bytes = b.bytes;
165	est->last_packets = b.packets;
166
167	if (lock)
168		spin_lock_bh(lock);
169	old = rcu_dereference_protected(*rate_est, 1);
170	if (old) {
171		del_timer_sync(&old->timer);
172		est->avbps = old->avbps;
173		est->avpps = old->avpps;
174	}
175
176	est->next_jiffies = jiffies + ((HZ/4) << intvl_log);
177	timer_setup(&est->timer, est_timer, 0);
178	mod_timer(&est->timer, est->next_jiffies);
179
180	rcu_assign_pointer(*rate_est, est);
181	if (lock)
182		spin_unlock_bh(lock);
183	if (old)
184		kfree_rcu(old, rcu);
185	return 0;
186}
187EXPORT_SYMBOL(gen_new_estimator);
188
189/**
190 * gen_kill_estimator - remove a rate estimator
191 * @rate_est: rate estimator
192 *
193 * Removes the rate estimator.
194 *
195 */
196void gen_kill_estimator(struct net_rate_estimator __rcu **rate_est)
197{
198	struct net_rate_estimator *est;
199
200	est = xchg((__force struct net_rate_estimator **)rate_est, NULL);
201	if (est) {
202		del_timer_sync(&est->timer);
203		kfree_rcu(est, rcu);
204	}
205}
206EXPORT_SYMBOL(gen_kill_estimator);
207
208/**
209 * gen_replace_estimator - replace rate estimator configuration
210 * @bstats: basic statistics
211 * @cpu_bstats: bstats per cpu
212 * @rate_est: rate estimator statistics
213 * @lock: lock for statistics and control path
214 * @running: qdisc running seqcount (might be NULL)
215 * @opt: rate estimator configuration TLV
216 *
217 * Replaces the configuration of a rate estimator by calling
218 * gen_kill_estimator() and gen_new_estimator().
219 *
220 * Returns 0 on success or a negative error code.
221 */
222int gen_replace_estimator(struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *bstats,
223			  struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu __percpu *cpu_bstats,
224			  struct net_rate_estimator __rcu **rate_est,
225			  spinlock_t *lock,
226			  seqcount_t *running, struct nlattr *opt)
227{
228	return gen_new_estimator(bstats, cpu_bstats, rate_est,
229				 lock, running, opt);
230}
231EXPORT_SYMBOL(gen_replace_estimator);
232
233/**
234 * gen_estimator_active - test if estimator is currently in use
235 * @rate_est: rate estimator
236 *
237 * Returns true if estimator is active, and false if not.
238 */
239bool gen_estimator_active(struct net_rate_estimator __rcu **rate_est)
240{
241	return !!rcu_access_pointer(*rate_est);
242}
243EXPORT_SYMBOL(gen_estimator_active);
244
245bool gen_estimator_read(struct net_rate_estimator __rcu **rate_est,
246			struct gnet_stats_rate_est64 *sample)
247{
248	struct net_rate_estimator *est;
249	unsigned seq;
250
251	rcu_read_lock();
252	est = rcu_dereference(*rate_est);
253	if (!est) {
254		rcu_read_unlock();
255		return false;
256	}
257
258	do {
259		seq = read_seqcount_begin(&est->seq);
260		sample->bps = est->avbps >> 8;
261		sample->pps = est->avpps >> 8;
262	} while (read_seqcount_retry(&est->seq, seq));
263
264	rcu_read_unlock();
265	return true;
266}
267EXPORT_SYMBOL(gen_estimator_read);