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/Lib/ctypes/test/test_objects.py

http://unladen-swallow.googlecode.com/
Python | 70 lines | 68 code | 1 blank | 1 comment | 2 complexity | ffb2f5a9ba99acdfffcc7ce85727c8cd MD5 | raw file
 1r'''
 2This tests the '_objects' attribute of ctypes instances.  '_objects'
 3holds references to objects that must be kept alive as long as the
 4ctypes instance, to make sure that the memory buffer is valid.
 5
 6WARNING: The '_objects' attribute is exposed ONLY for debugging ctypes itself,
 7it MUST NEVER BE MODIFIED!
 8
 9'_objects' is initialized to a dictionary on first use, before that it
10is None.
11
12Here is an array of string pointers:
13
14>>> from ctypes import *
15>>> array = (c_char_p * 5)()
16>>> print array._objects
17None
18>>>
19
20The memory block stores pointers to strings, and the strings itself
21assigned from Python must be kept.
22
23>>> array[4] = 'foo bar'
24>>> array._objects
25{'4': 'foo bar'}
26>>> array[4]
27'foo bar'
28>>>
29
30It gets more complicated when the ctypes instance itself is contained
31in a 'base' object.
32
33>>> class X(Structure):
34...     _fields_ = [("x", c_int), ("y", c_int), ("array", c_char_p * 5)]
35...
36>>> x = X()
37>>> print x._objects
38None
39>>>
40
41The'array' attribute of the 'x' object shares part of the memory buffer
42of 'x' ('_b_base_' is either None, or the root object owning the memory block):
43
44>>> print x.array._b_base_ # doctest: +ELLIPSIS
45<ctypes.test.test_objects.X object at 0x...>
46>>>
47
48>>> x.array[0] = 'spam spam spam'
49>>> x._objects
50{'0:2': 'spam spam spam'}
51>>> x.array._b_base_._objects
52{'0:2': 'spam spam spam'}
53>>>
54
55'''
56
57import unittest, doctest, sys
58
59import ctypes.test.test_objects
60
61class TestCase(unittest.TestCase):
62    if sys.hexversion > 0x02040000:
63        # Python 2.3 has no ELLIPSIS flag, so we don't test with this
64        # version:
65        def test(self):
66            doctest.testmod(ctypes.test.test_objects)
67
68if __name__ == '__main__':
69    if sys.hexversion > 0x02040000:
70        doctest.testmod(ctypes.test.test_objects)