PageRenderTime 29ms CodeModel.GetById 12ms app.highlight 12ms RepoModel.GetById 2ms app.codeStats 0ms

/drivers/net/usb/zaurus.c

http://github.com/mirrors/linux
C | 373 lines | 259 code | 31 blank | 83 comment | 21 complexity | dbae7a2bde25afe3848bb15384e92a77 MD5 | raw file
  1// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
  2/*
  3 * Copyright (C) 2002 Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>
  4 * Copyright (C) 2002-2005 by David Brownell
  5 */
  6
  7// #define	DEBUG			// error path messages, extra info
  8// #define	VERBOSE			// more; success messages
  9
 10#include <linux/module.h>
 11#include <linux/netdevice.h>
 12#include <linux/ethtool.h>
 13#include <linux/workqueue.h>
 14#include <linux/mii.h>
 15#include <linux/crc32.h>
 16#include <linux/usb.h>
 17#include <linux/usb/cdc.h>
 18#include <linux/usb/usbnet.h>
 19
 20
 21/*
 22 * All known Zaurii lie about their standards conformance.  At least
 23 * the earliest SA-1100 models lie by saying they support CDC Ethernet.
 24 * Some later models (especially PXA-25x and PXA-27x based ones) lie
 25 * and say they support CDC MDLM (for access to cell phone modems).
 26 *
 27 * There are non-Zaurus products that use these same protocols too.
 28 *
 29 * The annoying thing is that at the same time Sharp was developing
 30 * that annoying standards-breaking software, the Linux community had
 31 * a simple "CDC Subset" working reliably on the same SA-1100 hardware.
 32 * That is, the same functionality but not violating standards.
 33 *
 34 * The CDC Ethernet nonconformance points are troublesome to hosts
 35 * with a true CDC Ethernet implementation:
 36 *   - Framing appends a CRC, which the spec says drivers "must not" do;
 37 *   - Transfers data in altsetting zero, instead of altsetting 1;
 38 *   - All these peripherals use the same ethernet address.
 39 *
 40 * The CDC MDLM nonconformance is less immediately troublesome, since all
 41 * MDLM implementations are quasi-proprietary anyway.
 42 */
 43
 44static struct sk_buff *
 45zaurus_tx_fixup(struct usbnet *dev, struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t flags)
 46{
 47	int			padlen;
 48	struct sk_buff		*skb2;
 49
 50	padlen = 2;
 51	if (!skb_cloned(skb)) {
 52		int	tailroom = skb_tailroom(skb);
 53		if ((padlen + 4) <= tailroom)
 54			goto done;
 55	}
 56	skb2 = skb_copy_expand(skb, 0, 4 + padlen, flags);
 57	dev_kfree_skb_any(skb);
 58	skb = skb2;
 59	if (skb) {
 60		u32		fcs;
 61done:
 62		fcs = crc32_le(~0, skb->data, skb->len);
 63		fcs = ~fcs;
 64
 65		skb_put_u8(skb, fcs & 0xff);
 66		skb_put_u8(skb, (fcs >> 8) & 0xff);
 67		skb_put_u8(skb, (fcs >> 16) & 0xff);
 68		skb_put_u8(skb, (fcs >> 24) & 0xff);
 69	}
 70	return skb;
 71}
 72
 73static int zaurus_bind(struct usbnet *dev, struct usb_interface *intf)
 74{
 75	/* Belcarra's funky framing has other options; mostly
 76	 * TRAILERS (!) with 4 bytes CRC, and maybe 2 pad bytes.
 77	 */
 78	dev->net->hard_header_len += 6;
 79	dev->rx_urb_size = dev->net->hard_header_len + dev->net->mtu;
 80	return usbnet_generic_cdc_bind(dev, intf);
 81}
 82
 83/* PDA style devices are always connected if present */
 84static int always_connected (struct usbnet *dev)
 85{
 86	return 0;
 87}
 88
 89static const struct driver_info	zaurus_sl5x00_info = {
 90	.description =	"Sharp Zaurus SL-5x00",
 91	.flags =	FLAG_POINTTOPOINT | FLAG_FRAMING_Z,
 92	.check_connect = always_connected,
 93	.bind =		zaurus_bind,
 94	.unbind =	usbnet_cdc_unbind,
 95	.tx_fixup =	zaurus_tx_fixup,
 96};
 97#define	ZAURUS_STRONGARM_INFO	((unsigned long)&zaurus_sl5x00_info)
 98
 99static const struct driver_info	zaurus_pxa_info = {
100	.description =	"Sharp Zaurus, PXA-2xx based",
101	.flags =	FLAG_POINTTOPOINT | FLAG_FRAMING_Z,
102	.check_connect = always_connected,
103	.bind =		zaurus_bind,
104	.unbind =	usbnet_cdc_unbind,
105	.tx_fixup =	zaurus_tx_fixup,
106};
107#define	ZAURUS_PXA_INFO		((unsigned long)&zaurus_pxa_info)
108
109static const struct driver_info	olympus_mxl_info = {
110	.description =	"Olympus R1000",
111	.flags =	FLAG_POINTTOPOINT | FLAG_FRAMING_Z,
112	.check_connect = always_connected,
113	.bind =		zaurus_bind,
114	.unbind =	usbnet_cdc_unbind,
115	.tx_fixup =	zaurus_tx_fixup,
116};
117#define	OLYMPUS_MXL_INFO	((unsigned long)&olympus_mxl_info)
118
119
120/* Some more recent products using Lineo/Belcarra code will wrongly claim
121 * CDC MDLM conformance.  They aren't conformant:  data endpoints live
122 * in the control interface, there's no data interface, and it's not used
123 * to talk to a cell phone radio.  But at least we can detect these two
124 * pseudo-classes, rather than growing this product list with entries for
125 * each new nonconformant product (sigh).
126 */
127static const u8 safe_guid[16] = {
128	0x5d, 0x34, 0xcf, 0x66, 0x11, 0x18, 0x11, 0xd6,
129	0xa2, 0x1a, 0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0xca, 0x9a, 0x7f,
130};
131static const u8 blan_guid[16] = {
132	0x74, 0xf0, 0x3d, 0xbd, 0x1e, 0xc1, 0x44, 0x70,
133	0xa3, 0x67, 0x71, 0x34, 0xc9, 0xf5, 0x54, 0x37,
134};
135
136static int blan_mdlm_bind(struct usbnet *dev, struct usb_interface *intf)
137{
138	u8				*buf = intf->cur_altsetting->extra;
139	int				len = intf->cur_altsetting->extralen;
140	struct usb_cdc_mdlm_desc	*desc = NULL;
141	struct usb_cdc_mdlm_detail_desc	*detail = NULL;
142
143	while (len > 3) {
144		if (buf [1] != USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE)
145			goto next_desc;
146
147		/* use bDescriptorSubType, and just verify that we get a
148		 * "BLAN" (or "SAFE") descriptor.
149		 */
150		switch (buf [2]) {
151		case USB_CDC_MDLM_TYPE:
152			if (desc) {
153				dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "extra MDLM\n");
154				goto bad_desc;
155			}
156			desc = (void *) buf;
157			if (desc->bLength != sizeof *desc) {
158				dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "MDLM len %u\n",
159					desc->bLength);
160				goto bad_desc;
161			}
162			/* expect bcdVersion 1.0, ignore */
163			if (memcmp(&desc->bGUID, blan_guid, 16) &&
164			    memcmp(&desc->bGUID, safe_guid, 16)) {
165				/* hey, this one might _really_ be MDLM! */
166				dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "MDLM guid\n");
167				goto bad_desc;
168			}
169			break;
170		case USB_CDC_MDLM_DETAIL_TYPE:
171			if (detail) {
172				dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "extra MDLM detail\n");
173				goto bad_desc;
174			}
175			detail = (void *) buf;
176			switch (detail->bGuidDescriptorType) {
177			case 0:			/* "SAFE" */
178				if (detail->bLength != (sizeof *detail + 2))
179					goto bad_detail;
180				break;
181			case 1:			/* "BLAN" */
182				if (detail->bLength != (sizeof *detail + 3))
183					goto bad_detail;
184				break;
185			default:
186				goto bad_detail;
187			}
188
189			/* assuming we either noticed BLAN already, or will
190			 * find it soon, there are some data bytes here:
191			 *  - bmNetworkCapabilities (unused)
192			 *  - bmDataCapabilities (bits, see below)
193			 *  - bPad (ignored, for PADAFTER -- BLAN-only)
194			 * bits are:
195			 *  - 0x01 -- Zaurus framing (add CRC)
196			 *  - 0x02 -- PADBEFORE (CRC includes some padding)
197			 *  - 0x04 -- PADAFTER (some padding after CRC)
198			 *  - 0x08 -- "fermat" packet mangling (for hw bugs)
199			 * the PADBEFORE appears not to matter; we interop
200			 * with devices that use it and those that don't.
201			 */
202			if ((detail->bDetailData[1] & ~0x02) != 0x01) {
203				/* bmDataCapabilities == 0 would be fine too,
204				 * but framing is minidriver-coupled for now.
205				 */
206bad_detail:
207				dev_dbg(&intf->dev,
208						"bad MDLM detail, %d %d %d\n",
209						detail->bLength,
210						detail->bDetailData[0],
211						detail->bDetailData[2]);
212				goto bad_desc;
213			}
214
215			/* same extra framing as for non-BLAN mode */
216			dev->net->hard_header_len += 6;
217			dev->rx_urb_size = dev->net->hard_header_len
218					+ dev->net->mtu;
219			break;
220		}
221next_desc:
222		len -= buf [0];	/* bLength */
223		buf += buf [0];
224	}
225
226	if (!desc || !detail) {
227		dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "missing cdc mdlm %s%sdescriptor\n",
228			desc ? "" : "func ",
229			detail ? "" : "detail ");
230		goto bad_desc;
231	}
232
233	/* There's probably a CDC Ethernet descriptor there, but we can't
234	 * rely on the Ethernet address it provides since not all vendors
235	 * bother to make it unique.  Likewise there's no point in tracking
236	 * of the CDC event notifications.
237	 */
238	return usbnet_get_endpoints(dev, intf);
239
240bad_desc:
241	dev_info(&dev->udev->dev, "unsupported MDLM descriptors\n");
242	return -ENODEV;
243}
244
245static const struct driver_info	bogus_mdlm_info = {
246	.description =	"pseudo-MDLM (BLAN) device",
247	.flags =	FLAG_POINTTOPOINT | FLAG_FRAMING_Z,
248	.check_connect = always_connected,
249	.tx_fixup =	zaurus_tx_fixup,
250	.bind =		blan_mdlm_bind,
251};
252
253static const struct usb_device_id	products [] = {
254#define	ZAURUS_MASTER_INTERFACE \
255	.bInterfaceClass	= USB_CLASS_COMM, \
256	.bInterfaceSubClass	= USB_CDC_SUBCLASS_ETHERNET, \
257	.bInterfaceProtocol	= USB_CDC_PROTO_NONE
258
259/* SA-1100 based Sharp Zaurus ("collie"), or compatible. */
260{
261	.match_flags	=   USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO
262			  | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE,
263	.idVendor		= 0x04DD,
264	.idProduct		= 0x8004,
265	ZAURUS_MASTER_INTERFACE,
266	.driver_info = ZAURUS_STRONGARM_INFO,
267},
268
269/* PXA-2xx based models are also lying-about-cdc.  If you add any
270 * more devices that claim to be CDC Ethernet, make sure they get
271 * added to the blacklist in cdc_ether too.
272 *
273 * NOTE:  OpenZaurus versions with 2.6 kernels won't use these entries,
274 * unlike the older ones with 2.4 "embedix" kernels.
275 */
276{
277	.match_flags	=   USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO
278			  | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE,
279	.idVendor		= 0x04DD,
280	.idProduct		= 0x8005,	/* A-300 */
281	ZAURUS_MASTER_INTERFACE,
282	.driver_info = ZAURUS_PXA_INFO,
283}, {
284	.match_flags	=   USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO
285			  | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE,
286	.idVendor		= 0x04DD,
287	.idProduct		= 0x8006,	/* B-500/SL-5600 */
288	ZAURUS_MASTER_INTERFACE,
289	.driver_info = ZAURUS_PXA_INFO,
290}, {
291	.match_flags    =   USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO
292	          | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE,
293	.idVendor		= 0x04DD,
294	.idProduct		= 0x8007,	/* C-700 */
295	ZAURUS_MASTER_INTERFACE,
296	.driver_info = ZAURUS_PXA_INFO,
297}, {
298	.match_flags    =   USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO
299		 | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE,
300	.idVendor               = 0x04DD,
301	.idProduct              = 0x9031,	/* C-750 C-760 */
302	ZAURUS_MASTER_INTERFACE,
303	.driver_info = ZAURUS_PXA_INFO,
304}, {
305	/* C-750/C-760/C-860/SL-C3000 PDA in MDLM mode */
306	USB_DEVICE_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x04DD, 0x9031, USB_CLASS_COMM,
307			USB_CDC_SUBCLASS_MDLM, USB_CDC_PROTO_NONE),
308	.driver_info = (unsigned long) &bogus_mdlm_info,
309}, {
310	.match_flags    =   USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO
311		 | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE,
312	.idVendor               = 0x04DD,
313	.idProduct              = 0x9032,	/* SL-6000 */
314	ZAURUS_MASTER_INTERFACE,
315	.driver_info = ZAURUS_PXA_INFO,
316}, {
317	.match_flags    =   USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO
318		 | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE,
319	.idVendor               = 0x04DD,
320	/* reported with some C860 units */
321	.idProduct              = 0x9050,	/* C-860 */
322	ZAURUS_MASTER_INTERFACE,
323	.driver_info = ZAURUS_PXA_INFO,
324},
325{
326	/* Motorola Rokr E6 */
327	USB_DEVICE_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x22b8, 0x6027, USB_CLASS_COMM,
328			USB_CDC_SUBCLASS_MDLM, USB_CDC_PROTO_NONE),
329	.driver_info = (unsigned long) &bogus_mdlm_info,
330}, {
331	/* Motorola MOTOMAGX phones */
332	USB_DEVICE_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x22b8, 0x6425, USB_CLASS_COMM,
333			USB_CDC_SUBCLASS_MDLM, USB_CDC_PROTO_NONE),
334	.driver_info = (unsigned long) &bogus_mdlm_info,
335},
336
337/* Olympus has some models with a Zaurus-compatible option.
338 * R-1000 uses a FreeScale i.MXL cpu (ARMv4T)
339 */
340{
341	.match_flags    =   USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO
342		 | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE,
343	.idVendor               = 0x07B4,
344	.idProduct              = 0x0F02,	/* R-1000 */
345	ZAURUS_MASTER_INTERFACE,
346	.driver_info = OLYMPUS_MXL_INFO,
347},
348
349/* Logitech Harmony 900 - uses the pseudo-MDLM (BLAN) driver */
350{
351	USB_DEVICE_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(0x046d, 0xc11f, USB_CLASS_COMM,
352			USB_CDC_SUBCLASS_MDLM, USB_CDC_PROTO_NONE),
353	.driver_info = (unsigned long) &bogus_mdlm_info,
354},
355	{ },		// END
356};
357MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, products);
358
359static struct usb_driver zaurus_driver = {
360	.name =		"zaurus",
361	.id_table =	products,
362	.probe =	usbnet_probe,
363	.disconnect =	usbnet_disconnect,
364	.suspend =	usbnet_suspend,
365	.resume =	usbnet_resume,
366	.disable_hub_initiated_lpm = 1,
367};
368
369module_usb_driver(zaurus_driver);
370
371MODULE_AUTHOR("Pavel Machek, David Brownell");
372MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Sharp Zaurus PDA, and compatible products");
373MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");