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/Lib/distutils/file_util.py

http://unladen-swallow.googlecode.com/
Python | 253 lines | 212 code | 22 blank | 19 comment | 29 complexity | c7c8d656de3e8a8eaf7d69414481659b MD5 | raw file
  1"""distutils.file_util
  2
  3Utility functions for operating on single files.
  4"""
  5
  6# This module should be kept compatible with Python 2.1.
  7
  8__revision__ = "$Id: file_util.py 37828 2004-11-10 22:23:15Z loewis $"
  9
 10import os
 11from distutils.errors import DistutilsFileError
 12from distutils import log
 13
 14# for generating verbose output in 'copy_file()'
 15_copy_action = { None:   'copying',
 16                 'hard': 'hard linking',
 17                 'sym':  'symbolically linking' }
 18
 19
 20def _copy_file_contents (src, dst, buffer_size=16*1024):
 21    """Copy the file 'src' to 'dst'; both must be filenames.  Any error
 22    opening either file, reading from 'src', or writing to 'dst', raises
 23    DistutilsFileError.  Data is read/written in chunks of 'buffer_size'
 24    bytes (default 16k).  No attempt is made to handle anything apart from
 25    regular files.
 26    """
 27    # Stolen from shutil module in the standard library, but with
 28    # custom error-handling added.
 29
 30    fsrc = None
 31    fdst = None
 32    try:
 33        try:
 34            fsrc = open(src, 'rb')
 35        except os.error, (errno, errstr):
 36            raise DistutilsFileError, \
 37                  "could not open '%s': %s" % (src, errstr)
 38
 39        if os.path.exists(dst):
 40            try:
 41                os.unlink(dst)
 42            except os.error, (errno, errstr):
 43                raise DistutilsFileError, \
 44                      "could not delete '%s': %s" % (dst, errstr)
 45
 46        try:
 47            fdst = open(dst, 'wb')
 48        except os.error, (errno, errstr):
 49            raise DistutilsFileError, \
 50                  "could not create '%s': %s" % (dst, errstr)
 51
 52        while 1:
 53            try:
 54                buf = fsrc.read(buffer_size)
 55            except os.error, (errno, errstr):
 56                raise DistutilsFileError, \
 57                      "could not read from '%s': %s" % (src, errstr)
 58
 59            if not buf:
 60                break
 61
 62            try:
 63                fdst.write(buf)
 64            except os.error, (errno, errstr):
 65                raise DistutilsFileError, \
 66                      "could not write to '%s': %s" % (dst, errstr)
 67
 68    finally:
 69        if fdst:
 70            fdst.close()
 71        if fsrc:
 72            fsrc.close()
 73
 74# _copy_file_contents()
 75
 76def copy_file (src, dst,
 77               preserve_mode=1,
 78               preserve_times=1,
 79               update=0,
 80               link=None,
 81               verbose=0,
 82               dry_run=0):
 83
 84    """Copy a file 'src' to 'dst'.  If 'dst' is a directory, then 'src' is
 85    copied there with the same name; otherwise, it must be a filename.  (If
 86    the file exists, it will be ruthlessly clobbered.)  If 'preserve_mode'
 87    is true (the default), the file's mode (type and permission bits, or
 88    whatever is analogous on the current platform) is copied.  If
 89    'preserve_times' is true (the default), the last-modified and
 90    last-access times are copied as well.  If 'update' is true, 'src' will
 91    only be copied if 'dst' does not exist, or if 'dst' does exist but is
 92    older than 'src'.
 93
 94    'link' allows you to make hard links (os.link) or symbolic links
 95    (os.symlink) instead of copying: set it to "hard" or "sym"; if it is
 96    None (the default), files are copied.  Don't set 'link' on systems that
 97    don't support it: 'copy_file()' doesn't check if hard or symbolic
 98    linking is available.
 99
100    Under Mac OS, uses the native file copy function in macostools; on
101    other systems, uses '_copy_file_contents()' to copy file contents.
102
103    Return a tuple (dest_name, copied): 'dest_name' is the actual name of
104    the output file, and 'copied' is true if the file was copied (or would
105    have been copied, if 'dry_run' true).
106    """
107    # XXX if the destination file already exists, we clobber it if
108    # copying, but blow up if linking.  Hmmm.  And I don't know what
109    # macostools.copyfile() does.  Should definitely be consistent, and
110    # should probably blow up if destination exists and we would be
111    # changing it (ie. it's not already a hard/soft link to src OR
112    # (not update) and (src newer than dst).
113
114    from distutils.dep_util import newer
115    from stat import ST_ATIME, ST_MTIME, ST_MODE, S_IMODE
116
117    if not os.path.isfile(src):
118        raise DistutilsFileError, \
119              "can't copy '%s': doesn't exist or not a regular file" % src
120
121    if os.path.isdir(dst):
122        dir = dst
123        dst = os.path.join(dst, os.path.basename(src))
124    else:
125        dir = os.path.dirname(dst)
126
127    if update and not newer(src, dst):
128        log.debug("not copying %s (output up-to-date)", src)
129        return dst, 0
130
131    try:
132        action = _copy_action[link]
133    except KeyError:
134        raise ValueError, \
135              "invalid value '%s' for 'link' argument" % link
136    if os.path.basename(dst) == os.path.basename(src):
137        log.info("%s %s -> %s", action, src, dir)
138    else:
139        log.info("%s %s -> %s", action, src, dst)
140
141    if dry_run:
142        return (dst, 1)
143
144    # On Mac OS, use the native file copy routine
145    if os.name == 'mac':
146        import macostools
147        try:
148            macostools.copy(src, dst, 0, preserve_times)
149        except os.error, exc:
150            raise DistutilsFileError, \
151                  "could not copy '%s' to '%s': %s" % (src, dst, exc[-1])
152
153    # If linking (hard or symbolic), use the appropriate system call
154    # (Unix only, of course, but that's the caller's responsibility)
155    elif link == 'hard':
156        if not (os.path.exists(dst) and os.path.samefile(src, dst)):
157            os.link(src, dst)
158    elif link == 'sym':
159        if not (os.path.exists(dst) and os.path.samefile(src, dst)):
160            os.symlink(src, dst)
161
162    # Otherwise (non-Mac, not linking), copy the file contents and
163    # (optionally) copy the times and mode.
164    else:
165        _copy_file_contents(src, dst)
166        if preserve_mode or preserve_times:
167            st = os.stat(src)
168
169            # According to David Ascher <da@ski.org>, utime() should be done
170            # before chmod() (at least under NT).
171            if preserve_times:
172                os.utime(dst, (st[ST_ATIME], st[ST_MTIME]))
173            if preserve_mode:
174                os.chmod(dst, S_IMODE(st[ST_MODE]))
175
176    return (dst, 1)
177
178# copy_file ()
179
180
181# XXX I suspect this is Unix-specific -- need porting help!
182def move_file (src, dst,
183               verbose=0,
184               dry_run=0):
185
186    """Move a file 'src' to 'dst'.  If 'dst' is a directory, the file will
187    be moved into it with the same name; otherwise, 'src' is just renamed
188    to 'dst'.  Return the new full name of the file.
189
190    Handles cross-device moves on Unix using 'copy_file()'.  What about
191    other systems???
192    """
193    from os.path import exists, isfile, isdir, basename, dirname
194    import errno
195
196    log.info("moving %s -> %s", src, dst)
197
198    if dry_run:
199        return dst
200
201    if not isfile(src):
202        raise DistutilsFileError, \
203              "can't move '%s': not a regular file" % src
204
205    if isdir(dst):
206        dst = os.path.join(dst, basename(src))
207    elif exists(dst):
208        raise DistutilsFileError, \
209              "can't move '%s': destination '%s' already exists" % \
210              (src, dst)
211
212    if not isdir(dirname(dst)):
213        raise DistutilsFileError, \
214              "can't move '%s': destination '%s' not a valid path" % \
215              (src, dst)
216
217    copy_it = 0
218    try:
219        os.rename(src, dst)
220    except os.error, (num, msg):
221        if num == errno.EXDEV:
222            copy_it = 1
223        else:
224            raise DistutilsFileError, \
225                  "couldn't move '%s' to '%s': %s" % (src, dst, msg)
226
227    if copy_it:
228        copy_file(src, dst)
229        try:
230            os.unlink(src)
231        except os.error, (num, msg):
232            try:
233                os.unlink(dst)
234            except os.error:
235                pass
236            raise DistutilsFileError, \
237                  ("couldn't move '%s' to '%s' by copy/delete: " +
238                   "delete '%s' failed: %s") % \
239                  (src, dst, src, msg)
240
241    return dst
242
243# move_file ()
244
245
246def write_file (filename, contents):
247    """Create a file with the specified name and write 'contents' (a
248    sequence of strings without line terminators) to it.
249    """
250    f = open(filename, "w")
251    for line in contents:
252        f.write(line + "\n")
253    f.close()