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/Lib/distutils/extension.py

http://unladen-swallow.googlecode.com/
Python | 246 lines | 215 code | 5 blank | 26 comment | 1 complexity | bc5942353c7e60791600f50a2e4a95f6 MD5 | raw file
  1"""distutils.extension
  2
  3Provides the Extension class, used to describe C/C++ extension
  4modules in setup scripts."""
  5
  6__revision__ = "$Id: extension.py 37623 2004-10-14 10:02:08Z anthonybaxter $"
  7
  8import os, string, sys
  9from types import *
 10
 11try:
 12    import warnings
 13except ImportError:
 14    warnings = None
 15
 16# This class is really only used by the "build_ext" command, so it might
 17# make sense to put it in distutils.command.build_ext.  However, that
 18# module is already big enough, and I want to make this class a bit more
 19# complex to simplify some common cases ("foo" module in "foo.c") and do
 20# better error-checking ("foo.c" actually exists).
 21#
 22# Also, putting this in build_ext.py means every setup script would have to
 23# import that large-ish module (indirectly, through distutils.core) in
 24# order to do anything.
 25
 26class Extension:
 27    """Just a collection of attributes that describes an extension
 28    module and everything needed to build it (hopefully in a portable
 29    way, but there are hooks that let you be as unportable as you need).
 30
 31    Instance attributes:
 32      name : string
 33        the full name of the extension, including any packages -- ie.
 34        *not* a filename or pathname, but Python dotted name
 35      sources : [string]
 36        list of source filenames, relative to the distribution root
 37        (where the setup script lives), in Unix form (slash-separated)
 38        for portability.  Source files may be C, C++, SWIG (.i),
 39        platform-specific resource files, or whatever else is recognized
 40        by the "build_ext" command as source for a Python extension.
 41      include_dirs : [string]
 42        list of directories to search for C/C++ header files (in Unix
 43        form for portability)
 44      define_macros : [(name : string, value : string|None)]
 45        list of macros to define; each macro is defined using a 2-tuple,
 46        where 'value' is either the string to define it to or None to
 47        define it without a particular value (equivalent of "#define
 48        FOO" in source or -DFOO on Unix C compiler command line)
 49      undef_macros : [string]
 50        list of macros to undefine explicitly
 51      library_dirs : [string]
 52        list of directories to search for C/C++ libraries at link time
 53      libraries : [string]
 54        list of library names (not filenames or paths) to link against
 55      runtime_library_dirs : [string]
 56        list of directories to search for C/C++ libraries at run time
 57        (for shared extensions, this is when the extension is loaded)
 58      extra_objects : [string]
 59        list of extra files to link with (eg. object files not implied
 60        by 'sources', static library that must be explicitly specified,
 61        binary resource files, etc.)
 62      extra_compile_args : [string]
 63        any extra platform- and compiler-specific information to use
 64        when compiling the source files in 'sources'.  For platforms and
 65        compilers where "command line" makes sense, this is typically a
 66        list of command-line arguments, but for other platforms it could
 67        be anything.
 68      extra_link_args : [string]
 69        any extra platform- and compiler-specific information to use
 70        when linking object files together to create the extension (or
 71        to create a new static Python interpreter).  Similar
 72        interpretation as for 'extra_compile_args'.
 73      export_symbols : [string]
 74        list of symbols to be exported from a shared extension.  Not
 75        used on all platforms, and not generally necessary for Python
 76        extensions, which typically export exactly one symbol: "init" +
 77        extension_name.
 78      swig_opts : [string]
 79        any extra options to pass to SWIG if a source file has the .i
 80        extension.
 81      depends : [string]
 82        list of files that the extension depends on
 83      language : string
 84        extension language (i.e. "c", "c++", "objc"). Will be detected
 85        from the source extensions if not provided.
 86    """
 87
 88    # When adding arguments to this constructor, be sure to update
 89    # setup_keywords in core.py.
 90    def __init__ (self, name, sources,
 91                  include_dirs=None,
 92                  define_macros=None,
 93                  undef_macros=None,
 94                  library_dirs=None,
 95                  libraries=None,
 96                  runtime_library_dirs=None,
 97                  extra_objects=None,
 98                  extra_compile_args=None,
 99                  extra_link_args=None,
100                  export_symbols=None,
101                  swig_opts = None,
102                  depends=None,
103                  language=None,
104                  **kw                      # To catch unknown keywords
105                 ):
106        assert type(name) is StringType, "'name' must be a string"
107        assert (type(sources) is ListType and
108                map(type, sources) == [StringType]*len(sources)), \
109                "'sources' must be a list of strings"
110
111        self.name = name
112        self.sources = sources
113        self.include_dirs = include_dirs or []
114        self.define_macros = define_macros or []
115        self.undef_macros = undef_macros or []
116        self.library_dirs = library_dirs or []
117        self.libraries = libraries or []
118        self.runtime_library_dirs = runtime_library_dirs or []
119        self.extra_objects = extra_objects or []
120        self.extra_compile_args = extra_compile_args or []
121        self.extra_link_args = extra_link_args or []
122        self.export_symbols = export_symbols or []
123        self.swig_opts = swig_opts or []
124        self.depends = depends or []
125        self.language = language
126
127        # If there are unknown keyword options, warn about them
128        if len(kw):
129            L = kw.keys() ; L.sort()
130            L = map(repr, L)
131            msg = "Unknown Extension options: " + string.join(L, ', ')
132            if warnings is not None:
133                warnings.warn(msg)
134            else:
135                sys.stderr.write(msg + '\n')
136# class Extension
137
138
139def read_setup_file (filename):
140    from distutils.sysconfig import \
141         parse_makefile, expand_makefile_vars, _variable_rx
142    from distutils.text_file import TextFile
143    from distutils.util import split_quoted
144
145    # First pass over the file to gather "VAR = VALUE" assignments.
146    vars = parse_makefile(filename)
147
148    # Second pass to gobble up the real content: lines of the form
149    #   <module> ... [<sourcefile> ...] [<cpparg> ...] [<library> ...]
150    file = TextFile(filename,
151                    strip_comments=1, skip_blanks=1, join_lines=1,
152                    lstrip_ws=1, rstrip_ws=1)
153    extensions = []
154
155    while 1:
156        line = file.readline()
157        if line is None:                # eof
158            break
159        if _variable_rx.match(line):    # VAR=VALUE, handled in first pass
160            continue
161
162        if line[0] == line[-1] == "*":
163            file.warn("'%s' lines not handled yet" % line)
164            continue
165
166        #print "original line: " + line
167        line = expand_makefile_vars(line, vars)
168        words = split_quoted(line)
169        #print "expanded line: " + line
170
171        # NB. this parses a slightly different syntax than the old
172        # makesetup script: here, there must be exactly one extension per
173        # line, and it must be the first word of the line.  I have no idea
174        # why the old syntax supported multiple extensions per line, as
175        # they all wind up being the same.
176
177        module = words[0]
178        ext = Extension(module, [])
179        append_next_word = None
180
181        for word in words[1:]:
182            if append_next_word is not None:
183                append_next_word.append(word)
184                append_next_word = None
185                continue
186
187            suffix = os.path.splitext(word)[1]
188            switch = word[0:2] ; value = word[2:]
189
190            if suffix in (".c", ".cc", ".cpp", ".cxx", ".c++", ".m", ".mm"):
191                # hmm, should we do something about C vs. C++ sources?
192                # or leave it up to the CCompiler implementation to
193                # worry about?
194                ext.sources.append(word)
195            elif switch == "-I":
196                ext.include_dirs.append(value)
197            elif switch == "-D":
198                equals = string.find(value, "=")
199                if equals == -1:        # bare "-DFOO" -- no value
200                    ext.define_macros.append((value, None))
201                else:                   # "-DFOO=blah"
202                    ext.define_macros.append((value[0:equals],
203                                              value[equals+2:]))
204            elif switch == "-U":
205                ext.undef_macros.append(value)
206            elif switch == "-C":        # only here 'cause makesetup has it!
207                ext.extra_compile_args.append(word)
208            elif switch == "-l":
209                ext.libraries.append(value)
210            elif switch == "-L":
211                ext.library_dirs.append(value)
212            elif switch == "-R":
213                ext.runtime_library_dirs.append(value)
214            elif word == "-rpath":
215                append_next_word = ext.runtime_library_dirs
216            elif word == "-Xlinker":
217                append_next_word = ext.extra_link_args
218            elif word == "-Xcompiler":
219                append_next_word = ext.extra_compile_args
220            elif switch == "-u":
221                ext.extra_link_args.append(word)
222                if not value:
223                    append_next_word = ext.extra_link_args
224            elif suffix in (".a", ".so", ".sl", ".o", ".dylib"):
225                # NB. a really faithful emulation of makesetup would
226                # append a .o file to extra_objects only if it
227                # had a slash in it; otherwise, it would s/.o/.c/
228                # and append it to sources.  Hmmmm.
229                ext.extra_objects.append(word)
230            else:
231                file.warn("unrecognized argument '%s'" % word)
232
233        extensions.append(ext)
234
235        #print "module:", module
236        #print "source files:", source_files
237        #print "cpp args:", cpp_args
238        #print "lib args:", library_args
239
240        #extensions[module] = { 'sources': source_files,
241        #                       'cpp_args': cpp_args,
242        #                       'lib_args': library_args }
243
244    return extensions
245
246# read_setup_file ()