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/Lib/distutils/archive_util.py

http://unladen-swallow.googlecode.com/
Python | 171 lines | 150 code | 13 blank | 8 comment | 12 complexity | f30da101314f492388d358d0f1e23a4c MD5 | raw file
  1"""distutils.archive_util
  2
  3Utility functions for creating archive files (tarballs, zip files,
  4that sort of thing)."""
  5
  6# This module should be kept compatible with Python 2.1.
  7
  8__revision__ = "$Id: archive_util.py 62904 2008-05-08 22:09:54Z benjamin.peterson $"
  9
 10import os
 11from distutils.errors import DistutilsExecError
 12from distutils.spawn import spawn
 13from distutils.dir_util import mkpath
 14from distutils import log
 15
 16def make_tarball (base_name, base_dir, compress="gzip",
 17                  verbose=0, dry_run=0):
 18    """Create a (possibly compressed) tar file from all the files under
 19    'base_dir'.  'compress' must be "gzip" (the default), "compress",
 20    "bzip2", or None.  Both "tar" and the compression utility named by
 21    'compress' must be on the default program search path, so this is
 22    probably Unix-specific.  The output tar file will be named 'base_dir' +
 23    ".tar", possibly plus the appropriate compression extension (".gz",
 24    ".bz2" or ".Z").  Return the output filename.
 25    """
 26    # XXX GNU tar 1.13 has a nifty option to add a prefix directory.
 27    # It's pretty new, though, so we certainly can't require it --
 28    # but it would be nice to take advantage of it to skip the
 29    # "create a tree of hardlinks" step!  (Would also be nice to
 30    # detect GNU tar to use its 'z' option and save a step.)
 31
 32    compress_ext = { 'gzip': ".gz",
 33                     'bzip2': '.bz2',
 34                     'compress': ".Z" }
 35
 36    # flags for compression program, each element of list will be an argument
 37    compress_flags = {'gzip': ["-f9"],
 38                      'compress': ["-f"],
 39                      'bzip2': ['-f9']}
 40
 41    if compress is not None and compress not in compress_ext.keys():
 42        raise ValueError, \
 43              "bad value for 'compress': must be None, 'gzip', or 'compress'"
 44
 45    archive_name = base_name + ".tar"
 46    mkpath(os.path.dirname(archive_name), dry_run=dry_run)
 47    cmd = ["tar", "-cf", archive_name, base_dir]
 48    spawn(cmd, dry_run=dry_run)
 49
 50    if compress:
 51        spawn([compress] + compress_flags[compress] + [archive_name],
 52              dry_run=dry_run)
 53        return archive_name + compress_ext[compress]
 54    else:
 55        return archive_name
 56
 57# make_tarball ()
 58
 59
 60def make_zipfile (base_name, base_dir, verbose=0, dry_run=0):
 61    """Create a zip file from all the files under 'base_dir'.  The output
 62    zip file will be named 'base_dir' + ".zip".  Uses either the "zipfile"
 63    Python module (if available) or the InfoZIP "zip" utility (if installed
 64    and found on the default search path).  If neither tool is available,
 65    raises DistutilsExecError.  Returns the name of the output zip file.
 66    """
 67    try:
 68        import zipfile
 69    except ImportError:
 70        zipfile = None
 71
 72    zip_filename = base_name + ".zip"
 73    mkpath(os.path.dirname(zip_filename), dry_run=dry_run)
 74
 75    # If zipfile module is not available, try spawning an external
 76    # 'zip' command.
 77    if zipfile is None:
 78        if verbose:
 79            zipoptions = "-r"
 80        else:
 81            zipoptions = "-rq"
 82
 83        try:
 84            spawn(["zip", zipoptions, zip_filename, base_dir],
 85                  dry_run=dry_run)
 86        except DistutilsExecError:
 87            # XXX really should distinguish between "couldn't find
 88            # external 'zip' command" and "zip failed".
 89            raise DistutilsExecError, \
 90                  ("unable to create zip file '%s': "
 91                   "could neither import the 'zipfile' module nor "
 92                   "find a standalone zip utility") % zip_filename
 93
 94    else:
 95        log.info("creating '%s' and adding '%s' to it",
 96                 zip_filename, base_dir)
 97
 98        if not dry_run:
 99            z = zipfile.ZipFile(zip_filename, "w",
100                                compression=zipfile.ZIP_DEFLATED)
101
102            for dirpath, dirnames, filenames in os.walk(base_dir):
103                for name in filenames:
104                    path = os.path.normpath(os.path.join(dirpath, name))
105                    if os.path.isfile(path):
106                        z.write(path, path)
107                        log.info("adding '%s'" % path)
108            z.close()
109
110    return zip_filename
111
112# make_zipfile ()
113
114
115ARCHIVE_FORMATS = {
116    'gztar': (make_tarball, [('compress', 'gzip')], "gzip'ed tar-file"),
117    'bztar': (make_tarball, [('compress', 'bzip2')], "bzip2'ed tar-file"),
118    'ztar':  (make_tarball, [('compress', 'compress')], "compressed tar file"),
119    'tar':   (make_tarball, [('compress', None)], "uncompressed tar file"),
120    'zip':   (make_zipfile, [],"ZIP file")
121    }
122
123def check_archive_formats (formats):
124    for format in formats:
125        if format not in ARCHIVE_FORMATS:
126            return format
127    else:
128        return None
129
130def make_archive (base_name, format,
131                  root_dir=None, base_dir=None,
132                  verbose=0, dry_run=0):
133    """Create an archive file (eg. zip or tar).  'base_name' is the name
134    of the file to create, minus any format-specific extension; 'format'
135    is the archive format: one of "zip", "tar", "ztar", or "gztar".
136    'root_dir' is a directory that will be the root directory of the
137    archive; ie. we typically chdir into 'root_dir' before creating the
138    archive.  'base_dir' is the directory where we start archiving from;
139    ie. 'base_dir' will be the common prefix of all files and
140    directories in the archive.  'root_dir' and 'base_dir' both default
141    to the current directory.  Returns the name of the archive file.
142    """
143    save_cwd = os.getcwd()
144    if root_dir is not None:
145        log.debug("changing into '%s'", root_dir)
146        base_name = os.path.abspath(base_name)
147        if not dry_run:
148            os.chdir(root_dir)
149
150    if base_dir is None:
151        base_dir = os.curdir
152
153    kwargs = { 'dry_run': dry_run }
154
155    try:
156        format_info = ARCHIVE_FORMATS[format]
157    except KeyError:
158        raise ValueError, "unknown archive format '%s'" % format
159
160    func = format_info[0]
161    for (arg,val) in format_info[1]:
162        kwargs[arg] = val
163    filename = apply(func, (base_name, base_dir), kwargs)
164
165    if root_dir is not None:
166        log.debug("changing back to '%s'", save_cwd)
167        os.chdir(save_cwd)
168
169    return filename
170
171# make_archive ()