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/Lib/test/test_getopt.py

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Python | 179 lines | 165 code | 12 blank | 2 comment | 3 complexity | da0ec9915e5207fcd7a4e3fe725a222e MD5 | raw file
  1# test_getopt.py
  2# David Goodger <dgoodger@bigfoot.com> 2000-08-19
  3
  4from test.test_support import verbose, run_doctest, run_unittest
  5import unittest
  6
  7import getopt
  8import os
  9
 10sentinel = object()
 11
 12class GetoptTests(unittest.TestCase):
 13    def setUp(self):
 14        self.old_posixly_correct = os.environ.get("POSIXLY_CORRECT", sentinel)
 15        if self.old_posixly_correct is not sentinel:
 16            del os.environ["POSIXLY_CORRECT"]
 17
 18    def tearDown(self):
 19        if self.old_posixly_correct is sentinel:
 20            os.environ.pop("POSIXLY_CORRECT", None)
 21        else:
 22            os.environ["POSIXLY_CORRECT"] = self.old_posixly_correct
 23
 24    def assertError(self, *args, **kwargs):
 25        self.assertRaises(getopt.GetoptError, *args, **kwargs)
 26
 27    def test_short_has_arg(self):
 28        self.failUnless(getopt.short_has_arg('a', 'a:'))
 29        self.failIf(getopt.short_has_arg('a', 'a'))
 30        self.assertError(getopt.short_has_arg, 'a', 'b')
 31
 32    def test_long_has_args(self):
 33        has_arg, option = getopt.long_has_args('abc', ['abc='])
 34        self.failUnless(has_arg)
 35        self.assertEqual(option, 'abc')
 36
 37        has_arg, option = getopt.long_has_args('abc', ['abc'])
 38        self.failIf(has_arg)
 39        self.assertEqual(option, 'abc')
 40
 41        has_arg, option = getopt.long_has_args('abc', ['abcd'])
 42        self.failIf(has_arg)
 43        self.assertEqual(option, 'abcd')
 44
 45        self.assertError(getopt.long_has_args, 'abc', ['def'])
 46        self.assertError(getopt.long_has_args, 'abc', [])
 47        self.assertError(getopt.long_has_args, 'abc', ['abcd','abcde'])
 48
 49    def test_do_shorts(self):
 50        opts, args = getopt.do_shorts([], 'a', 'a', [])
 51        self.assertEqual(opts, [('-a', '')])
 52        self.assertEqual(args, [])
 53
 54        opts, args = getopt.do_shorts([], 'a1', 'a:', [])
 55        self.assertEqual(opts, [('-a', '1')])
 56        self.assertEqual(args, [])
 57
 58        #opts, args = getopt.do_shorts([], 'a=1', 'a:', [])
 59        #self.assertEqual(opts, [('-a', '1')])
 60        #self.assertEqual(args, [])
 61
 62        opts, args = getopt.do_shorts([], 'a', 'a:', ['1'])
 63        self.assertEqual(opts, [('-a', '1')])
 64        self.assertEqual(args, [])
 65
 66        opts, args = getopt.do_shorts([], 'a', 'a:', ['1', '2'])
 67        self.assertEqual(opts, [('-a', '1')])
 68        self.assertEqual(args, ['2'])
 69
 70        self.assertError(getopt.do_shorts, [], 'a1', 'a', [])
 71        self.assertError(getopt.do_shorts, [], 'a', 'a:', [])
 72
 73    def test_do_longs(self):
 74        opts, args = getopt.do_longs([], 'abc', ['abc'], [])
 75        self.assertEqual(opts, [('--abc', '')])
 76        self.assertEqual(args, [])
 77
 78        opts, args = getopt.do_longs([], 'abc=1', ['abc='], [])
 79        self.assertEqual(opts, [('--abc', '1')])
 80        self.assertEqual(args, [])
 81
 82        opts, args = getopt.do_longs([], 'abc=1', ['abcd='], [])
 83        self.assertEqual(opts, [('--abcd', '1')])
 84        self.assertEqual(args, [])
 85
 86        opts, args = getopt.do_longs([], 'abc', ['ab', 'abc', 'abcd'], [])
 87        self.assertEqual(opts, [('--abc', '')])
 88        self.assertEqual(args, [])
 89
 90        # Much like the preceding, except with a non-alpha character ("-") in
 91        # option name that precedes "="; failed in
 92        # http://python.org/sf/126863
 93        opts, args = getopt.do_longs([], 'foo=42', ['foo-bar', 'foo=',], [])
 94        self.assertEqual(opts, [('--foo', '42')])
 95        self.assertEqual(args, [])
 96
 97        self.assertError(getopt.do_longs, [], 'abc=1', ['abc'], [])
 98        self.assertError(getopt.do_longs, [], 'abc', ['abc='], [])
 99
100    def test_getopt(self):
101        # note: the empty string between '-a' and '--beta' is significant:
102        # it simulates an empty string option argument ('-a ""') on the
103        # command line.
104        cmdline = ['-a', '1', '-b', '--alpha=2', '--beta', '-a', '3', '-a',
105                   '', '--beta', 'arg1', 'arg2']
106
107        opts, args = getopt.getopt(cmdline, 'a:b', ['alpha=', 'beta'])
108        self.assertEqual(opts, [('-a', '1'), ('-b', ''),
109                                ('--alpha', '2'), ('--beta', ''),
110                                ('-a', '3'), ('-a', ''), ('--beta', '')])
111        # Note ambiguity of ('-b', '') and ('-a', '') above. This must be
112        # accounted for in the code that calls getopt().
113        self.assertEqual(args, ['arg1', 'arg2'])
114
115        self.assertError(getopt.getopt, cmdline, 'a:b', ['alpha', 'beta'])
116
117    def test_gnu_getopt(self):
118        # Test handling of GNU style scanning mode.
119        cmdline = ['-a', 'arg1', '-b', '1', '--alpha', '--beta=2']
120
121        # GNU style
122        opts, args = getopt.gnu_getopt(cmdline, 'ab:', ['alpha', 'beta='])
123        self.assertEqual(args, ['arg1'])
124        self.assertEqual(opts, [('-a', ''), ('-b', '1'),
125                                ('--alpha', ''), ('--beta', '2')])
126
127        # Posix style via +
128        opts, args = getopt.gnu_getopt(cmdline, '+ab:', ['alpha', 'beta='])
129        self.assertEqual(opts, [('-a', '')])
130        self.assertEqual(args, ['arg1', '-b', '1', '--alpha', '--beta=2'])
131
132        # Posix style via POSIXLY_CORRECT
133        os.environ["POSIXLY_CORRECT"] = "1"
134        opts, args = getopt.gnu_getopt(cmdline, 'ab:', ['alpha', 'beta='])
135        self.assertEqual(opts, [('-a', '')])
136        self.assertEqual(args, ['arg1', '-b', '1', '--alpha', '--beta=2'])
137
138    def test_libref_examples(self):
139        s = """
140        Examples from the Library Reference:  Doc/lib/libgetopt.tex
141
142        An example using only Unix style options:
143
144
145        >>> import getopt
146        >>> args = '-a -b -cfoo -d bar a1 a2'.split()
147        >>> args
148        ['-a', '-b', '-cfoo', '-d', 'bar', 'a1', 'a2']
149        >>> optlist, args = getopt.getopt(args, 'abc:d:')
150        >>> optlist
151        [('-a', ''), ('-b', ''), ('-c', 'foo'), ('-d', 'bar')]
152        >>> args
153        ['a1', 'a2']
154
155        Using long option names is equally easy:
156
157
158        >>> s = '--condition=foo --testing --output-file abc.def -x a1 a2'
159        >>> args = s.split()
160        >>> args
161        ['--condition=foo', '--testing', '--output-file', 'abc.def', '-x', 'a1', 'a2']
162        >>> optlist, args = getopt.getopt(args, 'x', [
163        ...     'condition=', 'output-file=', 'testing'])
164        >>> optlist
165        [('--condition', 'foo'), ('--testing', ''), ('--output-file', 'abc.def'), ('-x', '')]
166        >>> args
167        ['a1', 'a2']
168        """
169
170        import types
171        m = types.ModuleType("libreftest", s)
172        run_doctest(m, verbose)
173
174
175def test_main():
176    run_unittest(GetoptTests)
177
178if __name__ == "__main__":
179    test_main()