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Relevant Search: With Applications for Solr and Elasticsearch

For more in depth reading about search, ranking and generally everything you could ever want to know about how lucene, elasticsearch or solr work under the hood I highly suggest this book. Easily one of the most interesting technical books I have read in a long time. If you are tasked with solving search relevance problems even if not in Solr or Elasticsearch it should be your first reference. Amazon Affiliate Link
https://bitbucket.org/Naked_Yoshi/sq_kanban
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389          
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425  <div class="section" id="captcha-helper">
426<h1>CAPTCHA Helper<a class="headerlink" href="#captcha-helper" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h1>
427<p>The CAPTCHA Helper file contains functions that assist in creating
428CAPTCHA images.</p>
429<div class="contents local topic" id="contents">
430<ul class="simple">
431<li><a class="reference internal" href="#loading-this-helper" id="id1">Loading this Helper</a></li>
432<li><a class="reference internal" href="#using-the-captcha-helper" id="id2">Using the CAPTCHA helper</a><ul>
433<li><a class="reference internal" href="#adding-a-database" id="id3">Adding a Database</a></li>
434</ul>
435</li>
436<li><a class="reference internal" href="#available-functions" id="id4">Available Functions</a></li>
437</ul>
438</div>
439<div class="custom-index container"></div><div class="section" id="loading-this-helper">
440<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id1">Loading this Helper</a><a class="headerlink" href="#loading-this-helper" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
441<p>This helper is loaded using the following code:</p>
442<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">load</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">helper</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;captcha&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
443</pre></div>
444</div>
445</div>
446<div class="section" id="using-the-captcha-helper">
447<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id2">Using the CAPTCHA helper</a><a class="headerlink" href="#using-the-captcha-helper" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
448<p>Once loaded you can generate a CAPTCHA like this:</p>
449<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nv">$vals</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="k">array</span><span class="p">(</span>
450        <span class="s1">&#39;word&#39;</span>          <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Random word&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
451        <span class="s1">&#39;img_path&#39;</span>      <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="s1">&#39;./captcha/&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
452        <span class="s1">&#39;img_url&#39;</span>       <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="s1">&#39;http://example.com/captcha/&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
453        <span class="s1">&#39;font_path&#39;</span>     <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="s1">&#39;./path/to/fonts/texb.ttf&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
454        <span class="s1">&#39;img_width&#39;</span>     <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="s1">&#39;150&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
455        <span class="s1">&#39;img_height&#39;</span>    <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="mi">30</span><span class="p">,</span>
456        <span class="s1">&#39;expiration&#39;</span>    <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="mi">7200</span><span class="p">,</span>
457        <span class="s1">&#39;word_length&#39;</span>   <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="mi">8</span><span class="p">,</span>
458        <span class="s1">&#39;font_size&#39;</span>     <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="mi">16</span><span class="p">,</span>
459        <span class="s1">&#39;img_id&#39;</span>        <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Imageid&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
460        <span class="s1">&#39;pool&#39;</span>          <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="s1">&#39;0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
461
462        <span class="c1">// White background and border, black text and red grid</span>
463        <span class="s1">&#39;colors&#39;</span>        <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="k">array</span><span class="p">(</span>
464                <span class="s1">&#39;background&#39;</span> <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="k">array</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">255</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="mi">255</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="mi">255</span><span class="p">),</span>
465                <span class="s1">&#39;border&#39;</span> <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="k">array</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">255</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="mi">255</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="mi">255</span><span class="p">),</span>
466                <span class="s1">&#39;text&#39;</span> <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="k">array</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">0</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="mi">0</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="mi">0</span><span class="p">),</span>
467                <span class="s1">&#39;grid&#39;</span> <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="k">array</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">255</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="mi">40</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="mi">40</span><span class="p">)</span>
468        <span class="p">)</span>
469<span class="p">);</span>
470
471<span class="nv">$cap</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="nx">create_captcha</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="nv">$vals</span><span class="p">);</span>
472<span class="k">echo</span> <span class="nv">$cap</span><span class="p">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;image&#39;</span><span class="p">];</span>
473</pre></div>
474</div>
475<ul class="simple">
476<li>The captcha function requires the GD image library.</li>
477<li>Only the <strong>img_path</strong> and <strong>img_url</strong> are required.</li>
478<li>If a <strong>word</strong> is not supplied, the function will generate a random
479ASCII string. You might put together your own word library that you
480can draw randomly from.</li>
481<li>If you do not specify a path to a TRUE TYPE font, the native ugly GD
482font will be used.</li>
483<li>The “captcha” directory must be writable</li>
484<li>The <strong>expiration</strong> (in seconds) signifies how long an image will remain
485in the captcha folder before it will be deleted. The default is two
486hours.</li>
487<li><strong>word_length</strong> defaults to 8, <strong>pool</strong> defaults to ‘0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ’</li>
488<li><strong>font_size</strong> defaults to 16, the native GD font has a size limit. Specify a “true type” font for bigger sizes.</li>
489<li>The <strong>img_id</strong> will be set as the “id” of the captcha image.</li>
490<li>If any of the <strong>colors</strong> values is missing, it will be replaced by the default.</li>
491</ul>
492<div class="section" id="adding-a-database">
493<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id3">Adding a Database</a><a class="headerlink" href="#adding-a-database" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
494<p>In order for the captcha function to prevent someone from submitting,
495you will need to add the information returned from <code class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">create_captcha()</span></code>
496to your database. Then, when the data from the form is submitted by
497the user you will need to verify that the data exists in the database
498and has not expired.</p>
499<p>Here is a table prototype:</p>
500<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nx">CREATE</span> <span class="nx">TABLE</span> <span class="nx">captcha</span> <span class="p">(</span>
501        <span class="nx">captcha_id</span> <span class="nx">bigint</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">13</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="nx">unsigned</span> <span class="k">NOT</span> <span class="k">NULL</span> <span class="nx">auto_increment</span><span class="p">,</span>
502        <span class="nx">captcha_time</span> <span class="nx">int</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">10</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="nx">unsigned</span> <span class="k">NOT</span> <span class="k">NULL</span><span class="p">,</span>
503        <span class="nx">ip_address</span> <span class="nx">varchar</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">45</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="k">NOT</span> <span class="k">NULL</span><span class="p">,</span>
504        <span class="nx">word</span> <span class="nx">varchar</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">20</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="k">NOT</span> <span class="k">NULL</span><span class="p">,</span>
505        <span class="nx">PRIMARY</span> <span class="nx">KEY</span> <span class="sb">`captcha_id`</span> <span class="p">(</span><span class="sb">`captcha_id`</span><span class="p">),</span>
506        <span class="nx">KEY</span> <span class="sb">`word`</span> <span class="p">(</span><span class="sb">`word`</span><span class="p">)</span>
507<span class="p">);</span>
508</pre></div>
509</div>
510<p>Here is an example of usage with a database. On the page where the
511CAPTCHA will be shown you’ll have something like this:</p>
512<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">load</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">helper</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;captcha&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
513<span class="nv">$vals</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="k">array</span><span class="p">(</span>
514        <span class="s1">&#39;img_path&#39;</span>      <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="s1">&#39;./captcha/&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
515        <span class="s1">&#39;img_url&#39;</span>       <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="s1">&#39;http://example.com/captcha/&#39;</span>
516<span class="p">);</span>
517
518<span class="nv">$cap</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="nx">create_captcha</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="nv">$vals</span><span class="p">);</span>
519<span class="nv">$data</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="k">array</span><span class="p">(</span>
520        <span class="s1">&#39;captcha_time&#39;</span>  <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="nv">$cap</span><span class="p">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;time&#39;</span><span class="p">],</span>
521        <span class="s1">&#39;ip_address&#39;</span>    <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">input</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">ip_address</span><span class="p">(),</span>
522        <span class="s1">&#39;word&#39;</span>          <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="nv">$cap</span><span class="p">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;word&#39;</span><span class="p">]</span>
523<span class="p">);</span>
524
525<span class="nv">$query</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">db</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">insert_string</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;captcha&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="nv">$data</span><span class="p">);</span>
526<span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">db</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">query</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="nv">$query</span><span class="p">);</span>
527
528<span class="k">echo</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Submit the word you see below:&#39;</span><span class="p">;</span>
529<span class="k">echo</span> <span class="nv">$cap</span><span class="p">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;image&#39;</span><span class="p">];</span>
530<span class="k">echo</span> <span class="s1">&#39;&lt;input type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;captcha&quot; value=&quot;&quot; /&gt;&#39;</span><span class="p">;</span>
531</pre></div>
532</div>
533<p>Then, on the page that accepts the submission you’ll have something like
534this:</p>
535<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="c1">// First, delete old captchas</span>
536<span class="nv">$expiration</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="nb">time</span><span class="p">()</span> <span class="o">-</span> <span class="mi">7200</span><span class="p">;</span> <span class="c1">// Two hour limit</span>
537<span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">db</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">where</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;captcha_time &lt; &#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="nv">$expiration</span><span class="p">)</span>
538        <span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">delete</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;captcha&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
539
540<span class="c1">// Then see if a captcha exists:</span>
541<span class="nv">$sql</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;SELECT COUNT(*) AS count FROM captcha WHERE word = ? AND ip_address = ? AND captcha_time &gt; ?&#39;</span><span class="p">;</span>
542<span class="nv">$binds</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="k">array</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="nv">$_POST</span><span class="p">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;captcha&#39;</span><span class="p">],</span> <span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">input</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">ip_address</span><span class="p">(),</span> <span class="nv">$expiration</span><span class="p">);</span>
543<span class="nv">$query</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">db</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">query</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="nv">$sql</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="nv">$binds</span><span class="p">);</span>
544<span class="nv">$row</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="nv">$query</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">row</span><span class="p">();</span>
545
546<span class="k">if</span> <span class="p">(</span><span class="nv">$row</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">count</span> <span class="o">==</span> <span class="mi">0</span><span class="p">)</span>
547<span class="p">{</span>
548        <span class="k">echo</span> <span class="s1">&#39;You must submit the word that appears in the image.&#39;</span><span class="p">;</span>
549<span class="p">}</span>
550</pre></div>
551</div>
552</div>
553</div>
554<div class="section" id="available-functions">
555<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id4">Available Functions</a><a class="headerlink" href="#available-functions" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
556<p>The following functions are available:</p>
557<dl class="function">
558<dt id="create_captcha">
559<code class="descname">create_captcha</code><span class="sig-paren">(</span><span class="optional">[</span><em>$data = ''</em><span class="optional">[</span>, <em>$img_path = ''</em><span class="optional">[</span>, <em>$img_url = ''</em><span class="optional">[</span>, <em>$font_path = ''</em><span class="optional">]</span><span class="optional">]</span><span class="optional">]</span><span class="optional">]</span><span class="sig-paren">)</span><a class="headerlink" href="#create_captcha" title="Permalink to this definition"></a></dt>
560<dd><table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
561<col class="field-name" />
562<col class="field-body" />
563<tbody valign="top">
564<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Parameters:</th><td class="field-body"><ul class="first simple">
565<li><strong>$data</strong> (<em>array</em>) – Array of data for the CAPTCHA</li>
566<li><strong>$img_path</strong> (<em>string</em>) – Path to create the image in</li>
567<li><strong>$img_url</strong> (<em>string</em>) – URL to the CAPTCHA image folder</li>
568<li><strong>$font_path</strong> (<em>string</em>) – Server path to font</li>
569</ul>
570</td>
571</tr>
572<tr class="field-even field"><th class="field-name">Returns:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first">array(‘word’ =&gt; $word, ‘time’ =&gt; $now, ‘image’ =&gt; $img)</p>
573</td>
574</tr>
575<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Return type:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first last">array</p>
576</td>
577</tr>
578</tbody>
579</table>
580<p>Takes an array of information to generate the CAPTCHA as input and
581creates the image to your specifications, returning an array of
582associative data about the image.</p>
583<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="k">array</span><span class="p">(</span>
584        <span class="s1">&#39;image&#39;</span> <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="nx">IMAGE</span> <span class="nx">TAG</span>
585        <span class="s1">&#39;time&#39;</span>  <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="nx">TIMESTAMP</span> <span class="p">(</span><span class="nx">in</span> <span class="nb">microtime</span><span class="p">)</span>
586        <span class="s1">&#39;word&#39;</span>  <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="nx">CAPTCHA</span> <span class="nx">WORD</span>
587<span class="p">)</span>
588</pre></div>
589</div>
590<p>The <strong>image</strong> is the actual image tag:</p>
591<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="o">&lt;</span><span class="nx">img</span> <span class="nx">src</span><span class="o">=</span><span class="s2">&quot;http://example.com/captcha/12345.jpg&quot;</span> <span class="nx">width</span><span class="o">=</span><span class="s2">&quot;140&quot;</span> <span class="nx">height</span><span class="o">=</span><span class="s2">&quot;50&quot;</span> <span class="o">/&gt;</span>
592</pre></div>
593</div>
594<p>The <strong>time</strong> is the micro timestamp used as the image name without the
595file extension. It will be a number like this: 1139612155.3422<

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