PageRenderTime 66ms CodeModel.GetById 16ms app.highlight 38ms RepoModel.GetById 1ms app.codeStats 1ms

/user_guide/general/urls.html

Relevant Search: With Applications for Solr and Elasticsearch

For more in depth reading about search, ranking and generally everything you could ever want to know about how lucene, elasticsearch or solr work under the hood I highly suggest this book. Easily one of the most interesting technical books I have read in a long time. If you are tasked with solving search relevance problems even if not in Solr or Elasticsearch it should be your first reference. Amazon Affiliate Link
https://bitbucket.org/bo_hmb/bo_hmb
HTML | 597 lines | 510 code | 86 blank | 1 comment | 0 complexity | 29976704f8301d11a54264a4958f709c MD5 | raw file
  1
  2
  3<!DOCTYPE html>
  4<!--[if IE 8]><html class="no-js lt-ie9" lang="en" > <![endif]-->
  5<!--[if gt IE 8]><!--> <html class="no-js" lang="en" > <!--<![endif]-->
  6<head>
  7  <meta charset="utf-8">
  8  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  9  
 10  <title>CodeIgniter URLs &mdash; CodeIgniter 3.1.8 documentation</title>
 11  
 12
 13  
 14  
 15    <link rel="shortcut icon" href="../_static/ci-icon.ico"/>
 16  
 17
 18  
 19  <link href='https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Lato:400,700,400italic,700italic|Roboto+Slab:400,700|Inconsolata:400,700&subset=latin,cyrillic' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'>
 20
 21  
 22  
 23    
 24
 25  
 26
 27  
 28  
 29    <link rel="stylesheet" href="../_static/css/citheme.css" type="text/css" />
 30  
 31
 32  
 33        <link rel="index" title="Index"
 34              href="../genindex.html"/>
 35        <link rel="search" title="Search" href="../search.html"/>
 36    <link rel="top" title="CodeIgniter 3.1.8 documentation" href="../index.html"/>
 37        <link rel="up" title="General Topics" href="index.html"/>
 38        <link rel="next" title="Controllers" href="controllers.html"/>
 39        <link rel="prev" title="General Topics" href="index.html"/> 
 40
 41  
 42  <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/modernizr/2.6.2/modernizr.min.js"></script>
 43
 44</head>
 45
 46<body class="wy-body-for-nav" role="document">
 47
 48  <div id="nav">
 49  <div id="nav_inner">
 50    
 51    
 52    
 53      <div id="pulldown-menu" class="ciNav">
 54        <ul>
 55<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="welcome.html">Welcome to CodeIgniter</a></li>
 56</ul>
 57<ul>
 58<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../installation/index.html">Installation Instructions</a><ul>
 59<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../installation/downloads.html">Downloading CodeIgniter</a></li>
 60<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../installation/index.html">Installation Instructions</a></li>
 61<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../installation/upgrading.html">Upgrading From a Previous Version</a></li>
 62<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../installation/troubleshooting.html">Troubleshooting</a></li>
 63</ul>
 64</li>
 65</ul>
 66<ul>
 67<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/index.html">CodeIgniter Overview</a><ul>
 68<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/getting_started.html">Getting Started</a></li>
 69<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/at_a_glance.html">CodeIgniter at a Glance</a></li>
 70<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/features.html">Supported Features</a></li>
 71<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/appflow.html">Application Flow Chart</a></li>
 72<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/mvc.html">Model-View-Controller</a></li>
 73<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/goals.html">Architectural Goals</a></li>
 74</ul>
 75</li>
 76</ul>
 77<ul>
 78<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/index.html">Tutorial</a><ul>
 79<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/static_pages.html">Static pages</a></li>
 80<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/news_section.html">News section</a></li>
 81<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/create_news_items.html">Create news items</a></li>
 82<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/conclusion.html">Conclusion</a></li>
 83</ul>
 84</li>
 85</ul>
 86<ul>
 87<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../contributing/index.html">Contributing to CodeIgniter</a><ul>
 88<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../documentation/index.html">Writing CodeIgniter Documentation</a></li>
 89<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../DCO.html">Developer’s Certificate of Origin 1.1</a></li>
 90</ul>
 91</li>
 92</ul>
 93<ul class="current">
 94<li class="toctree-l1 current"><a class="reference internal" href="index.html">General Topics</a><ul class="current">
 95<li class="toctree-l2 current"><a class="current reference internal" href="#">CodeIgniter URLs</a></li>
 96<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="controllers.html">Controllers</a></li>
 97<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="reserved_names.html">Reserved Names</a></li>
 98<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="views.html">Views</a></li>
 99<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="models.html">Models</a></li>
100<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="helpers.html">Helpers</a></li>
101<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="libraries.html">Using CodeIgniter Libraries</a></li>
102<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="creating_libraries.html">Creating Libraries</a></li>
103<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="drivers.html">Using CodeIgniter Drivers</a></li>
104<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="creating_drivers.html">Creating Drivers</a></li>
105<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="core_classes.html">Creating Core System Classes</a></li>
106<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="ancillary_classes.html">Creating Ancillary Classes</a></li>
107<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="hooks.html">Hooks - Extending the Framework Core</a></li>
108<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="autoloader.html">Auto-loading Resources</a></li>
109<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="common_functions.html">Common Functions</a></li>
110<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="compatibility_functions.html">Compatibility Functions</a></li>
111<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="routing.html">URI Routing</a></li>
112<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="errors.html">Error Handling</a></li>
113<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="caching.html">Caching</a></li>
114<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="profiling.html">Profiling Your Application</a></li>
115<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="cli.html">Running via the CLI</a></li>
116<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="managing_apps.html">Managing your Applications</a></li>
117<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="environments.html">Handling Multiple Environments</a></li>
118<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="alternative_php.html">Alternate PHP Syntax for View Files</a></li>
119<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="security.html">Security</a></li>
120<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="styleguide.html">PHP Style Guide</a></li>
121</ul>
122</li>
123</ul>
124<ul>
125<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/index.html">Libraries</a><ul>
126<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/benchmark.html">Benchmarking Class</a></li>
127<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/caching.html">Caching Driver</a></li>
128<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/calendar.html">Calendaring Class</a></li>
129<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/cart.html">Shopping Cart Class</a></li>
130<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/config.html">Config Class</a></li>
131<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/email.html">Email Class</a></li>
132<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/encrypt.html">Encrypt Class</a></li>
133<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/encryption.html">Encryption Library</a></li>
134<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/file_uploading.html">File Uploading Class</a></li>
135<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/form_validation.html">Form Validation</a></li>
136<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/ftp.html">FTP Class</a></li>
137<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/image_lib.html">Image Manipulation Class</a></li>
138<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/input.html">Input Class</a></li>
139<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/javascript.html">Javascript Class</a></li>
140<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/language.html">Language Class</a></li>
141<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/loader.html">Loader Class</a></li>
142<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/migration.html">Migrations Class</a></li>
143<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/output.html">Output Class</a></li>
144<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/pagination.html">Pagination Class</a></li>
145<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/parser.html">Template Parser Class</a></li>
146<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/security.html">Security Class</a></li>
147<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/sessions.html">Session Library</a></li>
148<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/table.html">HTML Table Class</a></li>
149<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/trackback.html">Trackback Class</a></li>
150<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/typography.html">Typography Class</a></li>
151<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/unit_testing.html">Unit Testing Class</a></li>
152<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/uri.html">URI Class</a></li>
153<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/user_agent.html">User Agent Class</a></li>
154<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/xmlrpc.html">XML-RPC and XML-RPC Server Classes</a></li>
155<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/zip.html">Zip Encoding Class</a></li>
156</ul>
157</li>
158</ul>
159<ul>
160<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/index.html">Database Reference</a><ul>
161<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/examples.html">Quick Start: Usage Examples</a></li>
162<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/configuration.html">Database Configuration</a></li>
163<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/connecting.html">Connecting to a Database</a></li>
164<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/queries.html">Running Queries</a></li>
165<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/results.html">Generating Query Results</a></li>
166<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/helpers.html">Query Helper Functions</a></li>
167<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/query_builder.html">Query Builder Class</a></li>
168<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/transactions.html">Transactions</a></li>
169<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/metadata.html">Getting MetaData</a></li>
170<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/call_function.html">Custom Function Calls</a></li>
171<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/caching.html">Query Caching</a></li>
172<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/forge.html">Database Manipulation with Database Forge</a></li>
173<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/utilities.html">Database Utilities Class</a></li>
174<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/db_driver_reference.html">Database Driver Reference</a></li>
175</ul>
176</li>
177</ul>
178<ul>
179<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/index.html">Helpers</a><ul>
180<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/array_helper.html">Array Helper</a></li>
181<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/captcha_helper.html">CAPTCHA Helper</a></li>
182<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/cookie_helper.html">Cookie Helper</a></li>
183<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/date_helper.html">Date Helper</a></li>
184<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/directory_helper.html">Directory Helper</a></li>
185<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/download_helper.html">Download Helper</a></li>
186<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/email_helper.html">Email Helper</a></li>
187<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/file_helper.html">File Helper</a></li>
188<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/form_helper.html">Form Helper</a></li>
189<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/html_helper.html">HTML Helper</a></li>
190<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/inflector_helper.html">Inflector Helper</a></li>
191<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/language_helper.html">Language Helper</a></li>
192<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/number_helper.html">Number Helper</a></li>
193<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/path_helper.html">Path Helper</a></li>
194<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/security_helper.html">Security Helper</a></li>
195<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/smiley_helper.html">Smiley Helper</a></li>
196<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/string_helper.html">String Helper</a></li>
197<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/text_helper.html">Text Helper</a></li>
198<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/typography_helper.html">Typography Helper</a></li>
199<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/url_helper.html">URL Helper</a></li>
200<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/xml_helper.html">XML Helper</a></li>
201</ul>
202</li>
203</ul>
204
205      </div>
206    
207      
208  </div>
209</div>
210<div id="nav2">
211  <a href="#" id="openToc">
212    <img src="data:image/jpeg;base64,/9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAgAAZABkAAD/7AARRHVja3kAAQAEAAAARgAA/+4ADkFkb2JlAGTAAAAAAf/bAIQABAMDAwMDBAMDBAYEAwQGBwUEBAUHCAYGBwYGCAoICQkJCQgKCgwMDAwMCgwMDQ0MDBERERERFBQUFBQUFBQUFAEEBQUIBwgPCgoPFA4ODhQUFBQUFBQUFBQUFBQUFBQUFBQUFBQUFBQUFBQUFBQUFBQUFBQUFBQUFBQUFBQUFBQU/8AAEQgAKwCaAwERAAIRAQMRAf/EAHsAAQAABwEBAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABAwQFBgcIAgkBAQAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAQAAEDAwICBwYEAgsAAAAAAAIBAwQAEQUSBiEHkROTVNQWGDFBUVIUCHEiMtOUFWGBobHRQlMkZIRVEQEAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA/9oADAMBAAIRAxEAPwDSC+ygkOOaUoKigUCgUCgUCgUCgUCgUCgUCgkuGguIP9FBMFb0Hqg7We+3jlmIqqYFf4ub+/QYlnOR/LqIBKGFUbf8qWv971BytQXXE7Y3Lnm3HsFhp2TaZJAdchRXpIgSpdEJWxJEW3xoKV7F5OMy7JkQn2o7D6w33XGjEAkoiqrJEqIiOIiKuhePCgqp22dyYyS3CyWHnQ5joG61HkRnmnTbaFSMhExRVQRRVJU9iUHjE7ez+fJ0MFipmUNhBV8YUd2SoIV9KkjQla9ltegttBdPLW4/qocL+UTfrMiHW4+P9M71shuyrqaHTcxsl7jegpsji8nh5ZwMvDfgTm0RTjSmjYdFCS6KoOIipdFunCgmNYTMv457MMY6U7iI6oMieDDhRm1VbIhuoOkbqtuK0Hpzb+eZcYZexUxt6UyUqK2cd0SdjtgrhOgijcgERUlJOCIl6CpgbP3blRI8XgMjNARAyKNDfeRBdFDBVUAXgQrqH4pxoJTu2NysY97LP4ac1io5q1InHFeGO24LnVKJuKOkSQ/yKir+rh7aCLG1dzypZQI2FnvTgccYOM3FeN0XWERXAUEFVQgQkUktdLpegm+Td3/Xli/L+S/mYNJIOF9G/wBeLKrZHFb0akG6W1WtQWSg3Dyg5e7V3fipE3O4/wCrktyzYA+ufas2LbZIlmnAT2kvuoN1wft95augilglX/tzP3qCu9O3LL/wV/i5v79BvmTADq14UGu91467Z6U9y0HzH/ncj/U/sT/CgynZG7I2NezpZGUjIycJkYkZSG+uQ81pbBNKLxJfjwoMqZ3/ALYHl35AJ7/cuwHcu5k7r1Q5pHetBjquqVVJWGxj9Zrtcl/Ggy3dHMvauR3HFZj5nHNxSyW5JISYDMoIwx8tFIGHZhPNaykGapr6rUAiicEoMG21lMRj8buPAz8xhJrr7uOeiPTCyAwXUaGR1mgozbTusOsFLEiJ7fbQa/h7gcjy2H3V6xppwDNtUSxCJIqp7valBuWVzJ22xuCROXNNZiJkMtms0DbjUkAZjzoDrTMd9dDRI44ZC2YsrYdKWP2WDT2S3N9dNdlRYrGMYc06IURXSYb0igrpWS485xVNS6nF4rwslkoMwnbpgZLB7bmt5uMweAhDEl4B5uSLzzqTnnyVpW2jaJHRMSIjdDiiotvy3DOE5rYTEbkl5yFn28k7JyG4c7AU2HtLH1uKfaiMPI40CdYbpNtmLdwTSn5rewLNld+7TLdeal4WarWBkbVKBjgdElMJJwAAY5fl4kB3b1fp4XvagsGS3FjJfLzDNtS8aeXx7LzT7TyzByQE5PccRGRC0ZRUDRV6y62vbjagzLmJzS2vuPK43JY6aP1TW6Jz+RIWyFtyC06y3EkiiinAo7YCqfq1AqqnGgsOH3lhZO8d1pmcpB8j5XIm9OYlBJSQ/FSS4427DKO0RC8AlcEMhFdViRR1WDWR5t3WXVuL1d106kG9vdeye2g60+1FDyW0shIcXVpyroXt8I8dfd+NB1vioAdWnD3UF1+gD4UFc6CEKpagxXN43rwJLUHz7yX2c8zokt9uHlsPIhA4aRnnHJTLptIS6CNsY7iASpxUUMkReGpfbQW0vtN5pitvrsN28rwtBD0nc0+/Yft5XhaB6TuaXfsP28rwtA9J3NPv2H7eV4Wgek7mn37D9vK8LQPSdzT79h+3leFoHpO5pd+w/byvC0D0nc0u/Yft5XhaB6TuaXfsP28rwtA9J3NLv2H7eV4Wgek7ml37D9vK8LQPSdzS79h+3leFoHpO5p9+w/byvC0E9r7Reazy2HIYVPxkS/CUHVn26cosxyv2g7h89LYmZSXOenvLEQ1YaQ222RATcQCP8rSGqqA8S02W2pQ6FhMoAIlqCtsnwoCpdKClejI4i3Sgtb+GBxVuNBSFt1pV/RQefLjPyUDy4z8lA8uM/JQPLjPyUDy4z8lA8uM/JQPLjPyUDy4z8lA8uM/JQPLjPyUDy4z8lA8utJ/koJ7WCbBU/LQXOPAFq1koK8B0pag90CggtBBf6qB0UDooHRQOigdFA6KB0UDooHRQOigdFA6KB0UDooI0EaBQf//Z" title="Toggle Table of Contents" alt="Toggle Table of Contents" />
213  </a>
214</div>
215
216  <div class="wy-grid-for-nav">
217
218    
219    <nav data-toggle="wy-nav-shift" class="wy-nav-side">
220      <div class="wy-side-nav-search">
221        
222          <a href="../index.html" class="fa fa-home"> CodeIgniter</a>
223        
224        
225<div role="search">
226  <form id="rtd-search-form" class="wy-form" action="../search.html" method="get">
227    <input type="text" name="q" placeholder="Search docs" />
228    <input type="hidden" name="check_keywords" value="yes" />
229    <input type="hidden" name="area" value="default" />
230  </form>
231</div>
232      </div>
233
234      <div class="wy-menu wy-menu-vertical" data-spy="affix" role="navigation" aria-label="main navigation">
235        
236          
237          
238              <ul>
239<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="welcome.html">Welcome to CodeIgniter</a></li>
240</ul>
241<ul>
242<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../installation/index.html">Installation Instructions</a><ul>
243<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../installation/downloads.html">Downloading CodeIgniter</a></li>
244<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../installation/index.html">Installation Instructions</a></li>
245<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../installation/upgrading.html">Upgrading From a Previous Version</a></li>
246<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../installation/troubleshooting.html">Troubleshooting</a></li>
247</ul>
248</li>
249</ul>
250<ul>
251<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/index.html">CodeIgniter Overview</a><ul>
252<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/getting_started.html">Getting Started</a></li>
253<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/at_a_glance.html">CodeIgniter at a Glance</a></li>
254<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/features.html">Supported Features</a></li>
255<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/appflow.html">Application Flow Chart</a></li>
256<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/mvc.html">Model-View-Controller</a></li>
257<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../overview/goals.html">Architectural Goals</a></li>
258</ul>
259</li>
260</ul>
261<ul>
262<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/index.html">Tutorial</a><ul>
263<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/static_pages.html">Static pages</a></li>
264<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/news_section.html">News section</a></li>
265<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/create_news_items.html">Create news items</a></li>
266<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/conclusion.html">Conclusion</a></li>
267</ul>
268</li>
269</ul>
270<ul>
271<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../contributing/index.html">Contributing to CodeIgniter</a><ul>
272<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../documentation/index.html">Writing CodeIgniter Documentation</a></li>
273<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../DCO.html">Developer’s Certificate of Origin 1.1</a></li>
274</ul>
275</li>
276</ul>
277<ul class="current">
278<li class="toctree-l1 current"><a class="reference internal" href="index.html">General Topics</a><ul class="current">
279<li class="toctree-l2 current"><a class="current reference internal" href="#">CodeIgniter URLs</a></li>
280<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="controllers.html">Controllers</a></li>
281<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="reserved_names.html">Reserved Names</a></li>
282<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="views.html">Views</a></li>
283<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="models.html">Models</a></li>
284<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="helpers.html">Helpers</a></li>
285<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="libraries.html">Using CodeIgniter Libraries</a></li>
286<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="creating_libraries.html">Creating Libraries</a></li>
287<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="drivers.html">Using CodeIgniter Drivers</a></li>
288<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="creating_drivers.html">Creating Drivers</a></li>
289<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="core_classes.html">Creating Core System Classes</a></li>
290<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="ancillary_classes.html">Creating Ancillary Classes</a></li>
291<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="hooks.html">Hooks - Extending the Framework Core</a></li>
292<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="autoloader.html">Auto-loading Resources</a></li>
293<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="common_functions.html">Common Functions</a></li>
294<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="compatibility_functions.html">Compatibility Functions</a></li>
295<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="routing.html">URI Routing</a></li>
296<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="errors.html">Error Handling</a></li>
297<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="caching.html">Caching</a></li>
298<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="profiling.html">Profiling Your Application</a></li>
299<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="cli.html">Running via the CLI</a></li>
300<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="managing_apps.html">Managing your Applications</a></li>
301<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="environments.html">Handling Multiple Environments</a></li>
302<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="alternative_php.html">Alternate PHP Syntax for View Files</a></li>
303<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="security.html">Security</a></li>
304<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="styleguide.html">PHP Style Guide</a></li>
305</ul>
306</li>
307</ul>
308<ul>
309<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/index.html">Libraries</a><ul>
310<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/benchmark.html">Benchmarking Class</a></li>
311<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/caching.html">Caching Driver</a></li>
312<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/calendar.html">Calendaring Class</a></li>
313<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/cart.html">Shopping Cart Class</a></li>
314<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/config.html">Config Class</a></li>
315<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/email.html">Email Class</a></li>
316<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/encrypt.html">Encrypt Class</a></li>
317<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/encryption.html">Encryption Library</a></li>
318<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/file_uploading.html">File Uploading Class</a></li>
319<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/form_validation.html">Form Validation</a></li>
320<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/ftp.html">FTP Class</a></li>
321<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/image_lib.html">Image Manipulation Class</a></li>
322<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/input.html">Input Class</a></li>
323<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/javascript.html">Javascript Class</a></li>
324<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/language.html">Language Class</a></li>
325<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/loader.html">Loader Class</a></li>
326<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/migration.html">Migrations Class</a></li>
327<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/output.html">Output Class</a></li>
328<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/pagination.html">Pagination Class</a></li>
329<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/parser.html">Template Parser Class</a></li>
330<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/security.html">Security Class</a></li>
331<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/sessions.html">Session Library</a></li>
332<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/table.html">HTML Table Class</a></li>
333<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/trackback.html">Trackback Class</a></li>
334<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/typography.html">Typography Class</a></li>
335<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/unit_testing.html">Unit Testing Class</a></li>
336<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/uri.html">URI Class</a></li>
337<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/user_agent.html">User Agent Class</a></li>
338<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/xmlrpc.html">XML-RPC and XML-RPC Server Classes</a></li>
339<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/zip.html">Zip Encoding Class</a></li>
340</ul>
341</li>
342</ul>
343<ul>
344<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/index.html">Database Reference</a><ul>
345<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/examples.html">Quick Start: Usage Examples</a></li>
346<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/configuration.html">Database Configuration</a></li>
347<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/connecting.html">Connecting to a Database</a></li>
348<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/queries.html">Running Queries</a></li>
349<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/results.html">Generating Query Results</a></li>
350<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/helpers.html">Query Helper Functions</a></li>
351<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/query_builder.html">Query Builder Class</a></li>
352<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/transactions.html">Transactions</a></li>
353<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/metadata.html">Getting MetaData</a></li>
354<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/call_function.html">Custom Function Calls</a></li>
355<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/caching.html">Query Caching</a></li>
356<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/forge.html">Database Manipulation with Database Forge</a></li>
357<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/utilities.html">Database Utilities Class</a></li>
358<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/db_driver_reference.html">Database Driver Reference</a></li>
359</ul>
360</li>
361</ul>
362<ul>
363<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/index.html">Helpers</a><ul>
364<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/array_helper.html">Array Helper</a></li>
365<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/captcha_helper.html">CAPTCHA Helper</a></li>
366<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/cookie_helper.html">Cookie Helper</a></li>
367<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/date_helper.html">Date Helper</a></li>
368<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/directory_helper.html">Directory Helper</a></li>
369<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/download_helper.html">Download Helper</a></li>
370<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/email_helper.html">Email Helper</a></li>
371<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/file_helper.html">File Helper</a></li>
372<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/form_helper.html">Form Helper</a></li>
373<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/html_helper.html">HTML Helper</a></li>
374<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/inflector_helper.html">Inflector Helper</a></li>
375<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/language_helper.html">Language Helper</a></li>
376<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/number_helper.html">Number Helper</a></li>
377<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/path_helper.html">Path Helper</a></li>
378<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/security_helper.html">Security Helper</a></li>
379<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/smiley_helper.html">Smiley Helper</a></li>
380<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/string_helper.html">String Helper</a></li>
381<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/text_helper.html">Text Helper</a></li>
382<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/typography_helper.html">Typography Helper</a></li>
383<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/url_helper.html">URL Helper</a></li>
384<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/xml_helper.html">XML Helper</a></li>
385</ul>
386</li>
387</ul>
388
389          
390        
391      </div>
392      &nbsp;
393    </nav>
394
395    <section data-toggle="wy-nav-shift" class="wy-nav-content-wrap">
396
397      
398      <nav class="wy-nav-top" role="navigation" aria-label="top navigation">
399        <i data-toggle="wy-nav-top" class="fa fa-bars"></i>
400        <a href="../index.html">CodeIgniter</a>
401      </nav>
402
403
404      
405      <div class="wy-nav-content">
406        <div class="rst-content">
407          <div role="navigation" aria-label="breadcrumbs navigation">
408  <ul class="wy-breadcrumbs">
409    <li><a href="../index.html">Docs</a> &raquo;</li>
410      
411        <li><a href="index.html">General Topics</a> &raquo;</li>
412      
413    <li>CodeIgniter URLs</li>
414    <li class="wy-breadcrumbs-aside">
415      
416    </li>
417    <div style="float:right;margin-left:5px;" id="closeMe">
418      <img title="Classic Layout" alt="classic layout" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhFAAUAJEAAAAAADMzM////wAAACH5BAUUAAIALAAAAAAUABQAAAImlI+py+0PU5gRBRDM3DxbWoXis42X13USOLauUIqnlsaH/eY6UwAAOw==" />
419    </div>
420  </ul>
421  <hr/>
422</div>
423          <div role="main" class="document">
424            
425  <div class="section" id="codeigniter-urls">
426<h1>CodeIgniter URLs<a class="headerlink" href="#codeigniter-urls" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h1>
427<p>By default, URLs in CodeIgniter are designed to be search-engine and
428human friendly. Rather than using the standard “query string” approach
429to URLs that is synonymous with dynamic systems, CodeIgniter uses a
430<strong>segment-based</strong> approach:</p>
431<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nx">example</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="nx">com</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">news</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">article</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">my_article</span>
432</pre></div>
433</div>
434<div class="admonition note">
435<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
436<p class="last">Query string URLs can be optionally enabled, as described
437below.</p>
438</div>
439<div class="section" id="uri-segments">
440<h2>URI Segments<a class="headerlink" href="#uri-segments" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
441<p>The segments in the URL, in following with the Model-View-Controller
442approach, usually represent:</p>
443<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nx">example</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="nx">com</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">class</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">function</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">ID</span>
444</pre></div>
445</div>
446<ol class="arabic simple">
447<li>The first segment represents the controller <strong>class</strong> that should be
448invoked.</li>
449<li>The second segment represents the class <strong>function</strong>, or method, that
450should be called.</li>
451<li>The third, and any additional segments, represent the ID and any
452variables that will be passed to the controller.</li>
453</ol>
454<p>The <a class="reference internal" href="../libraries/uri.html"><span class="doc">URI Library</span></a> and the <a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/url_helper.html"><span class="doc">URL Helper</span></a> contain functions that make it easy to work
455with your URI data. In addition, your URLs can be remapped using the
456<a class="reference internal" href="routing.html"><span class="doc">URI Routing</span></a> feature for more flexibility.</p>
457</div>
458<div class="section" id="removing-the-index-php-file">
459<h2>Removing the index.php file<a class="headerlink" href="#removing-the-index-php-file" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
460<p>By default, the <strong>index.php</strong> file will be included in your URLs:</p>
461<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nx">example</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="nx">com</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">index</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="nx">php</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">news</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">article</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">my_article</span>
462</pre></div>
463</div>
464<p>If your Apache server has <em>mod_rewrite</em> enabled, you can easily remove this
465file by using a .htaccess file with some simple rules. Here is an example
466of such a file, using the “negative” method in which everything is redirected
467except the specified items:</p>
468<div class="highlight-apache"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nb">RewriteEngine</span> <span class="k">On</span>
469<span class="nb">RewriteCond</span> %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
470<span class="nb">RewriteCond</span> %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
471<span class="nb">RewriteRule</span> ^(.*)$ index.php/$1 [L]
472</pre></div>
473</div>
474<p>In the above example, any HTTP request other than those for existing
475directories and existing files is treated as a request for your index.php file.</p>
476<div class="admonition note">
477<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
478<p class="last">These specific rules might not work for all server configurations.</p>
479</div>
480<div class="admonition note">
481<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
482<p class="last">Make sure to also exclude from the above rule any assets that you
483might need to be accessible from the outside world.</p>
484</div>
485</div>
486<div class="section" id="adding-a-url-suffix">
487<h2>Adding a URL Suffix<a class="headerlink" href="#adding-a-url-suffix" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
488<p>In your <strong>config/config.php</strong> file you can specify a suffix that will be
489added to all URLs generated by CodeIgniter. For example, if a URL is
490this:</p>
491<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nx">example</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="nx">com</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">index</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="nx">php</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">products</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">view</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">shoes</span>
492</pre></div>
493</div>
494<p>You can optionally add a suffix, like <strong>.html,</strong> making the page appear to
495be of a certain type:</p>
496<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nx">example</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="nx">com</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">index</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="nx">php</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">products</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">view</span><span class="o">/</span><span class="nx">shoes</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="nx">html</span>
497</pre></div>
498</div>
499</div>
500<div class="section" id="enabling-query-strings">
501<h2>Enabling Query Strings<a class="headerlink" href="#enabling-query-strings" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
502<p>In some cases you might prefer to use query strings URLs:</p>
503<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nx">index</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="nx">php</span><span class="o">?</span><span class="nx">c</span><span class="o">=</span><span class="nx">products</span><span class="o">&amp;</span><span class="nx">m</span><span class="o">=</span><span class="nx">view</span><span class="o">&amp;</span><span class="nx">id</span><span class="o">=</span><span class="mi">345</span>
504</pre></div>
505</div>
506<p>CodeIgniter optionally supports this capability, which can be enabled in
507your <strong>application/config.php</strong> file. If you open your config file you’ll
508see these items:</p>
509<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nv">$config</span><span class="p">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;enable_query_strings&#39;</span><span class="p">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="k">FALSE</span><span class="p">;</span>
510<span class="nv">$config</span><span class="p">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;controller_trigger&#39;</span><span class="p">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;c&#39;</span><span class="p">;</span>
511<span class="nv">$config</span><span class="p">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;function_trigger&#39;</span><span class="p">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;m&#39;</span><span class="p">;</span>
512</pre></div>
513</div>
514<p>If you change “enable_query_strings” to TRUE this feature will become
515active. Your controllers and functions will then be accessible using the
516“trigger” words you’ve set to invoke your controllers and methods:</p>
517<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nx">index</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="nx">php</span><span class="o">?</span><span class="nx">c</span><span class="o">=</span><span class="nx">controller</span><span class="o">&amp;</span><span class="nx">m</span><span class="o">=</span><span class="nx">method</span>
518</pre></div>
519</div>
520<div class="admonition note">
521<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
522<p class="last">If you are using query strings you will have to build your own
523URLs, rather than utilizing the URL helpers (and other helpers
524that generate URLs, like some of the form helpers) as these are
525designed to work with segment based URLs.</p>
526</div>
527</div>
528</div>
529
530
531          </div>
532          <footer>
533  
534    <div class="rst-footer-buttons" role="navigation" aria-label="footer navigation">
535      
536        <a href="controllers.html" class="btn btn-neutral float-right" title="Controllers">Next <span class="fa fa-arrow-circle-right"></span></a>
537      
538      
539        <a href="index.html" class="btn btn-neutral" title="General Topics"><span class="fa fa-arrow-circle-left"></span> Previous</a>
540      
541    </div>
542  
543
544  <hr/>
545
546  <div role="contentinfo">
547    <p>
548        &copy; Copyright 2014 - 2018, British Columbia Institute of Technology.
549      Last updated on Mar 22, 2018.
550    </p>
551  </div>
552
553  Built with <a href="http://sphinx-doc.org/">Sphinx</a> using a <a href="https://github.com/snide/sphinx_rtd_theme">theme</a> provided by <a href="https://readthedocs.org">Read the Docs</a>.
554  
555</footer>
556        </div>
557      </div>
558
559    </section>
560
561  </div>
562  
563
564
565  
566
567    <script type="text/javascript">
568        var DOCUMENTATION_OPTIONS = {
569            URL_ROOT:'../',
570            VERSION:'3.1.8',
571            COLLAPSE_INDEX:false,
572            FILE_SUFFIX:'.html',
573            HAS_SOURCE:  false
574        };
575    </script>
576      <script type="text/javascript" src="../_static/jquery.js"></script>
577      <script type="text/javascript" src="../_static/underscore.js"></script>
578      <script type="text/javascript" src="../_static/doctools.js"></script>
579
580  
581
582  
583  
584    <script type="text/javascript" src="../_static/js/theme.js"></script>
585  
586
587  
588  
589  <script type="text/javascript">
590      jQuery(function () {
591          SphinxRtdTheme.StickyNav.enable();
592      });
593  </script>
594   
595
596</body>
597</html>