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Relevant Search: With Applications for Solr and Elasticsearch

For more in depth reading about search, ranking and generally everything you could ever want to know about how lucene, elasticsearch or solr work under the hood I highly suggest this book. Easily one of the most interesting technical books I have read in a long time. If you are tasked with solving search relevance problems even if not in Solr or Elasticsearch it should be your first reference. Amazon Affiliate Link
https://bitbucket.org/bo_hmb/bo_hmb
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262<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/index.html">Tutorial</a><ul>
263<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/static_pages.html">Static pages</a></li>
264<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/news_section.html">News section</a></li>
265<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/create_news_items.html">Create news items</a></li>
266<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../tutorial/conclusion.html">Conclusion</a></li>
267</ul>
268</li>
269</ul>
270<ul>
271<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../contributing/index.html">Contributing to CodeIgniter</a><ul>
272<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../documentation/index.html">Writing CodeIgniter Documentation</a></li>
273<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../DCO.html">Developer’s Certificate of Origin 1.1</a></li>
274</ul>
275</li>
276</ul>
277<ul>
278<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/index.html">General Topics</a><ul>
279<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/urls.html">CodeIgniter URLs</a></li>
280<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/controllers.html">Controllers</a></li>
281<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/reserved_names.html">Reserved Names</a></li>
282<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/views.html">Views</a></li>
283<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/models.html">Models</a></li>
284<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/helpers.html">Helpers</a></li>
285<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/libraries.html">Using CodeIgniter Libraries</a></li>
286<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/creating_libraries.html">Creating Libraries</a></li>
287<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/drivers.html">Using CodeIgniter Drivers</a></li>
288<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/creating_drivers.html">Creating Drivers</a></li>
289<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/core_classes.html">Creating Core System Classes</a></li>
290<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/ancillary_classes.html">Creating Ancillary Classes</a></li>
291<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/hooks.html">Hooks - Extending the Framework Core</a></li>
292<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/autoloader.html">Auto-loading Resources</a></li>
293<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/common_functions.html">Common Functions</a></li>
294<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/compatibility_functions.html">Compatibility Functions</a></li>
295<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/routing.html">URI Routing</a></li>
296<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/errors.html">Error Handling</a></li>
297<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/caching.html">Caching</a></li>
298<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/profiling.html">Profiling Your Application</a></li>
299<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/cli.html">Running via the CLI</a></li>
300<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/managing_apps.html">Managing your Applications</a></li>
301<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/environments.html">Handling Multiple Environments</a></li>
302<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/alternative_php.html">Alternate PHP Syntax for View Files</a></li>
303<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/security.html">Security</a></li>
304<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../general/styleguide.html">PHP Style Guide</a></li>
305</ul>
306</li>
307</ul>
308<ul class="current">
309<li class="toctree-l1 current"><a class="reference internal" href="index.html">Libraries</a><ul class="current">
310<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="benchmark.html">Benchmarking Class</a></li>
311<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="caching.html">Caching Driver</a></li>
312<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="calendar.html">Calendaring Class</a></li>
313<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="cart.html">Shopping Cart Class</a></li>
314<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="config.html">Config Class</a></li>
315<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="email.html">Email Class</a></li>
316<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="encrypt.html">Encrypt Class</a></li>
317<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="encryption.html">Encryption Library</a></li>
318<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="file_uploading.html">File Uploading Class</a></li>
319<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="form_validation.html">Form Validation</a></li>
320<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="ftp.html">FTP Class</a></li>
321<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="image_lib.html">Image Manipulation Class</a></li>
322<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="input.html">Input Class</a></li>
323<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="javascript.html">Javascript Class</a></li>
324<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="language.html">Language Class</a></li>
325<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="loader.html">Loader Class</a></li>
326<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="migration.html">Migrations Class</a></li>
327<li class="toctree-l2 current"><a class="current reference internal" href="#">Output Class</a></li>
328<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="pagination.html">Pagination Class</a></li>
329<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="parser.html">Template Parser Class</a></li>
330<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="security.html">Security Class</a></li>
331<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="sessions.html">Session Library</a></li>
332<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="table.html">HTML Table Class</a></li>
333<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="trackback.html">Trackback Class</a></li>
334<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="typography.html">Typography Class</a></li>
335<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="unit_testing.html">Unit Testing Class</a></li>
336<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="uri.html">URI Class</a></li>
337<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="user_agent.html">User Agent Class</a></li>
338<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="xmlrpc.html">XML-RPC and XML-RPC Server Classes</a></li>
339<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="zip.html">Zip Encoding Class</a></li>
340</ul>
341</li>
342</ul>
343<ul>
344<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/index.html">Database Reference</a><ul>
345<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/examples.html">Quick Start: Usage Examples</a></li>
346<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/configuration.html">Database Configuration</a></li>
347<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/connecting.html">Connecting to a Database</a></li>
348<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/queries.html">Running Queries</a></li>
349<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/results.html">Generating Query Results</a></li>
350<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/helpers.html">Query Helper Functions</a></li>
351<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/query_builder.html">Query Builder Class</a></li>
352<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/transactions.html">Transactions</a></li>
353<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/metadata.html">Getting MetaData</a></li>
354<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/call_function.html">Custom Function Calls</a></li>
355<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/caching.html">Query Caching</a></li>
356<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/forge.html">Database Manipulation with Database Forge</a></li>
357<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/utilities.html">Database Utilities Class</a></li>
358<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../database/db_driver_reference.html">Database Driver Reference</a></li>
359</ul>
360</li>
361</ul>
362<ul>
363<li class="toctree-l1"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/index.html">Helpers</a><ul>
364<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/array_helper.html">Array Helper</a></li>
365<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/captcha_helper.html">CAPTCHA Helper</a></li>
366<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/cookie_helper.html">Cookie Helper</a></li>
367<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/date_helper.html">Date Helper</a></li>
368<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/directory_helper.html">Directory Helper</a></li>
369<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/download_helper.html">Download Helper</a></li>
370<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/email_helper.html">Email Helper</a></li>
371<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/file_helper.html">File Helper</a></li>
372<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/form_helper.html">Form Helper</a></li>
373<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/html_helper.html">HTML Helper</a></li>
374<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/inflector_helper.html">Inflector Helper</a></li>
375<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/language_helper.html">Language Helper</a></li>
376<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/number_helper.html">Number Helper</a></li>
377<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/path_helper.html">Path Helper</a></li>
378<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/security_helper.html">Security Helper</a></li>
379<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/smiley_helper.html">Smiley Helper</a></li>
380<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/string_helper.html">String Helper</a></li>
381<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/text_helper.html">Text Helper</a></li>
382<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/typography_helper.html">Typography Helper</a></li>
383<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/url_helper.html">URL Helper</a></li>
384<li class="toctree-l2"><a class="reference internal" href="../helpers/xml_helper.html">XML Helper</a></li>
385</ul>
386</li>
387</ul>
388
389          
390        
391      </div>
392      &nbsp;
393    </nav>
394
395    <section data-toggle="wy-nav-shift" class="wy-nav-content-wrap">
396
397      
398      <nav class="wy-nav-top" role="navigation" aria-label="top navigation">
399        <i data-toggle="wy-nav-top" class="fa fa-bars"></i>
400        <a href="../index.html">CodeIgniter</a>
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409    <li><a href="../index.html">Docs</a> &raquo;</li>
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413    <li>Output Class</li>
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418      <img title="Classic Layout" alt="classic layout" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhFAAUAJEAAAAAADMzM////wAAACH5BAUUAAIALAAAAAAUABQAAAImlI+py+0PU5gRBRDM3DxbWoXis42X13USOLauUIqnlsaH/eY6UwAAOw==" />
419    </div>
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421  <hr/>
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423          <div role="main" class="document">
424            
425  <div class="section" id="output-class">
426<h1>Output Class<a class="headerlink" href="#output-class" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h1>
427<p>The Output class is a core class with one main function: To send the
428finalized web page to the requesting browser. It is also responsible for
429<a class="reference internal" href="../general/caching.html"><span class="doc">caching</span></a> your web pages, if you use that
430feature.</p>
431<div class="admonition note">
432<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
433<p class="last">This class is initialized automatically by the system so there
434is no need to do it manually.</p>
435</div>
436<p>Under normal circumstances you won’t even notice the Output class since
437it works transparently without your intervention. For example, when you
438use the <a class="reference internal" href="loader.html"><span class="doc">Loader</span></a> class to load a view file,
439it’s automatically passed to the Output class, which will be called
440automatically by CodeIgniter at the end of system execution. It is
441possible, however, for you to manually intervene with the output if you
442need to.</p>
443<div class="contents local topic" id="contents">
444<ul class="simple">
445<li><a class="reference internal" href="#class-reference" id="id1">Class Reference</a></li>
446</ul>
447</div>
448<div class="custom-index container"></div><div class="section" id="class-reference">
449<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id1">Class Reference</a><a class="headerlink" href="#class-reference" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
450<dl class="class">
451<dt id="CI_Output">
452<em class="property">class </em><code class="descname">CI_Output</code><a class="headerlink" href="#CI_Output" title="Permalink to this definition"></a></dt>
453<dd><dl class="attribute">
454<dt>
455<code class="descname">$parse_exec_vars = TRUE;</code></dt>
456<dd><p>Enables/disables parsing of the {elapsed_time} and {memory_usage} pseudo-variables.</p>
457<p>CodeIgniter will parse those tokens in your output by default. To disable this, set
458this property to FALSE in your controller.</p>
459<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">parse_exec_vars</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="k">FALSE</span><span class="p">;</span>
460</pre></div>
461</div>
462</dd></dl>
463
464<dl class="method">
465<dt id="CI_Output::set_output">
466<code class="descname">set_output</code><span class="sig-paren">(</span><em>$output</em><span class="sig-paren">)</span><a class="headerlink" href="#CI_Output::set_output" title="Permalink to this definition"></a></dt>
467<dd><table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
468<col class="field-name" />
469<col class="field-body" />
470<tbody valign="top">
471<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Parameters:</th><td class="field-body"><ul class="first simple">
472<li><strong>$output</strong> (<em>string</em>) – String to set the output to</li>
473</ul>
474</td>
475</tr>
476<tr class="field-even field"><th class="field-name">Returns:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first">CI_Output instance (method chaining)</p>
477</td>
478</tr>
479<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Return type:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first last">CI_Output</p>
480</td>
481</tr>
482</tbody>
483</table>
484<p>Permits you to manually set the final output string. Usage example:</p>
485<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">set_output</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="nv">$data</span><span class="p">);</span>
486</pre></div>
487</div>
488<div class="admonition important">
489<p class="first admonition-title">Important</p>
490<p class="last">If you do set your output manually, it must be the last thing done
491in the function you call it from. For example, if you build a page in one
492of your controller methods, don’t set the output until the end.</p>
493</div>
494</dd></dl>
495
496<dl class="method">
497<dt id="CI_Output::set_content_type">
498<code class="descname">set_content_type</code><span class="sig-paren">(</span><em>$mime_type</em><span class="optional">[</span>, <em>$charset = NULL</em><span class="optional">]</span><span class="sig-paren">)</span><a class="headerlink" href="#CI_Output::set_content_type" title="Permalink to this definition"></a></dt>
499<dd><table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
500<col class="field-name" />
501<col class="field-body" />
502<tbody valign="top">
503<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Parameters:</th><td class="field-body"><ul class="first simple">
504<li><strong>$mime_type</strong> (<em>string</em>) – MIME Type idenitifer string</li>
505<li><strong>$charset</strong> (<em>string</em>) – Character set</li>
506</ul>
507</td>
508</tr>
509<tr class="field-even field"><th class="field-name">Returns:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first">CI_Output instance (method chaining)</p>
510</td>
511</tr>
512<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Return type:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first last">CI_Output</p>
513</td>
514</tr>
515</tbody>
516</table>
517<p>Permits you to set the mime-type of your page so you can serve JSON data, JPEG’s, XML, etc easily.</p>
518<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span>
519        <span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">set_content_type</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;application/json&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span>
520        <span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">set_output</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="nb">json_encode</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="k">array</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;foo&#39;</span> <span class="o">=&gt;</span> <span class="s1">&#39;bar&#39;</span><span class="p">)));</span>
521
522<span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span>
523        <span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">set_content_type</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;jpeg&#39;</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="c1">// You could also use &quot;.jpeg&quot; which will have the full stop removed before looking in config/mimes.php</span>
524        <span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">set_output</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="nb">file_get_contents</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;files/something.jpg&#39;</span><span class="p">));</span>
525</pre></div>
526</div>
527<div class="admonition important">
528<p class="first admonition-title">Important</p>
529<p class="last">Make sure any non-mime string you pass to this method
530exists in <em>application/config/mimes.php</em> or it will have no effect.</p>
531</div>
532<p>You can also set the character set of the document, by passing a second argument:</p>
533<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">set_content_type</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;css&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s1">&#39;utf-8&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
534</pre></div>
535</div>
536</dd></dl>
537
538<dl class="method">
539<dt id="CI_Output::get_content_type">
540<code class="descname">get_content_type</code><span class="sig-paren">(</span><span class="sig-paren">)</span><a class="headerlink" href="#CI_Output::get_content_type" title="Permalink to this definition"></a></dt>
541<dd><table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
542<col class="field-name" />
543<col class="field-body" />
544<tbody valign="top">
545<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Returns:</th><td class="field-body">Content-Type string</td>
546</tr>
547<tr class="field-even field"><th class="field-name">Return type:</th><td class="field-body">string</td>
548</tr>
549</tbody>
550</table>
551<p>Returns the Content-Type HTTP header that’s currently in use, excluding the character set value.</p>
552<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nv">$mime</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">get_content_type</span><span class="p">();</span>
553</pre></div>
554</div>
555<div class="admonition note">
556<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
557<p class="last">If not set, the default return value is ‘text/html’.</p>
558</div>
559</dd></dl>
560
561<dl class="method">
562<dt id="CI_Output::get_header">
563<code class="descname">get_header</code><span class="sig-paren">(</span><em>$header</em><span class="sig-paren">)</span><a class="headerlink" href="#CI_Output::get_header" title="Permalink to this definition"></a></dt>
564<dd><table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
565<col class="field-name" />
566<col class="field-body" />
567<tbody valign="top">
568<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Parameters:</th><td class="field-body"><ul class="first simple">
569<li><strong>$header</strong> (<em>string</em>) – HTTP header name</li>
570</ul>
571</td>
572</tr>
573<tr class="field-even field"><th class="field-name">Returns:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first">HTTP response header or NULL if not found</p>
574</td>
575</tr>
576<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Return type:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first last">mixed</p>
577</td>
578</tr>
579</tbody>
580</table>
581<p>Returns the requested HTTP header value, or NULL if the requested header is not set.
582Example:</p>
583<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">set_content_type</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;text/plain&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s1">&#39;UTF-8&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
584<span class="k">echo</span> <span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">get_header</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;content-type&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
585<span class="c1">// Outputs: text/plain; charset=utf-8</span>
586</pre></div>
587</div>
588<div class="admonition note">
589<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
590<p class="last">The header name is compared in a case-insensitive manner.</p>
591</div>
592<div class="admonition note">
593<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
594<p class="last">Raw headers sent via PHP’s native <code class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">header()</span></code> function are also detected.</p>
595</div>
596</dd></dl>
597
598<dl class="method">
599<dt id="CI_Output::get_output">
600<code class="descname">get_output</code><span class="sig-paren">(</span><span class="sig-paren">)</span><a class="headerlink" href="#CI_Output::get_output" title="Permalink to this definition"></a></dt>
601<dd><table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
602<col class="field-name" />
603<col class="field-body" />
604<tbody valign="top">
605<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Returns:</th><td class="field-body">Output string</td>
606</tr>
607<tr class="field-even field"><th class="field-name">Return type:</th><td class="field-body">string</td>
608</tr>
609</tbody>
610</table>
611<p>Permits you to manually retrieve any output that has been sent for
612storage in the output class. Usage example:</p>
613<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nv">$string</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">get_output</span><span class="p">();</span>
614</pre></div>
615</div>
616<p>Note that data will only be retrievable from this function if it has
617been previously sent to the output class by one of the CodeIgniter
618functions like <code class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">$this-&gt;load-&gt;view()</span></code>.</p>
619</dd></dl>
620
621<dl class="method">
622<dt id="CI_Output::append_output">
623<code class="descname">append_output</code><span class="sig-paren">(</span><em>$output</em><span class="sig-paren">)</span><a class="headerlink" href="#CI_Output::append_output" title="Permalink to this definition"></a></dt>
624<dd><table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
625<col class="field-name" />
626<col class="field-body" />
627<tbody valign="top">
628<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Parameters:</th><td class="field-body"><ul class="first simple">
629<li><strong>$output</strong> (<em>string</em>) – Additional output data to append</li>
630</ul>
631</td>
632</tr>
633<tr class="field-even field"><th class="field-name">Returns:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first">CI_Output instance (method chaining)</p>
634</td>
635</tr>
636<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Return type:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first last">CI_Output</p>
637</td>
638</tr>
639</tbody>
640</table>
641<p>Appends data onto the output string.</p>
642<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">append_output</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="nv">$data</span><span class="p">);</span>
643</pre></div>
644</div>
645</dd></dl>
646
647<dl class="method">
648<dt id="CI_Output::set_header">
649<code class="descname">set_header</code><span class="sig-paren">(</span><em>$header</em><span class="optional">[</span>, <em>$replace = TRUE</em><span class="optional">]</span><span class="sig-paren">)</span><a class="headerlink" href="#CI_Output::set_header" title="Permalink to this definition"></a></dt>
650<dd><table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
651<col class="field-name" />
652<col class="field-body" />
653<tbody valign="top">
654<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Parameters:</th><td class="field-body"><ul class="first simple">
655<li><strong>$header</strong> (<em>string</em>) – HTTP response header</li>
656<li><strong>$replace</strong> (<em>bool</em>) – Whether to replace the old header value, if it is already set</li>
657</ul>
658</td>
659</tr>
660<tr class="field-even field"><th class="field-name">Returns:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first">CI_Output instance (method chaining)</p>
661</td>
662</tr>
663<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Return type:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first last">CI_Output</p>
664</td>
665</tr>
666</tbody>
667</table>
668<p>Permits you to manually set server headers, which the output class will
669send for you when outputting the final rendered display. Example:</p>
670<div class="highlight-ci"><div class="highlight"><pre><span></span><span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">set_header</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;HTTP/1.0 200 OK&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
671<span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">set_header</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;HTTP/1.1 200 OK&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
672<span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">set_header</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;Last-Modified: &#39;</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="nb">gmdate</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;D, d M Y H:i:s&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="nv">$last_update</span><span class="p">)</span><span class="o">.</span><span class="s1">&#39; GMT&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
673<span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">set_header</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;Cache-Control: no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
674<span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">set_header</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;Cache-Control: post-check=0, pre-check=0&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
675<span class="nv">$this</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">output</span><span class="o">-&gt;</span><span class="na">set_header</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;Pragma: no-cache&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
676</pre></div>
677</div>
678</dd></dl>
679
680<dl class="method">
681<dt id="CI_Output::set_status_header">
682<code class="descname">set_status_header</code><span class="sig-paren">(</span><span class="optional">[</span><em>$code = 200</em><span class="optional">[</span>, <em>$text = ''</em><span class="optional">]</span><span class="optional">]</span><span class="sig-paren">)</span><a class="headerlink" href="#CI_Output::set_status_header" title="Permalink to this definition"></a></dt>
683<dd><table class="docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
684<col class="field-name" />
685<col class="field-body" />
686<tbody valign="top">
687<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="field-name">Parameters:</th><td class="field-body"><ul class="first simple">
688<li><strong>$code</strong> (<em>int</em>) – HTTP status code</li>
689<li><strong>$text</strong> (<em>string</em>) – Optional message</li>
690</ul>
691</td>
692</tr>
693<tr class="field-even field"><th class="field-name">Returns:</th><td class="field-body"><p class="first">CI_Output instance (method chaining)</p>
694</td>
695</tr>
696<tr class="field-odd field"><th class="…

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