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/gecko_sdk/idl/nsIURI.idl

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IDL | 232 lines | 26 code | 24 blank | 182 comment | 0 complexity | cf328274535f7b7b2219c33a5844bdba MD5 | raw file
  1/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*- */
  2/* ***** BEGIN LICENSE BLOCK *****
  3 * Version: MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1
  4 *
  5 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License Version
  6 * 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
  7 * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
  8 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
  9 *
 10 * Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" basis,
 11 * WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License
 12 * for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the
 13 * License.
 14 *
 15 * The Original Code is mozilla.org code.
 16 *
 17 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is
 18 * Netscape Communications Corporation.
 19 * Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 1998
 20 * the Initial Developer. All Rights Reserved.
 21 *
 22 * Contributor(s):
 23 *   Gagan Saksena <gagan@netscape.com> (original author)
 24 *   Darin Fisher <darin@netscape.com>
 25 *
 26 * Alternatively, the contents of this file may be used under the terms of
 27 * either the GNU General Public License Version 2 or later (the "GPL"), or
 28 * the GNU Lesser General Public License Version 2.1 or later (the "LGPL"),
 29 * in which case the provisions of the GPL or the LGPL are applicable instead
 30 * of those above. If you wish to allow use of your version of this file only
 31 * under the terms of either the GPL or the LGPL, and not to allow others to
 32 * use your version of this file under the terms of the MPL, indicate your
 33 * decision by deleting the provisions above and replace them with the notice
 34 * and other provisions required by the GPL or the LGPL. If you do not delete
 35 * the provisions above, a recipient may use your version of this file under
 36 * the terms of any one of the MPL, the GPL or the LGPL.
 37 *
 38 * ***** END LICENSE BLOCK ***** */
 39
 40#include "nsISupports.idl"
 41
 42/**
 43 * URIs are essentially structured names for things -- anything. This interface
 44 * provides accessors to set and query the most basic components of an URI.
 45 * Subclasses, including nsIURL, impose greater structure on the URI.
 46 *
 47 * This interface follows Tim Berners-Lee's URI spec (RFC2396) [1], where the
 48 * basic URI components are defined as such:
 49 * <pre> 
 50 *      ftp://username:password@hostname:portnumber/pathname
 51 *      \ /   \               / \      / \        /\       /
 52 *       -     ---------------   ------   --------  -------
 53 *       |            |             |        |         |
 54 *       |            |             |        |        Path
 55 *       |            |             |       Port         
 56 *       |            |            Host      /
 57 *       |         UserPass                 /
 58 *     Scheme                              /
 59 *       \                                /
 60 *        --------------------------------
 61 *                       |
 62 *                    PrePath
 63 * </pre>
 64 * The definition of the URI components has been extended to allow for
 65 * internationalized domain names [2] and the more generic IRI structure [3].
 66 *
 67 * [1] http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2396.txt
 68 * [2] http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-idn-idna-06.txt
 69 * [3] http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-masinter-url-i18n-08.txt
 70 */
 71
 72%{C++
 73#undef GetPort  // XXX Windows!
 74#undef SetPort  // XXX Windows!
 75%}
 76
 77/**
 78 * nsIURI - interface for an uniform resource identifier w/ i18n support.
 79 *
 80 * AUTF8String attributes may contain unescaped UTF-8 characters.
 81 * Consumers should be careful to escape the UTF-8 strings as necessary, but
 82 * should always try to "display" the UTF-8 version as provided by this
 83 * interface.
 84 *
 85 * AUTF8String attributes may also contain escaped characters.
 86 * 
 87 * Unescaping URI segments is unadvised unless there is intimate
 88 * knowledge of the underlying charset or there is no plan to display (or
 89 * otherwise enforce a charset on) the resulting URI substring.
 90 * 
 91 * @status FROZEN
 92 */
 93[scriptable, uuid(07a22cc0-0ce5-11d3-9331-00104ba0fd40)]
 94interface nsIURI : nsISupports
 95{
 96    /************************************************************************
 97     * The URI is broken down into the following principal components:
 98     */
 99
100    /**
101     * Returns a string representation of the URI. Setting the spec causes
102     * the new spec to be parsed, initializing the URI.
103     *
104     * Some characters may be escaped.
105     */
106    attribute AUTF8String spec;
107
108    /**
109     * The prePath (eg. scheme://user:password@host:port) returns the string
110     * before the path.  This is useful for authentication or managing sessions.
111     *
112     * Some characters may be escaped.
113     */
114    readonly attribute AUTF8String prePath;
115
116    /**
117     * The Scheme is the protocol to which this URI refers.  The scheme is
118     * restricted to the US-ASCII charset per RFC2396.
119     */
120    attribute ACString scheme;
121
122    /**
123     * The username:password (or username only if value doesn't contain a ':')
124     *
125     * Some characters may be escaped.
126     */
127    attribute AUTF8String userPass;
128
129    /**
130     * The optional username and password, assuming the preHost consists of
131     * username:password.
132     *
133     * Some characters may be escaped.
134     */
135    attribute AUTF8String username;
136    attribute AUTF8String password;
137
138    /**
139     * The host:port (or simply the host, if port == -1).
140     *
141     * Characters are NOT escaped.
142     */
143    attribute AUTF8String hostPort;
144
145    /**
146     * The host is the internet domain name to which this URI refers.  It could
147     * be an IPv4 (or IPv6) address literal.  If supported, it could be a
148     * non-ASCII internationalized domain name.
149     *
150     * Characters are NOT escaped.
151     */
152    attribute AUTF8String host;
153
154    /**
155     * A port value of -1 corresponds to the protocol's default port (eg. -1
156     * implies port 80 for http URIs).
157     */
158    attribute long port;
159
160    /**
161     * The path, typically including at least a leading '/' (but may also be
162     * empty, depending on the protocol).
163     *
164     * Some characters may be escaped.
165     */
166    attribute AUTF8String path;
167
168
169    /************************************************************************
170     * An URI supports the following methods:
171     */
172
173    /**
174     * URI equivalence test (not a strict string comparison).
175     *
176     * eg. http://foo.com:80/ == http://foo.com/
177     */
178    boolean equals(in nsIURI other);
179
180    /**
181     * An optimization to do scheme checks without requiring the users of nsIURI
182     * to GetScheme, thereby saving extra allocating and freeing. Returns true if
183     * the schemes match (case ignored).
184     */
185    boolean schemeIs(in string scheme);
186
187    /**
188     * Clones the current URI.  For some protocols, this is more than just an
189     * optimization.  For example, under MacOS, the spec of a file URL does not
190     * necessarily uniquely identify a file since two volumes could share the
191     * same name.
192     */
193    nsIURI clone();
194
195    /**
196     * This method resolves a relative string into an absolute URI string,
197     * using this URI as the base. 
198     *
199     * NOTE: some implementations may have no concept of a relative URI.
200     */
201    AUTF8String resolve(in AUTF8String relativePath);
202
203
204    /************************************************************************
205     * Additional attributes:
206     */
207
208    /**
209     * The URI spec with an ASCII compatible encoding.  Host portion follows
210     * the IDNA draft spec.  Other parts are URL-escaped per the rules of
211     * RFC2396.  The result is strictly ASCII.
212     */
213    readonly attribute ACString asciiSpec;
214
215    /**
216     * The URI host with an ASCII compatible encoding.  Follows the IDNA
217     * draft spec for converting internationalized domain names (UTF-8) to
218     * ASCII for compatibility with existing internet infrasture.
219     */
220    readonly attribute ACString asciiHost;
221
222    /**
223     * The charset of the document from which this URI originated.  An empty
224     * value implies UTF-8.
225     *
226     * If this value is something other than UTF-8 then the URI components
227     * (e.g., spec, prePath, username, etc.) will all be fully URL-escaped.
228     * Otherwise, the URI components may contain unescaped multibyte UTF-8
229     * characters.
230     */
231    readonly attribute ACString originCharset;
232};