phc /htdocs/wp-includes/rewrite.php

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<?php
/**
 * WordPress Rewrite API
 *
 * @package WordPress
 * @subpackage Rewrite
 */

/**
 * Add a straight rewrite rule.
 *
 * @see WP_Rewrite::add_rule() for long description.
 * @since 2.1.0
 *
 * @param string $regex Regular Expression to match request against.
 * @param string $redirect Page to redirect to.
 * @param string $after Optional, default is 'bottom'. Where to add rule, can also be 'top'.
 */
function add_rewrite_rule($regex, $redirect, $after = 'bottom') {
	global $wp_rewrite;
	$wp_rewrite->add_rule($regex, $redirect, $after);
}

/**
 * Add a new rewrite tag (like %postname%).
 *
 * The $query parameter is optional. If it is omitted you must ensure that
 * you call this on, or before, the 'init' hook. This is because $query defaults
 * to "$tag=", and for this to work a new query var has to be added.
 *
 * @see WP_Rewrite::add_rewrite_tag()
 * @since 2.1.0
 *
 * @param string $tag Name of the new rewrite tag.
 * @param string $regex Regular expression to substitute the tag for in rewrite rules.
 * @param string $query String to append to the rewritten query. Must end in '='. Optional.
 */
function add_rewrite_tag( $tag, $regex, $query = '' ) {
	// validate the tag's name
	if ( strlen( $tag ) < 3 || $tag[0] != '%' || $tag[ strlen($tag) - 1 ] != '%' )
		return;

	global $wp_rewrite, $wp;

	if ( empty( $query ) ) {
		$qv = trim( $tag, '%' );
		$wp->add_query_var( $qv );
		$query = $qv . '=';
	}

	$wp_rewrite->add_rewrite_tag( $tag, $regex, $query );
}

/**
 * Add permalink structure.
 *
 * @see WP_Rewrite::add_permastruct()
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param string $name Name for permalink structure.
 * @param string $struct Permalink structure.
 * @param array $args Optional configuration for building the rules from the permalink structure,
 *     see {@link WP_Rewrite::add_permastruct()} for full details.
 */
function add_permastruct( $name, $struct, $args = array() ) {
	global $wp_rewrite;

	// backwards compatibility for the old parameters: $with_front and $ep_mask
	if ( ! is_array( $args ) )
		$args = array( 'with_front' => $args );
	if ( func_num_args() == 4 )
		$args['ep_mask'] = func_get_arg( 3 );

	return $wp_rewrite->add_permastruct( $name, $struct, $args );
}

/**
 * Add a new feed type like /atom1/.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 *
 * @param string $feedname
 * @param callback $function Callback to run on feed display.
 * @return string Feed action name.
 */
function add_feed($feedname, $function) {
	global $wp_rewrite;
	if ( ! in_array($feedname, $wp_rewrite->feeds) ) //override the file if it is
		$wp_rewrite->feeds[] = $feedname;
	$hook = 'do_feed_' . $feedname;
	// Remove default function hook
	remove_action($hook, $hook, 10, 1);
	add_action($hook, $function, 10, 1);
	return $hook;
}

/**
 * Remove rewrite rules and then recreate rewrite rules.
 *
 * @see WP_Rewrite::flush_rules()
 * @since 3.0.0
 *
 * @param bool $hard Whether to update .htaccess (hard flush) or just update
 * 	rewrite_rules transient (soft flush). Default is true (hard).
 */
function flush_rewrite_rules( $hard = true ) {
	global $wp_rewrite;
	$wp_rewrite->flush_rules( $hard );
}

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for default, which is nothing.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_NONE', 0);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for Permalink.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_PERMALINK', 1);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for Attachment.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_ATTACHMENT', 2);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for date.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_DATE', 4);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for year
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_YEAR', 8);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for month.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_MONTH', 16);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for day.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_DAY', 32);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for root.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_ROOT', 64);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for comments.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_COMMENTS', 128);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for searches.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_SEARCH', 256);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for categories.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_CATEGORIES', 512);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for tags.
 *
 * @since 2.3.0
 */
define('EP_TAGS', 1024);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for authors.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_AUTHORS', 2048);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for pages.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_PAGES', 4096);

/**
 * Endpoint Mask for everything.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 */
define('EP_ALL', 8191);

/**
 * Add an endpoint, like /trackback/.
 *
 * Adding an endpoint creates extra rewrite rules for each of the matching
 * places specified by the provided bitmask. For example:
 *
 * <code>
 * add_rewrite_endpoint( 'json', EP_PERMALINK | EP_PAGES );
 * </code>
 *
 * will add a new rewrite rule ending with "json(/(.*))?/?$" for every permastruct
 * that describes a permalink (post) or page. This is rewritten to "json=$match"
 * where $match is the part of the URL matched by the endpoint regex (e.g. "foo" in
 * "<permalink>/json/foo/").
 *
 * A new query var with the same name as the endpoint will also be created.
 *
 * When specifying $places ensure that you are using the EP_* constants (or a
 * combination of them using the bitwise OR operator) as their values are not
 * guaranteed to remain static (especially EP_ALL).
 *
 * Be sure to flush the rewrite rules - flush_rewrite_rules() - when your plugin gets
 * activated and deactivated.
 *
 * @since 2.1.0
 * @see WP_Rewrite::add_endpoint()
 * @global object $wp_rewrite
 *
 * @param string $name Name of the endpoint.
 * @param int $places Endpoint mask describing the places the endpoint should be added.
 */
function add_rewrite_endpoint( $name, $places ) {
	global $wp_rewrite;
	$wp_rewrite->add_endpoint( $name, $places );
}

/**
 * Filter the URL base for taxonomies.
 *
 * To remove any manually prepended /index.php/.
 *
 * @access private
 * @since 2.6.0
 *
 * @param string $base The taxonomy base that we're going to filter
 * @return string
 */
function _wp_filter_taxonomy_base( $base ) {
	if ( !empty( $base ) ) {
		$base = preg_replace( '|^/index\.php/|', '', $base );
		$base = trim( $base, '/' );
	}
	return $base;
}

/**
 * Examine a url and try to determine the post ID it represents.
 *
 * Checks are supposedly from the hosted site blog.
 *
 * @since 1.0.0
 *
 * @param string $url Permalink to check.
 * @return int Post ID, or 0 on failure.
 */
function url_to_postid($url) {
	global $wp_rewrite;

	$url = apply_filters('url_to_postid', $url);

	// First, check to see if there is a 'p=N' or 'page_id=N' to match against
	if ( preg_match('#[?&](p|page_id|attachment_id)=(\d+)#', $url, $values) )	{
		$id = absint($values[2]);
		if ( $id )
			return $id;
	}

	// Check to see if we are using rewrite rules
	$rewrite = $wp_rewrite->wp_rewrite_rules();

	// Not using rewrite rules, and 'p=N' and 'page_id=N' methods failed, so we're out of options
	if ( empty($rewrite) )
		return 0;

	// Get rid of the #anchor
	$url_split = explode('#', $url);
	$url = $url_split[0];

	// Get rid of URL ?query=string
	$url_split = explode('?', $url);
	$url = $url_split[0];

	// Add 'www.' if it is absent and should be there
	if ( false !== strpos(home_url(), '://www.') && false === strpos($url, '://www.') )
		$url = str_replace('://', '://www.', $url);

	// Strip 'www.' if it is present and shouldn't be
	if ( false === strpos(home_url(), '://www.') )
		$url = str_replace('://www.', '://', $url);

	// Strip 'index.php/' if we're not using path info permalinks
	if ( !$wp_rewrite->using_index_permalinks() )
		$url = str_replace('index.php/', '', $url);

	if ( false !== strpos($url, home_url()) ) {
		// Chop off http://domain.com
		$url = str_replace(home_url(), '', $url);
	} else {
		// Chop off /path/to/blog
		$home_path = parse_url(home_url());
		$home_path = isset( $home_path['path'] ) ? $home_path['path'] : '' ;
		$url = str_replace($home_path, '', $url);
	}

	// Trim leading and lagging slashes
	$url = trim($url, '/');

	$request = $url;

	// Look for matches.
	$request_match = $request;
	foreach ( (array)$rewrite as $match => $query) {

		// If the requesting file is the anchor of the match, prepend it
		// to the path info.
		if ( !empty($url) && ($url != $request) && (strpos($match, $url) === 0) )
			$request_match = $url . '/' . $request;

		if ( preg_match("!^$match!", $request_match, $matches) ) {

			if ( $wp_rewrite->use_verbose_page_rules && preg_match( '/pagename=\$matches\[([0-9]+)\]/', $query, $varmatch ) ) {
				// this is a verbose page match, lets check to be sure about it
				if ( ! get_page_by_path( $matches[ $varmatch[1] ] ) )
					continue;
			}

			// Got a match.
			// Trim the query of everything up to the '?'.
			$query = preg_replace("!^.+\?!", '', $query);

			// Substitute the substring matches into the query.
			$query = addslashes(WP_MatchesMapRegex::apply($query, $matches));

			// Filter out non-public query vars
			global $wp;
			parse_str($query, $query_vars);
			$query = array();
			foreach ( (array) $query_vars as $key => $value ) {
				if ( in_array($key, $wp->public_query_vars) )
					$query[$key] = $value;
			}

			// Do the query
			$query = new WP_Query($query);
			if ( !empty($query->posts) && $query->is_singular )
				return $query->post->ID;
			else
				return 0;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

/**
 * WordPress Rewrite Component.
 *
 * The WordPress Rewrite class writes the rewrite module rules to the .htaccess
 * file. It also handles parsing the request to get the correct setup for the
 * WordPress Query class.
 *
 * The Rewrite along with WP class function as a front controller for WordPress.
 * You can add rules to trigger your page view and processing using this
 * component. The full functionality of a front controller does not exist,
 * meaning you can't define how the template files load based on the rewrite
 * rules.
 *
 * @since 1.5.0
 */
class WP_Rewrite {
	/**
	 * Permalink structure for posts.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $permalink_structure;

	/**
	 * Whether to add trailing slashes.
	 *
	 * @since 2.2.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var bool
	 */
	var $use_trailing_slashes;

	/**
	 * Base for the author permalink structure (example.com/$author_base/authorname).
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $author_base = 'author';

	/**
	 * Permalink structure for author archives.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $author_structure;

	/**
	 * Permalink structure for date archives.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $date_structure;

	/**
	 * Permalink structure for pages.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $page_structure;

	/**
	 * Base of the search permalink structure (example.com/$search_base/query).
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $search_base = 'search';

	/**
	 * Permalink structure for searches.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $search_structure;

	/**
	 * Comments permalink base.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $comments_base = 'comments';

	/**
	 * Pagination permalink base.
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $pagination_base = 'page';

	/**
	 * Feed permalink base.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $feed_base = 'feed';

	/**
	 * Comments feed permalink structure.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $comments_feed_structure;

	/**
	 * Feed request permalink structure.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $feed_structure;

	/**
	 * The static portion of the post permalink structure.
	 *
	 * If the permalink structure is "/archive/%post_id%" then the front
	 * is "/archive/". If the permalink structure is "/%year%/%postname%/"
	 * then the front is "/".
	 *
	 * @see WP_Rewrite::init()
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $front;

	/**
	 * The prefix for all permalink structures.
	 *
	 * If PATHINFO/index permalinks are in use then the root is the value of
	 * {@link WP_Rewrite::$index} with a trailing slash appended. Otherwise
	 * the root will be empty.
	 *
	 * @see WP_Rewrite::init()
	 * @see WP_Rewrite::using_index_permalinks()
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $root = '';

	/**
	 * The name of the index file which is the entry point to all requests.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $index = 'index.php';

	/**
	 * Variable name to use for regex matches in the rewritten query.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var string
	 */
	var $matches = '';

	/**
	 * Rewrite rules to match against the request to find the redirect or query.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $rules;

	/**
	 * Additional rules added external to the rewrite class.
	 *
	 * Those not generated by the class, see add_rewrite_rule().
	 *
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $extra_rules = array();

	/**
	 * Additional rules that belong at the beginning to match first.
	 *
	 * Those not generated by the class, see add_rewrite_rule().
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $extra_rules_top = array();

	/**
	 * Rules that don't redirect to WordPress' index.php.
	 *
	 * These rules are written to the mod_rewrite portion of the .htaccess,
	 * and are added by {@link add_external_rule()}.
	 *
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $non_wp_rules = array();

	/**
	 * Extra permalink structures, e.g. categories, added by {@link add_permastruct()}.
	 *
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $extra_permastructs = array();

	/**
	 * Endpoints (like /trackback/) added by {@link add_rewrite_endpoint()}.
	 *
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $endpoints;

	/**
	 * Whether to write every mod_rewrite rule for WordPress into the .htaccess file.
	 *
	 * This is off by default, turning it on might print a lot of rewrite rules
	 * to the .htaccess file.
	 *
	 * @see WP_Rewrite::mod_rewrite_rules()
	 * @since 2.0.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var bool
	 */
	var $use_verbose_rules = false;

	/**
	 * Could post permalinks be confused with those of pages?
	 *
	 * If the first rewrite tag in the post permalink structure is one that could
	 * also match a page name (e.g. %postname% or %author%) then this flag is
	 * set to true. Prior to WordPress 3.3 this flag indicated that every page
	 * would have a set of rules added to the top of the rewrite rules array.
	 * Now it tells {@link WP::parse_request()} to check if a URL matching the
	 * page permastruct is actually a page before accepting it.
	 *
	 * @link http://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/16687
	 * @see WP_Rewrite::init()
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var bool
	 */
	var $use_verbose_page_rules = true;

	/**
	 * Rewrite tags that can be used in permalink structures.
	 *
	 * These are translated into the regular expressions stored in
	 * {@link WP_Rewrite::$rewritereplace} and are rewritten to the
	 * query variables listed in {@link WP_Rewrite::$queryreplace}.
	 *
	 * Additional tags can be added with {@link add_rewrite_tag()}.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $rewritecode = array(
		'%year%',
		'%monthnum%',
		'%day%',
		'%hour%',
		'%minute%',
		'%second%',
		'%postname%',
		'%post_id%',
		'%author%',
		'%pagename%',
		'%search%'
	);

	/**
	 * Regular expressions to be substituted into rewrite rules in place
	 * of rewrite tags, see {@link WP_Rewrite::$rewritecode}.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $rewritereplace = array(
		'([0-9]{4})',
		'([0-9]{1,2})',
		'([0-9]{1,2})',
		'([0-9]{1,2})',
		'([0-9]{1,2})',
		'([0-9]{1,2})',
		'([^/]+)',
		'([0-9]+)',
		'([^/]+)',
		'([^/]+?)',
		'(.+)'
	);

	/**
	 * Query variables that rewrite tags map to, see {@link WP_Rewrite::$rewritecode}.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $queryreplace = array(
		'year=',
		'monthnum=',
		'day=',
		'hour=',
		'minute=',
		'second=',
		'name=',
		'p=',
		'author_name=',
		'pagename=',
		's='
	);

	/**
	 * Supported default feeds.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $feeds = array( 'feed', 'rdf', 'rss', 'rss2', 'atom' );

	/**
	 * Whether permalinks are being used.
	 *
	 * This can be either rewrite module or permalink in the HTTP query string.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return bool True, if permalinks are enabled.
	 */
	function using_permalinks() {
		return ! empty($this->permalink_structure);
	}

	/**
	 * Whether permalinks are being used and rewrite module is not enabled.
	 *
	 * Means that permalink links are enabled and index.php is in the URL.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return bool
	 */
	function using_index_permalinks() {
		if ( empty($this->permalink_structure) )
			return false;

		// If the index is not in the permalink, we're using mod_rewrite.
		if ( preg_match('#^/*' . $this->index . '#', $this->permalink_structure) )
			return true;

		return false;
	}

	/**
	 * Whether permalinks are being used and rewrite module is enabled.
	 *
	 * Using permalinks and index.php is not in the URL.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return bool
	 */
	function using_mod_rewrite_permalinks() {
		if ( $this->using_permalinks() && ! $this->using_index_permalinks() )
			return true;
		else
			return false;
	}

	/**
	 * Index for matches for usage in preg_*() functions.
	 *
	 * The format of the string is, with empty matches property value, '$NUM'.
	 * The 'NUM' will be replaced with the value in the $number parameter. With
	 * the matches property not empty, the value of the returned string will
	 * contain that value of the matches property. The format then will be
	 * '$MATCHES[NUM]', with MATCHES as the value in the property and NUM the
	 * value of the $number parameter.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param int $number Index number.
	 * @return string
	 */
	function preg_index($number) {
		$match_prefix = '$';
		$match_suffix = '';

		if ( ! empty($this->matches) ) {
			$match_prefix = '$' . $this->matches . '[';
			$match_suffix = ']';
		}

		return "$match_prefix$number$match_suffix";
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve all page and attachments for pages URIs.
	 *
	 * The attachments are for those that have pages as parents and will be
	 * retrieved.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return array Array of page URIs as first element and attachment URIs as second element.
	 */
	function page_uri_index() {
		global $wpdb;

		//get pages in order of hierarchy, i.e. children after parents
		$posts = get_page_hierarchy( $wpdb->get_results("SELECT ID, post_name, post_parent FROM $wpdb->posts WHERE post_type = 'page' AND post_status != 'auto-draft'") );

		// If we have no pages get out quick
		if ( !$posts )
			return array( array(), array() );

		//now reverse it, because we need parents after children for rewrite rules to work properly
		$posts = array_reverse($posts, true);

		$page_uris = array();
		$page_attachment_uris = array();

		foreach ( $posts as $id => $post ) {
			// URL => page name
			$uri = get_page_uri($id);
			$attachments = $wpdb->get_results( $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT ID, post_name, post_parent FROM $wpdb->posts WHERE post_type = 'attachment' AND post_parent = %d", $id ));
			if ( !empty($attachments) ) {
				foreach ( $attachments as $attachment ) {
					$attach_uri = get_page_uri($attachment->ID);
					$page_attachment_uris[$attach_uri] = $attachment->ID;
				}
			}

			$page_uris[$uri] = $id;
		}

		return array( $page_uris, $page_attachment_uris );
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve all of the rewrite rules for pages.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return array
	 */
	function page_rewrite_rules() {
		// the extra .? at the beginning prevents clashes with other regular expressions in the rules array
		$this->add_rewrite_tag( '%pagename%', '(.?.+?)', 'pagename=' );

		return $this->generate_rewrite_rules( $this->get_page_permastruct(), EP_PAGES, true, true, false, false );
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve date permalink structure, with year, month, and day.
	 *
	 * The permalink structure for the date, if not set already depends on the
	 * permalink structure. It can be one of three formats. The first is year,
	 * month, day; the second is day, month, year; and the last format is month,
	 * day, year. These are matched against the permalink structure for which
	 * one is used. If none matches, then the default will be used, which is
	 * year, month, day.
	 *
	 * Prevents post ID and date permalinks from overlapping. In the case of
	 * post_id, the date permalink will be prepended with front permalink with
	 * 'date/' before the actual permalink to form the complete date permalink
	 * structure.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return bool|string False on no permalink structure. Date permalink structure.
	 */
	function get_date_permastruct() {
		if ( isset($this->date_structure) )
			return $this->date_structure;

		if ( empty($this->permalink_structure) ) {
			$this->date_structure = '';
			return false;
		}

		// The date permalink must have year, month, and day separated by slashes.
		$endians = array('%year%/%monthnum%/%day%', '%day%/%monthnum%/%year%', '%monthnum%/%day%/%year%');

		$this->date_structure = '';
		$date_endian = '';

		foreach ( $endians as $endian ) {
			if ( false !== strpos($this->permalink_structure, $endian) ) {
				$date_endian= $endian;
				break;
			}
		}

		if ( empty($date_endian) )
			$date_endian = '%year%/%monthnum%/%day%';

		// Do not allow the date tags and %post_id% to overlap in the permalink
		// structure. If they do, move the date tags to $front/date/.
		$front = $this->front;
		preg_match_all('/%.+?%/', $this->permalink_structure, $tokens);
		$tok_index = 1;
		foreach ( (array) $tokens[0] as $token) {
			if ( '%post_id%' == $token && ($tok_index <= 3) ) {
				$front = $front . 'date/';
				break;
			}
			$tok_index++;
		}

		$this->date_structure = $front . $date_endian;

		return $this->date_structure;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve the year permalink structure without month and day.
	 *
	 * Gets the date permalink structure and strips out the month and day
	 * permalink structures.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return bool|string False on failure. Year structure on success.
	 */
	function get_year_permastruct() {
		$structure = $this->get_date_permastruct();

		if ( empty($structure) )
			return false;

		$structure = str_replace('%monthnum%', '', $structure);
		$structure = str_replace('%day%', '', $structure);

		$structure = preg_replace('#/+#', '/', $structure);

		return $structure;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve the month permalink structure without day and with year.
	 *
	 * Gets the date permalink structure and strips out the day permalink
	 * structures. Keeps the year permalink structure.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return bool|string False on failure. Year/Month structure on success.
	 */
	function get_month_permastruct() {
		$structure = $this->get_date_permastruct();

		if ( empty($structure) )
			return false;

		$structure = str_replace('%day%', '', $structure);

		$structure = preg_replace('#/+#', '/', $structure);

		return $structure;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve the day permalink structure with month and year.
	 *
	 * Keeps date permalink structure with all year, month, and day.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return bool|string False on failure. Year/Month/Day structure on success.
	 */
	function get_day_permastruct() {
		return $this->get_date_permastruct();
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve the permalink structure for categories.
	 *
	 * If the category_base property has no value, then the category structure
	 * will have the front property value, followed by 'category', and finally
	 * '%category%'. If it does, then the root property will be used, along with
	 * the category_base property value.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return bool|string False on failure. Category permalink structure.
	 */
	function get_category_permastruct() {
		return $this->get_extra_permastruct('category');
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve the permalink structure for tags.
	 *
	 * If the tag_base property has no value, then the tag structure will have
	 * the front property value, followed by 'tag', and finally '%tag%'. If it
	 * does, then the root property will be used, along with the tag_base
	 * property value.
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return bool|string False on failure. Tag permalink structure.
	 */
	function get_tag_permastruct() {
		return $this->get_extra_permastruct('post_tag');
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve extra permalink structure by name.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $name Permalink structure name.
	 * @return string|bool False if not found. Permalink structure string.
	 */
	function get_extra_permastruct($name) {
		if ( empty($this->permalink_structure) )
			return false;

		if ( isset($this->extra_permastructs[$name]) )
			return $this->extra_permastructs[$name]['struct'];

		return false;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve the author permalink structure.
	 *
	 * The permalink structure is front property, author base, and finally
	 * '/%author%'. Will set the author_structure property and then return it
	 * without attempting to set the value again.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return string|bool False if not found. Permalink structure string.
	 */
	function get_author_permastruct() {
		if ( isset($this->author_structure) )
			return $this->author_structure;

		if ( empty($this->permalink_structure) ) {
			$this->author_structure = '';
			return false;
		}

		$this->author_structure = $this->front . $this->author_base . '/%author%';

		return $this->author_structure;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve the search permalink structure.
	 *
	 * The permalink structure is root property, search base, and finally
	 * '/%search%'. Will set the search_structure property and then return it
	 * without attempting to set the value again.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return string|bool False if not found. Permalink structure string.
	 */
	function get_search_permastruct() {
		if ( isset($this->search_structure) )
			return $this->search_structure;

		if ( empty($this->permalink_structure) ) {
			$this->search_structure = '';
			return false;
		}

		$this->search_structure = $this->root . $this->search_base . '/%search%';

		return $this->search_structure;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve the page permalink structure.
	 *
	 * The permalink structure is root property, and '%pagename%'. Will set the
	 * page_structure property and then return it without attempting to set the
	 * value again.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return string|bool False if not found. Permalink structure string.
	 */
	function get_page_permastruct() {
		if ( isset($this->page_structure) )
			return $this->page_structure;

		if (empty($this->permalink_structure)) {
			$this->page_structure = '';
			return false;
		}

		$this->page_structure = $this->root . '%pagename%';

		return $this->page_structure;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve the feed permalink structure.
	 *
	 * The permalink structure is root property, feed base, and finally
	 * '/%feed%'. Will set the feed_structure property and then return it
	 * without attempting to set the value again.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return string|bool False if not found. Permalink structure string.
	 */
	function get_feed_permastruct() {
		if ( isset($this->feed_structure) )
			return $this->feed_structure;

		if ( empty($this->permalink_structure) ) {
			$this->feed_structure = '';
			return false;
		}

		$this->feed_structure = $this->root . $this->feed_base . '/%feed%';

		return $this->feed_structure;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve the comment feed permalink structure.
	 *
	 * The permalink structure is root property, comment base property, feed
	 * base and finally '/%feed%'. Will set the comment_feed_structure property
	 * and then return it without attempting to set the value again.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return string|bool False if not found. Permalink structure string.
	 */
	function get_comment_feed_permastruct() {
		if ( isset($this->comment_feed_structure) )
			return $this->comment_feed_structure;

		if (empty($this->permalink_structure)) {
			$this->comment_feed_structure = '';
			return false;
		}

		$this->comment_feed_structure = $this->root . $this->comments_base . '/' . $this->feed_base . '/%feed%';

		return $this->comment_feed_structure;
	}

	/**
	 * Add or update existing rewrite tags (e.g. %postname%).
	 *
	 * If the tag already exists, replace the existing pattern and query for
	 * that tag, otherwise add the new tag.
	 *
	 * @see WP_Rewrite::$rewritecode
	 * @see WP_Rewrite::$rewritereplace
	 * @see WP_Rewrite::$queryreplace
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $tag Name of the rewrite tag to add or update.
	 * @param string $regex Regular expression to substitute the tag for in rewrite rules.
	 * @param string $query String to append to the rewritten query. Must end in '='.
	 */
	function add_rewrite_tag( $tag, $regex, $query ) {
		$position = array_search( $tag, $this->rewritecode );
		if ( false !== $position && null !== $position ) {
			$this->rewritereplace[ $position ] = $regex;
			$this->queryreplace[ $position ] = $query;
		} else {
			$this->rewritecode[] = $tag;
			$this->rewritereplace[] = $regex;
			$this->queryreplace[] = $query;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Generate rewrite rules from a permalink structure.
	 *
	 * The main WP_Rewrite function for building the rewrite rule list. The
	 * contents of the function is a mix of black magic and regular expressions,
	 * so best just ignore the contents and move to the parameters.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $permalink_structure The permalink structure.
	 * @param int $ep_mask Endpoint mask defining what endpoints are added to the structure. Default is EP_NONE.
	 * @param bool $paged Should archive pagination rules be added for the structure? Default is true.
	 * @param bool $feed Should feed rewrite rules be added for the structure? Default is true.
	 * @param bool $forcomments Should the feed rules be a query for a comments feed? Default is false.
	 * @param bool $walk_dirs Should the 'directories' making up the structure be walked over and rewrite rules
	 *                        built for each in turn? Default is true.
	 * @param bool $endpoints Should endpoints be applied to the generated rewrite rules? Default is true.
	 * @return array Rewrite rule list.
	 */
	function generate_rewrite_rules($permalink_structure, $ep_mask = EP_NONE, $paged = true, $feed = true, $forcomments = false, $walk_dirs = true, $endpoints = true) {
		//build a regex to match the feed section of URLs, something like (feed|atom|rss|rss2)/?
		$feedregex2 = '';
		foreach ( (array) $this->feeds as $feed_name)
			$feedregex2 .= $feed_name . '|';
		$feedregex2 = '(' . trim($feedregex2, '|') . ')/?$';

		//$feedregex is identical but with /feed/ added on as well, so URLs like <permalink>/feed/atom
		//and <permalink>/atom are both possible
		$feedregex = $this->feed_base . '/' . $feedregex2;

		//build a regex to match the trackback and page/xx parts of URLs
		$trackbackregex = 'trackback/?$';
		$pageregex = $this->pagination_base . '/?([0-9]{1,})/?$';
		$commentregex = 'comment-page-([0-9]{1,})/?$';

		//build up an array of endpoint regexes to append => queries to append
		if ( $endpoints ) {
			$ep_query_append = array ();
			foreach ( (array) $this->endpoints as $endpoint) {
				//match everything after the endpoint name, but allow for nothing to appear there
				$epmatch = $endpoint[1] . '(/(.*))?/?$';
				//this will be appended on to the rest of the query for each dir
				$epquery = '&' . $endpoint[1] . '=';
				$ep_query_append[$epmatch] = array ( $endpoint[0], $epquery );
			}
		}

		//get everything up to the first rewrite tag
		$front = substr($permalink_structure, 0, strpos($permalink_structure, '%'));
		//build an array of the tags (note that said array ends up being in $tokens[0])
		preg_match_all('/%.+?%/', $permalink_structure, $tokens);

		$num_tokens = count($tokens[0]);

		$index = $this->index; //probably 'index.php'
		$feedindex = $index;
		$trackbackindex = $index;
		//build a list from the rewritecode and queryreplace arrays, that will look something like
		//tagname=$matches[i] where i is the current $i
		for ( $i = 0; $i < $num_tokens; ++$i ) {
			if ( 0 < $i )
				$queries[$i] = $queries[$i - 1] . '&';
			else
				$queries[$i] = '';

			$query_token = str_replace($this->rewritecode, $this->queryreplace, $tokens[0][$i]) . $this->preg_index($i+1);
			$queries[$i] .= $query_token;
		}

		//get the structure, minus any cruft (stuff that isn't tags) at the front
		$structure = $permalink_structure;
		if ( $front != '/' )
			$structure = str_replace($front, '', $structure);

		//create a list of dirs to walk over, making rewrite rules for each level
		//so for example, a $structure of /%year%/%monthnum%/%postname% would create
		//rewrite rules for /%year%/, /%year%/%monthnum%/ and /%year%/%monthnum%/%postname%
		$structure = trim($structure, '/');
		$dirs = $walk_dirs ? explode('/', $structure) : array( $structure );
		$num_dirs = count($dirs);

		//strip slashes from the front of $front
		$front = preg_replace('|^/+|', '', $front);

		//the main workhorse loop
		$post_rewrite = array();
		$struct = $front;
		for ( $j = 0; $j < $num_dirs; ++$j ) {
			//get the struct for this dir, and trim slashes off the front
			$struct .= $dirs[$j] . '/'; //accumulate. see comment near explode('/', $structure) above
			$struct = ltrim($struct, '/');

			//replace tags with regexes
			$match = str_replace($this->rewritecode, $this->rewritereplace, $struct);

			//make a list of tags, and store how many there are in $num_toks
			$num_toks = preg_match_all('/%.+?%/', $struct, $toks);

			//get the 'tagname=$matches[i]'
			$query = ( isset($queries) && is_array($queries) && !empty($num_toks) ) ? $queries[$num_toks - 1] : '';

			//set up $ep_mask_specific which is used to match more specific URL types
			switch ( $dirs[$j] ) {
				case '%year%':
					$ep_mask_specific = EP_YEAR;
					break;
				case '%monthnum%':
					$ep_mask_specific = EP_MONTH;
					break;
				case '%day%':
					$ep_mask_specific = EP_DAY;
					break;
				default:
					$ep_mask_specific = EP_NONE;
			}

			//create query for /page/xx
			$pagematch = $match . $pageregex;
			$pagequery = $index . '?' . $query . '&paged=' . $this->preg_index($num_toks + 1);

			//create query for /comment-page-xx
			$commentmatch = $match . $commentregex;
			$commentquery = $index . '?' . $query . '&cpage=' . $this->preg_index($num_toks + 1);

			if ( get_option('page_on_front') ) {
				//create query for Root /comment-page-xx
				$rootcommentmatch = $match . $commentregex;
				$rootcommentquery = $index . '?' . $query . '&page_id=' . get_option('page_on_front') . '&cpage=' . $this->preg_index($num_toks + 1);
			}

			//create query for /feed/(feed|atom|rss|rss2|rdf)
			$feedmatch = $match . $feedregex;
			$feedquery = $feedindex . '?' . $query . '&feed=' . $this->preg_index($num_toks + 1);

			//create query for /(feed|atom|rss|rss2|rdf) (see comment near creation of $feedregex)
			$feedmatch2 = $match . $feedregex2;
			$feedquery2 = $feedindex . '?' . $query . '&feed=' . $this->preg_index($num_toks + 1);

			//if asked to, turn the feed queries into comment feed ones
			if ( $forcomments ) {
				$feedquery .= '&withcomments=1';
				$feedquery2 .= '&withcomments=1';
			}

			//start creating the array of rewrites for this dir
			$rewrite = array();
			if ( $feed ) //...adding on /feed/ regexes => queries
				$rewrite = array($feedmatch => $feedquery, $feedmatch2 => $feedquery2);
			if ( $paged ) //...and /page/xx ones
				$rewrite = array_merge($rewrite, array($pagematch => $pagequery));

			//only on pages with comments add ../comment-page-xx/
			if ( EP_PAGES & $ep_mask || EP_PERMALINK & $ep_mask )
				$rewrite = array_merge($rewrite, array($commentmatch => $commentquery));
			else if ( EP_ROOT & $ep_mask && get_option('page_on_front') )
				$rewrite = array_merge($rewrite, array($rootcommentmatch => $rootcommentquery));

			//do endpoints
			if ( $endpoints ) {
				foreach ( (array) $ep_query_append as $regex => $ep) {
					//add the endpoints on if the mask fits
					if ( $ep[0] & $ep_mask || $ep[0] & $ep_mask_specific )
						$rewrite[$match . $regex] = $index . '?' . $query . $ep[1] . $this->preg_index($num_toks + 2);
				}
			}

			//if we've got some tags in this dir
			if ( $num_toks ) {
				$post = false;
				$page = false;

				//check to see if this dir is permalink-level: i.e. the structure specifies an
				//individual post. Do this by checking it contains at least one of 1) post name,
				//2) post ID, 3) page name, 4) timestamp (year, month, day, hour, second and
				//minute all present). Set these flags now as we need them for the endpoints.
				if ( strpos($struct, '%postname%') !== false
						|| strpos($struct, '%post_id%') !== false
						|| strpos($struct, '%pagename%') !== false
						|| (strpos($struct, '%year%') !== false && strpos($struct, '%monthnum%') !== false && strpos($struct, '%day%') !== false && strpos($struct, '%hour%') !== false && strpos($struct, '%minute%') !== false && strpos($struct, '%second%') !== false)
						) {
					$post = true;
					if ( strpos($struct, '%pagename%') !== false )
						$page = true;
				}

				if ( ! $post ) {
					// For custom post types, we need to add on endpoints as well.
					foreach ( get_post_types( array('_builtin' => false ) ) as $ptype ) {
						if ( strpos($struct, "%$ptype%") !== false ) {
							$post = true;
							$page = is_post_type_hierarchical( $ptype ); // This is for page style attachment url's
							break;
						}
					}
				}

				//if we're creating rules for a permalink, do all the endpoints like attachments etc
				if ( $post ) {
					//create query and regex for trackback
					$trackbackmatch = $match . $trackbackregex;
					$trackbackquery = $trackbackindex . '?' . $query . '&tb=1';
					//trim slashes from the end of the regex for this dir
					$match = rtrim($match, '/');
					//get rid of brackets
					$submatchbase = str_replace( array('(', ')'), '', $match);

					//add a rule for at attachments, which take the form of <permalink>/some-text
					$sub1 = $submatchbase . '/([^/]+)/';
					$sub1tb = $sub1 . $trackbackregex; //add trackback regex <permalink>/trackback/...
					$sub1feed = $sub1 . $feedregex; //and <permalink>/feed/(atom|...)
					$sub1feed2 = $sub1 . $feedregex2; //and <permalink>/(feed|atom...)
					$sub1comment = $sub1 . $commentregex; //and <permalink>/comment-page-xx

					//add another rule to match attachments in the explicit form:
					//<permalink>/attachment/some-text
					$sub2 = $submatchbase . '/attachment/([^/]+)/';
					$sub2tb = $sub2 . $trackbackregex; //and add trackbacks <permalink>/attachment/trackback
					$sub2feed = $sub2 . $feedregex;    //feeds, <permalink>/attachment/feed/(atom|...)
					$sub2feed2 = $sub2 . $feedregex2;  //and feeds again on to this <permalink>/attachment/(feed|atom...)
					$sub2comment = $sub2 . $commentregex; //and <permalink>/comment-page-xx

					//create queries for these extra tag-ons we've just dealt with
					$subquery = $index . '?attachment=' . $this->preg_index(1);
					$subtbquery = $subquery . '&tb=1';
					$subfeedquery = $subquery . '&feed=' . $this->preg_index(2);
					$subcommentquery = $subquery . '&cpage=' . $this->preg_index(2);

					//do endpoints for attachments
					if ( !empty($endpoints) ) {
						foreach ( (array) $ep_query_append as $regex => $ep ) {
							if ( $ep[0] & EP_ATTACHMENT ) {
								$rewrite[$sub1 . $regex] = $subquery . $ep[1] . $this->preg_index(2);
								$rewrite[$sub2 . $regex] = $subquery . $ep[1] . $this->preg_index(2);
							}
						}
					}

					//now we've finished with endpoints, finish off the $sub1 and $sub2 matches
					//add a ? as we don't have to match that last slash, and finally a $ so we
					//match to the end of the URL
					$sub1 .= '?$';
					$sub2 .= '?$';

					//post pagination, e.g. <permalink>/2/
					$match = $match . '(/[0-9]+)?/?$';
					$query = $index . '?' . $query . '&page=' . $this->preg_index($num_toks + 1);
				} else { //not matching a permalink so this is a lot simpler
					//close the match and finalise the query
					$match .= '?$';
					$query = $index . '?' . $query;
				}

				//create the final array for this dir by joining the $rewrite array (which currently
				//only contains rules/queries for trackback, pages etc) to the main regex/query for
				//this dir
				$rewrite = array_merge($rewrite, array($match => $query));

				//if we're matching a permalink, add those extras (attachments etc) on
				if ( $post ) {
					//add trackback
					$rewrite = array_merge(array($trackbackmatch => $trackbackquery), $rewrite);

					//add regexes/queries for attachments, attachment trackbacks and so on
					if ( ! $page ) //require <permalink>/attachment/stuff form for pages because of confusion with subpages
						$rewrite = array_merge($rewrite, array($sub1 => $subquery, $sub1tb => $subtbquery, $sub1feed => $subfeedquery, $sub1feed2 => $subfeedquery, $sub1comment => $subcommentquery));
					$rewrite = array_merge(array($sub2 => $subquery, $sub2tb => $subtbquery, $sub2feed => $subfeedquery, $sub2feed2 => $subfeedquery, $sub2comment => $subcommentquery), $rewrite);
				}
			} //if($num_toks)
			//add the rules for this dir to the accumulating $post_rewrite
			$post_rewrite = array_merge($rewrite, $post_rewrite);
		} //foreach ($dir)
		return $post_rewrite; //the finished rules. phew!
	}

	/**
	 * Generate Rewrite rules with permalink structure and walking directory only.
	 *
	 * Shorten version of {@link WP_Rewrite::generate_rewrite_rules()} that
	 * allows for shorter list of parameters. See the method for longer
	 * description of what generating rewrite rules does.
	 *
	 * @uses WP_Rewrite::generate_rewrite_rules() See for long description and rest of parameters.
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $permalink_structure The permalink structure to generate rules.
	 * @param bool $walk_dirs Optional, default is false. Whether to create list of directories to walk over.
	 * @return array
	 */
	function generate_rewrite_rule($permalink_structure, $walk_dirs = false) {
		return $this->generate_rewrite_rules($permalink_structure, EP_NONE, false, false, false, $walk_dirs);
	}

	/**
	 * Construct rewrite matches and queries from permalink structure.
	 *
	 * Runs the action 'generate_rewrite_rules' with the parameter that is an
	 * reference to the current WP_Rewrite instance to further manipulate the
	 * permalink structures and rewrite rules. Runs the 'rewrite_rules_array'
	 * filter on the full rewrite rule array.
	 *
	 * There are two ways to manipulate the rewrite rules, one by hooking into
	 * the 'generate_rewrite_rules' action and gaining full control of the
	 * object or just manipulating the rewrite rule array before it is passed
	 * from the function.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return array An associate array of matches and queries.
	 */
	function rewrite_rules() {
		$rewrite = array();

		if ( empty($this->permalink_structure) )
			return $rewrite;

		// robots.txt -only if installed at the root
		$home_path = parse_url( home_url() );
		$robots_rewrite = ( empty( $home_path['path'] ) || '/' == $home_path['path'] ) ? array( 'robots\.txt$' => $this->index . '?robots=1' ) : array();

		// Old feed and service files
		$deprecated_files = array(
			'.*wp-(atom|rdf|rss|rss2|feed|commentsrss2)\.php$' => $this->index . '?feed=old',
			'.*wp-app\.php(/.*)?$' => $this->index . '?error=403',
		);

		// Registration rules
		$registration_pages = array();
		if ( is_multisite() && is_main_site() ) {
			$registration_pages['.*wp-signup.php$'] = $this->index . '?signup=true';
			$registration_pages['.*wp-activate.php$'] = $this->index . '?activate=true';
		}
		$registration_pages['.*wp-register.php$'] = $this->index . '?register=true'; // Deprecated

		// Post
		$post_rewrite = $this->generate_rewrite_rules( $this->permalink_structure, EP_PERMALINK );
		$post_rewrite = apply_filters('post_rewrite_rules', $post_rewrite);

		// Date
		$date_rewrite = $this->generate_rewrite_rules($this->get_date_permastruct(), EP_DATE);
		$date_rewrite = apply_filters('date_rewrite_rules', $date_rewrite);

		// Root
		$root_rewrite = $this->generate_rewrite_rules($this->root . '/', EP_ROOT);
		$root_rewrite = apply_filters('root_rewrite_rules', $root_rewrite);

		// Comments
		$comments_rewrite = $this->generate_rewrite_rules($this->root . $this->comments_base, EP_COMMENTS, true, true, true, false);
		$comments_rewrite = apply_filters('comments_rewrite_rules', $comments_rewrite);

		// Search
		$search_structure = $this->get_search_permastruct();
		$search_rewrite = $this->generate_rewrite_rules($search_structure, EP_SEARCH);
		$search_rewrite = apply_filters('search_rewrite_rules', $search_rewrite);

		// Authors
		$author_rewrite = $this->generate_rewrite_rules($this->get_author_permastruct(), EP_AUTHORS);
		$author_rewrite = apply_filters('author_rewrite_rules', $author_rewrite);

		// Pages
		$page_rewrite = $this->page_rewrite_rules();
		$page_rewrite = apply_filters('page_rewrite_rules', $page_rewrite);

		// Extra permastructs
		foreach ( $this->extra_permastructs as $permastructname => $struct ) {
			if ( is_array( $struct ) ) {
				if ( count( $struct ) == 2 )
					$rules = $this->generate_rewrite_rules( $struct[0], $struct[1] );
				else
					$rules = $this->generate_rewrite_rules( $struct['struct'], $struct['ep_mask'], $struct['paged'], $struct['feed'], $struct['forcomments'], $struct['walk_dirs'], $struct['endpoints'] );
			} else {
				$rules = $this->generate_rewrite_rules( $struct );
			}

			$rules = apply_filters($permastructname . '_rewrite_rules', $rules);
			if ( 'post_tag' == $permastructname )
				$rules = apply_filters('tag_rewrite_rules', $rules);

			$this->extra_rules_top = array_merge($this->extra_rules_top, $rules);
		}

		// Put them together.
		if ( $this->use_verbose_page_rules )
			$this->rules = array_merge($this->extra_rules_top, $robots_rewrite, $deprecated_files, $registration_pages, $root_rewrite, $comments_rewrite, $search_rewrite,  $author_rewrite, $date_rewrite, $page_rewrite, $post_rewrite, $this->extra_rules);
		else
			$this->rules = array_merge($this->extra_rules_top, $robots_rewrite, $deprecated_files, $registration_pages, $root_rewrite, $comments_rewrite, $search_rewrite,  $author_rewrite, $date_rewrite, $post_rewrite, $page_rewrite, $this->extra_rules);

		do_action_ref_array('generate_rewrite_rules', array(&$this));
		$this->rules = apply_filters('rewrite_rules_array', $this->rules);

		return $this->rules;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve the rewrite rules.
	 *
	 * The difference between this method and {@link
	 * WP_Rewrite::rewrite_rules()} is that this method stores the rewrite rules
	 * in the 'rewrite_rules' option and retrieves it. This prevents having to
	 * process all of the permalinks to get the rewrite rules in the form of
	 * caching.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return array Rewrite rules.
	 */
	function wp_rewrite_rules() {
		$this->rules = get_option('rewrite_rules');
		if ( empty($this->rules) ) {
			$this->matches = 'matches';
			$this->rewrite_rules();
			update_option('rewrite_rules', $this->rules);
		}

		return $this->rules;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve mod_rewrite formatted rewrite rules to write to .htaccess.
	 *
	 * Does not actually write to the .htaccess file, but creates the rules for
	 * the process that will.
	 *
	 * Will add the non_wp_rules property rules to the .htaccess file before
	 * the WordPress rewrite rules one.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return string
	 */
	function mod_rewrite_rules() {
		if ( ! $this->using_permalinks() )
			return '';

		$site_root = parse_url( site_url() );
		if ( isset( $site_root['path'] ) )
			$site_root = trailingslashit($site_root['path']);

		$home_root = parse_url(home_url());
		if ( isset( $home_root['path'] ) )
			$home_root = trailingslashit($home_root['path']);
		else
			$home_root = '/';

		$rules = "<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>\n";
		$rules .= "RewriteEngine On\n";
		$rules .= "RewriteBase $home_root\n";
		$rules .= "RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L]\n"; // Prevent -f checks on index.php.

		//add in the rules that don't redirect to WP's index.php (and thus shouldn't be handled by WP at all)
		foreach ( (array) $this->non_wp_rules as $match => $query) {
			// Apache 1.3 does not support the reluctant (non-greedy) modifier.
			$match = str_replace('.+?', '.+', $match);

			// If the match is unanchored and greedy, prepend rewrite conditions
			// to avoid infinite redirects and eclipsing of real files.
			//if ($match == '(.+)/?$' || $match == '([^/]+)/?$' ) {
				//nada.
			//}

			$rules .= 'RewriteRule ^' . $match . ' ' . $home_root . $query . " [QSA,L]\n";
		}

		if ( $this->use_verbose_rules ) {
			$this->matches = '';
			$rewrite = $this->rewrite_rules();
			$num_rules = count($rewrite);
			$rules .= "RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -f [OR]\n" .
				"RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -d\n" .
				"RewriteRule ^.*$ - [S=$num_rules]\n";

			foreach ( (array) $rewrite as $match => $query) {
				// Apache 1.3 does not support the reluctant (non-greedy) modifier.
				$match = str_replace('.+?', '.+', $match);

				// If the match is unanchored and greedy, prepend rewrite conditions
				// to avoid infinite redirects and eclipsing of real files.
				//if ($match == '(.+)/?$' || $match == '([^/]+)/?$' ) {
					//nada.
				//}

				if ( strpos($query, $this->index) !== false )
					$rules .= 'RewriteRule ^' . $match . ' ' . $home_root . $query . " [QSA,L]\n";
				else
					$rules .= 'RewriteRule ^' . $match . ' ' . $site_root . $query . " [QSA,L]\n";
			}
		} else {
			$rules .= "RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f\n" .
				"RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d\n" .
				"RewriteRule . {$home_root}{$this->index} [L]\n";
		}

		$rules .= "</IfModule>\n";

		$rules = apply_filters('mod_rewrite_rules', $rules);
		$rules = apply_filters('rewrite_rules', $rules);  // Deprecated

		return $rules;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve IIS7 URL Rewrite formatted rewrite rules to write to web.config file.
	 *
	 * Does not actually write to the web.config file, but creates the rules for
	 * the process that will.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return string
	 */
	function iis7_url_rewrite_rules( $add_parent_tags = false ) {

		if ( ! $this->using_permalinks() )
			return '';
		$rules = '';
		if ( $add_parent_tags ) {
			$rules .= '<configuration>
	<system.webServer>
		<rewrite>
			<rules>';
		}

		$rules .= '
			<rule name="wordpress" patternSyntax="Wildcard">
				<match url="*" />
					<conditions>
						<add input="{REQUEST_FILENAME}" matchType="IsFile" negate="true" />
						<add input="{REQUEST_FILENAME}" matchType="IsDirectory" negate="true" />
					</conditions>
				<action type="Rewrite" url="index.php" />
			</rule>';

		if ( $add_parent_tags ) {
			$rules .= '
			</rules>
		</rewrite>
	</system.webServer>
</configuration>';
		}

		$rules = apply_filters('iis7_url_rewrite_rules', $rules);

		return $rules;
	}

	/**
	 * Add a straight rewrite rule.
	 *
	 * Any value in the $after parameter that isn't 'bottom' will be placed at
	 * the top of the rules.
	 *
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $regex Regular expression to match against request.
	 * @param string $redirect URL regex redirects to when regex matches request.
	 * @param string $after Optional, default is bottom. Location to place rule.
	 */
	function add_rule($regex, $redirect, $after = 'bottom') {
		//get everything up to the first ?
		$index = (strpos($redirect, '?') == false ? strlen($redirect) : strpos($redirect, '?'));
		$front = substr($redirect, 0, $index);
		if ( $front != $this->index ) { //it doesn't redirect to WP's index.php
			$this->add_external_rule($regex, $redirect);
		} else {
			if ( 'bottom' == $after)
				$this->extra_rules = array_merge($this->extra_rules, array($regex => $redirect));
			else
				$this->extra_rules_top = array_merge($this->extra_rules_top, array($regex => $redirect));
			//$this->extra_rules[$regex] = $redirect;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Add a rule that doesn't redirect to index.php.
	 *
	 * Can redirect to any place.
	 *
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $regex Regular expression to match against request.
	 * @param string $redirect URL regex redirects to when regex matches request.
	 */
	function add_external_rule($regex, $redirect) {
		$this->non_wp_rules[$regex] = $redirect;
	}

	/**
	 * Add an endpoint, like /trackback/.
	 *
	 * See {@link add_rewrite_endpoint()} for full documentation.
	 *
	 * @see add_rewrite_endpoint()
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 * @access public
	 * @uses WP::add_query_var()
	 *
	 * @param string $name Name of the endpoint.
	 * @param int $places Endpoint mask describing the places the endpoint should be added.
	 */
	function add_endpoint($name, $places) {
		global $wp;
		$this->endpoints[] = array ( $places, $name );
		$wp->add_query_var($name);
	}

	/**
	 * Add a new permalink structure.
	 *
	 * A permalink structure (permastruct) is an abstract definition of a set of rewrite rules; it
	 * is an easy way of expressing a set of regular expressions that rewrite to a set of query strings.
	 * The new permastruct is added to the {@link WP_Rewrite::$extra_permastructs} array. When the
	 * rewrite rules are built by {@link WP_Rewrite::rewrite_rules()} all of these extra permastructs
	 * are passed to {@link WP_Rewrite::generate_rewrite_rules()} which transforms them into the
	 * regular expressions that many love to hate.
	 *
	 * The $args parameter gives you control over how {@link WP_Rewrite::generate_rewrite_rules()}
	 * works on the new permastruct.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $name Name for permalink structure.
	 * @param string $struct Permalink structure (e.g. category/%category%)
	 * @param array $args Optional configuration for building the rules from the permalink structure:
	 *     - with_front (bool) - Should the structure be prepended with WP_Rewrite::$front? Default is true.
	 *     - ep_mask (int) - Endpoint mask defining what endpoints are added to the structure. Default is EP_NONE.
	 *     - paged (bool) - Should archive pagination rules be added for the structure? Default is true.
	 *     - feed (bool) - Should feed rewrite rules be added for the structure? Default is true.
	 *     - forcomments (bool) - Should the feed rules be a query for a comments feed? Default is false.
	 *     - walk_dirs (bool) - Should the 'directories' making up the structure be walked over and rewrite
	 *                          rules built for each in turn? Default is true.
	 *     - endpoints (bool) - Should endpoints be applied to the generated rewrite rules? Default is true.
	 */
	function add_permastruct( $name, $struct, $args = array() ) {
		// backwards compatibility for the old parameters: $with_front and $ep_mask
		if ( ! is_array( $args ) )
			$args = array( 'with_front' => $args );
		if ( func_num_args() == 4 )
			$args['ep_mask'] = func_get_arg( 3 );

		$defaults = array(
			'with_front' => true,
			'ep_mask' => EP_NONE,
			'paged' => true,
			'feed' => true,
			'forcomments' => false,
			'walk_dirs' => true,
			'endpoints' => true,
		);
		$args = array_intersect_key( $args, $defaults );
		$args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );

		if ( $args['with_front'] )
			$struct = $this->front . $struct;
		else
			$struct = $this->root . $struct;
		$args['struct'] = $struct;

		$this->extra_permastructs[ $name ] = $args;
	}

	/**
	 * Remove rewrite rules and then recreate rewrite rules.
	 *
	 * Calls {@link WP_Rewrite::wp_rewrite_rules()} after removing the
	 * 'rewrite_rules' option. If the function named 'save_mod_rewrite_rules'
	 * exists, it will be called.
	 *
	 * @since 2.0.1
	 * @access public
	 * @param bool $hard Whether to update .htaccess (hard flush) or just update rewrite_rules option (soft flush). Default is true (hard).
	 */
	function flush_rules($hard = true) {
		delete_option('rewrite_rules');
		$this->wp_rewrite_rules();
		if ( $hard && function_exists('save_mod_rewrite_rules') )
			save_mod_rewrite_rules();
		if ( $hard && function_exists('iis7_save_url_rewrite_rules') )
			iis7_save_url_rewrite_rules();
	}

	/**
	 * Sets up the object's properties.
	 *
	 * The 'use_verbose_page_rules' object property will be set to true if the
	 * permalink structure begins with one of the following: '%postname%', '%category%',
	 * '%tag%', or '%author%'.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 */
	function init() {
		$this->extra_rules = $this->non_wp_rules = $this->endpoints = array();
		$this->permalink_structure = get_option('permalink_structure');
		$this->front = substr($this->permalink_structure, 0, strpos($this->permalink_structure, '%'));
		$this->root = '';
		if ( $this->using_index_permalinks() )
			$this->root = $this->index . '/';
		unset($this->author_structure);
		unset($this->date_structure);
		unset($this->page_structure);
		unset($this->search_structure);
		unset($this->feed_structure);
		unset($this->comment_feed_structure);
		$this->use_trailing_slashes = ( '/' == substr($this->permalink_structure, -1, 1) );

		// Enable generic rules for pages if permalink structure doesn't begin with a wildcard.
		if ( preg_match("/^[^%]*%(?:postname|category|tag|author)%/", $this->permalink_structure) )
			 $this->use_verbose_page_rules = true;
		else
			$this->use_verbose_page_rules = false;
	}

	/**
	 * Set the main permalink structure for the blog.
	 *
	 * Will update the 'permalink_structure' option, if there is a difference
	 * between the current permalink structure and the parameter value. Calls
	 * {@link WP_Rewrite::init()} after the option is updated.
	 *
	 * Fires the 'permalink_structure_changed' action once the init call has
	 * processed passing the old and new values
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $permalink_structure Permalink structure.
	 */
	function set_permalink_structure($permalink_structure) {
		if ( $permalink_structure != $this->permalink_structure ) {
			$old_permalink_structure = $this->permalink_structure;
			update_option('permalink_structure', $permalink_structure);
			$this->init();
			do_action('permalink_structure_changed', $old_permalink_structure, $permalink_structure);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Set the category base for the category permalink.
	 *
	 * Will update the 'category_base' option, if there is a difference between
	 * the current category base and the parameter value. Calls
	 * {@link WP_Rewrite::init()} after the option is updated.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $category_base Category permalink structure base.
	 */
	function set_category_base($category_base) {
		if ( $category_base != get_option('category_base') ) {
			update_option('category_base', $category_base);
			$this->init();
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Set the tag base for the tag permalink.
	 *
	 * Will update the 'tag_base' option, if there is a difference between the
	 * current tag base and the parameter value. Calls
	 * {@link WP_Rewrite::init()} after the option is updated.
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $tag_base Tag permalink structure base.
	 */
	function set_tag_base( $tag_base ) {
		if ( $tag_base != get_option( 'tag_base') ) {
			update_option( 'tag_base', $tag_base );
			$this->init();
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Constructor - Calls init(), which runs setup.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return WP_Rewrite
	 */
	function __construct() {
		$this->init();
	}
}
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