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/contrib/bind9/bin/dnssec/dnssec-keyfromlabel.c

https://bitbucket.org/freebsd/freebsd-head/
C | 570 lines | 470 code | 63 blank | 37 comment | 176 complexity | 4b85619adc79496df43fd5f24f96b224 MD5 | raw file
  1/*
  2 * Copyright (C) 2007-2011  Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
  3 *
  4 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
  5 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
  6 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
  7 *
  8 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH
  9 * REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
 10 * AND FITNESS.  IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT,
 11 * INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM
 12 * LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE
 13 * OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR
 14 * PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 15 */
 16
 17/* $Id: dnssec-keyfromlabel.c,v 1.32.14.4 2011/11/30 00:51:38 marka Exp $ */
 18
 19/*! \file */
 20
 21#include <config.h>
 22
 23#include <ctype.h>
 24#include <stdlib.h>
 25
 26#include <isc/buffer.h>
 27#include <isc/commandline.h>
 28#include <isc/entropy.h>
 29#include <isc/mem.h>
 30#include <isc/region.h>
 31#include <isc/print.h>
 32#include <isc/string.h>
 33#include <isc/util.h>
 34
 35#include <dns/dnssec.h>
 36#include <dns/fixedname.h>
 37#include <dns/keyvalues.h>
 38#include <dns/log.h>
 39#include <dns/name.h>
 40#include <dns/rdataclass.h>
 41#include <dns/result.h>
 42#include <dns/secalg.h>
 43
 44#include <dst/dst.h>
 45
 46#include "dnssectool.h"
 47
 48#define MAX_RSA 4096 /* should be long enough... */
 49
 50const char *program = "dnssec-keyfromlabel";
 51int verbose;
 52
 53#define DEFAULT_ALGORITHM "RSASHA1"
 54#define DEFAULT_NSEC3_ALGORITHM "NSEC3RSASHA1"
 55
 56static const char *algs = "RSA | RSAMD5 | DH | DSA | RSASHA1 |"
 57			  " NSEC3DSA | NSEC3RSASHA1 |"
 58			  " RSASHA256 | RSASHA512 | ECCGOST";
 59
 60ISC_PLATFORM_NORETURN_PRE static void
 61usage(void) ISC_PLATFORM_NORETURN_POST;
 62
 63static void
 64usage(void) {
 65	fprintf(stderr, "Usage:\n");
 66	fprintf(stderr, "    %s -l label [options] name\n\n",
 67		program);
 68	fprintf(stderr, "Version: %s\n", VERSION);
 69	fprintf(stderr, "Required options:\n");
 70	fprintf(stderr, "    -l label: label of the key pair\n");
 71	fprintf(stderr, "    name: owner of the key\n");
 72	fprintf(stderr, "Other options:\n");
 73	fprintf(stderr, "    -a algorithm: %s\n", algs);
 74	fprintf(stderr, "       (default: RSASHA1, or "
 75			       "NSEC3RSASHA1 if using -3)\n");
 76	fprintf(stderr, "    -3: use NSEC3-capable algorithm\n");
 77	fprintf(stderr, "    -c class (default: IN)\n");
 78#ifdef USE_PKCS11
 79	fprintf(stderr, "    -E enginename (default: pkcs11)\n");
 80#else
 81	fprintf(stderr, "    -E enginename\n");
 82#endif
 83	fprintf(stderr, "    -f keyflag: KSK | REVOKE\n");
 84	fprintf(stderr, "    -K directory: directory in which to place "
 85			"key files\n");
 86	fprintf(stderr, "    -k: generate a TYPE=KEY key\n");
 87	fprintf(stderr, "    -n nametype: ZONE | HOST | ENTITY | USER | OTHER\n");
 88	fprintf(stderr, "        (DNSKEY generation defaults to ZONE\n");
 89	fprintf(stderr, "    -p protocol: default: 3 [dnssec]\n");
 90	fprintf(stderr, "    -t type: "
 91		"AUTHCONF | NOAUTHCONF | NOAUTH | NOCONF "
 92		"(default: AUTHCONF)\n");
 93	fprintf(stderr, "    -y: permit keys that might collide\n");
 94	fprintf(stderr, "    -v verbose level\n");
 95	fprintf(stderr, "Date options:\n");
 96	fprintf(stderr, "    -P date/[+-]offset: set key publication date\n");
 97	fprintf(stderr, "    -A date/[+-]offset: set key activation date\n");
 98	fprintf(stderr, "    -R date/[+-]offset: set key revocation date\n");
 99	fprintf(stderr, "    -I date/[+-]offset: set key inactivation date\n");
100	fprintf(stderr, "    -D date/[+-]offset: set key deletion date\n");
101	fprintf(stderr, "    -G: generate key only; do not set -P or -A\n");
102	fprintf(stderr, "    -C: generate a backward-compatible key, omitting"
103			" all dates\n");
104	fprintf(stderr, "Output:\n");
105	fprintf(stderr, "     K<name>+<alg>+<id>.key, "
106			"K<name>+<alg>+<id>.private\n");
107
108	exit (-1);
109}
110
111int
112main(int argc, char **argv) {
113	char		*algname = NULL, *freeit = NULL;
114	char		*nametype = NULL, *type = NULL;
115	const char	*directory = NULL;
116#ifdef USE_PKCS11
117	const char	*engine = "pkcs11";
118#else
119	const char	*engine = NULL;
120#endif
121	char		*classname = NULL;
122	char		*endp;
123	dst_key_t	*key = NULL;
124	dns_fixedname_t	fname;
125	dns_name_t	*name;
126	isc_uint16_t	flags = 0, kskflag = 0, revflag = 0;
127	dns_secalg_t	alg;
128	isc_boolean_t	oldstyle = ISC_FALSE;
129	isc_mem_t	*mctx = NULL;
130	int		ch;
131	int		protocol = -1, signatory = 0;
132	isc_result_t	ret;
133	isc_textregion_t r;
134	char		filename[255];
135	isc_buffer_t	buf;
136	isc_log_t	*log = NULL;
137	isc_entropy_t	*ectx = NULL;
138	dns_rdataclass_t rdclass;
139	int		options = DST_TYPE_PRIVATE | DST_TYPE_PUBLIC;
140	char		*label = NULL;
141	isc_stdtime_t	publish = 0, activate = 0, revoke = 0;
142	isc_stdtime_t	inactive = 0, delete = 0;
143	isc_stdtime_t	now;
144	isc_boolean_t	setpub = ISC_FALSE, setact = ISC_FALSE;
145	isc_boolean_t	setrev = ISC_FALSE, setinact = ISC_FALSE;
146	isc_boolean_t	setdel = ISC_FALSE;
147	isc_boolean_t	unsetpub = ISC_FALSE, unsetact = ISC_FALSE;
148	isc_boolean_t	unsetrev = ISC_FALSE, unsetinact = ISC_FALSE;
149	isc_boolean_t	unsetdel = ISC_FALSE;
150	isc_boolean_t	genonly = ISC_FALSE;
151	isc_boolean_t	use_nsec3 = ISC_FALSE;
152	isc_boolean_t   avoid_collisions = ISC_TRUE;
153	isc_boolean_t	exact;
154	unsigned char	c;
155
156	if (argc == 1)
157		usage();
158
159	RUNTIME_CHECK(isc_mem_create(0, 0, &mctx) == ISC_R_SUCCESS);
160
161	dns_result_register();
162
163	isc_commandline_errprint = ISC_FALSE;
164
165	isc_stdtime_get(&now);
166
167	while ((ch = isc_commandline_parse(argc, argv,
168				"3a:Cc:E:f:K:kl:n:p:t:v:yFhGP:A:R:I:D:")) != -1)
169	{
170	    switch (ch) {
171		case '3':
172			use_nsec3 = ISC_TRUE;
173			break;
174		case 'a':
175			algname = isc_commandline_argument;
176			break;
177		case 'C':
178			oldstyle = ISC_TRUE;
179			break;
180		case 'c':
181			classname = isc_commandline_argument;
182			break;
183		case 'E':
184			engine = isc_commandline_argument;
185			break;
186		case 'f':
187			c = (unsigned char)(isc_commandline_argument[0]);
188			if (toupper(c) == 'K')
189				kskflag = DNS_KEYFLAG_KSK;
190			else if (toupper(c) == 'R')
191				revflag = DNS_KEYFLAG_REVOKE;
192			else
193				fatal("unknown flag '%s'",
194				      isc_commandline_argument);
195			break;
196		case 'K':
197			directory = isc_commandline_argument;
198			ret = try_dir(directory);
199			if (ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS)
200				fatal("cannot open directory %s: %s",
201				      directory, isc_result_totext(ret));
202			break;
203		case 'k':
204			options |= DST_TYPE_KEY;
205			break;
206		case 'l':
207			label = isc_mem_strdup(mctx, isc_commandline_argument);
208			break;
209		case 'n':
210			nametype = isc_commandline_argument;
211			break;
212		case 'p':
213			protocol = strtol(isc_commandline_argument, &endp, 10);
214			if (*endp != '\0' || protocol < 0 || protocol > 255)
215				fatal("-p must be followed by a number "
216				      "[0..255]");
217			break;
218		case 't':
219			type = isc_commandline_argument;
220			break;
221		case 'v':
222			verbose = strtol(isc_commandline_argument, &endp, 0);
223			if (*endp != '\0')
224				fatal("-v must be followed by a number");
225			break;
226		case 'y':
227			avoid_collisions = ISC_FALSE;
228			break;
229		case 'G':
230			genonly = ISC_TRUE;
231			break;
232		case 'P':
233			if (setpub || unsetpub)
234				fatal("-P specified more than once");
235
236			if (strcasecmp(isc_commandline_argument, "none")) {
237				setpub = ISC_TRUE;
238				publish = strtotime(isc_commandline_argument,
239						    now, now);
240			} else {
241				unsetpub = ISC_TRUE;
242			}
243			break;
244		case 'A':
245			if (setact || unsetact)
246				fatal("-A specified more than once");
247
248			if (strcasecmp(isc_commandline_argument, "none")) {
249				setact = ISC_TRUE;
250				activate = strtotime(isc_commandline_argument,
251						     now, now);
252			} else {
253				unsetact = ISC_TRUE;
254			}
255			break;
256		case 'R':
257			if (setrev || unsetrev)
258				fatal("-R specified more than once");
259
260			if (strcasecmp(isc_commandline_argument, "none")) {
261				setrev = ISC_TRUE;
262				revoke = strtotime(isc_commandline_argument,
263						   now, now);
264			} else {
265				unsetrev = ISC_TRUE;
266			}
267			break;
268		case 'I':
269			if (setinact || unsetinact)
270				fatal("-I specified more than once");
271
272			if (strcasecmp(isc_commandline_argument, "none")) {
273				setinact = ISC_TRUE;
274				inactive = strtotime(isc_commandline_argument,
275						     now, now);
276			} else {
277				unsetinact = ISC_TRUE;
278			}
279			break;
280		case 'D':
281			if (setdel || unsetdel)
282				fatal("-D specified more than once");
283
284			if (strcasecmp(isc_commandline_argument, "none")) {
285				setdel = ISC_TRUE;
286				delete = strtotime(isc_commandline_argument,
287						   now, now);
288			} else {
289				unsetdel = ISC_TRUE;
290			}
291			break;
292		case 'F':
293			/* Reserved for FIPS mode */
294			/* FALLTHROUGH */
295		case '?':
296			if (isc_commandline_option != '?')
297				fprintf(stderr, "%s: invalid argument -%c\n",
298					program, isc_commandline_option);
299			/* FALLTHROUGH */
300		case 'h':
301			usage();
302
303		default:
304			fprintf(stderr, "%s: unhandled option -%c\n",
305				program, isc_commandline_option);
306			exit(1);
307		}
308	}
309
310	if (ectx == NULL)
311		setup_entropy(mctx, NULL, &ectx);
312	ret = dst_lib_init2(mctx, ectx, engine,
313			    ISC_ENTROPY_BLOCKING | ISC_ENTROPY_GOODONLY);
314	if (ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS)
315		fatal("could not initialize dst: %s",
316		      isc_result_totext(ret));
317
318	setup_logging(verbose, mctx, &log);
319
320	if (label == NULL)
321		fatal("the key label was not specified");
322	if (argc < isc_commandline_index + 1)
323		fatal("the key name was not specified");
324	if (argc > isc_commandline_index + 1)
325		fatal("extraneous arguments");
326
327	if (strchr(label, ':') == NULL &&
328	    engine != NULL && strlen(engine) != 0U) {
329		char *l;
330		int len;
331
332		len = strlen(label) + strlen(engine) + 2;
333		l = isc_mem_allocate(mctx, len);
334		if (l == NULL)
335			fatal("cannot allocate memory");
336		snprintf(l, len, "%s:%s", engine, label);
337		isc_mem_free(mctx, label);
338		label = l;
339	}
340
341	if (algname == NULL) {
342		if (use_nsec3)
343			algname = strdup(DEFAULT_NSEC3_ALGORITHM);
344		else
345			algname = strdup(DEFAULT_ALGORITHM);
346		if (algname == NULL)
347			fatal("strdup failed");
348		freeit = algname;
349		if (verbose > 0)
350			fprintf(stderr, "no algorithm specified; "
351				"defaulting to %s\n", algname);
352	}
353
354	if (strcasecmp(algname, "RSA") == 0) {
355		fprintf(stderr, "The use of RSA (RSAMD5) is not recommended.\n"
356				"If you still wish to use RSA (RSAMD5) please "
357				"specify \"-a RSAMD5\"\n");
358		return (1);
359	} else {
360		r.base = algname;
361		r.length = strlen(algname);
362		ret = dns_secalg_fromtext(&alg, &r);
363		if (ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS)
364			fatal("unknown algorithm %s", algname);
365		if (alg == DST_ALG_DH)
366			options |= DST_TYPE_KEY;
367	}
368
369	if (use_nsec3 &&
370	    alg != DST_ALG_NSEC3DSA && alg != DST_ALG_NSEC3RSASHA1 &&
371	    alg != DST_ALG_RSASHA256 && alg != DST_ALG_RSASHA512 &&
372	    alg != DST_ALG_ECCGOST) {
373		fatal("%s is incompatible with NSEC3; "
374		      "do not use the -3 option", algname);
375	}
376
377	if (type != NULL && (options & DST_TYPE_KEY) != 0) {
378		if (strcasecmp(type, "NOAUTH") == 0)
379			flags |= DNS_KEYTYPE_NOAUTH;
380		else if (strcasecmp(type, "NOCONF") == 0)
381			flags |= DNS_KEYTYPE_NOCONF;
382		else if (strcasecmp(type, "NOAUTHCONF") == 0) {
383			flags |= (DNS_KEYTYPE_NOAUTH | DNS_KEYTYPE_NOCONF);
384		}
385		else if (strcasecmp(type, "AUTHCONF") == 0)
386			/* nothing */;
387		else
388			fatal("invalid type %s", type);
389	}
390
391	if (nametype == NULL) {
392		if ((options & DST_TYPE_KEY) != 0) /* KEY */
393			fatal("no nametype specified");
394		flags |= DNS_KEYOWNER_ZONE;	/* DNSKEY */
395	} else if (strcasecmp(nametype, "zone") == 0)
396		flags |= DNS_KEYOWNER_ZONE;
397	else if ((options & DST_TYPE_KEY) != 0)	{ /* KEY */
398		if (strcasecmp(nametype, "host") == 0 ||
399			 strcasecmp(nametype, "entity") == 0)
400			flags |= DNS_KEYOWNER_ENTITY;
401		else if (strcasecmp(nametype, "user") == 0)
402			flags |= DNS_KEYOWNER_USER;
403		else
404			fatal("invalid KEY nametype %s", nametype);
405	} else if (strcasecmp(nametype, "other") != 0) /* DNSKEY */
406		fatal("invalid DNSKEY nametype %s", nametype);
407
408	rdclass = strtoclass(classname);
409
410	if (directory == NULL)
411		directory = ".";
412
413	if ((options & DST_TYPE_KEY) != 0)  /* KEY */
414		flags |= signatory;
415	else if ((flags & DNS_KEYOWNER_ZONE) != 0) { /* DNSKEY */
416		flags |= kskflag;
417		flags |= revflag;
418	}
419
420	if (protocol == -1)
421		protocol = DNS_KEYPROTO_DNSSEC;
422	else if ((options & DST_TYPE_KEY) == 0 &&
423		 protocol != DNS_KEYPROTO_DNSSEC)
424		fatal("invalid DNSKEY protocol: %d", protocol);
425
426	if ((flags & DNS_KEYFLAG_TYPEMASK) == DNS_KEYTYPE_NOKEY) {
427		if ((flags & DNS_KEYFLAG_SIGNATORYMASK) != 0)
428			fatal("specified null key with signing authority");
429	}
430
431	if ((flags & DNS_KEYFLAG_OWNERMASK) == DNS_KEYOWNER_ZONE &&
432	    alg == DNS_KEYALG_DH)
433		fatal("a key with algorithm '%s' cannot be a zone key",
434		      algname);
435
436	dns_fixedname_init(&fname);
437	name = dns_fixedname_name(&fname);
438	isc_buffer_init(&buf, argv[isc_commandline_index],
439			strlen(argv[isc_commandline_index]));
440	isc_buffer_add(&buf, strlen(argv[isc_commandline_index]));
441	ret = dns_name_fromtext(name, &buf, dns_rootname, 0, NULL);
442	if (ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS)
443		fatal("invalid key name %s: %s", argv[isc_commandline_index],
444		      isc_result_totext(ret));
445
446	isc_buffer_init(&buf, filename, sizeof(filename) - 1);
447
448	/* associate the key */
449	ret = dst_key_fromlabel(name, alg, flags, protocol,
450				rdclass, engine, label, NULL, mctx, &key);
451	isc_entropy_stopcallbacksources(ectx);
452
453	if (ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS) {
454		char namestr[DNS_NAME_FORMATSIZE];
455		char algstr[DNS_SECALG_FORMATSIZE];
456		dns_name_format(name, namestr, sizeof(namestr));
457		dns_secalg_format(alg, algstr, sizeof(algstr));
458		fatal("failed to get key %s/%s: %s\n",
459		      namestr, algstr, isc_result_totext(ret));
460		/* NOTREACHED */
461		exit(-1);
462	}
463
464	/*
465	 * Set key timing metadata (unless using -C)
466	 *
467	 * Publish and activation dates are set to "now" by default, but
468	 * can be overridden.  Creation date is always set to "now".
469	 */
470	if (!oldstyle) {
471		dst_key_settime(key, DST_TIME_CREATED, now);
472
473		if (genonly && (setpub || setact))
474			fatal("cannot use -G together with -P or -A options");
475
476		if (setpub)
477			dst_key_settime(key, DST_TIME_PUBLISH, publish);
478		else if (setact)
479			dst_key_settime(key, DST_TIME_PUBLISH, activate);
480		else if (!genonly && !unsetpub)
481			dst_key_settime(key, DST_TIME_PUBLISH, now);
482
483		if (setact)
484			dst_key_settime(key, DST_TIME_ACTIVATE, activate);
485		else if (!genonly && !unsetact)
486			dst_key_settime(key, DST_TIME_ACTIVATE, now);
487
488		if (setrev) {
489			if (kskflag == 0)
490				fprintf(stderr, "%s: warning: Key is "
491					"not flagged as a KSK, but -R "
492					"was used. Revoking a ZSK is "
493					"legal, but undefined.\n",
494					program);
495			dst_key_settime(key, DST_TIME_REVOKE, revoke);
496		}
497
498		if (setinact)
499			dst_key_settime(key, DST_TIME_INACTIVE, inactive);
500
501		if (setdel)
502			dst_key_settime(key, DST_TIME_DELETE, delete);
503	} else {
504		if (setpub || setact || setrev || setinact ||
505		    setdel || unsetpub || unsetact ||
506		    unsetrev || unsetinact || unsetdel || genonly)
507			fatal("cannot use -C together with "
508			      "-P, -A, -R, -I, -D, or -G options");
509		/*
510		 * Compatibility mode: Private-key-format
511		 * should be set to 1.2.
512		 */
513		dst_key_setprivateformat(key, 1, 2);
514	}
515
516	/*
517	 * Do not overwrite an existing key.  Warn LOUDLY if there
518	 * is a risk of ID collision due to this key or another key
519	 * being revoked.
520	 */
521	if (key_collision(key, name, directory, mctx, &exact)) {
522		isc_buffer_clear(&buf);
523		ret = dst_key_buildfilename(key, 0, directory, &buf);
524		if (ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS)
525			fatal("dst_key_buildfilename returned: %s\n",
526			      isc_result_totext(ret));
527		if (exact)
528			fatal("%s: %s already exists\n", program, filename);
529
530		if (avoid_collisions)
531			fatal("%s: %s could collide with another key upon "
532			      "revokation\n", program, filename);
533
534		fprintf(stderr, "%s: WARNING: Key %s could collide with "
535				"another key upon revokation.  If you plan "
536				"to revoke keys, destroy this key and "
537				"generate a different one.\n",
538				program, filename);
539	}
540
541	ret = dst_key_tofile(key, options, directory);
542	if (ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS) {
543		char keystr[DST_KEY_FORMATSIZE];
544		dst_key_format(key, keystr, sizeof(keystr));
545		fatal("failed to write key %s: %s\n", keystr,
546		      isc_result_totext(ret));
547	}
548
549	isc_buffer_clear(&buf);
550	ret = dst_key_buildfilename(key, 0, NULL, &buf);
551	if (ret != ISC_R_SUCCESS)
552		fatal("dst_key_buildfilename returned: %s\n",
553		      isc_result_totext(ret));
554	printf("%s\n", filename);
555	dst_key_free(&key);
556
557	cleanup_logging(&log);
558	cleanup_entropy(&ectx);
559	dst_lib_destroy();
560	dns_name_destroy();
561	if (verbose > 10)
562		isc_mem_stats(mctx, stdout);
563	isc_mem_free(mctx, label);
564	isc_mem_destroy(&mctx);
565
566	if (freeit != NULL)
567		free(freeit);
568
569	return (0);
570}