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/contrib/bind9/lib/lwres/lwbuffer.c

https://bitbucket.org/freebsd/freebsd-head/
C | 361 lines | 175 code | 61 blank | 125 comment | 3 complexity | 66289fe7b291d4622f87258c046dfd14 MD5 | raw file
  1/*
  2 * Copyright (C) 2004, 2005, 2007  Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
  3 * Copyright (C) 2000, 2001  Internet Software Consortium.
  4 *
  5 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
  6 * purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
  7 * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
  8 *
  9 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH
 10 * REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
 11 * AND FITNESS.  IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT,
 12 * INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM
 13 * LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE
 14 * OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR
 15 * PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
 16 */
 17
 18/* $Id: lwbuffer.c,v 1.15 2007/06/19 23:47:22 tbox Exp $ */
 19
 20/*! \file */
 21
 22/**
 23 *    These functions provide bounds checked access to a region of memory
 24 *    where data is being read or written. They are based on, and similar
 25 *    to, the isc_buffer_ functions in the ISC library.
 26 * 
 27 *    A buffer is a region of memory, together with a set of related
 28 *    subregions. The used region and the available region are disjoint, and
 29 *    their union is the buffer's region. The used region extends from the
 30 *    beginning of the buffer region to the last used byte. The available
 31 *    region extends from one byte greater than the last used byte to the
 32 *    end of the buffer's region. The size of the used region can be changed
 33 *    using various buffer commands. Initially, the used region is empty.
 34 * 
 35 *    The used region is further subdivided into two disjoint regions: the
 36 *    consumed region and the remaining region. The union of these two
 37 *    regions is the used region. The consumed region extends from the
 38 *    beginning of the used region to the byte before the current offset (if
 39 *    any). The remaining region the current pointer to the end of the used
 40 *    region. The size of the consumed region can be changed using various
 41 *    buffer commands. Initially, the consumed region is empty.
 42 * 
 43 *    The active region is an (optional) subregion of the remaining region.
 44 *    It extends from the current offset to an offset in the remaining
 45 *    region. Initially, the active region is empty. If the current offset
 46 *    advances beyond the chosen offset, the active region will also be
 47 *    empty.
 48 * 
 49 * 
 50 * \verbatim
 51 *    /------------entire length---------------\\
 52 *    /----- used region -----\\/-- available --\\
 53 *    +----------------------------------------+
 54 *    | consumed  | remaining |                |
 55 *    +----------------------------------------+
 56 *    a           b     c     d                e
 57 * 
 58 *   a == base of buffer.
 59 *   b == current pointer.  Can be anywhere between a and d.
 60 *   c == active pointer.  Meaningful between b and d.
 61 *   d == used pointer.
 62 *   e == length of buffer.
 63 * 
 64 *   a-e == entire length of buffer.
 65 *   a-d == used region.
 66 *   a-b == consumed region.
 67 *   b-d == remaining region.
 68 *   b-c == optional active region.
 69 * \endverbatim
 70 * 
 71 *    lwres_buffer_init() initializes the lwres_buffer_t *b and assocates it
 72 *    with the memory region of size length bytes starting at location base.
 73 * 
 74 *    lwres_buffer_invalidate() marks the buffer *b as invalid. Invalidating
 75 *    a buffer after use is not required, but makes it possible to catch its
 76 *    possible accidental use.
 77 * 
 78 *    The functions lwres_buffer_add() and lwres_buffer_subtract()
 79 *    respectively increase and decrease the used space in buffer *b by n
 80 *    bytes. lwres_buffer_add() checks for buffer overflow and
 81 *    lwres_buffer_subtract() checks for underflow. These functions do not
 82 *    allocate or deallocate memory. They just change the value of used.
 83 * 
 84 *    A buffer is re-initialised by lwres_buffer_clear(). The function sets
 85 *    used , current and active to zero.
 86 * 
 87 *    lwres_buffer_first() makes the consumed region of buffer *p empty by
 88 *    setting current to zero (the start of the buffer).
 89 * 
 90 *    lwres_buffer_forward() increases the consumed region of buffer *b by n
 91 *    bytes, checking for overflow. Similarly, lwres_buffer_back() decreases
 92 *    buffer b's consumed region by n bytes and checks for underflow.
 93 * 
 94 *    lwres_buffer_getuint8() reads an unsigned 8-bit integer from *b and
 95 *    returns it. lwres_buffer_putuint8() writes the unsigned 8-bit integer
 96 *    val to buffer *b.
 97 * 
 98 *    lwres_buffer_getuint16() and lwres_buffer_getuint32() are identical to
 99 *    lwres_buffer_putuint8() except that they respectively read an unsigned
100 *    16-bit or 32-bit integer in network byte order from b. Similarly,
101 *    lwres_buffer_putuint16() and lwres_buffer_putuint32() writes the
102 *    unsigned 16-bit or 32-bit integer val to buffer b, in network byte
103 *    order.
104 * 
105 *    Arbitrary amounts of data are read or written from a lightweight
106 *    resolver buffer with lwres_buffer_getmem() and lwres_buffer_putmem()
107 *    respectively. lwres_buffer_putmem() copies length bytes of memory at
108 *    base to b. Conversely, lwres_buffer_getmem() copies length bytes of
109 *    memory from b to base.
110 */
111
112#include <config.h>
113
114#include <string.h>
115
116#include <lwres/lwbuffer.h>
117
118#include "assert_p.h"
119
120void
121lwres_buffer_init(lwres_buffer_t *b, void *base, unsigned int length)
122{
123	/*
124	 * Make 'b' refer to the 'length'-byte region starting at base.
125	 */
126
127	REQUIRE(b != NULL);
128
129	b->magic = LWRES_BUFFER_MAGIC;
130	b->base = base;
131	b->length = length;
132	b->used = 0;
133	b->current = 0;
134	b->active = 0;
135}
136
137/*  Make 'b' an invalid buffer. */
138void
139lwres_buffer_invalidate(lwres_buffer_t *b)
140{
141
142	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
143
144	b->magic = 0;
145	b->base = NULL;
146	b->length = 0;
147	b->used = 0;
148	b->current = 0;
149	b->active = 0;
150}
151
152/* Increase the 'used' region of 'b' by 'n' bytes. */
153void
154lwres_buffer_add(lwres_buffer_t *b, unsigned int n)
155{
156
157	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
158	REQUIRE(b->used + n <= b->length);
159
160	b->used += n;
161}
162
163/* Decrease the 'used' region of 'b' by 'n' bytes. */
164void
165lwres_buffer_subtract(lwres_buffer_t *b, unsigned int n)
166{
167
168	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
169	REQUIRE(b->used >= n);
170
171	b->used -= n;
172	if (b->current > b->used)
173		b->current = b->used;
174	if (b->active > b->used)
175		b->active = b->used;
176}
177
178/* Make the used region empty. */
179void
180lwres_buffer_clear(lwres_buffer_t *b)
181{
182
183	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
184
185	b->used = 0;
186	b->current = 0;
187	b->active = 0;
188}
189
190/* Make the consumed region empty. */
191void
192lwres_buffer_first(lwres_buffer_t *b)
193{
194
195	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
196
197	b->current = 0;
198}
199
200/* Increase the 'consumed' region of 'b' by 'n' bytes. */
201void
202lwres_buffer_forward(lwres_buffer_t *b, unsigned int n)
203{
204
205	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
206	REQUIRE(b->current + n <= b->used);
207
208	b->current += n;
209}
210
211/* Decrease the 'consumed' region of 'b' by 'n' bytes. */
212void
213lwres_buffer_back(lwres_buffer_t *b, unsigned int n)
214{
215
216	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
217	REQUIRE(n <= b->current);
218
219	b->current -= n;
220}
221
222/* Read an unsigned 8-bit integer from 'b' and return it. */
223lwres_uint8_t
224lwres_buffer_getuint8(lwres_buffer_t *b)
225{
226	unsigned char *cp;
227	lwres_uint8_t result;
228
229
230	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
231	REQUIRE(b->used - b->current >= 1);
232
233	cp = b->base;
234	cp += b->current;
235	b->current += 1;
236	result = ((unsigned int)(cp[0]));
237
238	return (result);
239}
240
241/* Put an unsigned 8-bit integer */
242void
243lwres_buffer_putuint8(lwres_buffer_t *b, lwres_uint8_t val)
244{
245	unsigned char *cp;
246
247	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
248	REQUIRE(b->used + 1 <= b->length);
249
250	cp = b->base;
251	cp += b->used;
252	b->used += 1;
253	cp[0] = (val & 0x00ff);
254}
255
256/*  Read an unsigned 16-bit integer in network byte order from 'b', convert it to host byte order, and return it. */
257lwres_uint16_t
258lwres_buffer_getuint16(lwres_buffer_t *b)
259{
260	unsigned char *cp;
261	lwres_uint16_t result;
262
263
264	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
265	REQUIRE(b->used - b->current >= 2);
266
267	cp = b->base;
268	cp += b->current;
269	b->current += 2;
270	result = ((unsigned int)(cp[0])) << 8;
271	result |= ((unsigned int)(cp[1]));
272
273	return (result);
274}
275
276/* Put an unsigned 16-bit integer. */
277void
278lwres_buffer_putuint16(lwres_buffer_t *b, lwres_uint16_t val)
279{
280	unsigned char *cp;
281
282	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
283	REQUIRE(b->used + 2 <= b->length);
284
285	cp = b->base;
286	cp += b->used;
287	b->used += 2;
288	cp[0] = (val & 0xff00) >> 8;
289	cp[1] = (val & 0x00ff);
290}
291
292/*  Read an unsigned 32-bit integer in network byte order from 'b', convert it to host byte order, and return it. */
293lwres_uint32_t
294lwres_buffer_getuint32(lwres_buffer_t *b)
295{
296	unsigned char *cp;
297	lwres_uint32_t result;
298
299	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
300	REQUIRE(b->used - b->current >= 4);
301
302	cp = b->base;
303	cp += b->current;
304	b->current += 4;
305	result = ((unsigned int)(cp[0])) << 24;
306	result |= ((unsigned int)(cp[1])) << 16;
307	result |= ((unsigned int)(cp[2])) << 8;
308	result |= ((unsigned int)(cp[3]));
309
310	return (result);
311}
312
313/* Put an unsigned 32-bit integer. */
314void
315lwres_buffer_putuint32(lwres_buffer_t *b, lwres_uint32_t val)
316{
317	unsigned char *cp;
318
319	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
320	REQUIRE(b->used + 4 <= b->length);
321
322	cp = b->base;
323	cp += b->used;
324	b->used += 4;
325	cp[0] = (unsigned char)((val & 0xff000000) >> 24);
326	cp[1] = (unsigned char)((val & 0x00ff0000) >> 16);
327	cp[2] = (unsigned char)((val & 0x0000ff00) >> 8);
328	cp[3] = (unsigned char)(val & 0x000000ff);
329}
330
331/* copies length bytes of memory at base to b */
332void
333lwres_buffer_putmem(lwres_buffer_t *b, const unsigned char *base,
334		    unsigned int length)
335{
336	unsigned char *cp;
337
338	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
339	REQUIRE(b->used + length <= b->length);
340
341	cp = (unsigned char *)b->base + b->used;
342	memcpy(cp, base, length);
343	b->used += length;
344}
345
346/* copies length bytes of memory at b to base */
347void
348lwres_buffer_getmem(lwres_buffer_t *b, unsigned char *base,
349		    unsigned int length)
350{
351	unsigned char *cp;
352
353	REQUIRE(LWRES_BUFFER_VALID(b));
354	REQUIRE(b->used - b->current >= length);
355
356	cp = b->base;
357	cp += b->current;
358	b->current += length;
359
360	memcpy(base, cp, length);
361}