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/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_gem.c

https://bitbucket.org/ndreys/linux-sunxi
C | 584 lines | 327 code | 90 blank | 167 comment | 46 complexity | 47be7290b34a7adf0e821b9d11b4ab7d MD5 | raw file
Possible License(s): GPL-2.0, LGPL-2.0, AGPL-1.0
  1/*
  2 * Copyright Š 2008 Intel Corporation
  3 *
  4 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
  5 * copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),
  6 * to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation
  7 * the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
  8 * and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
  9 * Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
 10 *
 11 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice (including the next
 12 * paragraph) shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the
 13 * Software.
 14 *
 15 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
 16 * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 17 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.  IN NO EVENT SHALL
 18 * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
 19 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
 20 * FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS
 21 * IN THE SOFTWARE.
 22 *
 23 * Authors:
 24 *    Eric Anholt <eric@anholt.net>
 25 *
 26 */
 27
 28#include <linux/types.h>
 29#include <linux/slab.h>
 30#include <linux/mm.h>
 31#include <linux/uaccess.h>
 32#include <linux/fs.h>
 33#include <linux/file.h>
 34#include <linux/module.h>
 35#include <linux/mman.h>
 36#include <linux/pagemap.h>
 37#include <linux/shmem_fs.h>
 38#include "drmP.h"
 39
 40/** @file drm_gem.c
 41 *
 42 * This file provides some of the base ioctls and library routines for
 43 * the graphics memory manager implemented by each device driver.
 44 *
 45 * Because various devices have different requirements in terms of
 46 * synchronization and migration strategies, implementing that is left up to
 47 * the driver, and all that the general API provides should be generic --
 48 * allocating objects, reading/writing data with the cpu, freeing objects.
 49 * Even there, platform-dependent optimizations for reading/writing data with
 50 * the CPU mean we'll likely hook those out to driver-specific calls.  However,
 51 * the DRI2 implementation wants to have at least allocate/mmap be generic.
 52 *
 53 * The goal was to have swap-backed object allocation managed through
 54 * struct file.  However, file descriptors as handles to a struct file have
 55 * two major failings:
 56 * - Process limits prevent more than 1024 or so being used at a time by
 57 *   default.
 58 * - Inability to allocate high fds will aggravate the X Server's select()
 59 *   handling, and likely that of many GL client applications as well.
 60 *
 61 * This led to a plan of using our own integer IDs (called handles, following
 62 * DRM terminology) to mimic fds, and implement the fd syscalls we need as
 63 * ioctls.  The objects themselves will still include the struct file so
 64 * that we can transition to fds if the required kernel infrastructure shows
 65 * up at a later date, and as our interface with shmfs for memory allocation.
 66 */
 67
 68/*
 69 * We make up offsets for buffer objects so we can recognize them at
 70 * mmap time.
 71 */
 72
 73/* pgoff in mmap is an unsigned long, so we need to make sure that
 74 * the faked up offset will fit
 75 */
 76
 77#if BITS_PER_LONG == 64
 78#define DRM_FILE_PAGE_OFFSET_START ((0xFFFFFFFFUL >> PAGE_SHIFT) + 1)
 79#define DRM_FILE_PAGE_OFFSET_SIZE ((0xFFFFFFFFUL >> PAGE_SHIFT) * 16)
 80#else
 81#define DRM_FILE_PAGE_OFFSET_START ((0xFFFFFFFUL >> PAGE_SHIFT) + 1)
 82#define DRM_FILE_PAGE_OFFSET_SIZE ((0xFFFFFFFUL >> PAGE_SHIFT) * 16)
 83#endif
 84
 85/**
 86 * Initialize the GEM device fields
 87 */
 88
 89int
 90drm_gem_init(struct drm_device *dev)
 91{
 92	struct drm_gem_mm *mm;
 93
 94	spin_lock_init(&dev->object_name_lock);
 95	idr_init(&dev->object_name_idr);
 96
 97	mm = kzalloc(sizeof(struct drm_gem_mm), GFP_KERNEL);
 98	if (!mm) {
 99		DRM_ERROR("out of memory\n");
100		return -ENOMEM;
101	}
102
103	dev->mm_private = mm;
104
105	if (drm_ht_create(&mm->offset_hash, 12)) {
106		kfree(mm);
107		return -ENOMEM;
108	}
109
110	if (drm_mm_init(&mm->offset_manager, DRM_FILE_PAGE_OFFSET_START,
111			DRM_FILE_PAGE_OFFSET_SIZE)) {
112		drm_ht_remove(&mm->offset_hash);
113		kfree(mm);
114		return -ENOMEM;
115	}
116
117	return 0;
118}
119
120void
121drm_gem_destroy(struct drm_device *dev)
122{
123	struct drm_gem_mm *mm = dev->mm_private;
124
125	drm_mm_takedown(&mm->offset_manager);
126	drm_ht_remove(&mm->offset_hash);
127	kfree(mm);
128	dev->mm_private = NULL;
129}
130
131/**
132 * Initialize an already allocate GEM object of the specified size with
133 * shmfs backing store.
134 */
135int drm_gem_object_init(struct drm_device *dev,
136			struct drm_gem_object *obj, size_t size)
137{
138	BUG_ON((size & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) != 0);
139
140	obj->dev = dev;
141	obj->filp = shmem_file_setup("drm mm object", size, VM_NORESERVE);
142	if (IS_ERR(obj->filp))
143		return -ENOMEM;
144
145	kref_init(&obj->refcount);
146	atomic_set(&obj->handle_count, 0);
147	obj->size = size;
148
149	return 0;
150}
151EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_gem_object_init);
152
153/**
154 * Allocate a GEM object of the specified size with shmfs backing store
155 */
156struct drm_gem_object *
157drm_gem_object_alloc(struct drm_device *dev, size_t size)
158{
159	struct drm_gem_object *obj;
160
161	obj = kzalloc(sizeof(*obj), GFP_KERNEL);
162	if (!obj)
163		goto free;
164
165	if (drm_gem_object_init(dev, obj, size) != 0)
166		goto free;
167
168	if (dev->driver->gem_init_object != NULL &&
169	    dev->driver->gem_init_object(obj) != 0) {
170		goto fput;
171	}
172	return obj;
173fput:
174	/* Object_init mangles the global counters - readjust them. */
175	fput(obj->filp);
176free:
177	kfree(obj);
178	return NULL;
179}
180EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_gem_object_alloc);
181
182/**
183 * Removes the mapping from handle to filp for this object.
184 */
185int
186drm_gem_handle_delete(struct drm_file *filp, u32 handle)
187{
188	struct drm_device *dev;
189	struct drm_gem_object *obj;
190
191	/* This is gross. The idr system doesn't let us try a delete and
192	 * return an error code.  It just spews if you fail at deleting.
193	 * So, we have to grab a lock around finding the object and then
194	 * doing the delete on it and dropping the refcount, or the user
195	 * could race us to double-decrement the refcount and cause a
196	 * use-after-free later.  Given the frequency of our handle lookups,
197	 * we may want to use ida for number allocation and a hash table
198	 * for the pointers, anyway.
199	 */
200	spin_lock(&filp->table_lock);
201
202	/* Check if we currently have a reference on the object */
203	obj = idr_find(&filp->object_idr, handle);
204	if (obj == NULL) {
205		spin_unlock(&filp->table_lock);
206		return -EINVAL;
207	}
208	dev = obj->dev;
209
210	/* Release reference and decrement refcount. */
211	idr_remove(&filp->object_idr, handle);
212	spin_unlock(&filp->table_lock);
213
214	drm_gem_object_handle_unreference_unlocked(obj);
215
216	return 0;
217}
218EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_gem_handle_delete);
219
220/**
221 * Create a handle for this object. This adds a handle reference
222 * to the object, which includes a regular reference count. Callers
223 * will likely want to dereference the object afterwards.
224 */
225int
226drm_gem_handle_create(struct drm_file *file_priv,
227		       struct drm_gem_object *obj,
228		       u32 *handlep)
229{
230	int	ret;
231
232	/*
233	 * Get the user-visible handle using idr.
234	 */
235again:
236	/* ensure there is space available to allocate a handle */
237	if (idr_pre_get(&file_priv->object_idr, GFP_KERNEL) == 0)
238		return -ENOMEM;
239
240	/* do the allocation under our spinlock */
241	spin_lock(&file_priv->table_lock);
242	ret = idr_get_new_above(&file_priv->object_idr, obj, 1, (int *)handlep);
243	spin_unlock(&file_priv->table_lock);
244	if (ret == -EAGAIN)
245		goto again;
246
247	if (ret != 0)
248		return ret;
249
250	drm_gem_object_handle_reference(obj);
251	return 0;
252}
253EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_gem_handle_create);
254
255/** Returns a reference to the object named by the handle. */
256struct drm_gem_object *
257drm_gem_object_lookup(struct drm_device *dev, struct drm_file *filp,
258		      u32 handle)
259{
260	struct drm_gem_object *obj;
261
262	spin_lock(&filp->table_lock);
263
264	/* Check if we currently have a reference on the object */
265	obj = idr_find(&filp->object_idr, handle);
266	if (obj == NULL) {
267		spin_unlock(&filp->table_lock);
268		return NULL;
269	}
270
271	drm_gem_object_reference(obj);
272
273	spin_unlock(&filp->table_lock);
274
275	return obj;
276}
277EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_gem_object_lookup);
278
279/**
280 * Releases the handle to an mm object.
281 */
282int
283drm_gem_close_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev, void *data,
284		    struct drm_file *file_priv)
285{
286	struct drm_gem_close *args = data;
287	int ret;
288
289	if (!(dev->driver->driver_features & DRIVER_GEM))
290		return -ENODEV;
291
292	ret = drm_gem_handle_delete(file_priv, args->handle);
293
294	return ret;
295}
296
297/**
298 * Create a global name for an object, returning the name.
299 *
300 * Note that the name does not hold a reference; when the object
301 * is freed, the name goes away.
302 */
303int
304drm_gem_flink_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev, void *data,
305		    struct drm_file *file_priv)
306{
307	struct drm_gem_flink *args = data;
308	struct drm_gem_object *obj;
309	int ret;
310
311	if (!(dev->driver->driver_features & DRIVER_GEM))
312		return -ENODEV;
313
314	obj = drm_gem_object_lookup(dev, file_priv, args->handle);
315	if (obj == NULL)
316		return -ENOENT;
317
318again:
319	if (idr_pre_get(&dev->object_name_idr, GFP_KERNEL) == 0) {
320		ret = -ENOMEM;
321		goto err;
322	}
323
324	spin_lock(&dev->object_name_lock);
325	if (!obj->name) {
326		ret = idr_get_new_above(&dev->object_name_idr, obj, 1,
327					&obj->name);
328		args->name = (uint64_t) obj->name;
329		spin_unlock(&dev->object_name_lock);
330
331		if (ret == -EAGAIN)
332			goto again;
333
334		if (ret != 0)
335			goto err;
336
337		/* Allocate a reference for the name table.  */
338		drm_gem_object_reference(obj);
339	} else {
340		args->name = (uint64_t) obj->name;
341		spin_unlock(&dev->object_name_lock);
342		ret = 0;
343	}
344
345err:
346	drm_gem_object_unreference_unlocked(obj);
347	return ret;
348}
349
350/**
351 * Open an object using the global name, returning a handle and the size.
352 *
353 * This handle (of course) holds a reference to the object, so the object
354 * will not go away until the handle is deleted.
355 */
356int
357drm_gem_open_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev, void *data,
358		   struct drm_file *file_priv)
359{
360	struct drm_gem_open *args = data;
361	struct drm_gem_object *obj;
362	int ret;
363	u32 handle;
364
365	if (!(dev->driver->driver_features & DRIVER_GEM))
366		return -ENODEV;
367
368	spin_lock(&dev->object_name_lock);
369	obj = idr_find(&dev->object_name_idr, (int) args->name);
370	if (obj)
371		drm_gem_object_reference(obj);
372	spin_unlock(&dev->object_name_lock);
373	if (!obj)
374		return -ENOENT;
375
376	ret = drm_gem_handle_create(file_priv, obj, &handle);
377	drm_gem_object_unreference_unlocked(obj);
378	if (ret)
379		return ret;
380
381	args->handle = handle;
382	args->size = obj->size;
383
384	return 0;
385}
386
387/**
388 * Called at device open time, sets up the structure for handling refcounting
389 * of mm objects.
390 */
391void
392drm_gem_open(struct drm_device *dev, struct drm_file *file_private)
393{
394	idr_init(&file_private->object_idr);
395	spin_lock_init(&file_private->table_lock);
396}
397
398/**
399 * Called at device close to release the file's
400 * handle references on objects.
401 */
402static int
403drm_gem_object_release_handle(int id, void *ptr, void *data)
404{
405	struct drm_gem_object *obj = ptr;
406
407	drm_gem_object_handle_unreference_unlocked(obj);
408
409	return 0;
410}
411
412/**
413 * Called at close time when the filp is going away.
414 *
415 * Releases any remaining references on objects by this filp.
416 */
417void
418drm_gem_release(struct drm_device *dev, struct drm_file *file_private)
419{
420	idr_for_each(&file_private->object_idr,
421		     &drm_gem_object_release_handle, NULL);
422
423	idr_remove_all(&file_private->object_idr);
424	idr_destroy(&file_private->object_idr);
425}
426
427void
428drm_gem_object_release(struct drm_gem_object *obj)
429{
430	fput(obj->filp);
431}
432EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_gem_object_release);
433
434/**
435 * Called after the last reference to the object has been lost.
436 * Must be called holding struct_ mutex
437 *
438 * Frees the object
439 */
440void
441drm_gem_object_free(struct kref *kref)
442{
443	struct drm_gem_object *obj = (struct drm_gem_object *) kref;
444	struct drm_device *dev = obj->dev;
445
446	BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&dev->struct_mutex));
447
448	if (dev->driver->gem_free_object != NULL)
449		dev->driver->gem_free_object(obj);
450}
451EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_gem_object_free);
452
453static void drm_gem_object_ref_bug(struct kref *list_kref)
454{
455	BUG();
456}
457
458/**
459 * Called after the last handle to the object has been closed
460 *
461 * Removes any name for the object. Note that this must be
462 * called before drm_gem_object_free or we'll be touching
463 * freed memory
464 */
465void drm_gem_object_handle_free(struct drm_gem_object *obj)
466{
467	struct drm_device *dev = obj->dev;
468
469	/* Remove any name for this object */
470	spin_lock(&dev->object_name_lock);
471	if (obj->name) {
472		idr_remove(&dev->object_name_idr, obj->name);
473		obj->name = 0;
474		spin_unlock(&dev->object_name_lock);
475		/*
476		 * The object name held a reference to this object, drop
477		 * that now.
478		*
479		* This cannot be the last reference, since the handle holds one too.
480		 */
481		kref_put(&obj->refcount, drm_gem_object_ref_bug);
482	} else
483		spin_unlock(&dev->object_name_lock);
484
485}
486EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_gem_object_handle_free);
487
488void drm_gem_vm_open(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
489{
490	struct drm_gem_object *obj = vma->vm_private_data;
491
492	drm_gem_object_reference(obj);
493
494	mutex_lock(&obj->dev->struct_mutex);
495	drm_vm_open_locked(vma);
496	mutex_unlock(&obj->dev->struct_mutex);
497}
498EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_gem_vm_open);
499
500void drm_gem_vm_close(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
501{
502	struct drm_gem_object *obj = vma->vm_private_data;
503	struct drm_device *dev = obj->dev;
504
505	mutex_lock(&dev->struct_mutex);
506	drm_vm_close_locked(vma);
507	drm_gem_object_unreference(obj);
508	mutex_unlock(&dev->struct_mutex);
509}
510EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_gem_vm_close);
511
512
513/**
514 * drm_gem_mmap - memory map routine for GEM objects
515 * @filp: DRM file pointer
516 * @vma: VMA for the area to be mapped
517 *
518 * If a driver supports GEM object mapping, mmap calls on the DRM file
519 * descriptor will end up here.
520 *
521 * If we find the object based on the offset passed in (vma->vm_pgoff will
522 * contain the fake offset we created when the GTT map ioctl was called on
523 * the object), we set up the driver fault handler so that any accesses
524 * to the object can be trapped, to perform migration, GTT binding, surface
525 * register allocation, or performance monitoring.
526 */
527int drm_gem_mmap(struct file *filp, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
528{
529	struct drm_file *priv = filp->private_data;
530	struct drm_device *dev = priv->minor->dev;
531	struct drm_gem_mm *mm = dev->mm_private;
532	struct drm_local_map *map = NULL;
533	struct drm_gem_object *obj;
534	struct drm_hash_item *hash;
535	int ret = 0;
536
537	mutex_lock(&dev->struct_mutex);
538
539	if (drm_ht_find_item(&mm->offset_hash, vma->vm_pgoff, &hash)) {
540		mutex_unlock(&dev->struct_mutex);
541		return drm_mmap(filp, vma);
542	}
543
544	map = drm_hash_entry(hash, struct drm_map_list, hash)->map;
545	if (!map ||
546	    ((map->flags & _DRM_RESTRICTED) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))) {
547		ret =  -EPERM;
548		goto out_unlock;
549	}
550
551	/* Check for valid size. */
552	if (map->size < vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) {
553		ret = -EINVAL;
554		goto out_unlock;
555	}
556
557	obj = map->handle;
558	if (!obj->dev->driver->gem_vm_ops) {
559		ret = -EINVAL;
560		goto out_unlock;
561	}
562
563	vma->vm_flags |= VM_RESERVED | VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND;
564	vma->vm_ops = obj->dev->driver->gem_vm_ops;
565	vma->vm_private_data = map->handle;
566	vma->vm_page_prot =  pgprot_writecombine(vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags));
567
568	/* Take a ref for this mapping of the object, so that the fault
569	 * handler can dereference the mmap offset's pointer to the object.
570	 * This reference is cleaned up by the corresponding vm_close
571	 * (which should happen whether the vma was created by this call, or
572	 * by a vm_open due to mremap or partial unmap or whatever).
573	 */
574	drm_gem_object_reference(obj);
575
576	vma->vm_file = filp;	/* Needed for drm_vm_open() */
577	drm_vm_open_locked(vma);
578
579out_unlock:
580	mutex_unlock(&dev->struct_mutex);
581
582	return ret;
583}
584EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_gem_mmap);