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/share/man/man5/quota.user.5

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  1.\" Copyright (c) 2001	Nik Clayton
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 24.\" $FreeBSD$
 25.\"
 26.Dd October 30, 2007
 27.Dt QUOTA.USER 5
 28.Os
 29.Sh NAME
 30.Nm quota.user , quota.group
 31.Nd per file system quota database
 32.Sh DESCRIPTION
 33Each file system with active quotas should contain a
 34.Pa quota.user
 35and
 36.Pa quota.group
 37file in the file system root.
 38These files are created by
 39.Xr quotacheck 8 ,
 40and should be edited with
 41.Xr edquota 8 .
 42It is possible to specify a different location and file name with the
 43.Dq Li userquota
 44and
 45.Dq Li groupquota
 46options in the
 47.Xr fstab 5
 48file.
 49.Pp
 50The data files contain the following information:
 51.Pp
 52.Bl -bullet -offset indent -compact
 53.It
 54Current block usage
 55.It
 56Current number of files
 57.It
 58Soft block limit
 59.It
 60Soft file limit
 61.It
 62Hard block limit
 63.It
 64Hard file limit
 65.It
 66Block grace time remaining if over the soft limit
 67.It
 68File grace time remaining if over the soft limit
 69.El
 70.Pp
 71See
 72.Xr edquota 8
 73for an explanation on the various limits and grace periods.
 74.Pp
 75During normal quota operations the
 76.Xr quotactl 2
 77interface is used to query or set quota information and the kernel
 78will maintain the data files as needed.
 79If quotas are disabled on
 80a file system, but marked as having quotas enabled in
 81.Xr fstab 5 ,
 82then the quota data files will be used directly.
 83.Pp
 84The data files are stored as an array of
 85.Dq Li struct dqblk
 86structures, as defined in
 87.In ufs/ufs/quota.h ,
 88and indexed by UID or GID.
 89The data files will be written as a sparse file if possible.
 90Data is only maintained for ids that have either non-zero usage or
 91non-zero quota limits.
 92If an attempt is made to access data for an id that would exist past the
 93end of the current data file, a quota structure with all values set
 94to zero will be created, and the data file extended as needed.
 95The
 96.Xr quotacheck 8
 97utility will truncate the data files to the minimum size needed
 98to store the highest id with either non-zero file usage or
 99non-zero quota limits.
100.Pp
101The data record for id 0 has special meaning.  If the
102.Dq Dv dqb_btime
103or
104.Dq Dv dbq_itime
105fields are non-zero, they are used to indicate the grace period on
106that file system for users who have exceeded their soft limit.
107These times can be set by
108.Xr edquota 8
109with the
110.Fl t
111flag.
112If no explicit grace period has been set with
113.Xr edquota 8 ,
114then the default value of 7 days will be used.
115The default values are defined by
116.Dv MAX_DQ_TIME
117and
118.Dv MAX_IQ_TIME
119in
120.In ufs/ufs/quota.h .
121.Sh SEE ALSO
122.Xr quota 1 ,
123.Xr quotactl 2 ,
124.Xr fstab 5 ,
125.Xr edquota 8 ,
126.Xr quotacheck 8 ,
127.Xr quotaoff 8 ,
128.Xr quotaon 8 ,
129.Xr repquota 8