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/share/man/man3/pthread_create.3

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  1.\" Copyright (c) 1996 John Birrell <jb@cimlogic.com.au>.
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 31.\" $FreeBSD$
 32.\"
 33.Dd November 4, 2006
 34.Dt PTHREAD_CREATE 3
 35.Os
 36.Sh NAME
 37.Nm pthread_create
 38.Nd create a new thread
 39.Sh LIBRARY
 40.Lb libpthread
 41.Sh SYNOPSIS
 42.In pthread.h
 43.Ft int
 44.Fn pthread_create "pthread_t *thread" "const pthread_attr_t *attr" "void *(*start_routine)(void *)" "void *arg"
 45.Sh DESCRIPTION
 46The
 47.Fn pthread_create
 48function is used to create a new thread, with attributes specified by
 49.Fa attr ,
 50within a process.
 51If
 52.Fa attr
 53is
 54.Dv NULL ,
 55the default attributes are used.
 56If the attributes specified by
 57.Fa attr
 58are modified later, the thread's attributes are not affected.
 59Upon
 60successful completion
 61.Fn pthread_create
 62will store the ID of the created thread in the location specified by
 63.Fa thread .
 64.Pp
 65The thread is created executing
 66.Fa start_routine
 67with
 68.Fa arg
 69as its sole argument.
 70If the
 71.Fa start_routine
 72returns, the effect is as if there was an implicit call to
 73.Fn pthread_exit
 74using the return value of
 75.Fa start_routine
 76as the exit status.
 77Note that the thread in which
 78.Fn main
 79was originally invoked differs from this.
 80When it returns from
 81.Fn main ,
 82the effect is as if there was an implicit call to
 83.Fn exit
 84using the return value of
 85.Fn main
 86as the exit status.
 87.Pp
 88The signal state of the new thread is initialized as:
 89.Bl -bullet -offset indent
 90.It
 91The signal mask is inherited from the creating thread.
 92.It
 93The set of signals pending for the new thread is empty.
 94.El
 95.Sh RETURN VALUES
 96If successful, the
 97.Fn pthread_create
 98function will return zero.
 99Otherwise an error number will be returned to
100indicate the error.
101.Sh ERRORS
102The
103.Fn pthread_create
104function will fail if:
105.Bl -tag -width Er
106.It Bq Er EAGAIN
107The system lacked the necessary resources to create another thread, or
108the system-imposed limit on the total number of threads in a process
109[PTHREAD_THREADS_MAX] would be exceeded.
110.It Bq Er EPERM
111The caller does not have appropriate permission to set the required scheduling
112parameters or scheduling policy.
113.It Bq Er EINVAL
114The value specified by
115.Fa attr
116is invalid.
117.El
118.Sh SEE ALSO
119.Xr fork 2 ,
120.Xr pthread_attr 3 ,
121.Xr pthread_cleanup_pop 3 ,
122.Xr pthread_cleanup_push 3 ,
123.Xr pthread_exit 3 ,
124.Xr pthread_join 3
125.Sh STANDARDS
126The
127.Fn pthread_create
128function conforms to
129.St -p1003.1-96 .