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/share/man/man4/em.4

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  1.\" Copyright (c) 2001-2003, Intel Corporation
  2.\" All rights reserved.
  3.\"
  4.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
  5.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
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 32.\" $FreeBSD$
 33.\"
 34.Dd October 11, 2011
 35.Dt EM 4
 36.Os
 37.Sh NAME
 38.Nm em
 39.Nd "Intel(R) PRO/1000 Gigabit Ethernet adapter driver"
 40.Sh SYNOPSIS
 41To compile this driver into the kernel,
 42place the following line in your
 43kernel configuration file:
 44.Bd -ragged -offset indent
 45.Cd "device em"
 46.Ed
 47.Pp
 48Alternatively, to load the driver as a
 49module at boot time, place the following line in
 50.Xr loader.conf 5 :
 51.Bd -literal -offset indent
 52if_em_load="YES"
 53.Ed
 54.Sh DESCRIPTION
 55The
 56.Nm
 57driver provides support for PCI Gigabit Ethernet adapters based on
 58the Intel 82540, 82541ER, 82541PI, 82542, 82543, 82544, 82545, 82546,
 5982546EB, 82546GB, 82547, 82571, 81572, 82573, and 82574 Ethernet
 60controller chips.
 61The driver supports Transmit/Receive checksum offload
 62and Jumbo Frames on all but 82542-based adapters.
 63Furthermore it supports TCP segmentation offload (TSO) on all adapters but
 64those based on the 82543, 82544 and 82547 controller chips.
 65The identification LEDs of the adapters supported by the
 66.Nm
 67driver can be controlled via the
 68.Xr led 4
 69API for localization purposes.
 70For further hardware information, see the
 71.Pa README
 72included with the driver.
 73.Pp
 74For questions related to hardware requirements,
 75refer to the documentation supplied with your Intel PRO/1000 adapter.
 76All hardware requirements listed apply to use with
 77.Fx .
 78.Pp
 79Support for Jumbo Frames is provided via the interface MTU setting.
 80Selecting an MTU larger than 1500 bytes with the
 81.Xr ifconfig 8
 82utility configures the adapter to receive and transmit Jumbo Frames.
 83The maximum MTU size for Jumbo Frames is 16114.
 84.Pp
 85This driver version supports VLANs.
 86The
 87.Nm
 88driver supports the following media types:
 89.Bl -tag -width ".Cm 10baseT/UTP"
 90.It Cm autoselect
 91Enables auto-negotiation for speed and duplex.
 92.It Cm 10baseT/UTP
 93Sets 10Mbps operation.
 94Use the
 95.Cm mediaopt
 96option to select
 97.Cm full-duplex
 98mode.
 99.It Cm 100baseTX
100Sets 100Mbps operation.
101Use the
102.Cm mediaopt
103option to select
104.Cm full-duplex
105mode.
106.It Cm 1000baseSX
107Sets 1000Mbps operation.
108Only
109.Cm full-duplex
110mode is supported at this speed.
111.It Cm 1000baseTX
112Sets 1000Mbps operation.
113Only
114.Cm full-duplex
115mode is supported at this speed.
116.El
117.Pp
118The
119.Nm
120driver supports the following media options:
121.Bl -tag -width ".Cm full-duplex"
122.It Cm full-duplex
123Forces full-duplex operation
124.It Cm half-duplex
125Forces half-duplex operation.
126.El
127.Pp
128Only use
129.Cm mediaopt
130to set the driver to
131.Cm full-duplex .
132If
133.Cm mediaopt
134is not specified, the driver defaults to
135.Cm half-duplex .
136.Pp
137For more information on configuring this device, see
138.Xr ifconfig 8 .
139.Sh HARDWARE
140The
141.Nm
142driver supports Gigabit Ethernet adapters based on the Intel
14382540, 82541ER, 82541PI, 82542, 82543, 82544, 82545, 82546, 82546EB,
14482546GB, 82547, 82571, 82572, 82573, and 82574 controller chips:
145.Pp
146.Bl -bullet -compact
147.It
148Intel PRO/1000 CT Network Connection (82547)
149.It
150Intel PRO/1000 F Server Adapter (82543)
151.It
152Intel PRO/1000 Gigabit Server Adapter (82542)
153.It
154Intel PRO/1000 GT Desktop Adapter (82541PI)
155.It
156Intel PRO/1000 MF Dual Port Server Adapter (82546)
157.It
158Intel PRO/1000 MF Server Adapter (82545)
159.It
160Intel PRO/1000 MF Server Adapter (LX) (82545)
161.It
162Intel PRO/1000 MT Desktop Adapter (82540)
163.It
164Intel PRO/1000 MT Desktop Adapter (82541)
165.It
166Intel PRO/1000 MT Dual Port Server Adapter (82546)
167.It
168Intel PRO/1000 MT Quad Port Server Adapter (82546EB)
169.It
170Intel PRO/1000 MT Server Adapter (82545)
171.It
172Intel PRO/1000 PF Dual Port Server Adapter (82571)
173.It
174Intel PRO/1000 PF Quad Port Server Adapter (82571)
175.It
176Intel PRO/1000 PF Server Adapter (82572)
177.It
178Intel PRO/1000 PT Desktop Adapter (82572)
179.It
180Intel PRO/1000 PT Dual Port Server Adapter (82571)
181.It
182Intel PRO/1000 PT Quad Port Server Adapter (82571)
183.It
184Intel PRO/1000 PT Server Adapter (82572)
185.It
186Intel PRO/1000 T Desktop Adapter (82544)
187.It
188Intel PRO/1000 T Server Adapter (82543)
189.It
190Intel PRO/1000 XF Server Adapter (82544)
191.It
192Intel PRO/1000 XT Server Adapter (82544)
193.El
194.Sh LOADER TUNABLES
195Tunables can be set at the
196.Xr loader 8
197prompt before booting the kernel or stored in
198.Xr loader.conf 5 .
199.Bl -tag -width indent
200.It Va hw.em.rxd
201Number of receive descriptors allocated by the driver.
202The default value is 1024 for adapters newer than 82547,
203and 256 for older ones.
204The 82542 and 82543-based adapters can handle up to 256 descriptors,
205while others can have up to 4096.
206.It Va hw.em.txd
207Number of transmit descriptors allocated by the driver.
208The default value is 1024 for adapters newer than 82547,
209and 256 for older ones.
210The 82542 and 82543-based adapters can handle up to 256 descriptors,
211while others can have up to 4096.
212.It Va hw.em.rx_int_delay
213This value delays the generation of receive interrupts in units of
2141.024 microseconds.
215The default value is 0, since adapters may hang with this feature
216being enabled.
217.It Va hw.em.rx_abs_int_delay
218If
219.Va hw.em.rx_int_delay
220is non-zero, this tunable limits the maximum delay in which a receive
221interrupt is generated.
222.It Va hw.em.tx_int_delay
223This value delays the generation of transmit interrupts in units of
2241.024 microseconds.
225The default value is 64.
226.It Va hw.em.tx_abs_int_delay
227If
228.Va hw.em.tx_int_delay
229is non-zero, this tunable limits the maximum delay in which a transmit
230interrupt is generated.
231.El
232.Sh FILES
233.Bl -tag -width /dev/led/em*
234.It Pa /dev/led/em*
235identification LED device nodes
236.El
237.Sh EXAMPLES
238Make the identification LED of em0 blink:
239.Pp
240.Dl "echo f2 > /dev/led/em0"
241.Pp
242Turn the identification LED of em0 off again:
243.Pp
244.Dl "echo 0 > /dev/led/em0"
245.Sh DIAGNOSTICS
246.Bl -diag
247.It "em%d: Unable to allocate bus resource: memory"
248A fatal initialization error has occurred.
249.It "em%d: Unable to allocate bus resource: interrupt"
250A fatal initialization error has occurred.
251.It "em%d: watchdog timeout -- resetting"
252The device has stopped responding to the network, or there is a problem with
253the network connection (cable).
254.El
255.Sh SUPPORT
256For general information and support,
257go to the Intel support website at:
258.Pa http://support.intel.com .
259.Pp
260If an issue is identified with the released source code on the supported kernel
261with a supported adapter, email the specific information related to the
262issue to
263.Aq freebsdnic@mailbox.intel.com .
264.Sh SEE ALSO
265.Xr altq 4 ,
266.Xr arp 4 ,
267.Xr igb 4 ,
268.Xr led 4 ,
269.Xr netintro 4 ,
270.Xr ng_ether 4 ,
271.Xr polling 4 ,
272.Xr vlan 4 ,
273.Xr ifconfig 8
274.Sh HISTORY
275The
276.Nm
277device driver first appeared in
278.Fx 4.4 .
279.Sh AUTHORS
280The
281.Nm
282driver was written by
283.An Intel Corporation Aq freebsdnic@mailbox.intel.com .
284.Sh BUGS
285Hardware-assisted VLAN processing is disabled by default.
286You can enable it on an
287.Nm
288interface using
289.Xr ifconfig 8 .