PageRenderTime 21ms CodeModel.GetById 11ms app.highlight 3ms RepoModel.GetById 2ms app.codeStats 0ms

/usr.bin/csplit/csplit.1

https://bitbucket.org/freebsd/freebsd-head/
Unknown | 169 lines | 169 code | 0 blank | 0 comment | 0 complexity | 813311d69ddc84ad154b575917eaeb53 MD5 | raw file
  1.\" Copyright (c) 2002 Tim J. Robbins.
  2.\" All rights reserved.
  3.\"
  4.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
  5.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
  6.\" are met:
  7.\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
  8.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
  9.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 10.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 11.\"    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 12.\"
 13.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 14.\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 15.\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 16.\" ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 17.\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 18.\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 19.\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 20.\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 21.\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 22.\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 23.\" SUCH DAMAGE.
 24.\"
 25.\" $FreeBSD$
 26.\"
 27.Dd December 24, 2008
 28.Dt CSPLIT 1
 29.Os
 30.Sh NAME
 31.Nm csplit
 32.Nd split files based on context
 33.Sh SYNOPSIS
 34.Nm
 35.Op Fl ks
 36.Op Fl f Ar prefix
 37.Op Fl n Ar number
 38.Ar file args ...
 39.Sh DESCRIPTION
 40The
 41.Nm
 42utility splits
 43.Ar file
 44into pieces using the patterns
 45.Ar args .
 46If
 47.Ar file
 48is
 49a dash
 50.Pq Sq Fl ,
 51.Nm
 52reads from standard input.
 53.Pp
 54Files are created with a prefix of
 55.Dq xx
 56and two decimal digits.
 57The size of each file is written to standard output
 58as it is created.
 59If an error occurs whilst files are being created,
 60or a
 61.Dv HUP ,
 62.Dv INT ,
 63or
 64.Dv TERM
 65signal is received,
 66all files previously written are removed.
 67.Pp
 68The options are as follows:
 69.Bl -tag -width indent
 70.It Fl f Ar prefix
 71Create file names beginning with
 72.Ar prefix ,
 73instead of
 74.Dq Pa xx .
 75.It Fl k
 76Do not remove previously created files if an error occurs or a
 77.Dv HUP ,
 78.Dv INT ,
 79or
 80.Dv TERM
 81signal is received.
 82.It Fl n Ar number
 83Create file names beginning with
 84.Ar number
 85of decimal digits after the prefix,
 86instead of 2.
 87.It Fl s
 88Do not write the size of each output file to standard output as it is
 89created.
 90.El
 91.Pp
 92The
 93.Ar args
 94operands may be a combination of the following patterns:
 95.Bl -tag -width indent
 96.It Xo
 97.Sm off
 98.Cm / Ar regexp Cm / Op Oo Cm + | - Oc Ar offset
 99.Sm on
100.Xc
101Create a file containing the input from the current line to (but not including)
102the next line matching the given basic regular expression.
103An optional
104.Ar offset
105from the line that matched may be specified.
106.It Xo
107.Sm off
108.Cm % Ar regexp Cm % Op Oo Cm + | - Oc Ar offset
109.Sm on
110.Xc
111Same as above but a file is not created for the output.
112.It Ar line_no
113Create containing the input from the current line to (but not including)
114the specified line number.
115.It Cm { Ns Ar num Ns Cm }
116Repeat the previous pattern the specified number of times.
117If it follows a line number pattern, a new file will be created for each
118.Ar line_no
119lines,
120.Ar num
121times.
122The first line of the file is line number 1 for historic reasons.
123.El
124.Pp
125After all the patterns have been processed, the remaining input data
126(if there is any) will be written to a new file.
127.Pp
128Requesting to split at a line before the current line number or past the
129end of the file will result in an error.
130.Sh ENVIRONMENT
131The
132.Ev LANG , LC_ALL , LC_COLLATE
133and
134.Ev LC_CTYPE
135environment variables affect the execution of
136.Nm
137as described in
138.Xr environ 7 .
139.Sh EXIT STATUS
140.Ex -std
141.Sh EXAMPLES
142Split the
143.Xr mdoc 7
144file
145.Pa foo.1
146into one file for each section (up to 20):
147.Pp
148.Dl "csplit -k foo.1 '%^\e.Sh%' '/^\e.Sh/' '{20}'"
149.Pp
150Split standard input after the first 99 lines and every 100 lines thereafter:
151.Pp
152.Dl "csplit -k - 100 '{19}'"
153.Sh SEE ALSO
154.Xr sed 1 ,
155.Xr split 1 ,
156.Xr re_format 7
157.Sh STANDARDS
158The
159.Nm
160utility conforms to
161.St -p1003.1-2001 .
162.Sh HISTORY
163A
164.Nm
165command appeared in PWB UNIX.
166.Sh BUGS
167Input lines are limited to
168.Dv LINE_MAX
169(2048) bytes in length.