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/usr.bin/killall/killall.1

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  1.\" Copyright (C) 1995 by Joerg Wunsch, Dresden
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 25.\" $FreeBSD$
 26.\"
 27.Dd June 27, 2012
 28.Dt KILLALL 1
 29.Os
 30.Sh NAME
 31.Nm killall
 32.Nd kill processes by name
 33.Sh SYNOPSIS
 34.Nm
 35.Op Fl delmsvz
 36.Op Fl help
 37.Op Fl I
 38.Op Fl j Ar jail
 39.Op Fl u Ar user
 40.Op Fl t Ar tty
 41.Op Fl c Ar procname
 42.Op Fl Ar SIGNAL
 43.Op Ar procname ...
 44.Sh DESCRIPTION
 45The
 46.Nm
 47utility kills processes selected by name, as opposed to the selection by PID
 48as done by
 49.Xr kill 1 .
 50By default, it will send a
 51.Dv TERM
 52signal to all processes with a real UID identical to the
 53caller of
 54.Nm
 55that match the name
 56.Ar procname .
 57The super-user is allowed to kill any process.
 58.Pp
 59The options are as follows:
 60.Bl -tag -width ".Fl c Ar procname"
 61.It Fl d | v
 62Be more verbose about what will be done.
 63For a single
 64.Fl d
 65option, a list of the processes that will be sent the signal will be
 66printed, or a message indicating that no matching processes have been
 67found.
 68.It Fl e
 69Use the effective user ID instead of the (default) real user ID for matching
 70processes specified with the
 71.Fl u
 72option.
 73.It Fl help
 74Give a help on the command usage and exit.
 75.It Fl I
 76Request confirmation before attempting to signal each
 77process.
 78.It Fl l
 79List the names of the available signals and exit, like in
 80.Xr kill 1 .
 81.It Fl m
 82Match the argument
 83.Ar procname
 84as a (case sensitive) regular expression against the names
 85of processes found.
 86CAUTION!
 87This is dangerous, a single dot will match any process
 88running under the real UID of the caller.
 89.It Fl s
 90Show only what would be done, but do not send any signal.
 91.It Fl Ar SIGNAL
 92Send a different signal instead of the default
 93.Dv TERM .
 94The signal may be specified either as a name
 95(with or without a leading
 96.Dq Li SIG ) ,
 97or numerically.
 98.It Fl j Ar jail
 99Kill processes in the specified
100.Ar jail .
101.It Fl u Ar user
102Limit potentially matching processes to those belonging to
103the specified
104.Ar user .
105.It Fl t Ar tty
106Limit potentially matching processes to those running on
107the specified
108.Ar tty .
109.It Fl c Ar procname
110Limit potentially matching processes to those matching
111the specified
112.Ar procname .
113.It Fl z
114Do not skip zombies.
115This should not have any effect except to print a few error messages
116if there are zombie processes that match the specified pattern.
117.El
118.Sh ALL PROCESSES
119Sending a signal to all processes with the given UID
120is already supported by
121.Xr kill 1 .
122So use
123.Xr kill 1
124for this job (e.g.\&
125.Dq Li "kill -TERM -1"
126or as root
127.Dq Li "echo kill -TERM -1 | su -m <user>" ) .
128.Sh IMPLEMENTATION NOTES
129This
130.Fx
131implementation of
132.Nm
133has completely different semantics as compared to the traditional
134.Ux
135System V behavior of
136.Nm .
137The latter will kill all processes that the current user is able to
138kill, and is intended to be used by the system shutdown process only.
139.Sh EXIT STATUS
140The
141.Nm
142utility exits 0 if some processes have been found and
143signalled successfully.
144Otherwise, a status of 1 will be
145returned.
146.Sh DIAGNOSTICS
147Diagnostic messages will only be printed if requested by
148.Fl d
149options.
150.Sh SEE ALSO
151.Xr kill 1 ,
152.Xr pkill 1 ,
153.Xr sysctl 3 ,
154.Xr jail 8
155.Sh HISTORY
156The
157.Nm
158command appeared in
159.Fx 2.1 .
160It has been modeled after the
161.Nm
162command as available on other platforms.
163.Sh AUTHORS
164.An -nosplit
165The
166.Nm
167program was originally written in Perl and was contributed by
168.An Wolfram Schneider ,
169this manual page has been written by
170.An J\(:org Wunsch .
171The current version of
172.Nm
173was rewritten in C by
174.An Peter Wemm
175using
176.Xr sysctl 3 .