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/release/doc/ru_RU.KOI8-R/installation/common/trouble.sgml

https://bitbucket.org/freebsd/freebsd-head/
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  1<!--
  2	The FreeBSD Russian Documentation Project
  3
  4	$FreeBSD$
  5	$FreeBSDru: frdp/release/doc/ru_RU.KOI8-R/installation/common/trouble.sgml,v 1.5 2005/06/30 11:12:32 den Exp $
  6
  7	Original revision: 1.19
  8
  9	This file contains the comments of the old TROUBLE.TXT file.
 10-->
 11<sect1 id="trouble">
 12  <title>??????? ???????</title>
 13
 14  <sect2 id="repairing">
 15    <title>?????????????? ???????????? ????????? &os;</title>
 16
 17    <para>&os; ????????????? ????? <quote>fixit</quote> ? ??????? ????
 18      ????????? ????????? &man.sysinstall.8;.  ????? ?????????
 19      ????????? ??????, ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ???????
 20      ??????? &os;; ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ??? ???????
 21      ??????? ???????????? ????????? &os;.  ??? ????????????? ??????
 22      fixit ??? ??????????? ???? ??????? <filename>fixit.flp</filename>,
 23      ????????? ????? ?? ???????, ??? ? ??????????? ???????, ???
 24      ???????-???? ? <quote>live filesystem</quote>.  ? ?????????????
 25      ??????? &os;, ????? live filesystem ?????? ????????? ?? ????? ?
 26      ??????????.  ???????? ????????, ??? ??? ????????????? ??????
 27      fixit ????????? ????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????????????
 28      UNIX.</para>
 29
 30    <para>???? ??? ??????????? ??????? ????? ? ????? fixit.  ????????????,
 31      ??????? ????? ??????????? ? ????????????? ???????-????? &os;,
 32      ????? ??????????????? ??????? <quote>fixit</quote> ?? ????????
 33      ???? &man.sysinstall.8;.  ????? ????? ??????? ?????
 34      ????? ???? <quote>CDROM/DVD</quote>.</para>
 35
 36    <para>?????????????, ??????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ???????-?????,
 37      ?? ????? ??????????? ? ??????, ??????????? ????????? ????????? ??????
 38      ?????.  ? ?????????? ? ???????? <filename>boot.flp</filename> ?
 39      <filename>kern<replaceable>X</replaceable>.flp</filename>,
 40      ??????????? ??? ?????????, ???????? ???????
 41      <filename>fixit.flp</filename>, ??? ?? ????????, ??? ? ??????
 42      ???????.  ???????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ?????????
 43      ? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ? ???? &man.sysinstall.8;.  ????? ?????
 44      ???????? ????? <quote>fixit</quote> ?? ???????? ????
 45      &man.sysinstall.8;.  ????? ???????? ????? <quote>Floppy</quote>
 46      ? ???????? ??????? <filename>fixit.flp</filename>, ?????
 47      ???????? ??????????????? ???????????.</para>
 48
 49    <para>?????????? ???????-????? ? ??????? ??????, ?? ?? ?????????.
 50      ? ????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????? ? ???????
 51      ?????? ??? ????????, ?????????????? ???????? ?????? ? ??
 52      ???????????.  ?????? ?? ???????-????? ????????????? ???????????
 53      live filesystem ???? ????? ?????? ? ????????, ????????? ? ???????
 54      ??????? &os;.  ?? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ?????
 55      ??????, ?????????? ??????????? ?? ??????.</para>
 56
 57    <para>? ?????? ?? ???????, ????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ?
 58      ???????? <filename>/stand</filename>, ???
 59      <filename>/mnt2/stand</filename>.  ? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????, ?? ??
 60      ????????? ????? ?????????? ? ???????? <filename>/stand</filename>
 61      ??? <filename>/mnt2/rescue</filename> (?????? ? ??????? ???????????
 62      ?? live filesystem, ??????? ??????????? ?
 63      <filename>/mnt</filename>).</para>
 64
 65  </sect2>
 66
 67  <sect2>
 68    <title>????????, ? ???????? ???????? ????? ???????????? ????????????
 69      ??????????? &arch.print;</title>
 70
 71    <qandaset arch="i386">
 72      <qandaentry>
 73	<question>
 74	  <para>??? ??????? ????????? ??? ???????????? ????????????,
 75	    ??? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????????, ??? ????????
 76	    ?? ???????????.</para>
 77	</question>
 78	<answer>
 79	  <para>&os; 5.0 ? ???? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ACPI ?????????
 80	    i386, amd64 ? ia64 ??? ????????? ????????? ????????????, ???? ???? ??????
 81	    ????????? ?? ????? ????????.  ? ?????????, ? ???????? ACPI,
 82	    ??????????? ?????? ? BIOS ??? ??? ???????????? ????????? ??????.
 83	    ????????????? ACPI ????? ???? ????????? ??????????
 84	    ?????????? <quote>hint.acpi.0.disabled</quote> ?? ???????
 85	    ?????? ????????:</para>
 86
 87	  <screen>set hint.acpi.0.disabled="1"</screen>
 88
 89	  <para>??? ?????????? ???????????? ?? ????? ????????, ???????
 90	    ?????????? ???????? <literal>hint.acpi.0.disabled="1"</literal>
 91	    ? ???? <filename>/boot/loader.conf</filename>.  ??????????
 92	    ?????????? ?? ?????????? ????????? ? ??????????? &os;.</para>
 93	</answer>
 94      </qandaentry>
 95      <qandaentry arch="i386,pc98,alpha,sparc64">
 96	<question>
 97	  <para>ISA ??????????, ?????????????? ? ?????????? ???????
 98	    &os;, ?????? ?? ????????????.  ??? ??????????</para>
 99	</question>
100	<answer>
101	  <para>????????? ???????? ?????????, ????? ??? matcd, ???? ???????
102	    ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ?? ?????? ????????.  ??????
103	    ??? ??? ????????????, ?? ?????????, ????????? ???????? ????????
104	    ??? ???????????? ?????????.  ????????? ???????? ISA ?????????
105	    ???????? ? ??? ????????? ? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ???????
106	    ?????? ????????: aha, ahv, aic, bt, ed, cs, sn, ie, fe, le, ? lnc.
107	    ??? ?? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ????? 10-?? ??????????
108	    ??????? ? ??????? ? ???????????:</para>
109
110	  <screen>unset hint.foo.0.disabled</screen>
111
112	  <para>??? <replaceable>foo</replaceable> ??? ??? ????????, ???????
113	    ????????? ????????.  ??? ?????????? ????? ???? ????????? ?????????
114	    ????? ?????????????? ????? <filename>/boot/device.hints</filename>
115	    ? ???????? ??????????????? ?????? <quote>disabled</quote>.</para>
116	</answer>
117      </qandaentry>
118      <qandaentry>
119	<question>
120	  <para>????? ????????? &os; ? ?????? ??? ?????????? ? ????????
121	    ?????, ???? ??????????? ? ????????? ??????????, ?? ???????????????
122	    ? ?????????? ????:</para>
123
124	  <screen>changing root device to ad1s1a panic: cannot mount root</screen>
125	  <para>??? ?? ????  ??? ? ???? ????????</para>
126
127	  <para>??? ?? ??????
128	    <literal>bios_drive:interface(unit,partition)kernel_name</literal>,
129	    ???????????? ? boot help?</para>
130	</question>
131	<answer>
132	  <para>??? ????? ???????????? ????????, ??????????? ????
133	    ??????????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????.
134	    BIOS ?????????? ????? ????????? ??????, ???????????? ??
135	    ????????? ? &os;, ? ?????????? ????????????? ???? ???????
136	    &mdash; ??????? ??????.</para>
137
138	  <para>? ??????, ????? ??????????? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ???????,
139	    &os; ????????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????? ???.  ??????????
140	    ??? ???????????????? ????????, ? ? ????? ??? ???????????
141	    ???????? &os; ??? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???????.
142	    ???????? ???, ?????? ????? ????? ? BIOS, ??? ????? ? ?????
143	    ????? ????? ???? ? &os;.</para>
144
145	  <para>? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? IDE ?????, ?????? ????????
146	    ??? ???????? ?? ????? ???? IDE, ? ????????? &os; ????? ?? ???????
147	    ?????.  BIOS ????? ?? ??? ???? 0 ? ???? 1, ? &os; ????? ??
148	    ??? <devicename>ad0</devicename>
149	    <devicename>ad2</devicename>.</para>
150
151	  <para>&os; ????????? ?? ????? 1 ?? ????????? BIOS, ???
152	    <literal>ad</literal> ? &os; ????????? ????? 2, ????????:</para>
153
154	  <screen><userinput>1:ad(2,a)kernel</userinput></screen>
155
156	  <para>???????? ????????, ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?????????
157	    ????, ??????????????? ?????? ?? ????? (? ???????).</para>
158
159	  <para>?????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????? ?? SCSI ?????,
160	    ????? ? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? IDE ??????.
161	    ? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ? &os; ??????, ??? ????? ?????
162	    ? BIOS.  ???? ? ??? ???? ??? IDE ????? ? SCSI ????,
163	    ? BIOS ???? SCSI ????? ??? ??????? ???; ????????
164	    <literal>da</literal> ? &os; ????? ????? 0, ?.?.:</para>
165
166	  <screen><userinput>2:da(0,a)kernel</userinput></screen>
167
168	  <para>????? ???????? &os;, ??? ?? ?????? ??????????? ? ?????
169	    BIOS ????? 2, ?????????? ?????? SCSI ?????? ???????.
170	    ???? ? ??? ?????? ???? IDE ????, ??????????? ?????? ?????
171	    <quote>1:</quote>.</para>
172
173	  <para>??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ????????, ??????? ??????????
174	    ????????????, ????????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ??, ??? ???
175	    ??????????, ? ???? <filename>/boot.config</filename>,
176	    ????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????.  ???? ?? ?????
177	    ?????? ????????, &os; ?????????? ?????????? ????? ?????
178	    ? ???????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?? ???????????
179	    <literal>boot:</literal>.</para>
180	</answer>
181      </qandaentry>
182      <qandaentry>
183	<question>
184	  <para>? ??????? ?????? ???????? ? ???????? ????? ????? ?????????
185	    &os;, ?? Boot Manager ?????????? ? ???? ???????? ??????
186	    <literal>F?</literal> ? ???????? ???????????????.</para>
187	</question>
188	<answer>
189	  <para>??? ????????? &os; ????????? ???????? ????? ?
190	    Partition editor ???? ??????? ???????????.  ????????? ?
191	    Partition editor ? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????
192	    ?????.  ?? ?????? ?????????????? &os; ??? ??? ?????
193	    ???????? ?????????? ?????????.</para>
194
195	  <para>???? ?? ?? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????,
196	    ??? ?????????: ???????? ????????? ?????? DOS ? ?????? ?????
197	    ? ?????????? &os; ????? ????.  ????????? ????????? ??????
198	    ?????? DOS ? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??
199	    ????, ?????? ??? ????????.</para>
200
201	  <para>????????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????????????, ?? ????????
202	    ??? ??????????:</para>
203
204	  <blockquote>
205	    <para>???? ?? ???????????? ?????????? ?????? &os; ??? ???????
206	      ???????, ?? ??????? ??? (? ???????) ?? ???????????
207	      ????????????? ? DOS, Linux ??? ?????? ???????????? ????????,
208	      ?? ?????? ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????????
209	      ????? ????? (<quote>A</quote> ? ????????? ????????),
210	      ??? ????????????? ????????, ????? &os; ???????? ???? ????,
211	      ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ???????.  ??? ??????????
212	      ? ????????? ?? ????? ???????????, ?? ????????????? ????? ??????
213	      ??????????, ????????? ? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ????
214	      ?????? ???????????? ???????.</para>
215	  </blockquote>
216 	</answer>
217      </qandaentry>
218      <qandaentry arch="i386">
219	<question>
220	  <para>??????? &man.mcd.4; ???????, ??? ????? ?????????? ?
221	    ?????? ?????? ????? Intel EtherExpress.</para>
222	</question>
223	<answer>
224	  <para>?????????? ?????????? <quote>hint.mcd.0.disabled="1"</quote>
225	    ? <quote>hint.mcd.1.disabled="1"</quote> ?? ??????? ??????
226	    ?????????? ??? ?????? ????????????
227	    ????????? <devicename>mcd0</devicename> ?
228	    <devicename>mcd1</devicename>.  ?????? ??????, ?? ??????
229	    ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ??????????, ???????
230	    ?? ?????? ????????????.</para>
231	</answer>
232      </qandaentry>
233      <qandaentry>
234	<question>
235	  <para>??????? ??????? ????? &man.ed.4; ?? ? ????????? ????????
236	    ?????? device timeout.</para>
237	</question>
238	<answer>
239	  <para>????????, ????? ????????? ?? ?? ??? IRQ, ???????
240	    ??????? ? ????? <filename>/boot/device.hints</filename>.
241	    ??????? ed ?? ????????? ??
242	    ?????????? <quote>???????????</quote> ???????????? (????????,
243	    ???????? ? ??????? EZSETUP ? DOS), ?? ?? ????? ????????????
244	    ??????????? ?????????, ???? ?? ??????? <literal>-1</literal> ?
245	    ?????? ??????????.</para>
246
247	  <para>??? ??????????? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ???????
248	    ???????? (??????? ????????? ???? ???? ???????????), ???
249	    ??????? IRQ <literal>-1</literal> ????? ?????????
250	    <quote>hint.ed.0.irq="-1"</quote>.  ??? ??????
251	    ???? ???????????? ??????????? ????????????.</para>
252
253	  <para>????????, ???? ????? ????????? ?? IRQ 9, ??????? ?????????
254	    ???????????? ? IRQ 2, ??? ????? ???????? ???????? (????????
255	    ???? ???? VGA ????? ?????????? IRQ 2!).  ?? ?? ?????? ????????????
256	    IRQ 2 ??? 9 ???? ??? ????????.</para>
257	</answer>
258      </qandaentry>
259      <qandaentry arch="i386">
260	<question>
261	  <para>? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?????? IBM ThinkPad (tm)
262	    ? ?????????? ???????? ???????????.</para>
263	</question>
264	<answer>
265	  <para>?????? ??????? IBM ?????????? ????????????? ??????????
266	    ??????????, ??????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????????
267	    (atkbd0) ??????? ? ??????????? ?????, ?????????? ??
268	    ThinkPad.  ?????????? ???? <quote>hint.atkbd.0.flags="4"</quote>
269	    ? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????.</para>
270	</answer>
271      </qandaentry>
272      <qandaentry arch="i386,pc98,alpha,sparc64">
273	<question>
274	  <para>??? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? Intel EtherExpress 16.</para>
275	</question>
276	<answer>
277	  <para>?? ?????? ????????? ????? Intel EtherExpress 16 ?? ???????????
278	    ? ?????? ? ?????? 0xD0000, ? ?????????? ????? ????????????
279	    ?????? ? 32K ????????? ???????????? Intel ?????????
280	    <filename>softset.exe</filename>.</para>
281	</answer>
282      </qandaentry>
283      <qandaentry arch="i386">
284	<question>
285	  <para>??? ????????? ?? EISA HP Netserver, ?????????? SCSI
286	    ?????????? AIC-7xxx ?? ??????????????.</para>
287	</question>
288	<answer>
289	  <para>??? ????????? ????????, ??? ???????? ????? ??????????
290	    ? ???????.  ??? ????, ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????,
291	    ?????????? ???? <quote>hw.eisa_slots="12"</quote> ??
292	    ??????? ?????? ??????????.</para>
293	</answer>
294      </qandaentry>
295      <qandaentry arch="i386">
296	<question>
297	  <para>? ???? ????????? Panasonic AL-N1 ??? Rios Chandler Pentium
298	    ? ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????????.</para>
299	</question>
300	<answer>
301	  <para>??? ????????? ?? ???????? ????? ???
302	    <literal>i586_copyout</literal> ?
303	    <literal>i586_copyin</literal>.  ?????????? ????
304	    <quote>hint.npx.0.flags="1"</quote>.</para>
305	</answer>
306      </qandaentry>
307      <qandaentry>
308	<question>
309	  <para>? ???? ???? CMD640 IDE ?????????? ? ?? ?? ????????.</para>
310	</question>
311	<answer>
312	  <para>&os; ?? ???????????? ???? ??????????.</para>
313	</answer>
314      </qandaentry>
315      <qandaentry arch="i386">
316	<question>
317	  <para>??? ????????? ? ?????? ?? ???????? Compaq Aero, ? ???????
318	    ????????? <quote>No floppy devices found!  Please check
319	    ...</quote>.</para>
320	</question>
321	<answer>
322	  <para>Compaq ??????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ??????, ??? ??
323	    ?????????? ?????? ???? ? CMOS RAM ???????? Aero.
324	    ?????????????, ??????? ????????? ???????, ??? ???
325	    ???????????? ??????????.  ?????????? ????
326	    <quote>hint.fdc.0.flags="1"</quote>.
327	    ??? ???????? ???????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????
328	    ????????? (??? 1.44 MB ????) ??? ??????? ? CMOS.</para>
329	</answer>
330      </qandaentry>
331      <qandaentry arch="i386">
332	<question>
333	  <para>??? ????????? ?? Dell Poweredge XE,
334	    RAID ?????????? Dell DSA (Dell SCSI Array) ??
335	    ????????????.</para>
336	</question>
337	<answer>
338	  <para>????????? DSA ??? ????????????? AHA-1540 ???????? ?????
339	    ??????? ????????? EISA.  ????? ????? &os; ?????????
340	    DSA ??? Adaptec AHA-1540 SCSI ?????????? ? irq 11 ?
341	    ?????? 340.  ? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????????????
342	    DSA RAID ?????, ?? ?? ?? ??????? ???????????? ???????????
343	    ??????????? DSA, ???????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? RAID.</para>
344	</answer>
345      </qandaentry>
346      <qandaentry>
347	<question>
348	  <para>? ???? ???? IBM EtherJet PCI ?????, ??? ?????????
349	    ???????????? ????????? &man.fxp.4;, ?? ?????????? ??
350	    ????? ?? ?????????? ? ??????????? ? ???? ???.</para>
351	</question>
352	<answer>
353	  <para>?? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ?????????.  IBM ???? ?? ?????
354	    (?? ?????????? ??).  ??? ????? &mdash; ???????????
355	    Intel EtherExpress Pro/100 ? ????????? IBM, ? ??? ?????
356	    ?????? ????????? ????????.  ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ????????
357	    ?????? ? ????????? IBM Netfinity ????????.  ????????????
358	    ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????? Ethernet ????????.</para>
359	</answer>
360      </qandaentry>
361      <qandaentry arch="i386">
362	<question>
363	  <para>????? ? ?????????? ???? ?? ????? ????????? ?? IBM Netfinity
364	    3500, ??????? ?????????.</para>
365	</question>
366	<answer>
367	  <para>??? ???????? ? ?????????? Ethernet ?
368	    Netfinity 3500, ??????? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????.
369	    ??? ????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ????????? SMP ?
370	    ???? ???????.  ??? ??????????? ?????????? ??????
371	    Ethernet ??????? ? ????????????? ????? ??????? ?????????
372	    ??????????? ????????.</para>
373	</answer>
374      </qandaentry>
375      <qandaentry>
376	<question>
377	  <para>????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?? ????, ??????????? Mylex PCI
378	    RAID ????????????, ??????? ?? ????? ??????????? (????????,
379	    ? ?????????? <literal>read error</literal>).</para>
380	</question>
381	<answer>
382	  <para>??? ?????? ? ???????? Mylex, ??????? ???????? ? ?????????????
383	    ????????? ? BIOS ?????? ????????? <quote>8GB</quote>.
384	    ??????????? ????? 2GB.</para>
385	</answer>
386      </qandaentry>
387    </qandaset>
388  </sect2>
389</sect1>