speedealing /htdocs/includes/net/dns2/packet.php

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<?php
/* vim: set expandtab tabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 softtabstop=4: */

/**
 * DNS Library for handling lookups and updates. 
 *
 * PHP Version 5
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2010, Mike Pultz <mike@mikepultz.com>.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 *   * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 *   * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *     the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *     distribution.
 *
 *   * Neither the name of Mike Pultz nor the names of his contributors 
 *     may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this 
 *     software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
 * FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING,
 * BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER
 * CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRIC
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN
 * ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * @category  Networking
 * @package   Net_DNS2
 * @author    Mike Pultz <mike@mikepultz.com>
 * @copyright 2010 Mike Pultz <mike@mikepultz.com>
 * @license   http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php  BSD License
 * @version   SVN: $Id: Packet.php 179 2012-11-23 05:49:01Z mike.pultz $
 * @link      http://pear.php.net/package/Net_DNS2
 * @since     File available since Release 0.6.0
 *
 * This file contains code based off the Net::DNS Perl module by
 * Michael Fuhr.
 *
 * This is the copyright notice from the PERL Net::DNS module:
 *
 * Copyright (c) 1997-2000 Michael Fuhr.  All rights reserved.  This
 * program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the same terms as Perl itself.
 *
 */

/**
 * This is the base class that holds a standard DNS packet.
 *
 * The Net_DNS2_Packet_Request and Net_DNS2_Packet_Response classes extend this
 * class.
 *
 * @category Networking
 * @package  Net_DNS2
 * @author   Mike Pultz <mike@mikepultz.com>
 * @license  http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php  BSD License
 * @link     http://pear.php.net/package/Net_DNS2
 * @see      Net_DNS2_Packet_Request, Net_DNS2_Packet_Response
 *
 */
class Net_DNS2_Packet
{
    /*
     * the full binary data and length for this packet
     */
    public $rdata;
    public $rdlength;

    /*
     * the offset pointer used when building/parsing packets
     */
    public $offset = 0;

    /*
     * Net_DNS2_Header object with the DNS packet header
     */
    public $header;

    /*
     * array of Net_DNS2_Question objects
     *
     * used as "zone" for updates per RFC2136
     *
     */
    public $question = array();

    /*
     * array of Net_DNS2_RR Objects for Answers
     * 
     * used as "prerequisite" for updates per RFC2136
     *
     */
    public $answer = array();

    /*
     * array of Net_DNS2_RR Objects for Authority
     *
     * used as "update" for updates per RFC2136
     *
     */
    public $authority = array();

    /*
     * array of Net_DNS2_RR Objects for Addtitional
     */
    public $additional = array();

    /*
     * array of compressed labeles
     */
    private $_compressed = array();

    /**
     * magic __toString() method to return the Net_DNS2_Packet as a string
     *
     * @return string
     * @access public
     *
     */
    public function __toString()
    {
        $output = $this->header->__toString();

        foreach ($this->question as $x) {

            $output .= $x->__toString() . "\n";
        }
        foreach ($this->answer as $x) {

            $output .= $x->__toString() . "\n";
        }
        foreach ($this->authority as $x) {

            $output .= $x->__toString() . "\n";
        }
        foreach ($this->additional as $x) {

            $output .= $x->__toString() . "\n";
        }

        return $output;
    }

    /**
     * returns a full binary DNS packet
     *
     * @return string
     * @throws Net_DNS2_Exception
     * @access public
     *
     */
    public function get()
    {
        $data = $this->header->get($this);

        foreach ($this->question as $x) {

            $data .= $x->get($this);
        }
        foreach ($this->answer as $x) {

            $data .= $x->get($this);
        }
        foreach ($this->authority as $x) {

            $data .= $x->get($this);
        }
        foreach ($this->additional as $x) {

            $data .= $x->get($this);
        }

        return $data;
    }

    /**
     * applies a standard DNS name compression on the given name/offset
     *
     * This logic was based on the Net::DNS::Packet::dn_comp() function 
     * by Michanel Fuhr
     *
     * @param string  $name    the name to be compressed
     * @param integer &$offset the offset into the given packet object
     *
     * @return string
     * @access public
     *
     */
    public function compress($name, &$offset)
    {
        $names    = explode('.', $name);
        $compname = '';

        while (!empty($names)) {

            $dname = join('.', $names);

            if (isset($this->_compressed[$dname])) {

                $compname .= pack('n', 0xc000 | $this->_compressed[$dname]);
                $offset += 2;

                break;
            }

            $this->_compressed[$dname] = $offset;
            $first = array_shift($names);

            $length = strlen($first);
            if ($length <= 0) {
                continue;
            }
        
            //
            // truncate see RFC1035 2.3.1
            //
            if ($length > 63) {

                $length = 63;
                $first = substr($first, 0, $length);
            }

            $compname .= pack('Ca*', $length, $first);
            $offset += $length + 1;
        }

        if (empty($names)) {

            $compname .= pack('C', 0);
            $offset++;
        }

        return $compname;
    }

    /**
     * applies a standard DNS name compression on the given name/offset
     *
     * This logic was based on the Net::DNS::Packet::dn_comp() function 
     * by Michanel Fuhr
     *
     * @param string $name the name to be compressed
     *
     * @return string
     * @access public
     *
     */
    public static function pack($name)
    {
        $offset = 0;
        $names = explode('.', $name);
        $compname = '';

        while (!empty($names)) {

            $first = array_shift($names);
            $length = strlen($first);

            $compname .= pack('Ca*', $length, $first);
            $offset += $length + 1;
        }

        $compname .= "\0";
        $offset++;

        return $compname;
    }

    /**
     * expands the domain name stored at a given offset in a DNS Packet
     *
     * This logic was based on the Net::DNS::Packet::dn_expand() function
     * by Michanel Fuhr
     *
     * @param Net_DNS2_Packet &$packet the DNS packet to look in for the domain name
     * @param integer         &$offset the offset into the given packet object
     *
     * @return mixed either the domain name or null if it's not found.
     * @access public
     *
     */
    public static function expand(Net_DNS2_Packet &$packet, &$offset)
    {
        $name = '';

        while (1) {
            if ($packet->rdlength < ($offset + 1)) {
                return null;
            }
            
            $xlen = ord($packet->rdata[$offset]);
            if ($xlen == 0) {

                ++$offset;
                break;

            } else if (($xlen & 0xc0) == 0xc0) {
                if ($packet->rdlength < ($offset + 2)) {

                    return null;
                }

                $ptr = ord($packet->rdata[$offset]) << 8 | 
                    ord($packet->rdata[$offset+1]);
                $ptr = $ptr & 0x3fff;

                $name2 = Net_DNS2_Packet::expand($packet, $ptr);
                if (is_null($name2)) {

                    return null;
                }

                $name .= $name2;
                $offset += 2;
    
                break;
            } else {
                ++$offset;

                if ($packet->rdlength < ($offset + $xlen)) {

                    return null;
                }

                $elem = '';
                $elem = substr($packet->rdata, $offset, $xlen);
                $name .= $elem . '.';
                $offset += $xlen;
            }
        }

        return trim($name, '.');
    }

    /**
     * parses a domain label from a DNS Packet at the given offset
     *
     * @param Net_DNS2_Packet &$packet the DNS packet to look in for the domain name
     * @param integer         &$offset the offset into the given packet object
     *
     * @return mixed either the domain name or null if it's not found.
     * @access public
     *
     */
    public static function label(Net_DNS2_Packet &$packet, &$offset)
    {
        $name = '';

        if ($packet->rdlength < ($offset + 1)) {

            return null;
        }

        $xlen = ord($packet->rdata[$offset]);
        ++$offset;

        if (($xlen + $offset) > $packet->rdlength) {

            $name = substr($packet->rdata, $offset);
            $offset = $packet->rdlength;
        } else {

            $name = substr($packet->rdata, $offset, $xlen);
            $offset += $xlen;
        }

        return $name;
    }

    /**
     * copies the contents of the given packet, to the local packet object. this
     * function intentionally ignores some of the packet data.
     *
     * @param Net_DNS2_Packet $packet the DNS packet to copy the data from
     *
     * @return boolean
     * @access public
     *
     */
    public function copy(Net_DNS2_Packet $packet)
    {
        $this->header       = $packet->header;
        $this->question     = $packet->question;
        $this->answer       = $packet->answer;
        $this->authority    = $packet->authority;
        $this->additional   = $packet->additional;

        return true;
    }

    /**
     * resets the values in the current packet object
     *
     * @return boolean
     * @access public
     *
     */
    public function reset()
    {
        $this->header->id   = $this->header->nextPacketId();
        $this->rdata        = '';
        $this->rdlength     = 0;
        $this->offset       = 0;
        $this->answer       = array();
        $this->authority    = array();
        $this->additional   = array();
        $this->_compressed  = array();
    
        return true;
    }
    
    /**
     * formats an IPv6 IP address in the preferred format
     *
     * @param string $address The IPv6 IP address to format
     *
     * @return string The IPv6 IP address formatted in the new format
     * @access public
     * @deprecated function deprecated in 1.1.3
     *
     */
    public static function formatIPv6($address)
    {
        return Net_DNS2::expandIPv6($address);
    }
}

/*
 * Local variables:
 * tab-width: 4
 * c-basic-offset: 4
 * c-hanging-comment-ender-p: nil
 * End:
 */
?>
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