mono /mcs/class/System.Web.Extensions/System.Web.Script.Serialization/JavaScriptSerializer.cs

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//
// JavaScriptSerializer.cs
//
// Authors:
//   Konstantin Triger <kostat@mainsoft.com>
//   Marek Safar <marek.safar@gmail.com>
//
// (C) 2007 Mainsoft, Inc.  http://www.mainsoft.com
// Copyright 2012 Xamarin Inc.
//
// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
// a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
// "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
// without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
// distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
// permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
// the following conditions:
// 
// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
// included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
// 
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
// EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
// MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
// NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE
// LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION
// OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION
// WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
//

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using Newtonsoft.Json;
using System.IO;
using System.Collections;
using System.Reflection;
using Newtonsoft.Json.Utilities;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web.Configuration;

namespace System.Web.Script.Serialization
{
	public class JavaScriptSerializer
	{
		internal const string SerializedTypeNameKey = "__type";
		
		List<IEnumerable<JavaScriptConverter>> _converterList;
		int _maxJsonLength;
		int _recursionLimit;
		JavaScriptTypeResolver _typeResolver;
		internal static readonly JavaScriptSerializer DefaultSerializer = new JavaScriptSerializer (null, false);

		public JavaScriptSerializer () : this (null, false)
		{
		}

		public JavaScriptSerializer (JavaScriptTypeResolver resolver) : this (resolver, false)
		{
		}
		
		internal JavaScriptSerializer (JavaScriptTypeResolver resolver, bool registerConverters)
		{
			_typeResolver = resolver;

			ScriptingJsonSerializationSection section = (ScriptingJsonSerializationSection) ConfigurationManager.GetSection ("system.web.extensions/scripting/webServices/jsonSerialization");
			if (section == null) {
#if NET_3_5
				_maxJsonLength = 2097152;
#else
				_maxJsonLength = 102400;
#endif
				_recursionLimit = 100;
			} else {
				_maxJsonLength = section.MaxJsonLength;
				_recursionLimit = section.RecursionLimit;

				if (registerConverters) {
					ConvertersCollection converters = section.Converters;
					if (converters != null && converters.Count > 0) {
						var cvtlist = new List <JavaScriptConverter> ();
						Type type;
						string typeName;
						JavaScriptConverter jsc;
						
						foreach (Converter cvt in converters) {
							typeName = cvt != null ? cvt.Type : null;
							if (typeName == null)
								continue;
							
							type = HttpApplication.LoadType (typeName, true);
							if (type == null || !typeof (JavaScriptConverter).IsAssignableFrom (type))
								continue;
							
							jsc = Activator.CreateInstance (type) as JavaScriptConverter;
							cvtlist.Add (jsc);
						}
					
						RegisterConverters (cvtlist);
					}
				}
			}
		}

		
		public int MaxJsonLength {
			get {
				return _maxJsonLength;
			}
			set {
				_maxJsonLength = value;
			}
		}
		
		public int RecursionLimit {
			get {
				return _recursionLimit;
			}
			set {
				_recursionLimit = value;
			}
		}

		internal JavaScriptTypeResolver TypeResolver {
			get { return _typeResolver; }
		}
		
		public T ConvertToType<T> (object obj) {
			if (obj == null)
				return default (T);

			return (T) ConvertToType (obj, typeof (T));
		}

#if NET_4_0
		public
#else
		internal
#endif
		object ConvertToType (object obj, Type targetType)
		{
			if (obj == null)
				return null;

			if (obj is IDictionary<string, object>) {
				if (targetType == null)
					obj = EvaluateDictionary ((IDictionary<string, object>) obj);
				else {
					JavaScriptConverter converter = GetConverter (targetType);
					if (converter != null)
						return converter.Deserialize (
							EvaluateDictionary ((IDictionary<string, object>) obj),
							targetType, this);
				}

				return ConvertToObject ((IDictionary<string, object>) obj, targetType);
			}
			if (obj is ArrayList)
				return ConvertToList ((ArrayList) obj, targetType);

			if (targetType == null)
				return obj;

			Type sourceType = obj.GetType ();
			if (targetType.IsAssignableFrom (sourceType))
				return obj;

			if (targetType.IsEnum)
				if (obj is string)
					return Enum.Parse (targetType, (string) obj, true);
				else
					return Enum.ToObject (targetType, obj);

			TypeConverter c = TypeDescriptor.GetConverter (targetType);
			if (c.CanConvertFrom (sourceType)) {
				if (obj is string)
					return c.ConvertFromInvariantString ((string) obj);

				return c.ConvertFrom (obj);
			}

			/*
			 * Take care of the special case whereas in JSON an empty string ("") really means 
			 * an empty value 
			 * (see: https://bugzilla.novell.com/show_bug.cgi?id=328836)
			 */
			if ((targetType.IsGenericType) && (targetType.GetGenericTypeDefinition() == typeof(Nullable<>)))
			{
				string s = obj as String;
				if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(s))
						return null;
			}

			return Convert.ChangeType (obj, targetType);
		}

		public T Deserialize<T> (string input) {
			return ConvertToType<T> (DeserializeObjectInternal(input));
		}

		static object Evaluate (object value) {
			return Evaluate (value, false);
		}

		static object Evaluate (object value, bool convertListToArray) {
			if (value is IDictionary<string, object>)
				value = EvaluateDictionary ((IDictionary<string, object>) value, convertListToArray);
			else if (value is ArrayList)
				value = EvaluateList ((ArrayList) value, convertListToArray);
			return value;
		}

		static object EvaluateList (ArrayList e) {
			return EvaluateList (e, false);
		}

		static object EvaluateList (ArrayList e, bool convertListToArray) {
			ArrayList list = new ArrayList ();
			foreach (object value in e)
				list.Add (Evaluate (value, convertListToArray));

			return convertListToArray ? (object) list.ToArray () : list;
		}

		static IDictionary<string, object> EvaluateDictionary (IDictionary<string, object> dict) {
			return EvaluateDictionary (dict, false);
		}

		static IDictionary<string, object> EvaluateDictionary (IDictionary<string, object> dict, bool convertListToArray) {
			Dictionary<string, object> d = new Dictionary<string, object> (StringComparer.Ordinal);
			foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> entry in dict) {
				d.Add (entry.Key, Evaluate (entry.Value, convertListToArray));
			}

			return d;
		}

		static readonly Type typeofObject = typeof(object);
		static readonly Type typeofGenList = typeof (List<>);

		object ConvertToList (ArrayList col, Type type) {
			Type elementType = null;
			if (type != null && type.HasElementType)
				elementType = type.GetElementType ();

			IList list;
			if (type == null || type.IsArray || typeofObject == type || typeof (ArrayList).IsAssignableFrom (type))
				list = new ArrayList ();
			else if (ReflectionUtils.IsInstantiatableType (type))
				// non-generic typed list
				list = (IList) Activator.CreateInstance (type, true);
			else if (ReflectionUtils.IsAssignable (type, typeofGenList)) {
				if (type.IsGenericType) {
					Type [] genArgs = type.GetGenericArguments ();
					elementType = genArgs [0];
					// generic list
					list = (IList) Activator.CreateInstance (typeofGenList.MakeGenericType (genArgs));
				} else
					list = new ArrayList ();
			} else
				throw new InvalidOperationException (String.Format ("Deserializing list type '{0}' not supported.", type.GetType ().Name));

			if (list.IsReadOnly) {
				EvaluateList (col);
				return list;
			}
			
			if (elementType == null)
				elementType = typeof (object);

			foreach (object value in col)
				list.Add (ConvertToType (value, elementType));

			if (type != null && type.IsArray)
				list = ((ArrayList) list).ToArray (elementType);

			return list;
		}

		object ConvertToObject (IDictionary<string, object> dict, Type type) 
		{
			if (_typeResolver != null) {
				if (dict.Keys.Contains(SerializedTypeNameKey)) {
					// already Evaluated
					type = _typeResolver.ResolveType ((string) dict [SerializedTypeNameKey]);
				}
			}

			if (type.IsGenericType) {
				if (type.GetGenericTypeDefinition ().IsAssignableFrom (typeof (IDictionary <,>))) {
					Type[] arguments = type.GetGenericArguments ();
					if (arguments == null || arguments.Length != 2 || (arguments [0] != typeof (object) && arguments [0] != typeof (string)))
						throw new InvalidOperationException (
							"Type '" + type + "' is not not supported for serialization/deserialization of a dictionary, keys must be strings or objects.");
					if (type.IsAbstract) {
						Type dictType = typeof (Dictionary <,>);
						type = dictType.MakeGenericType (arguments [0], arguments [1]);
					}
				}
			} else if (type.IsAssignableFrom (typeof (IDictionary)))
				type = typeof (Dictionary <string, object>);
			
			object target = Activator.CreateInstance (type, true);

			foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> entry in dict) {
				object value = entry.Value;
				if (target is IDictionary) {
					Type valueType = ReflectionUtils.GetTypedDictionaryValueType (type);
					if (value != null && valueType == typeof (System.Object))
						valueType = value.GetType ();
					
					((IDictionary) target).Add (entry.Key, ConvertToType (value, valueType));
					continue;
				}
				MemberInfo [] memberCollection = type.GetMember (entry.Key, BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.IgnoreCase);
				if (memberCollection == null || memberCollection.Length == 0) {
					//must evaluate value
					Evaluate (value);
					continue;
				}

				MemberInfo member = memberCollection [0];

				if (!ReflectionUtils.CanSetMemberValue (member)) {
					//must evaluate value
					Evaluate (value);
					continue;
				}

				Type memberType = ReflectionUtils.GetMemberUnderlyingType (member);

				if (memberType.IsInterface) {
					if (memberType.IsGenericType)
						memberType = ResolveGenericInterfaceToType (memberType);
					else
						memberType = ResolveInterfaceToType (memberType);

					if (memberType == null)
						throw new InvalidOperationException ("Unable to deserialize a member, as its type is an unknown interface.");
				}
				
				ReflectionUtils.SetMemberValue (member, target, ConvertToType(value, memberType));
			}

			return target;
		}

		Type ResolveGenericInterfaceToType (Type type)
		{
			Type[] genericArgs = type.GetGenericArguments ();
			
			if (ReflectionUtils.IsSubClass (type, typeof (IDictionary <,>)))
				return typeof (Dictionary <,>).MakeGenericType (genericArgs);

			if (ReflectionUtils.IsSubClass (type, typeof (IList <>)) ||
			    ReflectionUtils.IsSubClass (type, typeof (ICollection <>)) ||
			    ReflectionUtils.IsSubClass (type, typeof (IEnumerable <>))
			)
				return typeof (List <>).MakeGenericType (genericArgs);

			if (ReflectionUtils.IsSubClass (type, typeof (IComparer <>)))
				return typeof (Comparer <>).MakeGenericType (genericArgs);

			if (ReflectionUtils.IsSubClass (type, typeof (IEqualityComparer <>)))
				return typeof (EqualityComparer <>).MakeGenericType (genericArgs);

			return null;
		}

		Type ResolveInterfaceToType (Type type)
		{
			if (typeof (IDictionary).IsAssignableFrom (type))
				return typeof (Hashtable);

			if (typeof (IList).IsAssignableFrom (type) ||
			    typeof (ICollection).IsAssignableFrom (type) ||
			    typeof (IEnumerable).IsAssignableFrom (type))
				return typeof (ArrayList);

			if (typeof (IComparer).IsAssignableFrom (type))
				return typeof (Comparer);

			return null;
		}
		
		public object DeserializeObject (string input) {
			object obj = Evaluate (DeserializeObjectInternal (input), true);
			IDictionary dictObj = obj as IDictionary;
			if (dictObj != null && dictObj.Contains(SerializedTypeNameKey)){
				if (_typeResolver == null) {
					throw new ArgumentNullException ("resolver", "Must have a type resolver to deserialize an object that has an '__type' member");
				}

				obj = ConvertToType(obj, null);
			}
			return obj; 
		}

		internal object DeserializeObjectInternal (string input) {
			return Json.Deserialize (input, this);
		}

		internal object DeserializeObjectInternal (TextReader input) {
			return Json.Deserialize (input, this);
		}

		public void RegisterConverters (IEnumerable<JavaScriptConverter> converters) {
			if (converters == null)
				throw new ArgumentNullException ("converters");

			if (_converterList == null)
				_converterList = new List<IEnumerable<JavaScriptConverter>> ();
			_converterList.Add (converters);
		}

		internal JavaScriptConverter GetConverter (Type type) {
			if (_converterList != null)
				for (int i = 0; i < _converterList.Count; i++) {
					foreach (JavaScriptConverter converter in _converterList [i])
						foreach (Type supportedType in converter.SupportedTypes)
							if (supportedType.IsAssignableFrom (type))
								return converter;
				}

			return null;
		}

		public string Serialize (object obj) {
			StringBuilder b = new StringBuilder ();
			Serialize (obj, b);
			return b.ToString ();
		}

		public void Serialize (object obj, StringBuilder output) {
			Json.Serialize (obj, this, output);
		}

		internal void Serialize (object obj, TextWriter output) {
			Json.Serialize (obj, this, output);
		}
	}
}
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