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JavaScript | 1347 lines | 638 code | 155 blank | 554 comment | 233 complexity | ef2637438b835181ccf9d4b6069cff72 MD5 | raw file
  backbone-pageable 1.3.1

  Copyright (c) 2013 Jimmy Yuen Ho Wong
  Licensed under the MIT @license.

(function (factory) {

  // CommonJS
  if (typeof exports == "object") {
    module.exports = factory(require("underscore"), require("backbone"));
  // AMD
  else if (typeof define == "function" && define.amd) {
    define(["underscore", "backbone"], factory);
  // Browser
  else if (typeof _ !== "undefined" && typeof Backbone !== "undefined") {
    var oldPageableCollection = Backbone.PageableCollection;
    var PageableCollection = Backbone.PageableCollection = factory(_, Backbone);

       __BROWSER ONLY__

       If you already have an object named `PageableCollection` attached to the
       `Backbone` module, you can use this to return a local reference to this
       Backbone.PageableCollection class and reset the name
       Backbone.PageableCollection to its previous definition.

           // The left hand side gives you a reference to this
           // Backbone.PageableCollection implementation, the right hand side
           // resets Backbone.PageableCollection to your other
           // Backbone.PageableCollection.
           var PageableCollection = Backbone.PageableCollection.noConflict();

       @member Backbone.PageableCollection
       @return {Backbone.PageableCollection}
    Backbone.PageableCollection.noConflict = function () {
      Backbone.PageableCollection = oldPageableCollection;
      return PageableCollection;

}(function (_, Backbone) {

  "use strict";

  var _extend = _.extend;
  var _omit = _.omit;
  var _clone = _.clone;
  var _each = _.each;
  var _pick = _.pick;
  var _contains = _.contains;
  var _isEmpty = _.isEmpty;
  var _pairs = _.pairs;
  var _invert = _.invert;
  var _isArray = _.isArray;
  var _isFunction = _.isFunction;
  var _isObject = _.isObject;
  var _keys = _.keys;
  var _isUndefined = _.isUndefined;
  var _result = _.result;
  var ceil = Math.ceil;
  var floor = Math.floor;
  var max = Math.max;

  var BBColProto = Backbone.Collection.prototype;

  function finiteInt (val, name) {
    if (!_.isNumber(val) || _.isNaN(val) || !_.isFinite(val) || ~~val !== val) {
      throw new TypeError("`" + name + "` must be a finite integer");
    return val;

  function queryStringToParams (qs) {
    var kvp, k, v, ls, params = {}, decode = decodeURIComponent;
    var kvps = qs.split('&');
    for (var i = 0, l = kvps.length; i < l; i++) {
      var param = kvps[i];
      kvp = param.split('='), k = kvp[0], v = kvp[1] || true;
      k = decode(k), ls = params[k];
      if (_isArray(ls)) ls.push(v);
      else if (ls) params[k] = [ls, v];
      else params[k] = v;
    return params;

  var PARAM_TRIM_RE = /[\s'"]/g;
  var URL_TRIM_RE = /[<>\s'"]/g;

     Drop-in replacement for Backbone.Collection. Supports server-side and
     client-side pagination and sorting. Client-side mode also support fully
     multi-directional synchronization of changes between pages.

     @class Backbone.PageableCollection
     @extends Backbone.Collection
  var PageableCollection = Backbone.Collection.extend({

       The container object to store all pagination states.

       You can override the default state by extending this class or specifying
       them in an `options` hash to the constructor.

       @property {Object} state

       @property {0|1} [state.firstPage=1] The first page index. Set to 0 if
       your server API uses 0-based indices. You should only override this value
       during extension, initialization or reset by the server after
       fetching. This value should be read only at other times.

       @property {number} [state.lastPage=null] The last page index. This value
       is __read only__ and it's calculated based on whether `firstPage` is 0 or
       1, during bootstrapping, fetching and resetting. Please don't change this
       value under any circumstances.

       @property {number} [state.currentPage=null] The current page index. You
       should only override this value during extension, initialization or reset
       by the server after fetching. This value should be read only at other
       times. Can be a 0-based or 1-based index, depending on whether
       `firstPage` is 0 or 1. If left as default, it will be set to `firstPage`
       on initialization.

       @property {number} [state.pageSize=25] How many records to show per
       page. This value is __read only__ after initialization, if you want to
       change the page size after initialization, you must call #setPageSize.

       @property {number} [state.totalPages=null] How many pages there are. This
       value is __read only__ and it is calculated from `totalRecords`.

       @property {number} [state.totalRecords=null] How many records there
       are. This value is __required__ under server mode. This value is optional
       for client mode as the number will be the same as the number of models
       during bootstrapping and during fetching, either supplied by the server
       in the metadata, or calculated from the size of the response.

       @property {string} [state.sortKey=null] The model attribute to use for

       @property {-1|0|1} [state.order=-1] The order to use for sorting. Specify
       -1 for ascending order or 1 for descending order. If 0, no client side
       sorting will be done and the order query parameter will not be sent to
       the server during a fetch.
    state: {
      firstPage: 1,
      lastPage: null,
      currentPage: null,
      pageSize: 25,
      totalPages: null,
      totalRecords: null,
      sortKey: null,
      order: -1

       @property {"server"|"client"|"infinite"} [mode="server"] The mode of
       operations for this collection. `"server"` paginates on the server-side,
       `"client"` paginates on the client-side and `"infinite"` paginates on the
       server-side for APIs that do not support `totalRecords`.
    mode: "server",

       A translation map to convert Backbone.PageableCollection state attributes
       to the query parameters accepted by your server API.

       You can override the default state by extending this class or specifying
       them in `options.queryParams` object hash to the constructor.

       @property {Object} queryParams
       @property {string} [queryParams.currentPage="page"]
       @property {string} [queryParams.pageSize="per_page"]
       @property {string} [queryParams.totalPages="total_pages"]
       @property {string} [queryParams.totalRecords="total_entries"]
       @property {string} [queryParams.sortKey="sort_by"]
       @property {string} [queryParams.order="order"]
       @property {string} [queryParams.directions={"-1": "asc", "1": "desc"}] A
       map for translating a Backbone.PageableCollection#state.order constant to
       the ones your server API accepts.
    queryParams: {
      currentPage: "page",
      pageSize: "per_page",
      totalPages: "total_pages",
      totalRecords: "total_entries",
      sortKey: "sort_by",
      order: "order",
      directions: {
        "-1": "asc",
        "1": "desc"


       This collection is the internal storage for the bootstrapped or fetched
       models. You can use this if you want to operate on all the pages.

       @property {Backbone.Collection} fullCollection

       Given a list of models or model attributues, bootstraps the full
       collection in client mode or infinite mode, or just the page you want in
       server mode.

       If you want to initialize a collection to a different state than the
       default, you can specify them in `options.state`. Any state parameters
       supplied will be merged with the default. If you want to change the
       default mapping from #state keys to your server API's query parameter
       names, you can specifiy an object hash in `option.queryParams`. Likewise,
       any mapping provided will be merged with the default. Lastly, all
       Backbone.Collection constructor options are also accepted.


       - Backbone.PageableCollection#state
       - Backbone.PageableCollection#queryParams
       - [Backbone.Collection#initialize](

       @param {Array.<Object>} [models]

       @param {Object} [options]

       @param {function(*, *): number} [options.comparator] If specified, this
       comparator is set to the current page under server mode, or the #fullCollection

       @param {boolean} [options.full] If `false` and either a
       `options.comparator` or `sortKey` is defined, the comparator is attached
       to the current page. Default is `true` under client or infinite mode and
       the comparator will be attached to the #fullCollection.

       @param {Object} [options.state] The state attributes overriding the defaults.

       @param {string} [options.state.sortKey] The model attribute to use for
       sorting. If specified instead of `options.comparator`, a comparator will
       be automatically created using this value, and optionally a sorting order
       specified in `options.state.order`. The comparator is then attached to
       the new collection instance.

       @param {-1|1} [options.state.order] The order to use for sorting. Specify
       -1 for ascending order and 1 for descending order.

       @param {Object} [options.queryParam]
    constructor: function (models, options) {

      Backbone.Collection.apply(this, arguments);

      options = options || {};

      var mode = this.mode = options.mode || this.mode || PageableProto.mode;

      var queryParams = _extend({}, PageableProto.queryParams, this.queryParams,
                                options.queryParams || {});

      queryParams.directions = _extend({},
                                       queryParams.directions || {});

      this.queryParams = queryParams;

      var state = this.state = _extend({}, PageableProto.state, this.state,
                                       options.state || {});

      state.currentPage = state.currentPage == null ?
        state.firstPage :

      if (!_isArray(models)) models = models ? [models] : [];

      if (mode != "server" && state.totalRecords == null && !_isEmpty(models)) {
        state.totalRecords = models.length;

      this.switchMode(mode, _extend({fetch: false,
                                     resetState: false,
                                     models: models}, options));

      var comparator = options.comparator;

      if (state.sortKey && !comparator) {
        this.setSorting(state.sortKey, state.order, options);

      if (mode != "server") {
        var fullCollection = this.fullCollection;

        if (comparator && options.full) {
          delete this.comparator;
          fullCollection.comparator = comparator;

        if (options.full) fullCollection.sort();

        // make sure the models in the current page and full collection have the
        // same references
        if (models && !_isEmpty(models)) {
          models.splice.apply(models, [0, models.length].concat(this.models));

      this._initState = _clone(this.state);

       Makes a Backbone.Collection that contains all the pages.

       @param {Array.<Object|Backbone.Model>} models
       @param {Object} options Options for Backbone.Collection constructor.
       @return {Backbone.Collection}
    _makeFullCollection: function (models, options) {

      var properties = ["url", "model", "sync", "comparator"];
      var thisProto = this.constructor.prototype;
      var i, length, prop;

      var proto = {};
      for (i = 0, length = properties.length; i < length; i++) {
        prop = properties[i];
        if (!_isUndefined(thisProto[prop])) {
          proto[prop] = thisProto[prop];

      var fullCollection = new (Backbone.Collection.extend(proto))(models, options);

      for (i = 0, length = properties.length; i < length; i++) {
        prop = properties[i];
        if (this[prop] !== thisProto[prop]) {
          fullCollection[prop] = this[prop];

      return fullCollection;

       Factory method that returns a Backbone event handler that responses to
       the `add`, `remove`, `reset`, and the `sort` events. The returned event
       handler will synchronize the current page collection and the full
       collection's models.


       @param {Backbone.PageableCollection} pageCol
       @param {Backbone.Collection} fullCol

       @return {function(string, Backbone.Model, Backbone.Collection, Object)}
       Collection event handler
    _makeCollectionEventHandler: function (pageCol, fullCol) {

      return function collectionEventHandler (event, model, collection, options) {

        var handlers = pageCol._handlers;
        _each(_keys(handlers), function (event) {
          var handler = handlers[event];
, handler);
, handler);

        var state = _clone(pageCol.state);
        var firstPage = state.firstPage;
        var currentPage = firstPage === 0 ?
          state.currentPage :
          state.currentPage - 1;
        var pageSize = state.pageSize;
        var pageStart = currentPage * pageSize, pageEnd = pageStart + pageSize;

        if (event == "add") {
          var pageIndex, fullIndex, addAt, colToAdd, options = options || {};
          if (collection == fullCol) {
            fullIndex = fullCol.indexOf(model);
            if (fullIndex >= pageStart && fullIndex < pageEnd) {
              colToAdd = pageCol;
              pageIndex = addAt = fullIndex - pageStart;
          else {
            pageIndex = pageCol.indexOf(model);
            fullIndex = pageStart + pageIndex;
            colToAdd = fullCol;
            var addAt = !_isUndefined( ?
     + pageStart :

          pageCol.state = pageCol._checkState(state);

          if (colToAdd) {
            colToAdd.add(model, _extend({}, options || {}, {at: addAt}));
            var modelToRemove = pageIndex >= pageSize ?
              model :
              !_isUndefined( && addAt < pageEnd && pageCol.length > pageSize ?
            if (modelToRemove) {
              var addHandlers = collection._events.add || [],
              popOptions = {onAdd: true};
              if (addHandlers.length) {
                var lastAddHandler = addHandlers[addHandlers.length - 1];
                var oldCallback = lastAddHandler.callback;
                lastAddHandler.callback = function () {
                  try {
                    oldCallback.apply(this, arguments);
                    pageCol.remove(modelToRemove, popOptions);
                  finally {
                    lastAddHandler.callback = oldCallback;
              else pageCol.remove(modelToRemove, popOptions);

        // remove the model from the other collection as well
        if (event == "remove") {
          if (!options.onAdd) {
            // decrement totalRecords and update totalPages and lastPage
            if (!--state.totalRecords) {
              state.totalRecords = null;
              state.totalPages = null;
            else {
              var totalPages = state.totalPages = ceil(state.totalRecords / pageSize);
              state.lastPage = firstPage === 0 ? totalPages - 1 : totalPages;
              if (state.currentPage > totalPages) state.currentPage = state.lastPage;
            pageCol.state = pageCol._checkState(state);

            var nextModel, removedIndex = options.index;
            if (collection == pageCol) {
              if (nextModel = pageCol.push(nextModel);
            else if (removedIndex >= pageStart && removedIndex < pageEnd) {
              nextModel = * (pageSize + removedIndex));
              if (nextModel) pageCol.push(nextModel);
          else delete options.onAdd;

        if (event == "reset") {
          options = collection;
          collection = model;

          // Reset that's not a result of getPage
          if (collection === pageCol && options.from == null &&
     == null) {
            var head = fullCol.models.slice(0, pageStart);
            var tail = fullCol.models.slice(pageStart + pageCol.models.length);
            fullCol.reset(head.concat(pageCol.models).concat(tail), options);
          else if (collection === fullCol) {
            if (!(state.totalRecords = fullCol.models.length)) {
              state.totalRecords = null;
              state.totalPages = null;
            if (pageCol.mode == "client") {
              state.lastPage = state.currentPage = state.firstPage;
            pageCol.state = pageCol._checkState(state);
            pageCol.reset(fullCol.models.slice(pageStart, pageEnd),
                          _extend({}, options, {parse: false}));

        if (event == "sort") {
          options = collection;
          collection = model;
          if (collection === fullCol) {
            pageCol.reset(fullCol.models.slice(pageStart, pageEnd),
                          _extend({}, options, {parse: false}));

        _each(_keys(handlers), function (event) {
          var handler = handlers[event];
          _each([pageCol, fullCol], function (col) {
            col.on(event, handler);
            var callbacks = col._events[event] || [];

       Sanity check this collection's pagination states. Only perform checks
       when all the required pagination state values are defined and not null.
       If `totalPages` is undefined or null, it is set to `totalRecords` /
       `pageSize`. `lastPage` is set according to whether `firstPage` is 0 or 1
       when no error occurs.


       @throws {TypeError} If `totalRecords`, `pageSize`, `currentPage` or
       `firstPage` is not a finite integer.

       @throws {RangeError} If `pageSize`, `currentPage` or `firstPage` is out
       of bounds.

       @return {Object} Returns the `state` object if no error was found.
    _checkState: function (state) {

      var mode = this.mode;
      var links = this.links;
      var totalRecords = state.totalRecords;
      var pageSize = state.pageSize;
      var currentPage = state.currentPage;
      var firstPage = state.firstPage;
      var totalPages = state.totalPages;

      if (totalRecords != null && pageSize != null && currentPage != null &&
          firstPage != null && (mode == "infinite" ? links : true)) {

        totalRecords = finiteInt(totalRecords, "totalRecords");
        pageSize = finiteInt(pageSize, "pageSize");
        currentPage = finiteInt(currentPage, "currentPage");
        firstPage = finiteInt(firstPage, "firstPage");

        if (pageSize < 1) {
          throw new RangeError("`pageSize` must be >= 1");

        totalPages = state.totalPages = ceil(totalRecords / pageSize);

        if (firstPage < 0 || firstPage > 1) {
          throw new RangeError("`firstPage must be 0 or 1`");

        state.lastPage = firstPage === 0 ? max(0, totalPages - 1) : totalPages;

        if (mode == "infinite") {
          if (!links[currentPage + '']) {
            throw new RangeError("No link found for page " + currentPage);
        else if (currentPage < firstPage ||
                 (totalPages > 0 &&
                  (firstPage ? currentPage > totalPages : currentPage >= totalPages))) {
          throw new RangeError("`currentPage` must be firstPage <= currentPage " +
                               (firstPage ? ">" : ">=") +
                               " totalPages if " + firstPage + "-based. Got " +
                               currentPage + '.');

      return state;

       Change the page size of this collection.

       Under most if not all circumstances, you should call this method to
       change the page size of a pageable collection because it will keep the
       pagination state sane. By default, the method will recalculate the
       current page number to one that will retain the current page's models
       when increasing the page size. When decreasing the page size, this method
       will retain the last models to the current page that will fit into the
       smaller page size.

       If `options.first` is true, changing the page size will also reset the
       current page back to the first page instead of trying to be smart.

       For server mode operations, changing the page size will trigger a #fetch
       and subsequently a `reset` event.

       For client mode operations, changing the page size will `reset` the
       current page by recalculating the current page boundary on the client

       If `options.fetch` is true, a fetch can be forced if the collection is in
       client mode.

       @param {number} pageSize The new page size to set to #state.
       @param {Object} [options] {@link #fetch} options.
       @param {boolean} [options.first=false] Reset the current page number to
       the first page if `true`.
       @param {boolean} [options.fetch] If `true`, force a fetch in client mode.

       @throws {TypeError} If `pageSize` is not a finite integer.
       @throws {RangeError} If `pageSize` is less than 1.

       @return {XMLHttpRequest|Backbone.PageableCollection} The XMLHttpRequest
       from fetch or this.
    setPageSize: function (pageSize, options) {
      pageSize = finiteInt(pageSize, "pageSize");

      options = options || {first: false};

      var state = this.state;
      var totalPages = ceil(state.totalRecords / pageSize);
      var currentPage = max(state.firstPage,
                            floor(totalPages *
                                  (state.firstPage ?
                                   state.currentPage :
                                   state.currentPage + 1) /

      state = this.state = this._checkState(_extend({}, state, {
        pageSize: pageSize,
        currentPage: options.first ? state.firstPage : currentPage,
        totalPages: totalPages

      return this.getPage(state.currentPage, _omit(options, ["first"]));

       Switching between client, server and infinite mode.

       If switching from client to server mode, the #fullCollection is emptied
       first and then deleted and a fetch is immediately issued for the current
       page from the server. Pass `false` to `options.fetch` to skip fetching.

       If switching to infinite mode, and if `options.models` is given for an
       array of models, #links will be populated with a URL per page, using the
       default URL for this collection.

       If switching from server to client mode, all of the pages are immediately
       refetched. If you have too many pages, you can pass `false` to
       `options.fetch` to skip fetching.

       If switching to any mode from infinite mode, the #links will be deleted.

       @param {"server"|"client"|"infinite"} [mode] The mode to switch to.

       @param {Object} [options]

       @param {boolean} [options.fetch=true] If `false`, no fetching is done.

       @param {boolean} [options.resetState=true] If 'false', the state is not
       reset, but checked for sanity instead.

       @return {XMLHttpRequest|Backbone.PageableCollection} The XMLHttpRequest
       from fetch or this if `options.fetch` is `false`.
    switchMode: function (mode, options) {

      if (!_contains(["server", "client", "infinite"], mode)) {
        throw new TypeError('`mode` must be one of "server", "client" or "infinite"');

      options = options || {fetch: true, resetState: true};

      var state = this.state = options.resetState ?
        _clone(this._initState) :
        this._checkState(_extend({}, this.state));

      this.mode = mode;

      var self = this;
      var fullCollection = this.fullCollection;
      var handlers = this._handlers = this._handlers || {}, handler;
      if (mode != "server" && !fullCollection) {
        fullCollection = this._makeFullCollection(options.models || []);
        fullCollection.pageableCollection = this;
        this.fullCollection = fullCollection;
        var allHandler = this._makeCollectionEventHandler(this, fullCollection);
        _each(["add", "remove", "reset", "sort"], function (event) {
          handlers[event] = handler = _.bind(allHandler, {}, event);
          self.on(event, handler);
          fullCollection.on(event, handler);
        fullCollection.comparator = this._fullComparator;
      else if (mode == "server" && fullCollection) {
        _each(_keys(handlers), function (event) {
          handler = handlers[event];
, handler);
, handler);
        delete this._handlers;
        this._fullComparator = fullCollection.comparator;
        delete this.fullCollection;

      if (mode == "infinite") {
        var links = this.links = {};
        var firstPage = state.firstPage;
        var totalPages = ceil(state.totalRecords / state.pageSize);
        var lastPage = firstPage === 0 ? max(0, totalPages - 1) : totalPages || firstPage;
        for (var i = state.firstPage; i <= lastPage; i++) {
          links[i] = this.url;
      else if (this.links) delete this.links;

      return options.fetch ?
        this.fetch(_omit(options, "fetch", "resetState")) :

       @return {boolean} `true` if this collection can page backward, `false`
    hasPrevious: function () {
      var state = this.state;
      var currentPage = state.currentPage;
      if (this.mode != "infinite") return currentPage > state.firstPage;
      return !!this.links[currentPage - 1];

       @return {boolean} `true` if this collection can page forward, `false`
    hasNext: function () {
      var state = this.state;
      var currentPage = this.state.currentPage;
      if (this.mode != "infinite") return currentPage < state.lastPage;
      return !!this.links[currentPage + 1];

       Fetch the first page in server mode, or reset the current page of this
       collection to the first page in client or infinite mode.

       @param {Object} options {@link #getPage} options.

       @return {XMLHttpRequest|Backbone.PageableCollection} The XMLHttpRequest
       from fetch or this.
    getFirstPage: function (options) {
      return this.getPage("first", options);

       Fetch the previous page in server mode, or reset the current page of this
       collection to the previous page in client or infinite mode.

       @param {Object} options {@link #getPage} options.

       @return {XMLHttpRequest|Backbone.PageableCollection} The XMLHttpRequest
       from fetch or this.
    getPreviousPage: function (options) {
      return this.getPage("prev", options);

       Fetch the next page in server mode, or reset the current page of this
       collection to the next page in client mode.

       @param {Object} options {@link #getPage} options.

       @return {XMLHttpRequest|Backbone.PageableCollection} The XMLHttpRequest
       from fetch or this.
    getNextPage: function (options) {
      return this.getPage("next", options);

       Fetch the last page in server mode, or reset the current page of this
       collection to the last page in client mode.

       @param {Object} options {@link #getPage} options.

       @return {XMLHttpRequest|Backbone.PageableCollection} The XMLHttpRequest
       from fetch or this.
    getLastPage: function (options) {
      return this.getPage("last", options);

       Given a page index, set #state.currentPage to that index. If this
       collection is in server mode, fetch the page using the updated state,
       otherwise, reset the current page of this collection to the page
       specified by `index` in client mode. If `options.fetch` is true, a fetch
       can be forced in client mode before resetting the current page. Under
       infinite mode, if the index is less than the current page, a reset is
       done as in client mode. If the index is greater than the current page
       number, a fetch is made with the results **appended** to
       #fullCollection. The current page will then be reset after fetching.

       @param {number|string} index The page index to go to, or the page name to
       look up from #links in infinite mode.
       @param {Object} [options] {@link #fetch} options or
       [reset]( options for client mode
       when `options.fetch` is `false`.
       @param {boolean} [options.fetch=false] If true, force a {@link #fetch} in
       client mode.

       @throws {TypeError} If `index` is not a finite integer under server or
       client mode, or does not yield a URL from #links under infinite mode.

       @throws {RangeError} If `index` is out of bounds.

       @return {XMLHttpRequest|Backbone.PageableCollection} The XMLHttpRequest
       from fetch or this.
    getPage: function (index, options) {

      var mode = this.mode, fullCollection = this.fullCollection;

      options = options || {fetch: false};

      var state = this.state,
      firstPage = state.firstPage,
      currentPage = state.currentPage,
      lastPage = state.lastPage,
      pageSize = state.pageSize;

      var pageNum = index;
      switch (index) {
        case "first": pageNum = firstPage; break;
        case "prev": pageNum = currentPage - 1; break;
        case "next": pageNum = currentPage + 1; break;
        case "last": pageNum = lastPage; break;
        default: pageNum = finiteInt(index, "index");

      this.state = this._checkState(_extend({}, state, {currentPage: pageNum}));

      options.from = currentPage, = pageNum;

      var pageStart = (firstPage === 0 ? pageNum : pageNum - 1) * pageSize;
      var pageModels = fullCollection && fullCollection.length ?
        fullCollection.models.slice(pageStart, pageStart + pageSize) :
      if ((mode == "client" || (mode == "infinite" && !_isEmpty(pageModels))) &&
          !options.fetch) {
        return this.reset(pageModels, _omit(options, "fetch"));

      if (mode == "infinite") options.url = this.links[pageNum];

      return this.fetch(_omit(options, "fetch"));

       Fetch the page for the provided item offset in server mode, or reset the current page of this
       collection to the page for the provided item offset in client mode.

       @param {Object} options {@link #getPage} options.

       @return {XMLHttpRequest|Backbone.PageableCollection} The XMLHttpRequest
       from fetch or this.
    getPageByOffset: function (offset, options) {
      if (offset < 0) {
        throw new RangeError("`offset must be > 0`");
      offset = finiteInt(offset);

      var page = floor(offset / this.state.pageSize);
      if (this.state.firstPage !== 0) page++;
      if (page > this.state.lastPage) page = this.state.lastPage;
      return this.getPage(page, options);

       Overidden to make `getPage` compatible with Zepto.

       @param {string} method
       @param {Backbone.Model|Backbone.Collection} model
       @param {Object} [options]

       @return {XMLHttpRequest}
    sync: function (method, model, options) {
      var self = this;
      if (self.mode == "infinite") {
        var success = options.success;
        var currentPage = self.state.currentPage;
        options.success = function (resp, status, xhr) {
          var links = self.links;
          var newLinks = self.parseLinks(resp, _extend({xhr: xhr}, options));
          if (newLinks.first) links[self.state.firstPage] = newLinks.first;
          if (newLinks.prev) links[currentPage - 1] = newLinks.prev;
          if ( links[currentPage + 1] =;
          if (success) success(resp, status, xhr);

      return (BBColProto.sync || Backbone.sync).call(self, method, model, options);

       Parse pagination links from the server response. Only valid under
       infinite mode.

       Given a response body and a XMLHttpRequest object, extract pagination
       links from them for infinite paging.

       This default implementation parses the RFC 5988 `Link` header and extract
       3 links from it - `first`, `prev`, `next`. If a `previous` link is found,
       it will be found in the `prev` key in the returned object hash. Any
       subclasses overriding this method __must__ return an object hash having
       only the keys above. If `first` is missing, the collection's default URL
       is assumed to be the `first` URL. If `prev` or `next` is missing, it is
       assumed to be `null`. An empty object hash must be returned if there are
       no links found. If either the response or the header contains information
       pertaining to the total number of records on the server,
       #state.totalRecords must be set to that number. The default
       implementation uses the `last` link from the header to calculate it.

       @param {*} resp The deserialized response body.
       @param {Object} [options]
       @param {XMLHttpRequest} [options.xhr] The XMLHttpRequest object for this
       @return {Object}
    parseLinks: function (resp, options) {
      var links = {};
      var linkHeader = options.xhr.getResponseHeader("Link");
      if (linkHeader) {
        var relations = ["first", "prev", "previous", "next", "last"];
        _each(linkHeader.split(","), function (linkValue) {
          var linkParts = linkValue.split(";");
          var url = linkParts[0].replace(URL_TRIM_RE, '');
          var params = linkParts.slice(1);
          _each(params, function (param) {
            var paramParts = param.split("=");
            var key = paramParts[0].replace(PARAM_TRIM_RE, '');
            var value = paramParts[1].replace(PARAM_TRIM_RE, '');
            if (key == "rel" && _contains(relations, value)) {
              if (value == "previous") links.prev = url;
              else links[value] = url;

        var last = links.last || '', qsi, qs;
        if (qs = (qsi = last.indexOf('?')) ? last.slice(qsi + 1) : '') {
          var params = queryStringToParams(qs);

          var state = _clone(this.state);
          var queryParams = this.queryParams;
          var pageSize = state.pageSize;

          var totalRecords = params[queryParams.totalRecords] * 1;
          var pageNum = params[queryParams.currentPage] * 1;
          var totalPages = params[queryParams.totalPages];

          if (!totalRecords) {
            if (pageNum) totalRecords = (state.firstPage === 0 ?
                                         pageNum + 1 :
                                         pageNum) * pageSize;
            else if (totalPages) totalRecords = totalPages * pageSize;

          if (totalRecords) state.totalRecords = totalRecords;

          this.state = this._checkState(state);

      delete links.last;

      return links;

       Parse server response data.

       This default implementation assumes the response data is in one of two

             {}, // Your new pagination state
             [{}, ...] // An array of JSON objects


           [{}] // An array of JSON objects

       The first structure is the preferred form because the pagination states
       may have been updated on the server side, sending them down again allows
       this collection to update its states. If the response has a pagination
       state object, it is checked for errors.

       The second structure is the

       **Note:** this method has been further simplified since 1.1.7. While
       existing #parse implementations will continue to work, new code is
       encouraged to override #parseState and #parseRecords instead.

       @param {Object} resp The deserialized response data from the server.
       @param {Object} the options for the ajax request

       @return {Array.<Object>} An array of model objects
    parse: function (resp, options) {
      var newState = this.parseState(resp, _clone(this.queryParams), _clone(this.state), options);
      if (newState) this.state = this._checkState(_extend({}, this.state, newState));
      return this.parseRecords(resp, options);

       Parse server response for server pagination state updates.

       This default implementation first checks whether the response has any
       state object as documented in #parse. If it exists, a state object is
       returned by mapping the server state keys to this pageable collection
       instance's query parameter keys using `queryParams`.

       It is __NOT__ neccessary to return a full state object complete with all
       the mappings defined in #queryParams. Any state object resulted is merged
       with a copy of the current pageable collection state and checked for
       sanity before actually updating. Most of the time, simply providing a new
       `totalRecords` value is enough to trigger a full pagination state

           parseState: function (resp, queryParams, state, options) {
             return {totalRecords: resp.total_entries};

       If you want to use header fields use:

           parseState: function (resp, queryParams, state, options) {
               return {totalRecords: options.xhr.getResponseHeader("X-total")};

       This method __MUST__ return a new state object instead of directly
       modifying the #state object. The behavior of directly modifying #state is

       @param {Object} resp The deserialized response data from the server.
       @param {Object} queryParams A copy of #queryParams.
       @param {Object} state A copy of #state.
       @param {Object} [options] The options passed through from
       `parse`. (backbone >= 0.9.10 only)

       @return {Object} A new (partial) state object.
    parseState: function (resp, queryParams, state, options) {
      if (resp && resp.length === 2 && _isObject(resp[0]) && _isArray(resp[1])) {

        var newState = _clone(state);
        var serverState = resp[0];

        _each(_pairs(_omit(queryParams, "directions")), function (kvp) {
          var k = kvp[0], v = kvp[1];
          var serverVal = serverState[v];
          if (!_isUndefined(serverVal) && !_.isNull(serverVal)) newState[k] = serverState[v];

        if (serverState.order) {
          newState.order = _invert(queryParams.directions)[serverState.order] * 1;

        return newState;

       Parse server response for an array of model objects.

       This default implementation first checks whether the response has any
       state object as documented in #parse. If it exists, the array of model
       objects is assumed to be the second element, otherwise the entire
       response is returned directly.

       @param {Object} resp The deserialized response data from the server.
       @param {Object} [options] The options passed through from the
       `parse`. (backbone >= 0.9.10 only)

       @return {Array.<Object>} An array of model objects
    parseRecords: function (resp, options) {
      if (resp && resp.length === 2 && _isObject(resp[0]) && _isArray(resp[1])) {
        return resp[1];

      return resp;

       Fetch a page from the server in server mode, or all the pages in client
       mode. Under infinite mode, the current page is refetched by default and
       then reset.

       The query string is constructed by translating the current pagination
       state to your server API query parameter using #queryParams.  The current
       page will reset after fetch.

       @param {Object} [options] Accepts all

       @return {XMLHttpRequest}
    fetch: function (options) {

      options = options || {};

      var state = this._checkState(this.state);

      var mode = this.mode;

      if (mode == "infinite" && !options.url) {
        options.url = this.links[state.currentPage];

      var data = || {};

      // dedup query params
      var url = _result(options, "url") || _result(this, "url") || '';
      var qsi = url.indexOf('?');
      if (qsi != -1) {
        _extend(data, queryStringToParams(url.slice(qsi + 1)));
        url = url.slice(0, qsi);

      options.url = url; = data;

      // map params except directions
      var queryParams = this.mode == "client" ?
        _pick(this.queryParams, "sortKey", "order") :
        _omit(_pick(this.queryParams, _keys(PageableProto.queryParams)),

      var i, kvp, k, v, kvps = _pairs(queryParams), thisCopy = _clone(this);
      for (i = 0; i < kvps.length; i++) {
        kvp = kvps[i], k = kvp[0], v = kvp[1];
        v = _isFunction(v) ? : v;
        if (state[k] != null && v != null) {
          data[v] = state[k];

      // fix up sorting parameters
      if (state.sortKey && state.order) {
        data[queryParams.order] = this.queryParams.directions[state.order + ""];
      else if (!state.sortKey) delete data[queryParams.order];

      // map extra query parameters
      var extraKvps = _pairs(_omit(this.queryParams,
      for (i = 0; i < extraKvps.length; i++) {
        kvp = extraKvps[i];
        v = kvp[1];
        v = _isFunction(v) ? : v;
        if (v != null) data[kvp[0]] = v;

      var fullCol = this.fullCollection, links = this.links;

      if (mode != "server") {

        var self = this;
        var success = options.success;
        options.success = function (col, resp, opts) {

          // make sure the caller's intent is obeyed
          opts = opts || {};
          if (_isUndefined(options.silent)) delete opts.silent;
          else opts.silent = options.silent;

          var models = col.models;
          var currentPage = state.currentPage;

          if (mode == "client") fullCol.reset(models, opts);
          else if (links[currentPage]) { // refetching a page
            var pageSize = state.pageSize;
            var pageStart = (state.firstPage === 0 ?
                             currentPage :
                             currentPage - 1) * pageSize;
            var fullModels = fullCol.models;
            var head = fullModels.slice(0, pageStart);
            var tail = fullModels.slice(pageStart + pageSize);
            fullModels = head.concat(models).concat(tail);
            var updateFunc = fullCol.set || fullCol.update;
            // Must silent update and trigger reset later because the event
            // sychronization handler is temporarily taken out during either add
            // or remove, which Collection#set does, so the pageable collection
            // will be out of sync if not silenced because adding will trigger
            // the sychonization event handler
  , fullModels, _extend({silent: true}, opts));
            fullCol.trigger("reset", fullCol, opts);
          // fetching new page
          else fullCol.add(models, _extend({at: fullCol.length}, opts));

          if (success) success(col, resp, opts);

        // silent the first reset from backbone
        return, _extend({}, options, {silent: true}));

      return, options);

       Convenient method for making a `comparator` sorted by a model attribute
       identified by `sortKey` and ordered by `order`.

       Like a Backbone.Collection, a Backbone.PageableCollection will maintain
       the __current page__ in sorted order on the client side if a `comparator`
       is attached to it. If the collection is in client mode, you can attach a
       comparator to #fullCollection to have all the pages reflect the global
       sorting order by specifying an option `full` to `true`. You __must__ call
       `sort` manually or #fullCollection.sort after calling this method to
       force a resort.

       While you can use this method to sort the current page in server mode,
       the sorting order may not reflect the global sorting order due to the
       additions or removals of the records on the server since the last
       fetch. If you want the most updated page in a global sorting order, it is
       recommended that you set #state.sortKey and optionally #state.order, and
       then call #fetch.


       @param {string} [sortKey=this.state.sortKey] See `state.sortKey`.
       @param {number} [order=this.state.order] See `state.order`.
       @param {(function(Backbone.Model, string): Object) | string} [sortValue] See #setSorting.

       See [Backbone.Collection.comparator](
    _makeComparator: function (sortKey, order, sortValue) {
      var state = this.state;

      sortKey = sortKey || state.sortKey;
      order = order || state.order;

      if (!sortKey || !order) return;

      if (!sortValue) sortValue = function (model, attr) {
        return model.get(attr);

      return function (left, right) {
        var l = sortValue(left, sortKey), r = sortValue(right, sortKey), t;
        if (order === 1) t = l, l = r, r = t;
        if (l === r) return 0;
        else if (l < r) return -1;
        return 1;

       Adjusts the sorting for this pageable collection.

       Given a `sortKey` and an `order`, sets `state.sortKey` and
       `state.order`. A comparator can be applied on the client side to sort in
       the order defined if `options.side` is `"client"`. By default the
       comparator is applied to the #fullCollection. Set `options.full` to
       `false` to apply a comparator to the current page under any mode. Setting
       `sortKey` to `null` removes the comparator from both the current page and
       the full collection.

       If a `sortValue` function is given, it will be passed the `(model,
       sortKey)` arguments and is used to extract a value from the model during
       comparison sorts. If `sortValue` is not given, `model.get(sortKey)` is
       used for sorting.


       @param {string} sortKey See `state.sortKey`.
       @param {number} [order=this.state.order] See `state.order`.
       @param {Object} [options]
       @param {"server"|"client"} [options.side] By default, `"client"` if
       `mode` is `"client"`, `"server"` otherwise.
       @param {boolean} [options.full=true]
       @param {(function(Backbone.Model, string): Object) | string} [options.sortValue]
    setSorting: function (sortKey, order, options) {

      var state = this.state;

      state.sortKey = sortKey;
      state.order = order = order || state.order;

      var fullCollection = this.fullCollection;

      var delComp = false, delFullComp = false;

      if (!sortKey) delComp = delFullComp = true;

      var mode = this.mode;
      options = _extend({side: mode == "client" ? mode : "server", full: true},

      var comparator = this._makeComparator(sortKey, order, options.sortValue);

      var full = options.full, side = options.side;

      if (side == "client") {
        if (full) {
          if (fullCollection) fullCollection.comparator = comparator;
          delComp = true;
        else {
          this.comparator = comparator;
          delFullComp = true;
      else if (side == "server" && !full) {
        this.comparator = comparator;

      if (delComp) delete this.comparator;
      if (delFullComp && fullCollection) delete fullCollection.comparator;

      return this;


  var PageableProto = PageableCollection.prototype;

  return PageableCollection;