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/tests/modeltests/expressions/tests.py

https://code.google.com/p/mango-py/
Python | 218 lines | 184 code | 18 blank | 16 comment | 0 complexity | a7cbb6148b793378af465e7b870076f0 MD5 | raw file
  1from django.core.exceptions import FieldError
  2from django.db.models import F
  3from django.test import TestCase
  4
  5from models import Company, Employee
  6
  7
  8class ExpressionsTests(TestCase):
  9    def test_filter(self):
 10        Company.objects.create(
 11            name="Example Inc.", num_employees=2300, num_chairs=5,
 12            ceo=Employee.objects.create(firstname="Joe", lastname="Smith")
 13        )
 14        Company.objects.create(
 15            name="Foobar Ltd.", num_employees=3, num_chairs=4,
 16            ceo=Employee.objects.create(firstname="Frank", lastname="Meyer")
 17        )
 18        Company.objects.create(
 19            name="Test GmbH", num_employees=32, num_chairs=1,
 20            ceo=Employee.objects.create(firstname="Max", lastname="Mustermann")
 21        )
 22
 23        company_query = Company.objects.values(
 24            "name", "num_employees", "num_chairs"
 25        ).order_by(
 26            "name", "num_employees", "num_chairs"
 27        )
 28
 29        # We can filter for companies where the number of employees is greater
 30        # than the number of chairs.
 31        self.assertQuerysetEqual(
 32            company_query.filter(num_employees__gt=F("num_chairs")), [
 33                {
 34                    "num_chairs": 5,
 35                    "name": "Example Inc.",
 36                    "num_employees": 2300,
 37                },
 38                {
 39                    "num_chairs": 1,
 40                    "name": "Test GmbH",
 41                    "num_employees": 32
 42                },
 43            ],
 44            lambda o: o
 45        )
 46
 47        # We can set one field to have the value of another field
 48        # Make sure we have enough chairs
 49        company_query.update(num_chairs=F("num_employees"))
 50        self.assertQuerysetEqual(
 51            company_query, [
 52                {
 53                    "num_chairs": 2300,
 54                    "name": "Example Inc.",
 55                    "num_employees": 2300
 56                },
 57                {
 58                    "num_chairs": 3,
 59                    "name": "Foobar Ltd.",
 60                    "num_employees": 3
 61                },
 62                {
 63                    "num_chairs": 32,
 64                    "name": "Test GmbH",
 65                    "num_employees": 32
 66                }
 67            ],
 68            lambda o: o
 69        )
 70
 71        # We can perform arithmetic operations in expressions
 72        # Make sure we have 2 spare chairs
 73        company_query.update(num_chairs=F("num_employees")+2)
 74        self.assertQuerysetEqual(
 75            company_query, [
 76                {
 77                    'num_chairs': 2302,
 78                    'name': u'Example Inc.',
 79                    'num_employees': 2300
 80                },
 81                {
 82                    'num_chairs': 5,
 83                    'name': u'Foobar Ltd.',
 84                    'num_employees': 3
 85                },
 86                {
 87                    'num_chairs': 34,
 88                    'name': u'Test GmbH',
 89                    'num_employees': 32
 90                }
 91            ],
 92            lambda o: o,
 93        )
 94
 95        # Law of order of operations is followed
 96        company_query.update(
 97            num_chairs=F('num_employees') + 2 * F('num_employees')
 98        )
 99        self.assertQuerysetEqual(
100            company_query, [
101                {
102                    'num_chairs': 6900,
103                    'name': u'Example Inc.',
104                    'num_employees': 2300
105                },
106                {
107                    'num_chairs': 9,
108                    'name': u'Foobar Ltd.',
109                    'num_employees': 3
110                },
111                {
112                    'num_chairs': 96,
113                    'name': u'Test GmbH',
114                    'num_employees': 32
115                }
116            ],
117            lambda o: o,
118        )
119
120        # Law of order of operations can be overridden by parentheses
121        company_query.update(
122            num_chairs=((F('num_employees') + 2) * F('num_employees'))
123        )
124        self.assertQuerysetEqual(
125            company_query, [
126                {
127                    'num_chairs': 5294600,
128                    'name': u'Example Inc.',
129                    'num_employees': 2300
130                },
131                {
132                    'num_chairs': 15,
133                    'name': u'Foobar Ltd.',
134                    'num_employees': 3
135                },
136                {
137                    'num_chairs': 1088,
138                    'name': u'Test GmbH',
139                    'num_employees': 32
140                }
141            ],
142            lambda o: o,
143        )
144
145        # The relation of a foreign key can become copied over to an other
146        # foreign key.
147        self.assertEqual(
148            Company.objects.update(point_of_contact=F('ceo')),
149            3
150        )
151        self.assertQuerysetEqual(
152            Company.objects.all(), [
153                "Joe Smith",
154                "Frank Meyer",
155                "Max Mustermann",
156            ],
157            lambda c: unicode(c.point_of_contact),
158        )
159
160        c = Company.objects.all()[0]
161        c.point_of_contact = Employee.objects.create(firstname="Guido", lastname="van Rossum")
162        c.save()
163
164        # F Expressions can also span joins
165        self.assertQuerysetEqual(
166            Company.objects.filter(ceo__firstname=F("point_of_contact__firstname")), [
167                "Foobar Ltd.",
168                "Test GmbH",
169            ],
170            lambda c: c.name
171        )
172
173        Company.objects.exclude(
174            ceo__firstname=F("point_of_contact__firstname")
175        ).update(name="foo")
176        self.assertEqual(
177            Company.objects.exclude(
178                ceo__firstname=F('point_of_contact__firstname')
179            ).get().name,
180            "foo",
181        )
182
183        self.assertRaises(FieldError,
184            lambda: Company.objects.exclude(
185                ceo__firstname=F('point_of_contact__firstname')
186            ).update(name=F('point_of_contact__lastname'))
187        )
188
189        # F expressions can be used to update attributes on single objects
190        test_gmbh = Company.objects.get(name="Test GmbH")
191        self.assertEqual(test_gmbh.num_employees, 32)
192        test_gmbh.num_employees = F("num_employees") + 4
193        test_gmbh.save()
194        test_gmbh = Company.objects.get(pk=test_gmbh.pk)
195        self.assertEqual(test_gmbh.num_employees, 36)
196
197        # F expressions cannot be used to update attributes which are foreign
198        # keys, or attributes which involve joins.
199        test_gmbh.point_of_contact = None
200        test_gmbh.save()
201        self.assertTrue(test_gmbh.point_of_contact is None)
202        def test():
203            test_gmbh.point_of_contact = F("ceo")
204        self.assertRaises(ValueError, test)
205
206        test_gmbh.point_of_contact = test_gmbh.ceo
207        test_gmbh.save()
208        test_gmbh.name = F("ceo__last_name")
209        self.assertRaises(FieldError, test_gmbh.save)
210
211        # F expressions cannot be used to update attributes on objects which do
212        # not yet exist in the database
213        acme = Company(
214            name="The Acme Widget Co.", num_employees=12, num_chairs=5,
215            ceo=test_gmbh.ceo
216        )
217        acme.num_employees = F("num_employees") + 16
218        self.assertRaises(TypeError, acme.save)