SabreDAV /lib/Sabre/CardDAV/Backend/PDO.php

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<?php

namespace Sabre\CardDAV\Backend;

use Sabre\CardDAV;
use Sabre\DAV;

/**
 * PDO CardDAV backend
 *
 * This CardDAV backend uses PDO to store addressbooks
 *
 * @copyright Copyright (C) 2007-2013 fruux GmbH (https://fruux.com/).
 * @author Evert Pot (http://evertpot.com/)
 * @license http://code.google.com/p/sabredav/wiki/License Modified BSD License
 */
class PDO extends AbstractBackend implements SyncSupport {

    /**
     * PDO connection
     *
     * @var PDO
     */
    protected $pdo;

    /**
     * The PDO table name used to store addressbooks
     */
    protected $addressBooksTableName;

    /**
     * The PDO table name used to store cards
     */
    protected $cardsTableName;

    /**
     * The table name that will be used for tracking changes in address books.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $addressBookChangesTableName;

    /**
     * Sets up the object
     *
     * @param \PDO $pdo
     * @param string $addressBooksTableName
     * @param string $cardsTableName
     */
    public function __construct(\PDO $pdo, $addressBooksTableName = 'addressbooks', $cardsTableName = 'cards', $addressBookChangesTableName = 'addressbookchanges') {

        $this->pdo = $pdo;
        $this->addressBooksTableName = $addressBooksTableName;
        $this->cardsTableName = $cardsTableName;
        $this->addressBookChangesTableName = $addressBookChangesTableName;

    }

    /**
     * Returns the list of addressbooks for a specific user.
     *
     * @param string $principalUri
     * @return array
     */
    public function getAddressBooksForUser($principalUri) {

        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare('SELECT id, uri, displayname, principaluri, description, synctoken FROM '.$this->addressBooksTableName.' WHERE principaluri = ?');
        $stmt->execute(array($principalUri));

        $addressBooks = array();

        foreach($stmt->fetchAll() as $row) {

            $addressBooks[] = array(
                'id'  => $row['id'],
                'uri' => $row['uri'],
                'principaluri' => $row['principaluri'],
                '{DAV:}displayname' => $row['displayname'],
                '{' . CardDAV\Plugin::NS_CARDDAV . '}addressbook-description' => $row['description'],
                '{http://calendarserver.org/ns/}getctag' => $row['synctoken'],
                '{' . CardDAV\Plugin::NS_CARDDAV . '}supported-address-data' =>
                    new CardDAV\Property\SupportedAddressData(),
                '{DAV:}sync-token' => $row['synctoken']?$row['synctoken']:'0',
            );

        }

        return $addressBooks;

    }


    /**
     * Updates an addressbook's properties
     *
     * See Sabre\DAV\IProperties for a description of the mutations array, as
     * well as the return value.
     *
     * @param mixed $addressBookId
     * @param array $mutations
     * @see Sabre\DAV\IProperties::updateProperties
     * @return bool|array
     */
    public function updateAddressBook($addressBookId, array $mutations) {

        $updates = array();

        foreach($mutations as $property=>$newValue) {

            switch($property) {
                case '{DAV:}displayname' :
                    $updates['displayname'] = $newValue;
                    break;
                case '{' . CardDAV\Plugin::NS_CARDDAV . '}addressbook-description' :
                    $updates['description'] = $newValue;
                    break;
                default :
                    // If any unsupported values were being updated, we must
                    // let the entire request fail.
                    return false;
            }

        }

        // No values are being updated?
        if (!$updates) {
            return false;
        }

        $query = 'UPDATE ' . $this->addressBooksTableName . ' SET ';
        $first = true;
        foreach($updates as $key=>$value) {
            if ($first) {
                $first = false;
            } else {
                $query.=', ';
            }
            $query.=' `' . $key . '` = :' . $key . ' ';
        }
        $query.=' WHERE id = :addressbookid';

        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare($query);
        $updates['addressbookid'] = $addressBookId;

        $stmt->execute($updates);

        $this->addChange($addressBookId, "", 2);

        return true;

    }

    /**
     * Creates a new address book
     *
     * @param string $principalUri
     * @param string $url Just the 'basename' of the url.
     * @param array $properties
     * @return void
     */
    public function createAddressBook($principalUri, $url, array $properties) {

        $values = array(
            'displayname' => null,
            'description' => null,
            'principaluri' => $principalUri,
            'uri' => $url,
        );

        foreach($properties as $property=>$newValue) {

            switch($property) {
                case '{DAV:}displayname' :
                    $values['displayname'] = $newValue;
                    break;
                case '{' . CardDAV\Plugin::NS_CARDDAV . '}addressbook-description' :
                    $values['description'] = $newValue;
                    break;
                default :
                    throw new DAV\Exception\BadRequest('Unknown property: ' . $property);
            }

        }

        $query = 'INSERT INTO ' . $this->addressBooksTableName . ' (uri, displayname, description, principaluri, synctoken) VALUES (:uri, :displayname, :description, :principaluri, 1)';
        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare($query);
        $stmt->execute($values);
        return $this->pdo->lastInsertId();

    }

    /**
     * Deletes an entire addressbook and all its contents
     *
     * @param int $addressBookId
     * @return void
     */
    public function deleteAddressBook($addressBookId) {

        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare('DELETE FROM ' . $this->cardsTableName . ' WHERE addressbookid = ?');
        $stmt->execute([$addressBookId]);

        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare('DELETE FROM ' . $this->addressBooksTableName . ' WHERE id = ?');
        $stmt->execute([$addressBookId]);

        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare('DELETE FROM '.$this->addressBookChangesTableName.' WHERE id = ?');
        $stmt->execute([$addressBookId]);

    }

    /**
     * Returns all cards for a specific addressbook id.
     *
     * This method should return the following properties for each card:
     *   * carddata - raw vcard data
     *   * uri - Some unique url
     *   * lastmodified - A unix timestamp
     *
     * It's recommended to also return the following properties:
     *   * etag - A unique etag. This must change every time the card changes.
     *   * size - The size of the card in bytes.
     *
     * If these last two properties are provided, less time will be spent
     * calculating them. If they are specified, you can also ommit carddata.
     * This may speed up certain requests, especially with large cards.
     *
     * @param mixed $addressbookId
     * @return array
     */
    public function getCards($addressbookId) {

        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare('SELECT id, carddata, uri, lastmodified FROM ' . $this->cardsTableName . ' WHERE addressbookid = ?');
        $stmt->execute(array($addressbookId));

        return $stmt->fetchAll(\PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);


    }

    /**
     * Returns a specfic card.
     *
     * The same set of properties must be returned as with getCards. The only
     * exception is that 'carddata' is absolutely required.
     *
     * If the card does not exist, you must return false.
     *
     * @param mixed $addressBookId
     * @param string $cardUri
     * @return array
     */
    public function getCard($addressBookId, $cardUri) {

        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare('SELECT id, carddata, uri, lastmodified FROM ' . $this->cardsTableName . ' WHERE addressbookid = ? AND uri = ? LIMIT 1');
        $stmt->execute(array($addressBookId, $cardUri));

        $result = $stmt->fetch(\PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);

        return $result?$result:false;

    }

    /**
     * Returns a list of cards.
     *
     * This method should work identical to getCard, but instead return all the
     * cards in the list as an array.
     *
     * If the backend supports this, it may allow for some speed-ups.
     *
     * @param mixed $addressBookId
     * @param array $uris
     * @return array
     */
    public function getMultipleCards($addressBookId, array $uris) {

        return array_map(function($uri) use ($addressBookId) {
            return $this->getCard($addressBookId, $uri);
        }, $uris);

        $query = 'SELECT id, carddata, uri, lastmodified FROM ' . $this->cardsTableName . ' WHERE addressbookid = ? AND uri = IN (';
        // Inserting a whole bunch of question marks
        $query.=implode(',', array_fill(0, count($uris), '?'));
        $query.=')';

        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare($query);
        $stmt->execute(array_merge([$addressBookId], $uris));
        return $stmt->fetchAll(\PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);

    }

    /**
     * Creates a new card.
     *
     * The addressbook id will be passed as the first argument. This is the
     * same id as it is returned from the getAddressbooksForUser method.
     *
     * The cardUri is a base uri, and doesn't include the full path. The
     * cardData argument is the vcard body, and is passed as a string.
     *
     * It is possible to return an ETag from this method. This ETag is for the
     * newly created resource, and must be enclosed with double quotes (that
     * is, the string itself must contain the double quotes).
     *
     * You should only return the ETag if you store the carddata as-is. If a
     * subsequent GET request on the same card does not have the same body,
     * byte-by-byte and you did return an ETag here, clients tend to get
     * confused.
     *
     * If you don't return an ETag, you can just return null.
     *
     * @param mixed $addressBookId
     * @param string $cardUri
     * @param string $cardData
     * @return string|null
     */
    public function createCard($addressBookId, $cardUri, $cardData) {

        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare('INSERT INTO ' . $this->cardsTableName . ' (carddata, uri, lastmodified, addressbookid) VALUES (?, ?, ?, ?)');

        $result = $stmt->execute(array($cardData, $cardUri, time(), $addressBookId));

        $this->addChange($addressBookId, $cardUri, 1);

        return '"' . md5($cardData) . '"';

    }

    /**
     * Updates a card.
     *
     * The addressbook id will be passed as the first argument. This is the
     * same id as it is returned from the getAddressbooksForUser method.
     *
     * The cardUri is a base uri, and doesn't include the full path. The
     * cardData argument is the vcard body, and is passed as a string.
     *
     * It is possible to return an ETag from this method. This ETag should
     * match that of the updated resource, and must be enclosed with double
     * quotes (that is: the string itself must contain the actual quotes).
     *
     * You should only return the ETag if you store the carddata as-is. If a
     * subsequent GET request on the same card does not have the same body,
     * byte-by-byte and you did return an ETag here, clients tend to get
     * confused.
     *
     * If you don't return an ETag, you can just return null.
     *
     * @param mixed $addressBookId
     * @param string $cardUri
     * @param string $cardData
     * @return string|null
     */
    public function updateCard($addressBookId, $cardUri, $cardData) {

        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare('UPDATE ' . $this->cardsTableName . ' SET carddata = ?, lastmodified = ? WHERE uri = ? AND addressbookid =?');
        $stmt->execute(array($cardData, time(), $cardUri, $addressBookId));

        $this->addChange($addressBookId, $cardUri, 2);

        return '"' . md5($cardData) . '"';

    }

    /**
     * Deletes a card
     *
     * @param mixed $addressBookId
     * @param string $cardUri
     * @return bool
     */
    public function deleteCard($addressBookId, $cardUri) {

        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare('DELETE FROM ' . $this->cardsTableName . ' WHERE addressbookid = ? AND uri = ?');
        $stmt->execute(array($addressBookId, $cardUri));

        $this->addChange($addressBookId, $cardUri, 3);

        return $stmt->rowCount()===1;

    }

    /**
     * The getChanges method returns all the changes that have happened, since
     * the specified syncToken in the specified address book.
     *
     * This function should return an array, such as the following:
     *
     * [
     *   'syncToken' => 'The current synctoken',
     *   'added'   => [
     *      'new.txt',
     *   ],
     *   'modified'   => [
     *      'updated.txt',
     *   ],
     *   'deleted' => [
     *      'foo.php.bak',
     *      'old.txt'
     *   ]
     * ];
     *
     * The returned syncToken property should reflect the *current* syncToken
     * of the addressbook, as reported in the {DAV:}sync-token property This is
     * needed here too, to ensure the operation is atomic.
     *
     * If the $syncToken argument is specified as null, this is an initial
     * sync, and all members should be reported.
     *
     * The modified property is an array of nodenames that have changed since
     * the last token.
     *
     * The deleted property is an array with nodenames, that have been deleted
     * from collection.
     *
     * The $syncLevel argument is basically the 'depth' of the report. If it's
     * 1, you only have to report changes that happened only directly in
     * immediate descendants. If it's 2, it should also include changes from
     * the nodes below the child collections. (grandchildren)
     *
     * The $limit argument allows a client to specify how many results should
     * be returned at most. If the limit is not specified, it should be treated
     * as infinite.
     *
     * If the limit (infinite or not) is higher than you're willing to return,
     * you should throw a Sabre\DAV\Exception\TooMuchMatches() exception.
     *
     * If the syncToken is expired (due to data cleanup) or unknown, you must
     * return null.
     *
     * The limit is 'suggestive'. You are free to ignore it.
     *
     * @param string $addressBookId
     * @param string $syncToken
     * @param int $syncLevel
     * @param int $limit
     * @return array
     */
    public function getChangesForAddressBook($addressBookId, $syncToken, $syncLevel, $limit = null) {

        // Current synctoken
        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare('SELECT synctoken FROM addressbooks WHERE id = ?');
        $stmt->execute([ $addressBookId ]);
        $currentToken = $stmt->fetchColumn(0);

        if (is_null($currentToken)) return null;

        $result = [
            'syncToken' => $currentToken,
            'added'     => [],
            'modified'  => [],
            'deleted'   => [],
        ];

        if ($syncToken) {

            $query = "SELECT uri, operation FROM " . $this->addressBookChangesTableName . " WHERE synctoken >= ? AND synctoken < ? AND addressbookid = ? ORDER BY synctoken";
            if ($limit>0) $query.= " LIMIT " . (int)$limit;

            // Fetching all changes
            $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare($query);
            $stmt->execute([$syncToken, $currentToken, $addressBookId]);

            $changes = [];

            // This loop ensures that any duplicates are overwritten, only the
            // last change on a node is relevant.
            while($row = $stmt->fetch(\PDO::FETCH_ASSOC)) {

                $changes[$row['uri']] = $row['operation'];

            }

            foreach($changes as $uri => $operation) {

                switch($operation) {
                    case 1:
                        $result['added'][] = $uri;
                        break;
                    case 2:
                        $result['modified'][] = $uri;
                        break;
                    case 3:
                        $result['deleted'][] = $uri;
                        break;
                }

            }
        } else {
            // No synctoken supplied, this is the initial sync.
            $query = "SELECT uri FROM cards WHERE addressbookid = ?";
            $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare($query);
            $stmt->execute([$addressBookId]);

            $result['added'] = $stmt->fetchAll(\PDO::FETCH_COLUMN);
        }
        return $result;

    }

    /**
     * Adds a change record to the addressbookchanges table.
     *
     * @param mixed $addressBookId
     * @param string $objectUri
     * @param int $operation 1 = add, 2 = modify, 3 = delete/
     * @return void
     */
    protected function addChange($addressBookId, $objectUri, $operation) {

        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare('INSERT INTO ' . $this->addressBookChangesTableName .' (uri, synctoken, addressbookid, operation) SELECT ?, synctoken, ?, ? FROM addressbooks WHERE id = ?');
        $stmt->execute([
            $objectUri,
            $addressBookId,
            $operation,
            $addressBookId
        ]);
        $stmt = $this->pdo->prepare('UPDATE ' . $this->addressBooksTableName . ' SET synctoken = synctoken + 1 WHERE id = ?');
        $stmt->execute([
            $addressBookId
        ]);

    }
}
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