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/trunk/Examples/lua/lua.c

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C | 438 lines | 339 code | 77 blank | 22 comment | 75 complexity | 0f8e5c22a378034c6f9641b4f49b450f MD5 | raw file
  1/*
  2** Lua stand-alone interpreter
  3** See Copyright Notice in lua.h
  4*/
  5
  6
  7#include <signal.h>
  8#include <stdio.h>
  9#include <stdlib.h>
 10#include <string.h>
 11
 12#define lua_c
 13
 14#include "lua.h"
 15
 16#include "lauxlib.h"
 17#include "lualib.h"
 18
 19
 20/*
 21** generic extra include file
 22*/
 23#ifdef LUA_USERCONFIG
 24#include LUA_USERCONFIG
 25#endif
 26
 27
 28/*
 29** definition of `isatty'
 30*/
 31#ifdef _POSIX_C_SOURCE
 32#include <unistd.h>
 33#define stdin_is_tty()	isatty(0)
 34#else
 35#define stdin_is_tty()	1  /* assume stdin is a tty */
 36#endif
 37
 38
 39
 40#ifndef PROMPT
 41#define PROMPT		"> "
 42#endif
 43
 44
 45#ifndef PROMPT2
 46#define PROMPT2		">> "
 47#endif
 48
 49#ifndef PROGNAME
 50#define PROGNAME	"lua"
 51#endif
 52
 53#ifndef lua_userinit
 54#define lua_userinit(L)		openstdlibs(L)
 55#endif
 56
 57
 58#ifndef LUA_EXTRALIBS
 59#define LUA_EXTRALIBS	/* empty */
 60#endif
 61
 62
 63static lua_State *L = NULL;
 64
 65static const char *progname = PROGNAME;
 66
 67extern int Example_Init(lua_State* L);
 68
 69static const luaL_reg lualibs[] = {
 70  {"base", luaopen_base},
 71  {"table", luaopen_table},
 72  {"io", luaopen_io},
 73  {"string", luaopen_string},
 74  {"math", luaopen_math},
 75  {"debug", luaopen_debug},
 76  {"loadlib", luaopen_loadlib},
 77  /* add your libraries here */
 78  {"example", Example_Init},
 79  LUA_EXTRALIBS
 80  {NULL, NULL}
 81};
 82
 83
 84
 85static void lstop (lua_State *l, lua_Debug *ar) {
 86  (void)ar;  /* unused arg. */
 87  lua_sethook(l, NULL, 0, 0);
 88  luaL_error(l, "interrupted!");
 89}
 90
 91
 92static void laction (int i) {
 93  signal(i, SIG_DFL); /* if another SIGINT happens before lstop,
 94                              terminate process (default action) */
 95  lua_sethook(L, lstop, LUA_MASKCALL | LUA_MASKRET | LUA_MASKCOUNT, 1);
 96}
 97
 98
 99static void print_usage (void) {
100  fprintf(stderr,
101  "usage: %s [options] [script [args]].\n"
102  "Available options are:\n"
103  "  -        execute stdin as a file\n"
104  "  -e stat  execute string `stat'\n"
105  "  -i       enter interactive mode after executing `script'\n"
106  "  -l name  load and run library `name'\n"
107  "  -v       show version information\n"
108  "  --       stop handling options\n" ,
109  progname);
110}
111
112
113static void l_message (const char *pname, const char *msg) {
114  if (pname) fprintf(stderr, "%s: ", pname);
115  fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", msg);
116}
117
118
119static int report (int status) {
120  const char *msg;
121  if (status) {
122    msg = lua_tostring(L, -1);
123    if (msg == NULL) msg = "(error with no message)";
124    l_message(progname, msg);
125    lua_pop(L, 1);
126  }
127  return status;
128}
129
130
131static int lcall (int narg, int clear) {
132  int status;
133  int base = lua_gettop(L) - narg;  /* function index */
134  lua_pushliteral(L, "_TRACEBACK");
135  lua_rawget(L, LUA_GLOBALSINDEX);  /* get traceback function */
136  lua_insert(L, base);  /* put it under chunk and args */
137  signal(SIGINT, laction);
138  status = lua_pcall(L, narg, (clear ? 0 : LUA_MULTRET), base);
139  signal(SIGINT, SIG_DFL);
140  lua_remove(L, base);  /* remove traceback function */
141  return status;
142}
143
144
145static void print_version (void) {
146  l_message(NULL, LUA_VERSION "  " LUA_COPYRIGHT);
147}
148
149
150static void getargs (char *argv[], int n) {
151  int i;
152  lua_newtable(L);
153  for (i=0; argv[i]; i++) {
154    lua_pushnumber(L, i - n);
155    lua_pushstring(L, argv[i]);
156    lua_rawset(L, -3);
157  }
158  /* arg.n = maximum index in table `arg' */
159  lua_pushliteral(L, "n");
160  lua_pushnumber(L, i-n-1);
161  lua_rawset(L, -3);
162}
163
164
165static int docall (int status) {
166  if (status == 0) status = lcall(0, 1);
167  return report(status);
168}
169
170
171static int file_input (const char *name) {
172  return docall(luaL_loadfile(L, name));
173}
174
175
176static int dostring (const char *s, const char *name) {
177  return docall(luaL_loadbuffer(L, s, strlen(s), name));
178}
179
180
181static int load_file (const char *name) {
182  lua_pushliteral(L, "require");
183  lua_rawget(L, LUA_GLOBALSINDEX);
184  if (!lua_isfunction(L, -1)) {  /* no `require' defined? */
185    lua_pop(L, 1);
186    return file_input(name);
187  }
188  else {
189    lua_pushstring(L, name);
190    return report(lcall(1, 1));
191  }
192}
193
194
195/*
196** this macro can be used by some `history' system to save lines
197** read in manual input
198*/
199#ifndef lua_saveline
200#define lua_saveline(L,line)	/* empty */
201#endif
202
203
204/*
205** this macro defines a function to show the prompt and reads the
206** next line for manual input
207*/
208#ifndef lua_readline
209#define lua_readline(L,prompt)		readline(L,prompt)
210
211/* maximum length of an input line */
212#ifndef MAXINPUT
213#define MAXINPUT	512
214#endif
215
216
217static int readline (lua_State *l, const char *prompt) {
218  static char buffer[MAXINPUT];
219  if (prompt) {
220    fputs(prompt, stdout);
221    fflush(stdout);
222  }
223  if (fgets(buffer, sizeof(buffer), stdin) == NULL)
224    return 0;  /* read fails */
225  else {
226    lua_pushstring(l, buffer);
227    return 1;
228  }
229}
230
231#endif
232
233
234static const char *get_prompt (int firstline) {
235  const char *p = NULL;
236  lua_pushstring(L, firstline ? "_PROMPT" : "_PROMPT2");
237  lua_rawget(L, LUA_GLOBALSINDEX);
238  p = lua_tostring(L, -1);
239  if (p == NULL) p = (firstline ? PROMPT : PROMPT2);
240  lua_pop(L, 1);  /* remove global */
241  return p;
242}
243
244
245static int incomplete (int status) {
246  if (status == LUA_ERRSYNTAX &&
247         strstr(lua_tostring(L, -1), "near `<eof>'") != NULL) {
248    lua_pop(L, 1);
249    return 1;
250  }
251  else
252    return 0;
253}
254
255
256static int load_string (void) {
257  int status;
258  lua_settop(L, 0);
259  if (lua_readline(L, get_prompt(1)) == 0)  /* no input? */
260    return -1;
261  if (lua_tostring(L, -1)[0] == '=') {  /* line starts with `=' ? */
262    lua_pushfstring(L, "return %s", lua_tostring(L, -1)+1);/* `=' -> `return' */
263    lua_remove(L, -2);  /* remove original line */
264  }
265  for (;;) {  /* repeat until gets a complete line */
266    status = luaL_loadbuffer(L, lua_tostring(L, 1), lua_strlen(L, 1), "=stdin");
267    if (!incomplete(status)) break;  /* cannot try to add lines? */
268    if (lua_readline(L, get_prompt(0)) == 0)  /* no more input? */
269      return -1;
270    lua_concat(L, lua_gettop(L));  /* join lines */
271  }
272  lua_saveline(L, lua_tostring(L, 1));
273  lua_remove(L, 1);  /* remove line */
274  return status;
275}
276
277
278static void manual_input (void) {
279  int status;
280  const char *oldprogname = progname;
281  progname = NULL;
282  while ((status = load_string()) != -1) {
283    if (status == 0) status = lcall(0, 0);
284    report(status);
285    if (status == 0 && lua_gettop(L) > 0) {  /* any result to print? */
286      lua_getglobal(L, "print");
287      lua_insert(L, 1);
288      if (lua_pcall(L, lua_gettop(L)-1, 0, 0) != 0)
289        l_message(progname, lua_pushfstring(L, "error calling `print' (%s)",
290                                               lua_tostring(L, -1)));
291    }
292  }
293  lua_settop(L, 0);  /* clear stack */
294  fputs("\n", stdout);
295  progname = oldprogname;
296}
297
298
299static int handle_argv (char *argv[], int *interactive) {
300  if (argv[1] == NULL) {  /* no more arguments? */
301    if (stdin_is_tty()) {
302      print_version();
303      manual_input();
304    }
305    else
306      file_input(NULL);  /* executes stdin as a file */
307  }
308  else {  /* other arguments; loop over them */
309    int i;
310    for (i = 1; argv[i] != NULL; i++) {
311      if (argv[i][0] != '-') break;  /* not an option? */
312      switch (argv[i][1]) {  /* option */
313        case '-': {  /* `--' */
314          if (argv[i][2] != '\0') {
315            print_usage();
316            return 1;
317          }
318          i++;  /* skip this argument */
319          goto endloop;  /* stop handling arguments */
320        }
321        case '\0': {
322          file_input(NULL);  /* executes stdin as a file */
323          break;
324        }
325        case 'i': {
326          *interactive = 1;
327          break;
328        }
329        case 'v': {
330          print_version();
331          break;
332        }
333        case 'e': {
334          const char *chunk = argv[i] + 2;
335          if (*chunk == '\0') chunk = argv[++i];
336          if (chunk == NULL) {
337            print_usage();
338            return 1;
339          }
340          if (dostring(chunk, "=<command line>") != 0)
341            return 1;
342          break;
343        }
344        case 'l': {
345          const char *filename = argv[i] + 2;
346          if (*filename == '\0') filename = argv[++i];
347          if (filename == NULL) {
348            print_usage();
349            return 1;
350          }
351          if (load_file(filename))
352            return 1;  /* stop if file fails */
353          break;
354        }
355        case 'c': {
356          l_message(progname, "option `-c' is deprecated");
357          break;
358        }
359        case 's': {
360          l_message(progname, "option `-s' is deprecated");
361          break;
362        }
363        default: {
364          print_usage();
365          return 1;
366        }
367      }
368    } endloop:
369    if (argv[i] != NULL) {
370      const char *filename = argv[i];
371      getargs(argv, i);  /* collect arguments */
372      lua_setglobal(L, "arg");
373      return file_input(filename);  /* stop scanning arguments */
374    }
375  }
376  return 0;
377}
378
379
380static void openstdlibs (lua_State *l) {
381  const luaL_reg *lib = lualibs;
382  for (; lib->func; lib++) {
383    lib->func(l);  /* open library */
384    lua_settop(l, 0);  /* discard any results */
385  }
386}
387
388
389static int handle_luainit (void) {
390  const char *init = getenv("LUA_INIT");
391  if (init == NULL) return 0;  /* status OK */
392  else if (init[0] == '@')
393    return file_input(init+1);
394  else
395    return dostring(init, "=LUA_INIT");
396}
397
398
399struct Smain {
400  int argc;
401  char **argv;
402  int status;
403};
404
405
406static int pmain (lua_State *l) {
407  struct Smain *s = (struct Smain *)lua_touserdata(l, 1);
408  int status;
409  int interactive = 0;
410  if (s->argv[0] && s->argv[0][0]) progname = s->argv[0];
411  L = l;
412  lua_userinit(l);  /* open libraries */
413  status = handle_luainit();
414  if (status == 0) {
415    status = handle_argv(s->argv, &interactive);
416    if (status == 0 && interactive) manual_input();
417  }
418  s->status = status;
419  return 0;
420}
421
422
423int main (int argc, char *argv[]) {
424  int status;
425  struct Smain s;
426  lua_State *l = lua_open();  /* create state */
427  if (l == NULL) {
428    l_message(argv[0], "cannot create state: not enough memory");
429    return EXIT_FAILURE;
430  }
431  s.argc = argc;
432  s.argv = argv;
433  status = lua_cpcall(l, &pmain, &s);
434  report(status);
435  lua_close(l);
436  return (status || s.status) ? EXIT_FAILURE : EXIT_SUCCESS;
437}
438