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/interpreter/tags/at2dist130208/src/edu/vub/at/objects/mirrors/NATIntrospectiveMirror.java

http://ambienttalk.googlecode.com/
Java | 227 lines | 74 code | 21 blank | 132 comment | 3 complexity | 0597f18cb382bf78d687caf5bde42c86 MD5 | raw file
  1/**
  2 * AmbientTalk/2 Project
  3 * NATMirror.java created on Aug 13, 2006 at 10:09:29 AM
  4 * (c) Programming Technology Lab, 2006 - 2007
  5 * Authors: Tom Van Cutsem & Stijn Mostinckx
  6 * 
  7 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person
  8 * obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation
  9 * files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without
 10 * restriction, including without limitation the rights to use,
 11 * copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or
 12 * sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
 13 * Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following
 14 * conditions:
 15 *
 16 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
 17 * included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
 18 *
 19 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
 20 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES
 21 * OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
 22 * NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT
 23 * HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY,
 24 * WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING
 25 * FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR
 26 * OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
 27 */
 28package edu.vub.at.objects.mirrors;
 29
 30import edu.vub.at.exceptions.InterpreterException;
 31import edu.vub.at.exceptions.XSelectorNotFound;
 32import edu.vub.at.exceptions.XTypeMismatch;
 33import edu.vub.at.objects.ATBoolean;
 34import edu.vub.at.objects.ATMethod;
 35import edu.vub.at.objects.ATObject;
 36import edu.vub.at.objects.ATTable;
 37import edu.vub.at.objects.coercion.NativeTypeTags;
 38import edu.vub.at.objects.grammar.ATSymbol;
 39import edu.vub.at.objects.natives.NATBoolean;
 40import edu.vub.at.objects.natives.NATByRef;
 41import edu.vub.at.objects.natives.NATTable;
 42import edu.vub.at.objects.natives.NATText;
 43import edu.vub.at.objects.natives.grammar.AGSymbol;
 44
 45/**
 46 * <p>NATIntrospectiveMirror is a default mirror to represent an ambienttalk object 
 47 * which is capable of offering the java meta-interface of any language value at the 
 48 * ambienttalk level. This allows introspection into the language value's internals
 49 * as well as invoking some meta-level operations on it. Technically, NATMirror is 
 50 * simply a wrapper object around an ambienttalk object which deifies (ups) methods 
 51 * invoked upon it.</p>
 52 * 
 53 * <p>Note that whereas the mirror can offer e.g. an apply method when reifying a 
 54 * closure, this does not affect its own meta-interface. A NATMirror is always an 
 55 * object and can thus not be applied at the ambienttalk level.</p>
 56 * 
 57 * Example:
 58 * <pre>
 59 * def clo := { | x | x * 2 };
 60 * def  m  := at.mirrors.Factory.createMirror(clo);
 61 * 
 62 * clo( 5 )     <i> => 10 (legal) </i>
 63 * m.apply([5]) <i> => 10 (legal) </i>
 64 * m( 5 )       <i> => error (Application expected a closure, given a mirror) </i>
 65 * </pre>
 66 * 
 67 * @author smostinc
 68 * @author tvcutsem
 69 */
 70
 71public class NATIntrospectiveMirror extends NATByRef {
 72
 73	/** the object reflected on. This object is NOT a NATMirage */
 74	private final ATObject principal_;
 75	
 76	/**
 77	 * Return a mirror on the given native or custom AmbientTalk object.
 78	 * 
 79	 * @param objectRepresentation the object to reflect upon
 80	 * @return either an introspective mirror (if the passed object is native), otherwise
 81	 * a custom intercessive mirror.
 82	 */
 83	public static final ATObject atValue(ATObject objectRepresentation) throws XTypeMismatch {
 84		if(objectRepresentation instanceof NATMirage)
 85			return objectRepresentation.asMirage().getMirror();
 86		else
 87			return new NATIntrospectiveMirror(objectRepresentation);		
 88	}
 89	
 90	/**
 91	 * An introspective mirror is a wrapper which forwards a deified (upped) version of invoked 
 92	 * methods and field accesses to its principal. This principal is a Java object 
 93	 * representing an ambienttalk object. The deificiation process implies that 
 94	 * only the object's meta_level operations (implemented in Java) will be called
 95	 * directly by the mirror.
 96	 * 
 97	 * @param representation - the object to reflect upon, which is *not* a NATMirage
 98	 */
 99	private NATIntrospectiveMirror(ATObject representation) {
100		principal_ = representation;
101	}
102	
103	/**
104	 * This method is used to allow selecting the base field of an intercessive mirror using 
105	 * the reflective selection of fields. This method is never invoked directly by the 
106	 * implementation.
107	 * @return the base-level entity this mirror reflects on
108	 */
109	public ATObject base_base() {
110		return principal_;
111	}
112	
113	public ATBoolean base__opeql__opeql_(ATObject other) throws InterpreterException {
114		if (other instanceof NATIntrospectiveMirror) {
115			NATIntrospectiveMirror mirror = (NATIntrospectiveMirror) other;
116			return principal_.base__opeql__opeql_(mirror.principal_);
117		} else {
118			return NATBoolean._FALSE_;
119		}
120	}
121	
122	/* ------------------------------------------
123	 * -- Slot accessing and mutating protocol --
124	 * ------------------------------------------ */
125
126    
127    public ATMethod meta_grabMethod(ATSymbol methodName) throws InterpreterException {
128        try {
129        	// try to find a meta_ method in the principal
130			return Reflection.downMetaLevelMethod(principal_, methodName);
131		} catch (XSelectorNotFound e) {
132			e.catchOnlyIfSelectorEquals(methodName);
133			// try to find a base_ method in the mirror
134			return super.meta_grabMethod(methodName);
135		}
136    }
137
138	/**
139	 * Listing the methods of a mirror requires us to list all of the meta_ methods
140	 * of the principal + all of the base_ methods of the mirror itself
141	 */
142    public ATTable meta_listMethods() throws InterpreterException {
143   	    ATMethod[] principalMetaMethods = Reflection.downMetaLevelMethods(principal_);
144   	    ATMethod[] mirrorBaseMethods = Reflection.downBaseLevelMethods(this);
145        return NATTable.atValue(NATTable.collate(principalMetaMethods, mirrorBaseMethods));
146    }
147	
148	/* ------------------------------------
149	 * -- Extension and cloning protocol --
150	 * ------------------------------------ */
151
152	/**
153	 * This method allows re-initialise a mirror object. However, since the link from a 
154	 * mirror to its base object is immutable, this results in contacting the mirror
155	 * factory, to create a (new) mirror for the requested object.
156	 * @param initargs  an ATObject[] containing as its first element the object that needs to be reflects upon
157	 * @return <b>another</b> (possibly new) mirror object 
158	 */
159	public ATObject meta_newInstance(ATTable initargs) throws InterpreterException {
160		ATObject reflectee = NativeClosure.checkUnaryArguments(AGSymbol.jAlloc("init"), initargs);
161		return atValue(reflectee);
162		/*ATObject[] initargs = init.asNativeTable().elements_;
163		if(initargs.length != 1) {
164			ATObject reflectee = initargs[0];
165			return atValue(reflectee);
166		} else {
167			throw new XArityMismatch("init", 1, initargs.length);
168		}*/
169	}
170	
171	/* ---------------------------------
172	 * -- Abstract Grammar Protocol   --
173	 * --------------------------------- */
174		
175	public NATText meta_print() throws InterpreterException {
176		return NATText.atValue("<mirror on:"+principal_.meta_print().javaValue+">");
177	}
178	
179    public ATTable meta_typeTags() throws InterpreterException {
180    	return NATTable.of(NativeTypeTags._MIRROR_);
181    }
182	
183	/**
184	 * OBSOLETE: introspective mirrors are now pass-by-reference.
185	 * This has the following repercussions:
186	 *  - when passing the mirror of an isolate, a remote ref to the mirror is passed instead.
187	 *    The isolate is not copied.
188	 *  - mirrors on far references can still be created, by passing the principal by ref
189	 *    and by reflecting on the obtained far reference
190	 * 
191	 * An introspective mirror is pass-by-copy.
192     * When an introspective mirror is deserialized, it will become a mirror on
193     * its deserialized principal. This means that, if the principal is passed
194     * by copy, the mirror will be a local mirror on the copy. If the principal is passed
195     * by reference, the mirror will be a local mirror on the far reference.
196	 */
197	/*public ATObject meta_resolve() throws InterpreterException {
198		if(principal_ instanceof NATMirage)
199			return ((NATMirage)principal_).getMirror();
200		else
201			return this;
202	}*/
203
204	/**
205	 * For mirrors, first try to find a <tt>meta_</tt> method in the principal.
206	 * If this fails, try to find a <tt>base_</tt> method in the introspective mirror itself.
207	 */
208	protected boolean hasLocalMethod(ATSymbol atSelector) throws InterpreterException {
209        return Reflection.upRespondsTo(principal_, Reflection.upMetaLevelSelector(atSelector)) ||
210               super.hasLocalMethod(atSelector);
211	}
212	
213	/**
214	 * For mirrors, first try to find a <tt>meta_</tt> method in the principal.
215	 * If this fails, try to find a <tt>base_</tt> method in the introspective mirror itself.
216	 */
217	protected ATMethod getLocalMethod(ATSymbol selector) throws InterpreterException {
218		try {
219			String methSelector = Reflection.upMetaLevelSelector(selector);
220			return Reflection.upMethodSelection(principal_, methSelector, selector);
221		} catch (XSelectorNotFound e) {
222			e.catchOnlyIfSelectorEquals(selector);
223			return super.getLocalMethod(selector);
224		}
225	}
226
227}