piwik /core/Piwik.php

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Repository https://github.com/CodeYellowBV/piwik.git View Raw File View Project SPDX
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<?php
/**
 * Piwik - free/libre analytics platform
 *
 * @link http://piwik.org
 * @license http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-3.0.html GPL v3 or later
 *
 */
namespace Piwik;

use Exception;
use Piwik\Db\Adapter;
use Piwik\Db\Schema;
use Piwik\Db;
use Piwik\Plugin;
use Piwik\Plugins\SitesManager\API as APISitesManager;
use Piwik\Plugins\UsersManager\API as APIUsersManager;
use Piwik\Session;
use Piwik\Tracker;
use Piwik\View;

/**
 * @see core/Translate.php
 */
require_once PIWIK_INCLUDE_PATH . '/core/Translate.php';

/**
 * Main piwik helper class.
 * 
 * Contains helper methods for a variety of common tasks. Plugin developers are
 * encouraged to reuse these methods as much as possible.
 */
class Piwik
{
    /**
     * Piwik periods
     * @var array
     */
    public static $idPeriods = array(
        'day'   => 1,
        'week'  => 2,
        'month' => 3,
        'year'  => 4,
        'range' => 5,
    );

    /**
     * The idGoal query parameter value for the special 'abandoned carts' goal.
     * 
     * @api
     */
    const LABEL_ID_GOAL_IS_ECOMMERCE_CART = 'ecommerceAbandonedCart';

    /**
     * The idGoal query parameter value for the special 'ecommerce' goal.
     * 
     * @api
     */
    const LABEL_ID_GOAL_IS_ECOMMERCE_ORDER = 'ecommerceOrder';

    /**
     * Trigger E_USER_ERROR with optional message
     *
     * @param string $message
     */
    static public function error($message = '')
    {
        trigger_error($message, E_USER_ERROR);
    }

    /**
     * Display the message in a nice red font with a nice icon
     * ... and dies
     *
     * @param string $message
     */
    static public function exitWithErrorMessage($message)
    {
        if (!Common::isPhpCliMode()) {
            @header('Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8');
        }

        $output = "<style>a{color:red;}</style>\n" .
            "<div style='color:red;font-family:Georgia;font-size:120%'>" .
            "<p><img src='plugins/Morpheus/images/error_medium.png' style='vertical-align:middle; float:left;padding:20 20 20 20' />" .
            $message .
            "</p></div>";
        print($output);
        exit;
    }

    /**
     * Computes the division of i1 by i2. If either i1 or i2 are not number, or if i2 has a value of zero
     * we return 0 to avoid the division by zero.
     *
     * @param number $i1
     * @param number $i2
     * @return number The result of the division or zero
     */
    static public function secureDiv($i1, $i2)
    {
        if (is_numeric($i1) && is_numeric($i2) && floatval($i2) != 0) {
            return $i1 / $i2;
        }
        return 0;
    }

    /**
     * Safely compute a percentage.  Return 0 to avoid division by zero.
     *
     * @param number $dividend
     * @param number $divisor
     * @param int $precision
     * @return number
     */
    static public function getPercentageSafe($dividend, $divisor, $precision = 0)
    {
        if ($divisor == 0) {
            return 0;
        }
        return round(100 * $dividend / $divisor, $precision);
    }

    /**
     * Returns the Javascript code to be inserted on every page to track
     *
     * @param int $idSite
     * @param string $piwikUrl http://path/to/piwik/directory/
     * @return string
     */
    static public function getJavascriptCode($idSite, $piwikUrl, $mergeSubdomains = false, $groupPageTitlesByDomain = false,
                                             $mergeAliasUrls = false, $visitorCustomVariables = false, $pageCustomVariables = false,
                                             $customCampaignNameQueryParam = false, $customCampaignKeywordParam = false,
                                             $doNotTrack = false)
    {
        // changes made to this code should be mirrored in plugins/CoreAdminHome/javascripts/jsTrackingGenerator.js var generateJsCode
        $jsCode = file_get_contents(PIWIK_INCLUDE_PATH . "/plugins/Morpheus/templates/javascriptCode.tpl");
        $jsCode = htmlentities($jsCode);
        if(substr($piwikUrl, 0, 4) !== 'http') {
            $piwikUrl = 'http://' . $piwikUrl;
        }
        preg_match('~^(http|https)://(.*)$~D', $piwikUrl, $matches);
        $piwikUrl = rtrim(@$matches[2], "/");

        // Build optional parameters to be added to text
        $options = '';
        if ($groupPageTitlesByDomain) {
            $options .= '  _paq.push(["setDocumentTitle", document.domain + "/" + document.title]);' . PHP_EOL;
        }
        if ($mergeSubdomains || $mergeAliasUrls) {
            $options .= self::getJavascriptTagOptions($idSite, $mergeSubdomains, $mergeAliasUrls);
        }
        $maxCustomVars = Plugins\CustomVariables\CustomVariables::getMaxCustomVariables();
        if ($visitorCustomVariables) {
            $options .=  '  // you can set up to ' . $maxCustomVars . ' custom variables for each visitor' . PHP_EOL;
            $index = 1;
            foreach ($visitorCustomVariables as $visitorCustomVariable) {
                $options .=  '  _paq.push(["setCustomVariable", '.$index++.', "'.$visitorCustomVariable[0].'", "'.$visitorCustomVariable[1].'", "visit"]);' . PHP_EOL;
            }
        }
        if ($pageCustomVariables) {
            $options .=  '  // you can set up to ' . $maxCustomVars . ' custom variables for each action (page view, download, click, site search)' . PHP_EOL;
            $index = 1;
            foreach ($pageCustomVariables as $pageCustomVariable) {
                $options .=  '  _paq.push(["setCustomVariable", '.$index++.', "'.$pageCustomVariable[0].'", "'.$pageCustomVariable[1].'", "page"]);' . PHP_EOL;
            }
        }
        if ($customCampaignNameQueryParam) {
            $options .=  '  _paq.push(["setCampaignNameKey", "'.$customCampaignNameQueryParam.'"]);' . PHP_EOL;
        }
        if ($customCampaignKeywordParam) {
            $options .=  '  _paq.push(["setCampaignKeywordKey", "'.$customCampaignKeywordParam.'"]);' . PHP_EOL;
        }
        if ($doNotTrack) {
            $options .= '  _paq.push(["setDoNotTrack", true]);' . PHP_EOL;
        }

        $codeImpl = array(
            'idSite' => $idSite,
            'piwikUrl' => Common::sanitizeInputValue($piwikUrl),
            'options' => $options
        );
        $parameters = compact('mergeSubdomains', 'groupPageTitlesByDomain', 'mergeAliasUrls', 'visitorCustomVariables',
                              'pageCustomVariables', 'customCampaignNameQueryParam', 'customCampaignKeywordParam',
                              'doNotTrack');

        /**
         * Triggered when generating JavaScript tracking code server side. Plugins can use
         * this event to customise the JavaScript tracking code that is displayed to the
         * user.
         *
         * @param array &$codeImpl An array containing snippets of code that the event handler
         *                         can modify. Will contain the following elements:
         *
         *                         - **idSite**: The ID of the site being tracked.
         *                         - **piwikUrl**: The tracker URL to use.
         *                         - **options**: A string of JavaScript code that customises
         *                                        the JavaScript tracker.
         *
         *                         The **httpsPiwikUrl** element can be set if the HTTPS
         *                         domain is different from the normal domain.
         * @param array $parameters The parameters supplied to the `Piwik::getJavascriptCode()`.
         */
        self::postEvent('Piwik.getJavascriptCode', array(&$codeImpl, $parameters));

        if (!empty($codeImpl['httpsPiwikUrl'])) {
            $setTrackerUrl = 'var u=(("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https://{$httpsPiwikUrl}/" : '
                           . '"http://{$piwikUrl}/");';

            $codeImpl['httpsPiwikUrl'] = rtrim($codeImpl['httpsPiwikUrl'], "/");
        } else {
            $setTrackerUrl = 'var u=(("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? "https" : "http") + "://{$piwikUrl}/";';
        }
        $codeImpl = array('setTrackerUrl' => htmlentities($setTrackerUrl)) + $codeImpl;

        foreach ($codeImpl as $keyToReplace => $replaceWith) {
            $jsCode = str_replace('{$' . $keyToReplace . '}', $replaceWith, $jsCode);
        }
        return $jsCode;
    }

    /**
     * Generate a title for image tags
     *
     * @return string
     */
    static public function getRandomTitle()
    {
        static $titles = array(
            'Web analytics',
            'Open analytics platform',
            'Real Time Web Analytics',
            'Analytics',
            'Real Time Analytics',
            'Analytics in Real time',
            'Free/Libre Web Analytics',
            'Free Website Analytics',
            'Free Web Analytics',
            'Analytics Platform',
            'Data Platform',
        );
        $id = abs(intval(md5(Url::getCurrentHost())));
        $title = $titles[$id % count($titles)];
        return $title;
    }

    /*
     * Access
     */

    /**
     * Returns the current user's email address.
     *
     * @return string
     * @api
     */
    static public function getCurrentUserEmail()
    {
        $user = APIUsersManager::getInstance()->getUser(Piwik::getCurrentUserLogin());
        return $user['email'];
    }

    /**
     * Get a list of all email addresses having Super User access.
     *
     * @return array
     */
    static public function getAllSuperUserAccessEmailAddresses()
    {
        $emails = array();

        try {
            $superUsers = APIUsersManager::getInstance()->getUsersHavingSuperUserAccess();
        } catch (\Exception $e) {
            return $emails;
        }

        foreach ($superUsers as $superUser) {
            $emails[$superUser['login']] = $superUser['email'];
        }

        return $emails;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the current user's username.
     *
     * @return string
     * @api
     */
    static public function getCurrentUserLogin()
    {
        return Access::getInstance()->getLogin();
    }

    /**
     * Returns the current user's token auth.
     *
     * @return string
     * @api
     */
    static public function getCurrentUserTokenAuth()
    {
        return Access::getInstance()->getTokenAuth();
    }

    /**
     * Returns `true` if the current user is either the Super User or the user specified by
     * `$theUser`.
     *
     * @param string $theUser A username.
     * @return bool
     * @api
     */
    static public function hasUserSuperUserAccessOrIsTheUser($theUser)
    {
        try {
            self::checkUserHasSuperUserAccessOrIsTheUser($theUser);
            return true;
        } catch (Exception $e) {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Check that the current user is either the specified user or the superuser.
     *
     * @param string $theUser A username.
     * @throws NoAccessException If the user is neither the Super User nor the user `$theUser`.
     * @api
     */
    static public function checkUserHasSuperUserAccessOrIsTheUser($theUser)
    {
        try {
            if (Piwik::getCurrentUserLogin() !== $theUser) {
                // or to the Super User
                Piwik::checkUserHasSuperUserAccess();
            }
        } catch (NoAccessException $e) {
            throw new NoAccessException(Piwik::translate('General_ExceptionCheckUserHasSuperUserAccessOrIsTheUser', array($theUser)));
        }
    }

    /**
     * Check whether the given user has superuser access.
     *
     * @param string $theUser A username.
     * @return bool
     * @api
     */
    static public function hasTheUserSuperUserAccess($theUser)
    {
        if (empty($theUser)) {
            return false;
        }

        if (Piwik::getCurrentUserLogin() === $theUser && Piwik::hasUserSuperUserAccess()) {
            return true;
        }

        try {
            $superUsers = APIUsersManager::getInstance()->getUsersHavingSuperUserAccess();
        } catch (\Exception $e) {
            return false;
        }

        foreach ($superUsers as $superUser) {
            if ($theUser === $superUser['login']) {
                return true;
            }
        }

        return false;
    }


    /**
     * Returns true if the current user has Super User access.
     *
     * @return bool
     * @api
     */
    static public function hasUserSuperUserAccess()
    {
        try {
            self::checkUserHasSuperUserAccess();
            return true;
        } catch (Exception $e) {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Returns true if the current user is the special **anonymous** user or not.
     *
     * @return bool
     * @api
     */
    static public function isUserIsAnonymous()
    {
        return Piwik::getCurrentUserLogin() == 'anonymous';
    }

    /**
     * Checks that the user is not the anonymous user.
     *
     * @throws NoAccessException if the current user is the anonymous user.
     * @api
     */
    static public function checkUserIsNotAnonymous()
    {
        if (Access::getInstance()->hasSuperUserAccess()) {
            return;
        }
        if (self::isUserIsAnonymous()) {
            throw new NoAccessException(Piwik::translate('General_YouMustBeLoggedIn'));
        }
    }

    /**
     * Helper method user to set the current as superuser.
     * This should be used with great care as this gives the user all permissions.
     *
     * @param bool $bool true to set current user as Super User
     */
    static public function setUserHasSuperUserAccess($bool = true)
    {
        Access::getInstance()->setSuperUserAccess($bool);
    }

    /**
     * Check that the current user has superuser access.
     *
     * @throws Exception if the current user is not the superuser.
     * @api
     */
    static public function checkUserHasSuperUserAccess()
    {
        Access::getInstance()->checkUserHasSuperUserAccess();
    }

    /**
     * Returns `true` if the user has admin access to the requested sites, `false` if otherwise.
     *
     * @param int|array $idSites The list of site IDs to check access for.
     * @return bool
     * @api
     */
    static public function isUserHasAdminAccess($idSites)
    {
        try {
            self::checkUserHasAdminAccess($idSites);
            return true;
        } catch (Exception $e) {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Checks that the current user has admin access to the requested list of sites.
     *
     * @param int|array $idSites One or more site IDs to check access for.
     * @throws Exception If user doesn't have admin access.
     * @api
     */
    static public function checkUserHasAdminAccess($idSites)
    {
        Access::getInstance()->checkUserHasAdminAccess($idSites);
    }

    /**
     * Returns `true` if the current user has admin access to at least one site.
     *
     * @return bool
     * @api
     */
    static public function isUserHasSomeAdminAccess()
    {
        try {
            self::checkUserHasSomeAdminAccess();
            return true;
        } catch (Exception $e) {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Checks that the current user has admin access to at least one site.
     *
     * @throws Exception if user doesn't have admin access to any site.
     * @api
     */
    static public function checkUserHasSomeAdminAccess()
    {
        Access::getInstance()->checkUserHasSomeAdminAccess();
    }

    /**
     * Returns `true` if the user has view access to the requested list of sites.
     *
     * @param int|array $idSites One or more site IDs to check access for.
     * @return bool
     * @api
     */
    static public function isUserHasViewAccess($idSites)
    {
        try {
            self::checkUserHasViewAccess($idSites);
            return true;
        } catch (Exception $e) {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Checks that the current user has view access to the requested list of sites
     *
     * @param int|array $idSites The list of site IDs to check access for.
     * @throws Exception if the current user does not have view access to every site in the list.
     * @api
     */
    static public function checkUserHasViewAccess($idSites)
    {
        Access::getInstance()->checkUserHasViewAccess($idSites);
    }

    /**
     * Returns `true` if the current user has view access to at least one site.
     *
     * @return bool
     * @api
     */
    static public function isUserHasSomeViewAccess()
    {
        try {
            self::checkUserHasSomeViewAccess();
            return true;
        } catch (Exception $e) {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Checks that the current user has view access to at least one site.
     *
     * @throws Exception if user doesn't have view access to any site.
     * @api
     */
    static public function checkUserHasSomeViewAccess()
    {
        Access::getInstance()->checkUserHasSomeViewAccess();
    }

    /*
     * Current module, action, plugin
     */

    /**
     * Returns the name of the Login plugin currently being used.
     * Must be used since it is not allowed to hardcode 'Login' in URLs
     * in case another Login plugin is being used.
     *
     * @return string
     */
    static public function getLoginPluginName()
    {
        return Registry::get('auth')->getName();
    }

    /**
     * Returns the plugin currently being used to display the page
     *
     * @return Plugin
     */
    static public function getCurrentPlugin()
    {
        return \Piwik\Plugin\Manager::getInstance()->getLoadedPlugin(Piwik::getModule());
    }

    /**
     * Returns the current module read from the URL (eg. 'API', 'UserSettings', etc.)
     *
     * @return string
     */
    static public function getModule()
    {
        return Common::getRequestVar('module', '', 'string');
    }

    /**
     * Returns the current action read from the URL
     *
     * @return string
     */
    static public function getAction()
    {
        return Common::getRequestVar('action', '', 'string');
    }

    /**
     * Helper method used in API function to introduce array elements in API parameters.
     * Array elements can be passed by comma separated values, or using the notation
     * array[]=value1&array[]=value2 in the URL.
     * This function will handle both cases and return the array.
     *
     * @param array|string $columns
     * @return array
     */
    static public function getArrayFromApiParameter($columns)
    {
        if (empty($columns)) {
            return array();
        }
        if (is_array($columns)) {
            return $columns;
        }
        $array = explode(',', $columns);
        $array = array_unique($array);
        return $array;
    }

    /**
     * Redirects the current request to a new module and action.
     *
     * @param string $newModule The target module, eg, `'UserCountry'`.
     * @param string $newAction The target controller action, eg, `'index'`.
     * @param array $parameters The query parameter values to modify before redirecting.
     * @api
     */
    static public function redirectToModule($newModule, $newAction = '', $parameters = array())
    {
        $newUrl = 'index.php' . Url::getCurrentQueryStringWithParametersModified(
                array('module' => $newModule, 'action' => $newAction)
                + $parameters
            );
        Url::redirectToUrl($newUrl);
    }

    /*
     * User input validation
     */

    /**
     * Returns `true` if supplied the email address is a valid.
     *
     * @param string $emailAddress
     * @return bool
     * @api
     */
    static public function isValidEmailString($emailAddress)
    {
        return (preg_match('/^[a-zA-Z0-9_.+-]+@[a-zA-Z0-9_.-]+\.[a-zA-Z]{2,7}$/D', $emailAddress) > 0);
    }

    /**
     * Returns `true` if the login is valid.
     * 
     * _Warning: does not check if the login already exists! You must use UsersManager_API->userExists as well._
     *
     * @param string $userLogin
     * @throws Exception
     * @return bool
     */
    static public function checkValidLoginString($userLogin)
    {
        if (!SettingsPiwik::isUserCredentialsSanityCheckEnabled()
            && !empty($userLogin)
        ) {
            return;
        }
        $loginMinimumLength = 3;
        $loginMaximumLength = 100;
        $l = strlen($userLogin);
        if (!($l >= $loginMinimumLength
            && $l <= $loginMaximumLength
            && (preg_match('/^[A-Za-z0-9_.@+-]*$/D', $userLogin) > 0))
        ) {
            throw new Exception(Piwik::translate('UsersManager_ExceptionInvalidLoginFormat', array($loginMinimumLength, $loginMaximumLength)));
        }
    }

    /**
     * Utility function that checks if an object type is in a set of types.
     *
     * @param mixed $o
     * @param array $types List of class names that $o is expected to be one of.
     * @throws Exception if $o is not an instance of the types contained in $types.
     */
    static public function checkObjectTypeIs($o, $types)
    {
        foreach ($types as $type) {
            if ($o instanceof $type) {
                return;
            }
        }

        $oType = is_object($o) ? get_class($o) : gettype($o);
        throw new Exception("Invalid variable type '$oType', expected one of following: " . implode(', ', $types));
    }

    /**
     * Returns true if an array is an associative array, false if otherwise.
     *
     * This method determines if an array is associative by checking that the
     * first element's key is 0, and that each successive element's key is
     * one greater than the last.
     *
     * @param array $array
     * @return bool
     */
    static public function isAssociativeArray($array)
    {
        reset($array);
        if (!is_numeric(key($array))
            || key($array) != 0
        ) // first key must be 0
        {
            return true;
        }

        // check that each key is == next key - 1 w/o actually indexing the array
        while (true) {
            $current = key($array);

            next($array);
            $next = key($array);

            if ($next === null) {
                break;
            } else if ($current + 1 != $next) {
                return true;
            }
        }

        return false;
    }


    /**
     * Returns the class name of an object without its namespace.
     *
     * @param mixed|string $object
     * @return string
     */
    public static function getUnnamespacedClassName($object)
    {
        $className = is_string($object) ? $object : get_class($object);
        $parts = explode('\\', $className);
        return end($parts);
    }


    /**
     * Post an event to Piwik's event dispatcher which will execute the event's observers.
     *
     * @param string $eventName The event name.
     * @param array $params The parameter array to forward to observer callbacks.
     * @param bool $pending If true, plugins that are loaded after this event is fired will
     *                      have their observers for this event executed.
     * @param array|null $plugins The list of plugins to execute observers for. If null, all
     *                            plugin observers will be executed.
     * @api
     */
    public static function postEvent($eventName, $params = array(), $pending = false, $plugins = null)
    {
        EventDispatcher::getInstance()->postEvent($eventName, $params, $pending, $plugins);
    }

    /**
     * Register an observer to an event.
     * 
     * **_Note: Observers should normally be defined in plugin objects. It is unlikely that you will
     * need to use this function._**
     *
     * @param string $eventName The event name.
     * @param callable|array $function The observer.
     * @api
     */
    public static function addAction($eventName, $function)
    {
        EventDispatcher::getInstance()->addObserver($eventName, $function);
    }

    /**
     * Posts an event if we are currently running tests. Whether we are running tests is
     * determined by looking for the PIWIK_TEST_MODE constant.
     */
    public static function postTestEvent($eventName, $params = array(), $pending = false, $plugins = null)
    {
        if (defined('PIWIK_TEST_MODE')) {
            Piwik::postEvent($eventName, $params, $pending, $plugins);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Returns an internationalized string using a translation token. If a translation
     * cannot be found for the toke, the token is returned.
     *
     * @param string $translationId Translation ID, eg, `'General_Date'`.
     * @param array|string|int $args `sprintf` arguments to be applied to the internationalized
     *                               string.
     * @return string The translated string or `$translationId`.
     * @api
     */
    public static function translate($translationId, $args = array())
    {
        if (!is_array($args)) {
            $args = array($args);
        }

        if (strpos($translationId, "_") !== false) {
            list($plugin, $key) = explode("_", $translationId, 2);
            if (isset($GLOBALS['Piwik_translations'][$plugin]) && isset($GLOBALS['Piwik_translations'][$plugin][$key])) {
                $translationId = $GLOBALS['Piwik_translations'][$plugin][$key];
            }
        }
        if (count($args) == 0) {
            return $translationId;
        }
        return vsprintf($translationId, $args);
    }

    protected static function getJavascriptTagOptions($idSite, $mergeSubdomains, $mergeAliasUrls)
    {
        try {
            $websiteUrls = APISitesManager::getInstance()->getSiteUrlsFromId($idSite);
        } catch (\Exception $e) {
            return '';
        }
        // We need to parse_url to isolate hosts
        $websiteHosts = array();
        foreach ($websiteUrls as $site_url) {
            $referrerParsed = parse_url($site_url);
            $websiteHosts[] = $referrerParsed['host'];
        }
        $options = '';
        if ($mergeSubdomains && !empty($websiteHosts)) {
            $options .= '  _paq.push(["setCookieDomain", "*.' . $websiteHosts[0] . '"]);' . PHP_EOL;
        }
        if ($mergeAliasUrls && !empty($websiteHosts)) {
            $urls = '["*.' . implode('","*.', $websiteHosts) . '"]';
            $options .= '  _paq.push(["setDomains", ' . $urls . ']);' . PHP_EOL;
        }
        return $options;
    }
}
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