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  55  <div class="section" id="faq-frequently-asked-questions">
  56<span id="faq"></span><h1>FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions<a class="headerlink" href="#faq-frequently-asked-questions" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h1>
  57<p>Please have a look at our <a class="reference external" href="http://www.phpmyadmin.net/home_page/docs.php">Link section</a> on the official
  58phpMyAdmin homepage for in-depth coverage of phpMyAdmin&#8217;s features and
  59or interface.</p>
  60<div class="section" id="server">
  61<span id="faqserver"></span><h2>Server<a class="headerlink" href="#server" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
  62<div class="section" id="my-server-is-crashing-each-time-a-specific-action-is-required-or-phpmyadmin-sends-a-blank-page-or-a-page-full-of-cryptic-characters-to-my-browser-what-can-i-do">
  63<span id="faq1-1"></span><h3>1.1 My server is crashing each time a specific action is required or phpMyAdmin sends a blank page or a page full of cryptic characters to my browser, what can I do?<a class="headerlink" href="#my-server-is-crashing-each-time-a-specific-action-is-required-or-phpmyadmin-sends-a-blank-page-or-a-page-full-of-cryptic-characters-to-my-browser-what-can-i-do" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
  64<p>Try to set the <span class="target" id="index-0"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_OBGzip"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['OBGzip']</span></tt></a>  directive to <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">false</span></tt> in your
  65<tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">config.inc.php</span></tt> file and the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">zlib.output_compression</span></tt> directive to
  66<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Off</span></tt> in your php configuration file.</p>
  67</div>
  68<div class="section" id="my-apache-server-crashes-when-using-phpmyadmin">
  69<span id="faq1-2"></span><h3>1.2 My Apache server crashes when using phpMyAdmin.<a class="headerlink" href="#my-apache-server-crashes-when-using-phpmyadmin" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
  70<p>You should first try the latest versions of Apache (and possibly MySQL). If
  71your server keeps crashing, please ask for help in the various Apache support
  72groups.</p>
  73<div class="admonition-see-also admonition seealso">
  74<p class="first admonition-title">See also</p>
  75<p class="last"><a class="reference internal" href="#faq1-1"><em>1.1 My server is crashing each time a specific action is required or phpMyAdmin sends a blank page or a page full of cryptic characters to my browser, what can I do?</em></a></p>
  76</div>
  77</div>
  78<div class="section" id="withdrawn">
  79<span id="faq1-3"></span><h3>1.3 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#withdrawn" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
  80</div>
  81<div class="section" id="using-phpmyadmin-on-iis-i-m-displayed-the-error-message-the-specified-cgi-application-misbehaved-by-not-returning-a-complete-set-of-http-headers">
  82<span id="faq1-4"></span><h3>1.4 Using phpMyAdmin on IIS, I&#8217;m displayed the error message: &#8220;The specified CGI application misbehaved by not returning a complete set of HTTP headers ...&#8221;.<a class="headerlink" href="#using-phpmyadmin-on-iis-i-m-displayed-the-error-message-the-specified-cgi-application-misbehaved-by-not-returning-a-complete-set-of-http-headers" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
  83<p>You just forgot to read the <em>install.txt</em> file from the PHP
  84distribution. Have a look at the last message in this <a class="reference external" href="http://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=12061">PHP bug report #12061</a> from the official PHP bug
  85database.</p>
  86</div>
  87<div class="section" id="using-phpmyadmin-on-iis-i-m-facing-crashes-and-or-many-error-messages-with-the-http">
  88<span id="faq1-5"></span><h3>1.5 Using phpMyAdmin on IIS, I&#8217;m facing crashes and/or many error messages with the HTTP.<a class="headerlink" href="#using-phpmyadmin-on-iis-i-m-facing-crashes-and-or-many-error-messages-with-the-http" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
  89<p>This is a known problem with the PHP <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-isapi"><em class="xref std std-term">ISAPI</em></a> filter: it&#8217;s not so stable.
  90Please use instead the cookie authentication mode.</p>
  91</div>
  92<div class="section" id="i-can-t-use-phpmyadmin-on-pws-nothing-is-displayed">
  93<span id="faq1-6"></span><h3>1.6 I can&#8217;t use phpMyAdmin on PWS: nothing is displayed!<a class="headerlink" href="#i-can-t-use-phpmyadmin-on-pws-nothing-is-displayed" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
  94<p>This seems to be a PWS bug. Filippo Simoncini found a workaround (at
  95this time there is no better fix): remove or comment the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">DOCTYPE</span></tt>
  96declarations (2 lines) from the scripts <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">libraries/Header.class.php</span></tt>
  97and <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">index.php</span></tt>.</p>
  98</div>
  99<div class="section" id="how-can-i-gzip-a-dump-or-a-csv-export-it-does-not-seem-to-work">
 100<span id="faq1-7"></span><h3>1.7 How can I GZip a dump or a CSV export? It does not seem to work.<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-gzip-a-dump-or-a-csv-export-it-does-not-seem-to-work" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 101<p>This feature is based on the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gzencode()</span></tt>
 102PHP function to be more independent of the platform (Unix/Windows,
 103Safe Mode or not, and so on). So, you must have Zlib support
 104(<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">--with-zlib</span></tt>).</p>
 105</div>
 106<div class="section" id="i-cannot-insert-a-text-file-in-a-table-and-i-get-an-error-about-safe-mode-being-in-effect">
 107<span id="faq1-8"></span><h3>1.8 I cannot insert a text file in a table, and I get an error about safe mode being in effect.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-cannot-insert-a-text-file-in-a-table-and-i-get-an-error-about-safe-mode-being-in-effect" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 108<p>Your uploaded file is saved by PHP in the &#8220;upload dir&#8221;, as defined in
 109<tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">php.ini</span></tt> by the variable <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">upload_tmp_dir</span></tt> (usually the system
 110default is <em>/tmp</em>). We recommend the following setup for Apache
 111servers running in safe mode, to enable uploads of files while being
 112reasonably secure:</p>
 113<ul class="simple">
 114<li>create a separate directory for uploads: <strong class="command">mkdir /tmp/php</strong></li>
 115<li>give ownership to the Apache server&#8217;s user.group: <strong class="command">chown
 116apache.apache /tmp/php</strong></li>
 117<li>give proper permission: <strong class="command">chmod 600 /tmp/php</strong></li>
 118<li>put <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">upload_tmp_dir</span> <span class="pre">=</span> <span class="pre">/tmp/php</span></tt> in <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">php.ini</span></tt></li>
 119<li>restart Apache</li>
 120</ul>
 121</div>
 122<div class="section" id="faq1-9">
 123<span id="id1"></span><h3>1.9 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faq1-9" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 124</div>
 125<div class="section" id="i-m-having-troubles-when-uploading-files-with-phpmyadmin-running-on-a-secure-server-my-browser-is-internet-explorer-and-i-m-using-the-apache-server">
 126<span id="faq1-10"></span><h3>1.10 I&#8217;m having troubles when uploading files with phpMyAdmin running on a secure server. My browser is Internet Explorer and I&#8217;m using the Apache server.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-m-having-troubles-when-uploading-files-with-phpmyadmin-running-on-a-secure-server-my-browser-is-internet-explorer-and-i-m-using-the-apache-server" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 127<p>As suggested by &#8220;Rob M&#8221; in the phpWizard forum, add this line to your
 128<em>httpd.conf</em>:</p>
 129<div class="highlight-apache"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="nb">SetEnvIf</span> <span class="k">User</span>-Agent <span class="s2">&quot;.*MSIE.*&quot;</span> nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown
 130</pre></div>
 131</div>
 132<p>It seems to clear up many problems between Internet Explorer and SSL.</p>
 133</div>
 134<div class="section" id="i-get-an-open-basedir-restriction-while-uploading-a-file-from-the-query-box">
 135<span id="faq1-11"></span><h3>1.11 I get an &#8216;open_basedir restriction&#8217; while uploading a file from the query box.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-get-an-open-basedir-restriction-while-uploading-a-file-from-the-query-box" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 136<p>Since version 2.2.4, phpMyAdmin supports servers with open_basedir
 137restrictions. However you need to create temporary directory and configure it
 138as <span class="target" id="index-1"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_TempDir"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['TempDir']</span></tt></a>. The uploaded files will be moved there,
 139and after execution of your <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-sql"><em class="xref std std-term">SQL</em></a> commands, removed.</p>
 140</div>
 141<div class="section" id="i-have-lost-my-mysql-root-password-what-can-i-do">
 142<span id="faq1-12"></span><h3>1.12 I have lost my MySQL root password, what can I do?<a class="headerlink" href="#i-have-lost-my-mysql-root-password-what-can-i-do" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 143<p>The MySQL manual explains how to <a class="reference external" href="http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/resetting-permissions.html">reset the permissions</a>.</p>
 144</div>
 145<div class="section" id="faq1-13">
 146<span id="id2"></span><h3>1.13 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faq1-13" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 147</div>
 148<div class="section" id="faq1-14">
 149<span id="id3"></span><h3>1.14 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faq1-14" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 150</div>
 151<div class="section" id="i-have-problems-with-mysql-user-column-names">
 152<span id="faq1-15"></span><h3>1.15 I have problems with <em>mysql.user</em> column names.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-have-problems-with-mysql-user-column-names" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 153<p>In previous MySQL versions, the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">User</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Password``columns</span> <span class="pre">were</span>
 154<span class="pre">named</span> <span class="pre">``user</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">password</span></tt>. Please modify your column names to
 155align with current standards.</p>
 156</div>
 157<div class="section" id="i-cannot-upload-big-dump-files-memory-http-or-timeout-problems">
 158<span id="faq1-16"></span><h3>1.16 I cannot upload big dump files (memory, HTTP or timeout problems).<a class="headerlink" href="#i-cannot-upload-big-dump-files-memory-http-or-timeout-problems" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 159<p>Starting with version 2.7.0, the import engine has been re–written and
 160these problems should not occur. If possible, upgrade your phpMyAdmin
 161to the latest version to take advantage of the new import features.</p>
 162<p>The first things to check (or ask your host provider to check) are the
 163values of <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">upload_max_filesize</span></tt>, <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">memory_limit</span></tt> and
 164<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">post_max_size</span></tt> in the <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">php.ini</span></tt> configuration file. All of these
 165three settings limit the maximum size of data that can be submitted
 166and handled by PHP. One user also said that <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">post_max_size</span></tt> and
 167<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">memory_limit</span></tt> need to be larger than <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">upload_max_filesize</span></tt>.
 168There exist several workarounds if your upload is too big or your
 169hosting provider is unwilling to change the settings:</p>
 170<ul>
 171<li><p class="first">Look at the <span class="target" id="index-2"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_UploadDir"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['UploadDir']</span></tt></a> feature. This allows one to upload a file to the server
 172via scp, ftp, or your favorite file transfer method. PhpMyAdmin is
 173then able to import the files from the temporary directory. More
 174information is available in the <a class="reference internal" href="config.html#config"><em>Configuration</em></a>  of this document.</p>
 175</li>
 176<li><p class="first">Using a utility (such as <a class="reference external" href="http://www.ozerov.de/bigdump.php">BigDump</a>) to split the files before
 177uploading. We cannot support this or any third party applications, but
 178are aware of users having success with it.</p>
 179</li>
 180<li><p class="first">If you have shell (command line) access, use MySQL to import the files
 181directly. You can do this by issuing the &#8220;source&#8221; command from within
 182MySQL:</p>
 183<div class="highlight-mysql"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="n">source</span> <span class="n">filename</span><span class="p">.</span><span class="k">sql</span><span class="p">;</span>
 184</pre></div>
 185</div>
 186</li>
 187</ul>
 188</div>
 189<div class="section" id="which-mysql-versions-does-phpmyadmin-support">
 190<span id="faq1-17"></span><h3>1.17 Which MySQL versions does phpMyAdmin support?<a class="headerlink" href="#which-mysql-versions-does-phpmyadmin-support" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 191<p>Since phpMyAdmin 3.0.x, only MySQL 5.0.1 and newer are supported. For
 192older MySQL versions, you need to use the latest 2.x branch.
 193phpMyAdmin can connect to your MySQL server using PHP&#8217;s classic <a class="reference external" href="http://php.net/mysql">MySQL
 194extension</a> as well as the <a class="reference external" href="http://php.net/mysqli">improved MySQL
 195extension (MySQLi)</a> that is available in PHP
 1965.0. The latter one should be used unless you have a good reason not
 197to do so. When compiling PHP, we strongly recommend that you manually
 198link the MySQL extension of your choice to a MySQL client library of
 199at least the same minor version since the one that is bundled with
 200some PHP distributions is rather old and might cause problems see
 201<a class="reference internal" href="#faq1-17a"><em>1.17a I cannot connect to the MySQL server. It always returns the error message, &#8220;Client does not support authentication protocol requested by server; consider upgrading MySQL client&#8221;</em></a>. <a class="reference external" href="http://mariadb.org/">MariaDB</a> is also supported
 202(versions 5.1 and 5.2 were tested).</p>
 203<p class="versionchanged">
 204<span class="versionmodified">Changed in version 3.5: </span>Since phpMyAdmin 3.5 <a class="reference external" href="http://www.drizzle.org/">Drizzle</a> is supported.</p>
 205</div>
 206<div class="section" id="a-i-cannot-connect-to-the-mysql-server-it-always-returns-the-error-message-client-does-not-support-authentication-protocol-requested-by-server-consider-upgrading-mysql-client">
 207<span id="faq1-17a"></span><h3>1.17a I cannot connect to the MySQL server. It always returns the error message, &#8220;Client does not support authentication protocol requested by server; consider upgrading MySQL client&#8221;<a class="headerlink" href="#a-i-cannot-connect-to-the-mysql-server-it-always-returns-the-error-message-client-does-not-support-authentication-protocol-requested-by-server-consider-upgrading-mysql-client" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 208<p>You tried to access MySQL with an old MySQL client library. The
 209version of your MySQL client library can be checked in your phpinfo()
 210output. In general, it should have at least the same minor version as
 211your server - as mentioned in <a class="reference internal" href="#faq1-17"><em>1.17 Which MySQL versions does phpMyAdmin support?</em></a>. This problem is
 212generally caused by using MySQL version 4.1 or newer. MySQL changed
 213the authentication hash and your PHP is trying to use the old method.
 214The proper solution is to use the <a class="reference external" href="http://www.php.net/mysqli">mysqli extension</a> with the proper client library to match
 215your MySQL installation. More
 216information (and several workarounds) are located in the <a class="reference external" href="http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/old-client.html">MySQL
 217Documentation</a>.</p>
 218</div>
 219<div class="section" id="faq1-18">
 220<span id="id4"></span><h3>1.18 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faq1-18" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 221</div>
 222<div class="section" id="i-can-t-run-the-display-relations-feature-because-the-script-seems-not-to-know-the-font-face-i-m-using">
 223<span id="faq1-19"></span><h3>1.19 I can&#8217;t run the &#8220;display relations&#8221; feature because the script seems not to know the font face I&#8217;m using!<a class="headerlink" href="#i-can-t-run-the-display-relations-feature-because-the-script-seems-not-to-know-the-font-face-i-m-using" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 224<p>The <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-tcpdf"><em class="xref std std-term">TCPDF</em></a> library we&#8217;re using for this feature requires some special
 225files to use font faces. Please refers to the <a class="reference external" href="http://www.tcpdf.org/">TCPDF manual</a> to build these files.</p>
 226</div>
 227<div class="section" id="i-receive-an-error-about-missing-mysqli-and-mysql-extensions">
 228<span id="faqmysql"></span><h3>1.20 I receive an error about missing mysqli and mysql extensions.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-receive-an-error-about-missing-mysqli-and-mysql-extensions" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 229<p>To connect to a MySQL server, PHP needs a set of MySQL functions
 230called &#8220;MySQL extension&#8221;. This extension may be part of the PHP
 231distribution (compiled-in), otherwise it needs to be loaded
 232dynamically. Its name is probably <em>mysqli.so</em> or <em>php_mysqli.dll</em>.
 233phpMyAdmin tried to load the extension but failed. Usually, the
 234problem is solved by installing a software package called &#8220;PHP-MySQL&#8221;
 235or something similar.</p>
 236<p>There are currently two interfaces PHP provides as MySQL extensions - <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mysql</span></tt>
 237and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mysqli</span></tt>. The <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mysqli</span></tt> is tried first, because it&#8217;s the best one.</p>
 238</div>
 239<div class="section" id="i-am-running-the-cgi-version-of-php-under-unix-and-i-cannot-log-in-using-cookie-auth">
 240<span id="faq1-21"></span><h3>1.21 I am running the CGI version of PHP under Unix, and I cannot log in using cookie auth.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-am-running-the-cgi-version-of-php-under-unix-and-i-cannot-log-in-using-cookie-auth" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 241<p>In <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">php.ini</span></tt>, set <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mysql.max_links</span></tt> higher than 1.</p>
 242</div>
 243<div class="section" id="i-don-t-see-the-location-of-text-file-field-so-i-cannot-upload">
 244<span id="faq1-22"></span><h3>1.22 I don&#8217;t see the &#8220;Location of text file&#8221; field, so I cannot upload.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-don-t-see-the-location-of-text-file-field-so-i-cannot-upload" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 245<p>This is most likely because in <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">php.ini</span></tt>, your <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">file_uploads</span></tt>
 246parameter is not set to &#8220;on&#8221;.</p>
 247</div>
 248<div class="section" id="i-m-running-mysql-on-a-win32-machine-each-time-i-create-a-new-table-the-table-and-column-names-are-changed-to-lowercase">
 249<span id="faq1-23"></span><h3>1.23 I&#8217;m running MySQL on a Win32 machine. Each time I create a new table the table and column names are changed to lowercase!<a class="headerlink" href="#i-m-running-mysql-on-a-win32-machine-each-time-i-create-a-new-table-the-table-and-column-names-are-changed-to-lowercase" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 250<p>This happens because the MySQL directive <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">lower_case_table_names</span></tt>
 251defaults to 1 (<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">ON</span></tt>) in the Win32 version of MySQL. You can change
 252this behavior by simply changing the directive to 0 (<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">OFF</span></tt>): Just
 253edit your <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">my.ini</span></tt> file that should be located in your Windows
 254directory and add the following line to the group [mysqld]:</p>
 255<div class="highlight-ini"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="na">set-variable</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s">lower_case_table_names=0</span>
 256</pre></div>
 257</div>
 258<p>Next, save the file and restart the MySQL service. You can always
 259check the value of this directive using the query</p>
 260<div class="highlight-mysql"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="k">SHOW</span> <span class="n">VARIABLES</span> <span class="k">LIKE</span> <span class="s1">&#39;lower_case_table_names&#39;</span><span class="p">;</span>
 261</pre></div>
 262</div>
 263</div>
 264<div class="section" id="faq1-24">
 265<span id="id5"></span><h3>1.24 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faq1-24" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 266</div>
 267<div class="section" id="i-am-running-apache-with-mod-gzip-1-3-26-1a-on-windows-xp-and-i-get-problems-such-as-undefined-variables-when-i-run-a-sql-query">
 268<span id="faq1-25"></span><h3>1.25 I am running Apache with mod_gzip-1.3.26.1a on Windows XP, and I get problems, such as undefined variables when I run a SQL query.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-am-running-apache-with-mod-gzip-1-3-26-1a-on-windows-xp-and-i-get-problems-such-as-undefined-variables-when-i-run-a-sql-query" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 269<p>A tip from Jose Fandos: put a comment on the following two lines in
 270httpd.conf, like this:</p>
 271<div class="highlight-apache"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="c"># mod_gzip_item_include file \.php$</span>
 272<span class="c"># mod_gzip_item_include mime &quot;application/x-httpd-php.*&quot;</span>
 273</pre></div>
 274</div>
 275<p>as this version of mod_gzip on Apache (Windows) has problems handling
 276PHP scripts. Of course you have to restart Apache.</p>
 277</div>
 278<div class="section" id="i-just-installed-phpmyadmin-in-my-document-root-of-iis-but-i-get-the-error-no-input-file-specified-when-trying-to-run-phpmyadmin">
 279<span id="faq1-26"></span><h3>1.26 I just installed phpMyAdmin in my document root of IIS but I get the error &#8220;No input file specified&#8221; when trying to run phpMyAdmin.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-just-installed-phpmyadmin-in-my-document-root-of-iis-but-i-get-the-error-no-input-file-specified-when-trying-to-run-phpmyadmin" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 280<p>This is a permission problem. Right-click on the phpmyadmin folder and
 281choose properties. Under the tab Security, click on &#8220;Add&#8221; and select
 282the user &#8220;IUSR_machine&#8221; from the list. Now set his permissions and it
 283should work.</p>
 284</div>
 285<div class="section" id="i-get-empty-page-when-i-want-to-view-huge-page-eg-db-structure-php-with-plenty-of-tables">
 286<span id="faq1-27"></span><h3>1.27 I get empty page when I want to view huge page (eg. db_structure.php with plenty of tables).<a class="headerlink" href="#i-get-empty-page-when-i-want-to-view-huge-page-eg-db-structure-php-with-plenty-of-tables" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 287<p>This was caused by a <a class="reference external" href="http://bugs.php.net/21079">PHP bug</a> that occur when
 288GZIP output buffering is enabled. If you turn off it (by
 289<span class="target" id="index-3"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_OBGzip"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['OBGzip']</span></tt></a> in <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">config.inc.php</span></tt>), it should work.
 290This bug will has been fixed in PHP 5.0.0.</p>
 291</div>
 292<div class="section" id="my-mysql-server-sometimes-refuses-queries-and-returns-the-message-errorcode-13-what-does-this-mean">
 293<span id="faq1-28"></span><h3>1.28 My MySQL server sometimes refuses queries and returns the message &#8216;Errorcode: 13&#8217;. What does this mean?<a class="headerlink" href="#my-mysql-server-sometimes-refuses-queries-and-returns-the-message-errorcode-13-what-does-this-mean" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 294<p>This can happen due to a MySQL bug when having database / table names
 295with upper case characters although <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">lower_case_table_names</span></tt> is
 296set to 1. To fix this, turn off this directive, convert all database
 297and table names to lower case and turn it on again. Alternatively,
 298there&#8217;s a bug-fix available starting with MySQL&nbsp;3.23.56 /
 2994.0.11-gamma.</p>
 300</div>
 301<div class="section" id="when-i-create-a-table-or-modify-a-column-i-get-an-error-and-the-columns-are-duplicated">
 302<span id="faq1-29"></span><h3>1.29 When I create a table or modify a column, I get an error and the columns are duplicated.<a class="headerlink" href="#when-i-create-a-table-or-modify-a-column-i-get-an-error-and-the-columns-are-duplicated" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 303<p>It is possible to configure Apache in such a way that PHP has problems
 304interpreting .php files.</p>
 305<p>The problems occur when two different (and conflicting) set of
 306directives are used:</p>
 307<div class="highlight-apache"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="nb">SetOutputFilter</span> PHP
 308<span class="nb">SetInputFilter</span> PHP
 309</pre></div>
 310</div>
 311<p>and</p>
 312<div class="highlight-apache"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="nb">AddType</span> application/x-httpd-php .php
 313</pre></div>
 314</div>
 315<p>In the case we saw, one set of directives was in
 316<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf</span></tt>, while the other set was in
 317<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">/etc/httpd/conf/addon-modules/php.conf</span></tt>. The recommended way is
 318with <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">AddType</span></tt>, so just comment out the first set of lines and
 319restart Apache:</p>
 320<div class="highlight-apache"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="c">#SetOutputFilter PHP</span>
 321<span class="c">#SetInputFilter PHP</span>
 322</pre></div>
 323</div>
 324</div>
 325<div class="section" id="i-get-the-error-navigation-php-missing-hash">
 326<span id="faq1-30"></span><h3>1.30 I get the error &#8220;navigation.php: Missing hash&#8221;.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-get-the-error-navigation-php-missing-hash" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 327<p>This problem is known to happen when the server is running Turck
 328MMCache but upgrading MMCache to version 2.3.21 solves the problem.</p>
 329</div>
 330<div class="section" id="does-phpmyadmin-support-php-5">
 331<span id="faq1-31"></span><h3>1.31 Does phpMyAdmin support PHP 5?<a class="headerlink" href="#does-phpmyadmin-support-php-5" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 332<p>Yes.</p>
 333<p>Since release 4.1 phpMyAdmin supports only PHP 5.3 and newer. For PHP 5.2 you
 334can use 4.0.x releases.</p>
 335</div>
 336<div class="section" id="can-i-use-http-authentication-with-iis">
 337<span id="faq1-32"></span><h3>1.32 Can I use HTTP authentication with IIS?<a class="headerlink" href="#can-i-use-http-authentication-with-iis" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 338<p>Yes. This procedure was tested with phpMyAdmin 2.6.1, PHP 4.3.9 in
 339<a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-isapi"><em class="xref std std-term">ISAPI</em></a> mode under <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-iis"><em class="xref std std-term">IIS</em></a> 5.1.</p>
 340<ol class="arabic simple">
 341<li>In your <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">php.ini</span></tt> file, set <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">cgi.rfc2616_headers</span> <span class="pre">=</span> <span class="pre">0</span></tt></li>
 342<li>In <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Web</span> <span class="pre">Site</span> <span class="pre">Properties</span> <span class="pre">-&gt;</span> <span class="pre">File/Directory</span> <span class="pre">Security</span> <span class="pre">-&gt;</span> <span class="pre">Anonymous</span>
 343<span class="pre">Access</span></tt> dialog box, check the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Anonymous</span> <span class="pre">access</span></tt> checkbox and
 344uncheck any other checkboxes (i.e. uncheck <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Basic</span> <span class="pre">authentication</span></tt>,
 345<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Integrated</span> <span class="pre">Windows</span> <span class="pre">authentication</span></tt>, and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Digest</span></tt> if it&#8217;s
 346enabled.) Click <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">OK</span></tt>.</li>
 347<li>In <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Custom</span> <span class="pre">Errors</span></tt>, select the range of <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">401;1</span></tt> through <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">401;5</span></tt>
 348and click the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Set</span> <span class="pre">to</span> <span class="pre">Default</span></tt> button.</li>
 349</ol>
 350<div class="admonition-see-also admonition seealso">
 351<p class="first admonition-title">See also</p>
 352<p class="last"><span class="target" id="index-4"></span><a class="rfc reference external" href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2616.html"><strong>RFC 2616</strong></a></p>
 353</div>
 354</div>
 355<div class="section" id="faq1-33">
 356<span id="id6"></span><h3>1.33 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faq1-33" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 357</div>
 358<div class="section" id="can-i-access-directly-to-database-or-table-pages">
 359<span id="faq1-34"></span><h3>1.34 Can I access directly to database or table pages?<a class="headerlink" href="#can-i-access-directly-to-database-or-table-pages" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 360<p>Yes. Out of the box, you can use <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-url"><em class="xref std std-term">URL</em></a> like
 361<a class="reference external" href="http://server/phpMyAdmin/index.php?server=X&amp;db=database&amp;table=table&amp;target=script">http://server/phpMyAdmin/index.php?server=X&amp;db=database&amp;table=table&amp;target=script</a>.
 362For <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">server</span></tt> you use the server number
 363which refers to the order of the server paragraph in
 364<tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">config.inc.php</span></tt>. Table and script parts are optional. If you want
 365<a class="reference external" href="http://server/phpMyAdmin/database[/table][/script">http://server/phpMyAdmin/database[/table][/script</a>] <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-url"><em class="xref std std-term">URL</em></a>, you need to do some configuration. Following
 366lines apply only for <a class="reference external" href="http://httpd.apache.org">Apache</a> web server.
 367First make sure, that you have enabled some features within global
 368configuration. You need <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Options</span> <span class="pre">FollowSymLinks</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">AllowOverride</span>
 369<span class="pre">FileInfo</span></tt> enabled for directory where phpMyAdmin is installed and you
 370need mod_rewrite to be enabled. Then you just need to create
 371following <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-htaccess"><em class="xref std std-term">.htaccess</em></a> file in root folder of phpMyAdmin installation (don&#8217;t
 372forget to change directory name inside of it):</p>
 373<div class="highlight-apache"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="nb">RewriteEngine</span> <span class="k">On</span>
 374<span class="nb">RewriteBase</span> <span class="sx">/path_to_phpMyAdmin</span>
 375<span class="nb">RewriteRule</span> ^([a-zA-Z0-9_]+)/([a-zA-Z0-9_]+)/([a-z_]+\.php)$ index.php?db=$1&amp;table=$2&amp;target=$3 [R]
 376<span class="nb">RewriteRule</span> ^([a-zA-Z0-9_]+)/([a-z_]+\.php)$ index.php?db=$1&amp;target=$2 [R]
 377<span class="nb">RewriteRule</span> ^([a-zA-Z0-9_]+)/([a-zA-Z0-9_]+)$ index.php?db=$1&amp;table=$2 [R]
 378<span class="nb">RewriteRule</span> ^([a-zA-Z0-9_]+)$ index.php?db=$1 [R]
 379</pre></div>
 380</div>
 381</div>
 382<div class="section" id="can-i-use-http-authentication-with-apache-cgi">
 383<span id="faq1-35"></span><h3>1.35 Can I use HTTP authentication with Apache CGI?<a class="headerlink" href="#can-i-use-http-authentication-with-apache-cgi" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 384<p>Yes. However you need to pass authentication variable to <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-cgi"><em class="xref std std-term">CGI</em></a> using
 385following rewrite rule:</p>
 386<div class="highlight-apache"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="nb">RewriteEngine</span> <span class="k">On</span>
 387<span class="nb">RewriteRule</span> .* - [E=REMOTE_USER:%{HTTP:Authorization},L]
 388</pre></div>
 389</div>
 390</div>
 391<div class="section" id="i-get-an-error-500-internal-server-error">
 392<span id="faq1-36"></span><h3>1.36 I get an error &#8220;500 Internal Server Error&#8221;.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-get-an-error-500-internal-server-error" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 393<p>There can be many explanations to this and a look at your server&#8217;s
 394error log file might give a clue.</p>
 395</div>
 396<div class="section" id="i-run-phpmyadmin-on-cluster-of-different-machines-and-password-encryption-in-cookie-auth-doesn-t-work">
 397<span id="faq1-37"></span><h3>1.37 I run phpMyAdmin on cluster of different machines and password encryption in cookie auth doesn&#8217;t work.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-run-phpmyadmin-on-cluster-of-different-machines-and-password-encryption-in-cookie-auth-doesn-t-work" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 398<p>If your cluster consist of different architectures, PHP code used for
 399encryption/decryption won&#8217;t work correct. This is caused by use of
 400pack/unpack functions in code. Only solution is to use mcrypt
 401extension which works fine in this case.</p>
 402</div>
 403<div class="section" id="can-i-use-phpmyadmin-on-a-server-on-which-suhosin-is-enabled">
 404<span id="faq1-38"></span><h3>1.38 Can I use phpMyAdmin on a server on which Suhosin is enabled?<a class="headerlink" href="#can-i-use-phpmyadmin-on-a-server-on-which-suhosin-is-enabled" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 405<p>Yes but the default configuration values of Suhosin are known to cause
 406problems with some operations, for example editing a table with many
 407columns and no primary key or with textual primary key.</p>
 408<p>Suhosin configuration might lead to malfunction in some cases and it
 409can not be fully avoided as phpMyAdmin is kind of application which
 410needs to transfer big amounts of columns in single HTTP request, what
 411is something what Suhosin tries to prevent. Generally all
 412<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">suhosin.request.*</span></tt>, <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">suhosin.post.*</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">suhosin.get.*</span></tt>
 413directives can have negative effect on phpMyAdmin usability. You can
 414always find in your error logs which limit did cause dropping of
 415variable, so you can diagnose the problem and adjust matching
 416configuration variable.</p>
 417<p>The default values for most Suhosin configuration options will work in
 418most scenarios, however you might want to adjust at least following
 419parameters:</p>
 420<ul class="simple">
 421<li><a class="reference external" href="http://www.hardened-php.net/suhosin/configuration.html#suhosin.request.max_vars">suhosin.request.max_vars</a> should
 422be increased (eg. 2048)</li>
 423<li><a class="reference external" href="http://www.hardened-php.net/suhosin/configuration.html#suhosin.post.max_vars">suhosin.post.max_vars</a> should be
 424increased (eg. 2048)</li>
 425<li><a class="reference external" href="http://www.hardened-php.net/suhosin/configuration.html#suhosin.request.max_array_index_length">suhosin.request.max_array_index_length</a>
 426should be increased (eg. 256)</li>
 427<li><a class="reference external" href="http://www.hardened-php.net/suhosin/configuration.html#suhosin.post.max_array_index_length">suhosin.post.max_array_index_length</a>
 428should be increased (eg. 256)</li>
 429<li><a class="reference external" href="http://www.hardened-php.net/suhosin/configuration.html#suhosin.request.max_totalname_length">suhosin.request.max_totalname_length</a>
 430should be increased (eg. 8192)</li>
 431<li><a class="reference external" href="http://www.hardened-php.net/suhosin/configuration.html#suhosin.post.max_totalname_length">suhosin.post.max_totalname_length</a> should be
 432increased (eg. 8192)</li>
 433<li><a class="reference external" href="http://www.hardened-php.net/suhosin/configuration.html#suhosin.get.max_value_length">suhosin.get.max_value_length</a>
 434should be increased (eg. 1024)</li>
 435<li><a class="reference external" href="http://www.hardened-php.net/suhosin/configuration.html#suhosin.sql.bailout_on_error">suhosin.sql.bailout_on_error</a>
 436needs to be disabled (the default)</li>
 437<li><a class="reference external" href="http://www.hardened-php.net/suhosin/configuration.html#logging_configuration">suhosin.log.*</a> should not
 438include <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-sql"><em class="xref std std-term">SQL</em></a>, otherwise you get big
 439slowdown</li>
 440</ul>
 441<p>You can also disable the warning using the <span class="target" id="index-5"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_SuhosinDisableWarning"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['SuhosinDisableWarning']</span></tt></a>.</p>
 442</div>
 443<div class="section" id="when-i-try-to-connect-via-https-i-can-log-in-but-then-my-connection-is-redirected-back-to-http-what-can-cause-this-behavior">
 444<span id="faq1-39"></span><h3>1.39 When I try to connect via https, I can log in, but then my connection is redirected back to http. What can cause this behavior?<a class="headerlink" href="#when-i-try-to-connect-via-https-i-can-log-in-but-then-my-connection-is-redirected-back-to-http-what-can-cause-this-behavior" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 445<p>Be sure that you have enabled <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">SSLOptions</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">StdEnvVars</span></tt> in
 446your Apache configuration.</p>
 447<div class="admonition-see-also admonition seealso">
 448<p class="first admonition-title">See also</p>
 449<p class="last">&lt;<a class="reference external" href="http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.0/mod/mod_ssl.html#ssloptions">http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.0/mod/mod_ssl.html#ssloptions</a>&gt;</p>
 450</div>
 451</div>
 452<div class="section" id="when-accessing-phpmyadmin-via-an-apache-reverse-proxy-cookie-login-does-not-work">
 453<span id="faq1-40"></span><h3>1.40 When accessing phpMyAdmin via an Apache reverse proxy, cookie login does not work.<a class="headerlink" href="#when-accessing-phpmyadmin-via-an-apache-reverse-proxy-cookie-login-does-not-work" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 454<p>To be able to use cookie auth Apache must know that it has to rewrite
 455the set-cookie headers. Example from the Apache 2.2 documentation:</p>
 456<div class="highlight-apache"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="nb">ProxyPass</span> <span class="sx">/mirror/foo/</span> http://backend.example.com/
 457<span class="nb">ProxyPassReverse</span> <span class="sx">/mirror/foo/</span> http://backend.example.com/
 458<span class="nb">ProxyPassReverseCookieDomain</span> backend.example.com public.example.com
 459<span class="nb">ProxyPassReverseCookiePath</span> / <span class="sx">/mirror/foo/</span>
 460</pre></div>
 461</div>
 462<p>Note: if the backend url looks like <a class="reference external" href="http://host/~user/phpmyadmin">http://host/~user/phpmyadmin</a>, the
 463tilde (~) must be url encoded as %7E in the ProxyPassReverse* lines.
 464This is not specific to phpmyadmin, it&#8217;s just the behavior of Apache.</p>
 465<div class="highlight-apache"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="nb">ProxyPass</span> <span class="sx">/mirror/foo/</span> http://backend.example.com/~user/phpmyadmin
 466<span class="nb">ProxyPassReverse</span> <span class="sx">/mirror/foo/</span> http://backend.example.com/%7Euser/phpmyadmin
 467<span class="nb">ProxyPassReverseCookiePath</span> /%7Euser/phpmyadmin <span class="sx">/mirror/foo</span>
 468</pre></div>
 469</div>
 470<div class="admonition-see-also admonition seealso">
 471<p class="first admonition-title">See also</p>
 472<p class="last">&lt;<a class="reference external" href="http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/mod_proxy.html">http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/mod_proxy.html</a>&gt;</p>
 473</div>
 474</div>
 475<div class="section" id="when-i-view-a-database-and-ask-to-see-its-privileges-i-get-an-error-about-an-unknown-column">
 476<span id="faq1-41"></span><h3>1.41 When I view a database and ask to see its privileges, I get an error about an unknown column.<a class="headerlink" href="#when-i-view-a-database-and-ask-to-see-its-privileges-i-get-an-error-about-an-unknown-column" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 477<p>The MySQL server&#8217;s privilege tables are not up to date, you need to
 478run the <strong class="command">mysql_upgrade</strong> command on the server.</p>
 479</div>
 480<div class="section" id="how-can-i-prevent-robots-from-accessing-phpmyadmin">
 481<span id="faq1-42"></span><h3>1.42 How can I prevent robots from accessing phpMyAdmin?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-prevent-robots-from-accessing-phpmyadmin" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 482<p>You can add various rules to <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-htaccess"><em class="xref std std-term">.htaccess</em></a> to filter access based on user agent
 483field. This is quite easy to circumvent, but could prevent at least
 484some robots accessing your installation.</p>
 485<div class="highlight-apache"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="nb">RewriteEngine</span> <span class="k">on</span>
 486
 487<span class="c"># Allow only GET and POST verbs</span>
 488<span class="nb">RewriteCond</span> %{REQUEST_METHOD} !^(GET|POST)$ [NC,OR]
 489
 490<span class="c"># Ban Typical Vulnerability Scanners and others</span>
 491<span class="c"># Kick out Script Kiddies</span>
 492<span class="nb">RewriteCond</span> %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^(java|curl|wget).* [NC,OR]
 493<span class="nb">RewriteCond</span> %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*(libwww-perl|curl|wget|python|nikto|wkito|pikto|scan|acunetix).* [NC,OR]
 494<span class="nb">RewriteCond</span> %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*(winhttp|HTTrack|clshttp|archiver|loader|email|harvest|extract|grab|miner).* [NC,OR]
 495
 496<span class="c"># Ban Search Engines, Crawlers to your administrative panel</span>
 497<span class="c"># No reasons to access from bots</span>
 498<span class="c"># Ultimately Better than the useless robots.txt</span>
 499<span class="c"># Did google respect robots.txt?</span>
 500<span class="c"># Try google: intitle:phpMyAdmin intext:&quot;Welcome to phpMyAdmin *.*.*&quot; intext:&quot;Log in&quot; -wiki -forum -forums -questions intext:&quot;Cookies must be enabled&quot;</span>
 501<span class="nb">RewriteCond</span> %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^.*(AdsBot-Google|ia_archiver|Scooter|Ask.Jeeves|Baiduspider|Exabot|FAST.Enterprise.Crawler|FAST-WebCrawler|www\.neomo\.de|Gigabot|Mediapartners-Google|Google.Desktop|Feedfetcher-Google|Googlebot|heise-IT-Markt-Crawler|heritrix|ibm.com\cs/crawler|ICCrawler|ichiro|MJ12bot|MetagerBot|msnbot-NewsBlogs|msnbot|msnbot-media|NG-Search|lucene.apache.org|NutchCVS|OmniExplorer_Bot|online.link.validator|psbot0|Seekbot|Sensis.Web.Crawler|SEO.search.Crawler|Seoma.\[SEO.Crawler\]|SEOsearch|Snappy|www.urltrends.com|www.tkl.iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~crawler|SynooBot|crawleradmin.t-info@telekom.de|TurnitinBot|voyager|W3.SiteSearch.Crawler|W3C-checklink|W3C_Validator|www.WISEnutbot.com|yacybot|Yahoo-MMCrawler|Yahoo\!.DE.Slurp|Yahoo\!.Slurp|YahooSeeker).* [NC]
 502<span class="nb">RewriteRule</span> .* - [F]
 503</pre></div>
 504</div>
 505</div>
 506<div class="section" id="why-can-t-i-display-the-structure-of-my-table-containing-hundreds-of-columns">
 507<span id="faq1-43"></span><h3>1.43 Why can&#8217;t I display the structure of my table containing hundreds of columns?<a class="headerlink" href="#why-can-t-i-display-the-structure-of-my-table-containing-hundreds-of-columns" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 508<p>Because your PHP&#8217;s <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">memory_limit</span></tt> is too low; adjust it in <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">php.ini</span></tt>.</p>
 509</div>
 510</div>
 511<div class="section" id="configuration">
 512<span id="faqconfig"></span><h2>Configuration<a class="headerlink" href="#configuration" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
 513<div class="section" id="the-error-message-warning-cannot-add-header-information-headers-already-sent-by-is-displayed-what-s-the-problem">
 514<span id="faq2-1"></span><h3>2.1 The error message &#8220;Warning: Cannot add header information - headers already sent by ...&#8221; is displayed, what&#8217;s the problem?<a class="headerlink" href="#the-error-message-warning-cannot-add-header-information-headers-already-sent-by-is-displayed-what-s-the-problem" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 515<p>Edit your <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">config.inc.php</span></tt> file and ensure there is nothing (I.E. no
 516blank lines, no spaces, no characters...) neither before the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">&lt;?php</span></tt> tag at
 517the beginning, neither after the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">?&gt;</span></tt> tag at the end. We also got a report
 518from a user under <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-iis"><em class="xref std std-term">IIS</em></a>, that used a zipped distribution kit: the file
 519<tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">libraries/Config.class.php</span></tt> contained an end-of-line character (hex 0A)
 520at the end; removing this character cleared his errors.</p>
 521</div>
 522<div class="section" id="phpmyadmin-can-t-connect-to-mysql-what-s-wrong">
 523<span id="faq2-2"></span><h3>2.2 phpMyAdmin can&#8217;t connect to MySQL. What&#8217;s wrong?<a class="headerlink" href="#phpmyadmin-can-t-connect-to-mysql-what-s-wrong" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 524<p>Either there is an error with your PHP setup or your username/password
 525is wrong. Try to make a small script which uses mysql_connect and see
 526if it works. If it doesn&#8217;t, it may be you haven&#8217;t even compiled MySQL
 527support into PHP.</p>
 528</div>
 529<div class="section" id="the-error-message-warning-mysql-connection-failed-can-t-connect-to-local-mysql-server-through-socket-tmp-mysql-sock-111-is-displayed-what-can-i-do">
 530<span id="faq2-3"></span><h3>2.3 The error message &#8220;Warning: MySQL Connection Failed: Can&#8217;t connect to local MySQL server through socket &#8216;/tmp/mysql.sock&#8217; (111) ...&#8221; is displayed. What can I do?<a class="headerlink" href="#the-error-message-warning-mysql-connection-failed-can-t-connect-to-local-mysql-server-through-socket-tmp-mysql-sock-111-is-displayed-what-can-i-do" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 531<p>For RedHat users, Harald Legner suggests this on the mailing list:</p>
 532<p>On my RedHat-Box the socket of MySQL is <em>/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock</em>.
 533In your <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">php.ini</span></tt> you will find a line</p>
 534<div class="highlight-ini"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="na">mysql.default_socket</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s">/tmp/mysql.sock</span>
 535</pre></div>
 536</div>
 537<p>change it to</p>
 538<div class="highlight-ini"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="na">mysql.default_socket</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s">/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock</span>
 539</pre></div>
 540</div>
 541<p>Then restart apache and it will work.</p>
 542<p>Here is a fix suggested by Brad Ummer:</p>
 543<ul class="simple">
 544<li>First, you need to determine what socket is being used by MySQL. To do
 545this, telnet to your server and go to the MySQL bin directory. In this
 546directory there should be a file named <em>mysqladmin</em>. Type
 547<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">./mysqladmin</span> <span class="pre">variables</span></tt>, and this should give you a bunch of info
 548about your MySQL server, including the socket (<em>/tmp/mysql.sock</em>, for
 549example).</li>
 550<li>Then, you need to tell PHP to use this socket. To do this in
 551phpMyAdmin, you need to complete the socket information in the
 552<tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">config.inc.php</span></tt>. For example:
 553<span class="target" id="index-6"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_Servers_socket"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['Servers'][$i]['socket']</span></tt></a>  Please also make sure that
 554the permissions of this file allow to be readable by your webserver (i.e.
 555&#8216;0755&#8217;).</li>
 556</ul>
 557<p>Have also a look at the <a class="reference external" href="http://dev.mysql.com/doc/en/can-not-connect-to-server.html">corresponding section of the MySQL
 558documentation</a>.</p>
 559</div>
 560<div class="section" id="nothing-is-displayed-by-my-browser-when-i-try-to-run-phpmyadmin-what-can-i-do">
 561<span id="faq2-4"></span><h3>2.4 Nothing is displayed by my browser when I try to run phpMyAdmin, what can I do?<a class="headerlink" href="#nothing-is-displayed-by-my-browser-when-i-try-to-run-phpmyadmin-what-can-i-do" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 562<p>Try to set the <span class="target" id="index-7"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_OBGzip"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['OBGzip']</span></tt></a> directive to <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">false</span></tt> in the phpMyAdmin configuration
 563file. It helps sometime. Also have a look at your PHP version number:
 564if it contains &#8220;b&#8221; or &#8220;alpha&#8221; it means you&#8217;re running a testing
 565version of PHP. That&#8217;s not a so good idea, please upgrade to a plain
 566revision.</p>
 567</div>
 568<div class="section" id="each-time-i-want-to-insert-or-change-a-row-or-drop-a-database-or-a-table-an-error-404-page-not-found-is-displayed-or-with-http-or-cookie-authentication-i-m-asked-to-log-in-again-what-s-wrong">
 569<span id="faq2-5"></span><h3>2.5 Each time I want to insert or change a row or drop a database or a table, an error 404 (page not found) is displayed or, with HTTP or cookie authentication, I&#8217;m asked to log in again. What&#8217;s wrong?<a class="headerlink" href="#each-time-i-want-to-insert-or-change-a-row-or-drop-a-database-or-a-table-an-error-404-page-not-found-is-displayed-or-with-http-or-cookie-authentication-i-m-asked-to-log-in-again-what-s-wrong" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 570<p>Check the value you set for the <span class="target" id="index-8"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_PmaAbsoluteUri"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri']</span></tt></a> directive in the phpMyAdmin
 571configuration file.</p>
 572</div>
 573<div class="section" id="i-get-an-access-denied-for-user-root-localhost-using-password-yes-error-when-trying-to-access-a-mysql-server-on-a-host-which-is-port-forwarded-for-my-localhost">
 574<span id="faq2-6"></span><h3>2.6 I get an &#8220;Access denied for user: <a class="reference external" href="mailto:'root&#37;&#52;&#48;localhost">'root<span>&#64;</span>localhost</a>&#8216; (Using password: YES)&#8221;-error when trying to access a MySQL-Server on a host which is port-forwarded for my localhost.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-get-an-access-denied-for-user-root-localhost-using-password-yes-error-when-trying-to-access-a-mysql-server-on-a-host-which-is-port-forwarded-for-my-localhost" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 575<p>When you are using a port on your localhost, which you redirect via
 576port-forwarding to another host, MySQL is not resolving the localhost
 577as expected. Erik Wasser explains: The solution is: if your host is
 578&#8220;localhost&#8221; MySQL (the command line tool <strong class="command">mysql</strong> as well) always
 579tries to use the socket connection for speeding up things. And that
 580doesn&#8217;t work in this configuration with port forwarding. If you enter
 581&#8220;127.0.0.1&#8221; as hostname, everything is right and MySQL uses the
 582<a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-tcp"><em class="xref std std-term">TCP</em></a> connection.</p>
 583</div>
 584<div class="section" id="using-and-creating-themes">
 585<span id="faqthemes"></span><h3>2.7 Using and creating themes<a class="headerlink" href="#using-and-creating-themes" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 586<p>Themes are configured with <span class="target" id="index-9"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_ThemePath"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['ThemePath']</span></tt></a>,
 587<span class="target" id="index-10"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_ThemeManager"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['ThemeManager']</span></tt></a> and <span class="target" id="index-11"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_ThemeDefault"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['ThemeDefault']</span></tt></a>.
 588Under <span class="target" id="index-12"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_ThemePath"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['ThemePath']</span></tt></a>, you should not delete the
 589directory <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pmahomme</span></tt> or its underlying structure, because this is the
 590system theme used by phpMyAdmin. <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pmahomme</span></tt> contains all images and
 591styles, for backwards compatibility and for all themes that would not
 592include images or css-files.  If <span class="target" id="index-13"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_ThemeManager"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['ThemeManager']</span></tt></a>
 593is enabled, you can select your favorite theme on the main page. Your selected
 594theme will be stored in a cookie.</p>
 595<p>To create a theme:</p>
 596<ul class="simple">
 597<li>make a new subdirectory (for example &#8220;your_theme_name&#8221;) under <span class="target" id="index-14"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_ThemePath"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['ThemePath']</span></tt></a> (by
 598default <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">themes</span></tt>)</li>
 599<li>copy the files and directories from <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pmahomme</span></tt> to &#8220;your_theme_name&#8221;</li>
 600<li>edit the css-files in &#8220;your_theme_name/css&#8221;</li>
 601<li>put your new images in &#8220;your_theme_name/img&#8221;</li>
 602<li>edit <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">layout.inc.php</span></tt> in &#8220;your_theme_name&#8221;</li>
 603<li>edit <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">info.inc.php</span></tt> in &#8220;your_theme_name&#8221; to contain your chosen
 604theme name, that will be visible in user interface</li>
 605<li>make a new screenshot of your theme and save it under
 606&#8220;your_theme_name/screen.png&#8221;</li>
 607</ul>
 608<p>In theme directory there is file <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">info.inc.php</span></tt> which contains theme
 609verbose name, theme generation and theme version. These versions and
 610generations are enumerated from 1 and do not have any direct
 611dependence on phpMyAdmin version. Themes within same generation should
 612be backwards compatible - theme with version 2 should work in
 613phpMyAdmin requiring version 1. Themes with different generation are
 614incompatible.</p>
 615<p>If you do not want to use your own symbols and buttons, remove the
 616directory &#8220;img&#8221; in &#8220;your_theme_name&#8221;. phpMyAdmin will use the
 617default icons and buttons (from the system-theme <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pmahomme</span></tt>).</p>
 618</div>
 619<div class="section" id="i-get-missing-parameters-errors-what-can-i-do">
 620<span id="faqmissingparameters"></span><h3>2.8 I get &#8220;Missing parameters&#8221; errors, what can I do?<a class="headerlink" href="#i-get-missing-parameters-errors-what-can-i-do" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 621<p>Here are a few points to check:</p>
 622<ul class="simple">
 623<li>In <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">config.inc.php</span></tt>, try to leave the <span class="target" id="index-15"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_PmaAbsoluteUri"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri']</span></tt></a> directive empty. See also
 624<a class="reference internal" href="#faq4-7"><em>4.7 Authentication window is displayed more than once, why?</em></a>.</li>
 625<li>Maybe you have a broken PHP installation or you need to upgrade your
 626Zend Optimizer. See &lt;<a class="reference external" href="http://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=31134">http://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=31134</a>&gt;.</li>
 627<li>If you are using Hardened PHP with the ini directive
 628<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">varfilter.max_request_variables</span></tt> set to the default (200) or
 629another low value, you could get this error if your table has a high
 630number of columns. Adjust this setting accordingly. (Thanks to Klaus
 631Dorninger for the hint).</li>
 632<li>In the <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">php.ini</span></tt> directive <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">arg_separator.input</span></tt>, a value of &#8221;;&#8221;
 633will cause this error. Replace it with &#8220;&amp;;&#8221;.</li>
 634<li>If you are using <a class="reference external" href="http://www.hardened-php.net/">Hardened-PHP</a>, you
 635might want to increase <a class="reference external" href="http://www.hardened-php.net/hphp/troubleshooting.html">request limits</a>.</li>
 636<li>The directory specified in the <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">php.ini</span></tt> directive
 637<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">session.save_path</span></tt> does not exist or is read-only.</li>
 638</ul>
 639</div>
 640<div class="section" id="seeing-an-upload-progress-bar">
 641<span id="faq2-9"></span><h3>2.9 Seeing an upload progress bar<a class="headerlink" href="#seeing-an-upload-progress-bar" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 642<p>To be able to see a progress bar during your uploads, your server must
 643have the <a class="reference external" href="http://pecl.php.net/package/APC">APC</a> extension, the
 644<a class="reference external" href="http://pecl.php.net/package/uploadprogress">uploadprogress</a> one, or
 645you must be running PHP 5.4.0 or higher. Moreover, the JSON extension
 646has to be enabled in your PHP.</p>
 647<p>If using APC, you must set <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">apc.rfc1867</span></tt> to <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">on</span></tt> in your <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">php.ini</span></tt>.</p>
 648<p>If using PHP 5.4.0 or higher, you must set
 649<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">session.upload_progress.enabled</span></tt> to <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">1</span></tt> in your <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">php.ini</span></tt>. However,
 650starting from phpMyAdmin version 4.0.4, session-based upload progress has
 651been temporarily deactivated due to its problematic behavior.</p>
 652<div class="admonition-see-also admonition seealso">
 653<p class="first admonition-title">See also</p>
 654<p class="last"><span class="target" id="index-16"></span><a class="rfc reference external" href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1867.html"><strong>RFC 1867</strong></a></p>
 655</div>
 656</div>
 657</div>
 658<div class="section" id="known-limitations">
 659<span id="faqlimitations"></span><h2>Known limitations<a class="headerlink" href="#known-limitations" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
 660<div class="section" id="when-using-http-authentication-a-user-who-logged-out-can-not-log-in-again-in-with-the-same-nick">
 661<span id="login-bug"></span><h3>3.1 When using HTTP authentication, a user who logged out can not log in again in with the same nick.<a class="headerlink" href="#when-using-http-authentication-a-user-who-logged-out-can-not-log-in-again-in-with-the-same-nick" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 662<p>This is related to the authentication mechanism (protocol) used by
 663phpMyAdmin. To bypass this problem: just close all the opened browser
 664windows and then go back to phpMyAdmin. You should be able to log in
 665again.</p>
 666</div>
 667<div class="section" id="when-dumping-a-large-table-in-compressed-mode-i-get-a-memory-limit-error-or-a-time-limit-error">
 668<span id="faq3-2"></span><h3>3.2 When dumping a large table in compressed mode, I get a memory limit error or a time limit error.<a class="headerlink" href="#when-dumping-a-large-table-in-compressed-mode-i-get-a-memory-limit-error-or-a-time-limit-error" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 669<p>Compressed dumps are built in memory and because of this are limited
 670to php&#8217;s memory limit. For GZip/BZip2 exports this can be overcome
 671since 2.5.4 using <span class="target" id="index-17"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_CompressOnFly"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['CompressOnFly']</span></tt></a> (enabled by default).
 672Zip exports can not be handled this way, so if you need Zip files for larger
 673dump, you have to use another way.</p>
 674</div>
 675<div class="section" id="with-innodb-tables-i-lose-foreign-key-relationships-when-i-rename-a-table-or-a-column">
 676<span id="faq3-3"></span><h3>3.3 With InnoDB tables, I lose foreign key relationships when I rename a table or a column.<a class="headerlink" href="#with-innodb-tables-i-lose-foreign-key-relationships-when-i-rename-a-table-or-a-column" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 677<p>This is an InnoDB bug, see &lt;<a class="reference external" href="http://bugs.mysql.com/bug.php?id=21704">http://bugs.mysql.com/bug.php?id=21704</a>&gt;.</p>
 678</div>
 679<div class="section" id="i-am-unable-to-import-dumps-i-created-with-the-mysqldump-tool-bundled-with-the-mysql-server-distribution">
 680<span id="faq3-4"></span><h3>3.4 I am unable to import dumps I created with the mysqldump tool bundled with the MySQL server distribution.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-am-unable-to-import-dumps-i-created-with-the-mysqldump-tool-bundled-with-the-mysql-server-distribution" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 681<p>The problem is that older versions of <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mysqldump</span></tt> created invalid
 682comments like this:</p>
 683<div class="highlight-mysql"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="c1">-- MySQL dump 8.22</span>
 684<span class="c1">--</span>
 685<span class="c1">-- Host: localhost Database: database</span>
 686<span class="o">-------------------------------------------------------</span><span class="c1">--</span>
 687<span class="c1">-- Server version 3.23.54</span>
 688</pre></div>
 689</div>
 690<p>The invalid part of the code is the horizontal line made of dashes
 691that appears once in every dump created with mysqldump. If you want to
 692run your dump you have to turn it into valid MySQL. This means, you
 693have to add a whitespace after the first two dashes of the line or add
 694a # before it:  <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">--</span> <span class="pre">-------------------------------------------------------</span></tt> or
 695<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">#---------------------------------------------------------</span></tt></p>
 696</div>
 697<div class="section" id="when-using-nested-folders-multiple-hierarchies-are-displayed-in-a-wrong-manner">
 698<span id="faq3-5"></span><h3>3.5 When using nested folders, multiple hierarchies are displayed in a wrong manner.<a class="headerlink" href="#when-using-nested-folders-multiple-hierarchies-are-displayed-in-a-wrong-manner" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 699<p>Please note that you should not use the separating string multiple
 700times without any characters between them, or at the beginning/end of
 701your table name. If you have to, think about using another
 702TableSeparator or disabling that feature.</p>
 703<div class="admonition-see-also admonition seealso">
 704<p class="first admonition-title">See also</p>
 705<p class="last"><span class="target" id="index-18"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_NavigationTreeTableSeparator"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['NavigationTreeTableSeparator']</span></tt></a></p>
 706</div>
 707</div>
 708<div class="section" id="what-is-currently-not-supported-in-phpmyadmin-about-innodb">
 709<span id="faq3-6"></span><h3>3.6 What is currently not supported in phpMyAdmin about InnoDB?<a class="headerlink" href="#what-is-currently-not-supported-in-phpmyadmin-about-innodb" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 710<p>In Relation view, having more than one index column in the foreign key. In Query-by-
 711example (Query), automatic generation of the query LEFT JOIN from the
 712foreign table.</p>
 713</div>
 714<div class="section" id="i-have-table-with-many-100-columns-and-when-i-try-to-browse-table-i-get-series-of-errors-like-warning-unable-to-parse-url-how-can-this-be-fixed">
 715<span id="faq3-7"></span><h3>3.7 I have table with many (100+) columns and when I try to browse table I get series of errors like &#8220;Warning: unable to parse url&#8221;. How can this be fixed?<a class="headerlink" href="#i-have-table-with-many-100-columns-and-when-i-try-to-browse-table-i-get-series-of-errors-like-warning-unable-to-parse-url-how-can-this-be-fixed" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 716<p>Your table neither have a primary key nor an unique one, so we must
 717use a long expression to identify this row. This causes problems to
 718parse_url function. The workaround is to create a primary or unique
 719key.</p>
 720</div>
 721<div class="section" id="i-cannot-use-clickable-html-forms-in-columns-where-i-put-a-mime-transformation-onto">
 722<span id="faq3-8"></span><h3>3.8 I cannot use (clickable) HTML-forms in columns where I put a MIME-Transformation onto!<a class="headerlink" href="#i-cannot-use-clickable-html-forms-in-columns-where-i-put-a-mime-transformation-onto" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 723<p>Due to a surrounding form-container (for multi-row delete checkboxes),
 724no nested forms can be put inside the table where phpMyAdmin displays
 725the results. You can, however, use any form inside of a table if keep
 726the parent form-container with the target to tbl_row_delete.php and
 727just put your own input-elements inside. If you use a custom submit
 728input field, the form will submit itself to the displaying page again,
 729where you can validate the $HTTP_POST_VARS in a transformation. For
 730a tutorial on how to effectively use transformations, see our <a class="reference external" href="http://www.phpmyadmin.net/home_page/docs.php">Link
 731section</a> on the
 732official phpMyAdmin-homepage.</p>
 733</div>
 734<div class="section" id="i-get-error-messages-when-using-sql-mode-ansi-for-the-mysql-server">
 735<span id="faq3-9"></span><h3>3.9 I get error messages when using &#8220;&#8211;sql_mode=ANSI&#8221; for the MySQL server.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-get-error-messages-when-using-sql-mode-ansi-for-the-mysql-server" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 736<p>When MySQL is running in ANSI-compatibility mode, there are some major
 737differences in how <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-sql"><em class="xref std std-term">SQL</em></a> is structured (see
 738&lt;<a class="reference external" href="http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/ansi-mode.html">http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/ansi-mode.html</a>&gt;). Most important of all, the
 739quote-character (&#8221;) is interpreted as an identifier quote character and not as
 740a string quote character, which makes many internal phpMyAdmin operations into
 741invalid <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-sql"><em class="xref std std-term">SQL</em></a> statements. There is no
 742workaround to this behaviour.  News to this item will be posted in <a class="reference external" href="https://sourceforge.net/p/phpmyadmin/bugs/1013/">Bug report
 743#1013</a>.</p>
 744</div>
 745<div class="section" id="homonyms-and-no-primary-key-when-the-results-of-a-select-display-more-that-one-column-with-the-same-value-for-example-select-lastname-from-employees-where-firstname-like-a-and-two-smith-values-are-displayed-if-i-click-edit-i-cannot-be-sure-that-i-am-editing-the-intended-row">
 746<span id="faq3-10"></span><h3>3.10 Homonyms and no primary key: When the results of a SELECT display more that one column with the same value (for example <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">SELECT</span> <span class="pre">lastname</span> <span class="pre">from</span> <span class="pre">employees</span> <span class="pre">where</span> <span class="pre">firstname</span> <span class="pre">like</span> <span class="pre">'A%'</span></tt> and two &#8220;Smith&#8221; values are displayed), if I click Edit I cannot be sure that I am editing the intended row.<a class="headerlink" href="#homonyms-and-no-primary-key-when-the-results-of-a-select-display-more-that-one-column-with-the-same-value-for-example-select-lastname-from-employees-where-firstname-like-a-and-two-smith-values-are-displayed-if-i-click-edit-i-cannot-be-sure-that-i-am-editing-the-intended-row" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 747<p>Please make sure that your table has a primary key, so that phpMyAdmin
 748can use it for the Edit and Delete links.</p>
 749</div>
 750<div class="section" id="the-number-of-rows-for-innodb-tables-is-not-correct">
 751<span id="faq3-11"></span><h3>3.11 The number of rows for InnoDB tables is not correct.<a class="headerlink" href="#the-number-of-rows-for-innodb-tables-is-not-correct" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 752<p>phpMyAdmin uses a quick method to get the row count, and this method only
 753returns an approximate count in the case of InnoDB tables. See
 754<span class="target" id="index-19"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_MaxExactCount"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['MaxExactCount']</span></tt></a> for a way to modify those results, but
 755this could have a serious impact on performance.</p>
 756</div>
 757<div class="section" id="faq3-12">
 758<span id="id8"></span><h3>3.12 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faq3-12" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 759</div>
 760<div class="section" id="i-get-an-error-when-entering-use-followed-by-a-db-name-containing-an-hyphen">
 761<span id="faq3-13"></span><h3>3.13 I get an error when entering <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">USE</span></tt> followed by a db name containing an hyphen.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-get-an-error-when-entering-use-followed-by-a-db-name-containing-an-hyphen" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 762<p>The tests I have made with MySQL 5.1.49 shows that the API does not
 763accept this syntax for the USE command.</p>
 764</div>
 765<div class="section" id="i-am-not-able-to-browse-a-table-when-i-don-t-have-the-right-to-select-one-of-the-columns">
 766<span id="faq3-14"></span><h3>3.14 I am not able to browse a table when I don&#8217;t have the right to SELECT one of the columns.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-am-not-able-to-browse-a-table-when-i-don-t-have-the-right-to-select-one-of-the-columns" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 767<p>This has been a known limitation of phpMyAdmin since the beginning and
 768it&#8217;s not likely to be solved in the future.</p>
 769</div>
 770<div class="section" id="faq3-15">
 771<span id="id9"></span><h3>3.15 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faq3-15" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 772</div>
 773<div class="section" id="faq3-16">
 774<span id="id10"></span><h3>3.16 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faq3-16" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 775</div>
 776<div class="section" id="faq3-17">
 777<span id="id11"></span><h3>3.17 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faq3-17" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 778</div>
 779<div class="section" id="when-i-import-a-csv-file-that-contains-multiple-tables-they-are-lumped-together-into-a-single-table">
 780<span id="faq3-18"></span><h3>3.18 When I import a CSV file that contains multiple tables, they are lumped together into a single table.<a class="headerlink" href="#when-i-import-a-csv-file-that-contains-multiple-tables-they-are-lumped-together-into-a-single-table" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 781<p>There is no reliable way to differentiate tables in <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-csv"><em class="xref std std-term">CSV</em></a> format. For the
 782time being, you will have to break apart <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-csv"><em class="xref std std-term">CSV</em></a> files containing multiple
 783tables.</p>
 784</div>
 785<div class="section" id="when-i-import-a-file-and-have-phpmyadmin-determine-the-appropriate-data-structure-it-only-uses-int-decimal-and-varchar-types">
 786<span id="faq3-19"></span><h3>3.19 When I import a file and have phpMyAdmin determine the appropriate data structure it only uses int, decimal, and varchar types.<a class="headerlink" href="#when-i-import-a-file-and-have-phpmyadmin-determine-the-appropriate-data-structure-it-only-uses-int-decimal-and-varchar-types" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 787<p>Currently, the import type-detection system can only assign these
 788MySQL types to columns. In future, more will likely be added but for
 789the time being you will have to edit the structure to your liking
 790post-import.  Also, you should note the fact that phpMyAdmin will use
 791the size of the largest item in any given column as the column size
 792for the appropriate type. If you know you will be adding larger items
 793to that column then you should manually adjust the column sizes
 794accordingly. This is done for the sake of efficiency.</p>
 795</div>
 796<div class="section" id="after-upgrading-some-bookmarks-are-gone-or-their-content-cannot-be-shown">
 797<span id="faq3-20"></span><h3>3.20 After upgrading, some bookmarks are gone or their content cannot be shown.<a class="headerlink" href="#after-upgrading-some-bookmarks-are-gone-or-their-content-cannot-be-shown" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 798<p>At some point, the character set used to store bookmark content has changed.
 799It&#8217;s better to recreate your bookmark from the newer phpMyAdmin version.</p>
 800</div>
 801</div>
 802<div class="section" id="isps-multi-user-installations">
 803<span id="faqmultiuser"></span><h2>ISPs, multi-user installations<a class="headerlink" href="#isps-multi-user-installations" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
 804<div class="section" id="i-m-an-isp-can-i-setup-one-central-copy-of-phpmyadmin-or-do-i-need-to-install-it-for-each-customer">
 805<span id="faq4-1"></span><h3>4.1 I&#8217;m an ISP. Can I setup one central copy of phpMyAdmin or do I need to install it for each customer?<a class="headerlink" href="#i-m-an-isp-can-i-setup-one-central-copy-of-phpmyadmin-or-do-i-need-to-install-it-for-each-customer" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 806<p>Since version 2.0.3, you can setup a central copy of phpMyAdmin for all your
 807users. The development of this feature was kindly sponsored by NetCologne GmbH.
 808This requires a properly setup MySQL user management and phpMyAdmin
 809<a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-http"><em class="xref std std-term">HTTP</em></a> or cookie authentication.</p>
 810<div class="admonition-see-also admonition seealso">
 811<p class="first admonition-title">See also</p>
 812<p class="last"><a class="reference internal" href="setup.html#authentication-modes"><em>Using authentication modes</em></a></p>
 813</div>
 814</div>
 815<div class="section" id="what-s-the-preferred-way-of-making-phpmyadmin-secure-against-evil-access">
 816<span id="faq4-2"></span><h3>4.2 What&#8217;s the preferred way of making phpMyAdmin secure against evil access?<a class="headerlink" href="#what-s-the-preferred-way-of-making-phpmyadmin-secure-against-evil-access" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 817<p>This depends on your system. If you&#8217;re running a server which cannot be
 818accessed by other people, it&#8217;s sufficient to use the directory protection
 819bundled with your webserver (with Apache you can use <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-htaccess"><em class="xref std std-term">.htaccess</em></a> files,
 820for example). If other people have telnet access to your server, you should use
 821phpMyAdmin&#8217;s <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-http"><em class="xref std std-term">HTTP</em></a> or cookie authentication features.</p>
 822<p>Suggestions:</p>
 823<ul class="simple">
 824<li>Your <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">config.inc.php</span></tt> file should be <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">chmod</span> <span class="pre">660</span></tt>.</li>
 825<li>All your phpMyAdmin files should be chown -R phpmy.apache, where phpmy
 826is a user whose password is only known to you, and apache is the group
 827under which Apache runs.</li>
 828<li>Follow security recommendations for PHP and your webserver.</li>
 829</ul>
 830</div>
 831<div class="section" id="i-get-errors-about-not-being-able-to-include-a-file-in-lang-or-in-libraries">
 832<span id="faq4-3"></span><h3>4.3 I get errors about not being able to include a file in <em>/lang</em> or in <em>/libraries</em>.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-get-errors-about-not-being-able-to-include-a-file-in-lang-or-in-libraries" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 833<p>Check <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">php.ini</span></tt>, or ask your sysadmin to check it. The
 834<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">include_path</span></tt> must contain &#8221;.&#8221; somewhere in it, and
 835<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">open_basedir</span></tt>, if used, must contain &#8221;.&#8221; and &#8221;./lang&#8221; to allow
 836normal operation of phpMyAdmin.</p>
 837</div>
 838<div class="section" id="phpmyadmin-always-gives-access-denied-when-using-http-authentication">
 839<span id="faq4-4"></span><h3>4.4 phpMyAdmin always gives &#8220;Access denied&#8221; when using HTTP authentication.<a class="headerlink" href="#phpmyadmin-always-gives-access-denied-when-using-http-authentication" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 840<p>This could happen for several reasons:</p>
 841<ul class="simple">
 842<li><span class="target" id="index-20"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_Servers_controluser"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser']</span></tt></a> and/or <span class="target" id="index-21"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_Servers_controlpass"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass']</span></tt></a>  are wrong.</li>
 843<li>The username/password you specify in the login dialog are invalid.</li>
 844<li>You have already setup a security mechanism for the phpMyAdmin-
 845directory, eg. a <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-htaccess"><em class="xref std std-term">.htaccess</em></a> file. This would interfere with phpMyAdmin&#8217;s
 846authentication, so remove it.</li>
 847</ul>
 848</div>
 849<div class="section" id="is-it-possible-to-let-users-create-their-own-databases">
 850<span id="faq4-5"></span><h3>4.5 Is it possible to let users create their own databases?<a class="headerlink" href="#is-it-possible-to-let-users-create-their-own-databases" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 851<p>Starting with 2.2.5, in the user management page, you can enter a
 852wildcard database name for a user (for example &#8220;joe%&#8221;), and put the
 853privileges you want. For example, adding <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">SELECT,</span> <span class="pre">INSERT,</span> <span class="pre">UPDATE,</span>
 854<span class="pre">DELETE,</span> <span class="pre">CREATE,</span> <span class="pre">DROP,</span> <span class="pre">INDEX,</span> <span class="pre">ALTER</span></tt> would let a user create/manage
 855his/her database(s).</p>
 856</div>
 857<div class="section" id="how-can-i-use-the-host-based-authentication-additions">
 858<span id="faq4-6"></span><h3>4.6 How can I use the Host-based authentication additions?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-use-the-host-based-authentication-additions" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 859<p>If you have existing rules from an old <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-htaccess"><em class="xref std std-term">.htaccess</em></a> file, you can take them and
 860add a username between the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">'deny'</span></tt>/<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">'allow'</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">'from'</span></tt>
 861strings. Using the username wildcard of <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">'%'</span></tt> would be a major
 862benefit here if your installation is suited to using it. Then you can
 863just add those updated lines into the
 864<span class="target" id="index-22"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_Servers_AllowDeny_rules"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules']</span></tt></a> array.</p>
 865<p>If you want a pre-made sample, you can try this fragment. It stops the
 866&#8216;root&#8217; user from logging in from any networks other than the private
 867network <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-ip"><em class="xref std std-term">IP</em></a> blocks.</p>
 868<div class="highlight-php"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="c1">//block root from logging in except from the private networks</span>
 869<span class="nv">$cfg</span><span class="p">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;Servers&#39;</span><span class="p">][</span><span class="nv">$i</span><span class="p">][</span><span class="s1">&#39;AllowDeny&#39;</span><span class="p">][</span><span class="s1">&#39;order&#39;</span><span class="p">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="s1">&#39;deny,allow&#39;</span><span class="p">;</span>
 870<span class="nv">$cfg</span><span class="p">[</span><span class="s1">&#39;Servers&#39;</span><span class="p">][</span><span class="nv">$i</span><span class="p">][</span><span class="s1">&#39;AllowDeny&#39;</span><span class="p">][</span><span class="s1">&#39;rules&#39;</span><span class="p">]</span> <span class="o">=</span> <span class="k">array</span><span class="p">(</span>
 871    <span class="s1">&#39;deny root from all&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
 872    <span class="s1">&#39;allow root from localhost&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
 873    <span class="s1">&#39;allow root from 10.0.0.0/8&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
 874    <span class="s1">&#39;allow root from 192.168.0.0/16&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
 875    <span class="s1">&#39;allow root from 172.16.0.0/12&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
 876<span class="p">);</span>
 877</pre></div>
 878</div>
 879</div>
 880<div class="section" id="authentication-window-is-displayed-more-than-once-why">
 881<span id="faq4-7"></span><h3>4.7 Authentication window is displayed more than once, why?<a class="headerlink" href="#authentication-window-is-displayed-more-than-once-why" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 882<p>This happens if you are using a <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-url"><em class="xref std std-term">URL</em></a> to start phpMyAdmin which is
 883different than the one set in your <span class="target" id="index-23"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_PmaAbsoluteUri"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri']</span></tt></a>. For
 884example, a missing &#8220;www&#8221;, or entering with an <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-ip"><em class="xref std std-term">IP</em></a> address while a domain
 885name is defined in the config file.</p>
 886</div>
 887<div class="section" id="which-parameters-can-i-use-in-the-url-that-starts-phpmyadmin">
 888<span id="faq4-8"></span><h3>4.8 Which parameters can I use in the URL that starts phpMyAdmin?<a class="headerlink" href="#which-parameters-can-i-use-in-the-url-that-starts-phpmyadmin" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 889<p>When starting phpMyAdmin, you can use the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">db</span></tt>, <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pma_username</span></tt>,
 890<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pma_password</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">server</span></tt> parameters. This last one can contain
 891either the numeric host index (from <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">$i</span></tt> of the configuration file)
 892or one of the host names present in the configuration file. Using
 893<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pma_username</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pma_password</span></tt> has been tested along with the
 894usage of &#8216;cookie&#8217; <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">auth_type</span></tt>.</p>
 895</div>
 896</div>
 897<div class="section" id="browsers-or-client-os">
 898<span id="faqbrowsers"></span><h2>Browsers or client OS<a class="headerlink" href="#browsers-or-client-os" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
 899<div class="section" id="i-get-an-out-of-memory-error-and-my-controls-are-non-functional-when-trying-to-create-a-table-with-more-than-14-columns">
 900<span id="faq5-1"></span><h3>5.1 I get an out of memory error, and my controls are non-functional, when trying to create a table with more than 14 columns.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-get-an-out-of-memory-error-and-my-controls-are-non-functional-when-trying-to-create-a-table-with-more-than-14-columns" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 901<p>We could reproduce this problem only under Win98/98SE. Testing under
 902WinNT4 or Win2K, we could easily create more than 60 columns.  A
 903workaround is to create a smaller number of columns, then come back to
 904your table properties and add the other columns.</p>
 905</div>
 906<div class="section" id="with-xitami-2-5b4-phpmyadmin-won-t-process-form-fields">
 907<span id="faq5-2"></span><h3>5.2 With Xitami 2.5b4, phpMyAdmin won&#8217;t process form fields.<a class="headerlink" href="#with-xitami-2-5b4-phpmyadmin-won-t-process-form-fields" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 908<p>This is not a phpMyAdmin problem but a Xitami known bug: you&#8217;ll face
 909it with each script/website that use forms. Upgrade or downgrade your
 910Xitami server.</p>
 911</div>
 912<div class="section" id="i-have-problems-dumping-tables-with-konqueror-phpmyadmin-2-2-2">
 913<span id="faq5-3"></span><h3>5.3 I have problems dumping tables with Konqueror (phpMyAdmin 2.2.2).<a class="headerlink" href="#i-have-problems-dumping-tables-with-konqueror-phpmyadmin-2-2-2" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 914<p>With Konqueror 2.1.1: plain dumps, zip and GZip dumps work ok, except
 915that the proposed file name for the dump is always &#8216;tbl_dump.php&#8217;.
 916Bzip2 dumps don&#8217;t seem to work. With Konqueror 2.2.1: plain dumps
 917work; zip dumps are placed into the user&#8217;s temporary directory, so
 918they must be moved before closing Konqueror, or else they disappear.
 919GZip dumps give an error message. Testing needs to be done for
 920Konqueror 2.2.2.</p>
 921</div>
 922<div class="section" id="i-can-t-use-the-cookie-authentication-mode-because-internet-explorer-never-stores-the-cookies">
 923<span id="faq5-4"></span><h3>5.4 I can&#8217;t use the cookie authentication mode because Internet Explorer never stores the cookies.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-can-t-use-the-cookie-authentication-mode-because-internet-explorer-never-stores-the-cookies" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 924<p>MS Internet Explorer seems to be really buggy about cookies, at least
 925till version 6.</p>
 926</div>
 927<div class="section" id="in-internet-explorer-5-0-i-get-javascript-errors-when-browsing-my-rows">
 928<span id="faq5-5"></span><h3>5.5 In Internet Explorer 5.0, I get JavaScript errors when browsing my rows.<a class="headerlink" href="#in-internet-explorer-5-0-i-get-javascript-errors-when-browsing-my-rows" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 929<p>Upgrade to at least Internet Explorer 5.5 SP2.</p>
 930</div>
 931<div class="section" id="in-internet-explorer-5-0-5-5-or-6-0-i-get-an-error-like-page-not-found-when-trying-to-modify-a-row-in-a-table-with-many-columns-or-with-a-text-column">
 932<span id="faq5-6"></span><h3>5.6 In Internet Explorer 5.0, 5.5 or 6.0, I get an error (like &#8220;Page not found&#8221;) when trying to modify a row in a table with many columns, or with a text column.<a class="headerlink" href="#in-internet-explorer-5-0-5-5-or-6-0-i-get-an-error-like-page-not-found-when-trying-to-modify-a-row-in-a-table-with-many-columns-or-with-a-text-column" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 933<p>Your table neither have a primary key nor an unique one, so we must use a long
 934<a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-url"><em class="xref std std-term">URL</em></a> to identify this row. There is a limit on the length of the
 935<a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-url"><em class="xref std std-term">URL</em></a> in those browsers, and this not happen in Netscape, for example.
 936The workaround is to create a primary or unique key, or use another browser.</p>
 937</div>
 938<div class="section" id="i-refresh-reload-my-browser-and-come-back-to-the-welcome-page">
 939<span id="faq5-7"></span><h3>5.7 I refresh (reload) my browser, and come back to the welcome page.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-refresh-reload-my-browser-and-come-back-to-the-welcome-page" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 940<p>Some browsers support right-clicking into the frame you want to
 941refresh, just do this in the right frame.</p>
 942</div>
 943<div class="section" id="with-mozilla-0-9-7-i-have-problems-sending-a-query-modified-in-the-query-box">
 944<span id="faq5-8"></span><h3>5.8 With Mozilla 0.9.7 I have problems sending a query modified in the query box.<a class="headerlink" href="#with-mozilla-0-9-7-i-have-problems-sending-a-query-modified-in-the-query-box" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 945<p>Looks like a Mozilla bug: 0.9.6 was OK. We will keep an eye on future
 946Mozilla versions.</p>
 947</div>
 948<div class="section" id="with-mozilla-0-9-to-1-0-and-netscape-7-0-pr1-i-can-t-type-a-whitespace-in-the-sql-query-edit-area-the-page-scrolls-down">
 949<span id="faq5-9"></span><h3>5.9 With Mozilla 0.9.? to 1.0 and Netscape 7.0-PR1 I can&#8217;t type a whitespace in the SQL-Query edit area: the page scrolls down.<a class="headerlink" href="#with-mozilla-0-9-to-1-0-and-netscape-7-0-pr1-i-can-t-type-a-whitespace-in-the-sql-query-edit-area-the-page-scrolls-down" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 950<p>This is a Mozilla bug (see bug #26882 at <a class="reference external" href="http://bugzilla.mozilla.org/">BugZilla</a>).</p>
 951</div>
 952<div class="section" id="with-netscape-4-75-i-get-empty-rows-between-each-row-of-data-in-a-csv-exported-file">
 953<span id="faq5-10"></span><h3>5.10 With Netscape 4.75 I get empty rows between each row of data in a CSV exported file.<a class="headerlink" href="#with-netscape-4-75-i-get-empty-rows-between-each-row-of-data-in-a-csv-exported-file" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 954<p>This is a known Netscape 4.75 bug: it adds some line feeds when
 955exporting data in octet-stream mode. Since we can&#8217;t detect the
 956specific Netscape version, we cannot workaround this bug.</p>
 957</div>
 958<div class="section" id="extended-ascii-characters-like-german-umlauts-are-displayed-wrong">
 959<span id="faq5-11"></span><h3>5.11 Extended-ASCII characters like German umlauts are displayed wrong.<a class="headerlink" href="#extended-ascii-characters-like-german-umlauts-are-displayed-wrong" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 960<p>Please ensure that you have set your browser&#8217;s character set to the
 961one of the language file you have selected on phpMyAdmin&#8217;s start page.
 962Alternatively, you can try the auto detection mode that is supported
 963by the recent versions of the most browsers.</p>
 964</div>
 965<div class="section" id="mac-os-x-safari-browser-changes-special-characters-to">
 966<span id="faq5-12"></span><h3>5.12 Mac OS X Safari browser changes special characters to &#8221;?&#8221;.<a class="headerlink" href="#mac-os-x-safari-browser-changes-special-characters-to" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 967<p>This issue has been reported by a <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-mac-os-x"><em class="xref std std-term">Mac OS X</em></a> user, who adds that Chimera,
 968Netscape and Mozilla do not have this problem.</p>
 969</div>
 970<div class="section" id="with-internet-explorer-5-5-or-6-and-http-authentication-type-i-cannot-manage-two-servers-i-log-in-to-the-first-one-then-the-other-one-but-if-i-switch-back-to-the-first-i-have-to-log-in-on-each-operation">
 971<span id="faq5-13"></span><h3>5.13 With Internet Explorer 5.5 or 6, and HTTP authentication type, I cannot manage two servers: I log in to the first one, then the other one, but if I switch back to the first, I have to log in on each operation.<a class="headerlink" href="#with-internet-explorer-5-5-or-6-and-http-authentication-type-i-cannot-manage-two-servers-i-log-in-to-the-first-one-then-the-other-one-but-if-i-switch-back-to-the-first-i-have-to-log-in-on-each-operation" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 972<p>This is a bug in Internet Explorer, other browsers do not behave this
 973way.</p>
 974</div>
 975<div class="section" id="using-opera6-i-can-manage-to-get-to-the-authentication-but-nothing-happens-after-that-only-a-blank-screen">
 976<span id="faq5-14"></span><h3>5.14 Using Opera6, I can manage to get to the authentication, but nothing happens after that, only a blank screen.<a class="headerlink" href="#using-opera6-i-can-manage-to-get-to-the-authentication-but-nothing-happens-after-that-only-a-blank-screen" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 977<p>Please upgrade to Opera7 at least.</p>
 978</div>
 979<div class="section" id="i-have-display-problems-with-safari">
 980<span id="faq5-15"></span><h3>5.15 I have display problems with Safari.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-have-display-problems-with-safari" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 981<p>Please upgrade to at least version 1.2.3.</p>
 982</div>
 983<div class="section" id="with-internet-explorer-i-get-access-is-denied-javascript-errors-or-i-cannot-make-phpmyadmin-work-under-windows">
 984<span id="faq5-16"></span><h3>5.16 With Internet Explorer, I get &#8220;Access is denied&#8221; Javascript errors. Or I cannot make phpMyAdmin work under Windows.<a class="headerlink" href="#with-internet-explorer-i-get-access-is-denied-javascript-errors-or-i-cannot-make-phpmyadmin-work-under-windows" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 985<p>Please check the following points:</p>
 986<ul class="simple">
 987<li>Maybe you have defined your <span class="target" id="index-24"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_PmaAbsoluteUri"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri']</span></tt></a> setting in
 988<tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">config.inc.php</span></tt> to an <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-ip"><em class="xref std std-term">IP</em></a> address and you are starting phpMyAdmin
 989with a <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-url"><em class="xref std std-term">URL</em></a> containing a domain name, or the reverse situation.</li>
 990<li>Security settings in IE and/or Microsoft Security Center are too high,
 991thus blocking scripts execution.</li>
 992<li>The Windows Firewall is blocking Apache and MySQL. You must allow
 993<a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-http"><em class="xref std std-term">HTTP</em></a> ports (80 or 443) and MySQL
 994port (usually 3306) in the &#8220;in&#8221; and &#8220;out&#8221; directions.</li>
 995</ul>
 996</div>
 997<div class="section" id="with-firefox-i-cannot-delete-rows-of-data-or-drop-a-database">
 998<span id="faq5-17"></span><h3>5.17 With Firefox, I cannot delete rows of data or drop a database.<a class="headerlink" href="#with-firefox-i-cannot-delete-rows-of-data-or-drop-a-database" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
 999<p>Many users have confirmed that the Tabbrowser Extensions plugin they
1000installed in their Firefox is causing the problem.</p>
1001</div>
1002<div class="section" id="with-konqueror-4-2-x-an-invalid-limit-clause-is-generated-when-i-browse-a-table">
1003<span id="faq5-18"></span><h3>5.18 With Konqueror 4.2.x an invalid <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">LIMIT</span></tt> clause is generated when I browse a table.<a class="headerlink" href="#with-konqueror-4-2-x-an-invalid-limit-clause-is-generated-when-i-browse-a-table" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1004<p>This happens only when both of these conditions are met: using the
1005<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">http</span></tt> authentication mode and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">register_globals</span></tt> being set to
1006<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">On</span></tt> on the server. It seems to be a browser-specific problem;
1007meanwhile use the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">cookie</span></tt> authentication mode.</p>
1008</div>
1009<div class="section" id="i-get-javascript-errors-in-my-browser">
1010<span id="faq5-19"></span><h3>5.19 I get JavaScript errors in my browser.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-get-javascript-errors-in-my-browser" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1011<p>Issues have been reported with some combinations of browser
1012extensions. To troubleshoot, disable all extensions then clear your
1013browser cache to see if the problem goes away.</p>
1014</div>
1015</div>
1016<div class="section" id="using-phpmyadmin">
1017<span id="faqusing"></span><h2>Using phpMyAdmin<a class="headerlink" href="#using-phpmyadmin" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
1018<div class="section" id="i-can-t-insert-new-rows-into-a-table-i-can-t-create-a-table-mysql-brings-up-a-sql-error">
1019<span id="faq6-1"></span><h3>6.1 I can&#8217;t insert new rows into a table / I can&#8217;t create a table - MySQL brings up a SQL error.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-can-t-insert-new-rows-into-a-table-i-can-t-create-a-table-mysql-brings-up-a-sql-error" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1020<p>Examine the <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-sql"><em class="xref std std-term">SQL</em></a> error with care.
1021Often the problem is caused by specifying a wrong column-type. Common
1022errors include:</p>
1023<ul class="simple">
1024<li>Using <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">VARCHAR</span></tt> without a size argument</li>
1025<li>Using <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">TEXT</span></tt> or <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">BLOB</span></tt> with a size argument</li>
1026</ul>
1027<p>Also, look at the syntax chapter in the MySQL manual to confirm that
1028your syntax is correct.</p>
1029</div>
1030<div class="section" id="when-i-create-a-table-i-set-an-index-for-two-columns-and-phpmyadmin-generates-only-one-index-with-those-two-columns">
1031<span id="faq6-2"></span><h3>6.2 When I create a table, I set an index for two columns and phpMyAdmin generates only one index with those two columns.<a class="headerlink" href="#when-i-create-a-table-i-set-an-index-for-two-columns-and-phpmyadmin-generates-only-one-index-with-those-two-columns" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1032<p>This is the way to create a multi-columns index. If you want two
1033indexes, create the first one when creating the table, save, then
1034display the table properties and click the Index link to create the
1035other index.</p>
1036</div>
1037<div class="section" id="how-can-i-insert-a-null-value-into-my-table">
1038<span id="faq6-3"></span><h3>6.3 How can I insert a null value into my table?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-insert-a-null-value-into-my-table" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1039<p>Since version 2.2.3, you have a checkbox for each column that can be
1040null. Before 2.2.3, you had to enter &#8220;null&#8221;, without the quotes, as
1041the column&#8217;s value. Since version 2.5.5, you have to use the checkbox
1042to get a real NULL value, so if you enter &#8220;NULL&#8221; this means you want a
1043literal NULL in the column, and not a NULL value (this works in PHP4).</p>
1044</div>
1045<div class="section" id="how-can-i-backup-my-database-or-table">
1046<span id="faq6-4"></span><h3>6.4 How can I backup my database or table?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-backup-my-database-or-table" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1047<p>Click on a database or table name in the navigation panel, the properties will
1048be displayed. Then on the menu, click &#8220;Export&#8221;, you can dump the structure, the
1049data, or both. This will generate standard <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-sql"><em class="xref std std-term">SQL</em></a> statements that can be
1050used to recreate your database/table.  You will need to choose &#8220;Save as file&#8221;,
1051so that phpMyAdmin can transmit the resulting dump to your station.  Depending
1052on your PHP configuration, you will see options to compress the dump. See also
1053the <span class="target" id="index-25"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_ExecTimeLimit"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['ExecTimeLimit']</span></tt></a> configuration variable. For
1054additional help on this subject, look for the word &#8220;dump&#8221; in this document.</p>
1055</div>
1056<div class="section" id="how-can-i-restore-upload-my-database-or-table-using-a-dump-how-can-i-run-a-sql-file">
1057<span id="faq6-5"></span><h3>6.5 How can I restore (upload) my database or table using a dump? How can I run a &#8221;.sql&#8221; file?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-restore-upload-my-database-or-table-using-a-dump-how-can-i-run-a-sql-file" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1058<p>Click on a database name in the navigation panel, the properties will
1059be displayed. Select &#8220;Import&#8221; from the list of tabs in the right–hand
1060frame (or &#8220;<a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-sql"><em class="xref std std-term">SQL</em></a>&#8221; if your phpMyAdmin
1061version is previous to 2.7.0). In the &#8220;Location of the text file&#8221;
1062section, type in the path to your dump filename, or use the Browse
1063button. Then click Go.  With version 2.7.0, the import engine has been
1064re–written, if possible it is suggested that you upgrade to take
1065advantage of the new features.  For additional help on this subject,
1066look for the word &#8220;upload&#8221; in this document.</p>
1067</div>
1068<div class="section" id="how-can-i-use-the-relation-table-in-query-by-example">
1069<span id="faq6-6"></span><h3>6.6 How can I use the relation table in Query-by-example?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-use-the-relation-table-in-query-by-example" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1070<p>Here is an example with the tables persons, towns and countries, all
1071located in the database &#8220;mydb&#8221;. If you don&#8217;t have a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pma__relation</span></tt>
1072table, create it as explained in the configuration section. Then
1073create the example tables:</p>
1074<div class="highlight-mysql"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="k">CREATE</span> <span class="k">TABLE</span> <span class="nf">REL_countries</span> <span class="p">(</span>
1075<span class="n">country_code</span> <span class="kt">char</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">1</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="k">NOT</span> <span class="no">NULL</span> <span class="k">default</span> <span class="s1">&#39;&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
1076<span class="n">description</span> <span class="kt">varchar</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">10</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="k">NOT</span> <span class="no">NULL</span> <span class="k">default</span> <span class="s1">&#39;&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
1077<span class="k">PRIMARY</span> <span class="k">KEY</span> <span class="p">(</span><span class="n">country_code</span><span class="p">)</span>
1078<span class="p">)</span> <span class="n">TYPE</span><span class="o">=</span><span class="n">MyISAM</span><span class="p">;</span>
1079
1080<span class="k">INSERT</span> <span class="k">INTO</span> <span class="n">REL_countries</span> <span class="k">VALUES</span> <span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;C&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Canada&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
1081
1082<span class="k">CREATE</span> <span class="k">TABLE</span> <span class="nf">REL_persons</span> <span class="p">(</span>
1083<span class="n">id</span> <span class="kt">tinyint</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">4</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="k">NOT</span> <span class="no">NULL</span> <span class="kp">auto_increment</span><span class="p">,</span>
1084<span class="n">person_name</span> <span class="kt">varchar</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">32</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="k">NOT</span> <span class="no">NULL</span> <span class="k">default</span> <span class="s1">&#39;&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
1085<span class="n">town_code</span> <span class="kt">varchar</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">5</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="k">default</span> <span class="s1">&#39;0&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
1086<span class="n">country_code</span> <span class="kt">char</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">1</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="k">NOT</span> <span class="no">NULL</span> <span class="k">default</span> <span class="s1">&#39;&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
1087<span class="k">PRIMARY</span> <span class="k">KEY</span> <span class="p">(</span><span class="n">id</span><span class="p">)</span>
1088<span class="p">)</span> <span class="n">TYPE</span><span class="o">=</span><span class="n">MyISAM</span><span class="p">;</span>
1089
1090<span class="k">INSERT</span> <span class="k">INTO</span> <span class="n">REL_persons</span> <span class="k">VALUES</span> <span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">11</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Marc&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s1">&#39;S&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s1">&#39;&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
1091<span class="k">INSERT</span> <span class="k">INTO</span> <span class="n">REL_persons</span> <span class="k">VALUES</span> <span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">15</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Paul&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s1">&#39;S&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s1">&#39;C&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
1092
1093<span class="k">CREATE</span> <span class="k">TABLE</span> <span class="nf">REL_towns</span> <span class="p">(</span>
1094<span class="n">town_code</span> <span class="kt">varchar</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">5</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="k">NOT</span> <span class="no">NULL</span> <span class="k">default</span> <span class="s1">&#39;0&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
1095<span class="n">description</span> <span class="kt">varchar</span><span class="p">(</span><span class="mi">30</span><span class="p">)</span> <span class="k">NOT</span> <span class="no">NULL</span> <span class="k">default</span> <span class="s1">&#39;&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span>
1096<span class="k">PRIMARY</span> <span class="k">KEY</span> <span class="p">(</span><span class="n">town_code</span><span class="p">)</span>
1097<span class="p">)</span> <span class="n">TYPE</span><span class="o">=</span><span class="n">MyISAM</span><span class="p">;</span>
1098
1099<span class="k">INSERT</span> <span class="k">INTO</span> <span class="n">REL_towns</span> <span class="k">VALUES</span> <span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;S&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Sherbrooke&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
1100<span class="k">INSERT</span> <span class="k">INTO</span> <span class="n">REL_towns</span> <span class="k">VALUES</span> <span class="p">(</span><span class="s1">&#39;M&#39;</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="s1">&#39;Montréal&#39;</span><span class="p">);</span>
1101</pre></div>
1102</div>
1103<p>To setup appropriate links and display information:</p>
1104<ul class="simple">
1105<li>on table &#8220;REL_persons&#8221; click Structure, then Relation view</li>
1106<li>for &#8220;town_code&#8221;, choose from dropdowns, &#8220;mydb&#8221;, &#8220;REL_towns&#8221;, &#8220;code&#8221;
1107for foreign database, table and column respectively</li>
1108<li>for &#8220;country_code&#8221;, choose  from dropdowns, &#8220;mydb&#8221;, &#8220;REL_countries&#8221;,
1109&#8220;country_code&#8221; for foreign database, table and column respectively</li>
1110<li>on table &#8220;REL_towns&#8221; click Structure, then Relation view</li>
1111<li>in &#8220;Choose column to display&#8221;, choose &#8220;description&#8221;</li>
1112<li>repeat the two previous steps for table &#8220;REL_countries&#8221;</li>
1113</ul>
1114<p>Then test like this:</p>
1115<ul class="simple">
1116<li>Click on your db name in the navigation panel</li>
1117<li>Choose &#8220;Query&#8221;</li>
1118<li>Use tables: persons, towns, countries</li>
1119<li>Click &#8220;Update query&#8221;</li>
1120<li>In the columns row, choose persons.person_name and click the &#8220;Show&#8221;
1121tickbox</li>
1122<li>Do the same for towns.description and countries.descriptions in the
1123other 2 columns</li>
1124<li>Click &#8220;Update query&#8221; and you will see in the query box that the
1125correct joins have been generated</li>
1126<li>Click &#8220;Submit query&#8221;</li>
1127</ul>
1128</div>
1129<div class="section" id="how-can-i-use-the-display-column-feature">
1130<span id="faqdisplay"></span><h3>6.7 How can I use the &#8220;display column&#8221; feature?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-use-the-display-column-feature" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1131<p>Starting from the previous example, create the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pma__table_info</span></tt> as
1132explained in the configuration section, then browse your persons
1133table, and move the mouse over a town code or country code.  See also
1134<a class="reference internal" href="#faq6-21"><em>6.21 In edit/insert mode, how can I see a list of possible values for a column, based on some foreign table?</em></a> for an additional feature that &#8220;display column&#8221;
1135enables: drop-down list of possible values.</p>
1136</div>
1137<div class="section" id="how-can-i-produce-a-pdf-schema-of-my-database">
1138<span id="faqpdf"></span><h3>6.8 How can I produce a PDF schema of my database?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-produce-a-pdf-schema-of-my-database" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1139<p>First the configuration variables &#8220;relation&#8221;, &#8220;table_coords&#8221; and
1140&#8220;pdf_pages&#8221; have to be filled in.  Then you need to think about your
1141schema layout. Which tables will go on which pages?</p>
1142<ul class="simple">
1143<li>Select your database in the navigation panel.</li>
1144<li>Choose &#8220;Operations&#8221; in the navigation bar at the top.</li>
1145<li>Choose &#8220;Edit <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-pdf"><em class="xref std std-term">PDF</em></a> Pages&#8221; near the
1146bottom of the page.</li>
1147<li>Enter a name for the first <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-pdf"><em class="xref std std-term">PDF</em></a> page
1148and click Go. If you like, you can use the &#8220;automatic layout,&#8221; which
1149will put all your linked tables onto the new page.</li>
1150<li>Select the name of the new page (making sure the Edit radio button is
1151selected) and click Go.</li>
1152<li>Select a table from the list, enter its coordinates and click Save.
1153Coordinates are relative; your diagram will be automatically scaled to
1154fit the page. When initially placing tables on the page, just pick any
1155coordinates &#8211; say, 50x50. After clicking Save, you can then use the
1156<a class="reference internal" href="#wysiwyg"><em>6.28 How can I easily edit relational schema for export?</em></a> to position the element correctly.</li>
1157<li>When you&#8217;d like to look at your <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-pdf"><em class="xref std std-term">PDF</em></a>, first be sure to click the Save
1158button beneath the list of tables and coordinates, to save any changes you
1159made there. Then scroll all the way down, select the <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-pdf"><em class="xref std std-term">PDF</em></a> options you
1160want, and click Go.</li>
1161<li>Internet Explorer for Windows may suggest an incorrect filename when
1162you try to save a generated <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-pdf"><em class="xref std std-term">PDF</em></a>.
1163When saving a generated <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-pdf"><em class="xref std std-term">PDF</em></a>, be
1164sure that the filename ends in &#8221;.pdf&#8221;, for example &#8220;schema.pdf&#8221;.
1165Browsers on other operating systems, and other browsers on Windows, do
1166not have this problem.</li>
1167</ul>
1168</div>
1169<div class="section" id="phpmyadmin-is-changing-the-type-of-one-of-my-columns">
1170<span id="faq6-9"></span><h3>6.9 phpMyAdmin is changing the type of one of my columns!<a class="headerlink" href="#phpmyadmin-is-changing-the-type-of-one-of-my-columns" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1171<p>No, it&#8217;s MySQL that is doing <a class="reference external" href="http://dev.mysql.com/doc/en/silent-column-changes.html">silent column type changing</a>.</p>
1172</div>
1173<div class="section" id="when-creating-a-privilege-what-happens-with-underscores-in-the-database-name">
1174<span id="underscore"></span><h3>6.10 When creating a privilege, what happens with underscores in the database name?<a class="headerlink" href="#when-creating-a-privilege-what-happens-with-underscores-in-the-database-name" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1175<p>If you do not put a backslash before the underscore, this is a
1176wildcard grant, and the underscore means &#8220;any character&#8221;. So, if the
1177database name is &#8220;john_db&#8221;, the user would get rights to john1db,
1178john2db ... If you put a backslash before the underscore, it means
1179that the database name will have a real underscore.</p>
1180</div>
1181<div class="section" id="what-is-the-curious-symbol-o-in-the-statistics-pages">
1182<span id="faq6-11"></span><h3>6.11 What is the curious symbol ø in the statistics pages?<a class="headerlink" href="#what-is-the-curious-symbol-o-in-the-statistics-pages" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1183<p>It means &#8220;average&#8221;.</p>
1184</div>
1185<div class="section" id="i-want-to-understand-some-export-options">
1186<span id="faqexport"></span><h3>6.12 I want to understand some Export options.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-want-to-understand-some-export-options" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1187<p><strong>Structure:</strong></p>
1188<ul class="simple">
1189<li>&#8220;Add DROP TABLE&#8221; will add a line telling MySQL to <a class="reference external" href="http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/drop-table.html">drop the table</a>, if it already
1190exists during the import. It does NOT drop the table after your
1191export, it only affects the import file.</li>
1192<li>&#8220;If Not Exists&#8221; will only create the table if it doesn&#8217;t exist.
1193Otherwise, you may get an error if the table name exists but has a
1194different structure.</li>
1195<li>&#8220;Add AUTO_INCREMENT value&#8221; ensures that AUTO_INCREMENT value (if
1196any) will be included in backup.</li>
1197<li>&#8220;Enclose table and column names with backquotes&#8221; ensures that column
1198and table names formed with special characters are protected.</li>
1199<li>&#8220;Add into comments&#8221; includes column comments, relations, and MIME
1200types set in the pmadb in the dump as <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-sql"><em class="xref std std-term">SQL</em></a> comments
1201(<em>/* xxx */</em>).</li>
1202</ul>
1203<p><strong>Data:</strong></p>
1204<ul class="simple">
1205<li>&#8220;Complete inserts&#8221; adds the column names on every INSERT command, for
1206better documentation (but resulting file is bigger).</li>
1207<li>&#8220;Extended inserts&#8221; provides a shorter dump file by using only once the
1208INSERT verb and the table name.</li>
1209<li>&#8220;Delayed inserts&#8221; are best explained in the <a class="reference external" href="http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/insert-delayed.html">MySQL manual - INSERT DELAYED Syntax</a>.</li>
1210<li>&#8220;Ignore inserts&#8221; treats errors as a warning instead. Again, more info
1211is provided in the <a class="reference external" href="http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/insert.html">MySQL manual - INSERT Syntax</a>, but basically with
1212this selected, invalid values are adjusted and inserted rather than
1213causing the entire statement to fail.</li>
1214</ul>
1215</div>
1216<div class="section" id="i-would-like-to-create-a-database-with-a-dot-in-its-name">
1217<span id="faq6-13"></span><h3>6.13 I would like to create a database with a dot in its name.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-would-like-to-create-a-database-with-a-dot-in-its-name" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1218<p>This is a bad idea, because in MySQL the syntax &#8220;database.table&#8221; is
1219the normal way to reference a database and table name. Worse, MySQL
1220will usually let you create a database with a dot, but then you cannot
1221work with it, nor delete it.</p>
1222</div>
1223<div class="section" id="faqsqlvalidator">
1224<span id="id12"></span><h3>6.14 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faqsqlvalidator" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1225</div>
1226<div class="section" id="i-want-to-add-a-blob-column-and-put-an-index-on-it-but-mysql-says-blob-column-used-in-key-specification-without-a-key-length">
1227<span id="faq6-15"></span><h3>6.15 I want to add a BLOB column and put an index on it, but MySQL says &#8220;BLOB column &#8216;...&#8217; used in key specification without a key length&#8221;.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-want-to-add-a-blob-column-and-put-an-index-on-it-but-mysql-says-blob-column-used-in-key-specification-without-a-key-length" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1228<p>The right way to do this, is to create the column without any indexes,
1229then display the table structure and use the &#8220;Create an index&#8221; dialog.
1230On this page, you will be able to choose your BLOB column, and set a
1231size to the index, which is the condition to create an index on a BLOB
1232column.</p>
1233</div>
1234<div class="section" id="how-can-i-simply-move-in-page-with-plenty-editing-fields">
1235<span id="faq6-16"></span><h3>6.16 How can I simply move in page with plenty editing fields?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-simply-move-in-page-with-plenty-editing-fields" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1236<p>You can use <tt class="kbd docutils literal"><span class="pre">Ctrl+arrows</span></tt> (<tt class="kbd docutils literal"><span class="pre">Option+Arrows</span></tt> in Safari) for moving on
1237most pages with many editing fields (table structure changes, row editing,
1238etc.).</p>
1239</div>
1240<div class="section" id="transformations-i-can-t-enter-my-own-mimetype-wtf-is-this-feature-then-useful-for">
1241<span id="faq6-17"></span><h3>6.17 Transformations: I can&#8217;t enter my own mimetype! WTF is this feature then useful for?<a class="headerlink" href="#transformations-i-can-t-enter-my-own-mimetype-wtf-is-this-feature-then-useful-for" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1242<p>Slow down :). Defining mimetypes is of no use, if you can&#8217;t put
1243transformations on them. Otherwise you could just put a comment on the
1244column. Because entering your own mimetype will cause serious syntax
1245checking issues and validation, this introduces a high-risk false-
1246user-input situation. Instead you have to initialize mimetypes using
1247functions or empty mimetype definitions.</p>
1248<p>Plus, you have a whole overview of available mimetypes. Who knows all those
1249mimetypes by heart so he/she can enter it at will?</p>
1250</div>
1251<div class="section" id="bookmarks-where-can-i-store-bookmarks-why-can-t-i-see-any-bookmarks-below-the-query-box-what-is-this-variable-for">
1252<span id="faqbookmark"></span><h3>6.18 Bookmarks: Where can I store bookmarks? Why can&#8217;t I see any bookmarks below the query box? What is this variable for?<a class="headerlink" href="#bookmarks-where-can-i-store-bookmarks-why-can-t-i-see-any-bookmarks-below-the-query-box-what-is-this-variable-for" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1253<p>Any query you have executed can be stored as a bookmark on the page
1254where the results are displayed. You will find a button labeled
1255&#8216;Bookmark this query&#8217; just at the end of the page. As soon as you have
1256stored a bookmark, it is related to the database you run the query on.
1257You can now access a bookmark dropdown on each page, the query box
1258appears on for that database.</p>
1259<p>You can also have, inside the query, a placeholder for a variable.
1260This is done by inserting into the query a SQL comment between <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">/*</span></tt> and
1261<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">*/</span></tt>. Inside the comment, the special string <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">[VARIABLE]</span></tt> is used.
1262Be aware that the whole query minus the SQL comment must be
1263valid by itself, otherwise you won&#8217;t be able to store it as a bookmark.</p>
1264<p>When you execute the bookmark, everything typed into the <em>value</em>
1265input box on the query box page will replace the string <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">/*[VARIABLE]*/</span></tt> in
1266your stored query.</p>
1267<p>Also remember, that everything else inside the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">/*[VARIABLE]*/</span></tt> string for
1268your query will remain the way it is, but will be stripped of the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">/**/</span></tt>
1269chars. So you can use:</p>
1270<div class="highlight-mysql"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="cm">/*, [VARIABLE] AS myname */</span>
1271</pre></div>
1272</div>
1273<p>which will be expanded to</p>
1274<div class="highlight-mysql"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="p">,</span> <span class="n">VARIABLE</span> <span class="k">as</span> <span class="n">myname</span>
1275</pre></div>
1276</div>
1277<p>in your query, where VARIABLE is the string you entered in the input box. If an
1278empty string is provided, no replacements are made.</p>
1279<p>A more complex example. Say you have stored
1280this query:</p>
1281<div class="highlight-mysql"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="k">SELECT</span> <span class="n">Name</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="n">Address</span> <span class="k">FROM</span> <span class="n">addresses</span> <span class="k">WHERE</span> <span class="mi">1</span> <span class="cm">/* AND Name LIKE &#39;%[VARIABLE]%&#39; */</span>
1282</pre></div>
1283</div>
1284<p>Say, you now enter &#8220;phpMyAdmin&#8221; as the variable for the stored query, the full
1285query will be:</p>
1286<div class="highlight-mysql"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="k">SELECT</span> <span class="n">Name</span><span class="p">,</span> <span class="n">Address</span> <span class="k">FROM</span> <span class="n">addresses</span> <span class="k">WHERE</span> <span class="mi">1</span> <span class="k">AND</span> <span class="n">Name</span> <span class="k">LIKE</span> <span class="s1">&#39;%phpMyAdmin%&#39;</span>
1287</pre></div>
1288</div>
1289<p>You can use multiple occurrences of <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">/*[VARIABLE]*/</span></tt> in a single query
1290(that is, multiple occurrences of the <em>same</em> variable).</p>
1291<p><strong>NOTE THE ABSENCE OF SPACES</strong> inside the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">/**/</span></tt> construct. Any spaces
1292inserted there will be later also inserted as spaces in your query and may lead
1293to unexpected results especially when using the variable expansion inside of a
1294&#8220;LIKE &#8216;&#8217;&#8221; expression.</p>
1295<p>Your initial query which is going to be stored as a bookmark has to yield at
1296least one result row so you can store the bookmark. You may have that to work
1297around using well positioned <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">/**/</span></tt> comments.</p>
1298</div>
1299<div class="section" id="how-can-i-create-simple-latex-document-to-include-exported-table">
1300<span id="faq6-19"></span><h3>6.19 How can I create simple LATEX document to include exported table?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-create-simple-latex-document-to-include-exported-table" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1301<p>You can simply include table in your LATEX documents,
1302minimal sample document should look like following one (assuming you
1303have table exported in file <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">table.tex</span></tt>):</p>
1304<div class="highlight-latex"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="k">\documentclass</span><span class="nb">{</span>article<span class="nb">}</span> <span class="c">% or any class you want</span>
1305<span class="k">\usepackage</span><span class="nb">{</span>longtable<span class="nb">}</span>  <span class="c">% for displaying table</span>
1306<span class="k">\begin</span><span class="nb">{</span>document<span class="nb">}</span>        <span class="c">% start of document</span>
1307<span class="k">\include</span><span class="nb">{</span>table<span class="nb">}</span>         <span class="c">% including exported table</span>
1308<span class="k">\end</span><span class="nb">{</span>document<span class="nb">}</span>          <span class="c">% end of document</span>
1309</pre></div>
1310</div>
1311</div>
1312<div class="section" id="i-see-a-lot-of-databases-which-are-not-mine-and-cannot-access-them">
1313<span id="faq6-20"></span><h3>6.20 I see a lot of databases which are not mine, and cannot access them.<a class="headerlink" href="#i-see-a-lot-of-databases-which-are-not-mine-and-cannot-access-them" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1314<p>You have one of these global privileges: CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES, SHOW
1315DATABASES, LOCK TABLES. Those privileges also enable users to see all the
1316database names. So if your users do not need those privileges, you can remove
1317them and their databases list will shorten.</p>
1318<div class="admonition-see-also admonition seealso">
1319<p class="first admonition-title">See also</p>
1320<p class="last">&lt;<a class="reference external" href="http://bugs.mysql.com/179">http://bugs.mysql.com/179</a>&gt;</p>
1321</div>
1322</div>
1323<div class="section" id="in-edit-insert-mode-how-can-i-see-a-list-of-possible-values-for-a-column-based-on-some-foreign-table">
1324<span id="faq6-21"></span><h3>6.21 In edit/insert mode, how can I see a list of possible values for a column, based on some foreign table?<a class="headerlink" href="#in-edit-insert-mode-how-can-i-see-a-list-of-possible-values-for-a-column-based-on-some-foreign-table" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1325<p>You have to setup appropriate links between the tables, and also setup
1326the &#8220;display column&#8221; in the foreign table. See <a class="reference internal" href="#faq6-6"><em>6.6 How can I use the relation table in Query-by-example?</em></a> for an
1327example. Then, if there are 100 values or less in the foreign table, a
1328drop-down list of values will be available. You will see two lists of
1329values, the first list containing the key and the display column, the
1330second list containing the display column and the key. The reason for
1331this is to be able to type the first letter of either the key or the
1332display column. For 100 values or more, a distinct window will appear,
1333to browse foreign key values and choose one. To change the default
1334limit of 100, see <span class="target" id="index-26"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_ForeignKeyMaxLimit"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['ForeignKeyMaxLimit']</span></tt></a>.</p>
1335</div>
1336<div class="section" id="bookmarks-can-i-execute-a-default-bookmark-automatically-when-entering-browse-mode-for-a-table">
1337<span id="faq6-22"></span><h3>6.22 Bookmarks: Can I execute a default bookmark automatically when entering Browse mode for a table?<a class="headerlink" href="#bookmarks-can-i-execute-a-default-bookmark-automatically-when-entering-browse-mode-for-a-table" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1338<p>Yes. If a bookmark has the same label as a table name and it&#8217;s not a
1339public bookmark, it will be executed.</p>
1340</div>
1341<div class="section" id="export-i-heard-phpmyadmin-can-export-microsoft-excel-files">
1342<span id="faq6-23"></span><h3>6.23 Export: I heard phpMyAdmin can export Microsoft Excel files?<a class="headerlink" href="#export-i-heard-phpmyadmin-can-export-microsoft-excel-files" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1343<p>You can use <a class="reference internal" href="glossary.html#term-csv"><em class="xref std std-term">CSV</em></a> for Microsoft Excel,
1344which works out of the box.</p>
1345<p class="versionchanged">
1346<span class="versionmodified">Changed in version 3.4.5: </span>Since phpMyAdmin 3.4.5 support for direct export to Microsoft Excel version
134797 and newer was dropped.</p>
1348</div>
1349<div class="section" id="now-that-phpmyadmin-supports-native-mysql-4-1-x-column-comments-what-happens-to-my-column-comments-stored-in-pmadb">
1350<span id="faq6-24"></span><h3>6.24 Now that phpMyAdmin supports native MySQL 4.1.x column comments, what happens to my column comments stored in pmadb?<a class="headerlink" href="#now-that-phpmyadmin-supports-native-mysql-4-1-x-column-comments-what-happens-to-my-column-comments-stored-in-pmadb" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1351<p>Automatic migration of a table&#8217;s pmadb-style column comments to the
1352native ones is done whenever you enter Structure page for this table.</p>
1353</div>
1354<div class="section" id="faq6-25">
1355<span id="id13"></span><h3>6.25 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faq6-25" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1356</div>
1357<div class="section" id="how-can-i-select-a-range-of-rows">
1358<span id="faq6-26"></span><h3>6.26 How can I select a range of rows?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-select-a-range-of-rows" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1359<p>Click the first row of the range, hold the shift key and click the
1360last row of the range. This works everywhere you see rows, for example
1361in Browse mode or on the Structure page.</p>
1362</div>
1363<div class="section" id="what-format-strings-can-i-use">
1364<span id="faq6-27"></span><h3>6.27 What format strings can I use?<a class="headerlink" href="#what-format-strings-can-i-use" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1365<p>In all places where phpMyAdmin accepts format strings, you can use
1366<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">&#64;VARIABLE&#64;</span></tt> expansion and <a class="reference external" href="http://php.net/strftime">strftime</a>
1367format strings. The expanded variables depend on a context (for
1368example, if you haven&#8217;t chosen a table, you can not get the table
1369name), but the following variables can be used:</p>
1370<dl class="docutils">
1371<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">&#64;HTTP_HOST&#64;</span></tt></dt>
1372<dd>HTTP host that runs phpMyAdmin</dd>
1373<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">&#64;SERVER&#64;</span></tt></dt>
1374<dd>MySQL server name</dd>
1375<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">&#64;VERBOSE&#64;</span></tt></dt>
1376<dd>Verbose MySQL server name as defined in <span class="target" id="index-27"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_Servers_verbose"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose']</span></tt></a></dd>
1377<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">&#64;VSERVER&#64;</span></tt></dt>
1378<dd>Verbose MySQL server name if set, otherwise normal</dd>
1379<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">&#64;DATABASE&#64;</span></tt></dt>
1380<dd>Currently opened database</dd>
1381<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">&#64;TABLE&#64;</span></tt></dt>
1382<dd>Currently opened table</dd>
1383<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">&#64;COLUMNS&#64;</span></tt></dt>
1384<dd>Columns of the currently opened table</dd>
1385<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">&#64;PHPMYADMIN&#64;</span></tt></dt>
1386<dd>phpMyAdmin with version</dd>
1387</dl>
1388</div>
1389<div class="section" id="how-can-i-easily-edit-relational-schema-for-export">
1390<span id="wysiwyg"></span><h3>6.28 How can I easily edit relational schema for export?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-easily-edit-relational-schema-for-export" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1391<p>By clicking on the button &#8216;toggle scratchboard&#8217; on the page where you
1392edit x/y coordinates of those elements you can activate a scratchboard
1393where all your elements are placed. By clicking on an element, you can
1394move them around in the pre-defined area and the x/y coordinates will
1395get updated dynamically. Likewise, when entering a new position
1396directly into the input field, the new position in the scratchboard
1397changes after your cursor leaves the input field.</p>
1398<p>You have to click on the &#8216;OK&#8217;-button below the tables to save the new
1399positions. If you want to place a new element, first add it to the
1400table of elements and then you can drag the new element around.</p>
1401<p>By changing the paper size and the orientation you can change the size
1402of the scratchboard as well. You can do so by just changing the
1403dropdown field below, and the scratchboard will resize automatically,
1404without interfering with the current placement of the elements.</p>
1405<p>If ever an element gets out of range you can either enlarge the paper
1406size or click on the &#8216;reset&#8217; button to place all elements below each
1407other.</p>
1408</div>
1409<div class="section" id="why-can-t-i-get-a-chart-from-my-query-result-table">
1410<span id="faq6-29"></span><h3>6.29 Why can&#8217;t I get a chart from my query result table?<a class="headerlink" href="#why-can-t-i-get-a-chart-from-my-query-result-table" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1411<p>Not every table can be put to the chart. Only tables with one, two or
1412three columns can be visualised as a chart. Moreover the table must be
1413in a special format for chart script to understand it. Currently
1414supported formats can be found in the <a class="reference external" href="http://wiki.phpmyadmin.net/pma/Charts#Data_formats_for_query_results_chart">wiki</a>.</p>
1415</div>
1416<div class="section" id="import-how-can-i-import-esri-shapefiles">
1417<span id="faq6-30"></span><h3>6.30 Import: How can I import ESRI Shapefiles?<a class="headerlink" href="#import-how-can-i-import-esri-shapefiles" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1418<p>An ESRI Shapefile is actually a set of several files, where .shp file
1419contains geometry data and .dbf file contains data related to those
1420geometry data. To read data from .dbf file you need to have PHP
1421compiled with the dBase extension (&#8211;enable-dbase). Otherwise only
1422geometry data will be imported.</p>
1423<p>To upload these set of files you can use either of the following
1424methods:</p>
1425<p>Configure upload directory with <span class="target" id="index-28"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_UploadDir"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['UploadDir']</span></tt></a>, upload both .shp and .dbf files with
1426the same filename and chose the .shp file from the import page.</p>
1427<p>Create a Zip archive with .shp and .dbf files and import it. For this
1428to work, you need to set <span class="target" id="index-29"></span><a class="reference internal" href="config.html#cfg_TempDir"><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['TempDir']</span></tt></a> to a place where the web server user can
1429write (for example <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">'./tmp'</span></tt>).</p>
1430<p>To create the temporary directory on a UNIX-based system, you can do:</p>
1431<div class="highlight-sh"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="nb">cd </span>phpMyAdmin
1432mkdir tmp
1433chmod o+rwx tmp
1434</pre></div>
1435</div>
1436</div>
1437<div class="section" id="how-do-i-create-a-relation-in-designer">
1438<span id="faq6-31"></span><h3>6.31 How do I create a relation in designer?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-do-i-create-a-relation-in-designer" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1439<p>To select relation, click:  The display column is shown in pink. To
1440set/unset a column as the display column, click the &#8220;Choose column to
1441display&#8221; icon, then click on the appropriate column name.</p>
1442</div>
1443<div class="section" id="how-can-i-use-the-zoom-search-feature">
1444<span id="faq6-32"></span><h3>6.32 How can I use the zoom search feature?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-use-the-zoom-search-feature" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1445<p>The Zoom search feature is an alternative to table search feature. It allows
1446you to explore a table by representing its data in a scatter plot. You can
1447locate this feature by selecting a table and clicking the <em class="guilabel">Search</em>
1448tab. One of the sub-tabs in the <em class="guilabel">Table Search</em> page is
1449<em class="guilabel">Zoom Search</em>.</p>
1450<p>Consider the table REL_persons in <a class="reference internal" href="#faq6-6"><em>6.6 How can I use the relation table in Query-by-example?</em></a> for
1451an example. To use zoom search, two columns need to be selected, for
1452example, id and town_code. The id values will be represented on one
1453axis and town_code values on the other axis. Each row will be
1454represented as a point in a scatter plot based on its id and
1455town_code. You can include two additional search criteria apart from
1456the two fields to display.</p>
1457<p>You can choose which field should be
1458displayed as label for each point. If a display column has been set
1459for the table (see <a class="reference internal" href="#faqdisplay"><em>6.7 How can I use the &#8220;display column&#8221; feature?</em></a>), it is taken as the label unless
1460you specify otherwise. You can also select the maximum number of rows
1461you want to be displayed in the plot by specifing it in the &#8216;Max rows
1462to plot&#8217; field. Once you have decided over your criteria, click &#8216;Go&#8217;
1463to display the plot.</p>
1464<p>After the plot is generated, you can use the
1465mousewheel to zoom in and out of the plot. In addition, panning
1466feature is enabled to navigate through the plot. You can zoom-in to a
1467certail level of detail and use panning to locate your area of
1468interest. Clicking on a point opens a dialogue box, displaying field
1469values of the data row represented by the point. You can edit the
1470values if required and click on submit to issue an update query. Basic
1471instructions on how to use can be viewed by clicking the &#8216;How to use?&#8217;
1472link located just above the plot.</p>
1473</div>
1474<div class="section" id="when-browsing-a-table-how-can-i-copy-a-column-name">
1475<span id="faq6-33"></span><h3>6.33 When browsing a table, how can I copy a column name?<a class="headerlink" href="#when-browsing-a-table-how-can-i-copy-a-column-name" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1476<p>Selecting the name of the column within the browse table header cell
1477for copying is difficult, as the columns support reordering by
1478dragging the header cells as well as sorting by clicking on the linked
1479column name. To copy a column name, double-click on the empty area
1480next to the column name, when the tooltip tells you to do so. This
1481will show you an input box with the column name. You may right-click
1482the column name within this input box to copy it to your clipboard.</p>
1483</div>
1484<div class="section" id="how-can-i-use-the-favorite-tables-feature">
1485<span id="faq6-34"></span><h3>6.34 How can I use the Favorite Tables feature?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-use-the-favorite-tables-feature" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1486<p>Favorite Tables feature is very much similar to Recent Tables feature.
1487It allows you to add a shortcut for the frequently used tables of any
1488database in the navigation panel . You can easily navigate to any table
1489in the list by simply choosing it from the list. These tables are stored
1490in your browser&#8217;s local storage if you have not configured your
1491<cite>phpMyAdmin Configuration Storage</cite>. Otherwise these entries are stored in
1492<cite>phpMyAdmin Configuration Storage</cite>.</p>
1493<p>IMPORTANT: In absence of <cite>phpMyAdmin Configuration Storage</cite>, your Favorite
1494tables may be different in different browsers based on your different
1495selections in them.</p>
1496<p>To add a table to Favorite list simply click on the <cite>Gray</cite> star in front
1497of a table name in the list of tables of a Database and wait until it
1498turns to <cite>Yellow</cite>.
1499To remove a table from list, simply click on the <cite>Yellow</cite> star and
1500wait until it turns <cite>Gray</cite> again.</p>
1501<p>Using <span class="target" id="index-30"></span><tt class="xref config config-option docutils literal"><span class="pre">$cfg['NumFavoriteTables']</span></tt> in your <tt class="file docutils literal"><span class="pre">config.inc.php</span></tt>
1502file, you can define the  maximum number of favorite tables shown in the
1503navigation panel. Its default value is <cite>10</cite>.</p>
1504</div>
1505</div>
1506<div class="section" id="phpmyadmin-project">
1507<span id="faqproject"></span><h2>phpMyAdmin project<a class="headerlink" href="#phpmyadmin-project" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
1508<div class="section" id="i-have-found-a-bug-how-do-i-inform-developers">
1509<span id="faq7-1"></span><h3>7.1 I have found a bug. How do I inform developers?<a class="headerlink" href="#i-have-found-a-bug-how-do-i-inform-developers" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1510<p>Our Bug Tracker is located at &lt;<a class="reference external" href="http://sf.net/projects/phpmyadmin/">http://sf.net/projects/phpmyadmin/</a>&gt; under the
1511Bugs section. But please first discuss your bug with other users:
1512&lt;<a class="reference external" href="https://sourceforge.net/projects/phpmyadmin/forums">https://sourceforge.net/projects/phpmyadmin/forums</a>&gt;.</p>
1513</div>
1514<div class="section" id="i-want-to-translate-the-messages-to-a-new-language-or-upgrade-an-existing-language-where-do-i-start">
1515<span id="faq7-2"></span><h3>7.2 I want to translate the messages to a new language or upgrade an existing language, where do I start?<a class="headerlink" href="#i-want-to-translate-the-messages-to-a-new-language-or-upgrade-an-existing-language-where-do-i-start" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1516<p>Translations are very welcome and all you need to have are the
1517language skills. The easiest way is to use our <a class="reference external" href="https://l10n.cihar.com/projects/phpmyadmin/">online translation
1518service</a>. You can check
1519out all the possibilities to translate in the <a class="reference external" href="http://www.phpmyadmin.net/home_page/translate.php">translate section on
1520our website</a>.</p>
1521</div>
1522<div class="section" id="i-would-like-to-help-out-with-the-development-of-phpmyadmin-how-should-i-proceed">
1523<span id="faq7-3"></span><h3>7.3 I would like to help out with the development of phpMyAdmin. How should I proceed?<a class="headerlink" href="#i-would-like-to-help-out-with-the-development-of-phpmyadmin-how-should-i-proceed" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1524<p>We welcome every contribution to the development of phpMyAdmin. You
1525can check out all the possibilities to contribute in the <a class="reference external" href="http://www.phpmyadmin.net/home_page/improve.php">contribute
1526section on our website</a>.</p>
1527<div class="admonition-see-also admonition seealso">
1528<p class="first admonition-title">See also</p>
1529<p class="last"><a class="reference internal" href="developers.html#developers"><em>Developers Information</em></a></p>
1530</div>
1531</div>
1532</div>
1533<div class="section" id="security">
1534<span id="faqsecurity"></span><h2>Security<a class="headerlink" href="#security" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
1535<div class="section" id="where-can-i-get-information-about-the-security-alerts-issued-for-phpmyadmin">
1536<span id="faq8-1"></span><h3>8.1 Where can I get information about the security alerts issued for phpMyAdmin?<a class="headerlink" href="#where-can-i-get-information-about-the-security-alerts-issued-for-phpmyadmin" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1537<p>Please refer to &lt;<a class="reference external" href="http://www.phpmyadmin.net/home_page/security.php">http://www.phpmyadmin.net/home_page/security.php</a>&gt;.</p>
1538</div>
1539<div class="section" id="how-can-i-protect-phpmyadmin-against-brute-force-attacks">
1540<span id="faq8-2"></span><h3>8.2 How can I protect phpMyAdmin against brute force attacks?<a class="headerlink" href="#how-can-i-protect-phpmyadmin-against-brute-force-attacks" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1541<p>If you use Apache web server, phpMyAdmin exports information about
1542authentication to the Apache environment and it can be used in Apache
1543logs. Currently there are two variables available:</p>
1544<dl class="docutils">
1545<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">userID</span></tt></dt>
1546<dd>User name of currently active user (he does not have to be logged in).</dd>
1547<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">userStatus</span></tt></dt>
1548<dd>Status of currently active user, one of <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">ok</span></tt> (user is logged in),
1549<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mysql-denied</span></tt> (MySQL denied user login), <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">allow-denied</span></tt> (user denied
1550by allow/deny rules), <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">root-denied</span></tt> (root is denied in configuration),
1551<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">empty-denied</span></tt> (empty password is denied).</dd>
1552</dl>
1553<p><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">LogFormat</span></tt> directive for Apache can look like following:</p>
1554<div class="highlight-apache"><div class="highlight"><pre><span class="nb">LogFormat</span> <span class="s2">&quot;%h %l %u %t \&quot;%r\&quot; %&gt;s %b \&quot;%{Referer}i\&quot; \&quot;%{User-Agent}i\&quot; %{userID}n %{userStatus}n&quot;</span>   pma_combined
1555</pre></div>
1556</div>
1557<p>You can then use any log analyzing tools to detect possible break-in
1558attempts.</p>
1559</div>
1560</div>
1561<div class="section" id="synchronization">
1562<span id="faqsynchronization"></span><h2>Synchronization<a class="headerlink" href="#synchronization" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h2>
1563<div class="section" id="faq9-1">
1564<span id="id14"></span><h3>9.1 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faq9-1" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1565</div>
1566<div class="section" id="faq9-2">
1567<span id="id15"></span><h3>9.2 (withdrawn).<a class="headerlink" href="#faq9-2" title="Permalink to this headline"></a></h3>
1568</div>
1569</div>
1570</div>
1571
1572
1573          </div>
1574        </div>
1575      </div>
1576      <div class="sphinxsidebar">
1577        <div class="sphinxsidebarwrapper">
1578  <h3><a href="index.html">Table Of Contents</a></h3>
1579  <ul>
1580<li><a class="reference internal" href="#">FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions</a><ul>
1581<li><a class="reference internal" href="#server">Server</a><ul>
1582<li><a class="reference internal" href="#my-server-is-crashing-each-time-a-specific-action-is-required-or-phpmyadmin-sends-a-blank-page-or-a-page-full-of-cryptic-characters-to-my-browser-what-can-i-do">1.1 My server is crashing each time a specific action is required or phpMyAdmin sends a blank page or a page full of cryptic characters to my browser, what can I do?</a></li>
1583<li><a class="reference internal" href="#my-apache-server-crashes-when-using-phpmyadmin">1.2 My Apache server crashes when using phpMyAdmin.</a></li>
1584<li><a class="reference internal" href="#withdrawn">1.3 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1585<li><a class="reference internal" href="#using-phpmyadmin-on-iis-i-m-displayed-the-error-message-the-specified-cgi-application-misbehaved-by-not-returning-a-complete-set-of-http-headers">1.4 Using phpMyAdmin on IIS, I&#8217;m displayed the error message: &#8220;The specified CGI application misbehaved by not returning a complete set of HTTP headers ...&#8221;.</a></li>
1586<li><a class="reference internal" href="#using-phpmyadmin-on-iis-i-m-facing-crashes-and-or-many-error-messages-with-the-http">1.5 Using phpMyAdmin on IIS, I&#8217;m facing crashes and/or many error messages with the HTTP.</a></li>
1587<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-can-t-use-phpmyadmin-on-pws-nothing-is-displayed">1.6 I can&#8217;t use phpMyAdmin on PWS: nothing is displayed!</a></li>
1588<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-gzip-a-dump-or-a-csv-export-it-does-not-seem-to-work">1.7 How can I GZip a dump or a CSV export? It does not seem to work.</a></li>
1589<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-cannot-insert-a-text-file-in-a-table-and-i-get-an-error-about-safe-mode-being-in-effect">1.8 I cannot insert a text file in a table, and I get an error about safe mode being in effect.</a></li>
1590<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faq1-9">1.9 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1591<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-m-having-troubles-when-uploading-files-with-phpmyadmin-running-on-a-secure-server-my-browser-is-internet-explorer-and-i-m-using-the-apache-server">1.10 I&#8217;m having troubles when uploading files with phpMyAdmin running on a secure server. My browser is Internet Explorer and I&#8217;m using the Apache server.</a></li>
1592<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-get-an-open-basedir-restriction-while-uploading-a-file-from-the-query-box">1.11 I get an &#8216;open_basedir restriction&#8217; while uploading a file from the query box.</a></li>
1593<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-have-lost-my-mysql-root-password-what-can-i-do">1.12 I have lost my MySQL root password, what can I do?</a></li>
1594<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faq1-13">1.13 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1595<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faq1-14">1.14 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1596<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-have-problems-with-mysql-user-column-names">1.15 I have problems with <em>mysql.user</em> column names.</a></li>
1597<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-cannot-upload-big-dump-files-memory-http-or-timeout-problems">1.16 I cannot upload big dump files (memory, HTTP or timeout problems).</a></li>
1598<li><a class="reference internal" href="#which-mysql-versions-does-phpmyadmin-support">1.17 Which MySQL versions does phpMyAdmin support?</a></li>
1599<li><a class="reference internal" href="#a-i-cannot-connect-to-the-mysql-server-it-always-returns-the-error-message-client-does-not-support-authentication-protocol-requested-by-server-consider-upgrading-mysql-client">1.17a I cannot connect to the MySQL server. It always returns the error message, &#8220;Client does not support authentication protocol requested by server; consider upgrading MySQL client&#8221;</a></li>
1600<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faq1-18">1.18 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1601<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-can-t-run-the-display-relations-feature-because-the-script-seems-not-to-know-the-font-face-i-m-using">1.19 I can&#8217;t run the &#8220;display relations&#8221; feature because the script seems not to know the font face I&#8217;m using!</a></li>
1602<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-receive-an-error-about-missing-mysqli-and-mysql-extensions">1.20 I receive an error about missing mysqli and mysql extensions.</a></li>
1603<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-am-running-the-cgi-version-of-php-under-unix-and-i-cannot-log-in-using-cookie-auth">1.21 I am running the CGI version of PHP under Unix, and I cannot log in using cookie auth.</a></li>
1604<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-don-t-see-the-location-of-text-file-field-so-i-cannot-upload">1.22 I don&#8217;t see the &#8220;Location of text file&#8221; field, so I cannot upload.</a></li>
1605<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-m-running-mysql-on-a-win32-machine-each-time-i-create-a-new-table-the-table-and-column-names-are-changed-to-lowercase">1.23 I&#8217;m running MySQL on a Win32 machine. Each time I create a new table the table and column names are changed to lowercase!</a></li>
1606<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faq1-24">1.24 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1607<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-am-running-apache-with-mod-gzip-1-3-26-1a-on-windows-xp-and-i-get-problems-such-as-undefined-variables-when-i-run-a-sql-query">1.25 I am running Apache with mod_gzip-1.3.26.1a on Windows XP, and I get problems, such as undefined variables when I run a SQL query.</a></li>
1608<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-just-installed-phpmyadmin-in-my-document-root-of-iis-but-i-get-the-error-no-input-file-specified-when-trying-to-run-phpmyadmin">1.26 I just installed phpMyAdmin in my document root of IIS but I get the error &#8220;No input file specified&#8221; when trying to run phpMyAdmin.</a></li>
1609<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-get-empty-page-when-i-want-to-view-huge-page-eg-db-structure-php-with-plenty-of-tables">1.27 I get empty page when I want to view huge page (eg. db_structure.php with plenty of tables).</a></li>
1610<li><a class="reference internal" href="#my-mysql-server-sometimes-refuses-queries-and-returns-the-message-errorcode-13-what-does-this-mean">1.28 My MySQL server sometimes refuses queries and returns the message &#8216;Errorcode: 13&#8217;. What does this mean?</a></li>
1611<li><a class="reference internal" href="#when-i-create-a-table-or-modify-a-column-i-get-an-error-and-the-columns-are-duplicated">1.29 When I create a table or modify a column, I get an error and the columns are duplicated.</a></li>
1612<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-get-the-error-navigation-php-missing-hash">1.30 I get the error &#8220;navigation.php: Missing hash&#8221;.</a></li>
1613<li><a class="reference internal" href="#does-phpmyadmin-support-php-5">1.31 Does phpMyAdmin support PHP 5?</a></li>
1614<li><a class="reference internal" href="#can-i-use-http-authentication-with-iis">1.32 Can I use HTTP authentication with IIS?</a></li>
1615<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faq1-33">1.33 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1616<li><a class="reference internal" href="#can-i-access-directly-to-database-or-table-pages">1.34 Can I access directly to database or table pages?</a></li>
1617<li><a class="reference internal" href="#can-i-use-http-authentication-with-apache-cgi">1.35 Can I use HTTP authentication with Apache CGI?</a></li>
1618<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-get-an-error-500-internal-server-error">1.36 I get an error &#8220;500 Internal Server Error&#8221;.</a></li>
1619<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-run-phpmyadmin-on-cluster-of-different-machines-and-password-encryption-in-cookie-auth-doesn-t-work">1.37 I run phpMyAdmin on cluster of different machines and password encryption in cookie auth doesn&#8217;t work.</a></li>
1620<li><a class="reference internal" href="#can-i-use-phpmyadmin-on-a-server-on-which-suhosin-is-enabled">1.38 Can I use phpMyAdmin on a server on which Suhosin is enabled?</a></li>
1621<li><a class="reference internal" href="#when-i-try-to-connect-via-https-i-can-log-in-but-then-my-connection-is-redirected-back-to-http-what-can-cause-this-behavior">1.39 When I try to connect via https, I can log in, but then my connection is redirected back to http. What can cause this behavior?</a></li>
1622<li><a class="reference internal" href="#when-accessing-phpmyadmin-via-an-apache-reverse-proxy-cookie-login-does-not-work">1.40 When accessing phpMyAdmin via an Apache reverse proxy, cookie login does not work.</a></li>
1623<li><a class="reference internal" href="#when-i-view-a-database-and-ask-to-see-its-privileges-i-get-an-error-about-an-unknown-column">1.41 When I view a database and ask to see its privileges, I get an error about an unknown column.</a></li>
1624<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-prevent-robots-from-accessing-phpmyadmin">1.42 How can I prevent robots from accessing phpMyAdmin?</a></li>
1625<li><a class="reference internal" href="#why-can-t-i-display-the-structure-of-my-table-containing-hundreds-of-columns">1.43 Why can&#8217;t I display the structure of my table containing hundreds of columns?</a></li>
1626</ul>
1627</li>
1628<li><a class="reference internal" href="#configuration">Configuration</a><ul>
1629<li><a class="reference internal" href="#the-error-message-warning-cannot-add-header-information-headers-already-sent-by-is-displayed-what-s-the-problem">2.1 The error message &#8220;Warning: Cannot add header information - headers already sent by ...&#8221; is displayed, what&#8217;s the problem?</a></li>
1630<li><a class="reference internal" href="#phpmyadmin-can-t-connect-to-mysql-what-s-wrong">2.2 phpMyAdmin can&#8217;t connect to MySQL. What&#8217;s wrong?</a></li>
1631<li><a class="reference internal" href="#the-error-message-warning-mysql-connection-failed-can-t-connect-to-local-mysql-server-through-socket-tmp-mysql-sock-111-is-displayed-what-can-i-do">2.3 The error message &#8220;Warning: MySQL Connection Failed: Can&#8217;t connect to local MySQL server through socket &#8216;/tmp/mysql.sock&#8217; (111) ...&#8221; is displayed. What can I do?</a></li>
1632<li><a class="reference internal" href="#nothing-is-displayed-by-my-browser-when-i-try-to-run-phpmyadmin-what-can-i-do">2.4 Nothing is displayed by my browser when I try to run phpMyAdmin, what can I do?</a></li>
1633<li><a class="reference internal" href="#each-time-i-want-to-insert-or-change-a-row-or-drop-a-database-or-a-table-an-error-404-page-not-found-is-displayed-or-with-http-or-cookie-authentication-i-m-asked-to-log-in-again-what-s-wrong">2.5 Each time I want to insert or change a row or drop a database or a table, an error 404 (page not found) is displayed or, with HTTP or cookie authentication, I&#8217;m asked to log in again. What&#8217;s wrong?</a></li>
1634<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-get-an-access-denied-for-user-root-localhost-using-password-yes-error-when-trying-to-access-a-mysql-server-on-a-host-which-is-port-forwarded-for-my-localhost">2.6 I get an &#8220;Access denied for user: &#8216;root&#64;localhost&#8216; (Using password: YES)&#8221;-error when trying to access a MySQL-Server on a host which is port-forwarded for my localhost.</a></li>
1635<li><a class="reference internal" href="#using-and-creating-themes">2.7 Using and creating themes</a></li>
1636<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-get-missing-parameters-errors-what-can-i-do">2.8 I get &#8220;Missing parameters&#8221; errors, what can I do?</a></li>
1637<li><a class="reference internal" href="#seeing-an-upload-progress-bar">2.9 Seeing an upload progress bar</a></li>
1638</ul>
1639</li>
1640<li><a class="reference internal" href="#known-limitations">Known limitations</a><ul>
1641<li><a class="reference internal" href="#when-using-http-authentication-a-user-who-logged-out-can-not-log-in-again-in-with-the-same-nick">3.1 When using HTTP authentication, a user who logged out can not log in again in with the same nick.</a></li>
1642<li><a class="reference internal" href="#when-dumping-a-large-table-in-compressed-mode-i-get-a-memory-limit-error-or-a-time-limit-error">3.2 When dumping a large table in compressed mode, I get a memory limit error or a time limit error.</a></li>
1643<li><a class="reference internal" href="#with-innodb-tables-i-lose-foreign-key-relationships-when-i-rename-a-table-or-a-column">3.3 With InnoDB tables, I lose foreign key relationships when I rename a table or a column.</a></li>
1644<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-am-unable-to-import-dumps-i-created-with-the-mysqldump-tool-bundled-with-the-mysql-server-distribution">3.4 I am unable to import dumps I created with the mysqldump tool bundled with the MySQL server distribution.</a></li>
1645<li><a class="reference internal" href="#when-using-nested-folders-multiple-hierarchies-are-displayed-in-a-wrong-manner">3.5 When using nested folders, multiple hierarchies are displayed in a wrong manner.</a></li>
1646<li><a class="reference internal" href="#what-is-currently-not-supported-in-phpmyadmin-about-innodb">3.6 What is currently not supported in phpMyAdmin about InnoDB?</a></li>
1647<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-have-table-with-many-100-columns-and-when-i-try-to-browse-table-i-get-series-of-errors-like-warning-unable-to-parse-url-how-can-this-be-fixed">3.7 I have table with many (100+) columns and when I try to browse table I get series of errors like &#8220;Warning: unable to parse url&#8221;. How can this be fixed?</a></li>
1648<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-cannot-use-clickable-html-forms-in-columns-where-i-put-a-mime-transformation-onto">3.8 I cannot use (clickable) HTML-forms in columns where I put a MIME-Transformation onto!</a></li>
1649<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-get-error-messages-when-using-sql-mode-ansi-for-the-mysql-server">3.9 I get error messages when using &#8220;&#8211;sql_mode=ANSI&#8221; for the MySQL server.</a></li>
1650<li><a class="reference internal" href="#homonyms-and-no-primary-key-when-the-results-of-a-select-display-more-that-one-column-with-the-same-value-for-example-select-lastname-from-employees-where-firstname-like-a-and-two-smith-values-are-displayed-if-i-click-edit-i-cannot-be-sure-that-i-am-editing-the-intended-row">3.10 Homonyms and no primary key: When the results of a SELECT display more that one column with the same value (for example <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">SELECT</span> <span class="pre">lastname</span> <span class="pre">from</span> <span class="pre">employees</span> <span class="pre">where</span> <span class="pre">firstname</span> <span class="pre">like</span> <span class="pre">'A%'</span></tt> and two &#8220;Smith&#8221; values are displayed), if I click Edit I cannot be sure that I am editing the intended row.</a></li>
1651<li><a class="reference internal" href="#the-number-of-rows-for-innodb-tables-is-not-correct">3.11 The number of rows for InnoDB tables is not correct.</a></li>
1652<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faq3-12">3.12 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1653<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-get-an-error-when-entering-use-followed-by-a-db-name-containing-an-hyphen">3.13 I get an error when entering <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">USE</span></tt> followed by a db name containing an hyphen.</a></li>
1654<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-am-not-able-to-browse-a-table-when-i-don-t-have-the-right-to-select-one-of-the-columns">3.14 I am not able to browse a table when I don&#8217;t have the right to SELECT one of the columns.</a></li>
1655<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faq3-15">3.15 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1656<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faq3-16">3.16 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1657<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faq3-17">3.17 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1658<li><a class="reference internal" href="#when-i-import-a-csv-file-that-contains-multiple-tables-they-are-lumped-together-into-a-single-table">3.18 When I import a CSV file that contains multiple tables, they are lumped together into a single table.</a></li>
1659<li><a class="reference internal" href="#when-i-import-a-file-and-have-phpmyadmin-determine-the-appropriate-data-structure-it-only-uses-int-decimal-and-varchar-types">3.19 When I import a file and have phpMyAdmin determine the appropriate data structure it only uses int, decimal, and varchar types.</a></li>
1660<li><a class="reference internal" href="#after-upgrading-some-bookmarks-are-gone-or-their-content-cannot-be-shown">3.20 After upgrading, some bookmarks are gone or their content cannot be shown.</a></li>
1661</ul>
1662</li>
1663<li><a class="reference internal" href="#isps-multi-user-installations">ISPs, multi-user installations</a><ul>
1664<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-m-an-isp-can-i-setup-one-central-copy-of-phpmyadmin-or-do-i-need-to-install-it-for-each-customer">4.1 I&#8217;m an ISP. Can I setup one central copy of phpMyAdmin or do I need to install it for each customer?</a></li>
1665<li><a class="reference internal" href="#what-s-the-preferred-way-of-making-phpmyadmin-secure-against-evil-access">4.2 What&#8217;s the preferred way of making phpMyAdmin secure against evil access?</a></li>
1666<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-get-errors-about-not-being-able-to-include-a-file-in-lang-or-in-libraries">4.3 I get errors about not being able to include a file in <em>/lang</em> or in <em>/libraries</em>.</a></li>
1667<li><a class="reference internal" href="#phpmyadmin-always-gives-access-denied-when-using-http-authentication">4.4 phpMyAdmin always gives &#8220;Access denied&#8221; when using HTTP authentication.</a></li>
1668<li><a class="reference internal" href="#is-it-possible-to-let-users-create-their-own-databases">4.5 Is it possible to let users create their own databases?</a></li>
1669<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-use-the-host-based-authentication-additions">4.6 How can I use the Host-based authentication additions?</a></li>
1670<li><a class="reference internal" href="#authentication-window-is-displayed-more-than-once-why">4.7 Authentication window is displayed more than once, why?</a></li>
1671<li><a class="reference internal" href="#which-parameters-can-i-use-in-the-url-that-starts-phpmyadmin">4.8 Which parameters can I use in the URL that starts phpMyAdmin?</a></li>
1672</ul>
1673</li>
1674<li><a class="reference internal" href="#browsers-or-client-os">Browsers or client OS</a><ul>
1675<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-get-an-out-of-memory-error-and-my-controls-are-non-functional-when-trying-to-create-a-table-with-more-than-14-columns">5.1 I get an out of memory error, and my controls are non-functional, when trying to create a table with more than 14 columns.</a></li>
1676<li><a class="reference internal" href="#with-xitami-2-5b4-phpmyadmin-won-t-process-form-fields">5.2 With Xitami 2.5b4, phpMyAdmin won&#8217;t process form fields.</a></li>
1677<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-have-problems-dumping-tables-with-konqueror-phpmyadmin-2-2-2">5.3 I have problems dumping tables with Konqueror (phpMyAdmin 2.2.2).</a></li>
1678<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-can-t-use-the-cookie-authentication-mode-because-internet-explorer-never-stores-the-cookies">5.4 I can&#8217;t use the cookie authentication mode because Internet Explorer never stores the cookies.</a></li>
1679<li><a class="reference internal" href="#in-internet-explorer-5-0-i-get-javascript-errors-when-browsing-my-rows">5.5 In Internet Explorer 5.0, I get JavaScript errors when browsing my rows.</a></li>
1680<li><a class="reference internal" href="#in-internet-explorer-5-0-5-5-or-6-0-i-get-an-error-like-page-not-found-when-trying-to-modify-a-row-in-a-table-with-many-columns-or-with-a-text-column">5.6 In Internet Explorer 5.0, 5.5 or 6.0, I get an error (like &#8220;Page not found&#8221;) when trying to modify a row in a table with many columns, or with a text column.</a></li>
1681<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-refresh-reload-my-browser-and-come-back-to-the-welcome-page">5.7 I refresh (reload) my browser, and come back to the welcome page.</a></li>
1682<li><a class="reference internal" href="#with-mozilla-0-9-7-i-have-problems-sending-a-query-modified-in-the-query-box">5.8 With Mozilla 0.9.7 I have problems sending a query modified in the query box.</a></li>
1683<li><a class="reference internal" href="#with-mozilla-0-9-to-1-0-and-netscape-7-0-pr1-i-can-t-type-a-whitespace-in-the-sql-query-edit-area-the-page-scrolls-down">5.9 With Mozilla 0.9.? to 1.0 and Netscape 7.0-PR1 I can&#8217;t type a whitespace in the SQL-Query edit area: the page scrolls down.</a></li>
1684<li><a class="reference internal" href="#with-netscape-4-75-i-get-empty-rows-between-each-row-of-data-in-a-csv-exported-file">5.10 With Netscape 4.75 I get empty rows between each row of data in a CSV exported file.</a></li>
1685<li><a class="reference internal" href="#extended-ascii-characters-like-german-umlauts-are-displayed-wrong">5.11 Extended-ASCII characters like German umlauts are displayed wrong.</a></li>
1686<li><a class="reference internal" href="#mac-os-x-safari-browser-changes-special-characters-to">5.12 Mac OS X Safari browser changes special characters to &#8221;?&#8221;.</a></li>
1687<li><a class="reference internal" href="#with-internet-explorer-5-5-or-6-and-http-authentication-type-i-cannot-manage-two-servers-i-log-in-to-the-first-one-then-the-other-one-but-if-i-switch-back-to-the-first-i-have-to-log-in-on-each-operation">5.13 With Internet Explorer 5.5 or 6, and HTTP authentication type, I cannot manage two servers: I log in to the first one, then the other one, but if I switch back to the first, I have to log in on each operation.</a></li>
1688<li><a class="reference internal" href="#using-opera6-i-can-manage-to-get-to-the-authentication-but-nothing-happens-after-that-only-a-blank-screen">5.14 Using Opera6, I can manage to get to the authentication, but nothing happens after that, only a blank screen.</a></li>
1689<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-have-display-problems-with-safari">5.15 I have display problems with Safari.</a></li>
1690<li><a class="reference internal" href="#with-internet-explorer-i-get-access-is-denied-javascript-errors-or-i-cannot-make-phpmyadmin-work-under-windows">5.16 With Internet Explorer, I get &#8220;Access is denied&#8221; Javascript errors. Or I cannot make phpMyAdmin work under Windows.</a></li>
1691<li><a class="reference internal" href="#with-firefox-i-cannot-delete-rows-of-data-or-drop-a-database">5.17 With Firefox, I cannot delete rows of data or drop a database.</a></li>
1692<li><a class="reference internal" href="#with-konqueror-4-2-x-an-invalid-limit-clause-is-generated-when-i-browse-a-table">5.18 With Konqueror 4.2.x an invalid <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">LIMIT</span></tt> clause is generated when I browse a table.</a></li>
1693<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-get-javascript-errors-in-my-browser">5.19 I get JavaScript errors in my browser.</a></li>
1694</ul>
1695</li>
1696<li><a class="reference internal" href="#using-phpmyadmin">Using phpMyAdmin</a><ul>
1697<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-can-t-insert-new-rows-into-a-table-i-can-t-create-a-table-mysql-brings-up-a-sql-error">6.1 I can&#8217;t insert new rows into a table / I can&#8217;t create a table - MySQL brings up a SQL error.</a></li>
1698<li><a class="reference internal" href="#when-i-create-a-table-i-set-an-index-for-two-columns-and-phpmyadmin-generates-only-one-index-with-those-two-columns">6.2 When I create a table, I set an index for two columns and phpMyAdmin generates only one index with those two columns.</a></li>
1699<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-insert-a-null-value-into-my-table">6.3 How can I insert a null value into my table?</a></li>
1700<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-backup-my-database-or-table">6.4 How can I backup my database or table?</a></li>
1701<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-restore-upload-my-database-or-table-using-a-dump-how-can-i-run-a-sql-file">6.5 How can I restore (upload) my database or table using a dump? How can I run a &#8221;.sql&#8221; file?</a></li>
1702<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-use-the-relation-table-in-query-by-example">6.6 How can I use the relation table in Query-by-example?</a></li>
1703<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-use-the-display-column-feature">6.7 How can I use the &#8220;display column&#8221; feature?</a></li>
1704<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-produce-a-pdf-schema-of-my-database">6.8 How can I produce a PDF schema of my database?</a></li>
1705<li><a class="reference internal" href="#phpmyadmin-is-changing-the-type-of-one-of-my-columns">6.9 phpMyAdmin is changing the type of one of my columns!</a></li>
1706<li><a class="reference internal" href="#when-creating-a-privilege-what-happens-with-underscores-in-the-database-name">6.10 When creating a privilege, what happens with underscores in the database name?</a></li>
1707<li><a class="reference internal" href="#what-is-the-curious-symbol-o-in-the-statistics-pages">6.11 What is the curious symbol ø in the statistics pages?</a></li>
1708<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-want-to-understand-some-export-options">6.12 I want to understand some Export options.</a></li>
1709<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-would-like-to-create-a-database-with-a-dot-in-its-name">6.13 I would like to create a database with a dot in its name.</a></li>
1710<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faqsqlvalidator">6.14 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1711<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-want-to-add-a-blob-column-and-put-an-index-on-it-but-mysql-says-blob-column-used-in-key-specification-without-a-key-length">6.15 I want to add a BLOB column and put an index on it, but MySQL says &#8220;BLOB column &#8216;...&#8217; used in key specification without a key length&#8221;.</a></li>
1712<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-simply-move-in-page-with-plenty-editing-fields">6.16 How can I simply move in page with plenty editing fields?</a></li>
1713<li><a class="reference internal" href="#transformations-i-can-t-enter-my-own-mimetype-wtf-is-this-feature-then-useful-for">6.17 Transformations: I can&#8217;t enter my own mimetype! WTF is this feature then useful for?</a></li>
1714<li><a class="reference internal" href="#bookmarks-where-can-i-store-bookmarks-why-can-t-i-see-any-bookmarks-below-the-query-box-what-is-this-variable-for">6.18 Bookmarks: Where can I store bookmarks? Why can&#8217;t I see any bookmarks below the query box? What is this variable for?</a></li>
1715<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-create-simple-latex-document-to-include-exported-table">6.19 How can I create simple LATEX document to include exported table?</a></li>
1716<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-see-a-lot-of-databases-which-are-not-mine-and-cannot-access-them">6.20 I see a lot of databases which are not mine, and cannot access them.</a></li>
1717<li><a class="reference internal" href="#in-edit-insert-mode-how-can-i-see-a-list-of-possible-values-for-a-column-based-on-some-foreign-table">6.21 In edit/insert mode, how can I see a list of possible values for a column, based on some foreign table?</a></li>
1718<li><a class="reference internal" href="#bookmarks-can-i-execute-a-default-bookmark-automatically-when-entering-browse-mode-for-a-table">6.22 Bookmarks: Can I execute a default bookmark automatically when entering Browse mode for a table?</a></li>
1719<li><a class="reference internal" href="#export-i-heard-phpmyadmin-can-export-microsoft-excel-files">6.23 Export: I heard phpMyAdmin can export Microsoft Excel files?</a></li>
1720<li><a class="reference internal" href="#now-that-phpmyadmin-supports-native-mysql-4-1-x-column-comments-what-happens-to-my-column-comments-stored-in-pmadb">6.24 Now that phpMyAdmin supports native MySQL 4.1.x column comments, what happens to my column comments stored in pmadb?</a></li>
1721<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faq6-25">6.25 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1722<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-select-a-range-of-rows">6.26 How can I select a range of rows?</a></li>
1723<li><a class="reference internal" href="#what-format-strings-can-i-use">6.27 What format strings can I use?</a></li>
1724<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-easily-edit-relational-schema-for-export">6.28 How can I easily edit relational schema for export?</a></li>
1725<li><a class="reference internal" href="#why-can-t-i-get-a-chart-from-my-query-result-table">6.29 Why can&#8217;t I get a chart from my query result table?</a></li>
1726<li><a class="reference internal" href="#import-how-can-i-import-esri-shapefiles">6.30 Import: How can I import ESRI Shapefiles?</a></li>
1727<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-do-i-create-a-relation-in-designer">6.31 How do I create a relation in designer?</a></li>
1728<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-use-the-zoom-search-feature">6.32 How can I use the zoom search feature?</a></li>
1729<li><a class="reference internal" href="#when-browsing-a-table-how-can-i-copy-a-column-name">6.33 When browsing a table, how can I copy a column name?</a></li>
1730<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-use-the-favorite-tables-feature">6.34 How can I use the Favorite Tables feature?</a></li>
1731</ul>
1732</li>
1733<li><a class="reference internal" href="#phpmyadmin-project">phpMyAdmin project</a><ul>
1734<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-have-found-a-bug-how-do-i-inform-developers">7.1 I have found a bug. How do I inform developers?</a></li>
1735<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-want-to-translate-the-messages-to-a-new-language-or-upgrade-an-existing-language-where-do-i-start">7.2 I want to translate the messages to a new language or upgrade an existing language, where do I start?</a></li>
1736<li><a class="reference internal" href="#i-would-like-to-help-out-with-the-development-of-phpmyadmin-how-should-i-proceed">7.3 I would like to help out with the development of phpMyAdmin. How should I proceed?</a></li>
1737</ul>
1738</li>
1739<li><a class="reference internal" href="#security">Security</a><ul>
1740<li><a class="reference internal" href="#where-can-i-get-information-about-the-security-alerts-issued-for-phpmyadmin">8.1 Where can I get information about the security alerts issued for phpMyAdmin?</a></li>
1741<li><a class="reference internal" href="#how-can-i-protect-phpmyadmin-against-brute-force-attacks">8.2 How can I protect phpMyAdmin against brute force attacks?</a></li>
1742</ul>
1743</li>
1744<li><a class="reference internal" href="#synchronization">Synchronization</a><ul>
1745<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faq9-1">9.1 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1746<li><a class="reference internal" href="#faq9-2">9.2 (withdrawn).</a></li>
1747</ul>
1748</li>
1749</ul>
1750</li>
1751</ul>
1752
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1755                        title="previous chapter">Other sources of information</a></p>
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